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Prevuius group

Group No. 43


B. Animals

Group No.

B500 – B599

Group name

Services of helpful animals


B500. Magic power from animals. – Type 675; Fb "ønske" III 1179a. – Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Missouri French: Carrière; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 317 n. 146c; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 71 No. 3. (Cf. B100 – B199 Magic animals.)
B109.1.2. Dog whose skin turns water into wine. D684. Transformation by helpful animal. D810. Magic object a gift. D1720. Acquisition of magic power. D1834. Magic strength from helping animal. D1903. Power of inducing love given by animals. F405.5. Cat, dog, and mouse ward off evil spirit. Man takes these animals along with him as protection. F980. Extraordinary occurrences concerning animals.
B501. Animal gives part of body as talisman for summoning its aid. *Types 531, 552, 553; BP III 18ff., 424ff.; Malone PMLA XLIII 407; *Fb "fjer" I 301, "hâr" I 771b. – Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "talisman"; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 15; Missouri-French: Carrière; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys. – Persian: Carnoy 290, 331. – Africa (Kaffir): Theal 85, (Swahili): Steere 199; N. A. Indian (Pawnee): Dorsey MAFLS VIII 102.
D532. Transformation by putting on claw, feather, etc. of helpful animal. D1021. Magic feather. D1023. Magic hair of animal. D1421. Magic object summons helper. D2074.1. Animals magically called.
B501.1. Buffalo give hero horns for summoning them.
D1011.1. Magic animal horn. D1421.5.1. Magic horn summons army for rescue. D2074.1.1. Buffalo magically called.
B501.1.1. Merry horn and angry horn for summoning buffalo. When all is well hero is to blow on merry-horn; when in trouble on angry-horn. – India: Thompson-Balys.
B501.2. Kite teaches rhyme by which he may be summoned for help. India: Thompson-Balys.
D1273. Magic formula (charm). H12. Recognition by song (music).
B501.3. Animal gives jewel for summoning him when in need of help. India: Thompson-Balys.
B501.4. Birds give hero feather to burn if he is in difficulty. India: Thompson-Balys.
B505. Magic object received from animal. *Types 560, 561; *Aarne MSFO XXV 3 – 82; BP II 451ff., 537; Type 554*; *Köhler-Bolte I 440; Hartland Perseus III 199; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "talisman"; Missouri-French: Carrière. – India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 37 No. 24. – Africa (Zanzibar): Bateman 221 No. 10, (Basuto): Jacottet 214 No. 31. See also references in B375.1.
D810. Magic object a gift. J130. Wisdom (knowledge) acquired from animals.
B505.1. Magic object received from animal brother-in-law. *Type 552. – N. A. Indian (Micmac): Thompson CColl II 409ff.
B314. Helpful animal brothers-in-law.
B505.2. Animal tells hero where to find magic object. (Cf. B560.) – French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
B505.3. Magic song received from fish. (Cf. B470.) – Chinese: Graham.
B510. Healing by animals.
D1342. Magic object gives health. D1500. Magic object controls disease. D2161. Magic healing power. F950. Marvelous cures.
B511. Animal as healer.
B511.1. Snake as healer. *Chauvin VII 25 No. 373 F note 5; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 648; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
B491.1. Helpful serpent.
B511.1.1. Snake creeps into man's mouth and heals him. Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 132 No. 78; Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 46 No. 78.
B511.1.2. Snake heals mutilated maiden with magic herbs. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
B511.1.3. Helpful hedgehog forces snake to suck out poison from bitten raja. India: Thompson-Balys.
B511.2. Pig as healer.
B183. Magic boar (pig).
B511.2.1. Magic pig heals wound its skin touches. Irish myth: Cross.
B183.9. Skin of magic pig heals wounds.
B511.2.2. Magic pig heals wounds by licking. Irish myth: Cross.
B511.3. Faithful horse pushes sleep thorn out of its master's head, so that he awakes. Icel.: Boberg.
D1364.2. Sleep-thorn. D1978.3. Waking from magic sleep by removal of enchanting instrument.
B511.4. Rat cures man of wound. S. A. Indian (Cashinawa): Métraux BBAE 143 III 685.
B511.5. Bird heals man. Chinese-Persian: Coyajee JPASB XXIV 185f.; Alu: Wheeler 60; Papua: Ker 103.
B511.5.1. Vulture cures blindness. India: Thompson-Balys.
B512. Medicine shown by animal. It heals another animal with a medicine (herb, water, etc.) and thus shows the man the remedy. Sometimes the medicine resuscitates the dead. (The animal is most frequently the serpent. (Cf. B491.) – *Type 160, 303, 590, 612; *BP I 128; Chauvin II 106 No. 71; Kittredge Gawain 153 n. 4; Wesselski Märchen 239f. No. 50. – *Krappe Papers and Trans, of Jubilee Cong. of Folk-Lore Soc. 277ff. – *Fb "blad" IV 44a; *Frazer Apollodorus I 312 n. 2. – Icel.: Boberg, Volsunga saga ch. 8.; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda. N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 354 n. 279.
D955. Magic leaf. D965. Magic plant. D1500.1.18. Magic healing water. D1505.5. Magic water restores sight. E80. Water of life. E105. Resuscitation by herbs (leaves). E181. Means of resuscitation learned. N452. Secret remedy overheard in conversation of animals (witches). W154.8. Grateful animals; ungrateful man.
B513. Remedy learned from overhearing animal meeting. The hero learns how to cure his own blindness and the sickness of the king (princess). – Spanish Exempla: Keller; Missouri-French: Carrière; India: Thompson-Balys. – See references for B235.
B235. Secrets discussed in animal meeting. B561. Animals tell hero their secrets.
B514. Animal fetches remedy for man. Missouri-French: Carrière.
B514.1. Grateful fox fetches fox liver as remedy. Japanese: Mitford 261ff.
B441. Helpful fox.
