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Prevuius group

Group No. 261


Z. Miscellaneous groups of motifs

Group No.

Z300 – Z399

Group name

Unique exceptions


Z300. Unique exceptions.
Z310. Unique vulnerability. Chinese: Graham.
Z311. Achilles heel. Invulnerability except in one spot. **DeCock Studien 153ff. – Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 97; Icelandic: *Boberg; Norse: De la Saussaye 144, Von Sydow Fåvne 27ff.; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 11; Greek: *Basset RTP XXV 124 n. 1, Frazer Apollodorus II 60 n. 2, 214 n. 1; Jewish: *Neuman; Hindu: Keith 125, Penzer I 127; Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 389; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 67; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 345 n. 246; Africa: Werner African 236, (Fang): Trilles 202.
Z311.1. Left eye only vulnerable spot. Irish myth: Cross.
Z311.2. Spot below right ear only vulnerable one. Irish myth: Cross.
Z311.3. Leprosy cured by holy water except on thumb. India: Thompson-Balys.
Z311.4. Man can be injured only in armpits. India: Thompson-Balys.
Z312. Unique deadly weapon. Only one thing will kill a certain man. *Dh II 211; *Wesselski Archiv Orientální II 430; Penzer VIII 109 n. 3; R. M. Meyer Archiv f. Religionsgeschichte (1907) 93ff. – Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 151, *Cross; Icelandic: De la Saussaye 154, 156, *Boberg; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 357 n. 287g; Africa (Cameroon): Ittman 77, (Swahili): Steere 441.
Z312.1. Person can be killed only by red-hot spits being thrust through soles of his feet. Irish myth: *Cross.
Z312.2. Giant ogre can be killed only with iron club he carries (with own sword). Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.
Z312.3. Unique source of weakness. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 204.
Z312.4. Unique bait for fish. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 216.
Z313. Vulnerability only by one person. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Hindu: Keith 153.
Z313.1. Only one person can overtake hero. Maori: Beckwith Myth 231.
Z314. Sword which will break in only one peril: this known only to the maker of the sword. Gaster FL II 57; Nutt Holy Grail 11.
Z315. Ogre vulnerable only when his face is turned away when he is struck. India: Thompson-Balys.
Z316. Only one way to besiege certain city. Jewish: Neuman.
Z320. Object will fit only one thing (or person). Irish myth: Cross.
Z321. Ring fits only one person. Irish myth: Cross.
Z322. Only one ferule fits certain staff. Irish myth: Cross.
Z323. Vessel from which nothing can be drunk save through certain tube. Irish myth: Cross.
Z350. Other unique exceptions.
Z351. Only one person refuses to weep at hero‘s death. Icelandic: Boberg.
Z352. All trees except aspen refuse to make Christ’s cross. Dh II 209; North Carolina: Brown Collection I 635.
Z355. All snakes but one placated by music. In snake den prisoner fails to placate one snake and loses his life. Hdwb. d. Märchens I 437a.
Z356. Unique survivor. Only one person left from destruction of his community. India: *Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 135, 443f., 449; Marquesas: Handy 77; Easter Island: Métraux Ethnology 71; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/203); Tahiti: Henry Ancient Tahiti (Honolulu, 1928) 246.

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