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Prevuius group

Group No. 95


F. Marvels

Group No.

F0 – F149

Group name

Other world journeys I


F0. F0. Journey to other world. *Patch Some Elements in Mediaeval Descriptions of the Otherworld (PMLA XXXIII 601 – 643); *Wimberly 108ff.; *Ward II 396ff.; *von Negelein Zs. f. Vksk. XI 16ff., 149ff., 263ff; *Encyc. Rel. Ethics s.v. “Other world”; *Henne-am Rhyn Das Jenseits (1881). – Irish: Nutt The Irish Vision of the Happy Otherworld and the Celtic Doctrine of Rebirth (in Meyer, The Voyage of Bran), *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 114ff.; Brown Iwain 56ff.; Icelandic: Gould Scandinavian Studies and Notes IX (1927) 190; German: *Siuts Jenseitmotive im deutschen Volksmärchen; Jewish: *Neuman; Hindu: Tawney I 58f., 417ff., 526f., II 267ff., 288ff.; Arabian: Burton Nights VIII 70, IX 181ff., S II 85ff., S IV 443ff.; Russian: Kuzenow Ueber den Glauben vom Jenseits und den Todtenkultus der Tcheremissen (Internationales Archiv für Ethnographie IX No. 4, X No. 2); Melanesia (Ysabel): Codrington 365, (Mono-Alu-Fauru): Wheeler 21f., 33, (Buin): ibid. 47, (Papua): Ker 7; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 330 n. 192.
F0.1. F0.1. Names for otherworld. Irish myth: *Cross.
F1. F1. Journey to otherworld as dream or vision. *Loomis White Magic 52. – Irish myth: *Cross; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 25.
F2. F2. Translation to otherworld without dying. (Cf. F12.3.) India: Thompson-Balys.
F2.1. F2.1. Supernatural husband takes mortal wife with him to heaven. India: Thompson-Balys.
F3. F3. Journey to otherworld as invasion. Irish myth: *Cross.
F4. F4. Journey to otherworld as hunt. Irish myth: *Cross.
F5. F5. Journey to otherworld as penance. Irish myth: Cross.
F6. F6. Departure to otherworld (fairyland) attributed to death. Irish myth: *Cross.
F7. F7. Journey to otherworld with angel. Jewish: Neuman.
F10 – F79.
F10. F10. Journey to upper world. Most references for F0 discuss this motif. Chauvin VII 54ff. No. 77. – Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 332 n. 2 (Dionysus and Semele); India: *Thompson-Balys, Tawney II 483; Chinese: Werner 224, 282; Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 460, 515; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 311 n. 118; S. A. Indian (Kariri, Shipaya): Métraux MAFLS XL 25; Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 97 No. 18, (Fjort): Dennett 74 No. 16, (Ekoi): Talbot 71, 184, 344, (Congo): Weeks 202 No. 1, 217 No. 12, (Zulu): Callaway 147, (Ila [Rhodesia]): Smith and Dale II 348.
F10.1. F10.1. Return from upper world. Indonesia: De Vries’ list No. 165.
F10.2. F10.2. Man taken to upper world sees all that happens on earth. Jewish: Neuman.
F11. F11. Journey to heaven (upper-world paradise). Types 800 – 809; K. Kahler Heaven and Hell in Comparative Religion (New York, 1923). – Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Hartland Science 193; Jewish: *Neuman; Arabian: Burton Nights II 197n.; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 606, II 294; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 183; Korean: Zong in-Sob 171; Melanesia: Wheeler 21f., Codrington II 1, Ker 7; N. A. Indian (Thompson River): Teit MAFLS XI 53 No. 34; S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 177.
F11.1. F11.1. Journey to heaven in trance. Hartland Science 189; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
F11.2. F11.2. Man goes to heaven without dying. (Cf. D1856, F2.) Jewish: *Neuman.
F11.3. F11.3. Man goes to heaven for limited time. Jewish: *Neuman.
F12. F12. Journey to see deity. Usually to the upper world. *Type 460A; *Aarne FFC XXIII 124. – Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G. 3/79); Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 18, 184.
F12.1. F12.1. Journey to sky-god. Chinese: Graham.
F12.2. F12.2. Grieving mortal taken by god of the dead up to otherworld to identify his son, who has just died. India: Thompson-Balys.
F12.3. F12.3. Men taken by Brahma to Siva so they can petition him personally. India: Thompson-Balys.
F12.4. F12.4. Journey to heaven to see Buddha. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 183.
F13. F13. Man admitted into heaven but must not find fault. *Type 801; BP III 297.
F15. F15. Visit to star-world. Chinese: Graham; N. A. Indian: **Thompson The Star-Husband Tale 93 – 163; *Thompson Tales 311 n. 118c; S. A. Indian (Cherentes, Amazon): Alexander Lat. Am. 308, (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 41, (Chaco): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (1) 369.
F15.1. F15.1. Man seeks his mother (star-maiden) in upper world. Chinese: Graham.
F16. F16. Visit to land of moon. India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 515, (Greenland): Rasmussen II 30, Rink 440, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 598; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 131 No. 12.
F17. F17. Visit to land of the sun. *Type 461; *Aarne FFC XXIII 115ff. – N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 311 n. 118b; Aztec: Alexander Lat. Am. 82, 90; Africa: Werner African 233, (Angola): Chatelain 131 No. 12.
F30. F30. Inhabitant of upper world visits earth. India: Thompson-Balys.
F31. F31. Child of deity visits earth. India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 342, 359, 389, (Ila, Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 347.
F31.1. F31.1. Child of deity stolen and brought down to earth. India: Thompson-Balys.
F32. F32. God visits earth. Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 1003; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 3; Africa (Fang): Einstein 94, Trilles 137, (Ila [Rhodesia]): Smith and Dale II 348.
