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Prevuius group

Group No. 42


B. Animals

Group No.

B400 – B499

Group name

Kinds of helpful animals


B400. Helpful domestic beasts. India: Thompson-Balys.
B401. Helpful horse. *Type 314, 502, 531, 532; BP III 94ff., III 18ff., II 273ff; *Fb "nest"; *Köhler-Bolte I 468. – Wienert FFC LVI *70 (ET 347), 127 (ST 358); Halm Aesop No. 173 (Cf. BP III 290ff.); Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 94; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 372 n. 1. – Irish myth: Cross; Icel.: *Boberg; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Italian Novella: Rotunda. – Breton: *Sébillot Incidents s.v. "animaux"; French Canadian: *Barbeau JAFL XXIX 15; Missouri French: Carrière; Cape Verde Islands: *Parson MAFLS XV (1) 277 No. 91, 281 No. 92. – India: *Thompson-Balys. – Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 280, 284.
B133. Truth-speaking horse. B149.1. Prophetic horse. B151. Horse determines road to be taken. B181. Magic horse.B211.3. Speaking horse.
B401.1. Helpful water-horse. Irish myth: Cross.
B181.3. Magic horse from water world.
B402. Helpful ass. *Fb "æsel" III 1155a. – India: Thompson-Balys.
B102. Gold-producing ass.
B403. Helpful mule. Breton: *Sébillot Incidents s.v. "mule", "animaux".
B405. Helpful camel. India: Thompson-Balys. Africa (Hausa): Tremearne FL XXII 464ff. No. 50, Hausa Superstitions and Customs 380ff. No. 80.
B411. Helpful cow. (Cf. B354.) – *Type 510A; Cox passim. – Halm Aesop No. 173, Wienert FFC LVI *70 (ET 347), 127 (ST 358). – Irish myth: Cross. – Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "animaux"; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham, Eberhard FFC CXX 52 No. 32.
B182. Magic cow (ox, bull). B182.1. Magic cow gives red milk. B394. Cow grateful for being milked. B535.0.1. Cow as nurse cares for children.
B411.1. Helpful bull. (Cf. B182.3.1.) – Cox Cinderella 365 (Swedish). – Irish myth: Cross. – Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "animaux". – India: Thompson-Balys. – N. A. Indian (Wyandot): Thompson CColl II 412; Missouri-French: Carrière.
B182. Magic cow (ox, bull).
B411.2. Helpful ox. French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 15. – Irish myth: Cross. – India: Thompson-Balys. – Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 76 No. 12, 240 No. 35, (Kaffir): Theal 169.
B182.2. Magic ox. X1237.2. Lie: Paul Bunyan's ox.
B411.3. Helpful calf. Fb "kalv".
B411.4. Helpful buffalo. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B411.4.1. Helpful bison. India: Thompson-Balys.
B411.5. Helpful bullock. India: Thompson-Balys.
B411.6. Helpful steer. Jewish: Neuman.
B412. Helpful sheep. Type 510; *Cox 477 n. 7.; Missouri-French: Carrière; India: Thompson-Balys.
B189.1. Magic sheep. D1652.14. Sheep with inexhaustible wool.
B413. Helpful goat. Type 510; Cox 473f. n. 2. – Irish myth: Cross, Beal XXI325; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "chevre", "animaux"; Missouri French: Carrière; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 294 No. 9, 298 No. 13, 325 No. 4. – Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys. – Africa (Angola): Chatelain 53 No. 2, (Benga): Nassau 202 No. 32.
B414. Helpful hog. Fb "svin" III 676a. – Irish myth: Cross. – India: Thompson-Balys. – Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 144, 197.
B562.1.1. Hogs root up gold for saint.
B414.1. Helpful boar. India: Thompson-Balys.
B183. Magic boar. B256.6. Boar serves saint.
