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Group No. 3


A. Mythological Motifs

Group No.

A150 – A199.

Group name

The gods in general part 2


A150. Daily life of the gods.
A151. Home of the gods. Elysium, Avalon, earthly paradise. — Celtic (general): MacCulloch Celtic 14; Irish: ibid. 37f., 114ff., Cross; Welsh: ibid. 193; Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 312ff.; Hindu: Penzer I 125 n. 1.; Jewish: Neuman. — Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 67; So. Am. Indian (Apapocuvá-Guarani): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 122; Africa (Fang): Trilles 130.
A102.5. Omnipresent god. A661.1. Valhalla. F130. Location of otherworld. F210. Fairyland.
A151.0.1. Home of god where he is the only living one. Jewish: Neuman.
A151.0.2. God's abode known to none. Jewish: Neuman.
A151.1. Home of gods on high mountain. Mt. Olympus. Patch PMLA XXXIII 618; Gaster Thespis 138, 170ff.; Greek: Fox 8, Grote I 10; Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 23; Hindu: Penzer X 195 s. v. "Kailasa", Keith 149 (Mount Meru); India: *Thompson-Balys; Jewish: Neuman. — Hawaii: Beck with Myth 19.
A665.3. Mountain supports sky. F132. Otherworld on lofty mountain. F750. Extraordinary mountains and valleys.
A151.1.1. Home of gods inside of hill. Irish myth: Cross. — Cheyenne: Alexander N. Am. 123, 127; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 39.
F211. Fairyland under a hollow knoll (mound, hill, sid). F721.2. Habitable hill.
A151.1.2. Home of gods in cave. Hivaoa (Marquesas): Handy 104; Tonga: Gifford 81.
A151.1.3. Home of gods in volcano crater. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 167, 173.
A151.1.4. Gods live in cloudland. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 64, 67; Tahiti: Beckwith Myth 31.
A151.2. Garden of the gods. Hindu: Penzer I 66 n. 1, 68, 96, II 34, III 5, 24, 138, VI 82, VII 129, 148, VIII 73, 165, 170, IX 21, 87 n. 4; Irish myth: Cross; Babylonian: Ungnad Das Gilgamesch Epos IX 163, cf. 148, 163ff.; Jewish: Neuman; Gaster Thespis 171, Oldest Stories 48.
F162.1. Garden in otherworld.
A151.3. Home of the gods under the sea. India: Thompson-Balys.
A151.3.1. Gods live in spring. Tonga: Beckwith Myth 74.
A151.3.2. Home of gods on island. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 67f., 85; Tahiti: Beckwith Myth 178.
A151.4. Palaces of the gods. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 327, 329.
A151.4.1. God's temple of jewels. Jewish: Neuman.
A151.4.2. Palace of gods with door at each end for sun's journey. Virgil Aeneid X line 3.
A151.4.3. Golden mansions of gods. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 421.
A151.4.4. House of god with pillars made of dead chief's bones. Samoa: Beckwith Myth 76.
A151.5. City of gods (God). Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 329; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 290, II 961, 1195.
A151.6. God's home on heavenly bodies.
A151.6.1. God (Indra) has palace on Milky Way. India: Thompson-Balys.
A151.6.2. Sun and moon as habitations of gods. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 85.
A151.7. Deity lives in forest. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1059. — Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 36f.
A151.7.1. Deity resides in tree. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1319. — India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 136.
F441.2.1. Wood-nymph.
A151.7.1.1. God's home under tree of life (cf. F441.2.1.). Jewish: Neuman.
E90. Tree of life.
A151.8. God in sea of milk. India: *Thompson-Balys.
A151.9. God originally resident among men. Jewish: Neuman.
A151.10. God dwells at particular point on earth. Jewish: Neuman.
A151.10.1. Home of God the ark and the temple. Jewish: Neuman.
A151.11. God's spirit dwells among mortals. Jewish: Neuman.
A151.12. God's landing place (on island). Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 11.
A151.13. God dwells alone in darkness. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 42.
A151.14. Various other dwelling places of gods. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 3, 11, 43, 67.
A152. God's throne. Jewish: Neuman.
A152.1. God's two thrones (of mercy and of justice). Jewish: Neuman.
A152.2. Flames surround God's throne. Jewish: Neuman.
A152.3. God's throne on wheels. Jewish: Neuman.
A152.4. Attendants around God's throne. Jewish: Neuman.
A152.5. Heavenly curtain surrounds God's throne. Jewish: Neuman.
A152.6. Footstool before divine throne. Jewish: Neuman.
A152.7. Bearers of God's throne. Jewish: Neuman.
A152.8. Heavenly throne has Jacob's face engraved on it. Jewish: Neuman.
A152.9. God's throne becomes hot because of activities on earth. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 425, 492, 572, 897.
