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Prevuius group

Group No. 229


V. Religion

Group No.

V200 – V299

Group name

Sacred persons


V200. Sacred persons.
V200.1. V200.1. Flame illuminates cradle of sacred person. (Cf. H41.4.) Saintyves Saints Successeurs 247 – 48.
V201. V201. God. *Encyc. Relic Ethics Index 223b.
V202. V202. Sacred spirits. Hawaii: *Beckwith Myth 104, 107, 108, 180, 382, 447, 512.
V205. V205. Royal family as sacred.
V205.1. V205.1. Third son of king possesses sacred power. Easter Island: Métraux Ethnology 130.
V210. V210. Religious founders. Jewish: *Neuman.
V211. V211. Christ. *DeVooys Middelnederlandse Legenden en Exempelen (Den Haag, 1926) 129ff.; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: *Neuman.
V211.0.1. V211.0.1. Christ born from crown of Virgin’s head. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.0.2. V211.0.2. Christ conceived on same day He was crucified. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.0.3. V211.0.3. Seventeen marvels at the birth of Christ. Irish myth: *Cross.
V211.0.4. V211.0.4. Christ as prophet. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.0.5. V211.0.5. Christ called “druid”. Irish myth: *Cross.
V211.1. V211.1. The Nativity of Christ. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.1.1. V211.1.1. Air fragrant at Nativity. (Cf. V222.4.) Irish myth: Cross.
V211.1.2. V211.1.2. Star shines through day of Nativity. (Cf. F961.2.) Irish myth: Cross.
V211.1.2.1. V211.1.2.1. Hairy star appears before Nativity. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.1.3. V211.1.3. Shining cloud marks place of Nativity. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.1.3.1. V211.1.3.1. Vast intolerable light on night of Christ‘s Nativity. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.1.4. V211.1.4. Virgin suffers no birth pangs at Christ’s Nativity. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.1.5. V211.1.5. Elements silent and motionless at Nativity. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.1.6. V211.1.6. A “crown of thorns” among gifts given by the shepherds to Joseph, husband of Virgin Mary. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.1.7. V211.1.7. Three (seven) druids come to adore infant Jesus. Irish myth: *Cross.
V211.1.8. V211.1.8. The Infant Jesus. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.1.8.1. V211.1.8.1. Christ in form of an infant nursed by saint. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.1.8.2. V211.1.8.2. Christ in form of an infant fondled by nuns. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.1.8.3. V211.1.8.3. Christ as infant in mother‘s arms causes bare hillside to become field of wheat as protection. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.2. V211.2. Christ on earth. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.2.1. V211.2.1. Fiery pillar as sign of Christ’s visit. (Cf. F964.0.1.) Irish myth: Cross.
V211.2.1.1. V211.2.1.1. Christ disguised as leper. Irish myth: *Cross.
V211.2.1.2. V211.2.1.2. Christ disguised as beggar. Irish myth: *Cross.
V211. V211. Jesus had “dark hair and a long red beard”. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.2.2. V211.2.2. Christ leaves bachall after visit. (Cf. D1277.) Irish myth: *Cross.
V211.2.3. V211.2.3. The Crucifixion. Irish myth: *Cross.
V211. V211. Angel warns of Christ‘s danger. Irish myth: Cross.
V211. V211. Smith’s wife made nails for the Cross because her husband believed Christ to be a true prophet. *Loomis White Magic 51f.
V211.2.3.1. V211.2.3.1. Earth trembles at Crucifixion. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.2.3.2. V211.2.3.2. Moon bloody at Crucifixion. (Cf. F961.3.) Irish myth: Cross.
V211.2.3.3. V211.2.3.3. Sun darkened at Crucifixion. (Cf. F965.2.) Irish myth: Cross.
V211.3. V211.3. Finding of the Cross. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.4. V211.4. Construction of the Cross.
V211.4.1. V211.4.1. Cross of Christ made of four kinds of wood. Irish myth: *Cross.
V211.5. V211.5. The five wounds of Christ. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.5.1. V211.5.1. Blood and wine issue from wound in side of crucified Savior. Irish myth: *Cross.
V211.6. V211.6. Dialogue between Christ and the Virgin Mary. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.7. V211.7. Christ‘s descent to hell. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.7.1. V211.7.1. The harrowing of hell. Irish myth: *Cross.
V211.7.2. V211.7.2. Dialogue (debate) between Christ and Satan (at the harrowing of hell). Irish myth: *Cross.
V211.7.3. V211.7.3. The three bolts left on hell by Christ. Irish myth: Cross.
