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Prevuius group

Group No. 4


A. Mythological Motifs

Group No.

A200 – A299

Group name

Gods of the upper world


A200. God of the upper world.
A101. Supreme god.
A205. Witch-woman of upper world. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (Z-G. 13/249).
A210. Sky-god. *Cook Zeus; *Cook Classical Review XVII 270, XVIII 365, FL XV 301, XVI 260; *Hommel "Der allgegenwärtige Himmelsgott" Archiv f. Religionsgeschichte XXIII 193; *Koch Der römische Juppiter (Frankfurt a. M. 1937). — Greek: Fox 152 (Zeus); Babylonian: Spence 76, 121ff.; Hindu: Keith 21, 24 (Dyaus, Varuna); India: Thompson-Balys; Icel.: De la Saussaye 243 (Tiu); Much Der germanische Himmelsgott; Finno-Ugric: *Holmberg Finno-Ugric 217ff.; Irish myth: Cross. — Estonian: Loorits Grundzüge I 583ff.; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 114, 294; Africa (Luba): Donohugh V 180.
A101. Supreme god. A220. Sun-god. F499.1. Sky-spirit.
A210.1. Sky-goddess. Egyptian: Müller 37 (Hathor and others), 41 (Nut). — Tonga: Gifford 16.
A211. God of heaven (cf. A210). Icel.: De la Saussaye 233 (Odin); Jewish: Neuman; Gaster Thespis 122f. — Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 390; Armenian: Ananikian 11, 14, 37; Chinese: Werner 331, Graham; Hindu: Penzer III 257, IV 177 n. 1. — African: Werner African 127. — Pawnee: Alexander N. Am. 80 ("Father Heaven"); Hivaoa (Marquesas): Handy 133.
A216. God of the air. *Encyc. Religion and Ethics s. v. "Air and gods of the air"; Greek: Grote I 3; India: Thompson-Balys.
A220. Sun-god. **Frobenius Das Zeitalter des Sonnengottes (Berlin 1904); Smith Dragon viii; Montelius FL XXI (1909) 60; Krappe "The Anatolian Lion God" JAOS LXV (1945) 144—154; Krappe "Apollon" Studi i Materiali di Storia delle Religioni XIX—XX (1943—1946); *Koch Gestirnverehrung im alten Italien (Frankfurt a. M. 1933). — Greek: Gaster Thespis 127, 205, 339f., Fox 241 (Helios); Egyptian: Müller 24ff., 129 (Amon); Babylonian: Spence 109ff., 187, 189; Irish myth: Cross; Persian, Hindu: Keith 24—29, 232; Armenian: Ananikian, 11, 33, 37, 43; Finno-Ugric: Holmberg Finno-Ugric 223; Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 422; Chinese: Ferguson 90; Russian: Machal 273, 297, 299; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 735. — Navaho: Alexander N. Am. 165; Pima: ibid. 176; (Pawnee and Plains in general): ibid. 81, 87; Huichol: Alexander Lat. Am. 121.
A450.1. God "of many arts". A720. Nature and condition of the sun.
A220.0.1. Sun-god commits adultery. India: Thompson-Balys.
A220.0.2. Sun-god couples with the moon. India: Thompson-Balys.
A220.1. Sun-goddess. Gaster Thespis 30f., 127, 205, 339; Japanese: Anesaki 225ff., *Ikeda, Beckwith Myth 102; Irish myth: Cross.
A270.1. Goddess of dawn.
A220.2. The sun-god and his family. India: Thompson-Balys.
A221. Sun-father. *Fb "sol" III 457b. — Pawnee: Alexander N. Am. 81, 87; Zuñi: ibid. 187; S. Am. Indian (Guarani): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 93.
A222. Sun-god bitten by snake, leaves earth for heaven. Egyptian: Müller 80ff.
A225. Son of the sun. Irish myth: Cross. — Central Brazil: Ehrenreich International Congress of Americanists XIV 661; Navaho: Matthews MAFLS V 104ff.
