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Prevuius group

Group No. 39


B. Animals

Group No.

B200 – B249

Group name

Animals with human traits I


B200. Animals with human traits. See in general the literature dealing with fables, with the Romance of Reynard, with the bear-fox cycle of Europe, with the rabbit fox cycle of America, etc. – Irish myth: Cross Fables: Wienert FFC LVI; Hervieux Les Fabulistes latins; Jacobs The Fables of Aesop; Jewish: Neuman; Reynard the Fox: Graf FFC XXXVIII; Bear-fox cycle: Krohn Bär (Wolf) und Fuchs JSFO VI; Dh IV; Rabbit-fox cycle: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) notes; Beckwith MAFLS XVII notes. See also Panchatantra. – Marquesas: Handy 79; S. A. Indian (Warrau): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 146, (Chiriguano): ibid. 161, 179.
A522. Animal as culture hero. B773. Animal with human emotions. D682.3. Partial transformation: animal with human mind. F981. Extraordinary death of animal. J1706. Stupid animals. Q557. Miraculous punishment through animals.
B210. Speaking animals. India: Thompson-Balys.
D1610. Magic speaking objects.
B210.1. Person frightened by animals successively replying to his remarks. Example: Man riding horse and followed by dog tells horse to jump over a hole. Horse says, "I will not." Man turns to dog and says, "Isn't that strange – a horse talking!" The dog says, "Yes, isn't it." Often the man runs, meeting other animals which answer him, until he falls exhausted. – U.S.: *Baughman.
B210.2. Talking animal or object refuses to talk on demand. Discoverer is unable to prove his claims: is beaten. – U.S. Negro: Baughman.
B210.3. Formerly animals and man spoke the same language. God took the power of speech from the animals because men refused to kill speaking beasts. – India: Thompson-Balys.
B211. Animal uses human speech. *Chauvin VIII 126 No. 113; *BP I 331. – Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "animaux"; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 13; Hindu: Tawney II 599; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 40 No. 28. See also references given under B200.
B11.4.5. Talking dragon. N451. Secrets overheard from animal conversation.
B211.0.1. Animals speak, praising God, on the night of Christ's Nativity. Irish myth: Cross.
B251.1. Animals rejoice at Christ's birth.
B211.1. Speaking beasts – domestic.
B211.1.1. Speaking sheep. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "mouton"; Missouri-French: Carrière.
B211.1.1.1. Speaking ram. Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Grote I 117; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "belier".
B211. Ram stung by hornet on Sabbath says, "Damn!" Pious owner resolves to sell it next day. – U.S.: Baughman.
B211.1.2. Speaking goat. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "chèvre"; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 55 No. 2.
K366.5. The speaking goat swallows gold coins in temple: voids for master.
B211.1.3. Speaking horse. *Types 531, 532; BP II 274f., III 18; Penzer II 57; Fb "hest" I 598b; *Loomis White Magic 61; Missouri French: Carrière; Greek: Malten Jahrb. d. Kaiserl. deutschen archäologischen Inst. XXIX (1914) 203f. – Russian: v. Löwis of Menar Russische Märchen 313 No. 53, Rambaud La Russie épique 79; Lithuanian: Leskien-Brugmann Nos. 5, 9; Modern Greek: Hahn Griechische und alban. Märchen Nos. 6, 37; Bulgarian: Strauss Bulgarische Volksdichtungen 212, 309; Turkish: Giese Türkische Märchen 37; Hungarian: Ipolyi Zs. f. deutsche Mythologie II 270; India: *Thompson-Balys.
B133. Truthspeaking horse. B149.1. Prophetic horse. B181. Magic horse. B210.1. Person frightened by animals successively replying to his remarks. B401. Helpful horse.
B211.1.3.1. Speaking ass. Type 534*. – Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "áne"; Jewish: Neuman.
B211.1.3.2. Speaking mule. Africa (Kordofan): Frobenius Atlantis IV 53ff. No. 6.
