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Prevuius group

Group No. 37


Letter

B. Animals

Group No.

B50 – B99

Group name

Mythical animals II

Description

B50. Bird-men. Irish myth: Cross.
 
A132.6.2. Goddess in form of bird. F234.1.15. Fairy in form of bird.
 
B51. Sphinx. Has face of woman, body and tail of lion, wings of bird. – **Laistner Rätsel der Sphinx; *Frazer Apollodorus I 349 n. 1; **J. Ilberg Die Sphinx in der griechischen Kunst und Saga (Leipzig, 1896); Köhler-Bolte I 115.
 
B27. Man-lion. C822. Tabu: solving sphinx's riddle. H541.1.1. Sphinx propounds riddle on pain of death. H761. Riddle of the sphinx.
 
B52. Harpy. Bird with arms and breasts of woman. – Greek: Fox 111, *Grote I 216f.; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 564.
 
B53. Siren. Bird with woman's head. – *Encyclopaedia Britannica s.v. "sirens"; Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XIX 310 n. 1 (here considered as half fish, half woman); Roscher Lexikon s.v. "Seirenen"; Penzer VI 282 n. 6; *Frazer Apollodorus I 21, II 291 n. 2; *Weicker Der Seelenvogel in d. alten Literatur und Kunst. – Slavic: Machal 260; Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 41 No. 26. – Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "sirène"; Gascon: Bladé II 342 No. 10; Jewish: Neuman.
 
D1275. Magic song. D1355.1.1. Love-producing song. F302.3.1. Fairy entices man into fairyland. J672.1. Ears stopped with wax to avoid enchanting song. Odysseus and the Sirens.
 
B53.0.1. Siren in mermaid form. Irish myth: Cross.
 
B81. Mermaid. F302.3.1. Fairy entices man into fairyland. J672.1. Ears stopped with wax to avoid enchanting song. Odysseus and the Sirens.
 
B53.1. Drowning man rescued by siren. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "noyé".
 
N810. Supernatural helpers.
 
B53.2. Man suckled by siren. Dickson Valentine and Orson 110 n. 26, 112.
 
T611. Suckling of children.
 
B53.3. Gold thrown on shore by siren. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "or".
 
B53.4. Siren's song causes sleep. Irish myth: Cross.
 
B55. Man with bird's head. Chauvin VII 77 No. 121.
 
B56. Garuda-bird. Lower part man, upper part bird. – *Penzer I 103, VII 56 n. X 159; Chauvin V 228, VII 12. – Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 345. – Indonesian: Dixon 224. – Panchatantra (trans. Ryder) 94ff.; Penzer-Tawney X 159 "Garuda".
 
B57. "Finngálkn", bird with a man's head. Icel.: *Boberg.
 
B60. Mythical fish. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
B11.2.1.3. Dragon as modified fish. B17.2.1. Hostile sea-beasts. B91.5. Sea-serpent. B175. Magic fish. B872. Giant fish. G308. Sea- (lake-) monster.
 
B60.1. Parent of all fishes. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 24.
 
B61. Leviathan. Giant fish. – Hebrew: Job 41:1, Psalms 104:26, Isaiah 27:1; Jewish: *Neuman. – Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
A876.1. The Leviathan that surrounds the globe. A1145.2. Earthquakes from movements from sea monster. B16.4.1. Leviathan casts up gorge which spreads disease. F911.4. Jonah. X1723. Lies about swallowing.
 
B62. Flying fish. Irish myth: Cross.
 
B63. Mythical octopus. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 22; Marquesas: Handy 74.
 
B64. Mythical eel. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 102f.
 
B65. Mythical shark. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 128 – 132.
 
B68. Horned water-monster. S. A. Indian (Chaco): Beliaeff BBAE CXLIII (1) 379.
 
B70. Fish-beasts. *Loomis White Magic 64f.
 
B17.2.1. Hostile sea-rat. F420.1.2. Water-spirit in animal form. F713.3. Lake-monster turning over causes lake to overflow surrounding mountains.
 
