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Prevuius group

Group No. 65


D. Magic

Group No.

D500 – D599

Group name

Means of transformation


D500. D500. Means of transformation – general.
D502. D502. Inability to transform self in presence of others. Chinese: Graham.
D510. D510. Transformation by breaking tabu. Tahiti: Beckwith Myth 468; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 154.
D511. D511. Transformation by breaking name tabu. (Cf. C430.)
D511.1. D511.1. Man calls wife “my swallow”; she becomes swallow. (Cf. A1917.) – Dh III 414.
D512. D512. Transformation by expressing astonishment at marvel. India: Thompson-Balys.
D512.1. D512.1. Transformation when one expresses astonishment at smith drawing water in an egg-shell. (Cf. C491.) – *Köhler-Bolte I 220.
D513. D513. Transformation by violation of looking tabu. (Cf. C300.)
D513.1. D513.1. Man looks at copulating snakes: transformed to woman. (Cf. D12.) – Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 364 n. 1.
D515. D515. Transformation by plucking flowers in enchanted garden. Type 451.
D516. D516. Transformation through excessive grief. Greek: Roscher s.v. “Itys”; Japanese: Ikeda; N. A. Indian (Thompson): Alexander N. Am. 137.
D517. D517. Transformation because of disobedience. India: Thompson-Balys.
D518. D518. Woman transformed for nourishing an animal. Eskimo (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 176, (Greenland): Rink 413, Rasmussen III 81, (West Hudson Bay): Boas BAM XV 638.
D520. D520. Transformation through power of the word.
D521. D521. Transformation through wish. Type 451; Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman; N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 398 No. 70, 409 No. 73, (Shasta): Farrand-Frachtenberg JAFL XXVIII 216 No. 6; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 172.
D521.1. D521.1. Transformation through thoughtless wish of parent. BP I 430 (Grimm Nos. 9, 27, 49).
D522. D522. Transformation through magic word (charm). (Cf. D1273.) – Irish myth: Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 136, II 20, VI 8, 59. – Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/203); Jamaica: *Beckwith MAFLS XVII 271 No. 84.
D523. D523. Transformation through song. (Cf. D1275.) – Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 273 No. 87.
D523.1. D523.1. Transformation by playing musical instrument.
D523.1.1. D523.1.1. Transformation by playing flute. Chinese: Graham.
D525. D525. Transformation through curse. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer VI 16, VIII 140ff.; Icelandic: *Boberg.
D525.1. D525.1. Despondent mother curses herself and children into trees. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *425D.
D526. D526. Transformation through greeting: first creature to be greeted will be transformed. (Cf. A1371.3.) – *Dh II 191ff.
D527. D527. Transformation by scolding. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 468.
D529. D529. Transformation through power of the word – miscellaneous.
D529.1. D529.1. Petrification when woman‘s voice is heard. India: Thompson-Balys.
D530. D530. Transformation by putting on skin, clothing, etc.
D531. D531. Transformation by putting on skin. By putting on the skin, feathers, etc. of an animal, a person is transformed to that animal. – Fb “and”; Icel.: Völsunga saga ch. 8; Irish myth: *Cross; English: Child II 494, III 518, IV 495a, V495 s.v. “seals”; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Japanese: Ikeda; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 313 n. 132; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 364, II 13, III 75, 143, 262, Rink 146, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 181, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 617, (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 468, (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 95; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 271 No. 84; North Carolina Negro: Parsons JAFL XXX 187; Surinam: Alexander Lat. Am. 274. – See also all references under D361.1. (Swan Maiden).