B211.1.4. Speaking hog. Irish myth: Cross; Missouri-French: Carrière; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Benga): Nassau 81 No. 1.
B183. Magic boar (pig).
B211.1.4.1. Boar sings song. Irish myth: Cross.
B214. Animal whistles (sings, etc.).
B211.1.5. Speaking cow. French-Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule (B211.19); Lithuanian: Balys Index Nos. *543, 481; India: *Thompson-Balys.
B211.1.5.1. Speaking ox. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 812.
B211.1.5.2. Speaking buffalo. India: Thompson-Balys.
B211.1.5.3. Speaking bullock. India: Thompson-Balys.
B211.1.5.4. Speaking yak. India: Thompson-Balys.
B211.1.5.5. Speaking calf. Jewish: Neuman.
B211.1.6. Speaking camel. Loomis White Magic 61; India: Thompson-Balys.
B211.1.7. Speaking dog. Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "chien"; Missouri-French: Carrière; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa: Stanley 105.
B134.5. Dog returns from dead to clear master of murder. B187. Magic dog.
B211.1.7.1. Dog sings song. Africa (Zulu): Callaway 363.
B214. Animal whistles (sings, etc.).
B211.1.8. Speaking cat. *Type 545; BP I 329, III 487 (Gr. No. 214). – Danish: Fb "kat" II 108b; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "chats"; Missouri-French: Carrière; India: Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Mitford 253, Ikeda; German: Grimm No. 4.
B184. Magic cat. B422. Helpful cat.
B211.2. Speaking beast – wild.
B211.2.1. Speaking stag. Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "cerf".
B211.2.2. Speaking lion. *Loomis White Magic 59; German: Grimm No. 60, 67, 88; French-Canadian: Gautier, Sister Marie Ursule (B211.20); Moreno: Esdras (B211.15).
B211.2.2.1. Speaking tiger:. French-Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule (B211.21); India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham, Eberhard FFC CXX 41; S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 155, 166.
B211.2.2.2. Speaking jaguar. S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 155.
B211.2.3. Speaking bear. German: Grimm Nos. 60, 114, 161; French-Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule (B211.22).
B211.2.4. Speaking wolf. Irish myth: Cross (B211.25); German: Grimm Nos. 8, 26, 37, 60; Jewish: Neuman.
B211.2.5. Speaking fox. German: Grimm Nos. 8, 57, 60, 191; Jewish: Neuman.
B211.2.6. Speaking hare (rabbit). Irish myth: Cross; German: Grimm Nos. 8, 60, 66.
B211.2.7. Speaking sea-beast. Irish myth: Cross (B211.17).
B211.2.7.1. Speaking seal. Irish myth: Cross (B211.17.1).
B80.1. Seal-man. B631.2. Human beings descended from seals.
B211.2.8. Speaking mouse. India: Thompson-Balys.
B211.2.9. Speaking rat. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B211.2.10. Speaking monkey. India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 42.
B211.3. Speaking bird. Type 516; *Cox 527 – 9; Penzer I 48; Dickson Valentine and Orson 51 n. 60; Tobler Epiphanie der Seele 53; *Fb "fugl"; Krappe Hispanic Review I (1933) 67ff.; Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "oiseau". – Arabian: Burton III 126n, 129ff., SV 300; Bloomfield On Talking Birds in Hindu Fiction (Festschrift für Ernst Windisch) 349ff.; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Missouri-French: Carrière; Jewish: Neuman; Africa: Bouveignes 109, (Upoto): Einstein 137, (Duala): Lederbogen V 139. – Cf. Type 720 (BP I 412).
A1904. Oldest bird. B122.2. Birds as reporters of sights and sounds. B131. Bird of truth. B172. Magic bird. B251.3. Birds in otherworld sing religious songs. B450. Helpful bird. D2006.1.3. Forgotten fiancée reawakens husband's memory by having doves converse. H1331.1.4. Quest for speaking bird.
B211.3.1. Speaking turkey. Zuñi: Cushing Zuñi Folk Tales 54ff.
