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Prevuius group

Group No. 215


Letter

S. Unnatural cruelty

Group No.

S200 – S299

Group name

Cruel sacrifices

Description

S200. Cruel sacrifices.
 
S210. Children sold or promised. *Type 930; Aarne FFC XXIII 54; BP I 98; Grimm Nos. 12, 31, 55, 92, 181; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda.
 
S210.1. Child sold into slavery. English: Wells 22 (Sir Beues of Hamtoun); Greek: Grote I 163; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 946. See also story of Joseph.
 
S210.2. Child sold to be killed. Jewish: *Neuman.
 
S211. Child sold (promised) to devil (ogre). See also references to S220 – S259, practically all of which apply here. *Types 314, 400, 502, 756B, 810; BP II 329, III 463, 531; *Cosquin Études 365, 542ff.; *Wesselski Märchen 242 No. 52; *Andrejev FFC LXIX 46; Sébillot France III 446, IV 127; Gaster Exempla 248 No. 352. – Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 42 No. 29AB; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 293 No. 1, 300 No. 2; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “enfant”, “diable”; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 17; Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish: Espinosa II Nos. 99 – 103, Espinosa Jr. No. 66; India: *Thompson-Balys; Indonesia: DeVries‘s list No. 147; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 210, 212; Africa: Werner African 214.
 
S211.1. Child of woman and devil taken to his father. Type 756B; *Andrejev FFC LXIX 49.
 
S212. Child sold to magician. *Type 325; *Cosquin Études 523; BP II 60; Jones PMLA XXIII 567; India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
S213. Child promised to wood-spirit. (Cf. F441.) Type 667*.
 
S214. Child promised to mermaid. (Cf. B81.) Köhler-Bolte I 178; Irish myth: Cross.
 
S215. Child promised to animal. (Cf. B620.1.) India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa: Werner African 223.
 
S215.1. Girl promises herself to animal suitor. *Type 440; BP I 1ff.; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
S216. Mothers exchange children. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
S220. Reasons for promise (sale) of child.
 
S221. Child sold (promised) for money. *Type 756B; *Andrejev FFC LXIX 50ff., 56ff., *223, 227 n., *230 n.; Fb “sælge” III 722a; *Ward II 661 No. 4 (wife sold); Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 65 No. 471B*, Espinosa II No. 117.
 
S221.1. Bankrupt father sells his daughters in marriage to animals. (Sometimes to pay gambling debt.) (Cf. S215.) *Types 425C, 552A; *BP II 234ff., III 424ff.; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. No. 65; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 149, II 1013.
 
S221.2. Youth sells himself to an ogre in settlement of a gambling debt. (Cf. M211, S215.) *Type 313; BP I 442.
 
S222. Man promises (sells) child in order to save himself from danger or death. *Types 310, 425C, 756B, 500; BP I 490ff.; MacCulloch Childhood 421; *Andrejev FFC LXIX 51, 58, 229 n.; India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
S222.1. Woman promises her unborn child to appease offended witch. Italian: Basile Pentamerone II No. 1.
 
S222.2. Woman promises unborn daughter to snake as wife for ferrying her across stream. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
S222.3. Woman promises unborn child to tiger if he will spare her. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
S222.4. Sultan’s daughter demanded by giant ogre as price for letting his subjects alone. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
S223. Childless couple promise child to the devil if they may only have one. *Type 756B; *BP III 107; *Wesselski Märchen 242 No. 52; *Andrejev FFC LXIX 49, 52, *223ff.; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Swahili): Steere 379.
 
S223.0.1. Robert the Devil. Childless couple wish for a child even if he comes from the devil. He is diabolical. *Wells 784; *Hibbard 49ff. (Sir Gowther); *Krappe Mod. Lang. Rev. XXIV (1929) 200ff.; Irish myth: Cross.
 
S223.0.2. Maid pledged to devil dresses conspicuously. Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 14 No. 124.
 
S223.1. Girl promises unborn child to devil if he will suffer the birth pangs. Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 40 No. 31**; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3254, Legends Nos. 370ff.
 
S223.2. Mother curses her unborn child. (Cf. M411.1.) *Type 756B; *Andrejev FFC LXIX 49.
 
S223.3. An old maid promises the devil her first born. She wishes to get a husband. Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 391.
 
