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Prevuius group

Group No. 44


B. Animals

Group No.

B600 – B699

Group name

Marriage of person to animal


B600. Marriage of person to animal. Extremely common, Only a few references are given. – *Wesselski Märchen 247 No. 57; *Chauvin V 177f. No. 101; Fb "kvinde" II 339b; India: *Thompson-Balys; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 303. – N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 273 n. 3.
B81.2. Mermaid marries man. D658.1. Transformation to animal to seduce woman. T91. Unequals in love. T110. Unusual marriage. T465. Bestiality. Intercourse of a human being and an animal. T554. Woman gives birth to animal.
B600.1. Various animals tried out as wives. Only one accepted. – N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 348 n. 254b.
B600.1.1. Various animals tried out as wives: none accepted. India: Thompson-Balys.
B600.2. Animal husband provides characteristic animal food. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 52, (Greenland): Thalbitzer 6.
B601. Marriage of person to beast. (Cf. B641, B651).
B601.1. Marriage to bear. (Cf. B611.1, B631, B635.1). – *Fb "björn" IV 42b.; Icel.: Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 64, 178.
K1911.1.6. She-bear as false bride.
B601.1.1. Bear steals woman and makes her his wife. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges; India: Thompson-Balys.
B601.2. Marriage to dog. (Cf. B611.2, B641.1.) – Irish myth: Cross; N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 272 n. 2. – Africa (Benga): Nassau 165 No. 22; Dobu: Beckwith Myth 349.
B635.4. Son of dog ("cú", person).
B601.3. Marriage to rat. Spanish Exempla: Keller; Bødker Exempler 297 No. 60; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Märchen V 192, (Mpongwe): Nassau 41 No. 6.
B601.3.1. Marriage to mouse. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
B601.4. Marriage to leopard. Africa (Benga): Nassau 85 No. 4.
B601.5. Marriage to elephant. Africa (Hottentot): Bleek 61 No. 27.
B601.6. Marriage to lemur. Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 349.
B601.7. Marriage to monkey. India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 183; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 411 s.v. "Affenmutter".
B601.7.1. Person plans to marry monkey. India: Thompson-Balys.
B601.8. Marriage to swine. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
D733.2. Swine bridegroom.
B601.9. Marriage to tiger. India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 62f.; S. A. Indian (Jivaró): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 142.
B601.10. Marriage to deer. Irish myth: Cross.
B611.5. Deer paramour.
B601.11. Marriage to jackal. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B601.12. Marriage to cat. India: Thompson-Balys.
B601.13. Marriage to hare. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B601.14. Marriage to fox. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 63, 214; Eskimo (East Greenland): Rasmussen I 137, 143; S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 174.
B601.15. Marriage to jaguar. S. A. Indian (Mataco, Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 62, 64, (Jivaró): Steward-Métraux BBAE 143 III 627, (Eastern Brazil): Lowie ibid. I 434, (Yuracare): Métraux ibid. III 504.
B601.16. Marriage to wolf. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 38, (Bering Strait): Nelson BBAE XVIII 482. – Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 49.
B601.17. Marriage to coati-puri. S. A. Indian (Cashinawa): Métraux BBAE III 143, 685.
B601.18. Marriage to seal. Koryak: Jochelson JE VI 153; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 127.
B602. Marriage to bird. (Cf. B644.) – India: *Thompson-Balys. – Marquesas: Handy 120; New Hebrides: Codrington 397; Papua: Ker 57; Mono Alu: Wheeler 20. – Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 52, 75; (Greenland, Cape York): Rasmussen III 57, 83.
B602.1. Marriage to eagle. India: *Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 341 n. 231.
B602.2. Marriage to fulmar. *N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 272 n. 2.
B602.3. Marriage to pigeon. Africa (Zulu): Callaway 78.
B602.4. Marriage to vulture. Arawak, Carib: Alexander Lat. Am. 274.
B602.5. Marriage to crane. India: Thompson-Balys.
B602.6. Marriage to goose. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 47, 77.
B602.7. Marriage to parrot. S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 175.
B602.8. Marriage to kingfisher. Africa (Togo): Einstein 7.
B603. Marriage to fish (whale). (Cf. B612.) – India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda. – *N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 341 n. 231.
B603.1. Marriage to shrimp. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 144.
B603.2. Marriage to eel. Tuamotu: Beckwith Myth 103.
B604. Marriage to reptile. (Cf. B613, B622.1, B642, B652.)