B211.3.2. Speaking cock. Fb "kok" II 248b.; Missouri-French: Carrière; Jewish: Neuman.
B211.3.2.1. Speaking chicken. Jewish: Neuman.
B211.3.3. Speaking goose. India: Thompson-Balys.
B211.3.4. Speaking parrot. India: *Thompson-Balys.
D157. Transformation: man to parrot.
B211.3.5. Speaking dove. Greek: Grote I 355; India: Thompson-Balys; Jewish: Neuman; S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 181; Africa (Ba Ronga): Einstein 25.
B211.3.6. Speaking raven. Jewish: Neuman.
B211.3.7. Speaking sparrow. India: Thompson-Balys.
B211.3.8. Speaking vulture. Jewish: Neuman.
B211.3.9. Speaking crow. French-Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule (B211.10.1); India: Thompson-Balys.
B211.4. Speaking insects.
B211.4.1. Speaking ant. French-Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule (B211.23).
B211.4.2. Speaking bee. German: Grimm No. 107.
B211.5. Speaking fish. *Type 303. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "poisson"; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Missouri-French: Carrière; Africa (Duala): Lederbogen VI 92.
B124. Wise fish. B130. Truth-telling animal. B142. Prophetic fish. B175. Magic fish. B243. King of fishes. B470. Helpful fish. D1318.2.1. Laughing fish reveal unjust judgment.
B211.6. Speaking reptile.
B211.6.1. Speaking snake (serpent). Loomis White Magic 63; Tobler Epiphanie der Seele 55. Cf. Satan in the Garden of Eden. – Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Missouri- French: Carrière (B211.14).
B211.7. Speaking amphibia.
B211.7.1. Speaking frog. Cf. Type 440; BP I 1 (Gr. No. 1); Fb "frø"; S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 171; India: Thompson-Balys.
B493. Helpful frog.
B211.7.2. Speaking toad. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "crapaud"; Missouri-French: Carrière (B211.13).
B212. Animal understands human speech. Irish myth: Cross.
B212.0.1. All kinds of animals understand the language of heaven. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman.
A1482.1. Hebrew the language of the inhabitants of heaven.
B212.0.2. First animals knew human language. Jewish: Neuman.
B212.1. Fox understands human speech. Nouvelles Recreations No. 29.
B214. Animal whistles (sings, etc.). Chinese: Graham.
B214.1. Singing animal.
B214.1.1. Singing cow. Jewish: Neuman.
B214.1.2. Singing boar. Irish myth: Cross (B211.5.1).
B214.1.3. Singing cat. Jewish: Neuman.
B214.1.4. Singing dog. Africa (Zulu): Callaway 363.
B214.1.5. Singing lion. Jewish: Neuman.
B214.1.6. Singing fox. Jewish: Neuman.
B214.1.7. Singing frog. Jewish: Neuman.
B214.1.8. Singing crab. India: Thompson-Balys.
B214.1.8.1. Crab sings about his captivity. India: Thompson-Balys.
B214.1.9. Singing mouse. Jewish: Neuman.
B214.1.10. Singing snake.
B214.1.11. Singing hippopotamus. Africa (Nyang): Ittman 49.
B214.1.12. Singing elephant. Africa (Nyang): Ittman 49.
B214.2. Whistling animals.
B214.2.1. Whistling toad. Chinese: Graham.
B214.3. Laughing animal.
B214.3.1. Laughing toad. Chinese: Graham.
B214.4. Weeping animal.
B214.4.1. Weeping toad. Chinese: Graham.
B215. Animal languages. The various animals have languages of their own. (Cf. B251.1.2.) – *Type 517, 670, 671; *BP I 131, 322, 323 n. 1; **Aarne FFC XV; *Chauvin V 180, 296.
B215.0.1. Animals taught one another's language. India: Thompson-Balys.
