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Prevuius group

Group No. 211


Letter

R. Captive and fugitives

Group No.

R200 – R299

Group name

Escapes and pursuits

Description

R200. Escapes and pursuits.
 
R210. Escapes. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
R211. Escape from prison. Icelandic: *Boberg; Missouri French: Carrière.
 
R211.1. Giant breaks from tower prison. Dickson 130 n. 102; Japanese: Ikeda.
 
R211.2. Captive bores way out of prison. Icelandic: *Boberg; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 313 No. 98; Korean: Zong in-Sob 174 No. 75.
 
R211.3. Escape through underground passage. Italian: Basile Pentamerone II No. 7.
 
R211.4. Escape from slavery (pirates). (Cf. R61.) Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
 
R211.5. Captive hews through iron prison with sword. Irish myth: Cross.
 
R211.6. Captive knocks prison roof off. (Cf. F627.) Irish myth: *Cross.
 
R211.7. Escape from pit of snakes by means of rope. (Cf. Q465, R41.3.1.) Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
R211.8. Rescue from prison by beheading giant keeper. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
 
R211.9. Escape from prison because of bribed guards. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 355.
 
R212. Escape from grave.
 
R212.1. Man buried alive with king escapes from the tomb. Follows noise made by sea animal and finds way out to sea. Chauvin VII 19 No. 373D n. 3.
 
R212.1.1. Man buried alive escapes from tomb when thief tries to rob it. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
R212.1.2. Captive buried alive to his neck fastens his teeth on jackal that comes to eat him and companions. Rest flee when they hear him howl. In struggles to get free jackal loosens earth around captive, who manages to free himself. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 570.
 
R212.2. Man buried alive with beloved escapes, as thieves break open the tomb. Icelandic: Boberg.
 
R213. Escape from home.
 
R213.1. Prince escapes from home in order to see world. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
R214. Animal eludes bird watchman and escapes from his hole. Indonesia: DeVries‘s list No. 112.
 
R215. Escape from execution.
 
R215.1. Escape from execution pyre by means of wings. *Type 575.
 
R215.1.2. Escape from execution pyre through underground passage. Hdwb. d. Märchens I 600b. nn. 17 – 18.
 
R215.2. Escape from death by boiling oil. Irish myth: Cross.
 
R215.3. Escape from execution on flying wooden horse. (Cf. D1626.1.) India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 839.
 
R216. Escape from ship while captors quarrel. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
R216.1. Escape from ship by jumping into the sea. Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
R217. Inscription accidentally seen tells hero how to escape captivity. Africa (Swahili): Steere 331ff.
 
R218. Escape from fairyland. (Cf. F210.) Irish myth: *Cross.
 
R219. Escapes – miscellaneous.
 
R219.1. Man carried off on bed escapes by grasping tree limbs as he passes under tree. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
R219.2. Man and wife escape from land of dead upon a vine. (Cf. E481.) Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 185.
 
R220. Flights. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
R221. Heroine’s three-fold flight from ball. Cinderella (Cap o‘ Rushes) after meeting the prince at a ball (church) flees before identification is possible. Repeated three times. *Type 510; **Cox 1 – 121, 437 – 446 passim; Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. Nos. 123f.; Italian: Basile Pentamerone I No. 6; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
R222. Unknown knight. (Three days‘ tournament.) For three days in succession an unknown knight in different armor wins a tournament and escapes without recognition. Finally identified by tokens. **Weston The Three Days Tournament; *Types 314, 502; *BP III 111; *Child V 44ff.; *Webster Kittredge Memorial Volume 227; Bruce MLN XXIV 257; *Hibbard 226 n. 2; *Fb “hest” I 598a; Zs. f. Vksk. IV 98; RTP VIII 82. – English: Wells 48 (Lancelot of the Laik), 147 (Ipomadon); Icelandic: *Boberg; Missouri French: Carrière; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 18; India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian: *Thompson CColl II 349ff., 407, (Wichita): Dorsey JAFL XVI 160, (Skidi Pawnee): Dorsey MAFLS VIII Nos. 40, 41.
 
R224. Girl flees to escape incestuous brother. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
R225. Elopement. *Type 516; Rösch FFC LXXVII 106; *Thien Motive 27; *Boje 110ff.; *Krappe Revue Hispanique LXXVIII (1930) 489 – 543. – Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Missouri French: Carrière; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus II 174 n. 1 (Helen); India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 860.
 
R225.1. Elopement on winged horse. Type 516; Rösch FFC LXXVII 110.
 
R225.2. Lovers elope to prevent girl‘s marriage to undesired fiancé. Cent Nouvelles Nouvelles No. 98.
 
R227. Wife flees from husband. (Cf. P210, T200.) India: Thompson-Balys.
 
R227.1. Wife flees from animal husband. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
R227.2. Flight from hated husband. Irish myth: *Cross.
 