A153. Food of the gods. Ambrosia. — Smith Dragon 188; Hindu: Keith 106, Tawney I 425, 478; India: Thompson-Balys; Greek: Roscher I 280. — Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 67; Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 313; Irish myth: Cross.
C241. Tabu: eating food of gods. D1030. Magic food. F243. Fairies' food.
A153.1. Theft of ambrosia. Food of the gods stolen. — Hindu: Keith 139; Persian: Carnoy 283.
A1415. Theft of fire. K300. Thefts and cheats.
A153.2. Magic food gives immortality to gods. Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 54; India: Thompson-Balys.
D1346.3. Food of immortality.
A153.2.1. Gods' food gives supernatural growth. Irish Myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Greek: Grote I 43.
T615. Supernatural growth.
A153.3. Banquets of the gods. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 23; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 137. — So. Am. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 178.
A153.3.1. Moon steals food from banquet of the gods (cf. A153.1.). India: Thompson-Balys.
A153.3.2. Sun, moon and wind dine with their uncle and aunt, thunder and lightning. India: Thompson-Balys.
A153.4. Magic food rejuvenates the gods. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 178.
A191. Goddess rejuvenates self when old. A474.1. Goddess of youth.
A153.5. Food of gods: meat of "cow of plenty". India: Thompson-Balys.
A153.6. Why gods only accept blood. India: Thompson-Balys.
A153.7. God's preference for cooked food. India: Thompson-Balys.
A153.8. Cannibal gods (cf. G11.). India: Thompson-Balys.
A153.9. Gods nourished by air. Hivaoa (Marquesas): Handy 105.
A154. Drink of the gods. Greek: Grote I 43; Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 54, 86, 172, 313; Hindu: Penzer X 243 s. v. "nectar"; Keith 46 and passim; India: *Thompson-Balys; Persian: Carnoy 265; Chinese: Ferguson 130.
D1346.1.2. Nectar of immortality.
A154.1. Magic drink gives immortality to gods (cf. D1040). Irish: Mac Culloch Celtic 31, 54; Hindu: Keith 46.
A191.1. Great age of the gods. D1338.1. Magic drink rejuvenates. D1880. Magic rejuvenation. F167.9. Otherworld people ever young, ever beautiful. F172. No time, no birth, no death in otherworld. F251.5. Fairies as sprites who have been given immortality. F259.1. Mortality (immortality) of fairies.
A154.2. Theft of magic mead by Odin. *O1rik Edda XXIV 236ff. — Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 54.
M234.1. Life spared in return for poetic mead.
A154.3. Gods discover liquor. India: Thompson-Balys.
A154.4. Milk of the gods. India: Thompson-Balys.
A155. Animals of the gods (cf. A136). Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 109, 216.
A155.1. Cattle of the sun. Greek: Fox 137.
A155.2. Horses of the gods (cf. A171.1). Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 216; Snorra Edda Gylf. XV.
A155.3. Birds of the gods (cf. A165.1.1.). Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 36f., 115, 177.
A155.4. Gods keep mosquitoes as pets. India: Thompson-Balys.
A155.5. God's elephant. India: Thompson-Balys.
A155.5.1. God has enormous elephant. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 457.
A155.6. Goddess sleeps on bed of snakes. India: Thompson-Balys.
A155.7. God has his dairies and buffaloes. India: Thompson-Balys.
A156. Precious properties of the gods. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 266; Jewish: Neuman.
A156.1. Jewels of the gods. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 120ff., 140ff.; Jewish: Neuman.
A156.2. God's crown. Jewish: Neuman.
A156.3. God's scepters. Jewish: Neuman.
A156.4. God's seal. Jewish: Neuman.
A156.5. Chariot of the gods. Virgil Aeneid X line 635; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 77, 916.
A157. Weapons of the gods. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 32, 965.
A157.1. Thunderweapon. Stone weapons (axes) brought down by thunderbolt (from Thunder God). — Blinkenberg The Thunder Weapon 1911; Hdwb. d. d. Aberglaubens II 325; Saintyves Corpus du Folklore Prehistorique en France et dans les Colonies Françaises (1934—36) I—III; J. Balys Tautosakos Darbai III 1937 223ff.; Jewish: *Neuman.
A284. God of thunder. A284.2. Thunderbird. A285. God of lightning. A992.2. Sacred place where thunderbolt fell down. Q552.1. Death by thunderbolt as punishment.
A157.1.1. Thunderbolt as gods' weapon. Greek: Fox 159; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 214, 309, II 1060.
A284. God of thunder. A284.2. Thunderbird.
A157.2. God's arrows. Jewish: Neuman.
A157.3. God's spear. Jewish: Neuman.
A157.4. God's shield. Jewish: Neuman.
