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Prevuius group

Group No. 60


D. Magic

Group No.

D0 – D99

Group name

Transformation (general)


D0. D0. Transformation (general). *MacCulloch Childhood 149ff.; *Wimberley 275ff.; Sébillot Incidents s.v. “métamorphose”; Burton Arabian Nights VIII 270, S IV 329. – *Tibbals “Elements of Magic in the Romance of William of Palerne” MPh I (1903) 355ff.; *Easter: a Study of Magic Elements in the Romans d‘Aventure (Dissertation, Baltimore 1906); *Hegar Hessische Blätter f. Vksk. XXVIII 110ff. – Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 251 n. 4 (Neleus); Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman; Icelandic: *Boberg.
D5. D5. Enchanted person. See also the entire section on transformation. No real difference seems to exist between transformation and enchantment. A bewitched or enchanted person may, however, retain his original physical form, but may be affected mentally or morally. – *Type 400; Gr. Nos. 93, 163; BP II 335ff. – Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 105 n. 1 (Minos); India: Thompson-Balys; Missouri French: Carrière.
D5.1. D5.1. Enchanted person cannot move. Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 294 No. 8.
D5.1.1. D5.1.1. Stepson cursed to stick in grave mound till pretty girl wants to substitute for him. Icelandic: *Boberg.
D5.2. D5.2. Enchanted person on bier. Italian: Basile Pentamerone, Introduction.
D6. D6. Enchanted castle (building). Irish myth: *Cross; Missouri French: Carrière.
D7. D7. Enchanted valley. Irish myth: Cross.
D10 – D99.
D10 – D99. Transformation: man to different man.
D10. D10. Transformation to person of different sex. *H. Gaidoz “Du changement de sexe dans les contes celtiques” Revue de l‘histoire des religions LVII 317ff.; *Chauvin VIII 43 No. 11; *Penzer VII 42ff., 223ff.; *Fb “menneske” II 577b, “kvinde” II 339b; *Brown JAOS XLVII 3; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 752; Irish myth: *Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys.
D10.1. D10.1. Ogre has unique powers of exchange of sex with human being. India: Thompson-Balys.
D10.2. D10.2. Change of sex after crossing water. McKay Beal III 139.
D11. D11. Transformation woman to man. *Types 406, 514; BP II 79ff., 87, III 84; Gr. Nos 71, 134; *Loomis White Magic 80; Irish myth: *Cross; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 165, No. 108; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 248, (Cape York) Rasmussen III 152; (Koryak) Jochelson JE VI 195, 323; Africa (Dahomé): Einstein 28.
D11.1. D11.1. Transformation: ogress to man. India: Thompson-Balys.
D11.2. D11.2. Woman transforms herself into a bird and lends her female organ to a boy. He fails to return it and she becomes a man when she resumes human form. India: Thompson-Balys.
D12. D12. Transformation: man to woman. Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 364 n. 1 (Tiresias); French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule; Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Keith 147, 151. – Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 249, (West Hudson Bay) Boas BAM XV 325; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 247, (Dahomé) Einstein 27.
D12.1. D12.1. Transformation: god to giantess. MacCulloch Eddic 131 (Loki to Thökk).
D20. D20. Transformation to person of different social class. Irish myth: *Cross.
D22. D22. Transformation: common man to exalted personage.
D22.1. D22.1. Transformation: common man to grand officer. French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 17.
D22.2. D22.2. Transformation: man of low caste takes on prince‘s appearance, and transforms prince to take on his. India: Thompson-Balys.
D23. D23. Transformation to artisan.
D23.1. D23.1. Transformation into a boatman. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “batelier”.