B71. Sea horse. Horse living in sea. – *Chauvin VII 7 No. 373a n. 1; *Howey Horse in Magic and Myth 133ff.; Tobler Epiphanie der Seele 97. – Irish myth: Cross; Scotch: MacDougall and Calder 309ff.; Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 42 No. 31. – Chinese: Ferguson 30.
 
A171.0.1. God drives chariot over waves. B401.1. Helpful water-horse. B611.3.1. Sea-horse paramour. F241.1. Fairies' horses.
 
B72. Sea cow. Cow living in sea. – Irish myth: Cross. – Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 42 No. 32; Danish: Kristensen Danske Sagn (1893) 153ff., (1928) 105ff.; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
B184.2.2.2. Magic cow from water world.
 
B72.1. Three sea-cows: one red, one white, one black. Irish myth: Cross.
 
F421.2. Fairies' cows. Z65.1.1. Red as blood, white as snow, black as raven.
 
B73. Sea-cat. Irish myth: Cross.
 
B17.2.1.3. Hostile sea-cat. B184. Magic cat.
 
B80. Fish-men. Tobler Epiphanie der Seele 98.
 
B53. Sirens.
 
B80.1. Seal-man. Irish myth: Cross.
 
B80.2. Monster half-man, half-fish. S. A. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 30.
 
B81. Mermaid. Woman with tail of fish. Lives in sea. – BP III 324; *Fb "havfrue" I, 569, IV 204a; Thien Motive in König Rother 42; Tobler Epiphanie der Seele 98. – Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. "poisson". Icel.: *Boberg; Estonian: Hartland Science of Fairy Tales 201; Irish myth: Cross; Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 41 No. 26; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 46 Nos. 58 – 63; North Carolina: Brown Collection I 636; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
B53.0.1. Siren in mermaid form. D361.1. Swan maiden. D1410.4. Possession of mermaid's belt gives power over her. D1719.7. Magic power of mermaid. D1812.5.1.9. Sight of mermaid bad omen. F423. Sea-spirits. F611.2.2. Strong hero suckled by mermaid. R137. Mermaid rescues heroine, who has been thrown overboard. S214. Child promised to mermaid.
 
B81.0.1. Mermaids are like fishes in the water, like men on land. Icel.: Boberg.
 
B81.0.2. Woman from water world. Irish myth: Cross.
 
F212. Fairyland under water.
 
B81.1. Mermaids from Pharoah's children. They were drowned in the Red Sea. – Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 41 No. 27.
 
E600. Reincarnation.
 
B81.2. Mermaid marries man. Fb "havfrue" IV 204a. – Krappe Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen 159 (1931) 161 – 175; Irish myth: Cross; Livonian: Loorits FFC XLVI 40 No. 25; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 45f. Nos. 55, 57.
 
B600. Marriage of person to animal. F300. Marriage or liaison with fairy. F302. Fairy mistress. F460.4.1. Mountain-girl marries mortal man. T111. Marriage of mortal and supernatural being.
 
B81.2.1. Mermaid has son by human father. *Fb "havfrue" I 569b, IV 204a; Icel.: *Boberg.
 
B81.2.2. Mermaids tear their mortal lovers to pieces. Irish myth: Cross.
 
F302.3.4. Fairies entice men and then harm them.
 
B81.3. Mermaid leads people astray. Fb "havfrue" I 569b.
 
B81.3.1. Mermaid appears at midnight, entices people into water. England: Baughman.
 
B81.3.2. Mermaid appears once each year, sings in choir, entices young man to follow her. England: Baughman.
 
B81.4. Mermaid captures a maiden. *Fb "havfrue" IV 204a.
 
R11.1. Princess (maiden) abducted by monster (ogre).
 
B81.5. Mermaid sits on knight's bedpost. *Fb "havfrue" I 569b.
 
B81.6. Mermaid has human midwife. *Fb "havfrue" I 569b.
 
F372.1. Fairies take human midwife to attend fairy woman. T584. Parturition.
 
B81.7. Mermaid warns of bad weather. *Fb "havfrue" I 569b, IV 204a. Danish: Kristensen Danske Sagn II (1893) 143ff., (1928) 101ff.
 
B81.7.1. Mermaid prophesies. Icel.: Boberg.
 