D532. D532. Transformation by putting on claw, feather, etc. of helpful animal. Types 552A, 553; *BP III 434; Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XXII 13.
D533. D533. Transformation to fish by catching in fish-trap. India: Thompson-Balys.
D535. D535. Transformation to horse (ass. etc.) by putting on bridle (halter). *Fb “hest” I 598b, “grime” I 484, “bidsel” IV 37b; Köhler-Bolte I 220, 586. – Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 130 No. 71; Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 45 No. 71; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3656; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer VI 56 n. 2, *59.
D535.1. D535.1. Transformation to horse by being horse-shod. Köhler-Bolte I 220, 586.
D536. D536. Transformation by removing chains from neck.
D536.1. D536.1. Transformation to swans by taking chains off neck. (Cf. D161.) – **O. Rank Die Lohengrinsage (1911) 65f.; *Wehrhan 50; *Wesselski Märchen 255 No. 64; *Chauvin VIII 206 No. 248; *G. Huet Romania XXXIV (1905) 206ff.; H. A. Todd MLN VI 2. – Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 263; English Romance: Wells 97 (Chevalere Assigne).
D537. D537. Transformation by changing clothes. Icelandic: Arnason (Powell and Magnusson tr.) II 246, Boberg. – N. A. Indian (Micmac): Rand Nos. 5, 16, 17. (Caughnawaga): Harrington JAFL XIX 127f., cf. (Yana): Curtin Creation Myths of Primitive America (Boston 1898) 312ff. – Cf. Fb. “klæder” II 200a.
D537.1. D537.1. Transformation by donning hood. (Cf. D1067.3.) Irish myth: *Cross.
D537.2. D537.2. Transformation by donning cloak. Irish myth: Cross.
D537.2.1. D537.2.1. Giantess’s cloak makes man grow. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 430.
D537.3. D537.3. Transformation by putting on moustache. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
D537.4. D537.4. Transformation by donning wig. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
D550. D550. Transformation by eating or drinking. *MacCulloch Childhood 158. – Japanese: Ikeda; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 313 n. 132a.
D551. D551. Transformation by eating. *MacCulloch Childhood 158; *Penzer VI 56.
D551.1. D551.1. Transformation by eating fruit. (Cf. D981.) Cf. Type 566. India: Thompson-Balys.
D551.1.1. D551.1.1. Transformation by eating apple. *Fb “æble” III 1136a; Hdwb. d. Märchens s.v. “Apfel” n. 11. – Icelandic: Boberg; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “pomme”; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 62 No. 449. Cf. Type 566.
D551.1.2. D551.1.2. Transformation by eating apricot. Chinese: Werner 203.
D551.1.3. D551.1.3. Transformation by eating pear. Hdwb. d. Märchens s.v. “Birnbaum”.
D551.2. D551.2. Transformation by eating vegetable. (Cf. D983.) – Type 567; *BP III 6; *Aarne MSFO XXV 143ff. (Cf. D132.1.)
D551.2.1. D551.2.1. Transformation by eating cabbage. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 48 No. 327*D.
D551.2.2. D551.2.2. Transformation by eating cicuta. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 63 No. 453.
D551.2.3. D551.2.3. Transformation through eating magic seeds. (Cf. D971). – Hindu: Penzer VI 56 n. 1, 62f.
D551.2.4. D551.2.4. Transformation by eating flower. India: Thompson-Balys.
D551.2.5. D551.2.5. Transformation by eating onions. Korean: Zong in-Sob 21.
D551.2.6. D551.2.6. Transformation by eating garlic. Korean: Zong in-Sob 3.
D551.2.7. D551.2.7. Transformation by eating manioc. Africa (Dahomé): Einstein 27.
D551.3. D551.3. Transformation by eating flesh. Icelandic: Boberg. – Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 162; Japanese: Ikeda; American Indian (Creek): Swanton BBAE LXXXVII 32f., (Ladino): Conzemius BBAE CVI 130f.; Argentina: Jijena Sanchez 23.
D551.4. D551.4. Transformation by eating bread. India: Thompson-Balys.
D551.5. D551.5. Transformation by eating leaf from a tree. Falcon is returned to form of girl. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
D551.6. D551.6. Transformation by eating – miscellaneous.