D24. D24. Transformation to humble person.
D24.1. D24.1. Transformation: king to menial. Icelandic: Boberg.
D24.2. D24.2. Transformation: king and queen to peasant and wife. Icelandic: Boberg.
D24.3. D24.3. Transformation into a swineherd. Irish myth: Cross (D23).
D24.4. D24.4. Transformation: rich man to tramp. Smears hands and face. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
D25. D25. Transformation layman to professional man.
D25.1. D25.1. Transformation to doctor. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
D25.2. D25.2. Transformation into a cleric (monk). Irish myth: Cross.
D27. D27. Transformation into leper. Irish myth: Cross.
D28. D28. Transformation into giant. Irish myth: Cross (D29.1.)
D29. D29. Transformation to a person of different social class – miscellaneous. Irish myth: Cross.
D29.1. D29.1. Transformation into a churl (bachlach). Irish myth: *Cross.
D29.2. D29.2. Transformation into juggler. Irish myth: Cross (D26).
D30. D30. Transformation to person of different race.
D31. D31. Transformation: white person to negro. (Cf. D57) – Chauvin II 183 No. 23; *Fb “jomfru”, “hvid” I 700b, “sort” III 467b, “pige” II 816b. – Spanish Boggs FFC XC 57 No. 425; Jewish: *Neuman.
D40. D40. Transformation to likeness of another person. *Type 363; BP III 534 n. 1. – Wells 30 (Uther Pendragon); Icelandic: Boberg; Irish myth: *Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys; Jewish: Neuman; Greek: Grote I 80; Eskimo (Greenland) Rasmussen II 211, (Cape York) Rasmussen III 54; Africa (Fang): Tessman 141f.
D40.1. D40.1. Transformation to likeness of person whose shield one carries. (Cf. D1101.1). Norse: FSS 37, 38.
D40.2. D40.2. Transformation to likeness of another woman. India: Thompson-Balys.
D40.2.1. D40.2.1. Transformation to resemble man’s mistress so as to be able to kill him. India: Thompson-Balys.
D41. D41. Humble man in guise of exalted.
D41.1. D41.1. Transformation to likeness of ruler. Man so uses the last of three wishes granted to him. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
D42. D42. God in guise of mortal. Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 56, *Cross; Greek: Iliad and Odyssey passim; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Marquesas: Handy 109.
D42.1. D42.1. God transformed to giant with three heads and six arms. Chinese: Werner 236.
D42.2. D42.2. Spirit takes shape of man. India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 167, 169.
D43. D43. Transformation: mortal to guise of deity. Greek myth: Grote I 117; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 166f; India: Thompson-Balys.
D43.1. D43.1. Animal transformed to a god.
D43.1.1. D43.1.1. Dog turned into a god. India: Thompson-Balys.
D44. D44. Mortal in guise of spirit. Africa (Upoto): Einstein 142, (Buin) Wheeler 51. See also D47.
D44.1. D44.1. Transformation: man to angel. Jewish: Neuman.
D45. D45. Persons exchange forms. Icelandic: Boberg.
D45.1. D45.1. Kings exchange forms and kingdoms for a year. Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 93; Irish myth: Cross.
D45.2. D45.2. Gods exchange forms. Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 56, Cross.
D45.3. D45.3. Two friends exchange forms. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
D45.4. D45.4. Girl exchanges form with sorceress in order to visit her brother and get a son by him. Icelandic: Völsunga saga ch. 7.
D47. D47. Transformation to likeness of monster. Irish myth: Cross (D94, D95); Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
D47.1. D47.1. Mortal temporarily takes shape of demon. India: Thompson-Balys.
D47.2. D47.2. Transformation: normal men to ogres. Become ravenous. India: Thompson-Balys.
D47.3. D47.3. Transformation: princess to ogress. Icelandic: *Boberg.