V211.8. V211.8. Christ’s resurrection (on March 27). Irish myth: Cross.
V211.9. V211.9. Christ‘s ascent to Heaven (on May 5). Irish myth: Cross.
V211.10. V211.10. Letter (message) of Christ. Irish myth: *Cross. Cf. North Carolina: Brown Collection I 642.
V211.10.1. V211.10.1. Christ sends message to voyaging clerics. Irish myth: Cross.
V212. V212. Buddha.
V212.1. V212.1. Sacred books received from Buddha in person. Chinese: Werner 340.
V212.2. V212.2. Precepts heard from Buddha in person. India: Thompson-Balys.
V220. V220. Saints. **Toldo Studien zur vgl. Litgsch. I – IX passim; **Saintyves Saints Successeurs 23 – 26; *Encyc. Rel. Ethics Index 514a. – Norwegian: Solheim Register 22; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 140 – 42, 162, 210, 411. For references in addition to those given below, see volume VI s.v. “Saints”.
V221. V221. Miraculous healing by saints. Encyc. Rel. Ethics Index 246a; Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Icelandic: *Boberg.
V221.0.1. V221.0.1. Relics of saint cure disease. Alphabet Nos. 398, 432; *Loomis White Magic 104.
V221.0.1.1. V221.0.1.1. Oil flowing from relics has curative powers. *Loomis White Magic 104.
V221.0.1.2. V221.0.1.2. The wine (water) occasionally used to bathe relics assumes healing powers. *Loomis White Magic 104.
V221.0.1.3. V221.0.1.3. Shrine of saint carried around to suppress pestilence. *Loomis White Magic 105.
V221.0.2. V221.0.2. Saint miraculously healed. Irish myth: Cross.
V221.0.2.1. V221.0.2.1. Crippled saint miraculously receives horse and chariot. Irish myth: Cross.
V221.0.3. V221.0.3. Miraculous healing power of saint as child. *Loomis White Magic 25.
V221.1. V221.1. Saint cures palsy. Alphabet No. 731; Irish myth: *Cross.
V221.2. V221.2. Saint restores dumb man‘s speech. (Cf. D1507.) Alphabet No. 401; Icelandic: *Boberg.
V221.3. V221.3. Saint cures leprosy. Irish myth: *Cross.
V221.3.1. V221.3.1. Leper cured by the kiss of a saint. *Loomis White Magic 103.
V221.4. V221.4. Saint subdues madman. (Cf. D1508.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.
V221.4.0.1. V221.4.0.1. Saint cures frenzied animal. Irish myth: *Cross.
V221. V221. Saint’s blessing sufficient to control a mad dog. *Loomis White Magic 106.
V221.5. V221.5. Saint purifies monk with sign of the cross. (Cf. D1766.6.) Irish myth: Cross.
V221.6. V221.6. Saint sustains man on gallows. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V221.7. V221.7. Woman relieved of incurable malady by kissing letter from saint. (Cf. D1266.1.) *Loomis White Magic 105.
V221.8. V221.8. Wounds cured by saint leave no scars. *Loomis White Magic 106.
V221.9. V221.9. Cut off parts of body attached again by saint. *Loomis White Magic 84.
V221.10. V221.10. Men with enormous and unnatural appetite cured by saint. Irish myth: Cross.
V221.11. V221.11. Saint cures dumb person. Irish myth: *Cross.
V221.12. V221.12. Saint cures blindness. Irish myth: *Cross.
V222. V222. Miraculous manifestation acclaims saint. Alphabet Nos. 345, 354, 602, 637, 762; Irish: Beal XXI 305, 326, 335, O‘Suilleabhain 70f., 115; Spanish: Keller, Espinosa Jr. Nos. 45, 182; India: Thompson-Balys.
V222.0.1. V222.0.1. Birth of saint predicted by visions of miracles. Irish myth: *Cross.
V222.0.1.1. V222.0.1.1. Pillar of fire rises over woman pregnant with future saint. Irish myth: Cross.
V222.0.1.2. V222.0.1.2. Saint identified by pillar of fire above her head. Irish myth: *Cross.
V222.0.1.3. V222.0.1.3. Dazzling heavenly light by day and night marks place of saint‘s birth. Irish myth: *Cross.
V222.0.2. V222.0.2. Angels appear above place where saint is born. Irish myth: Cross.
V222.1. V222.1. Marvelous light accompanying saint. Alphabet No. 473; Plummer cxxxviii, clxxviii; Loomis White Magic 27f.; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.
V222.1.0.1. V222.1.0.1. Supernaturally bright light marks sleeping infant saint. Irish myth: Cross.