B514.2. Bee fetches balm from heaven to restore hero's speech. Finnish: Kalevala rune 15.
B514.3. Snake gives man antidote for poison. Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 163 No. 32.
D1317.0.1. Magic object detects poison. D1383. Magic object protects from poison. D1515. Magic antidote for poison.
B515. Resuscitation by animals. *Types 300, 665. Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
E0. Resuscitation.
B516. Sight restored by animal. India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 31, Rasmussen I 312, III 203, Rink 100, (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 169, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 169, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 626.
B520. Animals save person's life. See also B540. – Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 372 n. 1 (horse). – Icel.: *Boberg; Missouri-French: Carrière; Panchatantra III 8 (tr. Ryder) 334; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1260; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 25, 28, 31, 84; Africa (Duala): Lederbogen 76.
D699.1. Eyes of hero's buffalo friend turn into two powerful dogs that protect his wife. K528.1. Substitute smoker. K640. Escape by help of confederate. K645. Monkey saves condemned birds through feigned dream. K644. Monkey attracts attention of mowers until young birds can fly away from the harvest field. K2351. Animals help in military victory. R243. Fugitives aided by a helpful animal.
B521. Animal warns of fatal danger. India: *Thompson-Balys; Jewish: Neuman; U.S.: Baughman; Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Märchen 75, (Fang): Trilles 138, (Loango): Pechuël-Loesche 109.
B140. Prophetic animals. R243. Fugitives aided by a helpful animal.
B521.1. Animal wams against poison. Fable: Halm Aesop No. 120, Wienert FFC LVI 70 (ET 338), 127 (ST 353), (eagle). – India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 76 No. 12 (ox).
B131.5. Peacock's feathers ruffled in presence of poison. D1317.0.1. Magic object detects poison. D1383. Magic object protects from poison. D1515. Magic antidote for poison.
B521.1.1. Horse advises hero not to wash in water (as his false wife told him to) or his eyes will pop out. – India: Thompson-Balys.
B521.1.2. Animal warns man against drinking. India: Thompson-Balys.
B521.2. Animal warns against accident.
B521.2.1. Eagle saves man from falling wall. The grateful eagle swoops down and takes the man's hat, and thus gets him away from the wall that is about to fall. – Fable: Babrius No. 144, Halm Aesop No. 92, Wienert FFC 70 (ET 339), 127 (ST 353).
B521.3. Animals warn against attack. Icel.: Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 87.
B133.1. Horse warns of danger. B141.1. Bird gives warning. D1317. Magic object warns of danger.
B521.3.1. Dogs warn against witch. Jamaica: *Beckwith MAFLS XVII 270 No. 82; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 452.
G250. Recognition of witches.
B521.3.2. Cackling geese spread alarm. *Frazer Fasti II 175 n. 5.
B576.1. Animal as guard of person or house.
B521.3.3. Flea's bite alarms king. Robber tells flea of plan to rob king. During the robbery the flea bites and awakens the king. – *Chauvin II 197 No. 29.
B521.3.3.1. Prince awakened by fly on his nose in time to save himself from enemy. India: Thompson-Balys.
B521.3.4. Dog warns of pursuit. Irish myth: Cross; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 536.
B521.3.5. Owl warns other birds from limed net. India: Thompson-Balys.
B521.4. Animals warn wife of husband's danger. Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 252.
B521.5. Owl saves man from plunging over cliff. Flaps wings and arrests man's attention. – Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 124.
B521.6. Birds warn of enemy's approach. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 390.
B522. Animal saves man from death sentence. India: Thompson-Balys; Jewish: Neuman.
J1130. Cleverness in law court.
B522.1. Serpent shows condemned man how to save prince's life. Bites the prince and then shows the man the proper remedy (cf. B512). By thus ingratiating himself the man is freed from false accusation. – *Type 160; Chauvin II 106 No. 71. – Spanish Exempla: Keller; Clouston Tales I 230; Bødker Exempler 304 No. 75; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda. – Africa (Vai): Ellis 230 No. 39.
W154.8. Grateful animals; ungrateful man.
B522.2. Kite steals jewels and thus saves condemned man. Innocent man in possession of stolen jewels, is about to be apprehended. Kite carries off the jewels and saves him. – *Penzer IV 192 n. 1; India: *Thompson-Balys.
N352. Bird carries off ring which lover has taken from sleeping mistress' finger. He searches for the ring and becomes separated from her.
B522.3. Woman slandered as adulteress is thrown into lion pit. Lions do not harm her. – Italian Novella: Rotunda.
B443. Helpful lion. D1714. Magic power of chaste woman. F980. Extraordinary occurrences concerning animals. H413. Special powers of chaste woman. K2110. Slanders.
B522.4. Eagle carries off condemned child. Irish myth: Cross.
B552. Man carried by bird. R122. Miraculous rescue. R131. Exposed or abandoned child rescued.
B522.4.1. Circling cranes carry away girl. Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 480.
B523. Animal saves man from pursuer. Missouri-French: Carrière.
B521.3.4. Dog warns of pursuit. D1393. Magic object helps fugitive. R246. Crane-bridge.
B523.1. Spider-web over hole saves fugitive. (Cf. A2221.5.) – Type 967*; *Dh II 66f. – *Wesselski Theorie 42. – Jewish: Neuman, Bin Gorion Born Judas2 III 115ff., Grünbaum Neue Beiträge zur Semitischen Sagenkunde 195; Lappish: Qvigstad Lappiske Eventyr I No. 32, II No. 68. – India: Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda; Africa (Fang): Trilles 139.
B523.2. Whale fights monster pursuing saint. Irish myth: Cross.
B472. Helpful Whale.
B523.3. Great clam fights hero's pursuer. Tahiti: Beckwith Myth 260.
B524. Animal overcomes man's adversary. India: *Thompson-Balys.
D2156.8.1. Saint sends tigers against murderers. H1588. Contest of dogs. Two opponents test their powers by having their dogs fight.
