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Prevuius group

Group No. 26


A. Mythological Motifs

Group No.

A1900 – A1999

Group name

Creation of birds


Note: A1900 – A1999 is based on the following classification of birds.
A1910 – A1929. Passeriformes.
A1911. Lark. A1912. Thrush (nightingale, robin). A1913. Bluebird. A1914. Thrasher. A1915. Mocking-bird. A1916. Wren. A1917. Swallow. A1918. Titmouse. A1919. Crow (raven). A1921. Jay. A1922. Magpie. A1923. Tanager. A1924. Blackbird. A1925. Oriole. A1926. Finch. A1927. Sparrow. A1928. Starling (myna).
A1930 – A1939. Falconiformes.
A1931. Vulture. A1932. Turkey-buzzard. A1934. Falcon. A1935. Buzzard. A1936. Eagle. A1937. Hawk.A1938. Kite.
A1940 – A1949. Charidriiformes.
A1941. Plover. A1942. Snipe. A1943. Curlew. A1944. Sandpiper. A1945. Gull (tern). A1946. Quail.A1947. Pigeon. A1948. Dove.
A1950 – A1959. Coraciiformes.
A1951. Kingfisher. A1952. Hoopoe. A1953. Humming-bird. A1954. Whippoorwill. A1955. Nighthawk. A1956. Swift. A1957. Woodpecker (flicker). A1958. Owl.
A1960 – A1969. Ciconiiformes.
A1961. Cormorant. A1962. Pelican. A1963. Gannet. A1964. Heron. A1965. Bittern. A1966. Stork. A1967. Flamingo.
A1970 – A1999. Miscellaneous birds.
A1971. Ostrich. A1974. Penguin. A1975. Loon (diver). A1976. Grebe. A1977. Albatross. A1978. Fulmar. A1979. Petrel. A1981. Swan. A1982. Goose. A1983. Duck. A1985. Quail. A1986. Partridge. A1987. Grouse. A1988. Chicken. A1991. Coot. A1992. Crane. A1993. Cuckoo. A1994. Parrot (cuckatoo). A1995. Turkey. A1996. Peacock.
A1900. Creation of birds. Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 38 No. 46; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 123 No. 83, 127; Maori: Clark 15; S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 29, (Cashinawa): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 685.
A1901. Various birds from Pharaoh's drowned army. (Cf. A1715.1). – Finnish: Aarne FFC VIII 15 No. 82; Esthonian: Aarne FFC XXV 146 No. 48; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 38 No. 45.
A1903. God makes birds, devil reptiles. (Cf. A1751). – Finnish: Aarne FFC VIII 19 No. 105, XXXIII 54 No. 105; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 148 No. 58; Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 124 – 129.
A1904. The oldest bird. Irish Myth: Cross.
B841. Long-lived animals.
A1910. Creation of passeriformes.
A1911. Creation of lark. Dh I 164 (Cf. A1751). – Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3148; Legends Nos. 124ff., 258f.
A1912. Creation of thrush (nightingale).
A1912.1. Creation of thrush. Dh I 164 (Cf. A1751).
A1912.2. Creation of nightingale. Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 147 No. 52; Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 90 No. 78; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3150; Greek: Grote I 182 (Philomela).
A1912.3. Creation of robin. Naskapi: Speck JAFL XXVIII 74.
A1917. Creation of swallow. Dh III 414ff. (cf. A1710); ibid. I 164 (cf. A1751). – Greek: Grote I 182 (Procne); Finnish: Aarne FFC VIII 15 No. 83, 16 No. 85 (cf. A1751); Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 147 No. 50; Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 90 No. 79 (cf. A1710); Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 127; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 37 No. *243.
D511.1. Man calls wife "my swallow"; she becomes swallow.
A1918. Creation of titmouse. (Cf. A1710.) – Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 90 No. 80.
D151.6. Transformation: man to titmouse.
A1919. Creation of crow (raven). Dh I 164 (Cf. A1751). – India: Thompson-Balys.
A1921. Creation of jay. Dh I 164 (cf. A1751). – Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 54 No. 96** (cf. A1715.2), No. 95**.
A1922. Creation of magpie. Dh I 164 (cf. A1751). – Finnish: Aarne FFC VIII 16 No. 88.
A1924. Creation of blackbird. Irish myth: Cross.
A1904. The oldest bird.
A1926. Creation of finch. Dh I 164 (cf. A1751).
A1927. Creation of sparrow. Dh I 165 (cf. A1751). – Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 130; India: Thompson-Balys.