V222.1.0.2. V222.1.0.2. “Fair Drop” from. Heaven falls upon infant saint. Irish myth: Cross.
V222.1.1. V222.1.1. Radiance fills church when saint dies. Irish myth: *Cross.
V222.1.2. V222.1.2. Hand of saint made bright by Lord’s touch. Too splendid for man‘s sight thereafter. Irish myth: *Cross.
V222.1.3. V222.1.3. Column of light descends from heaven upon chosen man. Loomis White Magic 28.
V222.1.4. V222.1.4. Lights show where the body of saint is buried. Loomis White Magic 28.
V222.2. V222.2. Brake in which saint loses tooth bursts into flame. Irish myth: Cross.
V222.3. V222.3. Choral singing accompanies saint. Irish myth: Cross.
V222.4. V222.4. House of saint filled with fragrance. Irish myth: *Cross.
V222.4.1. V222.4.1. Aromatic smell of a saint’s body. *Loomis White Magic 54f.
V222.5. V222.5. Oil bursts from ground as saint is made bishop. Irish myth: Cross.
V222.6. V222.6. Bell sounds at approach of saint. Irish myth: Cross; England: Baughman; India: Thompson-Balys.
V222.6.1. V222.6.1. Church bells ring without aid of human hands at death of holy person. *Loomis White Magic 52.
V222.7. V222.7. Dead holy man stretches hand from tomb to honor saint. Irish myth: *Cross.
V222.8. V222.8. Holy man passes through fire for his faith. Only his clothing burns. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V222.9. V222.9. Earthquake accompanies entrance of holy man into palace of heathen emperor. Irish myth: Cross.
V222.10. V222.10. Saint falling into an abyss found perched in the branches of a tree which projected from the cliff. As soon as the man is drawn up, the tree vanishes. *Loomis White Magic 127.
V222.11. V222.11. Flowers fall from saint‘s mouth while he speaks. (Cf. D1454.2.1.) *Loomis White Magic 95.
V222.12. V222.12. Holy man restores a garden to bloom. India: *Thompson-Balys.
V222.13. V222.13. Sun sends shaft of heat to cook meat given persecuted saint. India: Thompson-Balys.
V222.14. V222.14. Roses lose thorns when saint walks on them. England: Baughman.
V222.15. V222.15. Saint changes maggots in the sores of a nun into precious stones. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V222.16. V222.16. Robbers who enter saint’s garden to steal are caused to spade it up for him. This proves him to be saint. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V223. V223. Saints have miraculous knowledge. Alphabet No. 482; *Loomis White Magic 72f.; Irish myth: *Cross; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 307 No. 25.
V223.1. V223.1. Saint gives advice. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 119f.
V223.2. V223.2. Saint warns against poisoned well. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 114 No. 99.
V223.3. V223.3. Saint can perceive the thoughts of another man and reveal hidden sins. Irish myth: *Cross.
V223.4. V223.4. Saint helps with learning.
V223.4.1. V223.4.1. Truant boy learns long lesson while asleep with head in saint‘s lap. Irish myth: *Cross.
V223.5. V223.5. Saints blessed with ability to discourse in the native idioms of the people whom they visit. *Loomis White Magic 72.
V223.5.1. V223.5.1. Saint understands language of wren, fly, cat. Irish myth: Cross.
V223.6. V223.6. Saint as prognosticator. India: Thompson-Balys.
V223.6.1. V223.6.1. Saint can foretell the weather. Irish myth: Cross.
V224. V224. Miraculous replacement of objects (animals) for saint. Irish myth: Cross.
V224.1. V224.1. Objects used as firewood for saint miraculously replaced. Irish myth: *Cross.
V224.2. V224.2. Food (animals) eaten by saint miraculously replaced. Loomis White Magic 70; Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
V224.3. V224.3. Animals stolen from saint miraculously replaced. Irish myth: *Cross.
V224.4. V224.4. Performing fox accidentally killed miraculously replaced for saint. Irish myth: Cross.
V224.5. V224.5. Supply of lime for building church miraculously renewed for saint. Irish myth: Cross.
V225. V225. Saints in several places at once. *Toldo V 343; *Loomis White Magic 131.
V226. V226. Saints as hermits. *Toldo II 99; Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.
V227. V227. Saints have divine visitors. *Toldo IV 49ff.; Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
V227.1. V227.1. God gives staff of Jesus to saint. Irish myth: *Cross.
V228. V228. Immunities of saints (holy men). (Cf. D1840.)
V228.1. V228.1. Saint immune to poisoning. India: Thompson-Balys.