B604.1. Marriage to snake. (Cf. B613.1.) – Fb ”slange“ III 363a; *BP II 251. – India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 388, 1354; Japanese: Ikeda; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 49, 176. – Jamaica: *Beckwith MAFLS XVII 272; Buin: Wheeler 43; San Cristoval (Solomon Islands): Beckwith Myth 104. – Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 75, (Greenland): Rink 186, Rasmussen I 148, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 178f., (West Hudson Bay): Boas BAM XV 555; (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 516. – S. A. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 65.
B604.2. Marriage to tortoise. India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Benga): Nassau 134 No. 15.
B604.2.1. Marriage to turtle. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B604.3. Marriage to crocodile. India: Thompson-Balys.
B604.4. Marriage to lizard. India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Fang): Einstein 152.
B604.5. Marriage to frog. India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Luba): DeClerq Zs. f. Kolonialsprachen IV 211, (Togo): Einstein 7.
B605. Marriage to dragon. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 64f.
B610. Animal paramour.
B610.1. Girl‘s animal lover slain by spying relatives. BP I 69f. (Gr. No. 8a). – Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 267 No. 78. – N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 345 n. 244.
B611. Beast paramour. (Cf. B601.)
B611.1. Bear paramour. (Cf. B601.1., B631, B635.) India: Thompson-Balys. – N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 345 nn. 244, 245.
B611.2. Dog paramour. (Cf. B601.2, B642.) – India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 456; Siberian and North Pacific Coast Natives: Jochelson JE VI 374.
B611.3. Horse paramour. Hindu: Penzer IV 16, IX 153; Japanese: Ikeda; *N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 348 n. 254a.
B611.3.1. Sea-horse paramour. Irish myth: Cross.
B611.3.2. Lake-horse paramour. Irish myth: Cross.
B611.4. Bull paramour. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 305 n. (Pasiphoe), I 299 n. 2. (Europa); Am. Negro (Georgia): Harris Friends 81 No. 11.
B611.5. Deer paramour. Irish myth: Cross.
B611.6. Monkey paramour. India: Thompson-Balys.
B611.7. Rat paramour. India: Thompson-Balys.
B611.8. Tapir paramour. S. A. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 60.
B612. Fish paramour. (Cf. B603.) – *Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 140 n. 1. – Japanese: Ikeda. – Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 187.
B612.1. Eel paramour. Maori, Mangaia: Dixon 55; Samoa, Mangaia: Beckwith Myth 103; Hawaii: ibid. 136.
B612.2. Dolphin as paramour. Jewish: Neuman.
B613. Reptile paramour. (Cf. B604.)
B613.1. Snake paramour. (Cf. B604.1.) Armenian: Ananikian 74; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda, Anesaki 332. – N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 344 n. 239. – S. A. Indian (Warrau, Carib): Alexander Lat. Am. 272; (Amazonia) ibid. 286; (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 65f. – Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 142 No. 20.
B613.1.1. Snake woman as paramour. India: Thompson-Balys.
B613.2. Crocodile paramour. Africa (Fang): Trilles 162, (Ekoi): Talbot 333.
B613.3. Lizard paramour. India: Thompson-Balys.
B614. Bird paramour. India: Thompson-Balys.
B620. Animal suitor. Missouri-French: Carrière.
B620.1. Daughter promised to animal suitor. *Types 425, 552; *BP II 232 III 424ff. – India: Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda. – Africa (Angola): Chatelain 65 No. 3.
B621. Beast as suitor.
B621.1. Bear as suitor. (Cf. B601.1, B611.1, B635.1.) – Fb ”björn“ IV 43a.
B621.2. Lion as suitor. Fable: Halm Aesop No. 249, Babrius No. 98, Wienert FFC LVI 45 (ET 32), 70 (ET 344), 107 (ST 198).
B621.3. Tiger as suitor. Chinese: Graham; India: Thompson-Balys; S. A. Indian: (Jivaró): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 148.
B621.4. Rat as suitor. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
B621.5. Leopard as suitor. India: Thompson-Balys.
B621.6. Pig as suitor. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 77.
B621.7. Horse as suitor. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 79.
B621.8. Wolf and wolverine fight over girl. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 38.
B622. Reptile as wooer.
B622.1. Serpent as wooer. Fb ”slange“ III 363a.; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
B622.2. Crocodile as wooer. India: Thompson-Balys.
B622.3. Tortoise as wooer. India: Thompson-Balys.
B623. Bird as wooer.
B623.1. Crane as wooer. India: Thompson-Balys.
B623.2. Owl as suitor. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges; S. A. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 154.
B623.3. Magpie as suitor. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
B623.4. Crow as suitor. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
B623.5. Cock as suitor. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 77.
