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Prevuius group

Group No. 88


E. The Dead

Group No.

E0 – E199

Group name



E0. Resuscitation. Zwierzina Die Legenden der Märtyrer vom unzerstörbaren Leben (Innsbrucker Festgruss dargebracht der 50. Versammlung deutscher Philologen in Graz (1909) 130 – 158; Type 516; Clouston Tales II 407ff.; *Penzer X Index s.v. “Resuscitation”; *Jacobs’ list s.v. “Resuscitation”; Greek: Grote I 206; Italian: Basile Pentamerone IV No. 9, Rotunda; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “resurrection”; Irish: Plummer xxxv, *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 169; Korean: Zong in-Sob 139; Polynesia: *Beckwith Myth Chapter X passim; Marquesas: Handy 83; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/127); Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 291, 359, 373, 417, 444, 452, Holm 26, 89, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 241; N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 73; S. A. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 102, (Tupinamba): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 132, (Apapocuva-Guaraní): *Métraux RMLP XXXIII 133; Africa (Benga): Nassau 213 No. 33, (Upoto): Einstein 142, (Wuchaga): Gutman 35.
E1. Person comes to life. Alphabet No. 683; Köhler-Bolte II 164; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3506; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Tonga: Gifford 130; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 180 No. 25, (Zulu): Callaway 51.
E1.1. Saint cut into pieces or decapitated comes back to life. *Loomis White Magic 83f.
E1.2. Dead man re-enters body and speaks of experience in heaven. India: Thompson-Balys.
E2. Dead tree comes to life. Irish myth: Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 47.
E3. Dead animal comes to life. (Cf. B192.1.) Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
E4. Sun revived by own power after being killed by moon. S. A. Indian (Eastern Brazil): Lowie BBAE CXLIII (1) 434.
E10. Resuscitation by rough treatment.
E11. Resuscitation by beating. *Penzer VI 265f.; Köhler-Bolte I 140; India: *Thompson-Balys; Indonesia (Soemba): Dixon 331 n. 108; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 353 n. 273; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 124 No. 17.
E11.1. Second blow resuscitates. First kills. Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 93.
E11.2. Resuscitation by striking with arrow. N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 73.
E11.3. Resuscitation by touching body during conjuration. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 452, Rasmussen II 349.
E12. Resuscitation by decapitation. *Type 531; *BP III 18ff.
E12.1. Red thread on neck of person who has been decapitated and resuscitated. *BP III 19; Hdwb. d. Abergl. I 866.
E12.2. Head of decapitated person is replaced backwards. Later is readjusted. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
E13. Resuscitation by jumping (stepping) over. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 350 n. 261; S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 177.
E13.1. Resuscitation by stepping on corpse. S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 177.
E14. Resuscitation by dismemberment. (Cf. E30, E32.) (Usually combined with burning; cf. E15.) *Type 753; *BP II 162; Irish: O‘Suilleabhain 33, Beal XXI 311f.; Africa (Mpongwe): Nassau 76 No. 15.
E15. Resuscitation by burning. *Type 753; *BP III 193ff.; DeCock Studien 14; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “cadavre”; Easter Island: Métraux Ethnology 68; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 350 n. 260; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 132 No. 18, 136 No. 19.
E15.0.1. Bone of man being burned jumps out of fire. Africa (Pahouin): Largeau 197.
E15.1. Resuscitation by boiling. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 156 n. 2, Cook Zeus I 677ff.; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “cadavre”; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 350 n. 260.
E15.2. Resuscitation by sweating. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 340 n. 225, 350 n. 260, (Modoc): Curtin Myths of the Modocs (Boston, 1912) 31.
E15.3. Resuscitation by stewing. Chinese: Graham.
E16. Resuscitation by stinging. Corpse is laid on an ant-heap. MacCulloch Childhood 81 n. 3; Australian: Parker 13.
E17. Resuscitation by licking corpse. Africa (Kaffir): Theal 153.
E17.1. Resuscitation when snake licks bite he has inflicted upon his victim. India: Thompson-Balys.
E18. Resuscitation by tickling. N. A. Indian (Tlingit): Golder JAFL XX 292.
E21. Resuscitation by withdrawal of wounding instrument. Italian: Basile Pentamerone II No. 8; India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian (Twana): Curtis N. A. Indian IX 164 ff., (Southern Paiute): Lowie JAFL XXXVII 185 No. 19; Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XXI 18.