B524.1. Animals overcome man's adversary by force. English: Wells Manual of Writings 66 (Ywain and Gawain); Irish myth: Cross; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 98 No. 327; India: *Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 493, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 187.
B17. Hostile animals. B187.3.3. Magic whelp kills hound by jumping down its throat. B776.1. Venomous sheep destroy enemy.
B524.1.1. Dogs kill attacking cannibal (dragon). *Type 300; *BP I 547. – Irish myth: Cross; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 20. – Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 56 No. 9, (Zulu): Callaway 51, (Kaffir): Kidd 226 No. 1.
B11.11. Fight with dragon. B11.11.2. Hero's dogs (horse) prevent dragon's heads from reJoining body. B187. Magic dog. G275.2. Witch overcome by helpful dogs of hero.
B524.1.2. Dogs rescue fleeing master from tree refuge. *Parsons Zs. f. Ethnologie LIV 1 – 29, MAFLS XVII 271 No. 82. – See also most of African references in B421.
G275.2. Witch overcome by helpful dogs of hero. R251. Flight on a tree, which ogre tries to cut down.
B524.1.2.1. Dogs break bonds and kill master's attacker. Type 327; India: Thompson-Balys.
B524.1.3. Cat kills attacking rat. Japanese: Ikeda, Mitford 253ff.
B524.1.4. Wolf defends master's child against serpent. Malone PMLA XLIII 420; Irish myth: Cross.
B524.1.4.1. Dog defends master's child against animal assailant. Irish myth: Cross.
B331.2. Llewellyn and his dog.
B524.1.5. Helpful buffaloes tramp hero's enemies to death. India: Thompson-Balys.
B524.1.5.1. Helpful buffaloes save hero from tiger. India: Thompson-Balys.
B524.1.6. Helpful bird kills snake attacking master's wife and child. Africa (Mbundu): JAFL XXXV 136ff. No. 16.
B524.1.7. Horse kills master's attacking enemies. Irish myth: Cross.
B524.1.8. Shut in with elephants, blackbird orders ants to burrow themselves into the elephants' brains. India: Thompson-Balys.
B524.1.9. Grateful hawk attacks hero's enemies. Chinese: Graham.
B524.1.10. Helpiul centipede kills ogre. Chinese: Graham.
B524.1111. Hero contests with demons, using fighting animals: cock, goat, bull, horse, wild bull, peacock. India: Thompson-Balys.
B524.1.12. Hero saved from ravaging snake by crab companion. India: Thompson-Balys.
B524.2. Animals overcome man's adversary by strategy. Type 545; BP I 325ff., III 487 (Gr. 33a, 214). Icel.: Boberg; Indonesian: DeVries' list No. 48. Africa (Kaffir): Kidd 230 No. 2, (Ekoi): Talbot 233, (Basuto): Jacottet 114 No. 27.
K427. Clever animal betrays thief. K722. Giant tricked into becoming mouse. Cat eats him up.
B524.2.1. Helpful bees (hornets) sting opposing army. Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: *Neuman, Bin Gorion Born Judas III 113ff.; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Anesaki 323.
K2351.2. Bees thrown into redoubt drive out enemies.
B524.2.1.1. Saint sends swarm of bees or wasps against enemies. White Magic 65f.
V229.8. Invaders miraculously defeated by saints. *Loomis
B524.3. Helpful snake protects man from attack. India: Thompson-Balys.
B524.4. Supernatural bird prevents mother from killing babe. Irish myth: Cross.
B172. Magic bird. S12. Cruel mother.
B524.5. Broom, transformed into porcupine, drives away would-be ravisher. India: Thompson-Balys.
B524.6. Grateful hare raises animal army for hero. India: Thompson-Balys.
B524.7. Faithful dog kills would-be murderer of sleeping master. India: Thompson-Balys.
B524.8. Chicken picks out one of attacker's eyes. Jewish: Neuman.
B525. Animal spares man he is about to devour. Spanish Exempla: Keller; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 851. See all references to B381.
B525.1. Tiger hides woman from all other tigers. S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 155, 161, (Carib): ibid. 146.
B526. Animal saves man from death by burning.
D1382. Magic object protects against cold or burning.
D1841.3 Burning magically evaded.
B526.1. Helpful animals quench execution ]ire. Master is to be burned
at stake. Dh I 315.
D1391.1. Miraculous rain extinguishes fire used at stake. Jl180. Clever
means of avoiding legal punishment.
B526.2. Helpful mare cools boiling bath for mster. Hero is made to
bathe in boiling marc's milk. His mare blows on the milk and cools
it. *Köhler-Bolte I 468.
B527. Animal saves man from death by drowning. Saints‘ legend (Irish): Plummer cxlvi (sea birds); Irish myth: Cross; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 747.
B527.1. Fish promises to spare man in coming flood. (Cf. B375.1.) – Hindu: Keith 99; India: Thompson-Balys.
B527.2. Helpful animal stops leak in Noah’s Ark. Dh I 276ff.
B527.3. Owl saves man from drowning: flaps wings to call attention to direction of land. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 125.
B529. Animal saves person‘s life – miscellaneous.
B529.1. Animals (sow, bitch, mare) hide boy in their belly to protect him. India: Thompson-Balys.
B529.2. Dragon swallows arrow (thunderbolt) intended for hero. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
B530. Animals nourish men. Provide food, shelter, or other necessities. – India: Thompson-Balys. – Zanzibar: Bateman 85 No. 6 (ape, lion, snake).
BB530.1. Mythical frog as host to woman. S. A. Indian (Warrau): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 146.
B530.2. Elephants look after ascetic in jungle. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 44.