V228.1.1. V228.1.1. Saint drinks poison without being injured. Irish myth: *Cross.
V228.2. V228.2. Anchorite immune to magician’s powers. India: Thompson-Balys.
V229. V229. Saints – miscellaneous. Irish myth: Cross.
V229.1. V229.1. Saint commands return from dead with supernatural information. Irish myth: Cross.
V229.2. V229.2. Sanctity of saints. Irish myth: Cross.
V229.2.1. V229.2.1. Saintly babe repeatedly found with arms extended in form of cross. Irish myth: Cross.
V229.2.2. V229.2.2. Saintly babe disgorges unclean food. Irish myth: *Cross.
V229.2.3. V229.2.3. Saint will drink only milk of cow milked by faithful woman. Irish myth: Cross.
V229.2.3.1. V229.2.3.1. Saint as baby refuses to take mother’s breast on Wednesdays and Fridays. *Loomis White Magic 114.
V229.2.4. V229.2.4. Baptism of a wonder child is accompanied by a variety of phenomena. *Loomis White Magic 23.
V229.2.5. V229.2.5. Place of saint‘s martyrdom perpetually green. *Loomis White Magic 95.
V229.2.6. V229.2.6. Martyrs emit milk instead of blood from their wounds. *Loomis White Magic 79.
V229.2.6.1. V229.2.6.1. Saint sheds tears of blood. Irish myth: Cross.
V229.2.7. V229.2.7. Flowers grow on graves from the mouths or hearts of holy persons. (Cf. E631.1.) *Loomis White Magic 95.
V229.2.8. V229.2.8. Saint’s body remains unspoiled in the earth for a long time. *Loomis White Magic 43f.
V229.2.9. V229.2.9. Tombs of saints distill oil. *Loomis White Magic 43.
V229.2.10. V229.2.10. Stones answer “Amen” after saint‘s preaching. *Loomis White Magic 126.
V229.2.11. V229.2.11. Miracle saves saint from unjust censure. Irish myth: Cross.
V229.2.11.1. V229.2.11.1. Saint causes gluttonous reptile to leap from saint’s body into bishop‘s throat and then return as proof of bishop’s injustice. Irish myth: Cross.
V229.2.12. V229.2.12. Extraordinary longevity of saints. Irish myth: *Cross.
V229.2.12.1. V229.2.12.1. Seven Irish saints who never died. Irish myth: *Cross.
V229.2.12.2. V229.2.12.2. Saint lives for 300 (100?) years without eating food or uttering evil. Irish myth: *Cross.
V229.2.13. V229.2.13. Saint promises to return from heaven. Irish myth: Cross.
V229.3. V229.3. Saint banishes snakes. Irish myth: *Cross.
V229.4. V229.4. Saint overcomes (destroys) monsters (dragons). Irish myth: *Cross.
V229.5. V229.5. Saint banishes demons. Irish myth. *Cross.
V229.5.1. V229.5.1. Saint confines monster (dragon) in lake. Irish myth: *Cross.
V229.6. V229.6. Saint in conflict with druid. Irish myth: *Cross.
V229.6.1. V229.6.1. Saint limits powers of satirist (druid). Irish myth: Cross.
V229.6.2. V229.6.2. Ale poisoned by druid miraculously purified by saint. Irish myth: Cross.
V229.6.3. V229.6.3. Druid raised in air, cast down, and brains scattered on stone by power of saint. Irish myth: Cross.
V229.6.4. V229.6.4. Druid by spells seeks to drive saint from island. Irish myth: Cross.
V229.7. V229.7. Invaders miraculously defeated by saints. Irish myth: Cross.
V229.7.1. V229.7.1. Saint drives away an army by bringing upon it a dense and smoky cloud. (Cf. D2163.4.) *Loomis White Magic 123; Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
V229.8. V229.8. Saints create magic concealing mist. (Cf. D1361.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.
V229.9. V229.9. Unusual fuel used by saints: burning stone, snow and icicles, marble pillar, and green timber. *Loomis White Magic 34f.
V229.10. V229.10. Broken objects restored to their original forms by saint. *Loomis White Magic 82f., 85.
V229.10.1. V229.10.1. Burned clothes restored to their previous form. *Loomis White Magic 128.
V229.10.2. V229.10.2. Holy man restores cut-off hands and feet. India: Thompson-Balys.
V229.10.3. V229.10.3. Saint causes grey hair to grow in black. India: Thompson-Balys.
V229.11. V229.11. Saint with tongue of fire (literally). *Loomis White Magic 34.