S223.4. Childless couple promise one of two children to devil if they may only have them. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
S224. Child promised to devil for acting as godfather. (Cf. N411.) *Types 314, 502, 756B; *BP II 319ff., 329; Andrejev FFC LXIX 50; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “filleul”.
 
S225. Child promised to devil for help on road with broken wagon. Andrejev FFC LXIX 50, 56, 228 n.
 
S226. Child promised to devil for directions out of woods when father is lost. *Andrejev FFC LXIX 51, 58, 229 n.; BP II 483f.
 
S227. Child promised to devil in exchange for a good catch of fish. *Andrejev FFC LXIX 51, 60, 230 n.; Irish: O‘Suilleabhain 38, Beal XXI 314.
 
S228. Daughter promised to monster as bride to secure flower (bird) she has asked for. *Type 425C; *Tegethoff 12, 18; *BP II 229ff., *232 n. 2; India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
S232. Daughter promised to tiger in marriage for help in carrying load. (Cf. B620.1.) India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
S233. Children given in return for being taught magic. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
S234. Children sold in exchange for food. Africa (Wakweli): Bender 60.
 
S235. Angry man gives away his daughter to a beggar. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 248 No. 193.
 
S240. Children unwittingly promised (sold). (Cf. S211.) *Types 314, 400, 710, 756B; *BP II 329; *Fb “frugtsommelig” I 376, “ufødt” III 926a; *Andrejev FFC LXIX 50ff., 56ff., 223; *MacCulloch Childhood 418; Irish: Baughman; Italian: Basile Pentamerone I No. 8.
 
S240.1. Girl promised unwittingly by her parents to ogre. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
S241. Child unwittingly promised: “first thing you meet.” (Jephthah’s vow.) *Types 425, 810; *BP II 329, 483; *Fb “først” I 404, “møde” II 647a; Wünsche 34f.; *Tegethoff 18; *Cox Cinderella 511; *Andrejev FFC LXIX 50, 62, 228 n.; Johnston MLN XXII 233. – French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 17; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. No. 66; N. A. Indian (Zuñi): Boas JAFL XXXV 66 No. 2.
 
S241.1. Unwitting bargain with devil evaded by driving dog over bridge first. The child has been unwittingly promised (the first thing that goes over the bridge). Kittredge Witchcraft 206, *518 n. 19; Hazlitt Shakespeare Jest Books I 86f. No. 67; Mensa Philosophica No. 11.
 
S241.2. Devil is to have last one who leaves “black school”. Fb. “fanden” I 267b; Scotland, England: Baughman.
 
S241.3. Princess promised unwittingly to madman: “what you ask for.” India: Thompson-Balys.
 
S242. Child unwittingly promised: “what you have at home.” The man thinks it is a cat (dog). *Types 316, 710; *BP I 21; Köhler-Bolte I 312; *Andrejev FFC LXIX 50, 62, 228 n.; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 54 No. 455; Spanish: Espinosa II Nos. 99 – 103.
 
S242.1. Child unwittingly promised: “What you wife has under her belt.” BP I 98f.; Danish: Grundtvig No. 33.
 
S243. Child unwittingly promised: Nix-Naught-Nothing. The child born while the father is away is named Nix-Naught-Nothing. Köhler-Bolte I 279; English: Jacobs English Fairy Tales 33.
 
S245. Child unwittingly promised: what is born on your farm. Two women agree that what is born on the farm of each belongs exclusively to the owner. The child of one is born on the farm of the other. Africa (Fjort): Dennett 58 No. 11.
 
S247. Daughter unwittingly promised to dog rescuer. (Cf. B620.1.) Without knowing that a dog has rescued her, the father offers her in marriage to her rescuer. India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 421; Japanese: Ikeda:
 
S250. Saving the promised child. Missouri French: Carrière.
 
S251. Virgin Mary rescues child promised to the devil. *Meyer Romania XXXIII 163ff.; Ward II 632 No. 29, Herbert III 504; Spanish: Espinosa II Nos. 99 – 103.
 
S252. Vain attempt to save promised child.
 
S252.1. Vain attempt to save promised child by use of substitute. *Type 425.
 