B531. Animals provide food for men. *Basset 1001 Contes III 295 (birds); *Wesselski Märchen 249 No. 57; Toldo Studien zur vgl. Littgsch. VIII 21; *Fb ”hind“ I 612 (deer); Alphabet Nos. 361. 636. – Irish myth: Cross, Saints’ legend (Irish): Plummer cxliv (otter). – Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. ”nourriture“ (bird, dog); French Canadian: *Barbeau JAFL XXIX 15 (dog); Missouri-French: Carrière; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 328 No 17 (dragon). – Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 217, II 655, 1158; Chinese: Graham; Africa: Stanley 329, (Angola): Chatelain 129 No. 19; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 143, III 80, 198, Rink 227, 413, 462, Holm 84, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 222, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 638, (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 176. – S. A. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 6, (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 155.
B531.1. Infants fed by bees. *Pease Cicero De Divinatione 391 (Bk. I 79), 597; S. A. Indian (Kaiguá): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 139.
B531.2. Unusual milking animal.
B531.2.1. Does, tigresses, she-wolves milked into pond, which becomes a pond of milk. India: Thompson-Balys.
B531.3. Helpful animal recovers magic food-producing skin from river bottom. India: Thompson-Balys.
B531.4. Helpful animal drops magic food. India: Thompson-Balys.
B531.5. Birds save man from hunger by pitching themselves to roast in fire he has made. India: Thompson-Balys.
B535. Animal nurse. Animal nourishes abandoned child. – *Frazer Fasti II 369ff., especially 369 n. 3, 375; Dickson Valentine and Orson 36, 103, 107, 112, 169; *Liebrecht Zur Volkskunde 17ff.; *Nutt FLR IV 1ff.; Penzer II 294; *Fb ”ulv“ III 971 a (Wolf); *BP II 317, III 60ff. – Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Fox 22 (doe), 56 (bear), 118, 155 (goat, crow, sow), 280, Frazer Apollodorus I 397, II 47 n. 2, Roscher s.v. ”Achilleus“; Roman: Fox 307 (Romulus and Remus) (wolf); Persian: Carnoy 330; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. ”chien“ (dog); Missouri-French: Carrière; McCartney Papers of Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters IV (1924) 15 – 42; Wesselski Theorie 19; Icel.: Þiðriks saga I 302 – 03 (hind), Boberg; English: Wells 118 (Octovian) (lion); Chinese: Ferguson 41. – N. A. Indian: Thompson CColl II 387 (Mt. 707), Thompson Tales 316 n. 146b; S. A. Indian (Brazil): Ehrenreich International Congress of Americanists XIV 662. – Indonesian: De Vries Volksverhalen I Nos. 22, 89; India: *Thompson-Balys; – Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 104 No. 15, 190 No. 28, (Wakweli): Bender 49f.
B535.0.1. Cow as nurse cares for children. India: Thompson-Balys.
B535.0.1.1. Bison as nurse for child. India: Thompson-Balys.
B535.0.2. Bandicoot (large rat) as nurse. Cares for children. – India: *Thompson-Balys.
B535.0.3. Goat as nurse for child. Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
B535.0.4. Dog as nurse for child. India: Thompson-Balys.
B535.0.5. Abandoned prince grows up in eagle’s nest. India: Thompson-Balys.
B535.0.6. Frog as nurse for child. India: Thompson-Balys; S. A. Indian (Warrau): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 146.
B535.0.7. Bird as nurse for child. Chinese-Persian: *Coyajee JPASB XXIV 188.
B535.0.7.1. Stork as nurse for child. India: Thompson-Balys.
B535.0.7.2. Crane as nurse for child. India: Thompson-Balys.
B535.0.8. Tiger as nurse for child. S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 161, (Amuesa): ibid. 129.
B535.0.9. She-wolf as nurse for child. *Loomis White Magic 60; Roman myth: Fox 307.
B535.0.10. Sheep and oxen protect exposed child. Chinese: Coyajee JPASB XXIV 188.
B535.0.11. She-wolf cares for baby exposed in the forest. *Loomis White Magic 60.
B535.0.12. Eagle cares for baby while mother works in field. Africa (Fang): Tessman 134.
B535.0.13. Crab as nurse for child. S. A. Indian (Cashinawa): Métraux BBAE 143 III 684.
B535.0.14. Serpent as nurse for child. Greek: Grote I 44; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 529.
B535.1. Goat feeds other animals from its body. Permits them to feed from it internally. – Africa (Benga): Nassau 202 No. 32.
B535.2. Animal nurses fight with real parent for children. India: Thompson-Balys.
B536. Helpful animal cares for wounded (sick) master.
B536.1. Helpful bird cares for blinded master. India: Thompson-Balys.
B537. Animals adopt mysterious housekeeper. India: Thompson-Balys.
B538. Animals provide shelter.
B538.1. Bird gives shelter with wings. (Cf. B450.) – Irish myth: Cross; Günter Christliche Legende des Abendlandes 125; Singer Zs. f. deutsch. Altertum XXXV 184f.; Dunlop-Wilson History of Fiction I 428; Saintyves Saints Successeurs 134; Dh I 321ff.; Hand. d. Abergl. I 187. – Jewish: Neuman; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 104 No. 15.
B538.2. Wolf-tail blankets. Wolves shelter man with their tails. – N. A. Indian (Ojibwa): Jones-Michelson PAES VII (1) 77, Carson JAFL XXX 491 No. 1.
B540. Animal rescuer or retriever. Rescue person or retrieve lost object. – Japanese: Anesaki 320.
B540.1. Birds throw some of their feathers to the hero in danger and he flies off. Lithuanian: Balys Index Nos. *3270, *404.
B540.2. Helpful horse rescues children. India: Thompson-Balys.
B541. Animal rescues man from sea. Type 506; BP III 494ff.; Liljeblad Tobiasgeschichte 94; Missouri-French: Carrière.
B541.1. Escape from sea on fish‘s back. (See also B551.) – *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 868; *Chauvin V 4 No. 2.
B541.1.1. Fish swallows man to rescue him from sea. India: Thompson-Balys.
B541.2. Fox rescues man from sea. Type 506; BP III 494ff.; – N. A. Indian: Thompson CColl II 405ff. (Passamaquoddy, Shuswap).