B421. Helpful dog. (Cf. B524.1.1, B268.2.1. War-dogs.) *Types 300, 400, 560; *BP II 455ff., I 331, 547; *Emeneau "The Faithful Dog as Security for a Debt," Journal of the American Oriental Society LXI 1 – 17; *Hartland Perseus III 191ff.; *Aarne MSFO XXV 48; *Dh IV 147ff. – Fable: Halm Aesop No. 173; *BP III 290; Wienert FFC LVI *70 (ET 347), 127 (ST 358). – Irish myth: Cross; Icel.: *Boberg. – Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "chien", "mort", "nourriture"; *Fb "hund" IV 226b; Alphabet of Tales No. 271. – English: Wells Manual of Writings 121 (Sir Triamour); Scotch: Campbell I 7; French Canadian: *Barbeau JAFL XXIX 15, 20; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 48 No. 327; Jamaican: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 270 No. 82. – Jewish: Neuman. India: *Thompson-Balys. – Japanese: Anesaki 322, Ikeda; Korean: Zong in-Sob 93 No. 51. – Africa (Zulu): Callaway 51, 142, (Basuto): Jacottet 56 No. 9, 140 No. 20, (Kaffir): Kidd 226 No. 1, Theal 126, (Benga): Nassau 140 No. 16, (Angola): Chatelain 127 No. 12; N. A. Indian (Thompson River): Teit JAFL XXIX 304 (Type 403). See references in B524.1.
A35. Creator's dog. B121. Dog with magic wisdom. B134. Truth-telling dog. B153. Dog's barking indicates hidden treasure. B187. Magic dog. B211.7. Speaking dog. B521.3.1. Dogs warn against witch. B524.1.1. Dog saves life – kills cannibal (ogre).
B422. Helpful cat. *Types 402, 545, 560; *BP I 325, II 30, 455, III 487; *Aarne MSFO XXV 48; *Dh IV 147ff.; *Fb "kat" II 108a. – Irish myth: Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "chat"; Missouri French: Carrière; Scotch: Campbell II 279, *284ff.; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Mitford 253; Korean: Zong in-Sob 28 No. 12; Tonga: Gifford 201.
B184. Magic cat. B211.8. Speaking cat. K722. Giant tricked into becoming mouse. Cat eats him up.
B430. Helpful wild beasts. India: Thompson-Balys.
B431. Helpful wild beasts – felidae.
B431.1. Helpful leopard. Africa (Akan-Ashanti): Rattray Akan-Ashanti Folk Tales 206 No. 53.
B431.2. Helpful lion. (Cf. B549.1.) – *Type 156 (see all references for B381), *Type 590; *BP III 1 (Gr. No. 121); *Fb "love" II 518b; Dickson Valentine and Orson 107 n. 17, 118 n. 51. – Icel.: Boberg. – Irish myth: Cross; English: Wells 66 (Ywain and Gawain), 118f. (Octavian). – *Hibbard 271 n. 3. – Spanish Exempla: Keller. – Italian Novella: Rotunda. – Saintyves Saints Successeurs 252. – French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule; Missouri French: Carrière. – Jewish: Neuman. – India: *Thompson-Balys. – Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 131 No. 24, (Zanzibar): Bateman 82 No. 6.
B431.3. Helpful tiger. India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 263; Korean: Zong in-Sob 82, No. 45.
B431.4. Helpful panther. Fable: Phaedrus III 2; Wienert FFC LVI 70 (ET 346), 127 (ST 357).
B433. Helpful wild beasts – mustelidae.
B433.1. Helpful otter. Saints' legend (Irish): Plummer cxliv; Irish myth: Cross.
B292.7. Otters supply man with fish and burning wood daily. B548.3. Otter recovers lost book from water.
B433.2. Helpful badger. Jewish: Neuman; Japanese: Mitford 270ff.
B433.3. Helpful ichneumon. India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Nao): Held Märchen und Sagen der afrikanischen Neger 132ff.
B433.4. Helpful mongoose. Chauvin II 100 No. 59; Bødker Exempler 299 No. 64; India: *Thompson-Balys.
B311.2.1. Woman slays faithful mongoose which has saved her child.
B435. Helpful wild beasts – canidae and other carnivora.
