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Prevuius group

Group No. 98


F. Marvels

Group No.

F300 – F399

Group name

Fairies and mortals


F300. F300. Marriage or liaison with fairy. Irish myth: *Cross, Beal XXI 335, Tupper and Ogle Walter Map 96.
F300.1. F300.1. Giants guard fairy princess from mortal man. India: Thompson-Balys.
F300.2. F300.2. Husband pursues fairy wife to heaven. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 55.
F301. F301. Fairy lover. Fb “underjordiske” III 975a; Dickson 121 n. 65; Hartland Science 64; Irish myth: *Cross; Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 133ff.; Icelandic: Boberg, *Feilberg DF V 43ff.; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 343.
F301.1. F301.1. Summoning fairy lover.
F301.1.1. F301.1.1. Girl summons fairy lover by breaking tabu.
F301.1.1.1. F301.1.1.1. Girl summons fairy lover by wishing for him. English: Child I 6ff. No. 2.
F301.1.1.2. F301.1.1.2. Girl summons fairy lover by plucking flowers. English: Child I 360 n.
F301.1.1.3. F301.1.1.3. Girl summons fairy lover by lying under tree. English: Child V 499 s.v. “trees”.
F301.1.1.4. F301.1.1.4. Girl summons fairy lover by pulling nuts. English: Child I 360 n.
F301.2. F301.2. Fairy lover entices mortal girl.
F301.2.1. F301.2.1. Elf-knight produces love-longing by blowing on horn. English: Child I 15ff., 23, 55, 367.
F301.3. F301.3. Girl goes to fairyland and marries fairy. Hartland Science 64.
F301.4. F301.4. Tasks set maid by elfin knight before she can marry him. English: Child I 15ff.
F301.5. F301.5. Elf-knight entices maiden away and kills her. English: Child I 47; Japanese: Ikeda.
F301.6. F301.6. Fairy lover abducts fairy wife of mortal. Irish myth: *Cross.
F301.7. F301.7. Girl goes to see her fairy lover on certain nights. Icelandic: Sveinsson FFC LXXXVIII 10f. (Type 306 III).
F301.8. F301.8. Fairy runs away from wedding with mortal girl. Irish myth: Cross.
F302. F302. Fairy mistress. Mortal man marries or lives with fairy woman. *Hoffman-Krayer Zs f. Vksk. XXV 120 n. 4; *Puckett MPh XVI 297; Clouston Tales I 212ff.; Malone PMLA XLIII 406; *Grimes The Lays of Desiré, Graelent and Melion (New York, 1928); *Krappe Bulletin Hispanique XXXIII 97ff. – Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Hjálmthèrs saga ok Ölvis 477, Boberg; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 56 No. 483; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 44 Nos 42, 43; India: *Thompson-Balys; Indonesia: De Vries’s list No. 151; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 500.
F302.0.1. F302.0.1. Bonga mistress. India: Thompson-Balys.
F302.1. F302.1. Man goes to fairyland and marries fairy. Irish myth: *Cross; English: Wells 130ff. (Sir Launfal, Emare); Spanish Exempla: Keller; India: *Thompson-Balys.
F302.1.1. F302.1.1. Mortals supplied with fairy mistresses during visit to fairyland. Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
F302.1.2. F302.1.2. Mortal gives fairy ring after night spent with her in fairyland. Irish myth: Cross.
F302.2. F302.2. Man marries fairy and takes her to his home. **Köhler Der Ursprung der Melusinensage (1895); *Fränkel Zs. f. Vksk. IV 387; *Fb “menneske” II 577b; see also all references for C31.1.2; Hartland Science 168; Malone PMLA XLIII 417; Irish myth: *Cross; England, Wales: Baughman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
F302.2.1. F302.2.1. Fairy wife deserts mortal husband for repulsive lover. Malone PMLA XLIII 416ff.; Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
F302.3. F302.3. Fairy wooes mortal man. Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
F302.3.0.1. F302.3.0.1. Fairy visits mortal and becomes his mistress. Irish myth: *Cross.
F302.3.0.2. F302.3.0.2. Raja refuses to marry a Peri. India: Thompson-Balys.
F302.3.1. F302.3.1. Fairy entices man into fairyland. Hartland Science 41, 163, 184, 202; Irish myth: *Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys.
F302.3.1.1. F302.3.1.1. Bonga girl (fairy) will return stolen goods only if mortal man will go with her. India: Thompson-Balys.
F302.3.1.2. F302.3.1.2. Fairies stop ship to entice man to their land. Irish myth: *Cross.
F302.3.1.3. F302.3.1.3. Man is carried to fairyland by fairy and marries her. Irish myth: *Cross.
F302.3.1.4. F302.3.1.4. Fairy abducts whomever she falls in love with. (Cf. F320.) India: Thompson-Balys.
F302.3.2. F302.3.2. Fairy offers gifts to man to be her paramour. Irish myth: *Cross; English: Child I 314, 375f., 384, III 504a, V 214; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
F302.3.2.1. F302.3.2.1. Fairy offers aid to man if he will marry her. Irish myth: Cross.
F302.3.2.2. F302.3.2.2. Fairy offers to disenchant mortal wife if man will marry her. (Cf. F302.5.2.) Irish myth: Cross.
F302.3.3. F302.3.3. Fairy avenges self on man who scorns her love. English: Child I 376ff.; Irish myth: *Cross.
F302.3.3.1. F302.3.3.1. Fairy avenges herself on inconstant lover (husband). *Fb “ellefolk” I 241b; Krappe Bulletin Hispanique XXXV (1933) 115ff.; Irish myth: *Cross; English: Child I 372 – 389.
F302.3.4. F302.3.4. Fairies entice men and then harm them. Irish myth: *Cross; Japanese: Mitford 243; West Indies: Flowers 433.
F302.3.4.1. F302.3.4.1. Fairy kisses man. India: *Thompson-Balys.
F302. F302. Fairy’s kiss fatal. Fb “kys” II 349.
F302.3.4.2. F302.3.4.2. Fairies dance with youth till he dies (or goes insane). *Fb “ellefolk” I 241b.
F302. F302. Pixies win dancing contest with man. India: Thompson-Balys.
F302.3.4.3. F302.3.4.3. Fairy wooes and deserts man. Clouston Tales I 215ff.; Irish myth: *Cross.
F302.3.4.4. F302.3.4.4. Fairy takes lover back to fairyland in magic sleep. *Krappe Romania LX (1934) 79ff.
F302.3.4.5. F302.3.4.5. Fairies fall in love with prince and charm him into a deathlike sleep. India: Thompson-Balys.
F302.4. F302.4. Man obtains power over fairy mistress. Irish myth: Cross.
F302.4.1. F302.4.1. Man shoots into wreath of mist and brings down fairy. She becomes his wife. Hartland Science 144.
F302.4.2. F302.4.2. Fairy comes into man‘s power when he steals her wings (clothes). She leaves when she finds them. Slavic: Máchal 258; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *404; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 55.
F302.4.2.1. F302.4.2.1. Fairy comes into man’s power when he steals her clothes. She leaves when she finds them. India: *Thompson-Balys.
F302.4.3. F302.4.3. Hero fights with fairy person, takes his wife and keeps her (for a year). Irish myth: *Cross.
F302.4.4. F302.4.4. Man binds fairy and forces her to marry him. India: Thompson-Balys.
F302.5. F302.5. Fairy mistress and mortal wife.
F302.5.0.1. F302.5.0.1. Man deserts wife for fairy. India: Thompson-Balys.
