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Prevuius group

Group No. 259


Z. Miscellaneous groups of motifs

Group No.

Z100 – Z199

Group name



Z100. Symbolism. Jewish: *Neuman.
Z100.1. Names of giants (Fomorians) with sinister significance. Irish myth: Cross.
Z110. Personifications.
Z111. Death personified. Hartland Science 192, 199; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3491; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 47, 50 No. 332, Espinosa Jr. Nos. 86 – 90; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 611; Africa (Togo): Einstein 16f.
Z111.1. Death enclosed in a bottle. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “bouteille”; India: Thompson-Balys.
Z111.1.1. Death imprisoned by a soldier in a magic knapsack, bottle or nutshell. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 330C*; Estonian: Loorits Grundzüge I 531f.; Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
Z111.2. Death magically bound to tree. While he is bound no one can die. Wesselski Archiv Orientální I 301. Cf. Type 330; BP II 188.
Z111.2.1. Death stuck to tree. Mason JAFL XXXV 55.
Z111.2.2. Death (demons) glued to chair. Espinosa JAFL XXVII 119 – 29.
Z111.3. Death as eight-headed monster. Africa: Werner African 177.
Z111.3.1. Death allegorically personified as an animal made up of several different animals. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
Z111.4. Death excluded from sacred grove. Penzer VI 92 n. 2.
Z111.5. Death (fate) assumes various forms to destroy men. India: *Thompson-Balys.
Z111.6. Death‘s messengers. India: Thompson-Balys.
Z111.6.1. Death‘s messengers bribed with food. India: Thompson-Balys.
Z111.6.2. Salt in food given Death’s messengers renders them harmless. India: Thompson-Balys.
Z112. Sickness personified. *Fb “sygdom” III 699a; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 175 No. 117.
Z112.1. Fever personified. India: *Thompson-Balys.
Z113. Life personified: old woman carrying healing potions and salves. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Z114. Old age personified. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.
Z115. Wind personified. *Fb “vind” III 1059a; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3902; Estonian: Loorits Grundzüge I 521; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
Z115.1. Man takes case against wind for damages. Wanting to have nothing to do with a court, the wind generously makes good the damages, and punishes the judge guilty of bribery. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3901.
Z116. Sovereignty personified. Irish myth: *Cross.
Z116.1. Empire personified. India: Thompson-Balys.
Z117. Poetry personified. (Cf. A465.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.
Z118. Sea personified. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
Z118.1. Waves as tresses of sea-god‘s wife. Irish myth: *Cross.
Z118.2. Waves as sea-god’s horses. Irish myth: Cross.
Z118.3. River personified (Mother Ganges). India: Thompson-Balys.
Z121. Truth personified. Irish myth: Cross.
Z121.1. Truth leaves city because there is no place left for her. Wienert FFC LVI *81 (ET 471), 104 (ST 169); Halm Aesop No. 314.
Z122. Time personified. Italian: Basile Pentamerone IV No. 8; Jewish: Neuman.
Z122.1. “Time” overpowered when weight is taken from his clock. Italian: Basile Pentamerone IV No. 8.
Z122.2. Mother of Time personified. Italian: Basile Pentamerone IV No. 8.
Z122.3. Twelve months as youths seated about fire. *Roberts 122, 219; Italian: Basile Pentamerone V No. 2.
Z122.4. The four seasons personified. Roberts 122.
Z123. Fury personified. (Cf. A486.) Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman.
Z123.1. Fury personified as demon which enters man‘s heart and counsels evil. Irish myth: Cross.
Z124. Valor personified. Irish myth: Cross.
Z124.1. Valor personified as bird which flutters over champion’s head. Irish myth: Cross.
Z125. Virtue personified. Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
Z126. Energy (strength) personified. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
Z127. Sin personified. Jewish: Neuman; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 616.
Z127.1. Sin personified as the goddess Venus with her train of nymphs. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
Z127.2. Lust personified. India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 615.
Z128. Wisdom personified. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Wakweli): Bender 99f.
Z128.1. Intelligence personified. India: Thompson-Balys.
Z131. Falsehood personified. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman
Z132. War personified. (Cf. A485.1.) Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.
Z132.0.1. Battle carnage personified. Irish myth: Cross. (Z129.2.0.1.).
Z132.1. Victory personified. Irish myth: Cross.
Z132.2. Defeat personified. Irish myth: Cross.
Z133. Poverty personified.
Z133.1. Poverty personified as diseased beggar woman. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
Z134. Fortune personified. (Cf. N111.) India: *Thompson-Balys.