F32.1. F32.1. God descends to found royal dynasty. Tonga: Gifford 28.
F33. F33. Cloud-folk visit earth. Africa (Congo): Weeks 205 No. 3.
F34. F34. Temptress sent from upper world by deity (Pandora). Greek: Grote I 72.
F35. F35. Divine animal visits earth.
F35.1. F35.1. Divine cow descends to earth. India: Thompson-Balys.
F35.2. F35.2. Divine elephant comes down from heaven to feed and disport himself. India: Thompson-Balys.
F50. F50. Access to upper world.
F51. F51. Sky-rope. Access to upper world by means of a rope. BP II 511 (Gr. No. 112); Fb “reb” III 25b. – Icelandic: Gering Islensk Æventyri II 166f.; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Japanese: Ikeda; Korean: Zong in-Sob 24, 227; Oceanic (Indonesia, Melanesia, Polynesia): Dixon 66, 156f, 160, Beckwith Myth 255, (Tonga): Gifford 20; N. A. Indian: Hatt Asiatic Influences 48ff., *Thompson Tales 283 n. 48, (California): Gayton and Newman 78; Maya: Alexander Lat. Am. 153; S. A. Indian (Warrau): Kirchoff BBAE CXLIII (3) 880, Alexander Lat. Am. 271, (Toba, Mataco): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 448, MAFLS XL 101 – 103; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 10, 12.
F51.0.1. F51.0.1. Sky-rope shot by means of arrow. Indonesia: Kruyt Het animisme 494.
F51.0.2. F51.0.2. Four sky-ropes. Irish myth: *Cross.
F51.1. F51.1. Special kinds of sky-rope.
F51.1.1. F51.1.1. Spider-web sky-rope. (Cf. F101.7.) Spider makes web on which ascent or descent is accomplished. India: Thompson-Balys; Oceanic (Hawaii, New Zealand, New Hebrides, Caroline Is.): Dixon 59, 66, (Maori): Clark 163f., (Hawaii): Beckwith Myth 254f., 530; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 332 n. 201; Arawak and Carib: Alexander Lat. Am. Myth. 274; Africa: Werner African 132ff., (Baluyi, Basubiya, Congo, Angola): Chatelain 135, (Fjort): Dennett 74 No. 16.
F51.1.2. F51.1.2. Vine as sky-rope. Indonesia: Dixon 66; Mono-Alu, Fauru: Wheeler 21f.; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 33; N. A. Indian: Thompson Star Husband 130; S. A. Indian (Eastern Brazil): Lowie BBAE CXLIII (3) 434.
F51.1.3. F51.1.3. Stalk as sky-rope. *Type 804.
F51.1.4. F51.1.4. Chaff sky-rope. Fb “hakkelse” I 535.
F51.1.5. F51.1.5. Rope of god’s own hair. India: Thompson-Balys.
F51.1.5.1. F51.1.5.1. Heavenly being‘s hair as sky-rope. Australia: Howitt-Siebert JAI XXXIV (1904) 121.
F51.1.6. F51.1.6. Iron chain hanging from heaven. Korean: Zong in-Sob 10.
F51.1.7. F51.1.7. Sky-rope of mucus. S. A. Indian (Yuracare): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 504.
F51.2. F51.2. Sky-basket. Ascent to or descent from upper world in a basket. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 355 n. 283.
F51.2.1. F51.2.1. Ascent to upper world on seat attached to cord. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 110.
F52. F52. Ladder to upper world. *Frazer Old Testament II 52ff.; *Toldo IV 59; Gaster Thespis 400. – Irish myth: Cross; Egyptian: Müller 176; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 126; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 333 n. 204; Hatt Asiatic Influences 48ff.; S. A. Indian (Brazil): Oberg 109; Africa: Werner African 136, (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 97 No. 18; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 11 n. 2.
F52.1. F52.1. Ladder of glass to upper world. Irish myth: *Cross.
F52.2. F52.2. Columns of smoke as ladder to upper world. (Cf. F61.3.1.) Jewish: Neuman.
F53. F53. Ascent to upper world on arrow chain. Hero shoots arrows which join one another in the air to form a chain. *Pettazzoni The Chain of Arrows, the Diffusion of a Mythical Motive (FL XXXV 151); – Indonesia. Voorhoeve 142; Oceanic (Australia, New Hebrides, Aurora, Whitsuntide, Torres Is., New Guinea): Dixon 139 n. 19, 293f.; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 333 n. 203, Hatt Asiatic Influences 40ff.; S. A. Indian: *Lowie BBAE CXLIII (3) 55, *Ehrenreich Mythen u. Legend der südamerikanischen Urvölker 50, (Guarayú): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 438, RMLP XXXIII 147, (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 156, 164, BBAE CXLIII (3) 484, (Tupinamba): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 132, (Jibaros, Ecuador): Karsten Myths of the Jibaros (cited from Boas JAFL XXXII 446).
F54. F54. Tree to upper world. Type 1960G; *BP II 511; Köhler-Bolte I 322; S. Solymossy Revue des études hongroises VI (1928) 311 – 336 No. 2. – Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “branche”, “paradis”; Egyptian: Müller 176; Sumatra: Dixon 160; Tonga: Gifford 25, 39, Beckwith Myth 482; Hawaii: ibid. 232; Samoa: ibid. 486; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 332 n. 200; S. A. Indian (Cariri): Lowie BBAE CXLIII (1) 559, Métraux MAFLS XL 26, (Langua): Métraux ibid. 106, (Toba): Métraux ibid. 45; Africa: Werner African 136f.