F302.5.1. F302.5.1. Fairy mistress surrenders man to his mortal wife (Wildfrau). *Heltzel Philological Quarterly VIII (1930) 348; Irish myth: *Cross Icelandic: Hálfdanar saga Brönufóstra (whole saga).
F302.5.1.1. F302.5.1.1. Bonga girl (fairy) surrenders man to his mortal wife if he will name first daughter after her. India: Thompson-Balys.
F302.5.2. F302.5.2. Fairy mistress transforms man‘s human wife. (Cf. F302.3.2.2.) Irish myth: *Cross.
F302.5.2.1. F302.5.2.1. Divine damsel converts mortal’s first wife into a lovely woman; they all live together. India: Thompson-Balys.
F302.5.3. F302.5.3. Man loses luck when he leaves fairy wife for mortal. India: Thompson-Balys.
F302.5.4. F302.5.4. Fairy mistress demands that man send his mortal wife away. Irish myth: *Cross.
F302.5.5. F302.5.5. Fairy mistress tries to destroy mortal‘s wife (mother) by sending her a magic belt. Krappe Revue des Études Grecques LII (1939) 569ff.
F302.6. F302.6. Fairy mistress leaves man when he breaks tabu. See all references to C31, C31.1.2, C31.2, C31.4.1, C31.4.2. Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
F302.6.1. F302.6.1. Celtic fairy mistress dominant. Irish myth: *Cross.
F302.6.2. F302.6.2. Recovery of fairy mistress.
F302.6.2.1. F302.6.2.1. Mortal beats drum as fairies dance before Indra; is granted fairy wife permanently. India: Thompson-Balys.
F302.6.2.2. F302.6.2.2. Fairy gives up her fairy nature and becomes mortal to be able to return to her mortal husband. India: Thompson-Balys.
F302.7. F302.7. Fairy mistress prophesies mortal lover’s fate in battle. Irish myth: *Cross.
F302.8. F302.8. Fairy mistress demands mortal lover deny Christian teachings. Irish myth: *Cross.
F302.9. F302.9. Fairy mistress rescues hero from battle. Irish myth: Cross.
F302.10. F302.10. Man to have fairy wife for only seven years. India: Thompson-Balys.
F302.11. F302.11. Prince married to a she-monkey (really queen of the fairies). India: Thompson-Balys.
F303. F303. Wedding of mortal and fairy. Feilberg DF V 45ff.; Kristensen Danske Sagn I (1892) 62ff., (1928) 54ff.; Liljeblad 188ff.; India: *Thompson-Balys.
F303.1. F303.1. Purification in kettle of boiling oil as preparation for marriage to fairy. Tuti-Nameh 10th Night.
F304. F304. Sexual relations with fairy.
F304.1. F304.1. Fairy king punishes ravisher of his daughter. Malone PMLA XLIII 406; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.
F304.2. F304.2. Fairy queen’s beauty temporarily destroyed by intercourse with mortal. English: Child I 327.
F304.3. F304.3. Beautiful woman found in bed with man after he has plugged keyholes to keep elves out. Tobler 68; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *423.
F304.4. F304.4. Mortal violates fairy woman. Irish myth: Cross.
F304.4.1. F304.4.1. Fairy ravished by mortal strikes flesh from his ear. Irish myth: *Cross.
F304.5. F304.5. Mortal chooses to sleep with fairy as boon for saving her life. Irish myth: Cross.
F304.6. F304.6. Fée carried off by mortal. Irish myth: Cross.
F305. F305. Offspring of fairy and mortal. Malone PMLA XLIII 433; *Krappe Études 119ff.; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys.
F305.1. F305.1. Fairy relative makes gifts to half-mortal child. (Cf. F340.) Irish myth: *Cross.
F305.1.1. F305.1.1. Fairy mother bestows magic powers upon half-mortal son. Irish myth: *Cross.
F305.2. F305.2. Offspring of fairy and mortal extraordinarily beautiful. Irish myth: *Cross.
F305.2.1. F305.2.1. Right half of son resembles mortal father; left half, fairy father. Irish myth: Cross.
F305.3. F305.3. Offspring of fairy and mortal has long hair and beard at birth. Irish myth: Cross.
F310. F310. Fairies and human children.
F311. F311. Fairies adopt human child. English: Wells 32 (Layamon’s Brut).
F311.1. F311.1. Fairy godmother. Attendant good fairy. *Type 715; Irish myth: Cross; Slavic: Máchal 257f.
F311.1.1. F311.1.1. Fairy godmother helps girl escape. England: *Baughman.
F311.2. F311.2. Fairy foster-father. Guardian to mortal. Irish myth: *Cross.
F311.2.1. F311.2.1. Man killed on night when fairy guardian relaxes vigilance. Irish myth: Cross.
F311.3. F311.3. Fairy foster-mother. (Cf. P270.) Irish myth: Cross.
F311.3.1. F311.3.1. Water fairy as foster-mother. Africa: Weeks Jungle 407.
F312. F312. Fairy presides at child‘s birth. Sometimes the Norns, the Fates, etc. *Type 410; BP I 439; *W. B. McDaniel Conception, Birth and Infancy in Ancient Rome and Modern Italy (Coconut Grove, Florida, 1948). – Icelandic: Nornagests þáttr (Bugge ed. 1864) 76, Corpus Poeticum Boreale I 131, *Boberg; Japanese: Ikeda.
F312.1. F312.1. Fairies bestow supernatural gifts at birth of a child. Hartland Science 204; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
F312.1.1. F312.1.1. Fairies make good wishes for newborn child. (Cf. F316.) Italian: Basile Pentamerone II 8.
F312.2. F312.2. Fairies control destinies of a mortal. Saintyves Perrault 19.
F312.3. F312.3. Three fairies sent to queen about to give birth to child. India: Thompson-Balys.
F313. F313. Fairies comb children’s hair. *Fb “ellefolk” I 241b.
F315. F315. Fairy predicts birth of child. Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “naissance”.
F316. F316. Fairy lays curse on child. (Cf. F312.1.1.) *Type 410; Icelandic: Nornagests þáttr (Bugge ed. 1864) 76, Boberg.
F316.1. F316.1. Fairy‘s curse partially overcome by another fairy’s amendment. *Type 410; Saintyves Perrault 61.
F316.2. F316.2. Fairy‘s curse partially overcome by her own amendment after being appeased. Icelandic: *Boberg.
F317. F317. Fairy predicts future greatness of newborn child. Irish myth: Cross.
F320. F320. Fairies carry people away to fairyland. *Fb “ellefolk” I 241b, “døbe” I 227; Hartland Science 163ff.; Feilberg DF V 55ff. – Irish myth: *Cross; H. Hartmann Ueber Krankheit, Tod und Jenseitsvorstellungen in Irland (Erster Teil: Krankheit und Fairyentrückung, Halle, 1942); India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda.
F321. F321. Fairy steals child from cradle. Hartland Science 98 – 106 passim; Irish myth: *Cross; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 43 No. 35; India: Thompson-Balys.
F321.0.1. F321.0.1. Child sold to fairies. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “enfant”.
