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Prevuius group

Group No. 225


Letter

U. The nature of life

Group No.

U0 – U99

Group name

Life's inequalities

Description

U0. Life's inequalities.
 
U10. Justice and injustice.
 
U11. Small trespasses punished; large crimes condoned.
 
U11.1. Ass punished for stealing mouthful of grass; lion and wolf forgiven for eating sheep. Wesselski Mönchslatein 71 No. 61.
 
U11.1.1. Animals confess sins to one another: fox and wolf forgive each other; punish ass. (Cf. V20.) *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 350.
 
U11.1.1.1. Animals confess sins to lion holding court. All the powerful animals forgiven. Ass and lamb are punished. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
U11.1.1.2. Penitent in confession worries about little sins and belittles the big ones. *Wesselski Arlotto I 191 No. 17; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
U11.2. He who steals much called king; he who steals little called robber. *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 351; Scala Celi 20a No. 120; Alphabet No. 334; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
U11.2.1. Wolf punished for theft; kings honored. Wesselski Bebel II 126 No. 82.
 
U12. Largest burdens laid on smallest asses: best offices to most ignorant men. *Wesselski Bebel II 121 No. 64.
 
U14. Unworthy rewarded instead of the worthy. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
 
U15. Fool laughs at the absurdities he sees about him. (1) Sees a man who is to die that day buy shoes. (2) Sees sheriff leading a man to the gallows: a big thief leading a little one. (3) Sees farmer weeping at funeral of his child, while priest (the real father) sings. Wesselski Mönchslatein 193 No. 153.
 
U15.0.1. Dwarf king (fairy) laughs at the absurdities he sees about him. (1) Sees man who is to die that day complain that his shoes are too thin. (Cf. J2174.) (2) Sees women adorn their heads when they are immoral below. (Cf. J2050.) (3) Sees man remove from his wife's garment dust gathered while she lay with another man. (Cf. J2301.3.) (4) Sees persons making plans while forgetting to say, If God wills. Irish myth: *Cross.
 
U15.1. Philosopher laughs at the vanities and sins of the world. His companion weeps. Spanish: Childers.
 
U18. The fathers have eaten sour grapes and the children's teeth are set on edge. Jewish: Neuman.
 
U21. Justice depends on the point of view.
 
U21.1. Hen complains that man eats her, but she eats ant. Indonesia: DeVries's list No. 101.
 
U21.2. A gift of property silences criticism. A priest who has preached against lucrative places given the clergy is silent when he receives one. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 546.
 
U21.3. Man complains of injustice of gods' wrecking ship because of one man's sin. He then kills whole swarm of ants because one has stung him. Wienert FFC LVI 77 (ET 429), 103 (ST 161); Halm No. 118; Irish: O'Suilleabhain 11, Beal XXI 305.
 
U21.4. Wolf objects to lion stealing sheep from him although he has himself stolen it. Wienert FFC LVI 55 (ET 148), 129 (ST 366); Halm No. 279.
 
U21.5. Judge reduces penalty when accused is his own son. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
U25. Theft to avoid starvation forgiven. *Chauvin II 126 No. 128.
 
U27. Swallow killed in court house by snake laments injustice in house of justice. Wienert FFC LVI 50 (ET 100), 140 (ST 464); Halm No. 418.
 
U30. Rights of the strong. Wienert FFC LVI 147.
 
U31. Wolf unjustly accuses lamb and eats him. When all the lamb's defenses are good the wolf asserts the right of the strong over the weak. (Usually accused of stirring up water from lower in stream.) (Cf. U141.) Wienert FFC LVI 50 (ET 97), 148 (ST 526); Halm Aesop No. 274; *Crane Vitry 191 No. 135; Herbert III 12; Alphabet No. 631; Jacobs Aesop 199 No. 2; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Indonesia: DeVries's list No. 83 (monkey and goat).
 
U31.1. Cat unjustly accuses cock and eats him. Although all the cock's defenses are good the cat tells him that she can no longer go hungry and eats him. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
U31.2. Crow exercises rights of strong over dove who cannot defend self. Dove at crow's request sings to save her brood which crow kills after song. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
U32. Smallness of offense no excuse when hunter prepares to kill lark. She has stolen but a single grain of wheat. Wienert FFC LVI 64 (ET 273), 146 (ST 513); Halm Aesop No. 209.
 
U33. Cock killed by his captors in spite of his plea of usefulness to man. Wienert FFC LVI 49, 64 (ET 88, 280, 281), 146, 148 (ST 514, 527, 528); Halm Aesop Nos. 14, 195, 341.
 
U34. Nobleman murders one of the people. Goes unpunished. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
U34.1. Nobleman who kills one of the people is brought to justice only after long delay. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
U35. Rich man (king) seizes poor widow's (nun's) cow. Herbert III 40ff. No. 39; Hervieux IV No. 40; Irish myth: *Cross.
 
U35.1. King seizes old woman's cow. Irish myth: *Cross.
 
U35.1.1. King seizes poor man's lamb. Jewish: Neuman.
 
U35.2. Nobles ruin peasant's (widow's) crops with impunity. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
U36. Lion cub killed by bull gives lioness no right to complain. Wienert FFC LVI 50 (ET 92), 129 (ST 367); Halm Aesop No. 395.
 
U37. Wolf as commander orders all booty divided, but keeps his own. Wienert FFC LVI 47 (ET 58), 103 (ST 157); Halm Aesop No. 281.
 
U38. Ruler exiles subject for trivial remark. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
U41. Ruler forces bishop to ordain ignorant priest. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
U42. Praise what your master likes and scorn what he dislikes. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
U60. Wealth and poverty.
 
U61. Dividing after God's fashion: little to poor, much to rich. *Wesselski Hodscha Nasreddin II 233 No. 509, Bebel I 232 No. 149, Mensa Philosophica No. 63.
 
U63. Priest has no friends until he becomes bishop: then they flock to him. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 421.
 
U65. Wealth is relative: beggar with horse, wife, or dog considered rich by poorer beggar. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 612.
 
U65.1. Grass serves as pleasant couch for poor. Jewish: Neuman.
 
U66. Every man has his price.
 
U66.1. Every woman has her price.
 
U66.1.1. Bid raised for queen's favors until she hesitates. Jester replies, If a man have goods enough, he might have a sovereign lady. England, U.S.: *Baughman.
 
U67. Jester takes cow and tells king people have plenty of milk, for he who is warm thinks everyone else is. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
U68. Optimist becomes pessimist when his money is stolen. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
U71. Man so constantly enriched by God that he cannot give all his goods to the poor. Herbert III 7; Crane Vitry 175 No. 97.
 
U81. Great possessions bring great risks. Jewish: Neuman.
 
U81.1. Dove's pride in her large brood linked with fear for their loss. Wienert FFC LVI 44 (ET 21), 141 (ST 470); Halm Aesop No. 358.
 
U83. King in exile neglected, but courted when he regains throne. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
U84. Price of object depends on where it is on sale. India: Thompson-Balys.

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