B435.1. Helpful fox. *Types 506, 545, 550; *BP I 331, 503, III 487, 490ff.; Hdwb. d. Abergl. IIl 179. – Sébillot RTP III 394; *Fb "höj" I 741, "ræv" III 113b. – Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "animaux". – Missouri French: Carrière; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys. – Chinese: Werner 380f., Krappe CFQ III (1944) 126, Eberhard FFC CXX 29 No. 17. – Japanese: Mitford 261ff. – N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 342 n. 233. – Africa (Tonga): Gifford 123.
B144. Prophetic fox. B253.3. Fox fasts as penance. B259.5. Fly, wren, fox live with cleric. B291.3.1. Fox as messenger.B294. Fox as divider of dying man's gifts. B514.1. Fox as healer. B541.2. Fox rescues man from sea. B651.1. Marriage to fox in human form.
B435.2. Helpful jackal. BP I 331; India: *Thompson-Balys.
B563.4.1. Jackal leads lost men out of wilderness.
B435.3. Helpful wolf. *Type 428; *Fb "ulv" IV 971a. – English: Wells Manual of Writings 20 (William of Palerne) (werwolf). – Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "animaux". – Irish myth: Cross. – Italian Novella: Rotunda. – Jewish: Neuman. – Missouri-French: Carrière. – See also references for B535.
B435.4. Helpful bear. *Fb "Bjørn" IV 42a, 43a. – Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Missouri-French: Carrière.
B435.5. Helpful seal. Irish myth: Cross.
B435.6. Helpful hyena. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
B437. Helpful wild beasts – rodentia. – India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 317 n. 147. – Tehuelche (Pategonia): Alexander Lat. Am. 335.
B437.1. Helpful rat. *Fb "rotte" III 83b. – India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 180. – Korean: Zong in-Sob 28 No. 12. – Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 214 No. 31, (Benga): Nassau 208 No. 33.
K1182. Rat leaves serpent behind, though spared to rescue him.
B437.1.1. Helpful bandicoot. India: Thompson-Balys.
B535.0.2. Bandicoot (large rat) as nurse cares for children.
B437.2. Helpful mouse. *Type 75, cf. Type 560. – Jewish: Neuman; Penzer V 79 n. 2. – India: *Thompson-Balys, Bødker Exempler 290 Nos 45, 46; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Missouri-French: Carrière. – Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 268. – Africa (Kaffir): Theal 85, Kidd 230 No. 2, (Basuto): Jacottet 190 No. 28.
J426.1. Mouse helps wild cat escape from snares. K632. Mice gnaw enemies' bow-strings and prevent pursuit.
B437.3. Helpful squirrel. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges. – India: Thompson-Balys. – Chinese: Graham. – Africa (Fang): Trilles Bulletin de la Société Neuchâteloise de Geographie XVI 238ff. No. 23.
B563.3. Squirrel points out road. H1121. Task: picking all nuts from tall tree. (Performed by grateful squirrel.
B437.4. Helpful rabbit (hare). Fb "hare" IV 201a; Dh I 276ff. – Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "animaux". – Japanese: Anesaki 318.
B441. Helpful wild beasts – primata.
B441.1. Helpful monkey. Penzer IX 47 n. 1; BP I 331. – Jewish: Neuman. – India: *Thompson-Balys; Indonesian: DeVries' List No. 180. – Chile: Pino Saavedra 402, 404.
B441.1.1. Helpful ape. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 180. – Africa: Rochemonteix Quelques Contes Nubiens 48ff. No. 4, 55ff. No. 5, Basset Contes populaires d'Afrique 133ff. No. 52, (Bambara): Travele Proverbes et Contes Bambara 200f. No. 65, (Temne): Schlender 87ff. No. 7, (Swahili): Steere 13ff.
B443. Helpful wild beasts – ungulata.
B443.1. Helpful deer (stag, doe). *Fb "hjort", "hind". – Irish myth: Cross; Saints' legend (Irish): Plummer cxlii – cxliv. – Jewish: Neuman. – India: *Thompson-Balys. – Korean: Zong in-Sob 22 No. 11. – Africa (Angola): Chatelain 159 No. 19.
B188. Magic deer. B292.4. Stags plow for man. Also draw chariot, bear burdens, and allow saints to use their horns as a book rest.