Z134.1. Fortune personified as a matron in fine clothing. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
Z135. Adversity personified. India: *Thompson-Balys.
Z136. Civilization personified. India: Thompson-Balys.
Z139. Personifications – miscellaneous. Jewish: *Neuman.
Z139.1. Sloth personified. Irish myth: Cross.
Z139.2. Crime personified. Irish myth: Cross.
Z139.3. Wine personified.
Z139.3.1. Wine personified in person of the god Bacchus. (Cf. A481.) Spanish Exempla: Keller.
Z139.4. Cold personified.
Z139.4.1. Cold depreciated and praised. Depreciated, takes revenge by becoming colder; praised, makes reward, gives clothing. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3904.
Z139.5. Worry personified. India: Thompson-Balys.
Z139.6. Modesty personified. India: Thompson-Balys.
Z139.7. Ladder as symbol of upward progress.
Z139.7.1. Ladder to heaven as symbol of saint. Irish myth: Cross.
Z139.8. Virginity, Wisdom, and Prophecy personified as three beautiful maidens. Irish myth: Cross.
Z140. Color symbolism. Hdwb. d. Märchens II 51a s.v. “Farben im Märchen”.
Z140.1. Color of flag (sails) on ship as message of good or bad news. *Fb “sort” III 467; *Frazer Apollodorus II 134 n. 2, *Frazer Pausanias II 161; *Schoepperle 437f.; India: Thompson-Balys.
Z140.2. Colors corresponding to the four world quarters. Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 347; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 317 n. 148.
Z140.2.1. Color symbolism of the cardinal points. Dixon JAFL XII 10 – 16.
Z140.3. Symbolism of colors in mass vestments. Irish myth: *Cross.
Z140.4. Bridegroom inadvertently buys for bride cloth suitable only for widows. She supposes he has died. India: Thompson-Balys.
Z141. Symbolic color: red. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: Neuman.
Z141.1. Red garment to show anger of king. *Chauvin V 47 No. 18 n. 1.
Z141.2. Red as symbolic of martyrdom. Irish myth: *Cross.
Z141.2.1. Martyrs called “red wheat”; saints, “Dei triticum” (God‘s wheat). Irish myth: *Cross.
Z141.2.2. Mill in which two men are slain said to grind “red wheat”. Irish myth: *Cross.
Z141.3. Red as symbol of falsity. Hdwb. d. Abergl. VII 802 – 3; Icelandic: *Boberg.
Z142. Symbolic color: white. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.
Z142.1. White rose the symbol of death. BP III 460.
Z142.2. White as symbolic of martyrdom. Irish myth: *Cross.
Z143. Symbolic color: black. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.
Z143.1. Black as symbol of grief. *Fb “sort” III 407a; *Dickson 94 n. 75.
Z144. Symbolic color: blue.
Z144.1. Blue as symbolic of martyrdom. Irish myth: Cross.
Z145. Symbolic color: green.
Z145.1. Green as symbolic of martyrdom. Irish myth: *Cross.
Z146. Symbolic color: brown.
Z146.1. Brown hair as sign child is descended from goddess. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 285.
Z147. Symbolic color: purple.
Z147.1. Purple is symbol of royalty. Society Islands: Henry Ancient Tahiti (Honolulu, 1928) 384.
Z148. Yellow a lucky color. India: Thompson-Balys.
Z150. Other symbols. Jewish: *Neuman.
Z151. Ring broken as token of broken engagement. *Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XX 69 n. 3.
Z153. Princess crushes lotus-flower to show that she will be submissive. India: Thompson-Balys.
Z155. Gray hair the symbol of departed usefulness. *Penzer I 121; *Bloomfield JAOS XXXVI 57.
Z156. Cloud (mist) as symbol of misfortune. Irish myth: Cross.
Z157. Olive branch symbol of peace. English: Malory XX 14.
Z161. Symbolism: not to fight alone. Various figures employed to show it is not good for one warrior alone to fight the battles of a host. Irish myth: Cross.
Z162. Arthur’s Round Table symbolic of round earth. English: Malory XIV 2.
Z174. Message or orders given symbolic action. India: Thompson-Balys.
Z174.1. Inverted shoes at doors to indicate banishment. India: Thompson-Balys.
Z174.1.1. Black dummy to indicate banishment. India: Thompson-Balys.
Z175. Sign language. Message delivered by means of the fingers, etc. *Penzer I 80 n. 1; *Chauvin V 145, VIII 126 No. 112; Benfey Germania IV 482ff.; Köhler-Bolte I 513; India: *Thompson-Balys.
Z175.1. Language of flowers. India: Thompson-Balys.
Z175.2. Lovers‘ assignation by symbolic messages. India: *Thompson-Balys.
Z176. Symbolism of the mass. Irish myth: Cross.
Z177. Lamb as symbol of Christ. Irish myth: Cross.
Z178. Allegorical game. Witch, aided by dragon (lion) is vanquished by maiden, aided by lamb (ram). Witch is devil; maiden, church of Christ. Irish myth: *Cross.
Z181. Nudity as sign of anger. Penzer Pentamerone I 12; Irish myth: Cross.
Z181.1. Nudity as sign of madness. India: Thompson-Balys.
Z182. Symbolic wounding of king. Irish myth: *Cross.
Z183. Symbolic names.
Z183.1. Three trees called “Grief,” “Dark,” and “Dumb-Mouthless Oak.” Irish myth: *Cross.
Z184. Symbols of divinity. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 43, 65; Marquesas: Handy 106.
Z185. Mill turned by the water of the grace of God as symbol of saint. Irish myth: Cross.
Z186. Symbolism: needle and thread – sexual intercourse. Chinese: Graham.

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