E21.1. Resuscitation by removal of poisoned apple. By shaking loose the apple from the throat of the poisoned girl the prince brings her to life. *Type 709; *BP I 450ff.; Hdwb. d. Märchens s.v. “Apfel” n. 8; India: Thompson-Balys.
E21.1.1. Resuscitation by removal of poisoning cobra flesh from dead man’s mouth. India: Thompson-Balys.
E21.2. Resuscitation when strangling corset-lace breaks. Girl laced so tightly in corset that she faints. Brothers carry her to her grave. They stumble. Corset-lace breaks and girl revives. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 63 No. 453; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
E21.3. Resuscitation by removal of poisoned comb. *Type 709; Africa (Swahili): Baker FL XXXVIII 299ff.
E21.4. Resuscitation by removal of poisoned slippers. Africa (Tonga): Junod 266ff., (Swahili): Baker FL XXXVIII 299ff. No. 16.
E21.5. Resuscitation by sucking poison from wound. India: *Thompson-Balys.
E23. Resuscitation by catching in snare. Jamaica: *Beckwith MAFLS XVII 267 No. 74.
E25. Resuscitation my frightening dead. Frequently combined with E61. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 319 n. 153. See also references to E61.
E26. Resuscitation by shouting at dead. Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 1; N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 88.
E26.1. Resuscitation by command to arise. (Cf. E67.) Type 785; India: *Thompson-Balys.
E27. Resuscitation by slinging against something. Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 510.
E29. Resuscitation by rough treatment – miscellaneous.
E29.1. Resuscitation by biting victim‘s bone. N. A. Indian (Joshua): Farrand-Frachtenberg JAFL XXVIII 240 No. 19.
E29.2. Resuscitation by rubbing victim’s bones on ground. Madagascar (Antankarana): Renel Contes de Madagascar (Paris, 1910, 1930) I 94ff. No. 14.
E29.3. Resuscitation by pricking anus. N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 57, 81.
E29.4. Resuscitation by plucking the flower into which one is incarnated. India: Thompson-Balys.
E29.4.1. Resuscitation by felling the tree into which one is incarnated and splitting trunk into two parts. India: Thompson-Balys.
E29.5. Resuscitation by cutting off heads of birds which contained the soul of dead person. India: Thompson-Balys.
E29.6. Resuscitation by urinating on dead man‘s bone. Korean: Zong in-Sob 38.
E29.7. Resuscitation by striking with lightning. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 410.
E30. Resuscitation by arrangement of members. Parts of a dismembered corpse are brought together and resuscitation follows. (Sometimes combined with other methods.) *Type 720; *BP I 422f.; Köhler-Bolte I 140, 555; Gaster Thespis 300. – Finnish: Kalevala rune 15; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “os”; Italian: Basile Pentamerone I No. 2; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 315 No. 119, 329 No. 38; Egyptian: Müller 114 (Osiris); Greek: Fox 22 (Arkas); Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 494; India: *Thompson-Balys; Marquesas: Handy 104; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 3/1117); Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 276; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 308 n. 114, (California): Gayton and Newman 71, Hatt Asiatic Influences 69f.; S. A. Indian (Yuracare): Alexander Lat. Am. 315, Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 503. – Africa (Fjort): Dennett 64 No. 12, (Angola): Chatelain 95 No. 5, (Bushman): Bleek and Lloyd 33, 137, (Ibo of Nigeria): Thomas 160, (Basuto): Jacottet 132 No. 18, 168 No. 24, (Thonga): Junod 242, (Zulu): Callaway 51, 230; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 141.
E30.1. Felled tree restored by reassembling all cut parts. (Cf. E2.) Polynesian: Dixon *68 n. 38.
E31. Limbs of dead voluntarily reassemble and revive. *Köhler-Bolte I 130; Gaster Thespis 300; Jewish: Neuman; N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 92.
E32. Resuscitated eaten animal. (Cf. E171.) An animal is eaten. When his bones are reassembled he revives. *Von Sydow Tors Färd til Utgård (Danske Studier [1910] 65); Type 870B (FFC LXXXIII); Krohn Skandinavisk Mythologi 207ff.; BP I 422f.; Karjalainen FFC LXIII 14; Alphabet No. 370; MacCulloch Childhood 101; Clouston Tales II 395; Günter 83 nn. 94 – 96; *Loomis White Magic 68, 84f.; Archiv. f. slavische Philologie XIX 255. – Irish: Plummer cxliii, *Cross, O’Suilleabhain 66, Beal XXI 325; English: Child I 505b; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 306 No. 8, 313 No. 93; Jewish: bin Gorion III 19, *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buin: Wheeler No. 15; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 308 n. 114a; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 272, (Thonga): Junod 229, (Basuto): Jacottet 124 No. 17.