F321.1. F321.1. Changeling. Fairy steals child from cradle and leaves fairy substitute. Changeling is usually mature and only seems to be a child. *BP I 368; **G. Piaschewski Der Wechselbalg (Breslau, 1935); Hdwb. d. Abergl. IX Nachträge 835 – 864; **E. Hartmann Die Trollvorstellungen in den Sagen und Märchen der skandinavischen Völker (Stuttgart, 1936) 76ff.; *Hartland Science 105 – 122, 134, 145; *Fb “skifting” III 252b. – Irish myth: Cross; England, Ireland, Wales: Baughman; Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 7, 117, 143ff., 149, 155ff., 267, Campbell Tales II 57; Icelandic: *Boberg; Danish: Kristensen Danske Sagn II (1893) 10ff., (1928) 11ff.; Norwegian: *Solheim Register 18; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 43 No. 36; Dutch: Sinninghe FFC CXXXII 58 No. 91; Slavic: Polívka Slavische Sagen vom Wechselbalg (Archiv f. Religionswissenschaft VI 151ff.), Máchal Slavic Myth. 260, 264; Armenian: Ananikian 78 (left by dragon); India: Penzer VIII 87 n. 1.
F321.1.1. F321.1.1. Changeling deceived into betraying his age. *Fb “skifting” III 252b; Rhys Celtic Folk Lore 62, 220, 223, 264, 268; Köhler-Bolte I 220; Zs. f. Vksk. XVI 414; Sikes British Goblins 2, 59f.
F321.1.1.1. F321.1.1.1. Changeling betrays his age when his wonder is excited. Usually pottage is boiled in an eggshell. The changeling: “I shall soon be a hundred years old but I never saw this done before!” *BP I 368; Hartland Science 113 – 116; E. H. Meyer Germanische Myth. 79; Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 525.
F321.1.1.2. F321.1.1.2. Changeling plays on pipe and thus betrays his maturity. Hartland Science 111. – Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 155ff.
F321. F321. Changeling dances wild dance to music, betrays maturity. England: Baughman.
F321.1.1.3. F321.1.1.3. Changeling addresses woman in verse and thus betrays maturity. Hartland Science 125.
F321.1.1.4. F321.1.1.4. Changeling shows supernatural power to work and thus betrays maturity. Hartland Science 113; England, Scotland: Baughman.
F321.1.1.5. F321.1.1.5. Changeling calculates his age by the age of the forest. “I have seen the forest grow up three times.” *BP I 369; Fb “gammel” IV 174a; Hartland Science 113ff.; Danish: Kristensen Danske Sagn I (1892) 314ff., (1928) 198ff.
F321.1.1.6. F321.1.1.6. Threat to throw on fire causes changeling to cry out and betray his nature. *BP I 369.
F321.1.1.7. F321.1.1.7. Whipping causes changeling to betray his nature. *BP I 369.
F321.1.2. F321.1.2. Characteristics of changeling.
F321.1.2.1. F321.1.2.1. Changeling has abnormal features or growth. Limbs grow too rapidly, head is too big, or he is slow to learn to walk, or the like. Hartland Science 108.
F321.1.2.2. F321.1.2.2. Changeling is always hungry, demands food all the time. England, Scotland, Wales: *Baughman.
F321.1.2.3. F321.1.2.3. Changeling is sickly (often the fairy exchanged for a baby is an elderly, infirm member of the fairy clan whom the fairies are tired of caring for). England: Baughman.
F321.1.3. F321.1.3. Exorcising a changeling. Hartland Science 122f.; Ireland: Baughman.
F321.1.4. F321.1.4. Disposing of a changeling. Hartland Science 105, 117ff.; Fb “skifting” III 252b, 253a. – Irish myth: Cross.
F321.1.4.1. F321.1.4.1. Changeling thrown into water and thus banished. Hartland Science 123f., 129. – England, Ireland: *Baughman; Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 149.
F321.1.4.2. F321.1.4.2. Changeling thrown into ravine and thus banished. Scotch: Macdougall and Calder.
F321.1.4.3. F321.1.4.3. Changeling thrown on fire and thus banished. (Cf. F321.1.4.5.) Hartland Science 120f.; England, Scotland, Ireland: *Baughman.
F321.1.4.4. F321.1.4.4. Changeling left on hill (dunghill, barrow etc.) and thus banished. Hartland Science 118, 126f.
F321.1.4.5. F321.1.4.5. When changeling is threatened with burning, child is returned. (Cf. F321.1.4.3.) Scotland: *Baughman; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 116 No. 19; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3692.
F321.1.4.6. F321.1.4.6. Changeling beaten and left outside; the mortal child is returned. England: *Baughman.
F321.1.4.7. F321.1.4.7. Mortal mother pays no attention to changeling; the mortal child is returned. Scotland: *Baughman.
F321.1.4.8. F321.1.4.8. Mother treats changeling so well that her own child is returned. England: Baughman.
F321.1.4.9. F321.1.4.9. Changeling made to believe that his house is burning up; he leaves. England, Ireland: *Baughman.
F321.1.5. F321.1.5. Water fairy changeling kept out of water too long, dies. U.S.: Baughman.
F321.2. F321.2. Charms against theft of children by fairies. Fb “forbytte” I 337b; Irish myth: Cross; Wales, Scotland: *Baughman; Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 40 No. 22; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 117 No. 22.
F321.3. F321.3. Man goes to fairyland and rescues stolen child. (Cf. F322.2.) Hartland Science 127.
F321.3.1. F321.3.1. Unbaptized child stolen by fairies found in barn and rescued. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *412.
F321.4. F321.4. Beggar returns to his mother child stolen by fairies. Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 40 No. 21.
F321.5. F321.5. Fairies appear in house and offer to dance with child. England: Baughman (F261.5).
F322. F322. Fairies steal man‘s wife and carry her to fairyland. *Krappe Études 131 n. 2; Hartland Science 133; *Krappe Revue Celtique XLVIII 94ff.; *Cross and Hitze Lancelot and Guenevere 31ff.; Irish myth: *Cross; Scotland: Macdougall and Calder 267, Baughman; England: Wells 128 (Sir Orfeo).
F322.0.1. F322.0.1. Woman carried off by water-fairy. Hartland Science 65; German: Erk-Böhme Deutsche Liederhort No. 2; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *4250.
F322.1. F322.1. Changeling bride. Fairies steal bride and leave a substitute. Hartland Science 130, 142; U.S.: Baughman.
F322.1.1. F322.1.1. Fairy borrows comb from Christian maid to comb hair of changeling bride. (Cf. F324.1.) *Fb “ellepige” I 242a.
F322.2. F322.2. Man rescues his wife from fairyland. (Cf. F321.3.) Hartland Science 133, 142; Irish myth: *Cross; English: Wells 128 (Sir Orfeo); Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman.
F322.3. F322.3. Stolen mother returns from fairyland each Sunday to minister to her children. Hartland Science 133; Scotland: *Baughman.
F322.4. F322.4. Abducted bride hidden in fairyland. Icelandic: *Boberg.
F322.5. F322.5. Rescue from fairyland. Irish myth: *Cross.
F323. F323. Fairy women take body of dead hero to fairyland. Irish myth: *Cross.
F324. F324. Girl abducted by fairy. Irish myth: *Cross.
F324.1. F324.1. Girl borrows comb and mirror from bonga (fairy): carried to fairyland when she returns them. (Cf. F322.1.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.
F324.2. F324.2. Woman beset by elves (or phantoms) drowns self. Irish myth: Cross.
F324.3. F324.3. Youth abducted by fairy. Irish myth: Cross.
F325.1. F325.1. Fairies kidnap boy when he breaks tabu by going outside mansion under earth before 12 years. India: Thompson-Balys.
F326. F326. Fairy father carries off child of mortal mother. Irish myth: Cross.