F54.1. F54.1. Tree stretches to sky. Type 1960G; BP II 511. – India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda; Indonesia: De Vries Volksverhalen II 381 Nos. 146, Dixon 239; Tonga, Dobu, San Cristobal: Beckwith Myth 486; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 332 n. 199, Alexander N. Am. 48, Hatt Asiatic Influences 48ff. (Zuñi): Parsons JAFL XXIX 392; S. A. Indian (Charentes): Alexander Lat. Am. 308; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 344, (Congo): Weeks 202 No. 1, (Boloki): Weeks Cannibals 202; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 9.
F54.2. F54.2. Plant grows to sky. (Jack and the Beanstalk). *Types 328A, 555, 852; BP I 147, *II 511; *MacCulloch Childhood 432ff.; Köhler-Bolte I 102; *Fb “træ” III 867b; Fischer Zs. f. Ethnographie LXIV 236. – Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “fève”; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *1416A; England, U.S., Australia: Baughman (Type 328A); Chinese: Graham; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 286; Jamaica: *Beckwith MAFLS XVII 283 No. 114.
F55. F55. Mountain reaches to sky. *Holmberg Baum 39f., 42f.; *Patch PMLA XXXIII 617 n. 56; MacCulloch Childhood 437; Wimberly 405. – German: *Siuts Jenseitsmotive 57; Egyptian: Müller 176; Maori: Clark 158; S. A. Indian (Mundurucu): Alexander Lat. Am. 308, (Ackawoi): ibid. 270; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 184.
F55.1. F55.1. Mountain stretches to sky. India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian (Maidu): Powers Contributions to N. A. Ethnology III 341, (Ts’ets‘aut): Boas JAFL X 38.
F55.2. F55.2. Rocks piled up to sky. India: Thompson-Balys.
F56. F56. Sky-window. An opening into the sky gives access to upper world. Gaster Thespis 181; Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Werner 225; Melanesian: Codrington 365; Indonesia: Voorhoeve 64, (Sumatra, Kei Island): Dixon 156; Tonga: Gifford 149; Koryak: Jochelson JE VI 301, 307; Eskimo (Labrador): Hawkes GSCan XIV 153, (West Hudson Bay): Boas BAM XV 339, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 599, (Greenland): Rink 468, Rasmussen III 165, 170, Holm 80; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 278 n. 28, Hatt Asiatic Influences 64; S. A. Indian (Warrau): Alexander Lat. Am. 271, Kirchoff BBAE CXLIII (3) 880, (Mojo): ibid (3) 424, (Sherente): Lowie ibid. (1) 515.
F56.1. F56.1. Sky-window from digging or uprooting plant (tree) in upper world. Chinese: Werner 224f.; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 332 n. 197.
F56.2. F56.2. Bird pecks hole in sky-roof to give access to upper world. Africa (Fjort): Dennett DFLS XLI 74ff. No. 16.
F56.3. F56.3. Sky-window at horizon. Tonga: Gifford 149; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 467.
F57. F57. Road to heaven. India: Thompson-Balys; Africa: Werner African 233.
F57.1. F57.1. Narrow road to heaven. Wimberly 405. – Irish: O’Suilleabhain 63, Beal XXI 324; Kachin: Scott Indo-Chinese 265; Eskimo (Labrador): Hawkes GSCan XIV 153.
F57.2. F57.2. Person‘s tongue as path to sky. India: Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 499.
F57.3. F57.3. Path to heaven on beard. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 256.
F57.4. F57.4. Wall as path to upper world. Polynesia: Beckwith Myth 255.
F58. F58. Tower (column) to upper world. *Holmberg Baum 9ff., 33ff.
F59. F59. Access to upper world – miscellaneous.
F59.1. F59.1. Man stretches self till he reaches other world. Greek: Fox 36 (Dionysus); Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 476.
F59.2. F59.2. Pursuit of game leads to upper world. N. A. Indian (Iroquois): Alexander N. Am. 26.
F59.3. F59.3. Gate to upper world. Jewish: *Neuman.
F60. F60. Transportation to or from upper world.
F61. F61. Person wafted to sky.
F61.1. F61.1. Ascent to sky on cloud. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 271 n. 2 (Hercules); Jewish: *Neuman; Chinese: Werner 282.
F61.2. F61.2. Ascent to sky on feather. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 311 n. 118a.
F61.2.1. F61.2.1. Ascent to sky by sticking to magic feather. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 311 n. 118a (a large proportion of the references given).
F61.2.1.1. F61.2.1.1. Descent from upper world on magic feather (like ladder). Africa (Shangani): Bourhill and Drake 43ff. No. 5.
F61.2.2. F61.2.2. Ascent to sky on eagle-down rope. N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 66.
F61.3. F61.3. Transportation from heaven in mist. Irish myth: Cross.
F61.3.1. F61.3.1. Ascent to upper world in smoke. India: Thompson-Balys; Caroline Islands: H. Damm Zentralcarolinen (Hamburg, 1938) II 88; New Hebrides: C. B. Humphreys The Southern New Hebrides (Cambridge (Eng.), 1926) 98; Yap: W. Müller Yap (Hamburg, 1918) II 666, 685, 695.
F62. F62. Bird carries person to or from upper world.
F62.0.1. F62.0.1. Bird flies to upper world. Chinese: Graham.
F62.1. F62.1. Birds carry person to upper world. *Chauvin VII 84 No. 373bis n. 2. – India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 18.
F62.2. F62.2. Birds carry person from upper world. N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 460 No. 98.
F62.3. F62.3. Cock carries god to upper world. India: Thompson-Balys.
F63. F63. Person carried to upper world by deity (spirit). India: *Thompson-Balys; S. A. Indian (Tapirape): Wagley-Baldao BBAE CXLIII (3) 178; Africa (Ila, Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 348.
F63.1. F63.1. Mortal taken to heaven by heavenly maidens. India: Thompson-Balys.
F63.2. F63.2. Mortal taken to heaven by angel. Jewish: *Neuman.