B541.3. Bird rescues man from sea. (Cf. B542, B450.) – *Liljeblad Tobiasgeschichte 94. – N. A. Indian (Ojibwa): Thompson CColl II 408.
B541.4. Dog rescues drowning man. Type 540*.
B541.4.1. Boat towed by dog. Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 505, (Greenland): Rink 196.
B541.5. Fish rescues ship. (Cf. B470.) – *Charpentier Kleine Beiträge 34 n. 1.
B542. Animal carries man through air to safety.
B542.1. Bird flies with man to safety. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B542.1.1. Eagle carries man to safety. *Type 301; BP II 300 (Gr. No. 91). See all references under B322.1. – Irish myth: Cross; Missouri-French: Carrière; Finnish: Kalevala rune 7; Japanese: Hartland Science 194, Ikeda. – Africa (Kaffir): Theal 47, 127, (Vai): Ellis 242 No. 49.
B542.1.2. Bat rescues man from height. Bat lets him down in a spider-web basket. – N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 318 n. 151b, Calif. Indian: Gayton and Newman 95.
B542.1.3. Measuring worm rescues from a height. Calif. Indian: Gayton and Newman 76.
B542.2. Escape on flying horse. (Cf. B41.2.) – *Chauvin V 227f. No. 130; Missouri-French: Carrière; India: *Thompson-Balys.
B542.2.1. Transportation to fairyland on griffin‘s back. India: Thompson-Balys.
B543. Animal finds stolen person. Scotch: Campbell I 1ff. (dog, hawk, otter). – India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 232 No. 34.
B543.0.1. Animal helps on quest for vanished wife. India: Thompson-Balys.
B543.1. Bottlefly finds stolen woman in sky. Calif. Indian: Gayton and Newman 79.
B543.2. Animal finds stolen goods. India: Thompson-Balys.
B543.3. Stolen child rescued by animal nurse. (Cf. B535.) – Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; *Krappe Balor 80ff.
B543.3.1. Elephant rescues stolen girl. India: Thompson-Balys.
B544. Animal rescues captive. *Fb ”höj“ I 741 b (fox); Missouri-French: Carrière; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 17 No. 8. – Africa (Zulu): Callaway 147, 241 (dog, frog), (Cameroon): Meinhof 88, 102.
B544.1. Animals help imprisoned master. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 180.
B545. Animal rescues from trap (net). *Type 75. See references to B363. – Penzer V 79 n. 2 (mouse); Japanese: Ikeda.
B545.1. Deer in net freed by friendly animals, a crow, a mouse and a tortoise. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
B545.2. Rat (mouse) gnaws net. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B546. Animal searches for dead man. Breton: Sébillot s.v. ”mort“ (dog).
B547. Animal rescues man from dangerous place.
B547.1. Animal rescues man from well. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B547.2. Raven rescues man from pit. French-Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule (B542.3).
B547.2.1 number of buzzards, ties them together, frightens them; all fly at once, carry him from hole. (Tall tale.) Cf. Type 1882. – U.S.: Baughman.
B547.3. Centaur rescues man from beast-infested jungle. Greek: Grote I 109.
B547.4. Frog rescues man from kingdom of the snakes. India: Thompson-Balys.
B548. Animal retrieves lost object.
B548.1. Animals recover lost wishing ring. Grateful cat, dog, and snake compel mouse to steal it from thief. – *Type 560; **Aarne MSFO XXV 3 – 82; *BP II 455ff.; Dh IV 147ff. – Missouri-French: Carrière; India: *Thompson-Balys. – Indonesian: De Vries’ list No. 186; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 24ff. No. 13, 68.
B548.1.1. Martens recover lost magic ring from kite. India: Thompson-Balys.
B548.1.2. Otters recover lost magic ring from fish. India: Thompson-Balys.
B548.2. Fish brings lost object from bottom of sea.
B548.2.1. Fish recovers ring from sea. *Type 554; *BP II 19ff.; *Fb ”gjedde“ I 440a, ”ring“ III 61a; Wünsche (A.) Die Sage vom Ring des Polykrates in der Weltliteratur (Beilage zur Allgemeinen Zeitung, 1893, Nos. 179, 180, 185, 188); Chauvin V 17; Köhler-Bolte II 209; Clouston Tales I 398ff.; Saintyves Essais de folklore biblique 402. – Irish myth: Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Greek: Fox 101; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 69 No. 515; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys. Cf. L412.1. Woman casts ring into sea.
B548.2.2. Fish recovers key from sea. *Type 554; *BP II 19ff.; *Fb ”haj“ I 534, ”fisk“ I 296, ”ring“ III 61a. – Irish myth: Cross, Beal XXI 308; Missouri-French: Carrière.
B548.2.2.1. Frog recovers keys from sea. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
B548.2.2.2. Duck recovers lost key from sea. German: Grimm No. 62.
B548.2.3. Fish recovers lost fish-hook from sea. Hatt Asiatic Influences 90f.; *Dixon 157 n. 6 (Indonesian, Japanese, N. Pac. Coast Am. Indian, Micmac); Japanese: Ikeda.
B548.2.4. Fish recovers pen from sea. *Type 531.
B548.2.5. Fish recovers lost urn from sea. Irish myth: Cross.
B548.3. Otter retrieves lost magic object from bottom of lake. India: Thompson-Balys.
B548.4. Ducks recover lost object from water. Madagascar (Marofotsy): Renel Contes de Madagascar I 65ff. No. 9.
B548.5. Frog recovers Sacred Host from water. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
B548.6. Jewel recovered from sea by helpful parrot. India: Thompson-Balys.
B549. Animal rescuer – miscellaneous.
B549.1. Girl saved by lion from ravishment. (Cf. B443.) – Alphabet No. 775; *Loomis White Magic 58; U.S.: Baughman.
B549.2. Dragon makes bridge across stream for holy man. (Cf. B11.) – Jewish: Bin Gorion Born Judas@2 II 170, 349.