F327. F327. Family carried away to fairyland as part of bargain. Irish myth: *Cross.
F328. F328. Fairies entice people into their domain. England, Scotland: *Baughman.
F329. F329. Other fairy abductions.
F329.1. F329.1. Fairies carry off youth; he has gift of prophecy when he returns to earth (Thomas the Rhymer). Scotland: Baughman.
F329.2. F329.2. Fairies abduct young woman, return her when fight starts over her. England: Baughman.
F329.3. F329.3. Fairies take persons up in air in chariots for a fortnight or a month. The lost are finally found in fields bereft of sense and with one of the members missing. Scotland: Baughman.
F329.4. F329.4. Fairies who stay with mortals. See also F321.1. Changeling.
F329.4.1. F329.4.1. Lost fairy child found by mortals. Mortals feed, warm it, keep it until one day it hears voice calling: “Coleman Grey!” It leaves with the remark “Ho! ho! ho! My Daddy’s come!” England: *Baughman.
F329.4.2. F329.4.2. Fairy child found and cared for, but it pines away. England: Baughman.
F329.4.3. F329.4.3. Fairy captured by mortal escapes. England, Wales: *Baughman.
F330. F330. Grateful fairies. *Hdwb. d. Märch. s.v. “Geschenke des kleinen Volkes”; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “fées”.
F331. F331. Mortal wins fairies‘ gratitude by joining in their sport. Ireland, England, Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman (F286.2.).
F331.1. F331.1. Mortal wins fairies’ gratitude by joining in their dance. *Type 503; BP III 324ff.; England, Scotland, Wales: *Baughman (F379.5.); Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “bossu”; Japanese: Mitford 191, Ikeda.
F331.2. F331.2. Mortal wins fairies‘ gratitude by letting them cut his hair and shave him. *Type 503.
F331.3. F331.3. Mortal wins fairies’ gratitude by joining in their song and completing it by adding the names of the days of the week. *Type 503; *BP III 329; Japanese: Ikeda.
F331.4. F331.4. Mortal wins fairies‘ gratitude by playing for their dance. *Type 503; BP III 324ff.; *Fb “spille” III 488b; Hartland Science 180.
F332. F332. Fairy grateful for hospitality. England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales: *Baughman; Scotch: Campbell Tales II 51, Macdougall and Calder 215, 217.
F332.0.1. F332.0.1. Fairy grateful to mortal for daily food. Irish myth: Cross.
F333. F333. Fairy grateful to human midwife. (Cf. F372.1.) Hartland Science 55f.; Scotland, Ireland, Wales: *Baughman.
F334. F334. Fairy grateful to mortal for healing. Hartland Science 57; U.S.: Baughman.
F335. F335. Fairy grateful for loan. *Fb “ellefolk” I 241b.
F335.1. F335.1. Fairy grateful for loan of meal causes the vessel to remain full thereafter. (Cf. D1652.1.) Canada, Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman.
F336. F336. Fairies loyal to mortal who owns their knoll. Scotland: Baughman, Macdougall and Calder 193.
F337. F337. Fairy grateful to mortal for saving his life. (Cf. F304.5.) Irish myth: *Cross.
F337.1. F337.1. Fairy grateful to mortal for saving children’s life. Icelandic: *Boberg.
F338. F338. Fairies grateful to man who repairs their utensils or implements. England, Ireland, U.S.: *Baughman.
F339. F339. Other grateful fairies.
F339.1. F339.1. Fairy grateful for rides on man‘s back, warns him his cow is choking. Ireland: Baughman.
F339.2. F339.2. Fairies care for tulip bed out of gratitude to owner for not plucking any of blossoms. England: *Baughman.
F339.3. F339.3. Fairy grateful for returning lost fairy child.
F339.3.1. F339.3.1. Fairies do all house and farm work for family who returns lost child. England: Baughman.
F339.3.2. F339.3.2. Fairies cause all ewes to have two lambs for owner who has returned fairy child. Wales: Baughman.
F340. F340. Gifts from fairies. Type 503; BP III 324; Hdwb. d. Märch. s.v. “Elbengeschenke”, “Geschenke des kleinen Volkes”; Irish myth: *Cross; French: Saintyves Perrault 72ff.; Italian: Basile Pentamerone Introduction; India: Thompson-Balys.
F340.1. F340.1. Parting fairies leave gifts for newborn princess. India: Thompson-Balys.
F341. F341. Fairies give fulfillment of wishes. Hartland Science 55; Scotch: Campbell Tales II 51; English: Wells 32 (Layamon’s Brut); Wales: Baughman; India: Thompson-Balys.
F341.1. F341.1. Fairies give three gifts. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “dons”. Rotunda: Italian Novella.
F341.2. F341.2. Fairy ransoms self with wish. Irish myth: Cross.
F341.2.1. F341.2.1. Captured water fairy promises to make ugly man beautiful in return for her release. India: Thompson-Balys.
F342. F342. Fairies give mortal money. Hartland Science 39, 53, 56; Irish myth: Cross; English: Wells (Sir Launfal); Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “bourse”; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3594.
F342.1. F342.1. Fairy gold. Fairies give coals (wood, earth) that turns to gold. *Type 503; BP I 366, III 324ff.; Hartland Science 57; Fb “kul” II 326b, “guld” I 512, “hövlspån” I 762, “jord” II 45b. – England: Baughman; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 308 No. 2; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 47 No. 388; Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 434, Index No. *771, 3648; India: *Thompson-Balys.
F342.2. F342.2. Man borrows money from fairy (dwarf, devil). When the man brings the money back, he learns that the fairy was killed by thunder. He keeps the money. German, Swedish, Finnish-Swedish, Estonian, Livonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Ukrainian, Kashubish, and Wendish: Balys Tautosakos Darbai VI 163 – 195.
F343. F343. Other presents from fairies.
F343.0.1. F343.0.1. Fairy offers mortal choice of magic objects. (Cf. D813.) Irish myth: Cross.
F343.1. F343.1. Fairies give woman silver spoons. Hartland Science 38.
F343.2. F343.2. Fairies give hunter a dog. Irish myth: *Cross; Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 285ff.
F343.2.1. F343.2.1. Dogs as gifts from fairy. Irish myth: *Cross.
F343.3. F343.3. Fairy smith gives knight a magic sword. English: Wells 32 (Layamon’s Brut); Scotch: Campbell Tales III 122.
F343.4. F343.4. Fairies give avaricious man gift of benevolence. Hartland Science 55.
F343.5. F343.5. Fairies give beautiful clothes. Irish myth: Cross; Italian: Basile Pentamerone III No. 10.
F343.5.1. F343.5.1. Fairy gives magic cloak (and shirt). Irish myth: *Cross.
F343.6. F343.6. Bonga lends dishes to mortals. India: Thompson-Balys.
F343.7. F343.7. Fairy-wife furnishes provisions. India: Thompson-Balys.
F343.8. F343.8. Fairy leaves goats as purchase price for girl he has carried off. India: Thompson-Balys.
F343.9. F343.9. Fairy gives man horses, cattle, etc. Irish myth: *Cross; Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
F343.9.1. F343.9.1. Horses as fairy gifts. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.
F343.10. F343.10. Fairy gives warrior equipment for soldiers. Irish myth: *Cross.
F343.10.1. F343.10.1. Fairy gives person magic sword. Irish myth: *Cross.
F343.10.2. F343.10.2. Fairy gives person magic spear. Irish myth: *Cross.
F343.10.3. F343.10.3. Fairy gives person invulnerable shield. Irish myth: *Cross.