B443.2. Helpful antelope. Southeastern Africa: Macdonald FL III 352ff. No. 4.
B443.3. Helpful elephant. *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 649; India: *Thompson-Balys.
B443.4. Helpful gazelle. BP I 331.
B443.5. Helpful wild hog (boar). Madagascar: Sibree FLJ II 45ff., Renel Contes de Madagascar I 65ff. No. 9, 140ff. No. 25, Ferrand 102ff. No. 32.
B443.6. Helpful hippopotamus. Africa (Ganda): Baskerville King of the Snakes 47f.
B443.7. Helpful wild ox. Irish myth: Cross.
B557.2. Saint carried by wild oxen.
B449. Helpful wild beasts – miscellaneous.
B449.1. Helpful hedgehog. Dh I 276ff.; India: Thompson-Balys.
B449.2. Helpful mole. Canadian: Gautier (B449.13).
B449.3. Helpful bat. N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 318 n. 151b.
B450. Helpful birds. *Köhler-Bolte I 185, 277; *Type 781; *Chauvin II 109 No. 73, V 242 No. 142; *Basset 1001 Contes III 295; *Fb "fugl"; Wesselski Märchen 231. – Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 101; Irish myth: Cross; English: Child Eng.-Scot. Pop. Ballads II 113 n., 356ff., 362f., 365f., III 4, 8; IV 412, 482, 485f.; V 234. – Italian Novella: Rotunda; Missouri French: Carrière. – Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda. – Indonesian: DeVries' List No. 209. – Mono-Alu: Wheeler 20, 36, 46, 60f. – Papua: Ker 41, 45, 57, 64, 103. – New Hebrides: Codrington No. III 8. N. A. Indian (Pawnee): Alexander N. Am. 81. – Africa (Benga): Nassau 140 No. 16, (Ekoi): Talbot 233, (Angola): Chatelain 145 No. 14, (Kaffir): Theal 37, 47, 127, (Swahili): Steere 199, (Basuto): Jacottet 104 No. 15.
A34. Birds as creator's servants. A165.1.1. Birds as messengers of the gods. A1021.2. Bird scouts sent out from ark.B101. Treasure bird. B141. Prophetic bird. B172. Magic bird. B256.5.1. Birds protect saint and serve him. B523. Animal saves man from pursuer. B538.1. Bird gives shelter with wings. B541.3. Bird rescues man from sea. B552. Bird carries man.
B451. Helpful birds – passeriformes.
B451.1. Helpful lark. Madagascar (Imerina): Ferrand Contes populaires Malgaches 102ff. No. 32.
B451.2. Helpful nightingale. *Chauvin II 117 No. 97; India: Thompson-Balys.
B451.3. Helpful wren. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
A1348.1. Wren helps mankind restore prosperity to the world. B259.5. Fly, wren, fox live with cleric.
B451.4. Helpful crow. India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham. – Africa (Hausa): Tremearne FL XXII 464ff. No. 50, Hausa Superstitions and Customs 380 ff. No. 80.
B451.5. Helpful raven. *Fb "ravn" III 23a; *Zingerle Sagen aus Tirol 588. – Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 36; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Bødker Exempler 290 Nos. 45, 46; Jewish: Neuman. – Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 53.
B147.1.2.1. Raven as bird of good omen. B291.1.1. Ravens carry messages to enemies.
B451.6. Helpful magpie. Chinese: Werner 190, Graham.
B451.7. Helpful sparrow. Irish myth: Cross; Japanese: Anesaki 318.
B455. Helpful birds – falconiformes.
B455.1. Helpful vulture. Greek: Grote I 105; India: *Thompson-Balys.
B455.2. Helpful falcon. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
B172.5. Magic falcon gets water of life for hero.
B455.3. Helpful eagle. See references in B322.1. – *Fb "fjer", "ørn" IV 1183b; Köhler-Bolte I 545, 560, *561; Reinhard PMLA XXXVIII 433 nn. 24, 26; Gaster Exempla 186 No. 5; Fables: Halm Aesop Nos. 92, 120, Babrius No. 144, Wienert FFC LVI 70 (ET 338, 339), 127 (ST 353). – Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Fox 118; Finnish: Kalevala rune 7; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "oiseau", "nid". – Missouri French: Carrière; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys. – German New Guinea: Dixon 141f.; Africa (Vai): Ellis 242 No. 49.