D1812. Magic power of prophecy. M301. Prophets. M340. Unfavorable prophesies. N456. Enigmatical smile (laugh) reveals secret knowledge.
 
B81.8. Mermaid cannot pass through ice. *Fb "havfrue" I 569b.
 
B81.9. Appearance of mermaid. Fb "havfrue" IV 204a; Irish myth: Cross.
 
B81.9.1. Mermaid's hair reaches her waist. *Fb "hår" I 771b.
 
G219.4. Witches' hair reaches to ground.
 
B81.9.1.1. Mermaid has wooly hair. U.S.: Baughman.
 
B81.9.2. Mermaid has large breasts. *Fb "havfrue" IV 204a; Boberg.
 
B81.9.3. Mermaid half-beautiful, half-monstrous. Irish myth: Cross.
 
B81.9.4. Giant mermaid. Irish myth: Cross. (Cf. B81.13.13.)
 
F531. Giant.
 
B81.9.5. Skin of mermaid.
 
B81.9.5.1. Mermaid has white skin. Scotland: Baughman.
 
B81.9.5.2. Mermaid has brown skin. England, U.S.: *Baughman.
 
B81.10. Mermaid swallows man. Irish myth: Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
F585.1. Fatal enticements of phantom women. F910. Extraordinary swallowings.
 
B81.11. Mermaid's singing causes sleep. Girl tumbles from boat and drowns. – Irish myth: Cross.
 
B53.4. Siren's song causes sleep. D1364.24. Music causes magic sleep. D1960. Magic sleep.
 
B81.12. When mermaid appears.
 
B81.12.1. Mermaid appears at midnight. England: Baughman.
 
B81.12.2. Mermaid appears once each year. England: Baughman.
 
B81.13. Miscellaneous actions of mermaid.
 
B81.13.1. Mermaid asks captain to move boat which blocks entrance to her dwelling. England, U.S.: *Baughman.
 
B81.13.2. Mermaid is washed up on beach. Wales, England: *Baughman.
 
B81.13.3. Sight of mermaid bathing makes man immortal. England: Baughman.
 
B81.13.4. Mermaid gives mortals gold from sea bottom. England: Baughman.
 
B81.13.5. Giant mermaid (man) cast ashore. Irish myth: Cross.
 
B81.13.6. Mermaid sings divinely in church (before enticing man away). England: Baughman.
 
B81.13.7. Mermaid appears as omen of catastrophe. Ireland, England: *Baughman.
 
B81.13.8. Curse by mermaid. Ireland, England: *Baughman.
 
B81.13.9. Mermaid ruins seducer of her adopted daughter. England: Baughman.
 
B81.13.10. Mermaid prevents raising of sunken church bell. (See C401.4.) England: Baughman.
 
B81.13.11. Mermaid captured. Irish myth: Cross.
 
D361.1. Swan maiden.
 
B81.13.11.1. Mermaid caught by fishermen. Irish myth: Cross.
 
B81.13.12. Mermaid lives for three hundred years under lake. Irish myth: Cross.
 
D1857. Magic longevity.
 
B82. Merman. Fb "havmand" IV 205a; *Chauvin V 7 No. 3. – Arabian: Burton V 215, VII 254, 264, 270, IX 169 n., 179, 182ff.; Icelandic: Hálfs saga ok Hálfsrekka (ed. Andrews) 82; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 723; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
D131.1. Transformation: merman to horse. D1639.3. Images at church turn backs as mark of disfavor. Done when abandoned woman or merman enters.
 
B82.1. Merman marries maiden. Fb "havmand" I 571a; English ballad: *Child I 366; Danish: Grundtvig Danmarks Gamle Folkeviser No. 38. – Literary treatment: Arnold "The Forsaken Merman".
 
C713. Forsaken merman. F301. Fairy lover. F322.0.1. Woman carried off by water-fairy.
 
B82.1.1. Merman demands princess. *Fb "havmand" I 571a; Gaster Thespis 176.
 
R11.1. Princess (maiden) abducted by monster (ogre).
 
B82.1.2. Harp music makes merman restore stolen bride. *Fb "havmand" I 571a, II 725.
 
B82.2. Merman demands cattle as offering. *Fb "havmand" I 571a.
 