F343.11. F343.11. Fairy offers man change of form and feature for aid in battle. Irish myth: Cross.
F343.12. F343.12. Grateful fairy gives ring. Icelandic: Göngu-Hrólfs saga 277.
F343.13. F343.13. Fairy gives mortals a child. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
F343.14. F343.14. Golden cup (bowl, urn) as gifts from otherworld inhabitants. Irish myth: *Cross.
F343.15. F343.15. Magic apple as fairy gift. Irish myth: *Cross.
F343.16. F343.16. Gigantic ox rib as gift from fairies. Irish myth: *Cross.
F343.16.1. F343.16.1. Gigantic hog rib as gift from fairies. Irish myth: *Cross.
F343.17. F343.17. Fairies give haymakers dinner each year until one of men keeps a fairy knife. They give no more food even though the man returns the knife. (Cf. F353.) England: Baughman.
F343.18. F343.18. Fairies return hatchet head lost in river. England: Baughman.
F343.19. F343.19. Fairies give mortals fairy bread.
F343.19.1. F343.19.1. Fairy bread must be eaten same day it is given or it turns to toadstools. Wales: Baughman.
F343.20. F343.20. Sack of coals as fairy gift. India: Thompson-Balys.
F344. F344. Fairies heal mortals. Irish myth: *Cross.
F344.1. F344.1. Fairies remove hunchback‘s hump (or replace it). *Type 503; BP III 324ff.; RTP I 129, 186, III 582, V 690, VIII 549, IX 285, X 124, XX 389, XXII 79, XXVII 490; Clouston Tales I 352; FL XIX 324ff. – Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 205ff.; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “bossu”; cf. Japanese: Mitford 191ff., Ikeda.
F344.2. F344.2. Fairy physician can heal anyone whose spine is not severed. Irish myth: Cross.
F344.3. F344.3. Fairies give man white powder to cure mortals, replenish his supply whenever needed. England: Baughman.
F345. F345. Fairies instructs mortals. Irish myth: *Cross.
F345.1. F345.1. Fairies teach mortal to walk under water. Irish myth: *Cross.
F345.2. F345.2. Supernatural person (poet) reveals marital infidelity. Irish myth: *Cross.
F346. F346. Fairy helps mortal with labor. England, Scotland, Wales: *Baughman; Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 187; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3695; Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges; Italian: Basile Pentamerone IV No. 4; Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 181 No. 36.
F346.0.1. F346.0.1. Fairy serves mortal. Irish myth: Cross.
F346.1. F346.1. Fairies make shoes for shoemaker. German: Grimm No. 39; BP I 364.
F346.2. F346.2. Fairies build house for mortal. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 508, 510.
F347. F347. Fairy adviser. Irish myth: *Cross; Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 199, 223; Icelandic: *Boberg; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 14f.
F347.1. F347.1. Bonga made village headman and advice asked. India: Thompson-Balys.
F348. F348. Tabus connected with fairy gifts.
F348.0.1. F348.0.1. Fairy gift disappears or is turned to something worthless when tabu is broken. German: Grimm No. 182; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *771.
F348.1. F348.1. Fairy gift not to be taken to earth. Hartland Science 50.
F348.2. F348.2. Cup given by fairy not to be broken. Bad luck will follow (Luck of Edenhall). Hartland Science 156f.; Gröning Am Urquell IV 101f., 208f.; Sprenger ibid. V 34, VI 41, *191 n. 1; Grimm Deutsche Sagen No. 547.
F348.3. F348.3. Fairy gift not to leave possession of mortal‘s family. Bad luck will follow. Hartland Science 56.
F348.4. F348.4. Gifts of gold and silver not to be accepted from fairies. Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 277.
F348.5. F348.5. Mortal not to recognize fairy who gives him gift. Hartland Science 57.
F348.5.1. F348.5.1. Mortal not to betray secret of fairies‘ gift. Wales, England: *Baughman.
F348.5.1.1. F348.5.1.1. Mortal not to tell secret of gift of inexhaustible meat. India: Thompson-Balys.
F348.5.2. F348.5.2. Mortal not to thank fairy for gifts. England: *Baughman (F451.5.10.9).
F348.6. F348.6. Gifts of the fairies must never be measured or counted. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3694.
F348.7. F348.7. Tabu: telling of fairy gifts; the gifts cease. England, Wales: *Baughman.
F348.7.1. F348.7.1. Abuse of fairy gifts brings about their loss. Wales: Baughman.
F348.8. F348.8. Tabu: mortal for whom fairy works must not watch him at work. England, Scotland, Wales: *Baughman.
F348.9. F348.9. Gift barrel of ale which never runs dry goes dry when maid looks into bunghole. England: Baughman.
F348.9.1. F348.9.1. Fairy gifts turn to paper when shown. (Cf. F342.1, F348.0.1.) Wales: Baughman.
F349. F349. Gifts from fairies – miscellaneous.
F349.1. F349.1. Fairy aids mortal in flight. Irish myth: *Cross.
F349.2. F349.2. Fairy aids mortal in battle. Irish myth: *Cross.
F349.3. F349.3. Fairies exile devastating host. Irish myth: Cross.
F349.4. F349.4. Fairy promises abundant crops, etc., to mortal. Irish myth: *Cross.
F350. F350. Theft from fairies.
F351. F351. Theft of money from fairies. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
F351.1. F351.1. Theft of money from fairies by joining unperceived in their game of money-throwing. Hartland Science 139; England: *Baughman.
F351.2. F351.2. Theft of money from fairies by frightening them away from it. Hartland Science 140.
F352. F352. Theft of cup (drinking horn) from fairies. Fb “guldhorn” I 513; Kristensen Danske Sagn I (1892) 206ff., (1928) 144ff.; Icelandic: Herrmann Saxo II 590, *Boberg; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 65 No. 559.
F352.1. F352.1. Theft of cup (drinking horn) from fairies when they offer mortal drink. Hartland Science 141 – 159 passim; Boberg Festskrift til Hammerich, 1952, 53 – 61. – England: *Baughman.
F352.2. F352.2. Theft of vessel from water-deity. India: Thompson-Balys.
F353. F353. Kettle borrowed from fairies and not returned. (Cf. F343.17.) Hartland Science 244; England: *Baughman; India: Thompson-Balys.
F354. F354. Fairy‘s ornament snatched. Irish myth: Cross.
F355. F355. King’s crown stolen from fairyland. Irish myth: Cross.
F356. F356. Fairy cattle (bull, cow) stolen. Irish myth: *Cross.
F357. F357. Unsuccessful attempt to steal fairy necklace. Irish myth: *Cross.
F358. F358. Money borrowed from the fairies and not returned on time. England: *Baughman.
F359. F359. Theft from fairies – miscellaneous.
F359.1. F359.1. Eggs stolen from fairies. India: Thompson-Balys.
F359.2. F359.2. Theft of golden bird from fairies. India: Thompson-Balys.
F360. F360. Malevolent or destructive fairies (= pixies). Saintyves Perrault 83ff.; Irish: *Cross, O‘Suilleabhain 62, Beal XXI 324; Icelandic: Boberg, Papua: Ker 73.
F360.0.1. F360.0.1. Malevolent or hostile beings in otherworld. Irish myth: *Cross.
F360.1. F360.1. Fairies pursue unbaptized children. *Fb “udøbt” III 959b.
F361. F361. Fairy’s revenge. Irish myth: *Cross.
F361.1. F361.1. Fairy takes revenge for being slighted.