E32.0.1. Eaten person resuscitated. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Tonga: Beckwith Myth 483.
E32.1. Insect swallowed by man comes out alive. *Loomis White Magic 66.
E32.2. Animals which devour each other are restored to their original forms by command of a saint. *Loomis White Magic 63.
E32.3. Dismembered pigs come alive again if only bones are preserved. Irish myth: *Cross.
E33. Resuscitation with missing member. In reassembling the members, one has been inadvertently omitted. The resuscitated person or animal lacks this member. *Type 313; MacCulloch Childhood 97ff.; Von Sydow Danske Studier (1910) 65ff., 145ff.; Köhler-Bolte I 259, 273 n. 1, *586. – Greek: Fox 119 (Pelops); India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 99, Rasmussen I 218, III 79, (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 501, (N. W. Canada): Petitot 84, 226, (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 170; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 308 n. 114b; S. A. Indian (Yuracare): Alexander Lat. Am. 314.
E33.1. Cooked part of white cow is brown after resuscitation. Irish myth: Cross; England: Baughman.
E34. Resuscitation with misplaced head. (Cf. M221.) In restoration of several persons simultaneously through reassembling of members, the heads are placed on the wrong bodies. Sometimes the damage is repaired, sometimes not. *Kittredge Gawain 155 n. 1; *Wesselski Märchen 239, 241 n. 2; Irish myth: *Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 309 n. 114c.
E34.1. Resuscitation with head on backwards. (Cf. F511.0.6.) *Type 303; Irish myth: *Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda (E12.2).
E35. Resuscitation from fragments of body. Cook Islands: Beckwith 253; S. A. Indian (Eastern Brazil): Lowie BBAE CXLIII (1) 434.
E35.1. Resuscitation by sewing parts of body together. India: Thompson-Balys.
E37. Resuscitation by assembling members and leaving in cask for certain time.
E37.1. Failure to resuscitate because of premature disturbance of members to be left in cask for certain time. Köhler-Bolte I 140, 585; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3670; India: Thompson-Balys.
E38. Resuscitation by replacement of soul. Crane Miraculis 84 No. 7; Irish myth: *Cross; Chinese: Werner 93, 268; Hawaii: Dixon 76, Beckwith Myth 145, 152; Maori: Dixon 78; Marquesas: Handy 113; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 101.
E38.1. Resuscitation by returning dead person‘s soul (breath) to body. India: Thompson-Balys.
E41. Resuscitation from excrement of one who has eaten person (animal). India: Thompson-Balys; Tonga: Gifford 140, Beckwith Myth 483, 504; S. A. Indian (Kaiguá): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 139.
E42. Resuscitation from ashes of dead man. India: Thompson-Balys.
E42.1. Resuscitation from dust. India: *Thompson-Balys.
E50. Resuscitation by magic. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 154 and Chapter X passim; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G 3/49, z-G 3/1353, z-G 13/1241); Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 504, (Greenland): Rink 260, Rasmussen III 296, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 193; Africa (Cameroon): Rosenhuber 43.
E52. Resuscitation by magic charm. (Cf. D1273.) Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys, *Penzer VI 261ff.; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 348, III 102.
E53. Resuscitation by fetish. Africa (Fjort): Dennett 64 No. 12.
E53.1. Resuscitation by mummified dog. Dog is kept in box. Revives and resuscitates dead hero. N. A. Indian (Central Algonquin): Skinner JAFL XXVII 98.
E53.2. Resuscitation of dead by making image of deceased of breadfruit wood. When spirit enters this, image disappears and person is found alive. Marquesas: Handy 113.
E55. Resuscitation by music. MacCulloch Childhood 84; Fb “spille” III 488a; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 319 n. 153b.
E55.1. Resuscitation by song. Icelandic: Göngu-Hrólfs saga 337 – 38, Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Tsimshian: Boas BBAE XXVII 215; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 452.
E55.2. Resuscitation by playing flute. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “flute”.
E55.3. Resuscitation by blowing trumpet. Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 62f.
E55.4. Resuscitation by playing violin. *Cosquin Lorraine II 7, 286.