A116. Twin gods (or trinity of gods).
A226. Sun father-in-law. American Indian: *Thompson Tales 312 n. 123.
A227. Two sun-gods.
A227.1. Male sun-god while ascending; female while setting. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 12, chap. 2 passim.
A227.2. One sun-god for night; another for day (Osiris, Horus). Egyptian: Müller 113.
A240. Moon-god. D. Nielson Die altarabische Mondreligion und die mosaische Ueberlieferung (Strassburg 1904); **Siecke Hermes der Mondgott; Gaster Thespis 291. — Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Fox 186; Egyptian: Müller 32, 33; Maspéro Histoire ancienne des peuples de l'Orient classique 145; Hindu: Keith 90f., Oldenberg Religion des Veda 193, Penzer III 161 n. 1, India: Thompson-Balys, Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 854, II 735, 962; Japan: Beckwith Myth 102; Finno-Ugric: Holmberg Finno-Ugric 223; Armenian: Ananikian 11.
A240.1. Moon-goddess. Usener IV 1; Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Fox 186f. (Artemis, Hekate); India: Thompson-Balys; Tonga: Gifford 181.
A250. Star-god. Gressmann Die hellenistische Gestirnreligion (Leipzig 1925). — Chinese: Werner 106; India: Thompson-Balys.
A116. Twin gods. A121. Stars as deities.
A251. God of morning star. *Handwb. d. Abergl. IX Nachträge 17f.; Greek: Fox 247 (Phosphoros).
A252. God of evening star. Greek: Fox 247 (Hesperos).
A253. God of north star.
A253.1. Goddess of north star. Chinese: Werner 144.
A255. Star-deity and drought-demon fight. Persian: Carnoy 268.
D2144.2. Contest of heat and cold.
A260. God of light. Greek: Fox 179 (Apollo); Icel.: De la Saussaye 253ff. (Balder); Maori: Clark 14, 171n.
A162.2. Combat between god of light and dragon of ocean.
A260.1. Goddess of light. India: Thompson-Balys.
A270. God of dawn. Gaster Thespis 228.
A270.1. Goddess of dawn. Hindu: Keith 32; Greek: Roscher I 1252 s. v. "Eos"; Irish myth: Cross.
A280. Weather-god. Irish myth: Cross, Beal XXI 326, 334.
A210. Sky-god. D900. Magic weather phenomena. D2140. Magic control of the elements. F430. Weather-spirits.
A281. Storm-god. See also A282. — Babylonian: Spence 95ff., 188; Assyrian: ibid. 218ff.; Persian: Carnoy 264; Japanese: Anesaki 225; Irish myth: Cross.
A281.1. Storm-goddess. Hindu: Penzer I 272. — Eskimo: Boas RBAE VI 600.
A282. Wind-god. Greek: Grote I 287; Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 40ff. (Odin), 102 (Njord), De la Saussaye 225; Hindu: Keith 37, 40; India: *Thompson-Balys. — Penzer IV 110 n. 4, VIII 163 n.; Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 457; Finno-Ugric: Holmberg Finno-Ugric 232; Chinese: Ferguson 73. — Maori: Dixon 32; Marshall Is.: Davenport 222; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 86, 121. — Eskimo: Rasmussen Myter I 99—102; S. Am. Indian (Arua): Lévi-Strauss BBAE CXLIII (3) 379; Bushman: Bleek and Lloyd 101.
F432. Wind-spirit.
A282.0.1. Wind-goddess. Eskimo: Rasmussen Myter I 100, Holm 95.
A282.0.1.1. Facial features of wind-goddess reversed. Eskimo: Rasmussen Myter I 102.
A123. Monstrous gods.
A282.0.2. Wind-angel. Jewish: Neuman.
A282.1. God of whirlwind. Typhon. He is represented as having serpents' heads on his shoulders, as having a voice like the sound of many beasts and eyes which flash fire. — Greek: Fox 9.