A1928. Creation of myna (bird). India: *Thompson-Balys.
A1930. Creation of falconiformes.
A1931. Creation of vulture. India: *Thompson-Balys.
A1937. Creation of hawk. Finnish: Aarne FFC VIII 17 No. 95 (cf. A1710); India: Thompson-Balys.
A1938. Creation of kite. India: Thompson-Balys.
A1940. Creation of charidriiformes. Finnish: Aarne FFC VIII 18 No. 101 (waterbird).
A1941. Creation of plover (known as seven whistlers). (Cf. A1715.1.) – England, U.S.: Baughman.
A1942. Origin of snipe.
A1942.1. Snipe from man admitted neither to heaven nor to hell. Finnish: Aarne FFC VIII 18 No. 99. Cf. Type 330A and 330B.
Q565. Man admitted to neither heaven nor hell.
A1944. Creation of sandpiper.
A1944.1. Creation of sandpiper: Pharaoh's cook calls drowned army to dinner. Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 53 No. 82**.
A1945. Creation of gull.
A1945.1. Gull from transformed cat. A cat catches a strong fish with her claws. The fish carries the cat on its back to the sea, where the gull originates from the cat. (Cf. A1710.) – Finnish: Aarne FFC VIII 18 No. 102.
A1945.2. Gull a transformed ravished maiden. While he is sleeping, the maiden the hero has stolen is ravished by another man. The hero thereupon turns her into a gull. (Cf. A1710.) – Finnish: Kalevala Rune 38.
A1946. Creation of quail. India: Thompson-Balys.
A1947. Creation of pigeon. India: Thompson-Balys.
A1947.1. Creation of sea pigeon. Eskimo (Ungava): Turner RBAE XI 263, (Labrador): Hawks GSCan XIV 161.
A1948. Creation of dove. Dh I 164 (cf. A1751). – S. Am. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 178.
A1950. Creation of coraciiformes.
A1951. Creation of the kingfisher. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.
A1952. Creation of hoopoe. Transformed shepherd. (Cf. A1710, A2261.1.) – *BP III 286 (Gr. No. 173); Dh III 394; Greek: Grote 182 (Tereus).
A1957. Creation of woodpecker.
A1957.1. Woodpecker from devil's herdsman transformed. The devil strikes his herdsman so that he turns into a bird who continually calls after his beloved cow. (Cf. A1710.) – Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 90 No. 80.
D153.1. Transformation: man to woodpecker.
A1958. Creation of owl. (Cf. A1710.) – Fb "ugle" III 964b. – Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 38 No. 47; India: Thompson-Balys.
E613.2. Reincarnation as owl.
A1958.0.1. The owl is a baker's daughter who objected to the size of the dough put into the oven for Jesus when he appeared in her house as a beggar. Type 751A (woodpecker). (Cf. A1710.) England, U.S.: Baughman.*
A1960. Creation of ciconiiformes.
A1965. Creation of bittern. Maori: Clark 101.
A1965.1. Bittern from Pilate transformed. (Cf. A1710.) – Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 148 No. 56.
A1965.2. Bittern from transformed shepherd. (Cf. A1710, A2261.1.) – *BP III 286 (Gr. No. 173); Dh III 394.
A1966. Creation of stork (Cf. A1715.) – Dh II 102; India: Thompson-Balys.
C841.1. Tabu: killing stork. Bird was once maiden.
A1970. Creation of miscellaneous birds.
A1975. Creation of diver (bird). Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 45 n. 2 (cf. A1710).
A1981. Origin of swan.
A1981.0.1. Origin of swans from two fowls fed in Urd's well. Icel.: Snorra Edda Gylf. XVI, Boberg.
A1983. Creation of duck. India: Thompson-Balys.
A1988. Creation of chicken. India: Thompson-Balys.
A1992. Creation of crane. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
D162. Transformation: man (woman) to crane.
A1993. Creation of cuckoo. Dh II 99, 101 (Cf. A1715.2.) – Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 90 No. 78; Flemish: DeMeyer FFC XXXVII 88 No. 94a; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3134ff., Legends Nos. 248 – 252; India: Thompson-Balys.
A1993.1. Cuckoo a transformed baker. *Fb "bager" IV 20b.
A1994. Creation of parrot. India: Thompson-Balys; S. Am. Indian (Yuracare): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 503, (Paressi): Métraux ibid. 359.
A1996. Creation of peacock. India: Thompson-Balys.
A1997. Creation of papiha. India: Thompson-Balys.

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