B549.3. Abandoned child rescued by dog. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
B549.4. Animal rescues from cave. Chinese: Eberhart FFC CXX 180.
B549.5. Hero saved from ravaging snake by crab companion. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B550. Animals carry men. – India: *Thompson-Balys.
B551. Animal carries man across water. India: Thompson-Balys.
B551.1. Fish carries man across water. See also B541.1; also all references in R246. – Gunter Die Christliche Legende des Abendlandes 17, 56, 80 (dolphin). – Chinese: Werner 366. – *Dixon 72 n. 56 (Hawaii, Tahiti, Celebes).
B551.1.0.1. Fish carries man to upper world. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 42 No. 302* A.
B551.2. Aquatic bird carries man across water. India: Thompson-Balys.
B551.2.1. Parrots carry couple across the sea. India: Thompson-Balys.
B551.3. Crocodile carries man across river (ocean). India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 365.
B551.4. Water snake carries boy across river. India: Thompson-Balys.
B551.5. Turtle (tortoise) carries person across river (ocean). Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 997; Tonga: Gifford 53.
B552. Man carried by bird. See all references in B542.1. and B542.1.1. – Chauvin V 230 No. 130, VII 12; *Reinhard PMLA XXXVIII 433 nn. 24, 26. – Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 37 n. 4 (Ganymede); Jewish: Neuman*, Bin Gorion Born Judas@2 I 228; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. ”nid“; Irish myth: Cross, Saints’ legend (Irish): Plummer cxlvi. – Missouri-French: Carrière. – German New Guinea: Dixon 141f. India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 38f.; Africa: Stanley 83, (Boloki): Weeks 202f., (Upoto): Einstein 138, (Pangwe): Tessman 370, (Fang): ibid. 160.
B552.1. Alexander carried by two birds with meat held in front of them. Jewish: Neuman; Gaster Exempla 186 No. 5.
B552.2. Man carried by peacock. India: Thompson-Balys.
B552.3. Indra carried by cock. India: Thompson-Balys.
B555. Animals serve as bridge across stream. Jewish: Neuman (snake); Persian: Carnoy 289 (ox); Burmese: Scott Indo-Chinese 274 (snake); Chinese: Werner 190 (magpie); Korean: Zong in-Sob 6 No. 2. (fish and tortoise). – India: Thompson-Balys; S. A. Indian (Ceuici): Alexander Lat. Am 304 (herons).
B556. Sea-beast allows voyager to land upon his back. Irish myth: Cross.
B557. Unusual animal as riding-horse. *BP II 483 (Gr. 108) (cock); Tobler Epiphanie der Seele 72f. (goat, goose, snake); *Fb ”buk“ IV 77a (goat); Penzer II 143. – Missouri-French: Carrière; Icel.: Boberg; English: Wells 114 (lion, unicorn, leopard); Jewish: Bin Gorion Born Judas@2 III 148; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 392 (tiger).
B557.1. Man carried on goat‘s horns. (Goat is transformed man.) – German: Grimm No. 163.
B557.2. Saint carried by wild oxen. Irish myth: Cross.
B557.3. Man carried by deer. Irish myth: Cross; *Loomis White Magic 61; India: *Thompson-Balys.
B557.4. Crocodile as means of transportation for a saint. *Loomis White Magic 64.
B557.5. Person carried by lion. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
B557.6. Magic dog carries owner in his ear. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 64.
B557.7. Person carried by cat. India: Thompson-Balys.
B557.8. Person carried by cobra. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B557.9. Person carried by locust. India: Thompson-Balys.
B557.10. Person carried by tiger. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B557.11. Person (animal) carried by elephant.
B557.11.1. Hero rides on animated wax elephant. India: Thompson-Balys.
B557.11.2. Hero rides on winged elephant. – India: Thompson-Balys.
B557.11.3. Hare rides on winged elephant. Africa (Cameroon): Meinhof 12.
B557.12. Person carried by peacock. – India: *Thompson-Balys.
B557.13. Jackal rides on fox. India: Thompson-Balys.
B557.14. Person carried by frog. India: Thompson-Balys.
B557.15. Wolf carries man. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
B558. Unusual draft-animal.
B558.1. Boat drawn by swans (geese). **Boekenoogen Ridder metter Swane 166ff. – Krappe Balor 44; *Fb ”svane“ III 664 – Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 262. – N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 358 n. 287 n.
B558.2. Swans harnessed to chariot. Chauvin V 230 No. 130. – Greek: Sappho ”Ode to Aphrodite“ (Team of sparrows). – Hindu: Keith 108, Penzer VIII 151f.
B558.3. Hen hitched to wagon. *Fb ”höne“ I 750b.
B558.4. Deer hitched to wagon. Irish myth: Cross.
B558.5. Mice hitched to wagon. Fb. ”mus“.
B558.6. Wild animals yoked by saint to his plough. *Loomis White Magic 60.
B558.7. Winged serpents pull chariot through sky. Greek: Grote I 112 (Medea).
B559. Animals carry men – miscellaneous.
B559.1. Man carried by toad. Chinese: Graham.
B560. Animals advise men. Type 400 and references on the whole section in this work concerned with Helpful Animals (B300 – 599), since advice is very frequently part of the help. – *BP I 134; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 28.
B560.1. Grateful dragon king gives hero advice. Korean: Zong in-Sob 170, No. 73.
B561. Animals tell hero their secrets. Do so voluntarily. – *BP II 482.
B562. Animals’ advice leads man to wealth. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B562.1. Animal shows man treasure. Irish myth: Cross; Icel.: Boberg; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 78 No. 651. – India: *Thompson-Balys; *Norlind Skattsägner 37ff., 41ff.; Chauvin II 109 No. 73, *117 No. 97. – Chinese: Graham, Werner 380; Japanese: Ikeda; Africa (Swahili): Steere 13ff.
B562.1.0.1. Helpful animal discovers jewel. Africa (Swahili): Steere 13ff., Meinhof Afrikanische Märchen 9ff. No. 1, Bateman 99ff. No. 7.