B522.4. Eagle carries off abandoned child. B542.1.1. Eagle carries man to safety.
B455.4. Helpful hawk. Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 1; India: Thompson-Balys.
B455.5. Helpful kite (bird). Hindu: *Penzer IV 192 n. 1; India: *Thompson-Balys.
B457. Helpful birds – charidriiformes.
B457.1. Helpful dove. (Cf. B362.) – Fable: Halm Aesop No. 296, Wienert FFC LVI 59 (ET 201), 127 (ST 356); Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "talisman". – Missouri-French: Carrière; Italian Novella: Rotunda. – Jewish: Neuman; Irish myth: Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys.
A2221.7. Dove returns to ark in obedience to Noah. E754.2.1. Souls carried to heaven by doves. V231.1. Angel in bird's shape.
B457.2. Helpful pigeon. Jewish: Neuman.
B461. Helpful birds – coraciiformes.
B461.1. Helpful woodpecker. Africa (Shangani): Bourhill and Drake 43ff. No. 5, (Fjort): Dennett 74ff. No. 16.
B461.2. Helpful owl. India: Thompson-Balys.
B463. Helpful birds – ciconiiformes.
B463.1. Helpful sea-bird. Type 554*. – Saints' legend (Irish): Plummer cxlvi; Irish myth: Cross.
B463.2. Helpful heron. India: *Thompson-Balys; S. A. Indian (Ceuici): Alexander Lat. Am. 304.
B463.3. Helpful crane. India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda, Anesaki 323. – N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 340 n. 227.
Q557.8. Saint's pet crane picks out eye of spying person. R246. Cranebridge. Fugitives are helped across a stream by a crane who lets them cross on his leg.
B463.4. Helpful stork. Hartland Science 194; India: *Thompson-Balys.
B469. Helpful birds – miscellaneous.
B469.1. Helpful grebe. Madagascar (Imerina): Ferrand Contes populaires Malgaches 102ff. No. 32.
B469.2. Helpful swan. Irish myth: Cross; Saints' legend (Irish): Plummer cxlvi. – Hindu: Keith 108; India: *Thompson-Balys.
D361.1. Swan maiden. H411.17. Swan as chastity test.
B469.3. Helpful goose. *Köhler-Bolte I 347; India: Thompson-Balys.
K1816.5.1. Geese betray beauty of disguised goose-girl.
B469.3.1. Helpful wild goose. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges (B469.5); India: Thompson-Balys.
B469.4. Helpful duck. Fb "and" IV 12b. – Japanese: Anesaki 321, Ikeda; India: Thompson-Balys.
B469.4.1. Helpful wild duck. Africa (Betsileo): Renel Contes de Madagascar I 140ff. No. 25, (Imerina): Ferrand 102ff. No. 32.
B469.5. Helpful cock. *Type 670; *Aarne FFC XV 49ff.; Missouri-French: Carrière; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys. – Africa (Fjort): Dennett 105 No. 29.
B469.5.1. Helpful chicken. Jewish: Neuman.
B469.6. Helpful guinea-fowl. Africa (Hottentot): Bleek 65 No. 28.
B469.7. Helpful turkey. N. A. Indian (Zuñi): Cushing 54ff.
B469.8. Helpful cuckoo. Lithuanian: Balys Index Nos. 454f.
B469.9. Helpful parrot. Clouston II 196ff.; India: *Thompson-Balys. – Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 252.
K1591. Seventy tales of a parrot prevent a wife's adultery.
B469.9.1. Helpful paroquet. India: Thompson-Balys.
B469.10. Helpful pheasant. Korean: Zong in-Sob 97 No. 53.