A157.5. God's sword. Jewish: Neuman.
A157.6. God's bow. Jewish: Neuman.
A157.7. Hammer of thunder god. Gaster Thespis 135, 363.
A158. Clothing of gods. Eskimo: Holm 73; Jewish: Neuman.
A159. Daily life of the gods — miscellaneous.
A159.1. Deity's special drum. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 965.
C916.2. Animals produced when forbidden drum is beaten.
A160. Mutual relations of the gods.
D45.2. Gods exchange forms.
A161. Hierarchy of gods. Persian: Carnoy 260; Irish myth: Cross; Hindu: Müller 142f.; India: Thompson-Balys; Greek: Grote I 3, 9; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 729.
A101. Supreme god. A107. Gods of darkness and of light.
A161.1. Division of control of universe among gods. Greek: Grote I 3, 9.
A161.2. King of the gods. See all references to A101 (Supreme god).
A161.3. Queen of the gods. Greek: Grote I 10; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 13, chap. II passim.
A161.4. God presides over all male spirits. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 13.
A161.5. Eldest god born in front, younger at back. (Cf. A112.7.) Hivaoa (Marquesas): Handy 138.
A162. Conflicts of the gods. Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Grote I 1, 3, 8; Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 26ff., 172; Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 356, 411; Hindu: Penzer I 197ff.; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Anesaki 225; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 318, 1104. — Gaster Thespis 115ff., 125.
A1750. Animals created through opposition of devil to God. F277. Battle of the fairies and the gods.
A162.1. Fight of the gods and giants. Jünger (F. G.) Die Titanen (Frankfurt a. M. 1944); Mayer Die Giganten und Titanen in der antiken Sage (Berlin 1887). — Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 11, *42 n. 1, *43 n. 2; Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 82, Herrmann Saxo II 97ff; Irish myth: Cross; Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 356; Chinese: Werner 159; Hindu: Penzer X 77 s.v. "Asuras", X 118 s.v. "Daityas", X 119 s.v. "Danavas"; India: *Thompson-Balys; Samoa: Beckwith Myth 254.
A107. Gods of darkness and of light. A255. Star deity and drought demon fight. E155.1.1. Constant replacement of fighters. In contest between gods and demons, latter are constantly slain and replaced. Q433.2. Defeated giants imprisoned in lower world.
A162.1.0.1. Recurrent battle (everlasting fight) (cf. A165.7.). Irish myth: Cross.
E155.1. Slain warriors revive nightly.
A162.2. Combat between god of light and dragon of ocean. Jewish: Neuman; Babylonian and Egyptian: Müller 104; cf. Chinese: Werner 215.
A162.3. Combat between thundergod and devil (cf. A157.1, A189.1.1, A284, A285). *Balys "Donner und Teufel in den Volkserzählungen der baltischen und skandinavischen Völker" Tautosakos Darbai VI (1939) 1—220.
G303.3.1.18. Devil as shoemaker is struck by lightning. G303.6.2.12. Devil hides in the folds of clothes of people running from storm. G303. Devil appears during thunder storm, seeking shelter among people. K1177. Dupe deceived concerning thunder. Q45.2.1. Man saves the unrecognized devil from thunder. Q552.1. Death by thunderbolt as punishment. Q552.1.0.2. Thunder slays people for disregard for him.
A162.3.1. Devil (ogre) steals thunder's instruments. Icel.: Thrymskvida; Lappish, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, and Lithuanian: *Balys Tautosakos Darbai VI (1939) 33—43.
A162.3.2. Thunder and lightning slay devils. Norwegian, Danish, Swedish, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, and Lithuanian: *Balys Tautosakos Darbai VI (1939) 111—128.
A162.4. Brahma cursed by other gods: now has no temples. India: Thompson-Balys.
A162.5. God reborn of human woman to avenge self on giant (cf. A179.5.). India: Thompson-Balys.
A162.6. Battle between God's orderly (giant) and plague. India: Thompson-Balys.
A162.7. Single combat between gods. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 17, 206; Marquesas: Handy 109; Icel.: Boberg.
A162.8. Rebellion of lesser gods against chief. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 60, 118, 155.
A106.2. Revolt of evil angels against God.
A163. Contests among the gods.
H1589.1. Judgment of Paris.
A163.1. Game between gods. (Cf. A164.3.1.).
A163.1.1. Gods play chess. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 216 No. 165.
A164. Marriage or liaison of gods. Irish myth: Cross; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 964; India: Thompson-Balys.
A164.1. Brother-sister marriage of the gods. Irish myth: Cross; Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 102; Greek: Grote I 58; Marquesas: Handy 122.
A511.3.2. Culture hero son of king's unmarried sister by her brother. T410. Incest.