F361.1.1. F361.1.1. Fairy takes revenge for not being invited to feast. *Type 410; BP I 434ff.; Missouri French: Carrière.
F361.1.2. F361.1.2. Fairy takes revenge for not being offered food (drink). Irish myth: Cross.
F361.1.2.1. F361.1.2.1. Fairy takes revenge for mortal‘s failure to bring food and drink to fairy son’s wedding. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
F361.2. F361.2. Fairy takes revenge for theft. Hartland Science 141, 143; Jacobs‘s list s.v. “Red Cap”; Scotch: Campbell Tales II 52.
F361.2.1. F361.2.1. Fairy recovers stolen cup by posing as a beggar. Hartland Science 141.
F361.2.2. F361.2.2. Fairies cause man to lose his senses after he steals flower while visiting them. Wales: Baughman.
F361.2.3. F361.2.3. Fairies bind man fast to ground after he has attempted to capture fairy prince and princess. England: Baughman.
F361.2.4. F361.2.4. Fairy gifts stop when man steals fairy knife. England: Baughman.
F361.3. F361.3. Fairies take revenge on person who spies on them. Spy uses magic salve on one eye. Fairies tear out the eye. Hartland Science 66ff.; Jacob’s list s.v. “Fairy salve”. – Irish: Cross, E. Andrews Ulster Folklore (New York, 1919) 66f.; Welsh: Rhys Celtic Folklore I 63, 98f., 198, 213, 220 – 228, 241f., 292; English: FLJ II 154; Icelandic: Rittershaus 303; Färoe: Jiriczek Zs. f. Vksk. II 13 No. 14; Danish: Thiele DF II 202f.; German: Meyer Germanen 182; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3276f.; Legends Nos. 429, 431, 433, 438ff., 442, 444, 447; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 47 No. 388; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 308 No. 2; India: Thompson-Balys.
F361.3.1. F361.3.1. Fairies leave work unfinished when overseen. (Cf. F271.2.1, F271.5.) Irish myth: *Cross; England: Baughman.
F361.3.2. F361.3.2. Fairies chase person who watches them dance. England: Baughman (F261.4.)
F361.4. F361.4. Fairies take revenge on trespassers on ground they claim as theirs. *Fb “stald” III 534ab; Irish myth: *Cross; Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 191; Scotland, Ireland, U.S.: Baughman.
F361.5. F361.5. Fairies punish girl who pours hot water into their spring. Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 47 No. 392.
F361.6. F361.6. Fairies slay wooer (or his kin) of fairy maiden. Irish myth: Cross.
F361.7. F361.7. Fairies take revenge on mortals who hold their king captive. Irish myth: *Cross.
F361.8. F361.8. Fairy takes revenge for slaying of his relatives. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.
F361.9. F361.9. Fairies take revenge for being dishonored. Irish myth: Cross.
F361.10. F361.10. Fairies take revenge for being teased. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3693.
F361.11. F361.11. Fairies threaten watcher of sheep. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3696.
F361.12. F361.12. Fairies take revenge on mortals who destroy their homes. Irish myth: *Cross; Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
F361.13. F361.13. Fairies take revenge for cheating. England: Baughman.
F361.14. F361.14. Fairy punishes servant girl who fails to leave food for him. England, Wales: *Baughman.
F361.15. F361.15. Fairies punish mortals who refuse to eat fairy food given them. England, Ireland: *Baughman.
F361.16. F361.16. Fairies punish person who needs punishing because of his treatment of other mortals. (Cf. F311.1.) England, Scotland: *Baughman.
F361.17. F361.17. Other punishments by fairies.
F361.17.1. F361.17.1. Fairies lame miller who throws sod into his kiln where fairies are cooking oatmeal; the oatmeal scalds them. England: *Baughman.
F361.17.2. F361.17.2. Fairies take revenge on smith who disturbs them in the smithy when he returns after dark to get medicine. Ireland: Baughman.
F361.17.3. F361.17.3. Fairies pinch plowboy who breaks their wooden oven as he plows. England: Baughman.
F361.17.4. F361.17.4. Fairy breaks leg of servant girl who tells lies about him. Scotland: Baughman.
F361.17.5. F361.17.5. Fairies bathe children in churn when housewife forgets to leave a supply of clear water for the fairies. Ireland: Baughman.
F361.17.6. F361.17.6. Fairy kills dog that refuses to let fairy sleep in stack. Scotland: Baughman.
F361.17.7. F361.17.7. Fairy kills man who refuses his hospitality. Man refuses to visit fairy after being invited. (Cf. F361.15.) England: Baughman.
F361.17.8. F361.17.8. Fairies chase man who dares them to come chase him. He barely gets home ahead of them; they drive iron javelin through iron-covered door. (Cf. C20.) England: *Baughman.
F361.17.9. F361.17.9. Fairy mistress strikes her disobedient human lover on the face and predicts death. India: Thompson-Balys.
F362. F362. Fairies cause disease. Kittredge Witchcraft 33, 147, cf. 218; Irish myth: *Cross; Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 225; Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
F362.1. F362.1. Fairies cause blindness. Hartland Science 66ff.; India: Thompson-Balys.
F362.2. F362.2. Fairies cause insanity. *Fb “ellepige” I 242a, “ellefolk” I 241b, “sær” III 723b; Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
F362.3. F362.3. Fairies cause weakness. Irish myth: *Cross.
F362.4. F362.4. Fairy causes mutilation (injury). Irish myth: *Cross.
F363. F363. Fairies cause death. (Cf. F364.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.
F363.1. F363.1. Fairies, directed by druid, bring about death of king by causing fish-bone to stick in his throat. Irish myth: *Cross.
F363.2. F363.2. Brownie (Redcap, Redcomb, Bloody Cap) murders travelers, catches their blood in his cap. England: Baughman.
F363.3. F363.3. Sight of fairies fatal. India: Thompson-Balys.
F363.4. F363.4. Fairy’s look burns mortal to ashes. India: Thompson-Balys.
F363.5. F363.5. Fairy calls her victim only once or twice. India: Thompson-Balys.
F363.6. F363.6. Fairies tickle mortals to death. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
F364. F364. War between fairies and mortals. Irish myth: *Cross.
F364.1. F364.1. Fairy warriors sit upon mortals and thus kill them. Irish myth: *Cross.
F364.2. F364.2. Fairies wrestle with mortals. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
F364.3. F364.3. War between fairies and giants. India: Thompson-Balys.
F365. F365. Fairies steal. *Fb “ellefolk” I 241b, “stjæle” III 576a; Irish myth: *Cross; England, Scotland, Ireland: *Baughman.
F365.0.1. F365.0.1. Fairy steals on Hallowe‘en. Irish myth: Cross.
F365.1. F365.1. Fairies steal ass. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “âne”.
F365.2. F365.2. Fairies steal anchor. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “ancre”.
F365.3. F365.3. Fairies occupy peasant’s house. *Fb “hus” I 687a.
F365.4. F365.4. Fairy (bonga) steals part of crop. India: Thompson-Balys.
F365.5. F365.5. Fairies steal pieces as mortal plays draughts with fairy woman. Irish myth: Cross.
F365.6. F365.6. Fairies steal cattle (pig). Irish myth: *Cross.
F365.7. F365.7. Fairies steal cooking. Irish myth: *Cross.
F365.8. F365.8. Fairies steal wool. Icelandic: *Boberg.
F366. F366. Fairies abuse livestock.
