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Prevuius group

Group No. 210


R. Captive and fugitives

Group No.

R100 – R199

Group name



R100. Rescues.
R110. Rescue of captive.
R110.1. Goddess delivers and restores goods of man thrown into jail. India: Thompson-Balys.
R111. Rescue of captive maiden. (Cf. H1385.1, R10.1.) *Sparnaay 45ff.; Hdwb. d. Märchens I 550a nn. 219, 220, 554b; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “princesse”; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 18; Spanish: Espinosa II Nos. 133 – 35, III Nos. 140, 143; India: *Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian: Thompson CColl II 334ff.
R111.0.1. All man‘s property offered to rescuer of stolen daughter. India: Thompson-Balys.
R111.1. Princess (maiden) rescued from captor. India: *Thompson-Balys.
R111.1.1. Rescue of princess from ogre. See references to R11.1. Type 590; BP III 1; *Basset RTP III 562; English: Wells 64 (The Avowynge of King Arthur), 66 (Ywain and Gawain), 70 (Libeaus Disconus); Irish myth: *Cross: Spanish: Espinosa III No. 143; Italian: Basile Pentamerone IV No. 3; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Anesaki 307, 359; N. A. Indian (Zuñi): Benedict II 341.
R111.1.2. Princess rescued from robbers. *Types 506B, 970**; *BP III 490ff.; *Liljeblad Tobiasgeschichte; Icelandic: Boberg; Italian: Basile Pentamerone I No. 7; India: *Thompson-Balys.
R111.1.3. Rescue of princess (maiden) from dragon. *Types 300, 303; *Hartland Perseus III 1 – 65 passim; **Ranke FFC CXIV; *BP I 534; *Loomis White Magic 119. See also references to B11.10 and B11.11. – Icelandic: *Boberg; Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish: Espinosa II Nos. 133 – 135, Espinosa Jr. Nos. 68f.; Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 158 n. 3; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda.
R111.1.4. Rescue of princess (maiden) from giant (monster). (Cf. G100.) *Dickson 132 n. 106; *Brown Iwain 50 n. 1; Irish myth: *Cross; English: Wells 117 (Sir Torrent of Portyngale); Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda.
R111.1.5. Rescue of woman from snake-husband. (Cf. B604.1.) Jamaica: *Beckwith MAFLS XVII 272 No. 85.
R111.1.6. Princess ransomed from slavery. (Cf. R61.) *Type 506A; India: Thompson-Balys.
R111.1.6.1. Queen rescued from slavery. Irish myth: Cross.
R111.1.7. Rescue of princess (maiden) from magician. (Cf. D1711.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.
R111.1.8. Rescue of maidens from witches. (Cf. G200.) Icelandic: *Boberg.
R111.1.9. Princess rescued from undesired suitor. Icelandic: *Boberg.
R111.1.10. Rescue of princess (queen, maiden) from supernatural being who has won her at game of chance. Irish myth: *Cross.
R111.1.11. Maiden rescued from rakshasa. India: *Thompson-Balys.
R111.1.12. Princess rescued from captivity of elephant. India: Thompson-Balys.
R111.1.13. Rescue of girl from tigers. Chinese: Graham.
R111.1.13.1. Rescue of woman from bear’s cave. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges; India: Thompson-Balys.
R111.2. Princess rescued from place of captivity. India: Thompson-Balys.
R111.2.1. Princess(es) rescued from lower world. *Type 301; *BP II 300; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 25; Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish: Espinosa II 133 – 135; India: Thompson-Balys; Indonesia: Dixon 215.
R111.2.1.1. Stolen woman rescued from lower world. India: Thompson-Balys.
R111.2.2. Rescue of princess from mountain. *Type 530; *BP III 111; Icelandic: De la Saussaye 143, 144 (Siegfried and Brunhilde).
R111.2.3. Princess rescued from giant‘s cave where she is fettered to a chair by the hair. (Cf. R41.5.) Icelandic: *Boberg.
R111.2.3.1. Rescue of earl’s daughter from giant‘s cave where she is chained to the wall (a pillar). Icelandic: *Boberg.
R111.2.4. Princess rescued from temple where she is imprisoned. Icelandic: Bósa saga 30ff ch. 8, 114ff ch. 12, Boberg.
R111.2.5. Girl rescued from tree. Chinese: Graham.
R111.3. Means of rescuing princess.
R111.3.1. India: *Thompson-Balys.
R111.4. 490ff.
R111.5. Nobleman rescues lady from treacherous servant. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
R111.6. Girl rescued and then abandoned. Types 300, 303; *Ranke FFC CXIV.
R111.7. Joint rescuers quarrel over rescued princess. Type 653; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Konde): Gemuseus und Berger ZsES XXIII 1ff., (Tanga): Nassau JAFL XXVIII 30ff. No. 5, (Vai): Ellis 200f. No. 18.