S260. Sacrifices.
 
B82.3. Youth takes service with merman. *Fb "havmand" I 571a.
 
F376. Mortal as servant in fairyland.
 
B82.4. Merman teaches music. *Fb "nökke" II 725a.
 
B82.5. Merman attacked by putting steel in the water. *Fb "nökke" II 725a.
 
F384.2. Steel powerful against fairies.
 
B82.6. Merman caught by fisherman (released). England: Baughman.
 
B82.7. Merman lays hands on side of canoe. U. S.: Baughman.
 
B83. Fish with human face. *Chauvin 8 No. 373A n. 2.
 
B90. Other mythical animals.
 
B91. Mythical serpent. Borgese "Giganti e Serpenti" Archivio per lo Studio delle tradizioni popolari XX 507ff., XXI 90ff., 161ff. – Hindu: Penzer I 109 n. 2, II 90 n. 2, 266, III 259 n. 1. – Indo-Chinese: Scott 301; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
A876. Midgard Serpent. B11. Dragon. B15.1.2.10.2. Hundred-headed serpent. B16.9. Devastating man-eating seamonster (serpent). B19.4.2. Fiery serpent. B61. Leviathan.
 
B91.1. Naga. Serpent demon. – Penzer I 203f., VI 28 n. 2; India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1354.
 
B91.2. Plumed serpent. Hopi, Zuñi: Alexander N. Am. 188.
 
B91.3. Horned snake. Jewish: Neuman; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 357 n. 287f.; (Micmac): Parsons JAFL XXXVIII 95 No. 27; (Cherokee): Alexander N. Am. 68f.; Ladino (Honduras, Nicaragua): Conzemius BBAE CVI 169.
 
B91.4. Sky-traveling snake. N. A. Indian (Zuñi): Alexander N. Am. 188.
 
B91.5. Sea-serpent. *Oudemans (A. C.) The Great Sea-Serpent (London 1892). – Norwegian: Storaker (J.T.) Naturrigerne i den norske Folketro (Oslo 1928) 249; Solheim Register 17; Irish myth: Cross; Icel.: Boberg.
 
B11.3.1. Dragon's home at bottom of sea. B15.7.12. Eel with fiery mane. B16.9. Devastating (man-eating) sea-monster (serpent). B875. Giant sea-monster G308. Sea- (lake-) monster. X1396.1. Lie: sea-serpent.
 
B91.5.1. Sea-serpent dilates and contracts. Irish myth: Cross.
 
B750. Fanciful habits of animals. D631. Size changed at will.
 
B91.5.2. Lake-serpent (monster). Irish myth: Cross.
 
B91.5.2.1. Lake-serpent (monster) in form of woman. Irish myth: Cross.
 
B81.2.3.1. Mermaid caught by fisherman.
 
B91.6. Serpent causes flood. Irish myth: Cross.
 
A1011. Local deluges.
 
B91.7. Serpent is immortal. Gaster Oldest Stories 81.
 
B92. Other mythical reptiles. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 125.
 
B93. Mythical spider. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
B94. Mythical crustacean.
 
B94.1. Mythical crab. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
B95. Vegetable lamb. Generated from ground. Umbilical cord is in the ground and the lambs will die if it is forcibly severed. They are frightened into severing it themselves and then live. Vertebrae of the neck planted to produce new ones. – *Laufer JAFL XXVIII 115ff.
 
B95.1. Vegetable lamb born from melons (as from eggs). – Laufer JAFL XXVIII 124.
 
B95.2. Marine lamb. Wool taken from sea lamb. (Really textiles from shell-fish pinna). – Laufer JAFL XXVIII 103ff.
 
B96. Beast with human head and shape of smith's bellows. Irish myth: Cross.
 
B98. Mythical frog. S. A. Indian (Warrau): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 140.
 
B99. Mythical animals – miscellaneous. Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 371, (Zanzibar): Bateman 158 No. 8, (Basuto): Jacottet 70, 200, 276, (Ibo of Nigeria): Thomas 147, (Kaffir): Theal 84, 172.
 
B99.1. Mythical salamander. Jewish: Neuman.
 
B99.2. Mythical worm. Jewish: Neuman.

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