V229.12. V229.12. Sinful beauty is converted and spends the end of her life doing penance (Mary Magdalene, Mary of Egypt, and Thais). *Loomis White Magic 109f.
V229.13. V229.13. Ground elevates itself to give protection or comfort to saint. *Loomis White Magic 45.
V229.14. V229.14. Saint in anger shows strength: wall broken by his kick. (Cf. F610.) *Loomis White Magic 131.
V229.15. V229.15. Saint disguised as poor man saves almsgiving king from punishment in hell. Irish myth: Cross.
V229.16. V229.16. Lake of milk made through merit of saint. Irish myth: Cross.
V229.17. V229.17. Saint‘s blessing causes a river to be best place for fishing. Irish myth: Cross.
V229.18. V229.18. Dispute between two saints settled by angel. Irish myth: Cross.
V229.19. V229.19. Objects mourn death of saint (holy man). India: Thompson-Balys.
V229.20. V229.20. Downfall of ascetic (saint). Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 185 No. 126.
V229.20.1. V229.20.1. After birth of son holy person loses miraculous power. India: Thompson-Balys.
V229.21. V229.21. House and family appear overnight to afford hospitality to benighted priests. (Cf. Q45.1.) U.S.: Baughman.
V229.22. V229.22. Severed head of saint speaks so that searchers can find it. (Cf. D1610.5.) England: Baughman.
V229.23. V229.23. Stone turns red when saint’s picture is removed. England: Baughman.
V229.24. V229.24. Saint turns snakes to stones. (Cf. D420.) England: Baughman.
V229.25. V229.25. Conversation of animals reveals to man how to become saint. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 42.
V230. V230. Angels. *Encyc. Rel. Ethics Index 26b; Irish: *Cross, O‘Suilleabhain 107, Beal XXI 334; German: Grimm No. 3. For an extensive analysis of angels in Jewish tradition see *Neuman.
V230.1. V230.1. Man beholds angels. Irish myth: *Cross.
V230.2. V230.2. Angels powerful. Irish myth: Cross.
V230.3. V230.3. Angel and mortal struggle. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V231. V231. Appearance of angel. Spanish Exempla: Keller; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman.
V231.1. V231.1. Angel in bird shape. *Fb “fugl” I 380b; Irish myth: *Cross.
V231.2. V231.2. Shooting star as angel. BP III 234.
V231.3. V231.3. Angel with four wings. Irish myth: Cross.
V231.4. V231.4. Angel is form of cleric. Irish myth: Cross.
V231.5. V231.5. Angel appears to woman to warn her not to force girl into marriage. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V231.6. V231.6. Angel in the form of an old man. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
V232. V232. Angel as helper. Spanish: Keller, Espinosa Jr. No. 188; Jewish: *Neuman.
V232.1. V232.1. Angel as helper in battle. English: Wells 76 (Joseph of Aramathie); Italian Novella: Rotunda.
V232.1.1. V232.1.1. Angels appear and help boy prince slay treacherous uncle. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V232.2. V232.2. Angel carries mortal. Irish myth: *Cross.
V232.2.0.1. V232.2.0.1. Angel carries boat to water. Irish myth: Cross.
V232.2.0.2. V232.2.0.2. Angel transports saint’s staff. Irish myth: Cross.
V232.3. V232.3. Angels supply food to mortal. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.
V232.3.1. V232.3.1. Angel shows saint where to dig for water. Irish myth: *Cross.
V232.4. V232.4. Angel looses man‘s fetters. (Cf. R121.) Irish myth: Cross.
V232.5. V232.5. Angel as guide. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.
V232.5.1. V232.5.1. Angel guides chariot. Irish myth: *Cross.
V232.6. V232.6. Angel reveals location of lost (buried) object. Irish myth: *Cross.
V232.7. V232.7. Gifts from angels. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.
V232.7.1. V232.7.1. Angel brings cross as gift to saint. Irish myth: Cross.
V232.8. V232.8. Angel helps Peter to escape from prison. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V232.9. V232.9. Angel cleans hearth. Irish myth: Cross.
V232.10. V232.10. Angels build church. Irish myth: *Cross.
V233. V233. Angel of death. *Chauvin VI 184 No. 349; *Fb “engel” I 250; Jewish: *Neuman, bin Gorion Born Judas I 313f., 149f., 371ff., 380.
V233.1. V233.1. Angel of death spares mother who is suckling children. As punishment angel must serve as sexton. Type 795*; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 795*; Russian: Andrejev No. 795A*; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV No. 795*.
V234. V234. Songs of the angels. *Chauvin VI 106 No. 270; *Loomis White Magic 53; Irish myth: *Cross.