R111.8. Rescued person stolen from rescuer.
R111.8.1. Rescued woman stolen from rescuer by demon. India: Thompson-Balys.
R111.8.2. Rescued woman stolen from rescuer by other men. India: Thompson-Balys.
R112. Magic rescue of prisoner from mound. (Cf. R45.) *Fb “höj” I 740b; Irish myth: Cross; Spanish: Espinosa III No. 140; India: Thompson-Balys.
R112.1. Three blasts on horn before sunrise to rescue prisoner from mound. *Fb “höj” I 740b.
R112.2. Riding three times around hill to free captive confined within. Fb “ride” III 52b.
R112.3. Rescue of prisoners from fairy stronghold. Irish myth: *Cross.
R115. King transformed to parrot frees captured parrots. (Cf. D641.) *Fischer-Bolte 209.
R115.1. Husband transformed into mouse so he can enter cave-prison of his wife. India: Thompson-Balys.
R116. Rescue from robbers’ den. (Cf. R111.1.2.) *Type 851; BP I 188ff.; French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
R117. Rescue from being burned. (Cf. R175.) Icelandic: Lagerholm 117 – 18, *Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman.
R121. Means of rescue from prison.
R121.1. Princess pulled through prison window by hand and freed. Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 280 No. 91, 283 No. 92.
R121.2. Rescuer impersonates captive and deceives blind guardian while captive escapes. Mangaia (Cook Group): Dixon 75.
R121.3. House burned (torn) down to deliver man imprisoned in it. *Chauvin VI 74 No. 239.
R121.4. Ants carry silk threads to prisoner, who makes rope and escapes. They have thread tied to their feet. Fischer-Bolte 212.
R121.5. Ariadne-thread. Prisoner given a thread as a clue to find his way out of the labyrinth in which he is being confined. *Herbert III 204; Oesterley No. 63; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 135 n. 3.
R121.6. Rescue from prison by saint, who enters and breaks fetters. (Cf. R165.) Alphabet No. 436; *Loomis White Magic 89, 93; Icelandic: *Boberg.
R121.6.1. Saint appears to captor in vision and demands prisoner‘s release. (Cf. R165.) Irish myth: Cross.
R121.6.2. Locks marvelously open for person. Irish myth: Cross (F1088.4); Jewish: Neuman.
R121.7. Lovers ransomed from prison. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
R121.8. Fairy mound destroyed to rescue person confined in it. Irish myth: *Cross.
R121.9. Stream carries communication between prisoner and rescuer. Irish myth: Cross.
R121.10. With her teeth woman files away chain tying up husband. India: Thompson-Balys.
R122. Miraculous rescue. Irish myth: Cross.
R122.1. Prisoner whirled away in blaze of fire. Irish myth: Cross.
R122.2. Prisoner carried off in cloud. (Cf. D2121.7.) Irish myth: Cross.
R123. Boon granted after prayer and widow’s son is released from prison. India: Thompson-Balys.
R130. Rescue of abandoned or lost persons.
R131. Exposed or abandoned child rescued. Gaster Oldest Stories 171; Icelandic: *Boberg; Irish myth: *Cross; Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish: Espinosa II No. 19, Espinosa Jr. Nos. 138 – 41; India: *Thompson-Balys.
R131.0.1. Nurse begs alms from door to door so as to keep child and nurture him. India: Thompson-Balys.
R131.0.2. Miraculous rescue of all exposed children. Jewish: Neuman.
R131.1. Hunter rescues abandoned child. *Type 930; *Aarne FFC XXIII 56, 59; Missouri French: Carrière; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Greek: Fox 22 (Telephos), 57 (Atalanta).
R131.2. Miller rescues abandoned child. *Types 707, 930; BP II 380ff.; *Aarne FFC XXIII 61; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. No. 116.
R131.2.1. Miller rescues drowning princess. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
R131.3. Herdsman rescues abandoned child. (Cf. S351.2.) India: Thompson-Balys.
R131.3.1. Shepherd rescues abandoned child. (Cf. N841.) *Type 930; Hartland Perseus III 3 ff.; *Aarne FFC XXIII 56ff.; Dickson 101, 170; *Nutt FLR IV 1ff. – Roman: Fox 307 (Romulus and Remus); Italian Novella: Rotunda; Greek: Longus Daphnis and Chloe, Fox 43 (Zethos and Amphion), 48 (Oedipus), 118 (Paris).
R131.3.2. Goatherd rescues abandoned child. Greek: Fox 280.
R131.3.3. Cowherd rescues abandoned child. Irish myth: *Cross; MacCulloch Celtic 74; English: Wells 20 (William of Palerne); Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 338 n. 1.