B625. Fish as wooer.
B625.0.1. Half-man, half-fish as wooer. S. A. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 30.
B630. Offspring of marriage to animal. India: Thompson-Balys.
B631. Human offspring from marriage to animal. *Type 301, 650; *BP II 300ff., 285ff., especially 293; *Dickson Valentine and Orson 123 n. 76; *Krappe Le Moyen Age XLI 96ff. – Irish myth: Cross; Gaster Oldest Stories 169; India: *Thompson-Balys. – Japanese: Anesaki 332; N. A. Indian (Thompson River): Teit MAFLS XI 42; Danish: Boberg.
B631.0.1. Son warns animal mother. Irish myth: Cross.
B631.0.2. Boy kills his animal father for reward. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1169.
B631.1. Animal mother of man helps him. Burmese: Scott Indo-Chinese 274.
B631.2. Human beings descended from seals. Irish myth: Cross.
B631.3. Fish bears men-children. Has swallowed rinsings of man’s mouth. – India: Thompson-Balys.
B631.4. Lioness bears man child. Africa (Lamba): Doke MAFLS XX 14 No. 11.
B631.5. Cow bears man child. Africa (Lamba): Doke MAFLS XX 14 No. 11.
B631.6. Tigress bears men-children. India: Thompson-Balys.
B631.7. Human offspring of marriage of person and jaguar. S. A. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 62, (Eastern Brazil): Lowie BBAE CXLIII I 434.
B631.8. Human offspring of marriage of person and lion. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1170.
B631.9. Human offspring of marriage of person and snake. S. A. Indian (Tapirape): Wagley-Galvao BBAE 143 III 253.
B632. Animal offspring from marriage to animal. *Fb ”kvinde“ II 339b, ”menneske“ II 577b; *MacCulloch Childhood 263ff.; Cox 487. – Icelandic: Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys. – Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 413, 465, Holm 56, 82, Rasmussen I 363, III 200, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 167, 226, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 637, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 80. – N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin Hewitt RBAE XXXII No. 9; cf. Thompson Tales 347 n. 247, 248. – Africa (Zulu): Callaway 79, 349.
B633. Human and animal offspring from marriage to animal. *Wesselski Märchen 247 No. 57.
B634. Monstrous offspring from animal marriage. Irish myth: Cross; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1169, 1354.
B634.1. Monstrous offspring of sea-horse and woman. Irish myth: Cross.
B635. Human foster-child with animal qualities.
B635.1. The Bear‘s Son. Human son of woman who marries a bear acquires bear characteristics. (Cf. B601.1.) – *Type 301; *BP II 300ff.; Cosquin I 6; MacCulloch Childhood 270; Panzer Beowulf I 246; *Wesselski Märchen 249 No. 57; *Fb ”bjørn“ IV 42b; *Dickson Valentine and Orson 118 nn. 49, 50, 172 n. 30.
B635.1.1. Eaten meat of bear-lover causes unborn son to have bear characteristics. (Cf. B611.1.) – Hrolfs saga Kraka 53.
B635.1.2. Bear’s foster child not used to sun and light. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 53.
B635.1.3. Bear says he is boy‘s father; asks food. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 47.
B635.2. Wolf boy (girl) running around with wolf and cubs recovered by parents after six years: recognized by scar. India: Thompson-Balys.
B635.3. Child of mortal and deer has deer’s hair on temple. Irish myth: Cross.
B635.3.1. Culture hero licked by deer mother. Irish myth: Cross.
B635.4. Son of dog (”cu,“ person). Irish myth: Cross.
B635.4.1. Son of three dogs (”con,“ persons). Irish myth: Cross.
B636. Offspring of human and animal intercourse. India: Thompson-Balys.
B640. Marriage to person in animal form.
B640.1. Marriage to beast by day and man by night. (Cf. D621.) – *Type 425. See references for D621. – *Tegethoff Amor-Psyche 17; Missouri-French: Carrière; India: *Thompson-Balys.
B641. Marriage to person in beast form. (Cf. B601, B651.)
B641.1. Marriage to person in dog form. (Cf. B635.4, D141.) – Irish myth: Cross, MacCulloch Celtic 168; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 421. – Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 244; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 347 n. 247; S. A. Indian (Chaco): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (1) 369.
B641.2. Marriage to woman in deer form. (Cf. D114.1.) Irish myth: Cross, MacCulloch Celtic 168; India: Thompson-Balys.
B641.2.1. Marriage to man in deer form. Africa (Swazi): Bourhill and Drake Fairy Tales from South Africa 212ff. No. 18.
B641.3. Marriage to god in bull form. (Cf. B611.4, D133.2) – *Frazer Fasti IV 74 nn. 2, 3 (Europa).
B641.4. Marriage to person in ass form. (Cf. D132.1.) – *Type 430.
B641.5. Marriage to person in hedgehog form. *Type 441; BP II 234, 482.
B641.6. Marriage to person in horse form. Africa (Hausa): Mischlich Neue Märchen aus Africa 186ff.
B641.7. Marriage to person in monkey form. India: Thompson-Balys.
B641.8. Marriage to person in opossum form. S. A. Indian (Tupinamba): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3). 132.