A164.1.1. Mother-son marriage of the gods. Irish myth: Cross; So. Am. Indian (Mundurucu): Horton BBAE CXLIII (3) 281.
T412. Mother-son incest.
A164.2. Adultery among the gods. Irish myth: Cross.
K1563. Husband (god) traps wife and paramour with magic armor.
A164.3. Polygamy among the gods. Irish myth: Cross; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 186.
T145. Polygamous marriage.
A164.3.1. Krishna plays cards with his three wives. (Cf. A163.1.). India: Thompson-Balys.
A164.4. Matriarchy among the gods. Irish myth: Cross.
T148. Matriarchy.
A164.5. Polyandry among the gods. Irish myth: Cross.
T146. Polyandry.
A164.6. God as lover of giantess. Icel.: *Boberg.
F531. Giant.
A164.7. Jealous wife of god. India. Thompson-Balys.
A165. Attendants and servants of the gods. Greek: Grote I 10, 67; Icel.: *Boberg (A165.3); Jewish: *Neuman; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 964f.; Hindu: *Penzer I 200, X 158 s. v. "Ganas", "Gandharvas".
A141. God as craftsman. A155. Animals of the gods.
A165.1. Animals as attendants of god.
A165.1.1. Ravens as attendants of god. Grimm Deutsche Mythologie I 122. — Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 65, Boberg.
B122.2. Birds as reporters of sights and sounds. Sit on Odin's shoulder and report what they see and hear. C92.1. Tabu: killing raven (Odin's bird). E501.4.4. Two ravens follow wild huntsman.
A165.1.2. Eagle as god's bird. Icel.: Boberg.
A165.1.3. Red sea-bird god's pet. Tahiti: Henry 180.
A165.2. Messenger of the gods. *Güntert Weltkönig 280; Gaster Thespis 139. — Greek: Fox 191 (Hermes, Iris), Grote I 43; Irish: Beal XXI 319, 336; India: *Thompson-Balys; Jewish: *Neuman; Huichol: Alexander Lat. Am. 122. — Tahiti: Beckwith Myth 31, Henry 164.
A165.2.0.1. Deity's messenger can assume any guise he wishes. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 906.
D630. Transformation and disenchantment at will.
A165.2.1. Animals as messengers of the gods.
A165.2.1.1. Wild beasts as messengers of the gods. Jewish: Neuman.
A165. Wolves as god's dogs. *Fb "ulv" III 971, BP III 199. — Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 65.
B575.1. Wild animals kept as dogs.
A165. Tiger as god's messenger. India: Thompson-Balys.
A165. Elephant as god's messenger. India: Thompson-Balys.
A165. Bears as God's messengers. Jewish: Neuman.
A165. Leopards as God's messengers. Jewish: Neuman.
A165. Lions as God's messengers. Jewish: Neuman.
A165.2.2. Birds as messengers of the gods. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Pawnee: Alexander N. Am. 81; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 177.
A132.6.2. Goddess in form of bird. B450. Helpful birds. F234.1.15. Fairy in form of bird.
A165.2.2.1. Cock as ambassador of god. Fjort: Dennett 105 No. 29.
A165.2.3. Angels as God's messengers. Jewish: Neuman.
A165.2.4. Powers of nature (sun, moon, etc.) as God's messengers. Jewish: Neuman.
A165.3. Cupbearer of the gods. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 37 n. 4.
A165.3.1. Cupbearer of the gods is god of smith-work. *MacCulloch Celtic 31.
A142. Smith of the gods.
A165.3.2. Cupbearer of the gods controls waters. Irish myth: Cross.
D2151. Magic control of waters.
A165.4. Watchman of the gods. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 152 (Heimdall), 276, 303, 313, 331 (Cock), 328 (Thor), 329 (Heimdall). — Tahiti: Beckwith Myth 221.
A165.4.1. Demons as watchmen of the gods upon earth. Greek: *Grote I 63.
A165.5. Doorkeeper of the gods. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 186 (Syn).
A165.6. Scribe of the gods. Siberian, Babylonian, Egyptian: Holmberg Siberian 410; Armenian: Ananikian 30ff.
A465.3.1. God of eloquence and learning.
A165.7. Army of the gods (cf. A162). Icel.: Herrmann Nordische Mythologie 279 (Einherjar), Neckel Walhall 68ff; India: Thompson-Balys.
E155.1. Slain warriors revive nightly.
A165.8. Magician of the gods. India: Thompson-Balys.
A165.9. Fisherman of the gods. Gaster Thespis 154. — Maori: Clark 56.
A166. Dancers of the gods. Hindu: Keith 143; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 186.
A167. Assembly of gods. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 310, II 958, 1098.
A167.1. Council of the gods. India: *Thompson-Balys.
A168. Family of gods (cf. A111, A164). Greek: Fox 151ff. passim. — Tahiti: Henry 231; Easter Is.: Métraux Ethnology 311; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 964.