R131.3.3.1. Person pushed into well by wife rescued by cowherd. India: Thompson-Balys.
R131.3.4. Swineherd rescues abandoned child. Irish myth: *Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys.
R131.4. Fisher rescues abandoned child. *Types 707, 930; BP II 380ff.; *Boje 65, 126; *Aarne FFC XXIII 62; English: Wells 14 (The Lay of Havelok); Italian Novella: Rotunda.
R131.5. Servant rescues abandoned child. Irish myth: *Cross, Icelandic: Gunnlaugs saga Ormstungu ch. 3, Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
R131.6. Peasant rescues abandoned child. Icelandic: Boberg; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. No. 139; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Babylonian: Spence 17, 157; India: *Thompson-Balys.
R131.7. Merchant rescues abandoned child. (Cf. N851.) Dickson 104 n. 13; Jewish: *Neuman.
R131.8. Other workmen rescue abandoned child.
R131.8.1. Horse-keeper rescues abandoned child. Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 82 n. 2.
Gardener rescues abandoned child. India: *Thompson-Balys; Palaung tribe: Scott Indo-Chinese 276.
R131.8.3. Washerman rescues abandoned child. Palaung tribe: Scott Indo-Chinese 277.
R131.8.4. Smith rescues abandoned child. (Cf. N855.) Krappe Balor 3; Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: De la Saussaye 143.
R131.8.5. Forester rescues abandoned child. *Boje 125ff.; Sparnaay 43; Chinese: Ferguson 41.
R131.8.6. Potter rescues abandoned child(ren). India: *Thompson-Balys.
R131.8.7. Gold-washer rescues abandoned child. India: *Thompson-Balys.
R131.8.8. Barber rescues and befriends abandoned boy. India: Thompson-Balys.
R131.9. Porter rescues abandoned child. English: Wells 126 (Lai Le Freine).
R131.10. Hermit rescues abandoned child. (Cf. N843, R169.2.) English: Wells 96 (Chevalere Assigne); Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys.
R131.10.1. Woman disguised as hermit rescues abandoned child. (Cf. K1837.3.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
R131.11. Exalted person rescues abandoned child. Dickson 170.
R131.11.1. Princess rescues abandoned child. Sparnaay 33; Dickson 37, 170; Jewish: *Neuman; China: Eberhard FFC CXX 99ff. No. 58, FFC CXXVIII 76f. No. 34.
R131.11.2. King rescues abandoned child. Dickson 170 n. 24; Italian: Basile Pentamerone III No. 2; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
R131.11.3. Prince rescues abandoned child. Italian: Basile Pentamerone V No. 8.
R131.11.4. Deity rescues abandoned child. India: Thompson-Balys.
R131.11.5. Minister’s son recovers prince‘s lost wife for him. India: Thompson-Balys.
R131.12. Fairy rescues abandoned child. (Cf. F311.) Krappe Balor 3; Irish myth: Cross.
R131.13. Palmer rescues abandoned child. (Cf. N846.1.) English: Wells 118 *(Octovian).
R131.14. Sailors rescue abandoned child. Italian: Basile Pentamerone III No. 2.
R131.15. Children abandoned in a boat survive storm and are rescued. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
R131.16. Angel rescues abandoned child. Jewish: Neuman.
R131.17. Coyote rescues abandoned child(ren). N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 89.
R131.18. Pious woman rescues abandoned child. Irish myth: Cross.
R131.19. Bard (poet) rescues abandoned child. Irish myth: *Cross.
R131.20. Indians rescue abandoned children. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
R133. Vanished wife rescued.
R133.1. Hero finds his vanished wife and disenchants her. India: Thompson-Balys.
R133.2. Lost wife restored by conjurer. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 246.
R135. Abandoned children (wife, etc.) find way back by clue (bread-crumb, grain, pebble, etc.). They have dropped the objects while being led away. *Types 327, 431, 620, 955; *BP I 115ff., 124, 370; Köhler-Bolte I 134; *Penzer III 104 n. 2; Fb “ært” III 1153b, “gryn” IV 187a; *Saintyves Perrault 310. – Irish myth: Cross; Italian: Basile Pentamerone V No. 8; Japanese: Ikeda; Indonesia: *Dixon 227 n. 35, DeVries’s list No. 147; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 442; Lkuñgen: Hill-Tout JAI XXXVII 334; S. A. Indian (Warrau): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 145; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 120.
R135.0.1. Stolen wife makes trail of speaking spittle for husband. Spittle speaks and directs him. Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 263 No. 67.
R135.0.2. Trail of grain (seeds). (Cf. R267.) India: *Thompson-Balys.
R135.0.2.1. Trail of rice husks. India: *Thompson-Balys.
R135.0.3. Trail of jewels. India: *Thompson-Balys.
R135.0.4. Trail of shreds of dress. India: *Thompson-Balys.