S252.2. Vain attempt to save promised child by evasions. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
S255. Deity saves person about to be sacrificed. (Cf. S263.2.1.) India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
S255.1. Deity promises deliverance of promised child to mother in dream. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
S255.2. Child sacrificed to deity returned to mother alive and whole after the ablution and ceremonial rites in honor of her. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
S260. Sacrifices. (Cf. S255.) Irish myth: *Cross.
 
S260.1. Human sacrifice. *Penzer IV 65 n.; *Encyc. Religion Ethics s.v. “Human sacrifice”; *V. Manzini La superstizione omicida e i sacrifici umani, con particolare riguardo alle accuse contro gli Ebrei (2d. ed., Padua, 1930); Krappe Hessische Blätter für Volkskunde XXVI (1927) 18 – 25. – Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Spanish: Keller, Espinosa Jr. Nos. 61, 68f.; Greek: Fox 183; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 189, II 54, 851; Marquesas: Beckwith 269, Handy 73; N. A. Indian (Sia): Alexander N. Am. 203, (Hopi): ibid. 205, (Zuñi): ibid. 201, *Benedict 342; Africa (Bushongo): Torday 250.
 
S260.1.1. Child sacrifice as religious rite. Irish: *Cross, Beal XXI 329, O‘Suilleabhain 90; Jewish: *Neuman; N. A. Indian (Aztec): Alexander Lat. Am. 72.
 
S260.1.2. Sacrifice of sister on advice of yogi. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
S260.1.3. Prisoners sacrificed to goddess. Irish myth: Cross.
 
S260.1.4. Sacrifice of child to save life of another. (Cf. S268.) Korean: Zong in-Sob 44 No. 26.
 
S261. Foundation sacrifice. A human being buried alive at base of the foundation of a building or bridge. *Krappe Balor 165 n. 1; *Gaidoz Mélusine IV (1888) No. 2; Krappe Revue Celtique XLIII (1926) 124ff. – Irish myth: *Cross; English: Wells 39 (Arthour and Merlin), 42 (Nennius’ Historia Britonum); Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 200; Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 46 No. 81; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 73 No. 620; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3519; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 133 No. 81; Spanish: Espinosa III Nos. 139, 151, 157; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda.
 
S261.0.1. Human blood mixed with rice to make leaky tanks hold water. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
S261.1. Child as foundation sacrifice smiles and wins freedom. The king asks him why he smiles. “One first expects mercy from the parents; if they have none, then from the king. Now only God will have mercy.” *Krappe Balor 171ff.; Penzer VII 87 n. 1, 88 – 96, 250ff.; *DeVries “De Sage van het ingemetselde Kind” Nederlandsche Tijdschrift voor Volkskunde XXXII (1917); India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
S262. Periodic sacrifices to a monster. *Schoepperle II 326ff.; *Panzer Beowulf 276ff.; *Frazer Pausanias V 143; Brown Iwain 17 and passim; *Freytag Am Urquell I (1890) 179ff., 197ff.; *Fb “glarbjærg” I 459, “jomfru” II 43; Chauvin VI 110 No. 274. – Irish myth: *Cross; Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish: Espinosa III Nos. 139, 151, 157; Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 207 n. 2, II 119 n. 2, 134 n. 1; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 189, II 573, 1188; Japanese: Ikeda; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 154 No. 22, (Fang): Trilles 166.
 
S262.0.1. One man disappears each night. English: Beowulf; Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
S262.1. Woman given to devastating monster as wife to appease it. Irish myth: *Cross; Japanese: Ikeda; N. A. Indian (Creek): Alexander N. Am. 71.
 
S262.2. Tribute of youths regularly sent to foreign king. English: Wells 80 (Sir Tristrem).
 
S262.2.1. Youths and maidens as yearly tribute to monsters (Fomorians). Irish myth: *Cross.
 
S262.3. Sacrificial victim chosen by lot. (Cf. N126.) Icelandic: *Boberg; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 793; West Africa: Tauxier La Noir du Yatenga (Paris, 1917) 496f. No. 1, (Hausa): Basset Mélusine III 226f. No. 2, (Senegambia): Bérenger-Feraud II 185ff. No. 2.
 
S262.4. Girl offers to sacrifice herself to dragon in place of her parents. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
S263. Sacrifice to appease spirits (gods). (Cf. K1603, T211.1.1.) Irish myth: Cross; Japanese: Ikeda.
 