B215.1. Bird language. *Types 517, 671, 781; *BP I 322; Cox 497 n. 32; *W. Seelman "Die Vogelsprachen (Vogelparlamente) der mittelalterlichen Literatur" Jahrh. d. Vereins f. niederdeutsche Sprachforschung XIV 102f; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 86 n. 2 (Melampus); Icel.: Volsungasaga p. 45, cf. von Sydow Favne; Flemish: DeMeyer FFC XXXVII 87 No. 90a; Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Penzer *II 107, IV 145; India: *Thompson-Balys.
B215.2. Dog language. *Type 671. – Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "chien".
B215.2.1. Dog language understood by fox. Nouvelles Recreations No. 29.
B215.3. Fox language. Nouvelles Recreations No. 29.
B215.4. Frog language. *Type 671.
B215.5. Serpent language. Irish myth: Cross.
B176. Magic serpent.
B215.5.1. Lizard's language. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B215.6. Insects' language. India: Thompson-Balys.
B215.6.1. Ant language. India: Thompson-Balys.
B216. Knowledge of animal languages. Person understands them. – *Types 517, 670, 671; *Toldo Studien zur vgl. Littgsch. VIII 18; *BP I 321; Köhler-Bolte I 145, II 340; *Grunwald Hessische Blätter f. Vksk. LXI 316; Icel.: Boberg; Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "langage"; Hindu: Penzer I 107 n. 1, VII 3 n. 2; India: *Thompson-Balys; Jewish: Neuman; Korean: Zong in-Sob 101 No. 55; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 68, 153, 412; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 16 No. 8; Buriat: Holmberg Siberian 427. – Africa (Benga): Nassau 227 No. 34.
B165. Animal languages learned from animal. H1214. Quest assigned because of hero's knowledge of animal languages. J816.1. King brought to sense of duty by feigned conversation of birds. M302.1. Prophesying through knowledge of animal languages. N547. Understanding of animal languages leads to discovery of treasure. N451. Secrets overheard from animal conversation. V223.5. Saint understands language of wren, fly, cat.
B217. Animal language learned. *Types 517, 670, 671, 672, 673, 670B*, 671*, BP I 132; **Aarne FFC XV; *Frazer "The Language of Animals" Archeological Review I (1888) 166 ff.; *Chauvin VIII 49 No. 17; Cox 496 n. 32. – Wesselski Morlini 314 No. 71; Gaster Exempla 248 No. 352; Wesselski Märchen 221 No. 35; Icel.: Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.
B165. Animal languages learned from animal. C425. Tabu: revealing knowledge of animal languages. D1301. Magic object teaches animal language. D1301.4. Bird's head (when eaten) teaches animal language. D1815. Magic knowledge of strange tongues.
B217.1. Animal languages learned from eating animal. Irish myth: Cross, *MacCulloch Celtic 166.
D1793. Magic results from eating or drinking. D1811.1. Magic wisdom from eating or drinking.
B217.1.1. Animal languages learned from eating serpent. (Cf. B176.) – *Type 673; *BP I 131 (Gr. No. 17); *Cox 496 n. 32; *Norlind Skattsägner 37ff.; **Scott Thumb; Philostratres Life of Apollonius (Loeb ed.) 57; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 17 No. 8; Icel.: Boberg.
B217.1.2. Animal languages learned from eating dragon's heart. Smith Evolution of the Dragon 82; *BP I 131; *von Sydow Fåvne 35ff.; **Scott Thumb.
D1301.2. Drinking blood teaches animal languages.
B217.2. Animal languages learned from eating plant. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "herbe"; *Cox 496 n. 32.
D965. Magic plant.
B217.3. Animal languages learned from ghosts (spirits). Gaster Exempla 248 No. 352. – Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 99.
E373. Ghosts bestow gifts on living.
B217.4. Animal languages learned from carrying churchyard mould in hat. Fb. "kirkegárdsmuld".
D1301.1. Magic turf from church-roof teaches animal languages.
B217.5. Bird language learned by having ears magically cleansed. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 363 n. 2 (Athena and Tiresius).