F63.3. F63.3. Mortal taken to heaven by sun. Melanesia (Ysabel): Codrington 357.
F63.4. F63.4. Ascent to upper world by holding on to morning star. Papua: Ker 7.
F64. F64. Journey to upper world by keeping thoughts continually on heaven. N. A. Indian (Thompson River): Teit MAFLS XI 56 No. 34.
F65. F65. Giant shot into upper world by means of magic bow. N. A. Indian: Alexander N. Am. 163.
F65.1. F65.1. Ascent to upper world on arrow. (Cf. F53.) New Hebrides: Beckwith Myth 487.
F66. F66. Journey to upper world on horseback. Jewish: *Neuman; Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 441.
F66.1. F66.1. Journey to upper world in chariot. Jewish: *Neuman.
F66.1.1. F66.1.1. Journey to sky-world by riding unseen in supernatural wife’s chariot. India: Thompson-Balys.
F67. F67. White sheep carries to upper world, black to lower. *Cosquin Contes indiens 486ff.
F68. F68. Ascent to upper world by magic. India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda; Maori: Beckwith Myth 250; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Star Husband 120f.; Africa: Werner African 136.
F75. F75. Ascent to heaven by holding on to elephant‘s tail. India: *Thompson-Balys.
F76. F76. Time involved in upper world journey.
F76.1. F76.1. Five hundred years to journey from earth to heaven. Jewish: Neuman.
F80 – F109.
F80. F80. Journey to lower world. *Types 301, 650, BP II 300; *Siuts Jenseitsmotive 50ff.; Wimberly 128; Jacob’s list s.v. “Underworld”; Tylor Primitive Culture 4th ed. (1903) II 65. – Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 321, *Hilda R. Ellis The Road to Hell, a Study in the Conception of the Dead in Old Norse Literature (London, 1943), 170ff., *Boberg; Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “souterrain”; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 25; Finnish: Kalevala rune 25; *Fb “underjordiske” III 975b; Greek: Grote I 189; Jewish: *Neuman; Gaster Oldest Stories 51, Thespis 183ff., 195; India: Thompson-Balys; Indonesian: Dixon 213 n. 12, 215, De Vries‘ list No. 161; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 199f.; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 151, Thalbitzer 7, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 241; N. A. Indian (Arikara): Alexander N. Am. 108; S. A. Indian (Quiché): Alexander Lat. Am. 170; Africa (Zanzibar): Bateman 201 No. 10, (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 89 No. 16, (Zulu): Callaway 317f.
F80.1. F80.1. Physical features of underworld. Note: physical features of underworld of dead (F81) are listed under A671 – A679. Some features of the underworld also appear in F130ff.
F80.1.1. F80.1.1. Castle in lower world. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “château”.
F80.1.2. F80.1.2. Darkness of lower world. Jewish: *Neuman; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 78, III 58, (Labrador): Hawkes GSCan XIV 154B.
F81. F81. Descent to lower world of dead (Hell, Hades). Andrejev FFC LXIX 71f., *231n.; *MacCulloch Encyc. Rel. Ethics IV 648ff.; Oertel Studien zur vgl. Literaturgeschichte VIII 123; Aarne FFC XXIII 115ff., 129ff.; BP III 465; Köhler-Bolte I 133; Zemmrich Internationales Archiv für Ethnographie IV 217; Hull FL XVIII 121; *Fb “helvede” I 589a, “gjedebuk” I 440b, “Cyprianus” I 166b. – Irish: *Cross, Beal XXI 320, 324, O’Suilleabhain 53, 63; Icelandic: *Boberg; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “visite”, “enfer”; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 299 No. 17, 313 No. 79; Finnish: Kalevala rune 16; Greek: Roscher Lexikon I 22 s.v. “Archilleus”, Fox 105, 137, 145, Frazer Apollodorus I 234 nn. 1, 2, 332 n. 2; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; New Guinea: Ker 81; Mono-Alu: Wheeler 33; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 464; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 165, 180, (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 489; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 337 n. 216; Araucanian: Alexander Lat Am. 330f.; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 225 No. 40, 249 No. 50, (Ekoi): Talbot 7, 34, 46, 56, 63, 99, 233, 238, 280, (Yoruba): Ellis 244 No. 1, (Bantu): Einstein 194f.
F81.1. F81.1. Orpheus. Journey to land of dead to bring back person from the dead. **E. Maass Orpheus (München, 1895); Frazer Pausanias V 154; Cosquin Études 188ff. – Irish myth: *Cross; England: Child I 215ff., Wells 128 (Sir Orfeo); Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 130; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 17 n. 7, von den Steinen Zs. f. Vksk. XXV 260; Babylonian: Spence 125ff. (Ishtar); Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 491; India: Thompson-Balys, Keith 161 (Savitri); Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 198f., Graham; Japanese: Anesaki 223; Indonesia: De Vries‘s list No. 160; Oceanic (New Zealand, Mangaia, Hawaii, Samoa, New Hebrides, Bankes Island, German New Guinea): Dixon 72 – 78; Maori: Clark III; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 269, 298, Rasmussen III 59, 167; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 337 n. 215, Hatt Asiatic Influences 65ff., **Gayton The Orpheus Myth in North America (JAFL XLVIII 263 – 293), E. W. Voegelin JAFL LX 52 – 58, (California): Gayton and Newman 99; Surinam: Alexander Lat. Am. 275; Africa: Werner African *138ff., 196.
F81.1.1. F81.1.1. Wife goes to land of dead to procure dead husband’s heart. India: Thompson-Balys.
F81.1.2. F81.1.2. Journey to land of dead to visit deceased. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 199f.
F81.2. F81.2. Journey to hell to recover devil‘s contract. Type 756B; *Andrejev FFC LXIX 71ff.
F81.3. F81.3. Journey to hell to circumcize child. Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas VI 63ff., 308.