D551.6.1. D551.6.1. Transformation by placing pill in mouth. (Cf. D1243.) – Hindu: Penzer VII 42 n. 1, 222; India: Thompson-Balys.
D551.6.2. D551.6.2. Transformation by eating rice mixed with perspiration. Africa (Bushman): Bleek and Lloyd 85.
D551.6.2.1. D551.6.2.1. Transformation by eating sticky rice. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 60.
D551.6.3. D551.6.3. Transformation by eating snake eggs. India: Thompson-Balys.
D555. D555. Transformation by drinking. *Type 450; BP I 86ff.; MacCulloch Childhood 159. See also references to D550. – Italian Novella: Rotunda; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 287 n. 2; India: Thompson-Balys.
D555.1. D555.1. Transformation by drinking from animal‘s track. (Cf. D578.) – *Type 450; *Sartori Zs. f. Vksk. IV 41ff.
D555.2. D555.2. Transformation by drinking wine. Korean: Zong in-Sob 27.
D560. D560. Transformation by various means.
D561. D561. Transformation by jumping over. The person, animal, or object jumped over is transformed. American Indian (Zuñi): Parsons JAFL XXXI 243 No. 16, (Canadian Dakota): Wallis JAFL XXXVI 97 No. 26, (Cheyenne): Campbell JAFL XXIX 407 No. 1.
D561.1. D561.1. Transformation by rolling. N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 81.
D561.2. D561.2. Transformation by somersault. Chinese: Graham; Argentina: Jijena Sanchez 31, 38, 59.
D561.3. D561.3. Transformation by jumping three times. Korean: Zong in-Sob 58.
D562. D562. Transformation by bathing. *Chauvin V 4 No. 2, VIII 43f. No. 11; English: Child V 499 s.v. “transformations”; Irish myth: *Cross. – Indonesian: Dixon 216; India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 87.
D562.1. D562.1. Transformation by application of water. India: *Thompson-Balys.
D562.2. D562.2. Transformation by urine. (Cf. D441.5, D441.6, D564.4, D1006.) – India: Thompson-Balys.
D562.2.1. D562.2.1. God’s urine makes chilly fiery. India: Thompson-Balys.
D562.2.2. D562.2.2. Human urine softens rock. India: Thompson-Balys.
D563. D563. Transformation by encircling object thrice. Fb “rundt” III 96a. – N. A. Indian (Zuñi): Parsons JAFL XXXI 243 No. 16 (four times).
D564. D564. Transformation by smelling. India: Thompson-Balys.
D564.1. D564.1. Self-transformation by smelling stick. India: Thompson-Balys.
D564.2. D564.2. Transformation by smelling flower. India: Thompson-Balys.
D564.3. D564.3. Transformation by smelling powders. India: Thompson-Balys.
D564.4. D564.4. Transformation by smelling wine. (Cf. D562.2.) – Korean: Zong in-Sob 56.
D565. D565. Transformation by touching. India: Thompson-Balys.
D565.0.1. D565.0.1. Transformation by touching ground on return from fairyland. Irish myth: Cross.
D565.1. D565.1. Midas‘ golden touch. Everything touched turns to gold. Greek: Roscher s.v. “Midas”; India: Thompson-Balys.
D565.2. D565.2. Transformation by touching with rod. Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 70 n. 1, II 287 n. 2; Jewish: Neuman.
D565.3. D565.3. Transformation by licking. Irish myth: *Cross.
D565.4. D565.4. Transformation by seizing ears. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 86 No. 754C*.
D565.4.1. D565.4.1. Transformation by twisting one’s own ear. India: Thompson-Balys.
D565.5. D565.5. Transformation by kiss. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56 No. 408A*; Irish myth: Cross; English: Child V 499 s.v. “transformations.”
D565.5.1. D565.5.1. Transformation by sexual intercourse. Irish myth: *Cross.
D565.6. D565.6. Transformation by touching water. Irish myth: Cross.
D565.7. D565.7. Transformation at touch of magic dogskin. Irish myth: Cross.
D565.8. D565.8. Transformation by touching with flower. India: Thompson-Balys.
D565.8.1. D565.8.1. Transformation by pinching flower (life token). German: Grimm No. 9.
D565.9. D565.9. Bag of stones becomes auks on touching ground. Eskimo (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 172.
D565.10. D565.10. Transformation by scratching. Brazil: Jijena Sanchez 37.
D566. D566. Transformation by striking. Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 90 No. 80.