E55.5. Resuscitation by playing guitar. Sicilian: Gonzenbach I 306 No. 45.
E58. Resuscitation by weeping (tears). Herbert III 62 (Odo of Cheriton); Fb “opskrig” II 754; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 43 No. 1 (Version B).
E58.1. Resuscitation by universal weeping. Return of deity from dead granted if all men will weep. One person refuses. *Dh II 211; Hdwb. d. Märch. I 439a s.v. “Eddamärchen” nn. 270, 271; MacCulloch Eddic 130.
E61. Resuscitation by shooting arrow. (Usually combined with E25.) Chinese: Graham; N. A. Indian (Ojibwa): Schoolcraft Hiawatha 58, (Missisagua): Chamberlain JAFL III 150, (Blackfoot): Wissler and Duvall PaAM II 146, (Gros Ventre): Kroeber PaAM I 99 No. 23, (Arapano): Dorsey and Kroeber FM V 269 No. 119, 344ff. Nos. 139 – 145.
E62. Resuscitation by vigil at tomb. Vigil is for stated time, three weeks and three days, or the like. Köhler in Gonzenbach II 209 No. 11; Köhler-Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. VI 62.
E62.1. Resuscitation by fasting. Irish myth: *Cross.
E63. Resuscitation by prayer. Types 516, 612; Rösch FFC LXXVII 143. – Irish myth: *Cross, Scala Celi No. 949; Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas VI 218, Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Maori: Dixon 82.
E63.1. Body placed in building and worshipped until it comes to life. (Cf. E62.) Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 420.
E63.2. Resuscitation by nine-day dance and prayers. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 184.
E64. Resuscitation by magic object.
E64.1. Resuscitation by staff. (Cf. D1254.) India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; N. A. Indian (Southern Paiute): Lowie JAFL XXXVII 108 No. 5, 117 No. 7, 169f. Nos. 5a, 6; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 115; Africa: Werner African 171, (Zulu): Callaway 233.
E64.1.1. Staff of life and death. Black staff kills; brown one restores to life. India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 266 No. 40.
E64.1.1.1. Silver stick kills; gold one restores to life. India: Thompson-Balys.
E64.1.1.2. Leaves of life and death. India: Thompson-Balys.
E64.1.1.3. Fly-whisk of life and death. India: Thompson-Balys.
E64.2. Resuscitation by magic cauldron. (Cf. D1171.2.) Irish myth: Cross.
E64.3. Resuscitation by magic bell. (Cf. D1213.) Jewish: Neuman.
E64.3.1. Resuscitation by saint‘s bell. Irish: Plummer clxxvi, Cross.
E64.4. Resuscitation by magic bachall. (Cf. D1277.)
E64.4.1. Resuscitation by saint’s bachall. *Loomis White Magic 105; Irish: Plummer clxxv, *Cross.
E64.5. Resuscitation by magic cup. (Cf. D1171.6.)
E64.5.1. Resuscitation by Holy Grail. Welsh, Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 203; Irish myth: *Cross.
E64.6. Resuscitation by candle. (Cf. D1162.2.) Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 111 No. 39.
E64.7. Resuscitation by book. (Cf. D1266.) Fansler MAFLS XII 137.
E64.7.1. Resuscitation by manuscript. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
E64.8. Resuscitation by perfume. (Cf. D1245.) Philippine: Dixon 235 n. 47, (Tinguian): *Cole 18 n. 1, 44, 51, 90, 98, 131.
E64.8.1. Resuscitation by heavenly fragrance. Jewish: Neuman.
E64.9. Resuscitation by magic feather. (Cf. D1021.) N. A. Indian (Kato): Goddard UCal V 208 No. 9, (Tsimshian): Boas RBAE XXXI 127.
E64.10. Resuscitation by piece of felt. (Cf. D1051.) Georgian: Wardrop Georgian Folk-Tales (London, 1894) 15 No. 3.
E64.11. Resuscitation by magic robe (blanket). (Cf. D1052.) N. A. Indian (Pawnee): Dorsey CI LIX 329 No. 88, (Tlingit): Swanton BBAE XXXIX 36 No. 8.
E64.12. Resuscitation by sacred relics. Irish myth: Cross.
E64.13. Resuscitation by ring. BP III 537; India: Thompson-Balys.
E64.14. Resuscitation by magic bag. (Cf. D1193.) Zs. f. d. Phil. XXVI 23.
E64.15. Resuscitation by magic gold. Zs f. d. Phil. XXVI 23.