V234.1. V234.1. Angels sing in honor of saint. Irish myth: *Cross.
V234.1.1. V234.1.1. Angels sing to welcome saint. Irish myth: Cross.
V234.1.2. V234.1.2. Angels sing over saint’s body. Irish myth: *Cross.
V234.1.3. V234.1.3. Angel choir responds when saint receives orders. Irish myth: *Cross.
V234.2. V234.2. Angels sing on night of Christ‘s Nativity. Irish myth: *Cross.
V235. V235. Mortal visited by angel. Irish: Plummer clxxxii, *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 301 No. 16; Spanish: Keller Espinosa Jr. No. 186; Jewish: *Neuman.
V235.0.1. V235.0.1. Mortals visited by angel in vision. (Cf. V510.) Irish myth: *Cross.
V235.0.2. V235.0.2. Angel invoked by fasting. Irish myth: *Cross.
V235.1. V235.1. Angel announces birth of Christ to shepherds. Irish myth: Cross.
V235.2. V235.2. Angel comforts repentant sinner. Irish myth: Cross.
V235.3. V235.3. Angel bars abbot from his cell because abbot has cast out a sinning monk. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V236. V236. Fallen angels. Jewish: Neuman.
V236.1. V236.1. Fallen angels become fairies (dwarfs, trolls). *Fb “engel” I 250; Irish: O’Suilleabhain 59, 61, Beal XXI 323f.
V237. V237. Angel bars the way to Baalam‘s ass. Numbers 22: 27; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
V238. V238. Guardian angel. (Cf. F403.2.2.2, V232, 246.) Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.
V238.1. V238.1. Angels hover over mortal (saint). Irish myth: *Cross.
V238.2. V238.2. Angels melt snow around saintly babe. Irish myth: Cross.
V238.3. V238.3. Service of angels marks saint’s destination. Irish myth: Cross.
V238.4. V238.4. Air above grave of converted druid full of angels. Irish myth: *Cross.
V241. V241. Angels honor mortal. (Cf. V234.1.) Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.
V241.1. V241.1. Angels attend saint‘s funeral. Irish myth: Cross.
V241.1.1. V241.1.1. Angel directs saint’s burial. Irish myth: *Cross.
V241.2. V241.2. Angels hold service over (saint‘s) tomb. (Cf. V242.) Irish myth: *Cross.
V241.2.1. V241.2.1. Angels shed light upon saint’s tomb. Irish myth: Cross.
V241.3. V241.3. Angels run races before saint. Irish myth: Cross.
V241.4. V241.4. Angel baptizes saint. Irish myth: Cross.
V241.4.1. V241.4.1. Angel names child. Irish myth: *Cross.
V241.5. V241.5. Angels set heavenly veil upon head of pious woman. Irish myth: Cross.
V242. V242. Holy place (object) glorified by angel‘s presence. (Cf. V421.2.)
V242.1. V242.1. Train of angels rises from graveyard. Irish myth: Cross.
V242.2. V242.2. Angel abides in church. Irish myth: Cross.
V242.2.1. V242.2.1. Angels attend church service. Irish myth: *Cross.
V242.3. V242.3. Angel passes daily over blessed stone. Irish myth: Cross.
V243. V243. Angel answers mortal’s prayer. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.
V243.1. V243.1. Angels appear above grave of fallen girl through virtue of prayers said by her lover (young monk). Irish myth: Cross.
V244. V244. Angel beseeches at unholy grave of redeemed sinner until body is moved to sanctified ground. Irish myth. Cross.
V245. V245. Angel punishes mortal. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.
V245.1. V245.1. Angel scourges mortal for disobedience to God. (Cf. Q220, Q325, Q458.) Irish myth: Cross.
V246. V246. Angel counsels mortal. (Cf. V232, V238.) Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.
V246.0.1. V246.0.1. Angel leaves letter (book) with instructions for saint. Irish myth: *Cross.
V246.0.2. V246.0.2. Angel dictates (gives) book. Irish myth: *Cross.
V246.1. V246.1. Angel tells saint where to build his church. Irish myth: *Cross.
V246.2. V246.2. Angel as saint‘s teacher. Irish myth: *Cross.
V246.3. V246.3. Angel informs saint of coming of guests. Irish myth: Cross.
V247. V247. Daily life of angels. Jewish: *Neuman.
V248. V248. Angels and God. Jewish: *Neuman.
V249. V249. Angels – miscellaneous motifs. Irish myth: Cross.
V249.1. V249.1. Angel makes proclamation. Irish myth: Cross.