A169. Mutual relations of the gods — miscellaneous.
A169.1. Judge and tribunal of the gods. Icel.: *Boberg.
A170. Deeds of the gods.
A171. Gods ride through air. India: *Thompson-Balys.
A136.6. God rides flying elephant. F32. God visits earth. K1811. Gods in disguise visit mortals.
A171.0.1. God drives chariot over waves. Irish myth: Cross.
A421. Sea-god. B71. Sea-horse. B181.4. Magic horse travels on sea or land. D1114. Magic chariot. D1533.1.2. Magic land and water chariot.
A171.0.2. God ascends to heaven. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 109; Maori: Beckwith Myth 83; So. Am. Indian (Huamachuco): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 151.
A171.0.3. God descends from heaven.
F32. God visits earth. K1811. Gods in disguise visit mortals.
A171.0.3.1. God descends on rainbow. Tahiti: Henry 232; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 37.
F152.1.1. Rainbow bridge to otherworld.
A171.0.3.2. God descends in form of shooting star. New Zealand: Beckwith Myth 113.
A171.1. God rides through air on wind-swift horse. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 43.
A136.1.2.1. Slelpnir: eight-legged horse of Odin. B41.2. Flying horse.
A171.1.1. God rides through air in chariot. Jewish: Neuman.
A136.2. God's chariot.
A171.1.2. Valkyries ride through air and water. Icel.: Boberg.
A171.2. God flies in bird plumage. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 83, Boberg; Greek: Iliad and Odyssey passim.
A171.3. God flies in pillar of floating clouds, thunder, and lightning. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 29.
A172. Gods intervene in battle. Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Iliad passim; Norse: Herrmann Nordische Mythologie 291ff, Boberg; Gaster Thespis 349; Hindu: Tawney I 412, II 473—477; Jewish: *Neuman.
A185. Gods and goddesses help the men, heroes, whom they like. A185.1. God aids half-mortal son in battle. A536. Demigods fight as allies of mortals. D2163.2. Magic reinforcements. F349.2. Fairy aids mortal in battle. F394.2. Mortals aid fairies in war. K1845. Substitute in battle. N817.0.1. God as helper.
A173. Gods deposed for a time. Irish myth: Cross; Icel.: De Vries FFC XCIV 38ff., Herrmann Saxo II 109ff.; Hindu: Tawney II 581. — Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 11, 17, 177.
A128.4. God with one hand. P16.2. King must resign if maimed (disfigured).
A173.1. In god's absence his function ceases. Death, reproduction, etc., suspended until the god's return. — *Wesselski Archiv Orientálni I 300ff.
A431.1. Goddess of fertility.
A173.2. Gods imprisoned. Irish myth: Cross.
A175. God reduces the elements to order. Greek: Fox 9; Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: *Neuman. — Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 20ff.
A530. Culture hero establishes law and order.
A175.1. God supplies reproductive energy to all things. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 20, 32.
A176. God ordains ceremonies and regulations. Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 40.
A1500. Origin of customs.
A177. God as thief. Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus II 6 n. 1 (Hermes).
F365. Fairies steal.
A177.1. God as dupe or trickster. Irish myth: Cross.
A521. Culture hero as dupe or trickster. K232.2.1. Fairy loses stronghold by consenting to lend it for "a day and a night".
A178. God as prophet. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.
M301. Prophets.
A179. Deeds of the gods — miscellaneous.
A179.1. God as rath-builder. Irish myth: Cross.
D1136.1. Fort produced by magic. F531.6.6. Giants as builders of great structures.
A179.2. God given dominion over floating island. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 71.
F737. Wandering island.
A179.3. God deliberately has enemies kill him. Hivaoa (Marquesas): Handy 105.
A179.4. Head of god bitten off by shark. Hivaoa (Marquesas): Handy 108.
A179.5. Deity reincarnated. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 279.
A162.5. God reborn of human woman.
A179.6. God has power to create men. Marquesas: Handy 122.
A179.7. God divests self of earthly raiment and clothes self with lightning. Maori: Beckwith Myth 83.
A179.8. God hides from sun in shadow of a cloud. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G 3/191).
A179.9. God plays with leviathan. Jewish: Neuman.
A844.7. God rests on leviathan. B61. Leviathan.
A180. Gods in relation to mortals. Irish myth: Cross; Norse: Olrik Kilderne til Sakses Oldhistorie I (1892) 30ff., 32ff.