F366.1. F366.1. Fairies milk mortal‘s cows dry. *Kittredge Witchcraft 166, 484 n. 23; Fb “ko” II 240b; England: Baughman.
F366.1.1. F366.1.1. Fairies milk mortal’s mare. Hartland Science 130.
F366.1.2. F366.1.2. Fairies admit calves to cows, depriving children of milk. Irish myth: *Cross.
F366.1.3. F366.1.3. Fairies ride farmer‘s calves. England: *Baughman.
F366.2. F366.2. Fairies ride mortal’s horses at night. *Kittredge Witchcraft 219f., 526ff. nn. 65 – 77; Fb “marelok” II 553; England, U.S.: *Baughman; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 127 No. 60; Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 44 No. 60.
F366.2.1. F366.2.1. Fairies plait manes and tails of horses. Canada, England: *Baughman.
F366.2.2. F366.2.2. Fairy rides behind man on horse. Ireland: Baughman.
F366.3. F366.3. Fairies in form of devastating animals kill flocks. Irish myth: Cross.
F366.4. F366.4. Fairies control prosperity. Irish myth: Cross.
F366.5. F366.5. Fairy hangs on to carriage on road. (Cf. E272.1.) England: Baughman.
F367. F367. Destructive fairy drink. Upon returning to earth mortal pours out drink which had been offered by fairies. It burns up whatever it touches. Hartland Science 144.
F368. F368. Human beings as game in fairy hunt. India: Thompson-Balys.
F369. F369. Malevolent fairies – miscellaneous.
F369.1. F369.1. Fairies set fire to buildings. Irish myth: *Cross.
F369.2. F369.2. Fairies defile waters Irish myth: *Cross.
F369.3. F369.3. Fairy kills mortal‘s hound (horses). Irish myth: Cross.
F369.4. F369.4. Fairy tricks mortal. Irish myth: *Cross.
F369.4.1. F369.4.1. Fairy incites mortals to war. Irish myth: *Cross.
F369.5. F369.5. Fairies destroy crops. Irish myth: *Cross.
F369.5.1. F369.5.1. Fairies snip corn from stalks. Irish myth: *Cross.
F369.6. F369.6. Fairy prevents butter coming. (Cf. D2084.2.) U.S.: Baughman.
F369.7. F369.7. Fairies lead travelers astray. (Cf. E272.10, F401.3, F491.1.) Canada, England, Ireland, U.S., Wales: *Baughman.
F369.8. F369.8. Elephants become lean from listening too much to fairy music; cannot graze. India: Thompson-Balys.
F370. F370. Visit to fairyland. BP II 329. – Irish myth: *Cross; Danish: Feilberg DF V 55ff.; Norwegian: Solheim Register 18f.; India: *Thompson-Balys.
F371. F371. Human being reared in fairyland. Irish myth: *Cross; Scotland: Baughman.
F372. F372. Fairies take human nurse to attend fairy child. Irish myth: *Cross; English: *Child I 358 No. 40; England, Scotland: Baughman; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “nourrice”.
F372.1. F372.1. Fairies take human midwife to attend fairy woman. (Cf. F333.) *Hartland Science 37 – 92; *Fb “jordemoder”; *BP I 367; Wentz Fairy Faith in Celtic Countries (London, 1911) 49f., 54, 131, 140, 175, 182; Tobler 76. – English: Child I 358ff. No. 40, II 505f., III 505f., IV 459a, V 215b, 290b; Scottish: J. G. Campbell Superstitions 147; England, Scotland, Ireland, U.S.: Baughman; Icelandic: Göngu Hrólfs saga 275ff.; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 44 No. 41; Danish: Feilberg DF V 69ff., Kristensen Danske Sagn I (1892) 330ff., (1928) 210ff.; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “sage-femme”, “fées”; India: Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda.
F372.2. F372.2. Fairies seek human godparent. *BP I 366; Hartland Science 170.
F372.2.1. F372.2.1. Old man as godfather to underground folk. Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 43 No. 56; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 126 No. 56.
F373. F373. Mortal abandons world to live in fairyland. Irish myth: *Cross.
F374. F374. Longing in fairyland to visit home. Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
F375. F375. Mortals as captives in fairyland. Irish myth: *Cross.
F376. F376. Mortal as servant in fairyland. *Hdwb. d. Märch. I 396 s.v. “Dienst bei elbischen Wesen”; Irish myth: *Cross; Danish: Feilberg DF V 84ff.; Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 440.
F376.1. F376.1. Tailor works in fairyland. Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 439, Balys Historical.
F377. F377. Supernatural lapse of time in fairyland. Years seem days. *Hartland Science 161 – 195; Jacobs’s list s.v. “Time flies”; *Child I 321 n.; *Burnham PMLA XXIII 394 n. 2; Fb “glemme” IV 181a. – Irish myth: *Cross; England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales: Baughman; Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 585; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Anesaki 265, Ikeda; Koryak: Jochelson JE VI 280; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 157, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 185, (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 177.
F377.1. F377.1. Supernatural lapse of time in paradise. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
F377.2. F377.2. Year seems few hours in otherworld. Irish myth: Cross.
F378. F378. Tabus connected with trip to fairyland. (Cf. F348.5, F361.3.)
F378.0.1. F378.0.1. Mortal expelled from fairyland for breaking tabu. India: Thompson-Balys.
F378.1. F378.1. Tabu: touching ground on return from fairyland. Hartland Science 164f.; Irish myth: *Cross; England: Baughman.
F378.2. F378.2. Tabu: bathing or touching water in lake in fairyland. India: Thompson-Balys.
F378.3. F378.3. Mortal visiting in fairyland must keep his thought on the fairies. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
F378.4. F378.4. Tabu: drinking from certain well in fairyland. Person does, finds himself alone on hillside. (Cf. C260.) Wales: *Baughman.
F378.5. F378.5. Tabu: plucking flowers from bed tended by fairies. England: *Baughman.
F378.6. F378.6. Tabu: using fairy bath water, soap, or ointment on oneself while bathing fairy child. (Cf. F235.4.) England: Baughman.
F379. F379. Fairy visits: miscellaneous.
F379.1. F379.1. Return from fairyland. Irish myth: *Cross.
F379.1.1. F379.1.1. No return from fairyland. Irish myth: *Cross.
F379.2. F379.2. Objects brought home from fairyland.
F379.2.1. F379.2.1. Book (medical) brought back from otherworld. Irish myth: Cross.
F379.2.2. F379.2.2. Tokens brought back by mortal returning from fairyland. Irish myth: *Cross.
F379.3. F379.3. Man lives with fairies seven years. Wales: Baughman.
F379.4. F379.4. Saint visits king of fairies on invitation of fairy king. Saint sprinkles holy water on fairy king, finds himself alone on hill. Wales: Baughman.
F380. F380. Defeating or ridding oneself of fairies. Irish myth: *Cross.
F381. F381. Getting rid of fairies.
F381.1. F381.1. Fairy leaves when he is named. BP I 366; cf. Type 500.
F381.2. F381.2. Fairies leaves when mortal strews peas in his path. BP I 365.
F381.2.1. F381.2.1. Escape from pursuing fairies by strewing path with bananas. Africa (Ashanti): Rattray 55.
F381.3. F381.3. Fairy leaves when he is given clothes. BP I 364; England, Scotland, U.S.: Baughman.
F381.4. F381.4. Fairy escaped by learning and using his secrets. Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 56 No. 484.
F381.5. F381.5. Fairy lured away from house by treasure which he claims. India: Thompson-Balys.