E64.16. Resuscitation by animal‘s tail.
E64.16.1. Resuscitation by yak’s tail. India: Thompson-Balys.
E64.17. Resuscitation by magic stone. (Cf. D931.) India: Thompson-Balys.
E64.18. Resuscitation by leaf. India: Thompson-Balys.
E64.19. Resuscitation from bird dung. (Cf. D1026.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.
E64.20. Resuscitation by magic baskets. Africa (Fang): Einstein 155.
E64.21. Resuscitation by handkerchief. S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 182.
E65. Resuscitation by kiss. Type 885*. – India: Thompson-Balys.
E66. Resuscitation by breathing on corpse. Greek: Fox 22; Irish myth: *Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys; Melanesia: Codrington JAI X 272; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 319 n. 153a; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 280, Rasmussen III 124, Holm 68, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 247; Africa (Benga): Nassau 213 No. 33.
E66.1. Resuscitation of cremated man by blowing on the ashes. India: Thompson-Balys; S. A. Indian (Bakairi, Amazon): Alexander Lat. Am. 312.
E67. Resuscitation by talking to corpse. Type 450; Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 17.
E68. Apparently dead persons revived when certain thing happens. Proper prince appears, or the like. Chauvin V 263 No. 154.
E71. Resuscitation by wishing. N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 123 No. 19.
E72. Resuscitation by smelling of moss. N. A. Indian (Menomini): Hoffman RBAE XIV 181.
E73. Resuscitation by incantation. Chinese: Graham.
E74. Resuscitation by waving magic object. India: Thompson-Balys.
E75. Resuscitation by writing deity‘s name. Jewish: *Neuman.
E79. Resuscitation by magic – miscellaneous.
E79.1. Resuscitation by passing helpful animal over corpse. Chinese: Graham.
E79.1.1. Resuscitation by bird flying over dead. Jewish: Neuman.
E79.2. Resuscitation by reversing positions of two blocks of wood. India: Thompson-Balys.
E79.3. Resuscitation by touch of eagle. Jewish: Neuman.
E80. Water of Life. Resuscitation by water. Types 550, 551; *BP I 513, II 400; **Wünsche Lebensbaum; Chauvin VI 73f.; Hertz Abhandlungen 47ff.; *Fb “vand” III 1001b, “livets vand” II 439b, “flaske” I 309a; Dawkins Alexander and the Water of Life (Medium Aevum IX 173 – 192); Jacobs’ list s.v. “Water of Life”; Köhler-Bolte I 186, 562. – Icelandic: Hrólfssaga Gautrekssonar (ed. Detter) 46, 64; Russian: Ralston Russian Folk-Tales (London 1873) 231ff.; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Babylonian: Spence 130 (Ishtar); India: *Thompson-Balys, Penzer X 210 s.v. “Life, water of”; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 347; Arabian: Burton Nights S VI 213ff., 221; Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 494; Indonesian: DeVries Volksverhalen II 359 No. 104; Pelew Islands: Dixon 252; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 74, 121, 153, 264; Fiji: ibid. 76; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 355 n. 279a; (Calif. Indian): Gayton and Newman 64; Africa (Bushman): Bleek and Lloyd 27, 67, 137.
E80.1. Resuscitation by bathing. Herbert III 197; Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer IV 145; West Indies: Flowers 427.
E80.1.1. Resuscitation by bathing in milk. (Cf. D1018, D1503.7.1, E102.1.) Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
E80.2. Resuscitation by wet cloth over corpse. India: Thompson-Balys.
E80.3. Resuscitation by water (in basket, overnight). N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 68.
E80.4. Resuscitation by holy water. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.
E80.4.1. Resuscitation by dew from heaven. Jewish: *Neuman.
E82. Water of life and death. One water kills, the other restores to life. *BP III 31 n. 1; Greek: Fox 281 (blood of life and death); India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 355 n. 279b.
E84. Water of death. India: Thompson-Balys.
E90. Tree of Life. (Cf. D950.) Resuscitation by touching its branches. *MacCulloch Childhood 83; *Wünsche Lebensbaum. – Irish myth: *Cross; Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 354; India: *Thompson-Balys; S. A. Indian (Guianas, Chaco, Arawakan Chaná): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (1) 369.
E90.1. Sun and moon steal wonderful tree which revives dead man or animal. India: Thompson-Balys.