B217.6. Animal languages learned by exchanging tongues with helpful dragon. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
B217.7. Stone deity (image of) confers upon man powers of understanding animal language. India: Thompson-Balys.
B217.8. Language of animals learned by Adam from Eve. Jewish: Neuman.
B220. Animal kingdom (or community). Wienert FFC LVI 47 (classic fables). – Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "ville". – India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 348 n. 253a.
A2546. Animal granted patent of nobility. B240. King of animals. F127. Journey to underground animal kingdom. F531.6.2. Haunts of giants. F700. Extraordinary places.
B221. Animal kingdom – quadrupeds.
Q433.3. Zeus has embassy of dogs imprisoned for fouling his court. W128.2. Unsatisfied fox. In kingdom of lions laments that he always gets the worst bits of food.
B221.1. Kingdom of monkeys. Chauvin VII 40 No. 153; India: Thompson-Balys.
B221.2. Kingdom of rats. India: Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda.
B241.2.4. King of rats.
B221.2.1. Procurator of rats. Serpent has the office. – Fb "lindorm" II 433a.
B221.3. Land of lions. Icel.: Boberg.
B221.4. Land of elephants. Icel.: Boberg.
B221.5. Land of mice. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B221.6. Land of tigers.
B221.6.1. Village of wer-tigers. India: Thompson-Balys.
D112.2. Transformation: man to tiger.
B222. Kingdom (land) of birds. Arabian: Burton Nights VIII 91; Japanese: Anesaki 324, Ikeda.
B222.1. Land of pigeons. India: Thompson-Balys.
B222.2. Land of peacocks. India: Thompson-Balys.
B222.3. Land of parakeets. India: Thompson-Balys.
B222.4. Land of parrots. India: Thompson-Balys.
B223. Kingdom of fishes. India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Hartland Science 174, Ikeda. – N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 342 n. 236.
B223.1. Kingdom of sharks. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 140.
B224. Kingdom of insects.
B224.1. Kingdom of ants. Chauvin VII 40 No. 153 n. 3; Jewish: Neuman.
B225. Kingdom of reptiles.
B225.1. Kingdom of serpents. Icel.: Boberg; Chauvin V 256f. No. 152; India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 388.
B244.1. King of serpents. B549.5. Frog rescues man from kingdom of the snakes. C711. Tabu: going into bath on return from serpent kingdom. R152.6. Wife gels back her husband from land of serpents by charming him with her beautiful dance.
B225.1.1. Snake kingdom under the sea. – India: Thompson-Balys.
F133. Submarine otherworld.
B226. Kingdom of amphibia.
B226.1. Community of toads. German: Grimm Nos. 63, 127.
B226.2. Community of frogs. Jewish: Neuman.
B230. Parliament of animals. E. Voigt "Odo de Ciringtonis und seine Quellen" Zs. f. d. Alterthum XXIII (N.F. XI) 283; Africa: Stanley 222, (Fang): Trilles 176, Tessman 54, (Wute): Sieber 205, (Duala): Ebding 142, (Wakweli): Bender 62; India: Thompson-Balys.
B232. Parliament of birds. (Cf. B236.1, B238.) – Type 220; *BP III 278ff. – *Robinson Complete Works of Chaucer 900ff.; T. Wright The Owl and the Nightingale (Percy Society, 1834); Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "oiseaux"; Hindu: *Penzer V 100 n. 1; India: *Thompson-Balys; – Seneca (Indians): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 695 No. 133.
K815.8. Hawk persuades doves to elect him their king. Kills them. L147.1. Tardy bird alone succeeds at bird convocation.
B232.1. St. Valentine's Day for bird assembly. Sartori Sitte u. Brauch III 88; M. Höfler Das Jahr im oberbayerischen Volksleben (München 1899) 11; G. L. Gomme (ed) Mother Bunch's Closet Newly Broke Open (Leipzig 1839) II (1) 357f.; E. Schröder Korrespondenzblatt des Vereins f. niederdeutsche Sprachforschung XXXVI (1917 – 1918) 77; *Seelman (cf. B215 above); Sachs "Das Regiment der anderthalbhundert Vogel" (Stuttgart Verein CV) 278ff.