B562.1.1. Hogs root up gold (treasure) for saint. Irish myth: Cross.
B562.1.2. Horse kicks up jewel. Irish myth: Cross.
B562.1.3. Birds show man treasure. Doves saved by monk from death show him where to dig for treasure. – Spanish Exempla: Keller; Bødker Exempler 305 No. 77.
B562.2. Animal advises about investment. Chinese: Werner 381 (fox).
B563. Animals direct man on journey. Type 400; Schoepperle Tristan and Isolt I 190f.; Dickson Valentine and Orson 54 n. 67; *Günter Christliche Legende des Abendlandes 235 s.v. ”Führung“; *DeCock Studien en Essays 200ff.; *Fb ”Ravn“ III 23a. – India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Benga): Nassau No. 33, (Basuto): Jacottet 140 No. 20, 202 No. 30, (Ekoi): Talbot 209.
B563.1. Lion leads lost king from forest. (Cf. B431.2.) – Dickson Valentine and Orson 123 n. 75.
B563.1.1. Horses carry lost riders to safety. India: Thompson-Balys.
B563.1.2. Chimpanzee leads lost hunter home. Africa (Duala): Lederbogen 146.
B563.2. Birds point out road to hero. (Cf. B151.0.3.). – E. Norden P. Vergilius Maro Æneis Buch VI p. 170; Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 216 (ravens); Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
B563.3. Squirrel points out road. India: Thompson-Balys.
B563.4. Animal leads cleric to holy place. Irish myth: Cross (B549.7).
B563.4.1. Animal leads lost man home. Irish myth: Cross (B549.7).
B563.4.1.1. Tiger guides lost man home; hence men do not eat tigers. India: Thompson-Balys.
B563.4.1.2. Jackal leads lost men out of wilderness. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
B563.5. Wild leopards guide Jesus and the Holy Family through wilderness in flight to Egypt. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
B563.6. Birds as scouts. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 466.
B563.7. Bird conducts navigators to landing place. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 92.
B565. Parrot gives advice to queen playing chess, and she always wins. India: Thompson-Balys.
B569. Animals advise men – miscellaneous.
B569.1. Owl advises old man of projected visit by gods (in disguise). India: Thompson-Balys.
B569.2. Owl advises old man where to plant his crops after listening in to council of gods concerning rainfall distribution for the year. – India: Thompson-Balys.
B569.3. Mosquito gives hero advice as to which choice to make. Korean: Zong in-Sob 18 No. 8.
B570. Animals serve men. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B571. Animals perform tasks for man. *Type 554; BP I 134, II *21ff.; Köhler-Bolte I 397; *Fb ”fugl“ I 381a; Köhler Zs. f. Vksk. VI 71 (to Gonzenbach No. 32). – Arabian: Burton S VI 9 – 11. – Indonesian, Malay: Dixon 216, 217, *218 n. 23. – India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 28, 80 No. 46. – Carib: Alexander Lat. Am. 264; Chincha: ibid. 231; Quiché: ibid. 174; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Missouri-French: Carrière.
B571.1. Animals help man overcome monster with external soul. Discover where he keeps his soul. – BP I 134; Type 302. – Missouri-French: Carrière.
B571.2. Animal who arrives late performs tasks for man. (Cf. L147.1.) – Cosquin I 49f.; Missouri-French: Carrière.
B571.3. Animals fight together with their master. Icel.: *Boberg.
B571.4. Bear husks millet for man. India: Thompson-Balys.
B572. Animals as carpenter (builder). Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 188, II 819.
B572.1. Animals build palace (house) for man. India: Thompson-Balys; Samoa: Beckwith Myth 536 (rats).
B572.2. Birds build canoe for master. Maori: Clark 98.
B574. Animals as domestic servants. India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 798 (elephant).
B575. Animal as constant attendant of man. *Pauli (ed Bolte) No. 649; Type 74*; Fb (”orne“ II 760, ”ravn“) III 23a (boar, raven); *Zingerle Sagen aus Tirol 588 (ravens). – Irish myth: Cross; Scotch: Campbell II 279 – 289; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 15; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 298 No. 13; English: Wells 20 (William of Palerne), 118f. (Octovian); Jewish: Neuman (steer); Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 921 (owl), Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 37 (birds); Maori: Clark 54 (birds); Africa (Angola): Chatelain 53 No. 2.
B575.1. Wild animals kept as dogs. Icel.: *Boberg; N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 308 n. 113d; Eskimo (E. Greenland): Rasmussen I 318, 363, Rink 248 (fox), (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 599 (walrus).
B575.2. Bird rests on person’s shoulders. Type 709. – Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 2 (and note 2).
B576. Animal as guard. Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Tonga: Gifford 77 (shark), 84; Fiji: Beckwith Myth 131 (hawk, prawn).
B576.1. Animal as guard of person or house. Rösch FFC LXXVII 107 (Type 516); *Fb ”bjørn“ IV 42a, ”løve“ II 518; Chauvin VI 6 No. 182; *Loomis White Magic 63; Dickson Valentine and Orson 198; Irish myth: Cross; Missouri French: Carrière; English: Wells 60 (Syre Gawene and the Carle of Carelyle). – Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 704 (elephant); Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 24 (bird), 129 (shark), 84, 349 (dog). – N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 308 n. 113c. – Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 273 No. 86; Africa (Hottentot): Bleek 55 No 28.
B576.1.1. Guardian animals evaded. N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 367 n. 113a.
B576.1.2. Robbers frightened by grateful dog. India: Thompson-Balys.
B576.2. Animals guard treasure. *Fb ”höne“ I 750b, ”hund“, I 675 b (hen, dog) – Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. ”animaux“; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 294 No. 9, 325 No. 4. – *Norlind Skattsägner 53; *Winter Deutsche Schatzsagen 54, 61; Danish: Kristensen Da. Sagn III (1895) 455ff.; (1931) 311ff. – England-U.S.: *Baughman (dog, cat, sow, goat, snake, bird, crow, raven, cock, drake, swan and night-bird). India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham (tiger).