E100. Resuscitation by medicines. Greek: Aeschylus Agamemnon line 1020; India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 7, 34; (Benga): Nassau 98, 213 Nos. 5, 33, (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 117 No. 20, (Kaffir): Theal 66, (Vai): Ellis 196 No. 14, 200 No. 18, 243 No. 49, (Cameroon): Ittman 72f., (Wakweli): Bender 96.
E101. Resuscitation by salve (oil). (Cf. D1244.) BP I 127; Fb “salve” III 150b. – Irish myth: *Cross; Italian: Gonzenbach I 318 No. 48; India: *Thompson-Balys; Philippine (Tinguian): *Cole 18 n. 1, 44, 51.
E102. Resuscitation by magic liquid. (Cf. D1242.) *Krappe Balor 132ff. – Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 61 No. 445A; India: *Thompson-Balys; Korean: Zong in-Sob 47.
E102.1. Resuscitation by magic milk. Irish myth: *Cross.
E102.2. Resuscitation by sprinkling ambrosia. (Cf. E80.) India: Thompson-Balys.
E105. Resuscitation by herbs (leaves). Type 612; BP I 126ff., *128; *Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XX 354 n. 2; *Kittredge Gawain 153 n. 4; *Wesselski Märchen 239f. No. 50; Jacobs’ list s.v. “Life-restoring herb”; Penzer VI 18 n. 1. – Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 312 n. 2; Jewish: Neuman; Italian: Basile Pentamerone I No. 7, V No. 7, Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 135; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 7, (Thonga): Junod 56.
E106. Resuscitation by magic apple. *Type 590; BP III 1; Fb “æble” IV 1135b; Hdwb. d. Märchens I 90b s.v. “Apfel” n. 2.
E107. Resuscitation by magic pill. (Cf. D1243.) Chinese: Werner 159.
E108. Resuscitation by magic powder.
E108.1. Resuscitation by magic powder blown into nose. Africa (Kordofan): Frobenius Atlantis IV 101ff. No. 11.
E113. Resuscitation by blood. Type 516; Rösch FFC LXXVII 143; *BP I 46ff.; *Fb “blod” IV 46b, 47a; Jacobs‘ list s.v. “Blood resuscitates”. – Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 16 n. 1; Italian: Basile Pentamerone IV No. 9; India: *Thompson-Balys. – Tonga: Gifford 185; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G 3/912); N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 96 No. 7; S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 165.
E113.1. Resuscitation by animal’s blood. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
E113.1.1. Resuscitation by raven‘s blood. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
E114. Resuscitation by spittle. (Cf. D1001.) Type 516; Rösch FFC LXXVII 143. – Sicilian: Gonzenbach I 156 No. 25; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 99, 157; Tonga: Gifford 185; N. A. Indian (Thompson River): Teit JAFL XXIX 305 (European borrowing).
E115. Resuscitation by wax from deer’s ear. Scotch: Campbell Tales II 309 No. 44.
E116. Resuscitation by use of animal fat. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
E117. Resuscitation by gall of slain giant. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
E120. Other means of resuscitation.
E121. Resuscitation by supernatural person. MacCulloch Childhood 84 n. 2; Melanesia: *Wheeler No. 66f.
E121.1. Resuscitation by a god. (Cf. A454.) Irish: Beal XXI 329; Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 234 n. 3 (Theseus), Fox 119 (Pelops), 126 (Protesilaos), 144 (Alkestis, Glaukos), 220 (Adriadne, Semele), 280 (Asklepios); Icelandic: Boberg (Odin); Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 339.
E121.1.1. Resuscitation by concerted effort of the gods. Greek: Fox 119 (Pelops).
E121.1.2. Resuscitation by power of goddess. *India: Thompson-Balys.
E121.1.3. Man sent back to earth by Death, for it is not yet his time to die. India: Thompson-Balys.
E121.1.3.1. Hero resuscitated by his bride, daughter of king of death. India: Thompson-Balys.
E121.2. Resuscitation by Christ. Types 750***, 753; Irish myth: Cross.
E121.3. Resuscitation by Virgin Mary. (Cf. V268.) *Type 710; *Crane Miraculis 85 No. 8; *Ward Catalogue of Romances II 633 No. 31; Wells Manual of Writings 170; Irish myth: *Cross.
E121.4. Resuscitation by saint. Köhler-Bolte II 163ff.; Alphabet Nos. 130, 374, 375, 376, 559, 628; *Loomis White Magic 83f.; Irish: Plummer xxxv, *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Sicilian: Gonzenbach I 156 No. 25; Jewish: bin Gorion III 20; India: *Thompson-Balys. See also Acta Sanctorum passim.