B641.3. Marriage to god in bull form. C50. Tabu: offending the gods. C191. Tabu: mortal lusting after goddess.C312.1.1. Tabu: man looking at nude goddess. C313.1.1. Tabu: goddess seeing mortal husband naked. D42. God in guise of mortal. D42.1. God transformed to giant with three heads and six arms. D101. Transformation: god to animal. D1814.3. Advice from god (or gods). D1983.1. Invisibility conferred by a god. D2161.5.3. Cure by deity. E121.1. Resuscitation by a god. E605.2. Reincarnation: god reborn as man. E605.3. Reincarnation: man becomes god. F32. God visits earth. K1811. Gods (saints) in disguise visit mortals. M226. Immortal exchanges immortality with mortal. M414.1. Goddess cursed. N817. Deity as helper. P535.2.1. Ireland given to mortals by gods in payment of eric for death of their leader. Q1. Hospitality rewarded — opposite punished. Q221. Personal offences against godspunished. Q255. Punishment of woman who prefers mortal lover to gods. S260. Sacrifices. T91.8. Mortal and supernatural being in love. T111.1. Marriage of a mortal and a god. T611.1.1. Child nourished by sucking thumb of a god. V227. Saints have divine visitors.
A181. God serves as menial on earth. Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus II 20 n. 1, Grote I 36, 53, 108; Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 142; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 962; India: *Thompson-Balys.
F346.2. Fairy serves mortal. K1816.0.1. God disguised as menial. L113.1. Menial hero. Q482. Punishment: noble person must do menial service. V233.1. Angel of death spares mother who is suckling children. As punishment angel must serve as sexton.
A181.1. God clears plains. Irish myth: Cross.
A537. Culture hero clears plains. A901. Topographical features caused by experiences of primitive hero. F271.5. Fairies clear land. F614.9. Strong man clears plain.
A181.2. God as cultivator. India: Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 17.
A182. God reveals himself to mortals. Jewish: *Neuman.
A182.0.1. God does not reveal himself; men unable to endure his glory. Jewish: Neuman.
A182.0.2. Human intellect unable to conceive God's essence. Jewish: Neuman.
A182.1. God reveals secrets (mysteries) to mortals. Jewish: Neuman.
A182.1.1. Household gods speak to explain events. Virgil Aeneid III line 155.
A182.2. God gives name to child. Jewish: Neuman.
A182.3. God (angel) speaks to mortal. Jewish: Neuman.
V227. Saints have divine visitors. V235. Mortal visited by angel.
A182.3.0.1. God speaks to Moses from bush. Jewish: Neuman; Moreno Esdras.
D1610.2.2. Speaking bush.
A182. Angel speaks to Patrick from bush that merely seems to burn. Irish myth: Cross.
A182.3.0.2. God speaks to saint in prison. Rüttgers Der Heiligen Leben (Leipzig, 1921) 103.
A182.3.0.3. Saint speaks with God each Thursday. Irish myth: Cross.
A182. Saint goes to heaven every Thursday (each day) and talks with angels. Irish myth: Cross.
Q172.8.1. Saint goes to heaven every Thursday.
A182.3.0.4. God does not directly address women; uses interpreter. Jewish: Neuman.
A182.3.0.5. God speaks from mountain. Jewish: Neuman.
A182.3.1. God consoles mortal. Jewish: Neuman.
A182.3.2. God rebukes mortal. Jewish: Neuman.
A182.3.3. God blesses mortal. Jewish: Neuman.
A182.3.4. God makes promises to mortal. Jewish: Neuman.
A182.3.4.1. God in form of fakir visits king and gives him advice. India: Thompson-Balys.
A182.3.4.2. God promises mortal prosperity for man and offspring. India: Thompson-Balys.
A182.3.5. God advises mortal. Jewish: Neuman.
A182.3.6. Moon-god, overcome in contest with mortal, threatens to withold rain and game. Eskimo: Holm 75, Rink 442.
A1421.1. Hoarded game.
A183. Deity invoked. Greek: Odyssey IX line 528, Iliad I 218, et passim; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 2, chap. 1 passim.
A183.1. Male god invoked in east; female in west. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 12.
A184. God as founder and protector of certain peoples.
A184.1. God as protector of Israel. Jewish: *Neuman.
A185. Deity cares for favorite individuals. Greek: Fox 33, 170f., 197; Icelandic: Volsunga Saga chap. 13, Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 187f.
A185.1. God helps mortal in battle. Jewish: Neuman; Irish myth: Cross.
A172. Gods intervene in battle. A528. Culture hero has supernatural helpers. A536. Demigods act as allies of mortals. F349.2. Fairy aids mortal in battle. N800. Helpers.
A185.2. Deity protects mortal. Jewish: Neuman; Greek myth passim.
A185.2.1. God rescues sleeping man from attack. Jewish: Neuman.
A185.2.2. God makes man's hand rigid so he can no longer torment captive. Jewish: Neuman.
D2072. Magic paralysis.
A185.2.3. God makes sword drop from assailant's hands. Jewish: Neuman.
