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Prevuius group

Group No. 216


S. Unnatural cruelty

Group No.

S300 – S399

Group name

Abandoned or murdered children


S300. Abandoned or murdered children.
S301. Children abandoned (exposed). *Types 327, 450, 590, 675, 920, 930; *De Vries FFC LXXIII 40ff.; *Penzer VII 81 n. 1, 82 n. 250; *Boje 65; *Cosquin Études 199ff.; *Prato RTP IV 178; **Nutt FLR IV 1ff.; **Hartland FLJ IV 308; *Aarne FFC XXIII 60; Cowell Jataka V 230; Dickson 152. – Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “enfant”; Spanish: Espinosa II Nos. 99 – 103, 119; Italian: Basile Pentamerone V No. 8, *Rotunda; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 94f.; Tuamotu: Beckwith Myth 471; Tonga: Gifford 122; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 523; Easter Island: Métraux Ethnology 369, 385; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 349 n. 255, (California): Gayton and Newman 89, (Zuñi): Benedict II 335; West Indies: Flowers 576.
S302. Children murdered. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.
S302.1. All new-born male children slaughtered. Jewish: *Neuman.
S303. Son killed at instigation of lover. India: Thompson-Balys.
S303.1. Woman asks suitor to kill the child of his first wife. Africa (Cameroon): Mansfield 228.
S310. Reasons for abandonment of children. (Cf. K2015, M371, M373, M375.)
S311. Undesirable children exposed, desirable preserved. *Frazer Old Testament II 437ff.; Icelandic: Boberg.
S311.1. Parents successively bury alive their sons who mention something about smith’s, potter‘s, washerman’s, and tom-tom beater‘s trade, but keep fifth child who says something about being future king. India: Thompson-Balys.
S312. Illegitimate child exposed. (Cf. S12.2.1, T640.) *Encyc. Religion Ethics s.v. “Abandonment and exposure”; *Nutt FLR IV 1ff.; Frazer Apollodorus I 252 n. 2; Aarne FFC XXIII 63; *Hertel Zs. f. Vksk. XIX 83ff., 91. – Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys.
S312.1. Child of incest exposed. (Cf. T410.) *Type 933; Köhler-Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. VI 173 (to Gonzenbach No. 85); *Baum PMLA XXXI 562 n. 59; Krappe Neuphilologische Mitteilungen XXXIV (1933) 11 – 22; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.
S312.2. Violated woman’s child exposed. Icelandic: *Boberg.
S312.3. Posthumous child to be exposed. Icelandic: Boberg.
S312.4. Woman abandons baby boy (of which she was artificially impregnated) in forest. India: Thompson-Balys.
S313. Child of supernatural birth exposed. (Cf. T520.) *Nutt FLR IV 1ff., Gaster Thespis 255; Greek: Grote I 103; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
S314. Twins (triplets) exposed. (Cf. T587.) *Krappe Balor 17 n. 55; Dickson 103 n. 10; Gaster Thespis 255; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Greek: Grote I 103.
S321. Destitute parents abandon children. *Encyc. Religion Ethics s.v. “Abandonment and exposure”; *Type 327; *BP I 123; Missouri French: Carrière; Greek: Grote I 103; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 256 No. 200a; Korean: Zong in-Sob 43 No. 25.
S321.1. Children abandoned in famine. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 374, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 34a; N. A. Indian (Zuñi): Benedict II 335; Africa (Wachaga): Gutmann 142.
S322. Children abandoned (driven forth, exposed) by hostile relative. *Roberts 128; Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish: Espinosa II No. 114, Espinosa Jr. No. 140.
S322.0.1. Orphaned boy deprived of his inheritance by relatives. India: *Thompson-Balys.
S322.1. Father casts daughter forth. Spanish: Espinosa II Nos. 107f., 154, Espinosa Jr. Nos. 120 – 123.
S322.1.1. Father who wanted son exposes (murders) daughter. Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Fox 56 (Atalanta); India: *Thompson-Balys; Indonesia: DeVries’s list No. 203.
S322.1.2. Father casts daughter forth when she will not marry him. (Cf. T411.1.) *Type 510B; BP II 45; Cox passim; Krappe Zeitschrift für englische Philologie XLIX 361 – 69; Spanish: Espinosa II Nos. 99 – 103.