E121.4.1. The cooked and revived child. Saint to a woman: “Cook me what you like most.” Gullible woman cooks son. Saint revives child. Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 80f.
E121.5. Resuscitation by holy man (priest, etc.). Irish: O‘Suilleabhain 31, 90, Beal XXI 310; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: *Neuman; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys.
E121.5.1. Resuscitation by rabbi. Gaster Exempla 218 No. 149.
E121.5.2. Resuscitation through prayers of holy man. (Cf. E63.) Nouvelles de Sens No. 24.
EE121.5.3. Resuscitation by prophet. Jewish: Neuman.
E121.6. Resuscitation by demon. Hindu: Tawney I 132.
E121.6.1. Resuscitation by demon’s entering corpse. Irish myth: *Cross.
E121.7. Resuscitation by magician. (Cf. D1711.) Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian (Lillooet): Teit JAFL XXV 332, (Mewan): Merriam Dawn of the World (Cleveland, 1910) 188; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 247.
E121.7.1. Resuscitation by druid. (Cf. P427.5.) Irish myth: Cross.
E121.8. Resuscitation by fairy. Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
E122. Resuscitation by animals. Jewish: Neuman.
E122.1. Resuscitation by cuckoo. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *455.
E122.2. Resuscitation by snake. India: *Thompson-Balys.
E125. Resuscitation by relative.
E125.1. Resuscitation by son. India: Thompson-Balys.
E125.2. Resuscitation by sister(s). Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 152.
E125.3. Resuscitation by brother. Jewish: Neuman.
E127. Resuscitation by friends. India: Thompson-Balys.
E132. Resuscitation through ashes thrown on funeral pyre. *Penzer IX 68 n. 2.
E133. Resuscitation by warming dead man. German: Grimm No. 4.
E134. Resuscitation by laying flesh on pyre and covering with cloth. India: Thompson-Balys.
E134.1. Resuscitation by covering body for certain time. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 72, 80, 102.
E136. Resuscitation by heavenly voice. Jewish: Neuman.
E138. Resuscitation by carrying corpse to its home.
E138.1. Deer foster parent of hero comes alive from its burial hill when youth returns to spot and carries him off to jungle again. India: Thompson-Balys.
E141. Resuscitation: ghosts deceived so that they cannot find way back to grave. India: Thompson-Balys.
E142. Resuscitation by polishing sword that contains dead man‘s life. India: *Thompson-Balys.
E149. Means of resuscitation – miscellaneous.
E149.1. Human bone, found in demon’s stomach wrapped in silk with bow and arrow, becomes a boy. India: Thompson-Balys.
E149.2. Resuscitation of decapitated princess by hero by imitating ogre‘s actions of night before: passing sword three times up and down her throat. India: Thompson-Balys.
E149.3. Resuscitation from touch of a child at his first walking. India: Thompson-Balys.
E150. Circumstances of resuscitation.
E151. Repeated resuscitation. A person dies and is resuscitated repeatedly. *Zwierzina Legenden der Märtyrer vom unzerstörbaren Leben. (Innsbrucker Festgruss dargebracht der 50. Versammlung deutscher Philologen in Graz). – Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Georgian: Wardrop Georgian Folk-Tales (London, 1894) 59 No. 10; India: Thompson-Balys. – N. A. Indian (Micmac): Rand 296 No. 51, (Chilcotin): Farrand JE II 22 No. 8, (Yuki): Kroeber UCal IV 185, (Osage): Dorsey FM VII 43 No. 36, (Navaho): Matthews MAFLS V 93; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 298f., 463; S. A. Indian (Ackawoi): Alexander Lat. Am. 270; Africa (Hottentot): Bleek 75 No. 36.
E152. Body still warm restored to life. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 152.
E155. Periodic resuscitation. (Cf. D620.) Return to life at regular intervals. *Cosquin Contes indiens 18ff.; Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
E155.1. Slain warriors revive nightly. Continue fighting the next day. *Krappe Balor 132ff.; Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 546; Irish myth: *Cross, Beal IV 342, 454, V 210; Icelandic: De la Saussaye 176, Fb “kamp”, Panzer Hilde-Gudrun 327ff., Herrmann Saxo II 364, *Boberg; Hindu: Tawney I 476.