D566.1. D566.1. Transformation by striking wolf-skin glove. Icelandic: Hrólfs saga Kraka 50.
D566.2. D566.2. Transformation by striking with stone. Irish myth: Cross.
D566.3. D566.3. Transformation of horse by spurring. India: Thompson-Balys.
D566.4. D566.4. Transformation by decapitation. India: Thompson-Balys.
D567. D567. Transformation by sunlight. *BP III 89 n. 2.
D568. D568. Transformation by turning magic hood. Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 175, *Cross.
D571. D571. Transformation by throwing object or person.
D571.1. D571.1. Transformation by throwing rice on person. India: Thompson-Balys.
D572. D572. Transformation by magic object. Irish myth: Cross.
D572.1. D572.1. Transformation by magic stick. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 276, 280.
D572.2. D572.2. Transformation by ring. Icelandic: Boberg.
D572.3. D572.3. Transformation by cloth. German: Grimm No. 99.
D572.4. D572.4. Transformation by wand. German: Grimm No. 56, 60.
D572.5. D572.5. Transformation by means of magic stone. Icelandic: *Boberg; Africa (Fang): Einstein 53.
D572.6. D572.6. Transformation by magic powder. Korean: Zong in-Sob 230 No. 99.
D572.7. D572.7. Transformation by celestial dew. Jewish: Neuman.
D573. D573. Transformation by spell (charm).
D573.1. D573.1. Transformation by written spell. Korean: Zong in-Sob 85.
D573.2. D573.2. Petrification by magic written formula. India: Thompson-Balys.
D574. D574. Transformation by crossing water. Scotch: McKay Beal III 139.
D575. D575. Transformation by fumigations. Burning of magic perfume transforms. (Cf. D1245.) – Chauvin V 87 No. 27.
D575.1. D575.1. Transformation by throwing ashes. Africa: Milligan 141.
D576. D576. Transformation by being burned. (Cf. D1787.) – N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 349 n. 256, also most of references in n. 259. – Indonesian: DeVries list 239, DeVries Volksverhalen II 356 No. 100; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 87.
D577. D577. Transformation by braiding hair. Africa (Ila, Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 395 No. 18.
D578. D578. Transformation by stepping in footprint. (Cf. D555.1.) – Africa (Kaffir): Theal 87.
D579. D579. Transformation by looking in a mirror. Icelandic: *Boberg.
D581. D581. Petrification by glance. Fb “öje” III 1167b. – Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 152 n. 3 (Gorgon).
D581.1. D581.1. Damsel whose voice turns her suitors to stone. India: Thompson-Balys.
D582. D582. Transformation by sticking magic pin into head. (Cf. D765.1.2., D1182.) – Fb “knappenål” II 211b; *Cosquin Indiens 58ff.; Penzer VI 61.
D582.1. D582.1. Transformation by sticking nails into feet. India: Thompson-Balys.
D582.2. D582.2. Transformation by magic needle. India: Thompson-Balys.
D583. D583. Transformation by lousing. Maori: Dixon 55.
D584. D584. Transformation by contemplation. Penzer VI 20f.
D585. D585. Transformation by binding with string around neck. India: *Thompson-Balys, Penzer VI 39f., 56ff., VII 44 n. 1.
D585.1. D585.1. Transformation by tying charm around person‘s neck. India: Thompson-Balys.
D586. D586. Transformation to fish by throwing into sea. N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 100; Madagascar (Antankarana): Renel I 94ff. No. 14.
D587. D587. Transformation by baptism. Irish myth: Cross.
D588. D588. Transformation by blowing. Irish myth: Cross.
D591. D591. Transformation by immersing in magic well. Irish myth: Cross.
D592. D592. Transformation to likeness of another by sleeping with arms about him under the same mantle. Irish myth: Cross.
D593. D593. Change of sex by exchange with a yaksa (ogre). (Cf. D10.) India: Thompson-Balys.
D594. D594. Transformation by rubbing with ointment. India: Thompson-Balys.
D595. D595. Transformation by application of blood. India: Thompson-Balys.
D596. D596. Transformation by placing something on head. India: Thompson-Balys.
D596.1. D596.1. Transformation by placing bewitched flower on head. India: Thompson-Balys.
D599. D599. Transformation by various means – miscellaneous.

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