S263.1. Highest ranking man in land to be sacrificed for good crops. Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
S263.2. Child sacrificed to gain favor of gods. Penzer II 214ff.; Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 111, Fox 52, 126; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
S263.2.1. Gods furnish substitute for child sacrifice. (Cf. S255.) Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 192 n. 1; Jewish: *Neuman.
 
S263.2.2. Daughters sacrificed to avert famine. *Frazer Pausanias II 78.
 
S263.2.3. Man shows himself willing to sacrifice his child to prove his desire to follow God. He is prevented by abbot. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
S263.3. Person sacrificed to water spirit to secure water supply. India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Lamba): Doke MAFLS XX 14 No. 11, (Hausa): Basset Mélusine III 226f. No. 2, (Fulah): Frobenius Atlantis VI 182ff. No. 4.
 
S263.3.1. Human sacrifice to water serpent to secure tribal prosperity. Africa Tauxier La Noir du Yatenga (Paris, 1917) 496f. No. 1, (Senegambia): Béranger-Feraud II 185ff. No. 2.
 
S263.3.2. Serpent in stream demands pair of human eyes for drink of water. (Cf. M225.) India: Thompson-Balys.
 
S263.3.3. Raja sacrifices his entire family so as to purify lake water. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
S263.4. Sacrifice to river-god who has stopped boat in mid-stream. India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 152ff. No. 22.
 
S263.4.1. Sacrifice to offended gods, who hold ship back. Icelandic: Herrmann Saxo II 586; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 111.
 
S263.5. Sacrificial suicide. (Cf. S264.1.2.) Irish myth: Cross.
 
S263.5.1. Saints (monks) sacrifice themselves (to avert plague). Irish myth: *Cross.
 
S263.5.2. Monks sacrifice themselves (to save king and princes from pestilence). Irish myth: Cross.
 
S263.5.3. Man leaps from vessel into jaws of sea-beast, so as to save remaining passengers. Irish myth: Cross.
 
S263.6. Man sacrifices his wife to procure wealth in jars. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
S264. Sacrifice to rivers and seas. *Fb “sø” III 731a, “å” III 1187b.
 
S264.1. Man thrown overboard to placate storm. (Cf. S263.5.3.) Type 973*; Child V 496 s.v. “Ships”; Chauvin VII 30 No. 212 n. 2; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas@2 I 227; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 1024; Korean: Zong in-Sob 107 No. 57.
 
S264.1.1. Man carried on top of mast ready to be sacrificed to storm spirit. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
S264.1.2. Woman drowns herself as sacrifice to water-gods to save husband’s boat from capsizing. (Cf. S263.5.) Japanese: Ikeda.
 
S264.2. Sacrifice to tank. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
S265. Sacrifice of strangers. Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 224 n. 1, II 273 n. 2; Japanese: Ikeda.
 
S265.1. Hostages sacrificed. Irish myth: *Cross.
 
S266. Burial of live girl to banish plague. German: Knoop Sagen u. Erzählungen aus Posen 123.
 
S267. Flood stopped by sacrifice of boy and girl. N. A. Indian (Zuñi): Benedict 337.
 
S268. Child sacrificed to provide blood for cure of friend. (Cf. S260.1.4.) *Type 516; **Rösch FFC LXXVII 138ff., 161ff.; BP I 56; *Chauvin VIII 195 No. 235: *Wells 787 (Amis and Amiloun); Hibbard 70ff.; Scala Celi 10a No. 64; Alphabet No. 55. – Italian: Basile Pentamerone IV No. 9, Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda.
 
S268.1. Sacrifice of child demanded as cure for feigned sickness. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
S268.1.1. Prince‘s life can only be prolonged if servant sacrifices his only son to goddess. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
S268.2. Son sold for transfusion of blood to sick king. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
S271. Sacrifice of child to remove barrenness. Penzer I 154; Chauvin V 176 No. 100; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
S272. Sacrifice of brothers promised if girl is born. *Type 451; BP I 71ff.
 
S272.1. Flight of brothers from home to avoid being sacrificed. *Type 451; BP I 70.
 
S273. Child bought to serve as sacrifice to demon. Penzer VII 87 n. 1; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
S274. Sacrifice as an agricultural rite. Irish myth: *Cross.
 
S276. Sacrifice as protection against disease. Irish myth: *Cross.

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