R227.3. Supernatural wife finds garment stolen from her by husband and leaves him. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
R228. Children leave home because their parents refuse them food. Irish myth: Cross.
 
R231. Obstacle flight – Atalanta type. Objects are thrown back which the pursuer stops to pick up while the fugitive escapes. *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 526; Köhler-Bolte I 430; Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Spanish: Espinosa II Nos. 122 – 25; Greek: Roscher Lexikon s.v. “Absyrtos”; India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 860; Japanese: Anesaki 224; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 342 n. 232; S. A. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 74; Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 99 No. 18, 125 No. 22, (Zulu): Callaway 145, (Angola): Chatelain 101 No. 6, (Kaffir): Theal 46 No. 2, (Yoruba): Ellis 269 No. 4.
 
R231.1. Ogre tries to retain fugitive by tempting him with gold ring; but he takes ring by cutting off the hand. Icelandic: Boberg.
 
R231.2. Fugitive cuts tail of camel caught by pursuer and it turns into grass. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
R231.2.1. Helpful animal’s tail cut off so pursuers who hang onto tail are shaken off into river. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
R233. Fugitive kills pursuer and takes his extraordinary horse to continue flight. Boje 96ff.
 
R235. Fugitives cut support of bridge so that pursuer falls. Indonesia: Dixon 229.
 
R236. Pursuers aided by magic weather phenomenon. Jewish: *Neuman.
 
R236.1. Fugitive aided by magic mist. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.
 
R236.2. Sun sets at high noon to hide fugitive. (Cf. F965.) Jewish: *Neuman.
 
R236.3. Earthquake saves fugitive. Jewish: Neuman.
 
R236.4. Fugitive has magic wind against him, pursuer with him (caused by goddess). Icelandic: Boberg.
 
R241. Flight on skis; two on one pair. Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
R242. Flight carrying friend (girl) on back. Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
R243. Fugitives aided by helpful animal. (Cf. B520.)
 
R243.1. Pursuer misdirected by animal to help fugitive. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
R244. Ships burned to prevent flight. Icelandic: Boberg.
 
R245. Whale-boat. A man is carried across the water on a whale (fish). (He usually deceives the whale as to the nearness of the land or as to hearing thunder. As a consequence the whale runs into the shore or is killed by lightning.) *Loomis White Magic 91; cf. Aarne FFC XXIII 137; Maori: Dixon 8; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 327 n. 179; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 256f. Nos. 38, 39, 275 No. 86; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 310 n. 1.
 
R245.1. Crocodile-boat. Trickster props his jaws apart and leaves him. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
R245.2. Snake king takes fleeing captives across river. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 785.
 
R246. Crane-bridge. Fugitives are helped across a stream by a crane who lets them cross on his leg. The pursuer is either refused assistance or drowned by the crane. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 340 n. 227.
 
R246.1. Stone bridge appears for fugitives. Disappears and drowns pursuers. Loomis White Magic 130.
 
R251. Flight on a tree, which ogre tries to cut down. **Parsons Zs. f. Ethnologie LIV 1-29; Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XXXIII – XXXIV 38; Japanese: Ikeda; Korean: Zong in-Sob 9 No. 3; Africa (Togo): Einstein 12f.; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 121 n. 3, 125, 131f.; American Negro (Georgia): Harris Friends 91 No. 12. Cf. Thompson Tales 341 n. 230. Most African references in B421.
 
R252. Flight by vaulting on stick. N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 92.
 
R253. Escape from nest of giant bird by seizing two young birds and jumping. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 201.
 
R255. Formula for girl fleeing: behind me night, etc. “Behind me night and before me day that no one shall see where I go.” *Type 510B; *BP II 46; Ainu: Ikeda (Type 175).
 
R257. Fugitives sustain selves on apples. Hdwb. d. Märchens I 90b no. 3.
 
R260. Pursuits. Missouri French: Carrière; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
R261. Pursuit by rolling object.
 
R261.1. Pursuit by rolling head. *Kittredge Gawain and the Green Knight 189 n. 1; Japanese: Ikeda; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 343 nn. 238, 238a, *Alexander N. A. Myth. 290 n. 37; cf. JAFL II 69; (California): Gayton and Newman 79; S. A. Indian (Cashinawa): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 684, (Chaco, Warrau, Shipaya): Lowie ibid. 54f., (Tenetehara): Wagley-Galvao ibid. 148; Africa (Congo): Weeks 207 n. 4.
 
R262. Magic eel pursues man over land. Irish myth: Cross.
 
R265. Pursuer (witch, giant) pulls out tail of fugitive‘s horse. Fb “hale” IV 197b; cf. Burns “Tam O’ Shanter”; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
R267. Fugitives trailed by mustard seeds (ashes) dropped from bag. (Cf. R135.) India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 127ff.
 
R268. Dew in footprints reveals man‘s way. Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
R271. Pursuit by fire. N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 82.
 
R272. Pursuer follows successive night campfires (each brighter than last). Chinese: Graham.

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