V249.2. V249.2. Language of angels.
V249.2.1. V249.2.1. Hebrew the language of the angels. Irish myth: Cross.
V250. V250. The Virgin Mary. **Crane Liber de Miraculis; *DeVooys Middelnederlandse Legenden en Exempelen 57; Genthe Die Jungfrau Maria: ihre Evangelien und ihre Wunder (Halle, 1852); *Encyc. Rel. Ethics Index 366c. – Irish: *Cross, O’Suilleabhain 59, 78, Beal XXI 307, 314, 323, 327; Spanish: Keller, Espinosa Jr. Nos. 202 – 04. For references in addition to those given below, see volume VI s.v. “Virgin Mary”.
V250.1. V250.1. Irish saint as “Mary of the Gael”. Irish myth: *Cross.
V250.2. V250.2. Virgin Mary has golden hair. Irish myth: Cross
V251. V251. Virgin Mary prevents (retards) death so as to save sinner’s soul. Permits time for repentance and absolution. (Sometimes resuscitation.) Alphabet No. 464; Ward II 606 No. 14, 633 No. 31, 650 No. 1; *Crane Miraculis Nos. 6, 7, 10, 31, 39; Wells 169 (De Miraculo Beate Marie); Scala Celi 123a, 125b Nos. 674, 681. – Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V251.1. V251.1. Virgin Mary brings man back to life after he has seen hell‘s torments. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V252. V252. Virgin Mary defends innocent accused. Alphabet No. 381; Wesselski Mönchslatein 78 No. 68; *Crane Miraculis No. 34; Icelandic: Boberg.
V252.1. V252.1. Virgin Mary returns borrowed money and reveals cheat. A man borrows money from a Jew with the Virgin as security. Unable to return the money in time, he commits the money to the sea with a prayer to the Virgin. The Jew receives it but claims that the money is not paid. The Virgin reveals the cheat. Ward II 638 No. 10; *Crane Miraculis No. 33; Wells 167 (Vernon Miracles).
V252.2. V252.2. Virgin Mary saves criminal from fire at stake. *Ward II 663 No. 12; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V253. V253. Faithfulness to Virgin Mary, even if not to Christ, rewarded. Alphabet No. 555; Wesselski Mönchslatein 128 No. 113.
V254. V254. Efficacy of saying “Aves”. Irish: Beal XXI 335, O’Suilleabhain 114, 117.
V254.1. V254.1. Saying of “Aves” obliterates sin. *Crane Miraculis No. 12; Ward II 605ff. Nos. 10, 18, 20; Herbert III 26; *Crane Vitry 263 No. 296.
V254.1.1. V254.1.1. Virgin Mary supports robber on gallows because he once said “Ave Maria”. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V254.2. V254.2. Ship in storm saved because of sailors‘ “Ave Maria”. (Cf. D2141.1.) *Crane Miraculis No. 28; Ward II 626 No. 9, 640 Nos. 12, 14, 15, *677 No. 12.
V254.3. V254.3. “Ave” on the tongue. Because of faithfulness in saying “Aves” the words are found imprinted on the dead man’s tongue. (Cf. V86.2.) Ward II 612 No. 29, 677 No. 1, cf. 632 No. 30.
V254.3.1. V254.3.1. Blasphemer paralyzed in all members except tongue which had once said “Ave Maria”. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V254.4. V254.4. Devil exorcised by “Ave”. Ward II 686 Nos. 74, 75, 77.
V254.5. V254.5. Nun forgets to hail Mary and goes into the world to sin. Alphabet No. 470.
V254.6. V254.6. Joseph and Mary threaten to leave heaven when the man who has always prayed to them is refused admittance. *Type 805*.
V254.7. V254.7. Murdered boy still sings “Ave” after his death. (Chaucer‘s Prioress’s Tale.) **Brown PMLA XXI 486ff.; Ward II 656, 697 and passim; Herbert III 528; Wells Catalogue of Romances 166 (Vernon Miracles).
V254.7.1. V254.7.1. Criminal who said “Ave” beheaded. His head calls repeatedly, “Ave Maria”. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V254.8. V254.8. Virgin Mary will not let devil (authorities) take robber noble who daily says “Ave”. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V254.9. V254.9. Virgin forbids devil to take robber as long as he continues to say two “Aves” daily. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
V255. V255. Virgin Mary has dissolute monk buried in consecrated ground: his only mass is that of the Virgin. *Crane Miraculis Nos. 3, 9; Ward II 607 No. 15, 660 No. 29; Scala Celi 116a, 116b Nos. 644, 645; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V255.1. V255.1. Devotee of Virgin not buried in consecrated ground has lily issue from mouth so that his grave is made known. Spanish Exempla: Keller; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
V255.2. V255.2. Virgin gives private mass to devout lady unable to attend. Spanish Exempla: Keller
V256. V256. Miraculous healing by Virgin Mary. (Cf. D2161.) Irish myth: Cross.