D49. D49. Transformation to likeness of another person – miscellaneous.
D49.1. D49.1. Dwarf assumes human form. German: Grimm No. 64.
D49.2. D49.2. Spirit takes any form. India: Thompson-Balys.
D49.3. D49.3. Fairy transforms herself into a monstrous being with head of an ape, thin legs, sharp claws, fish scales and bristles. India: Thompson-Balys.
D50. D50. Magic changes in man himself. Irish: Plummer clxxxiv (changes in form, complexion, height, and age).
D52. D52. Magic change to different appearance. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.
D52.1. D52.1. Transformation: man becomes hideous. Africa (Upoto): Einstein 130.
D52.2. D52.2. Ugly man becomes handsome. Samoa: Beckwith Myth 473.
D53. D53. Transformation in health.
D53.1. D53.1. Transformation to sick man. Icelandic: Sturlaugs saga 642; Africa (Boloki): Weeks Congo 200ff.
D55. D55. Magic change of person‘s size. Irish myth: *Cross; Eskimo (West Hudson Bay): *Boas BAM XV 361 (No. 34); Africa (Togo): Einstein 8.
D55.1. D55.1. Person becomes magically larger. Tobler 90. – Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Latin: Virgil Aeneid VI line 50; Africa (Fang) Trilles 184.
D55.1.1. D55.1.1. Man magically stretches self to overcome cliff. Hawaii: Dixon 91; Melanesia: ibid. 91 n. 104; Micronesia: ibid. 91 n. 105.
D55.1.1.1. D55.1.1.1. Man magically stretches self to overcome opponent in battle. Irish myth: *Cross.
D55.1.1.2. D55.1.1.2. Man magically stretches self to sink tent pole. Irish myth: Cross.
D55.1.2. D55.1.2. Transformation: person to giant. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 539; Eskimo: Boas BAM XV 314; Africa (Fang): Einstein 61.
D55.1.3. D55.1.3. Pygmy turns into a giant. Finnish: Kalevala rune 2.
D55.2. D55.2. Person becomes magically smaller. Irish myth: Cross; Japanese: Ikeda.
D55.2.1. D55.2.1. Dwarf contracts self to enter nostrils of cannibals. Africa (Zulu): Callaway 154.
D55.2.2. D55.2.2. Devil (troll) makes self small. *Fb “lille” II 428.
D55.2.3. D55.2.3. Giant changes to normal size. Micmac: Michelson JAFL XXXVIII 39.
D55.2.4. D55.2.4. Ten serving-women carried in bottle. They change size at will. Köhler-Bolte II 471ff.
D55.2.5. D55.2.5. Transformation: adult to child. Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 103, (Mackenzie Area) Jenness 40; Africa (Togo): Einstein 8, (Boloki) Weeks Congo 200ff.
D55.2.6. D55.2.6. Hero reduces in size small enough to get into mango seed. India: Thompson-Balys.
D56. D56. Magic change in person‘s age. India: Thompson-Balys.
D56.1. D56.1. Transformation to older person. Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
D57. D57. Change in person’s color. (Cf. D31.) – Jewish: Neuman.
D57.1. D57.1. Man transformed to green knight. *Kittredge Gawain.
D57.2. D57.2. Black man‘s color altered to white. *Loomis White Magic 81.
D57.3. D57.3. Hair and skin turn to color of gold. India: Thompson-Balys.
D57.4. D57.4. Transformation to black man. German: Grimm No. 121, 137; Jewish: Neuman.
D57.5. D57.5. Transformation to person of rusty color. German: Grimm No. 136.
D61. D61. Magic appearance of human limbs. A boy has no hands and legs; his abandoned sister successfully commands them to appear or disappear. Kaffir: Theal 74.
D90. D90. Transformation: man to different man – miscellaneous.
D91. D91. Transformation: normal man to cannibal. Fb “blod” IV 48a.
D92. D92. Transformation: wild man to normal. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
D93. D93. Transformation: prince to old man. Type 431.
D94. D94. Transformation: man to ogre. Irish myth: Cross. Icelandic: *Boberg.
D96. D96. Transformation: normal man to ascetic. India: Thompson-Balys.
D97. D97. Transformation: man to witch. (Cf. G200) India: Thompson-Balys.
D98. D98. Transformation: children into horsemen. India: Thompson-Balys.

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