E155.1.1. Constant replacement of fighters. In contest between gods and demons, latter are constantly slain and replaced. Hindu: Keith 150.
E155.1.2. Soldiers of magic army constantly revived. Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
E155.2. Annual resuscitation of a god. (Cf. A192.1.) Greek: Fox 156 (Zeus), 218 (Dionysus), 230 (Persephone); Babylonian: Spence 132 (Adonis, Tammuz).
E155.3. Nightly resuscitation of man with external soul. When enemy takes off necklace containing the soul he revives, but dies again when it is put on. India: Thompson-Balys.
E155.4. Person dead during day, revived at night. India: *Thompson-Balys.
E155.4.1. Woman alive by day, dead by night. Irish myth: Cross.
E155.5. Slain pigs revive nightly. Irish myth: *Cross.
E155.5.1. Calf, slain at night, alive next day through power of saint. Irish myth: *Cross.
E155.6. King eaten every morning: revived daily. India: Thompson-Balys.
E156. Gradual resuscitation – one organ at a time. Korean: Zong in-Sob 47.
E161. Killed game revives and flies away. N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 303 n. 109e; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 159 No. 20.
E162. Resuscitation impossible after certain length of time. N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 97 No. 7 (ten days); Africa (Vai): Ellis 200 No. 18 (three days).
E162.0.1. Resuscitation after great length of time. (Cf. D1857.) Irish myth: *Cross.
E162.1. Resuscitation even possible after three days. Icelandic: Göngu-Hrólfs saga 308.
E162.2. Dead man tries in vain to come back to life. (Cf. E1.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 347.
E163. Man kept alive by consecrated sword. (Cf. D1081, E765.3.0.1.) Irish: Plummer clxxxv, *Cross.
E165. Resuscitation of wife by husband giving up half his remaining life. (Sometimes vice versa). *Type 612; *BP I 126, 129; *Wesselski Märchen 188; *Chauvin VIII 120 No. 104; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 93, 193; Jewish: bin Gorion I 372; India: *Thompson-Balys, Penzer VIII 117; Indonesia: De Vries‘s list No. 226; Africa: Frobenius Atlantis IX No. 108.
E165.1. One man prays either to keep friend from death or for both to die. Both allowed to live. Jewish: bin Gorion II 171f., 349.
E165.2. Husband resuscitated after wife‘s nose is cut off and thrown over grave. India: Thompson-Balys.
E166. Return from dead granted for definite time. Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Fox 126 (three hours); Hindu: Keith 114 (100 years).
E167. Man given ability to return to life if killed. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 301.
E168. Cooked animal comes to life. (Cf. E155.5.) Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
E168.1. Roasted cock comes to life and crows. English: Child I 233 – 242, 505, II 8, 501b, III 502f., IV 451f., V 212a, 288a.
E171. Flayed animal resuscitated. Irish myth: Cross.
E174. Bones wrapped in sheepskin inscribed with holy name revive. Jewish: *Neuman.
E174.1. Ashes of burnt hero revive. Jewish: *Neuman.
E175. Death thought sleep. Resuscitated person thinks he has been sleeping. He exclaims, “How long I have been asleep!” *Köhler-Bolte 555; Wesselski Märchen 192. – India: *Thompson-Balys; Philippine: Dixon 235; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 319 n. 154, (Calif.): Gayton and Newman 57; S. A. Indian (Yuracare): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 502.
E176. Resuscitation in order to baptize. Irish myth: Cross.
E177. Resuscitated man relates visions of beyond. (Cf. E480, V511.) Irish myth: Cross.
E178. Resurrection at Judgment Day. Jewish: *Neuman.
E181. Means of resuscitation learned. India: Thompson-Balys.
E181.1. Husband advised how to resuscitate his wife: lift her up and turn her around so her head rests upon the brick which had been under her feet. India: Thompson-Balys.
E181.1.1. Man advised how to resuscitate his mother: break waternuts on her head: she would revive and live one year for each nut broken. India: Thompson-Balys.
E181.2. Student revives whole family following instructions given by demon. Chinese: Graham.
E182. Dead body incorruptible. Beard and fingernails continue to grow. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.
E185. Resuscitation when murder is discovered. India: Thompson-Balys.
E185.1. Resuscitation after murderer is buried in the earth, wood laid over him, and a lighted lamp on its top. India: Thompson-Balys.
E186. Failure at resuscitation.
E186.1. Attempted resuscitation fails because of overanxiety. S. A. Indian (Kaiguá): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 139.

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