S322.1.2.1. Exposure in jungle for refusing to marry according to father‘s wishes. India: Thompson-Balys.
S322.1.3. Father condemns daughter to death because he believes her unchaste. Type 883A; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Somali): Kirk FL XV 319ff. No. 3, Reinisch Die Saho-Sprache (Wien, 1889) I 76ff. No. 3.
S322.1.4. Princess humiliated by father after she has married loathly bridegroom. India: Thompson-Balys.
S322.1.5. Boy turned out of doors by father. India: Thompson-Balys.
S322.1.5.1. King, jealous of son, banishes him and his wife. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 210.
S322.2. Jealous mother casts daughter forth. (Cf. S12.) *Type 709; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 30 No. 1.
S322.2.1. Mother exposes child (for fear of jealous co-wife). Irish myth: *Cross.
S322.3. Jealous co-wife kills woman’s children. (Cf. K2222.) India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 246 No. 36, (Zulu): Callaway 237.
S322.3.1. Jealous co-wife demands murder of woman‘s children. India: *Thompson-Balys.
S322.3.2. Jealous concubine plots against real wife’s daughter. Chinese: Graham.
S322.4. Evil stepmother casts boy forth. *Types 592; India: *Thompson-Balys.
S322.4.1. Banishment (death) of stepchildren demanded as cure for feigned illness. India: Thompson-Balys.
S322.4.2. Evil stepmother orders stepdaughter to be killed. Irish myth: *Cross.
S322.4.3. Stepmother irritates two stepsons so that one kills the other. India: Thompson-Balys.
S322.5. Repulsed lover kills woman‘s child. Dickson 73 n. 26.
S322.6. Jealous mother-in-law and sisters cast woman’s children forth. Roberts 132; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys.
S322.7. Evil stepmother works stepdaughter to death in absence of merchant husband. India: Thompson-Balys.
S324. Pregnant woman ordered by husband to kill child to be born. Irish myth: Cross.
S325. Diseased child exposed. Africa (Kaffir): Kidd 224 No. 1.
S325.0.1. Monstrous (deformed) child exposed. (Cf. S11.3.2, T550.) Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Grote I 55; Chinese: Graham; Marquesas: Handy 114; Tonga: Gifford 31, 60.
S325.0.1.1. Child born with caul exposed. Irish myth: Cross.
S326. Disobedient children cast forth. India: Thompson-Balys; Indonesia: DeVries‘s list No. 205.
S326.1. Disobedient child burned. Irish myth: Cross.
S327. Child cast out because of his stupidity. Type 563; Grimm No. 36; India: Thompson-Balys.
S327.1. Father wants to kill son because of foolish boasting. India: Thompson-Balys.
S327.2. Baby ordered killed because it pulls beard of father (raja). India: Thompson-Balys.
S327.3. Half-wit abandoned because of his tricks. Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XXII 23.
S328. Mother sells her child to heathen sailors. Boje 63, *67.
S329. Reasons for abandonment of children – miscellaneous.
S329.1. Child exposed so as to avoid death decree. India: Thompson-Balys.
S330. Circumstances of murder or exposure of children.
S331. Exposure of child in boat (floating chest). See references for S141, nearly all of which refer to this motif. Type 930; W. R. Halliday Indo-European Folk Tales and Greek Legend (London, 1933) 55; Irish myth: Cross; Missouri French: Carrière; Greek: Grote I 103; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 558, 931; Japanese: Ikeda; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 152.
S332. Queen hides her child and accuses wolf of eating it. Malone PMLA XLIII 437.
S333. Child‘s ankles pierced before exposing him. Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 344 n. 1 (Oedipus).
S334. Tokens of royalty (nobility) left with exposed child. (Cf. H80.) *Penzer VII 81 n. 1; Irish myth: Cross; English: Wells 134 (Sir Degare), 126 (Lai Le Freine); Greek: Fox 71.
S334.1. Child exposed with twelve years’ supply of food and attendants. India: Thompson-Balys.
S335. Child exposed at palace gate. Penzer VII 81 n. 1, 82 n., 250.