B470. Helpful fish. See B375.1 and references. – *Fb "ring" III 61a, "fisk" I 296. – Italian Novella: Rotunda; Missouri-French: Carrière. – Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "animaux", Hartland Science 174; Arabian: Burton S V 326; Hindu: Keith 99; India: *Thompson-Balys; Indonesian: DeVries Volksverhalen uit Oost Indië I No. 72 (also in some versions of No. 35). – Polynesian (Celebes): Dixon *72 n. 56; Indonesian, Japanese, N. Pacific Coast American Indian (Micmac): Dixon *157 n. 6; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 65 No. 3.
B107. Treasure fish. B124. Wise fish. B142. Prophetic fish. B175. Magic fish. B211.11. Speaking fish. B243. King of fishes. B375.1. Fish returned to water: grateful. B548.2. Fish recovers object from sea. B551. Fish carries man.
B470.1. Small fish as helper. Marquesas: Handy 99.
B471. Helpful shark. Fb "haj". – Tahiti: Dixon 64; Tonga: Gifford 76; Mono-Alu-Fauru: Wheeler 65.
B472. Helpful whale. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys. – N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 327 n. 179. – Jamaica: Beckwit MAFLS XVII 256ff. Nos. 38, 39, 275 No. 86. – Maori: Dixon 83.
R245. Whale-boat. A man is carried across the water on a whale (fish). V462.10. Ascetic cleric lives seven years on whale's back.
B473. Helpful dolphin. *Chauvin V 4 No. 2; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 868. – Jewish: Neuman; Greek: Fox 101.
B474. Helpful salmon. *Type 675.
B175.1. Magic salmon carries hero over water.
B475. Helpful pike. *Fb "gjedde".
B476. Helpful eel. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 478, 511.
B477. Helpful octopus. Marquesas: Handy 76.
B478. Helpful crab. Africa (Mpongwe): Nassau 41 No. 6; India: *Thompson-Balys.
B480. Helpful insects. India: *Thompson-Balys; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Graham.
B481. Helpful insects – hymenoptera.
B481.1. Helpful ant. (Cf. B362.) – Fb "myre". Fable: Halm Aesop No. 296, Wienert FFC LVI 59 (ET 201), 127 (ST 356). – Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "fourmi", "animaux". – Missouri-French: Carrière. – Africa (Fjort): Dennett 126. – India: *Thompson-Balys; Indonesian: Dixon 217, DeVries Volksverhalen I No. 67, II No. 170; Chinese: Graham.
H1091. Task: sorting a large amount of grains (beads, beans, peas) in one night.
B481.2. Helpful termite. Africa (Nao): Held 132ff.
B481.3. Helpful bee. *Fb "bi" IV 36b. – Finnish: Kalevala rune 15; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: Neuman; Japanese: Ikeda, Anesaki 323.
A33. Bee as God's spy. B259.4. Bees build church of wax to contain consecrated host.
B481.3.1. Helpful bumblebee. Africa (Ganda): Baskerville 8ff.
B481.4. Helpful wasp. *Type 559; Jewish: Neuman; Africa (Madagascar): Sibree FLJ I (1883) 45ff.
B481.5. Helpful hornet. Type 559; Jewish: Neuman; N. A. Indian (Micmac): Rand 42 No. 6.
B482. Helpful insects – coleoptera.
B482.1. Helpful firefly. Indonesian: DeVries Volksverhalen I No. 35, II No. 170.
B482.2. Helpful dungbeetle. Type 559; *BP II 454 n. 1.
B483. Helpful insects – diptera.
B483.1. Helpful fly. Type 772*; Dh II 214. – Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 209; India: *Thompson-Balys.
A2221.2.1. Flies on Christ's body rewarded. B251.7. Fly habitually buzzes when cleric returns from matins. B259.5. Fly, wren, fox live with cleric. H322. Suitor test: finding princess.
B483.1.0.1. Fly warns saint against devil hidden in a cup with liquor. *Loomis White Magic 66.
B483.2. Helpful flea. *Chauvin II 197 No. 29.
B484. Helpful insects – lepidoptera.
B484.1. Helpful caterpillar. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule (B489.2).
B485. Helpful insects – hemiptera.
B486. Helpful insects – orthoptera.