A185.3. Deity teaches mortal. Jewish: Neuman.
A185.4. Deity buries dead mortal. Jewish: Neuman.
A185.5. Deity assists at man's wedding. Jewish: Neuman.
T150. Happenings at weddings.
A185.6. Deity particular friend to one mortal.
A185.6.1. God kisses mortal. Jewish: Neuman.
A185.6.1.1. Kiss of God causes painless death. Jewish: Neuman.
A185.7. God prepares food for mortal. Jewish: Neuman.
A185.8. Deity promises to restore city. Jewish: Neuman.
A185.9. Covenant between God and mortal. Jewish: Neuman.
M200. Bargains and promises.
A185.10. Deity accompanies mortal on journey as guide. Jewish: Neuman; Oahu (Hawaii): Beckwith Myth 328; Tahiti: ibid. 221; Africa (Fang): Einstein 94.
A185.11. God rewards mortal for pious act. Jewish: Neuman.
Q20. Piety rewarded.
A185.12. Deity provides man with soul. Jewish: Neuman.
A1217. Devil's unsuccessful attempt to vivify his creations as God has done. E700. The soul.
A185.12.1. God resuscitates man. Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 188 No. 128.
E0. Resuscitation.
A185.12.2. God removes mortal's soul. Jewish: Neuman.
E700. The soul.
A185.13. God puts mortal to test. Jewish: Neuman.
H. Tests.
A185.14. God controls mortals' sinning.
A185.14.1. God causes mortals' sin. Jewish: Neuman.
A185.14.2. God witholds mortal from sinning. Jewish: Neuman.
A185.15. God establishes peace between mortals. Jewish: Neuman.
A185.16. God pities mortal. Jewish: Neuman.
A185.17. God visits sick mortal. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1116.
A187. Gods and men judge each other.
A187.1. God as judge of men. Greek: Fox 227, Wienert FFC LVI 36; Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 162 (Forseti); Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 198ff., II 249, IV 238, 275f., VIII 64, 108 n. 1, 163 n. 1, 184, 215.
A187.2. Mortal as umpire of quarrel between gods. Icel.: Boberg; Celtic-Norse: FFC LXXXIII, xxxviii–xli. — India: *Thompson-Balys.
D832. Magic object acquired by acting as umpire for fighting heirs. F451.5.23. Dwarfs seek human help in their fights and troubles.
A188. Gods and goddesses in love with men. Babylonian: Gilgamesch Epos VI (Ishtar). — Irish myth: Cross; Norse: Herrmann Saxo Gr. II 238ff., *Boberg; Greek: Fox 29, 157, 199, 211. — Tahiti: Henry 231, Beckwith Myth 37, Porapora (Society Is.): *Beckwith Myth 38; Maori: Clark 148; So. Am. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 154, 165.
T91.8. Love of goddess for mortal. T111. Marriage of mortal and supernatural being.
A188.1. Philandering god. Greek: Grote I 58; India: *Thompson-Balys.
D658.1. Transformation to husband's (lover's) form to seduce woman. K1301. Mortal woman seduced by god. K1315.1. Seduction by posing as a god.
A188.2. Gods as ancestors of mankind. Irish myth: Cross (A188.1); Hawaii: Beckwith myth 2, 70, 294, 300; Tahiti: Beckwith Myth 37; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G. 3/1010); Easter Is.: Métraux 310; So. Am. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 171; Inca: Rowe BBAE CXLIII (2) 315.
A189. Gods in relation to mortals — miscellaneous.
A189.0.1. "Gods and not-gods". Irish myth: Cross (A189).
A189.1. Mortal as ally of gods.
A189.1.1. Man as helper of thundergod. Lithuanian, Latvian, Livonian, Estonian, Ukrainian, Polish, and Rumanian: *Balys Tautosakos Darbai VI 53—83, 107f.; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *1147A; Prussian: Plenzat 60.
A162.3. Thundergod pursues and slays the devil. G303.10. Allies and possessions of the devil. G303.25.7. Man shoots the devil with a silver gun.
A189.2. God summoned by weeping. India: Thompson-Balys.
E361. Return from the dead to stop weeping. E381. Ghost summoned by weeping.
A189.3. Man cheats a god in throwing dice. India: Thompson-Balys.
A189.4. God jealous of a mortal. India: Thompson-Balys.
A189.5. Goddess' throne shakes when some mischance befalls her faithful worshipper. India: Thompson-Balys.
A189.6. Deity appears before human being after prayers. India: Thompson-Balys.
A189.7. Deity ascertains destiny of newborn babe and inscribes it upon his forehead. India: Thompson-Balys.
N121. Fate decided before birth.
A189.8. Accountants of god keep lists of good and bad acts of human beings. India: Thompson-Balys.