F81.4. F81.4. Journey to hell to retrieve soul of mother. Irish myth: Cross.
F81.5. F81.5. Journey to lower world to get treasures. Icelandic: Herrmann Saxo II 583ff.
F81.6. F81.6. Souls redeemed from hell in shape of sheep. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *730.
F83. F83. Hell of women in south of otherworld. India: Thompson-Balys.
F85. F85. Ishtar unveiled. Goddess going to lower world passes through seven gates, at each of which she is divested of a garment till she is entirely unclothed. Babylonian: Spence 130.
F87. F87. Journey to otherworld to secure bride. Africa (Cameroon): Rosenhuber 41ff.
F90. F90. Access to lower world. **Hilda R. Ellis, The Road to Hell (London, 1943) 170ff.
F91. F91. Door (gate) entrance to lower world. Irish: O’Suilleabhain 33, 58, Beal XXI 311, 323; Gaster Oldest Stories 152; Jewish: *Neuman; New Zealand: Dixon 73; Africa: Werner African 184.
F91.1. F91.1. Slamming door on exit from mountain otherworld. It (almost) injures the hero because he has failed to bring back the talisman which opened the mountain. *Krappe Balor 108ff.; Gaster Oldest Stories 46.
F92. F92. Pit entrance to lower world. Entrance through pit, hole, spring, or cavern. *Type 301; *BP II 300ff.; Penzer VI 108f.; *Siuts Jenseitsmotive 50; *Roberts 140. – Irish myth: Cross (F158), Beal XXI 311, 324, 329, O‘Suilleabhain 33, 91; Icelandic: Herrmann Saxo II 103, MacCulloch Eddic 320; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “puits”; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 25; Greek: Fox 88, 143; Gaster Thespis 183f.; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Korean: Zong in-Sob 167; Marquesas: Handy 110; Maori: Clark 100; Eskimo (Labrador): Hawkes GSCan XV 153; S. A. Indian (Tereno): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (1) 367; Africa: Werner African 175, 184, 195.
F92.1. F92.1. Visit to lower world through hole made by lifting clumps of grass. Type 425, 480; *Roberts 140; Tegethoff 15. – Greek: Fox 227 (Proserpine); Oceanic (New Zealand, Samoa, Nieue Island): Dixon 47f.
F92.2. F92.2. Person swallowed up by earth and taken to lower world. India: Thompson-Balys.
F92.2.1. F92.2.1. Girl gathering flowers swallowed up by earth and taken to lower world. Greek: Fox 227 (Proserpine); Oceanic (Mangaia [Cook Group]): Dixon 74.
F92.3. F92.3. Visit to lower world through opening rocks. Rocks open with a charm. Oceanic (New Zealand, Samoa, Mangaia): Dixon 48.
F92.4. F92.4. Entrance to lower world through mountain. Patch PMLA XXXIII 614 n. 48. – Irish myth: Cross; Babylonian: Gilgamesch-Epos IX; Chinese: Graham.
F92.5. F92.5. Entrance to lower world by making hole in ground. India: *Thompson-Balys.
F92.6. F92.6. Entrance to lower world through cave. England: *Baughman.
F92.7. F92.7. Hole to underworld kingdom of snakes. India: Thompson-Balys.
F93. F93. Water entrance to lower world. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys.
F93.0.1. F93.0.1. Boat to lower world. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.
F93.0.1.1. F93.0.1.1. Ferryman to lower world. Feilberg Sjæletro 65ff.; Frobenius Erlebte Erdteile VI 278f. – Icelandic: Boberg; Greek: Fox 142.
F93.0.2. F93.0.2. Under-water entrance to lower world. *Siuts 54.
F93.0.2.1. F93.0.2.1. Well entrance to lower world. Type 480; *Roberts 140.
F93.1. F93.1. River entrance to lower world. Wimberly 108ff.; Kruyt Het Animisme 357ff., Hdwb. d. Abergl. II 1157, IV 196; Frobenius Erdteile III 69, 73, 76. – Icelandic: Herrmann Saxo II 103, MacCulloch Eddic 320, Boberg; Finnish: Kalevala rune 16; Greek: Roscher Lexikon s.v. “Acheron” I 9; Egyptian: Müller 176; Aztec: Krickeberg Märchen der Azteken 146, 215.
F93.1.1. F93.1.1. Dead place net across river to prevent living man from returning to earth. (Cf. F105.) Finnish: Kalevala rune 16.
F93.2. F93.2. Lake entrance to lower world. Africa: Werner African 186.
F94. F94. Stair to lower world. *Siuts 54.
F95. F95. Path to lower world. *Siuts 53; Child V 500 s.v. “Ways”. – Icelandic: Boberg.
F95.0.1. F95.0.1. Path to world of dead. India: Thompson-Balys.
F95.1. F95.1. Path from grave to lower world. Africa (Angola): Chatelain 224 No. 40.
F95.2. F95.2. Broad path to hell. Kachin: Scott Indo-Chinese 265.
F95.3. F95.3. Perilous path to hell. Icelandic: Boberg.
F95.4. F95.4. Path to underworld marked by knots tied in grass by spirits. Maori: Clark 48.
F95.5. F95.5. Tree as roadway to underworld. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 156.
F96. F96. Rope to lower world. *Type 301; *BP II 300ff. – India: *Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 147.
F98. F98. Descent to lower world on animal.
F98.1. F98.1. Trip to lower world on tiger. India: Thompson-Balys.
F100. F100. Visit to lower world – miscellaneous motifs.
F101. F101. Return from lower world. Indonesia: De Vries‘s list Nos 162, 164.
F101.1. F101.1. Return from lower world up steep slope. New Zealand: Dixon 73.
F101.2. F101.2. Return from lower world by being slung by bent tree. New Zealand: Dixon 78.