F526.1. Typhon.
A283. Cloud-god. Finno-Ugric: Holmberg Finno-Ugric 234; India: *Thompson-Balys.
A283.1. Cloud-angel. Jewish: Neuman.
A284. God of thunder. *Harris Boanerges 13ff., 20; Montelius FL XXI (1909) 60. — Icel.: De la Saussaye 236 (Thor); Lithuanian: Gray 319, Balys "Der Donner im lithauischen Volksglauben" Tautosakos Darbai III(1937)149—238; Finno-Ugric: Holmberg Finno-Ugric 227; Estonian: Eisen Estnische Mythologie 156ff.; Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 443; Armenian: Ananikian 11; Chinese: Werner 198, 201; Greek: Fox 159 (Zeus); Egyptian: Müller 103 (Seth); Hindu: Keith 37 (Parjanya). — Maori: Beckwith Myth 250; S. Am. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 172; American Indian: Alexander N. Am. 287 n. 32.
A791.1. Rainbow as bow of thunder god.
A284.0.1. Angel of thunder. Jewish: Neuman.
A284.1. Goddess of thunder. Maori: Dixon 57.
A284.2. Thunderbird. A mythical giant bird usually thought of as a thunder-god. — *Harris Boanerges 13—30 passim, Harris Picus who is also Zeus vii; *Encyc. Religion and Ethics I 529a; Hatt Asiatic Influences 36ff.; Gaster Thespis 135, 363. — Babylonian: Spence 193; Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 439; India: Thompson-Balys. — African: Werner African 237. — N. A. Indian: Alexander N. Am. 387 n. 32. *Thompson Tales 318 n. 151c; S. Am. Indian (Chiriguano): Lowie BBAE CXLIII (3) 55, (Toba): Métraux Myths 110. — Cf. Persian: Carnoy 289 (Saena).
B31. Giant birds.
A284.3. Appearance of thunder-spirit. Eskimo: Rasmussen Myter III 61.
F434. Thunder spirits.
A284.3.1. Thunder god or spirit has very long mouth. India: Thompson-Balys.
A284.3.2. Thunder spirit lives in world below earth. India: Thompson-Balys.
A285. God of lightning. Gaster Thespis 213; Irish myth: Cross; Hindu: Keith 36; Chinese: Dawsel Magie und Geheimwissenschaft 150. — Maori: Beckwith Myth 250.
A285.0.1. Angel of lightning. Jewish: Neuman.
A285.1. Lightning weapon of the gods. Irish myth: Cross.
D1080. Magic weapons. F832.1.1. Gai bulga. V1.8. Worship of weapons.
A287. Rain-god. Gaster Thespis 122f.; *Smith Dragon vii ff., 77f., 86. — Greek: Fox 159 (Zeus); Hindu: Keith 39, 135, 233; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 98, 412; Chinese: Werner 206; Maya: Alexander Lat. Am. 134; Antilles: ibid 25; Aztec: ibid. 71; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 97; Samoa ibid. 19; Easter Is.: Métraux Ethnology 310.
B11.7. Dragon as rain-spirit. D2143.1. Rain produced by magic.
A287.0.1. Rain-god and wind-god brought back in order to make liveable weather. Have been banished by sun-god. — India: Thompson-Balys.
A282. Wind-god. L351. Contest of wind and sun.
A287.1. Rain-goddess. India: Thompson-Balys.
A287.2. St. Peter as ruler for the air and rain. Often misunderstands the orders of God. — Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 31.
D2140. Magic control of the elements.
A288. Rainbow-goddess. Greek: Fox 241 (Iris). — Chibcha: Alexander Lat. Am. 204.
A289. Other weather-gods.
A289.1. Frost-god. Gaster Thespis 345; Type 480 (*Roberts 120). — Finno-Ugric: Holmberg Finno-Ugric 233; Icel.: Boberg.

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