B576.3. Animal as herdsman.
B576.3.1. Fish guards cow for master. India: Thompson-Balys.
B576.4. Animal guards master‘s dead body. Jewish: Neuman.
B576.5. Animal as guard of shop. Azov JPASB II 403.
B578. Dogs track down law-breakers. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
B579. Animals serve man otherwise.
B579.1. Animal accompanies man on journey. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.
B579.2. Helpful cow strikes at flies, while boy eats. Chinese: Graham.
B579.3. Animal corrects examination paper for his rescuer. Chinese: Graham.
B579.4. Animals help repair leaky pot. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B579.5. Serpent acts as a rope to collect wood for man. India: Thompson-Balys.
B579.6. Faithful dog is offered as security for a debt. India: Thompson-Balys.
B579.7. Animal earns money for master. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 166.
B580. Animal helps men to wealth and greatness. *Type 671; BP I 322; *Ward Catalogue of Romances III 208, Oesterley Gesta Romanorum No. 141, *Warnke Quellen des Esope der Marie de France 221ff. – India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 189; Papua: Ker XLI 147.
B581. Animal brings wealth to man. *Type 545; BP I 325, *331; Fb ”hjort“ I 625a, ”kat“ IV 225b. – Breton: Hartland Science 174; Missouri-French: Carrière; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: Neuman: India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda, Mitford 270 ff.
B582. Animal helps person to success in love.
B582.1. Animal wooer. India: Thompson-Balys.
B582.1.1. Animal wins wife for his master (Puss in Boots). *Type 545B; BP I 325, III 487; Fb ”kat“ IV 255b. – Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Korean: Zong in-Sob 89 No. 48; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 336.
B582.1.1.1. Goose brings master sleeping princess. India: Thompson-Balys.
B582.1.2. Animal wins husband for mistress. *Type 545A; *BP I 325ff., III 487. – Indonesian: De Vries‘ List Nos. 180, 209 (monkey, bird).
B582.2. Animals help hero win princess. *Type 554, 559, cf. 552, 553; *BP I 134, II 21, 454 n. 1, III 425. – Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 28.
B582.2.1. Hero carried by bird to mistress’ chamber. *Chauvin V 242 No. 142.
B582.2.2. Rat digs underground passage to girl‘s chamber for hero. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B582.2.3. Swan as matchmaker. India: Thompson-Balys.
B582.2.4. Bee as matchmaker. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 175f.
B582.2.5. Dove helps deity draw his wife into a net. Marquesas: Handy 115.
B583. Animal gives treasure to man. India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Yoruba): Frobenius Atlantis X 222ff., No. 14, (Swahili): Stigand Black Tales for White Children 97ff. No. 15.
B583.1. Grateful whales disgorge gold. India: Thompson-Balys.
B584. Animal gives man other gifts. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 29.
B584.1. Fox holds in its mouth a beautiful flower which he gives to hero. India: Thompson-Balys.
B587. Animal wins contest for man.
B587.1. Magic horse wins jumping contest for man. India: Thompson-Balys.
B587.2. Fly helps loathly suitor pass suitor test. India: Thompson-Balys.
B587.3. Grateful bull draws one hundred carts for wager for master. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 29.
B589. Animal helps man to wealth and greatness – miscellaneous.
B589.1. Eagle regains throne for deposed king. India: Thompson-Balys.
B590. Miscellaneous services of helpful animals.
A34. Birds as creator's servants. A165.1.1. Birds as messengers of the gods. A165.1.2. Cock as ambassador of god.A812. Earth diver. A1021.2. Bird scouts sent out from ark. A1415.2. Theft of fire by animals. A2221.2.1. Flies on Christ's body rewarded. B292. Animal in service to man.
B591. Animal avenges murder. Jewish: Neuman.
B301.2. Faithful animal at master's grave avenges his murder. Q211. Murder punished. Q557. Miraculous punishment through animal.
B591.0.1. Animals refuse to devour Cain to avenge murder of Abel. Jewish: Neuman.
B591.1. Lion kills wolf who has killed mistress' sheep. Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 131 No. 24.
B591.2. Horse kicks to death master's murderer. India: Thompson-Balys.
B592. Animals bequeath characteristics to man. Horse gives him the characteristics of youth (fiery), cow of middle age (avaricious), and the dog of old age (fractious). – Fable: Halm Aesop No. 173; BP III 290; Köhler-Bolte I 42ff.; Babrius No. 74; Wienert FFC LVI *70 (ET 347), 127 (ST 358).
A1321. Man and animals readjust span of life. Man is given a portion of animals' lives.
B593. Animal as house-spirit.
A411. Household gods. F480. House-spirits.
B593.1. Snake as house-spirit. *Fb "snog" III 436b.
B594. Animal rejuvenates person.
D1338. Magic object rejuvenates. D1880. Magic rejuvenation.
B594.1. Bird rejuvenates person (Cf. B172). – *Chauvin VI 73f. No. 239.
B596. Animal helps saint by setting fire to neglected church. Irish myth: Cross.
B597. Cow gives marvelous supply of milk through virtue of saint. Irish myth: Cross.
B109.4.3. Cow gives milk without cessation. B182. Magic cow. D1652.3. Cow with inexhaustible milk.
B598. Animal as confederate of adulterous wife.
K1591. Seventy tales of a parrot prevent a wife's adultery.
B598.1. Boar as confederate of adulterous wife. India: Thompson-Balys.
B598.2. Deer as confederate of adulterous wife. India: Thompson-Balys.
B599. Other services of helpful animals.
B599.1. Cock and hen build pyre for benefactor. India: Thompson-Balys.
B599.2. Animal helps person pass test. India: Thompson-Balys.
H162. Recognition of disguised princess by bee lighting on her.
B599.3. Elephant draws plow to mark boundaries of empire. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 528.

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