A189.9. Early period when gods and men lived together, gods ruling men, ordaining how they should live and originating various customs. — India: Thompson-Balys.
A189.10. Goddesses come down to earth by a silken thread, are offended by raja and produce drought. India: Thompson-Balys.
F37. God visits earth. K1811. Gods (saints) in disguise visit mortals.
A189.11. Mortal adopted son by god. India: Thompson-Balys.
A189.12. Goddess protects animals from hunters. India: Thompson-Balys.
A189.13. Gods forced by mortals to take refuge underground. Irish myth: Cross (A183.1.).
A151.1.1. Home of gods inside of hill.
A189.14. God's enemies. Jewish: Neuman.
A189.15. God as fructifier of mankind and the earth. Jewish: Neuman.
A189.16. Gods give divinity to mortal. Tahiti: Henry 231.
A189.17. Night the period of gods, day the period of mankind. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 14.
A190. Gods: miscellaneous motifs.
A191. Goddess rejuvenates self when old. Navaho: Alexander N. Am. 164.
A153.4. Magic food rejuvenates the gods. A474.1. Goddess of youth. D1881. Magic self-rejuvenation.
A191.1. Great age of the gods. Irish myth: Cross.
A154.1. Magic drink gives immortality to gods. A564. Remarkable longevity of culture heroes. D1345. Magic object gives longevity. D1857. Magic longevity. F172. No time, no birth, no death in otherworld. F251.5. Fairies as sprites who have been given immortality. F531.6.4. Age of giants. F571. Extremely old person. V229.2.12. Extraordinary longevity of saints.
A192. Death or departure of the gods.
A192.1. Death of the gods. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 340ff. (at the Doom); Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 110; Tahiti: Henry 231; Chinese: Werner 99, Eberhard FFC CXX 141; Africa: Bouveignes 12.
F259.1. Mortality of fairies.
A192.1.1. Old god slain by young god. Irish myth: Cross.
A525.2. Culture hero (god) slays his grandfather.
A192.1.2. God killed and eaten. Easter Is.: Métraux Ethnology 311.
A192.2. Departure of gods. Tonga: Gifford 102, Nukuhiva (Marquesas): Handy 123.
A560. Culture hero's (demi-god's) departure.
A192.2.1. Deity departs for heaven (skies). Polynesia: Moriori (Chatham Is.), Pora Pora (Society Is.), Samoa: Beckwith Myth 38, 43, *241ff., 254; So. Am. Indian (Apapocuvá-Guarani): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 122.
A192.2.1.1. Deity departs for moon. Polynesia: Hawaii, Beckwith Myth 220, *241; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G. 3/931).
A192.2.2. Divinity departs in boat over sea. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 29, *37.
A192.2.3. Divinity departs to submarine home. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 206.
A192.2.4. Divinity departs in column of flame. Pora Pora (Society Is.): Beckwith Myth 38.
A192.3. Expected return of deity. Banks Is. (Fiji): Beckwith Myth 316.
A192.4. Divinity becomes mortal. Tonga: Beckwith Myth 75.
A193. Resurrection of gods. Chinese: Werner 99.
A194. Divinity's emotions.
A194.1. Divinity weeps. Jewish: Neuman.
A194.2. God's vengeance. Jewish: Neuman.
A194.3. God's jealousy. Jewish: Neuman.
A194.4. God's joy. Jewish: Neuman.
A195. Divinity's companions.
A195.1. God dealing with his angels. Jewish: Neuman.
A195.2. Wisdom as God's companion. Jewish: Neuman.
A195.3. Bird as the shadow of a god. Tahiti: Henry 121.
A196. Deity's limitations.
A196.1. Fate controls gods. Greek: Fox 162; Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 74; Semitic: Langdon 102, 307.
A196.2. Decree of gods irrevocable. India: Thompson-Balys.
M10. Irrevocable judgments.
A196.2.1. Deity changes decision. Jewish: Neuman.
A197. Deity controls elements. Jewish: *Neuman; Greek: "Zeus the cloud gatherer"; Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 10, 15ff., 32ff., 68—96, et passim. — Tahiti: Henry 337.
D2140. Magic control of the elements.
A199. Gods — additional motifs.
A199.1. Spirit of deity animates earthen jar when it is placed beneath banyan tree. India: Thompson-Balys.
A199.2. God has magic vision only from his throne. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 22.
D1820. Magic sight.
A199.3. Deity's child becomes fire as soon as he is born. India: Thompson-Balys.
A199.4. Wind drives buffaloes for god. India: Thompson-Balys.
A199.5. God's day is one thousand years. Jewish: Neuman.
A199.6. Deity authenticates sacred writings in heaven. Jewish: Neuman.
A199.7. Drums and flutes off-shore announce approach of gods. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 16 n. 3.

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