B233. Parliament of fishes. (Cf. B236.2.) – *BP III 284 (Gr. No. 172); *Dh IV 192 ff.
B233.1. Council of fishes decide to get rid of men (who eat fish). India: Thompson-Balys.
J671.1. Belling the cat. – J2214.6. Men must have been calves once (for they are fond of milk). Fish so reason.
B234. School of animals. India: Thompson-Balys.
B235. Secrets discussed in animal meeting. *Type 613; *BP II 481 (Gr. Nos. 6, 55, 88, 125, 119a); "Christiansen FFC XXIV; Fb "bjørn" IV 43a; Bloomfield Am. Journ. of Philology XLI 309ff.; Bloomfield in Penzer VII viii; – Missouri-French: Carrière; India: Thompson-Balys.
B513. Remedy learned from overhearing animal meeting. B561. Animals tell hero their secrets. N451. Secrets overheard from animal conversation.
B236. Animal parliament elects king. *Type 221; *Dh IV 192ff.; *BP III 278, 284 (Gr. Nos. 171, 172); Wienert FFC LVI 47 (ET 59 – 63); Penzer V100 n. 1. – Africa (Ibo, Nigeria): Basden 280, (Angola): Chatelain 211 Nos. 32, 33.
B240. King of animals. P11. Choice of kings.
B236.0.1. Animal king chosen as result of a contest. Type 221; *BP III 278; Dh IV 169ff. – India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 155 No. 30.
K11. Race won by deception. K25. Plying contest won by deception.
B236.1. Election of king of birds. (Cf. B232.) – *Type 221; *BP III 278 (Gr. No. 171); Penzer V 100ff.; India: Thompson-Balys; Panchatantra (tr. Ryder) 304; Bedker Exempler 293 No. 53; Japanese: Ikeda.
B242.1.2. Wren king of birds. Wins contest for kingship.
B236.2. Election of king of fishes. (Cf. B233, B243.) – *BP III 284 (Gr. No. 172); *Dh IV 192ff.
B237. Drinking-bout assembly of animals. Dh II 298ff.; Riegler Wörter und Sachen VI (1914 – 15) 194f.
B238. Animal council assigns place and work to all.
B238.1. Bird council assigns place and work to all. Eagle as judge. (Cf. B232). – Type 220. Cf. Chaucer "Parlement of Foules".
B238.2. Bird council assigns coats to different birds. India: Thompson-Balys.
B239. Parliament of animals – miscellaneous.
B239.1. Election of fox as mediator to appease angry lion. Jewish: Neuman.
B240. King of animals. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "roi", "bêtes"; Fb "konge" II 265a; Jātaka Index s.v. "king"; India: Thompson-Balys; Jewish: Neuman.
A2547. Why certain animal is king. B220. Animal kingdom. B236. Animal parliament elects king. P11. Choice of kings.
B240.1. Bear as king of animals. *Fb "bjørn" IV 42b.
B240.2. Rabbit as king of animals. Chuh (Indians of Guatemala): Kunst JAFL XXVIII 353 No. 1; India: Thompson-Balys.
B240.3. Wild man as king of animals. Chinese: Werner 392.
B240.4. Lion as king of animals. (Cf. K961, K962, K1632.) – Wienert FFC LVI 47; Benfey Panchatantra I 91, 230; Bedker Exempler 277 No. 17, 303 No. 74; Jewish: Neuman; Graf FFC XXXVII passim; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda.
B240.4.1. Minister of lion-king a crane. India: Thompson-Balys.
B240.5. Tortoise as king of animals. Africa (Mbundu): Bell JAFL XXXV 135ff. No. 15.
B240.6. Gazelle as king of animals. Africa (Luba): De Clerq Zs. f. Kolonialspr. IV 195f. No. 8.
B240.7. Buffalo as king of animals. Africa (Luba): De Clerq Zs. f. Kolonialspr. IV 198ff. No. 10.