F101.3. F101.3. Return from lower world on eagle. *Type 301; *BP II 300; Penzer VI 122 n. 2. See references under B322.1, nearly all of which refer to escape from lower world. Indonesia: De Vries Volksverhalen I 161ff. No. 35.
F101.3.1. F101.3.1. Return from lower world on vulture. India: Thompson-Balys.
F101.4. F101.4. Escape from lower world by magic. Thompson CColl II 336ff. (Tehuano, Shuswap).
F101.5. F101.5. Escape from lower world on miraculously growing tree. India: *Thompson-Balys.
F101.6. F101.6. Ascent from lower world on animal. (Cf. F98.).
F101.6.1. F101.6.1. Escape from lower world on bird. India: Thompson-Balys.
F101.6.2. F101.6.2. Escape from lower world on horse of lightning. India: Thompson-Balys.
F101.7. F101.7. Escape from lower world by spider’s thread. India: Thompson-Balys.
F101.8. F101.8. Man returning from hell brings heat with him. Jewish: *Neuman.
F102. F102. Accidental arrival in lower world.
F102.1. F102.1. Hero shoots monster (or animal) and follows it into lower world. *Type 301; *Krappe Balor 100 nn. 22, 23; *De Vries Nederlandsche Tijdschrift voor Volkskunde (1924) 97 – 123. – Indonesia: De Vries‘s list No. 163, Dixon 213 n. 12; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 99.
F102.2. F102.2. Sound of drum followed into ghost town. Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 7, 34.
F102.3. F102.3. Rescued princess leaves her necklace behind in flight; hero returns for it and is left in underworld. India: Thompson-Balys.
F102.4. F102.4. Boy follows nut into lower world. Africa (Cameroon): Mansfield 226f.
F105. F105. Dead oppose return of living from land of the dead. (Cf. F93.1.1.) Icelandic: Herrmann Saxo II 596 – 97, 602, MacCulloch Eddic 321, Boberg; Finnish: Kalevala rune 16.
F106. F106. Youths grind in mill of underworldlings. Fb “male”.
F107. F107. Youths tutored by Vulcan, smith of Hell. Irish myth: Cross.
F108. F108. Nature of underworld inhabitants.
F108.1. F108.1. People in lower world tall as a broom. Chinese: Graham.
F108.2. F108.2. People of lower world come out in the evenings to drink and dance. India: Thompson-Balys.
F109. F109. Visit to lower world – additional motifs.
F109.1. F109.1. Visit to lower world made head first. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 148.
F109.2. F109.2. Hell shown to Jonah by fish. Jewish: Neuman.
F110 – F199.
F110. F110. Journey to terrestrial otherworlds. *Graf Miti, leggendi e superstizioni de medio evo I 1ff.; Gaster Oldest Stories 51, 168. – Irish myth: *Cross.
F110.1. F110.1. Wonder voyages. **Jacobs Book of Wonder Voyages; *Chauvin VII 77ff.; Ward II 516ff.; Krappe Philological Quarterly XXIII (1944) 97 – 107. – Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Japanese: Anesaki 363; Indonesian: De Vries’s list No. 183; Africa (Benga): Nassau 208 No. 33.
F111. F111. Journey to earthly paradise. Land of happiness. (Cf. F132.1.) **Nutt in Meyer Voyage of Bran I 105ff.; Patch *Other World 381 s.v. “paradise”; *Graf La leggenda del paradiso terrestre (Torino, 1878); *BP IV 269 n. 1; Gaster Oldest Stories 48; Norlind Skattsägner 88ff.; Hartland Science 194, 199, 202; *Loomis White Magic 116. – Irish myth: *Cross; English: Wells 145 (Parthenope of Blois); *Celtic: K. Zimmer Brendans Meerfahrt (Zeitschrift für deutsche Altertum XXXIII [1889] 129 – 220, 257 – 338); Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman; Hindu: Tawney I 525; Chinese: Giles 8ff., 397ff.
F111.0.1. F111.0.1. Four earthly paradises. Irish myth: *Cross.
F111.0.2. F111.0.2. Swineherd finds terrestrial paradise while looking for lost sow. England, U.S.: *Baughman.
F111.1. F111.1. Journey to Isle of Laughter. Irish myth: *Cross.
F111.2. F111.2. Voyage to Land of Promise. Irish: Plummer xxxvii, xli, *Cross.
F111.2.1. F111.2.1. Island of Tir Tairngire (Land of Promise) cannot be reached in boat made of “dead soft skins of animals.” Irish myth: Cross.
F111.3. F111.3. Voyage to Land of Lotus Eaters. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 280 n. 2.
F111.4. F111.4. Paradise of the Blessed, a subterranean world. India: Thompson-Balys.
F111.5. F111.5. Land where all creatures are friendly to one another. India: Thompson-Balys.
F111.6. F111.6. Voyage to land without evil. S. A. Indian (Guaraní): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 94.
F112. F112. Journey to Land of Women. Island of women, land of maidens, country of the Amazons, etc. *Patch PMLA XXXIII 624 n. 81, Other World *381 s.v. “maidenland”; Hartland Science 202. – Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Fox 109, 111; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 390f.; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth XXXVI; Marquesas: Handy 56, Beckwith Myth 472, 502; West Indies: Flowers 432.
F112.0.1. F112.0.1. Fairyland (Ireland) inhabited (settled) by women only. Irish myth: *Cross.
F112.0.1.1. F112.0.1.1. Journey to island inhabited by only one (beautiful) woman. Irish myth: *Cross.
F112.0.2. F112.0.2. Separation of sexes in otherworld. Irish myth: Cross.
F112.1. F112.1. Man on Island of Fair Women overcome by loving women. Irish myth: *Cross; Oceanic: Dixon 66, 140, 141 n. 22; N. A. Indian (Assiniboin): Lowie PaAM IV 106 No. 6, (Cree): Skinner PaAM IX 87.