V256.1. V256.1. Healing spittle of Virgin Mary. (Cf. D1500.1.7.2.) Irish myth: Cross.
V256.2. V256.2. Miracles of healing performed before image of Virgin Mary. Irish myth: Cross.
V256.3. V256.3. Virgin Mary restores severed hand to Saint John Damascene. He had cut it off to repress lust. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V256.4. V256.4. Virgin Mary saves life of man who at devil‘s instigation has castrated himself. She will not, however, restore his severed members. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V256.5. V256.5. Virgin Mary restores life to drowned man who always had saluted her. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V261. V261. Virgin Mary designates favorite for election for office. *Crane Miraculis No. 13; Ward II 608 No. 19.
V261.1. V261.1. Virgin restores office to an ignorant man because of his faith. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V261.2. V261.2. Virgin pardons man who repented for cheating in election. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V262. V262. Virgin Mary supplies mead for unprepared hostess of the king. Ward II 614 No. 35.
V263. V263. Portrait of the Virgin appears to devotee. *Ward II 611 Nos. 26, 27; *Crane Miraculis Nos. 21, 44.
V264. V264. Virgin Mary rescues man attacked by the devil. *Crane Miraculis No. 23; Ward II 612 No. 30; Spanish Exempla: Keller; West Indies: Flowers 580.
V264.1. V264.1. Virgin Mary brings man a pact he signed with the devil and frees the man from devil’s power. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V265. V265. Virgin miraculously prevents nun (monk) from deserting cloister. Ward II 634 No. 34, 636 Nos. 7, 41, 667 No. 13, 721 No. 17; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V265.1. V265.1. Image of Virgin tries in vain to keep nun from leaving convent. Crane Vitry 160 No. 60; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V266. V266. Virgin Mary converts a Jew. (Cf. V330.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
V267. V267. Devotee of Virgin is comforted in the hour of death. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
V268. V268. Miracles performed under protection of Virgin Mary. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
V268.1. V268.1. Boy under protection of Virgin Mary pulled from well alive after a week. Irish myth: Cross.
V268.2. V268.2. Virgin Mary saves devotee from death in waves. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V268.3. V268.3. Virgin Mary destroys Moorish army besieging Constantinople. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V268.4. V268.4. Virgin Mary saves devotee‘s son from shipwreck. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V268.5. V268.5. Image of Virgin Mary works miracles. Irish myth: Cross.
V271. V271. Virgin Mary as foster mother. Type 710; *BP I 13ff.
V275. V275. Virgin Mary comforts repentant criminals. Ward II 603 No. 6, 606 No. 12, 610 No. 25, 618 No. 39, 648 No. 44; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V276. V276. Virgin Mary appears to erring man.
V276.1. V276.1. Virgin Mary appears to erring monk and exalts him to prayer. His prayers weave her a garment. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V276.2. V276.2. Virgin Mary appears and pardons monk who has been too overworked to pray to her. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V276.3. V276.3. Virgin Mary aids repentant slayer of priest. Priest is resurrected in order to forgive murderer and then is returned to tomb. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
V277. V277. Virgin Mary appears to devotee.
V277.1. V277.1. Virgin Mary appears to devout nun with infant Jesus. The nun devoutly prayed to see Him. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
V281. V281. Devotee of Virgin Mary given present by her. Ward II 660 No. 28.
V282. V282. Stella Maris: Virgin Mary as protectress of sailors. Canney Revue de l’Histoire des Religions CXV (1937) 90ff.; Krappe Review of Religion (1948) 376ff.
V283. V283. Testament of Virgin Mary. Irish myth: *Cross.
V284. V284. During a flood the Virgin descends into the streets to save her image from the flood waters. U.S.: Baughman.
V290. V290. Other sacred persons. Irish myth: Cross.
V291. V291. Master poets (ollamhs) as sacred persons. Irish myth: *Cross.
V292. V292. The Apostles of Christ.
V292.1. V292.1. Appearance of the Apostles. Irish myth: Cross.
V292.2. V292.2. The Twelve Apostles of Ireland. Irish myth: *Cross.
V293. V293. Lepers as sacred persons. Irish myth: Cross.
V294. V294. The Pope. Irish myth: Cross.

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