F381.6. F381.6. Fairy leaves when druid utters spell that drowns her voice. Irish myth: *Cross.
F381.7. F381.7. Fairies leave when people do their needs where they live. Icelandic: *Boberg.
F381.8. F381.8. Spinning fairies lured away from the house by fire alarm. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3698.
F381.9. F381.9. Fairies will not approach when dogs are present. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
F381.10. F381.10. Fairies leave when person watches them at work. (Cf. F348.10.)
F381.11. F381.11. Fairy leaves when given impossible tasks to do. Scotland: Baughman.
F381.12. F381.12. Fairies leave when ordered to fight each other. Scotland: Baughman.
F381.13. F381.13. Fairies leave when thanked for their work. (Cf. F451.5.10.9.)
F382. F382. Exorcising fairies. Fairies disappear when some name or ceremony of the Christian Church is used. Hartland Science 107, 127, 130, 138f., 166; Fb “Kristen” II 300, “døbe” I 227, “messevin” II 582, “trold” III 852a; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; England: Baughman; Scotch: Campbell Tales II 74; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 50 No. 416.
F382.1. F382.1. Fairies fear the cross. England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, U.S.: Baughman; Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
F382.2. F382.2. Holy water breaks fairy spell. (Cf. G303.16.7.) U.S., Wales: *Baughman.
F382.3. F382.3. Use of God‘s name nullifies fairies’ power. (Cf. D1766.7, G303.16.8.) Wales: Baughman.
F382.4. F382.4. Opening Holy Bible in presence of fairies nullifies their spells. England: Baughman.
F382.5. F382.5. Chanting song of St. Nicholas drives fairy away. U.S.: Baughman.
F382.6. F382.6. Asking grace at fairy banquet causes fairies and banquet to disappear. (Cf. G271.2.3.) England, U.S.: *Baughman.
F383. F383. Fairy rendered powerless.
F383.1. F383.1. Fairy unable to pass cross-roads. Hartland Science 142.
F383.2. F383.2. Fairy unable to cross running stream. Hartland Science 144; England, U.S.: Baughman.
F383.3. F383.3. Fairy unable to cross plowed ground. *Fb “ellefolk” I 241b.
F383.4. F383.4. Fairy must leave at cockcrow. Type 503; Hartland Science 145; Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 229.
F383.4.1. F383.4.1. Fairy prince becomes mortal when surprised by daylight. India: Thompson-Balys.
F383.4.2. F383.4.2. Fairies leave at rise of morning star. Cook Islands: Beckwith Myth 336.
F383.4.3. F383.4.3. Sunlight fatal to fairies. Maori: Clark 98.
F383.5. F383.5. Transformed fairy warriors disenchanted when attacked. Irish myth: *Cross.
F384. F384. Magic objects powerful against fairies. England: Baughman; Irish: Beal XXI 324.
F384.1. F384.1. Salt powerful against fairies.
F384.1.1. F384.1.1. Salt renders fairy mortal. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “sel”.
F384.1.2. F384.1.2. Salt sprinkled on fairy food renders it harmless. Hartland Science 128; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 523f.
F384.2. F384.2. Steel powerful against fairies. Fb “stål” III 647a; Wales, U.S.: Baughman.
F384.3. F384.3. Iron powerful against fairies. Hartland Science 163f.; Penzer II 166; Irish myth: Cross, Baughman; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 59 No. 504; Japanese: Ikeda.
F384.4. F384.4. Wearing flowers on one’s ears protects from fairies. India: Thompson-Balys.
F385. F385. Means of averting fairy spells.
F385.1. F385.1. Fairy spell averted by turning coat. This is supposed to reverse the spell. *Kittredge Witchcraft 215, 523 n. 21.
F386. F386. Fairy punished.
F386.1. F386.1. Fairy imprisoned in tree. (Cf. F386.5.) India: Thompson-Balys.
F386.1.1. F386.1.1. Fairy harper enclosed in yew-tree. Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 73.
F386.2. F386.2. Fairy punished for marrying a mortal. India: Thompson-Balys.
F386.3. F386.3. Troublesome bonga (fairy) pegged to ground and placed under stone. India: Thompson-Balys.
F386.4. F386.4. Fairy transformed as punishment. India: *Thompson-Balys.
F386.5. F386.5. Fairy imprisoned as punishment. (Cf. F386.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.
F387. F387. Fairy captured. Irish myth: *Cross.
F388. F388. Fairies depart.
F388.1. F388.1. Fairies depart to heaven. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 333.
F388.2. F388.2. Fairies depart to floating island. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 330.
F389. F389. Fairies otherwise defeated.
F389.1. F389.1. Fairies driven off with fire. *Fb “ellefolk” I 241b; India: Thompson-Balys.
F389.2. F389.2. Abduction of Christianized fairy woman by fairies prevented by saint. Irish myth: *Cross.
F389.3. F389.3. Fairy wounded by mortal. Irish myth: *Cross.
F389.4. F389.4. Fairy killed by mortal. Irish myth: *Cross.
F389.5. F389.5. Fairy defeated by druid‘s magic. Irish myth: *Cross.
F390. F390. Fairies – miscellaneous motifs.
F391. F391. Fairies borrow from mortals. *Fb “ellefolk” I 241b.
F391.1. F391.1. Animals borrowed by fairies. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “animaux”.
F391.1.1. F391.1.1. Ox lent fairies must not be worked after sunset. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “boeuf”.
F391.2. F391.2. Fairies borrow food from mortals. Scotland, Canada, U.S.: *Baughman.
F391.3. F391.3. Fairies borrow tools to make coffin. Ireland: Baughman.
F392. F392. Fairy transforms self to fly, allows self to be swallowed by woman and reborn as fairy. Malone PMLA XLIII 417.
F393. F393. Fairy visits among mortals. Irish myth: *Cross.
F393.0.1. F393.0.1. Fairy dissatisfied with fairyland leaves to live among mortals. Irish myth: *Cross.
F393.1. F393.1. Fairy minstrel lives among mortals to learn of their heroic deeds. (Cf. F262.3.) Irish myth: Cross.
F393.2. F393.2. Fairy appears to mortal each Hallowe’en. Irish myth: Cross.
F393.3. F393.3. Impoverished fairy seeks fortune among mortals. Irish myth: Cross.
F393.4. F393.4. Otherworld woman appears to mortal in sleep. Irish myth: *Cross.
F394. F394. Mortals help fairies.
F394.1. F394.1. Mortal advises fairy. Irish myth: Cross.
F394.1.1. F394.1.1. Druid directs fairies. Irish myth: *Cross.
F394.2. F394.2. Mortals aid fairies in war. Irish myth: *Cross.
F395. F395. Fairy has power to prevent mortal’s approach. Irish myth: Cross.
F396. F396. Mortals place selves under protection of fairies. Irish myth: Cross.
F397. F397. Fairy woman exhibits her figure to warriors. Is most beautiful of women. Irish myth: Cross.
F398. F398. Hair burned to summon fairies. India: Thompson-Balys.
F399. F399. Other fairy motifs.
F399.1. F399.1. Fairies bear dead warrior to fairyland. Irish myth: *Cross.
F399.2. F399.2. Fairies protect selves by means of smoke. Irish myth: Cross.
F399.3. F399.3. Fairies hate clerics. Irish myth: *Cross.
F399.4. F399.4. Playful or troublesome fairies. England: *Baughman.
F399.4.1. F399.4.1. Fairies sport with mortal. India: Thompson-Balys.

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