F112.2. F112.2. City of women. (Cf. F566.2.) Jewish: *Neuman.
F113. F113. Land of men. Irish myth: Cross.
F114. F114. Journey inside the earth. Chinese: Graham.
F115. F115. Journey to the Land of the Unborn. Zemmrich Internationales Archiv für Ethnologie IV 231. Cf. Maeterlinck’s “L‘Oiseau Bleue”.
F116. F116. Journey to the Land of the Immortals. Type 313*; Irish myth: *Cross.
F116.1. F116.1. Voyage to the Land of Youth. Irish myth: *Cross.
F117. F117. Journey to the Land of the Thunders. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 334 n. 206, (Cherokee): Alexander N. Am. 69; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 202, 359.
F118. F118. Journey to Mother of Time. Italian: Basile Pentamerone IV No. 8.
F121. F121. Journey to world of spirits. India: Thompson-Balys.
F122. F122. Journey to land of giants. Irish myth: Cross (F129.10); Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 17; India: Thompson-Balys.
F123. F123. Journey to land of little men (pygmies). Irish myth: Cross; Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 17.
F124. F124. Journey to land of demons. India: Thompson-Balys.
F125. F125. Journey to otherworld where people are made whole (cured). Jewish: *Neuman; American Indian: Thompson Tales 349 n. 256; Africa: Werner African 204.
F126. F126. Journey to land without sky: takes whole life. Premature aging. India: Thompson-Balys.
F127. F127. Journey to animal kingdom. Usually underground. India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda; Eskimo (Mackenzie area): Jenness 154; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 348 nn. 252, 253.
F127.1. F127.1. Journey to serpent kingdom.
F127.1.1. F127.1.1. Subterranean palace at bottom of lake belonging to king of serpents. India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 390.
F127.2. F127.2. Journey to land of elephants. India: Thompson-Balys.
F127.3. F127.3. Journey to land of crocodiles. India: Thompson-Balys.
F129. F129. Miscellaneous otherworlds. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 141, 1002, II 1369.
F129.1. F129.1. Journey to Land of Men of Heads only. Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 273.
F129.2. F129.2. Voyage to Land of Mossynoikoi. (People of topsy-turvy morals.) Greek: Fox 111.
F129.3. F129.3. Voyage to the Land of the Cimmerians. People who dwell amid clouds of gloom and never see sun. Greek: Fox 145.
F129.4. F129.4. Journey to otherworld island. (Cf. F111.1, F112.1, F134.)
F129.4.1. F129.4.1. Journey to Isle of Tears. Irish myth: Cross.
F129.4.2. F129.4.2. Voyage to Isle of Truth. People cannot lie. Irish myth: *Cross.
F129.4.3. F129.4.3. Voyage to Isle of Shape. Visitors become beautiful. Irish myth: Cross.
F129.4.4. F129.4.4. Voyage to Isle of the Dead. Visitors who sleep there die. Irish myth: *Cross.
F129.4.5. F129.4.5. Voyage to Island of Darkness. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 500.
F129.4.6. F129.4.6. Voyage to Island of Silence. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 500.
F129.5. F129.5. Journey to land of no return. India: Thompson-Balys.
F129.5.1. F129.5.1. Hero takes a mare to ride to land of no return: mare has just foaled and brings him back in her anxiety over her foal. India: Thompson-Balys.
F129.6. F129.6. Land where everyone is wise, from the raja on his throne to the beggar in the bazaar. India: Thompson-Balys.
F129.7. F129.7. Journey to land of naked people. India: Thompson-Balys.
F130. F130. Location of otherworld. *Wimberly 121ff. – Irish myth: *Cross.
F130.1. F130.1. Land of India (Greece) as otherworld. Irish myth: *Cross.
F130.2. F130.2. Spain as otherworld. Irish myth: *Cross.
F130.3. F130.3. Ancient Ireland as location of otherworld. Irish myth: *Cross.
F131. F131. Otherworld in hollow mountain. *Patch PMLA XXXIII 612f., Other World *381 s.v. “Mountain”; Wimberly 130. – Irish myth: *Cross; German: Grimm No. 127; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3594.
F131.1. F131.1. Mountain of Venus. Hollow mountain otherworld where men live a life of ease and lustful pleasure in company with beautiful women. **Barto Tannhäuser and the Mountain of Venus; *Patch PMLA XXXIII 612f.; *Meyer Zs. f. Vksk. XXI 1ff.; Bockel Alemannia XIII (1885) 142; *Norlind Skattsägner 88ff. – Icelandic: Boberg.
F131.1.1. F131.1.1. Mountain of fair-haired women. Irish myth: Cross.
F132. F132. Otherworld on lofty mountain. *Patch PMLA XXXIII 606ff., Other World *381 s.v. “mountain, on the”; Wimberly 132.
F132.0.1. F132.0.1. Otherworld visible from high mountain. Patch PMLA XXXIII 615.
F132.1. F132.1. Earthly paradise on mountain. (Cf. F111.) Patch PMLA XXXIII 618 n. 57.
F132.1.1. F132.1.1. Earthly paradise in air over mountain. Tahiti: Beckwith Myth 76.
F132.2. F132.2. Dwelling of Fortune on lofty mountain. Patch PMLA XXXIII 609ff., Fortuna 132ff. – India: Thompson-Balys.
F133. F133. Submarine otherworld. Patch PMLA XXXIII 627 n. 92, Other World *380 s.v. “Land-beneath-the-waves”; Wimberly 134; Ward II 525; Chauvin V 151 No. 73; Penzer VI 280; Smith Dragon 109. – Irish myth: *Cross; Scotch: Campbell Tales III 420; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 112f.; North Carolina: Brown Collection I 636; Breton: *Le Braz Légende de la Mort II 37ff.; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Slavic: Máchal 270; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 69; Maori: Clark III; N. A. Indian (Klikitat): Jacobs U Wash II 7; Africa: Werner African 188, 206, (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 39 No. 4, (Basuto): Jacottet 122 No. 17, 204 No. 30, 224 No. 33.