B486.1. Helpful locusts. Arabian: Burton S VI 9.
B486.2. Helpful cricket. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B489. Helpful insects – miscellaneous.
B489.1. Helpful spider [1] *Dh I 144, II 66ff. – N. A. Indian (Jicarilla Apache): Russell JAFL XI 256; *Loomis White Magic 66; Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Märchen V 141; India: Thompson-Balys.
B490. Other helpful animals. [2]
B491. Helpful reptile.
B491.1. Helpful serpent. *Types 612, 670, 672, 673; *BP I 128, 131, II 463; Dh I 276ff. (cf. A2145.2), IV 147ff. (Type 560); *Fb "hugorm" I 666; "snog" III 436b, "blad" IV 44a; *Chauvin II 106 No. 71, VII 25 No. 373F n. 5; Köhler-Bolte I 440; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 648; *Ward Catalogue of Romances III 208; Oesterley Gesta Romanorum No. 141; *Warnke Quellen des Esope der Marie de France 221 ff.; Dickson Valentine and Orson 53; *Penzer I 101 n. 1. – Italian Novella: Rotunda; Missouri-French: Carrière. – Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 86 n. 2, 312 n. 2; Jewish: Neuman; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 305 No. 3; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 132 No. 78; Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 46 No. 78. – Burmese: Scott Indo-Chinese Myth. 274; Indonesian: DeVries Volksverhalen I No. 67. – Sumatran: Dixonl63; India: *Thompson-Balys; Korean: Zong in-Sob 95, No. 52. – Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 163 No. 32, (Zanzibar): Bateman 222 No. 10, (Benga): Nassau 208 No. 33.
B108.6. Serpent's bite produces ornaments and clothes. B123. Wise serpent. B161. Wisdom from serpent. B165.1. Animal languages learned from serpent. B176. Magic serpent. B217.1.1. Animal languages learned from eating serpent. B511.1. Snake as healer. B524.3. Helpful snake protects man from attack. S222.2. Woman promises unborn daughter to snake as wife for ferrying her across stream.
B491.2. Helpful lizard. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "animaux". – India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham. – N. A. Indian (Jicarilla Apache): Russell JAFL XI 256.
B491.3. Helpful crocodile. India: Thompson-Balys. – Africa (Madagascar): Sibree FLJ I 2-2ff., Larrouy RTP IV 305, (Temne): Schlenker Temne Traditions 87ff. No. 7.
B491.4. Helpful worm. Chinese, Persian: Coyajee JPASB XXIV 197f.; Jewish: Neuman.
B491.4.1. Helpful centipede. Chinese: Graham, Eberhard FFC CXX 30. – Africa (Benga): Nassau 208 No. 33.
B491.4.2. Helpful angleworm. Chinese: Graham.
B491.5. Helpful turtle (tortoise). Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 514; Tonga: Gifford 50; Africa (Fjort): Dennett 74ff. No. 16.
B493. Helpful amphibian.
B493.1. Helpful frog. *Type 402, 440, 670B*; *BP I 1ff. (Gr. No. 1), II 30ff. (Gr. No. 63). – Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys: Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 30, 180. – Chile: Pino Saavedra 405. – Africa (Zulu): Callaway 241, (Ba Ronga): Einstein 288, (Basuto): Jacottet 202 No. 30.
B211.12. Speaking frog. B375.2. Frog returned to spring: grateful.
B493.2. Helpful toad. Type 402; BP II 30ff. (Gr. No. 63). – Missouri-French: Carrière; Chinese: Graham.
B495. Helpful crustacean.
B495.1. Helpful crab. India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Mpongwe): Nassau 41 No. 6.
B495.2. Helpful lobster. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 180.
B498. Helpful mythical animal.
B498.1. Helpful dragon. (Cf. B11.) – Italian Novella: Rotunda; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 328 No. 17; Chinese: Graham.
[1] In folk thought, an insect.
[2] B490 – B499 has been reorganized as follows:
Old number → New number
B491 →           B491.1
B492 →           B491.2
B493 →           B493.1
B494 →           B493.2
B496 →           B491.4.1
B498 →           B498.1

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