B642. Marriage to person in bird form. (Cf. B602, D150.). – Type 432; India: *Thompson-Balys.
B643. Marriage to person in insect form.
B643.3. Marriage to person in caterpillar form. India: Thompson-Balys.
B644. Marriage to person in fish form. India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 52.
B645. Marriage to person in amphibian form.
B645.1. Marriage of person to transformed toad. Korean: Zong in-Sob 176 No. 76.
B645.1.1. Marriage to person in toad form. India: Thompson-Balys.
B645.1.2. Marriage to person in frog form. India: Thompson-Balys.
B645.2. Marriage to person in crocodile form. (Cf. D194.) – Africa (Kaffir): Theal 38; India: Thompson-Balys.
B646. Marriage to person in reptile form. (Cf. B604, B652.)
B646.1. Marriage to person in snake form. (Cf. D191.) Type 433. – India: *Thompson-Balys. – Africa (Zulu): Callaway 57, 321, (Kaffir): Theal 48, (Basuto): Jacottet 126 No. 18, 146 No. 20.
B646.1.1. Marriage to person in form of five-headed snake. Africa (Hausa): Stigand Black Tales for White Children 83ff. No. 13.
B647. Marriage to person in animal form – miscellaneous.
B647.1. Marriage to person in crustacean form.
B647.1.1. Marriage to person in crab form. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B648. Man becomes deer and marries deer. N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 348 n. 252.
B650. Marriage to animal in human form. Burmese: Scott Indo-Chinese 272.
B650.1. Animal transformed to man wants to marry woman. Indonesian: De Vries’ list No. 156.
B651. Marriage to beast in human form. (Cf. B601, B641.)
B651.1. Marriage to fox in human form. *N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 342 n. 233 (”The Fox Woman“). – Chinese: Krappe CFQ III (1944) 124, 129ff., 136f., 141, Eberhard FFC CXX 49, 214. – Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 144, 427, Rasmussen I 150, III 76, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 222 – 224, (Labrador): Hawkes GSCan XIV 156, (Ungava) Turner RBAE XI 264; Koryak: Jochelsen JE VI 364; S. A. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 144ff.
B651.2. Marriage to buffalo in human form. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 339 n. 222 (”The Piqued Buffalo Wife“).
B651.3. Marriage to lion in human form. Africa (Angola): Chatelain 145 No. 15.
B651.4. Marriage to dog in human form. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 258; Chinese: Werner 421.
B651.5. Marriage to deer in human form. India: Thompson-Balys; S. A. Indian (Maropa): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 448.
B651.6. Marriage to wolf in human form. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 258. – Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 38.
B651.7. Marriage to bear in human form. Eskimo (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 176, (Greenland): Holm 82, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 638f., (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 76.
B651.8. Marriage to seal in human form. Helge Holmström Svanjung-frumotivet 1919, 84ff.; Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 258.
B651.9. Marriage to tiger in human form. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B651.10. Marriage to squirrel in human form. India: Thompson-Balys.
B651.11. Marriage to leopard in human form. Africa (Wakweli): Bender 52.
B652. Marriage to bird in human form.
B652.1. Marriage to swan-maiden. See all references for D361.1.
D361.1. Swan maiden. T56.3. Wooing bathing nymphs by stealing their clothes.
B652.2. Man marries crane in human form. Japanese: Ikeda, Anesaki 324.
B652.3. Marriage to dove-maiden. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 260.
B652.4. Marriage to woodpecker in human form. S. A. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 146.
B653. Marriage to insect in human form.
B653.1. Marriage to bee in human form. Indonesian: Dixon 219.
B654. Marriage to fish in human form. Irish myth: Cross (B612.0.1); India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 47f., 142; Africa (Congo): Weeks 216.
B655. Marriage to amphibia in human form.
B656. Marriage to reptile in human form. (Cf. B604, B642.)
B656.1. Marriage to python in human form. Africa (Kaffir): Kidd 249.
B656.2. Marriage to serpent in human form. Hindu: Penzer VI 73 n. 2; India: *Thompson-Balys; Indo-Chinese: Scott 276; S. A. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 66; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 76, 201. – Krappe CFQ III (1944) 138ff.
B659. Marriage to other animals in human form.
B670. Unusual mating between animals.
B671. Goose mates with crow. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 884.
B672. Mythical tiger has family of jaguars. S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 155.
B690. Marriage of person to animal – miscellaneous.
B691. Relatives kill animal-husband but wife throws herself into pyre. India: Thompson-Balys.

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