F133.1. F133.1. Marine counterpart to land. All that exists on earth has its parallel in the sea. *Chauvin VII 54 No. 241 B n. 1. – Irish myth: *Cross; North Carolina: Brown Collection I 636.
F133.2. F133.2. Empty under-water house. N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 81.
F133.3. F133.3. Submarine monastery. (Cf. F725.6.) Irish myth: *Cross.
F133.4. F133.4. Otherworld at bottom of pond. German: Grimm No. 181.
F133.5. F133.5. Otherworld at bottom of well. *Type 480.
F134. F134. Otherworld on island. *Patch PMLA XXXIII 628f. nn. 93 – 96, Other World 379 s.v. “island”. – Irish: *Cross, O’Suilleabhain 55, Beal XXI 321; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 72, 79; Samoa, Fiji: ibid. 76.
F134.0.1. F134.0.1. Series of otherworld islands. Irish myth: *Cross.
F134.1. F134.1. Hebrides, Isle of Man (Falga) as otherworld. Irish myth: *Cross.
F134.2. F134.2. Otherworld island disappears leaving voyagers in boat at sea. Irish myth: Cross.
F134.3. F134.3. Otherworld island divided into four parts. Irish myth: Cross.
F134.4. F134.4. Divine swans are on an inaccessible island in middle of seven seas. India: Thompson-Balys.
F135. F135. Bruidhen (banqueting-hall) as otherworld. Irish myth: *Cross.
F136. F136. Direction of otherworld. Jewish: Neuman.
F136.1. F136.1. Otherworld in east. Jewish: Neuman; Marshall Islands: Davenport 223.
F136.2. F136.2. Otherworld in west. Jewish: Neuman; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 79.
F136.3. F136.3. Otherworld in northwest. Jewish: Neuman.
F137. F137. Distance of otherworld. *Siuts 19ff. – Irish myth: *Cross.
F140. F140. Bounds of the otherworld. *Siuts 44.
F140.1. F140.1. Guardian of spirit-land boundary. Maori: Clark 135.
F141. F141. Water barrier to otherworld. Wimberly 110. – Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
F141.0.1. F141.0.1. Otherworld beyond water confused with otherworld under water. Irish myth: *Cross.
F141.0.2. F141.0.2. Otherworld beyond water confused with otherworld under hill. Irish myth: *Cross.
F141.1. F141.1. River as barrier to otherworld. (Cf. F162.2.) Icelandic: *Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys.
F141.1.1. F141.1.1. Perilous river as barrier to otherworld. (Cf. F767.1.) *Patch PMLA XXXIII 630, 638ff.; Alphabet No. 603. – Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 78, III 165; N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 140; Africa (Yoruba): Ellis 245 No. 1.
F141.1.2. F141.1.2. River that cannot be crossed by mortals. Hindu: Penzer II 15.
F141.1.3. F141.1.3. River between the realms of giants and gods never freezes. Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 276.
F141.2. F141.2. Mist as barrier to otherworld. Patch XXXIII 627 n. 91. – Irish myth: *Cross.
F141.2.1. F141.2.1. Storm (snow, hail) as barrier to otherworld. Irish myth: *Cross.
F141.3. F141.3. Waves form high wall around otherworld isle. Irish myth: Cross.
F141.4. F141.4. Waterfall as barrier to otherworld. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 95.
F142. F142. River of fire as barrier to otherworld. (Cf. A671.2.2.3.) Patch PMLA XXXIII 638f.; Krappe Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen (1937) 172ff.; Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
F143. F143. Wood at borders of otherworld. *Siuts 30ff.; MLN XXXIV 321; Irish: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Africa (Yoruba): Ellis 245 No. 1.
F144. F144. Plain (field) at borders of otherworld. *Siuts 36ff.
F144.1. F144.1. Forked glen full of toads, lions on way to otherworld. Irish myth: Cross.
F145. F145. Mountain at borders of otherworld. *Siuts 42ff.; Patch Other World 381 s.v. “mountain”; Gaster Thespis 184f.; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.
F145.1. F145.1. Glass mountain at borders of otherworld. Mountain is extremely slippery. *Siuts 43; Patch PMLA XXXIII 610 n. 30, Other World 381 s.v. “mountain.”
F147. F147. Houses at border of otherworld. (Cf. F163.3.) *Siuts 44ff.
F147.1. F147.1. Tenantless houses at border of otherworld. *Siuts 44f.
F147.2. F147.2. Hermit’s hut at border of otherworld. *Siuts 45.
F147.3. F147.3. Witch‘s house at border of otherworld. *Siuts 45.
F147.4. F147.4. Inn at border of otherworld. *Siuts 46.
F148. F148. Wall around otherworld. Hdwb. d. Märchens I 209a s.v. “Baum bewacht”; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman.
F148.1. F148.1. Fiery rampart revolves around otherworld isle. Irish myth: *Cross.
F148.2. F148.2. Wall of silver around otherworld. Irish myth: *Cross.
F148.3. F148.3. Otherworld surrounded by palisade of gold and silver. Irish myth: Cross.
F148.4. F148.4. Palisade of bronze around otherworld. Irish myth: Cross.
F148.5. F148.5. Otherworld surrounded by seven walls and locks of iron and doors of iron. Irish myth: *Cross.
F149. F149. Bounds of the otherworld – miscellaneous.
F149.1. F149.1. Stone barrier to otherworld. (Cf. F150.3.2.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 95, III 165, Rink 461.

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