S336. Abandoned child wrapped in straw. DeVries FFC LXXIII 326f.
S337. Children enticed into grain pot and imprisoned. India: Thompson-Balys.
S338. Father abandons his daughter in forest and leaves axes tied so that they move in wind. Daughter thinks he is cutting wood. *Roberts 137.
S341. Exposure prevented.
S341.1. Exposure given up on account of newborn son‘s protesting stanza. Icelandic: Boberg.
S342. Mother induced by rival to kill her children. India: *Thompson-Balys.
S345. Parents trick children into going on hunt, and then abandon them in forest. (Cf. S143.) India: Thompson-Balys.
S350. Fate of abandoned child. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 54 No. 33; Japanese: Ikeda.
S350.1. Infant condemned to death saved by a smile. Irish myth: Cross.
S350.2. Child driven out (exposed) brought up in secret. Irish myth: *Cross.
S351. Abandoned child cared for by mother secretly. (Cf. R153.) Africa (Zulu): Callaway 236, (Basuto): Jacottet 128ff. No. 18.
S351.0.1. Abandoned child made over to its own mother (sister) acting as wet nurse. Jewish: *Neuman.
S351.1. Abandoned child cared for by grandmother (aunt, foster mother). Irish: *Cross, MacCulloch Celtic 167; N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 91.
S351.2. Abandoned child reared by herdsman. (Cf. R131.3.) Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Grote I 241, 263; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 458.
S351.2.1. Abandoned princess, brought up by herdsmen, becomes wife of king. Irish myth: *Cross; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 378.
S352. Animal aids abandoned child(ren). (Cf. B535.) Missouri French: Carrière; India: *Thompson-Balys; S. A. Indian (Sherenti): Lowe BBAE CXLIII (1) 515; West Indies: Flowers 576.
S352.1. Animal preserves fire for abandoned children in a clam shell. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 347, 349 nn. 247, 255.
S353. Abandoned child reared by supernatural beings. India: *Thompson-Balys; Maori: Dixon 42.
S353.1. Deity nurtures and rears abandoned child. India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1366.
S353.2. Exposed children miraculously fed by angels. Jewish: Neuman.
S354. Exposed infant reared at strange king’s court (Joseph, Oedipus). *Type 931; Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman, bin Gorion Born Judas@2 I 165, 372; India: Thompson-Balys.
S354.1. Abandoned child adopted and found by queen. India: *Thompson-Balys.
S354.2. Travelers find exposed baby girl and take her to emperor‘s court. India: Thompson-Balys.
S354.3. Prince (princess) adopts exposed child. Jewish: Neuman; Africa (Wachaga): Gutmann 142.
S355. Exposed child carried off by wild beast. (Cf. R13.) Dickson 169ff.
S356. Children left at home seek exposed brothers and sisters. Indonesia: DeVries’s list No. 207.
S357. Abandoned sister rescued by brothers. When she is refused entrance to house, she makes complaint in a song and brothers bring her clothes. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 883C*.
S361. Bird carries food from deserted child to starving parents. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 348 n. 250.
S362. Starving parents come to abandoned child for food. Jewish: *Neuman (Joseph); Sulka of New Britain: Dixon 132 n. 2; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 349 n. 255.
S365. Maltreated children transformed. (Cf. D642.)
S365.1. Maltreated children transformed to doves. India: Thompson-Balys.
S366. Abandoned children return and kill parents. N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 89.
S371. Abandoned daughter‘s son becomes hero. *Dixon 130, 132 n. 2, 136 nn. 10, 11; Greek: Grote I 854; India: *Thompson-Balys.
S375. Old woman’s maledictions inform abandoned hero of his parentage and future. He has knocked her over (broken pots). *Cosquin Contes indiens 398.
S376. Tree feeds abandoned children with its sap. India: Thompson-Balys.
S378. Deserted children become Thunder. N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 91.

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