B240.8. Fox as king of animals. Wienert FFC LVI 47.
B240.9. Dog as king of animals. Wienert FFC LVI 47.
B240.10. Wolf as king of animals. Wienert FFC LVI 47.
B240.11. Camel as king of animals. Wienert FFC LVI 47.
B240.12. Monkey as king of animals. Wienert FFC LVI 47.
B240.13. Tiger as king of animals. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges; India: Thompson-Balys.
B240.14. Elephant as king of animals. India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Fang): Trilles 175, (Cameroon): Mansfield passim.
B240.15. Crocodile as king of animals. Africa (Fang): Trilles 158.
B241. King of beasts (quadrupeds).
B241.1. Various beasts as king of beasts.
B241.2. King of the various kinds of beasts.
B241.2.1. King of lions. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "roi"; Malone PMLA XLIII 409.
B241.2.2. King of monkeys. Cowell Jataka III 225 No. 407; Penzer V 127ff.; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 287; Chinese: Eberhard 40 No. 27, 411 s.v. "Affenkönig".
J815.1. Lion rewarded by king of apes.
B241.2.3. Kino of cats. Fb "kattekonge". – English: Jacobs More Eng. 237; Irish myth: Cross.
B184. Magic cat. B342. Cat leaves house when report is made of death of one of his companions. B871.10. Giant cat.
B241.2.4. King of rats. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "rats"; India: Thompson-Balys; Korean: Zong in-Sob 28 No. 12.
B221.2. Kingdom of rats.
B241.2.5. King of mice. English: Jacobs English 82 No. 17; India: *Thompson-Balys.
M244.1. Bargain with king of mice.
B241.2.6. King of hares. Penzer V 101f.; Bødker Exempler 294 No. 54.
B241.2.7. King of dogs. Fb "hund" IV 227b.
B241.2.8. King of tigers. Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair West African Folk-Tales 105ff. No. 19.; India: *Thompson-Balys.
B241.2.8.1. Newly-born divine twins cared for by mother-of-tigers. S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 161.
B241.2.9. King of jackals. India: *Thompson-Balys.
J951.6. King of jackals captured because of his large banner.
B241.2.10. King of deer. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 69.
B241.2.11. King of elephants. Panchatantra (tr. Ryder) 275, 308; Wienert FFC LVI 47; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 415, 483, 921.
B241.2.12. King of the boars. Irish myth: Cross; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 986, II 819f.
B241.2.13. King of antelopes. India: Thompson-Balys.
B241.2.14. King of mongooses. Africa (Ganda): Rowling Tales of Sir Apolo 44ff.
B241.3. Man transformed to beast becomes leader of herd. Irish myth: Cross.
B242. King of birds. *Type 221; *BP III 278 (Gr. No. 171). – Irish myth: Cross; Bødker Exempler 293, 2.; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "oiseaux"; Missouri-French: Carrière; English: Jacobs English 82 No. 17; Hindu: Tawney I 183, II 65 n.; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 40, 437.
C841.2. Tabu: hunting birds. Supernatural lover (king of birds) tells woman that son must not do so.
B242.1. Various birds as king of birds.
K815.8. Hawk persuades doves to elect him their king. Kills them.
B242.1.1. Eagle king of birds. BP III 279; Icel.: Boberg.
B242.1.2. Wren king of birds. Wins contest for kingship. (Cf. B236.1.) – *Type 221; *BP III 278 (Gr. No. 171); Irish myth: Cross; Japanese: Ikeda.
B242.1.2.1.. Wren as "druid of the birds" (drui én). Irish myth: Cross.
P427. Druid (magus).
B242.1.3. Hornbill king of birds. India: Thompson-Balys.
B242.1.4. Pelican as king of birds. Africa (Duala): Gehr Zs. f. Kolonialspr. VII 25ff.
B242.1.5. Shrike as king of birds. Madagascar (Merina): Renel Contes de Madagascar II 160ff. No. 100.
B242.1.6. Jackdaw king of birds. Wienert FFC LVI 47.
B242.1.7. Peacock king of birds. Wienert FFC LVI 47.
B242.1.8. Owl as king of birds. India: Thompson-Balys.
B242.1.9. Swan as king of birds. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 8.
B242.1.10. Ziz as king of birds. Jewish: Neuman.
B242.2. King of the various kinds of birds.
B242.2.1. King of crows. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "corbeaux"; India: *Thompson-Balys.
B242.2.2. King of doves. India: *Thompson-Balys.
B242.2.3. King of kites. India: Thompson-Balys.
B242.2.4. King of pigeons. India: Thompson-Balys.
B242.2.5. King of peacocks. India: Thompson-Balys.
B242.2.6. King of quails. India: Thompson-Balys.
B242.2.7. King of sparrows. India: Thompson-Balys.
B242.2.8. King of parrots. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 572.
B242.2.9. King of geese. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 948, II 581.
B242.2.10. King of swans. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 98, 210, 242, 447.
B242.2.11. King of vultures. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 269.
B242.2.12. King of larks. Crane Vitry I No. 4.
B243. King of fishes. (Cf. B236.2.) *Type 303; *BP I 528, III 284 (Gr. No. 172); *Dh IV 192ff.; Hartland Science 174. – Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "poisson"; Missouri French: Carrière; India: *Thompson-Balys. – Africa (Angola): Chatelain 65 No. 3; S. A. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 6, 52.
B107. Treasure-fish. B124. Wise fish. B142. Prophetic fish. B142.1. King of fishes prophesies hero's birth. B175. Magic fish. B211.11. Speaking fish. B223. Kingdom of fishes. B233. Parliament of fishes. B236.2. Election of king of fishes. B375.1. Fish returned to water: grateful. B470. Helpful fish.
B243.1. Various fishes as king of fishes.
B243.1.1. Herring as king of fishes. *BP III 284, 285 n. 1 (Gr. No. 172).
B243.1.2. Eel as king of fishes. S. A. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 6.
B243.1.3. Shark as king of fishes. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth.
B243.2. King of various kinds of fishes.
B243.2.1. King of salmon. Japanese: Hartland Science 174.
B243.2.2. King of eels. Fb "al" III 1190b.
B244. King of reptiles.
B244.1. King of serpents (snakes). *Type 672; BP II 463f.; *Fb "snogekonge" III 437b, "lindorm" II 433 b, "hugormekonge" I 667. – Danish: Kristensen Danske Sagn II (1893) 213ff., (1928) 139ff. – Hindu: Keith 154; Penzer VI 29; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 27, 64, 230, 1149, II 529, 556; Chinese: Eberhard 17 No. 8; Zanzibar: Bateman 202 No. 10.
B225.1. Kingdom of serpents. H939.4.1. Serpent-king assigns task.
B244.1.1. Queen of watersnakes. India: Thompson-Balys.
B244.1.2. Serpent king resides in lake. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 981.
B244.1.3. Gigantic hood of serpent king. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 796.
B244.1.4. Four royal families of snakes. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 231.
B244.2. Naga-king. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 694.
B244.3. King of lizards. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 657.
B245. King of amphibians.
B245.1. King of frogs. Type 440, Grimm No. 1; BP I 1ff.; Panchatantra (tr. Ryder) 369; Bødker Exempler 297 No. 61; Cosquin Études 530; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "roi", "grenouille". – English: Jacobs English 237; Hindu: Keith 147; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard 76 No. 43.
J643.1. Frogs demand a live king. Zeus has given them a log as king.
B245.2. Turtle king. India: Thompson-Balys.
B246. King of insects.
B246.1. King of ants. Fb "myre".
B246.2. King (sultan) of flies. Africa (Swahili): Baker FL XXXVIII 183ff., No. 1.
B246.3. King of bees. Chinese: Eberhard 102 No. 59.
B248. King of dragons. Chinese: Graham.

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