R135.0.5. Trail of thread. India: *Thompson-Balys.
R135.0.6. Trail of ashes. India: *Thompson-Balys.
R135.0.7. Trail of flowers. India: Thompson-Balys.
R135.1. Crumb (grain) trail eaten by birds. Lost persons cannot find way back. *Types 327, 431; Missouri French: Carrière; Japanese: Ikeda.
R135.1.1. Feathers left to mark trail blown away by wind. S. A. Indian (Warrau): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 145.
R137. Mermaid rescues heroine who has been thrown overboard. (Cf. B81.) Italian: Basile Pentamerone IV No. 7; India: Thompson-Balys.
R138. Rescue from shipwreck. Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys.
R138.1. Mermaid rescues hero (boy) from shipwreck. Icelandic: Lagerholm 164f., Boberg.
R138.2. Gam rescues hero as boy from shipwreck. Icelandic: Lagerholm 163 – 164.
R141. Rescue from well. India: *Thompson-Balys.
R142. Exposed children swallowed by earth; vomited up when grown. (Cf. F900.) Jewish: Neuman.
R143. Abandoned man befriended by a Centaur. (Cf. B21.) Greek: Grote I 109.
R150. Rescuers. Missouri French: Carrière.
R151. Husband rescues wife. Irish myth: Cross.
R151.1. Husband rescues stolen wife. (Cf. H1385.3, R11.1.) Krappe Revue Celtique XLVIII (1931) 94 – 123; Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 46 No. 316; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 342 n. 235; Africa (Ila, Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 399 No. 1.
R151.1.1. Husband frees wife who has sold herself into slavery in order to ransom him. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
R151.2. Husband rescues wife from burning at stake. (Cf. R175.) *Dickson 78.
R151.3. Husband rescues wife from cannibal. (Cf. G10.) Chinese: Graham.
R152. Wife rescues husband. Type 316; Missouri French: Carrière; Greek: Grote I 462f.; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
R152.1. Disguised wife helps husband escape from prison. (Cf. R121.) *Types 880, 888, 890; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Italian Novella: Rotunda; West Indies: Flowers 521.
R152.2. Woman disguised as man sells herself into slavery in order to ransom (free) her husband (lover). (Cf. K1837.) Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
R152.3. Wives change clothes with their imprisoned husbands when allowed to visit them. Husbands escape. Greek: Grote I 463.
R152.4. Wife gets back her husband from land of serpents by charming him with her beautiful dance. India: Thompson-Balys.
R152.5. Transformed wife takes husband out of captivity. India: Thompson-Balys.
R153. Parents rescues child. (Cf. S351.)
R153.1. Parents rescue son.
R153.1.1. Parents rescue son from lower world on rope. Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 86 No. 13.
R153.2. Father rescues children.
R153.2.1. Father hides children from murderous mother. After many years they come forth and she dies of fright. *Type 765.
R153.3. Father rescues son(s). Icelandic: Lagerholm 170ff., *Boberg.
R153.3.1. Father rescues son captured by enemy. Type 899*; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
R153.3.2. Father rescues son stolen by animals. Africa (Bushmen, South of Zambesi): Theal 56.
R153.3.3. Old robber frees his three sons: relates frightful adventures. In order to free them he must relate three adventures, each more frightful than the last. *Type 953; *BP III 369; Wesselski Märchen 217 No. 29.
R153.3.4. Father rescues son from prison. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
R153.3.5. Fathers thrust sons above water even as they themselves drown. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
R153.3.6. Father hides son from Satan. Jewish: Neuman.
R153.4. Mother rescues son.
R153.4.1. Mother rescues fettered son. Icelandic: Boberg.
R153.4.2. Mother hides twin (triplet) sons to keep them from death. (Cf. S314.) Africa (Fang): Tessman 90, Einstein 56.
R153.5. Father rescues daughter. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Lagerholm 134ff., *Boberg; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 85, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 584, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 164.
R154. Children rescue parents. India: Thompson-Balys.
R154.0.1. Children rescue mother from lion’s den. Dickson 57 n. 75.
R154.1. Son rescues mother. Irish myth: *Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 207.
R154.1.1. Son rescues mother from burning at stake. (Cf. R175.) *Dickson 128ff. nn. 98, 99.
R154.2. Son rescues father. Type 301C*; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys.
R154.2.1. Son frees father by bringing riddle the king cannot solve. (Cf. H542.) Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 112 No. 927*B.
R154.2.2. Son recovers father‘s bones. Hawaii: Beckwith myth 259, 263, 346f.; Tahiti: ibid. 266; Maori: ibid. *249.
R154.2.3. Sons rescue father. India: Thompson-Balys.
R154.3. Daughter rescues father. Rumania: Schullerus FFC LXXVIII No. 879*; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys.
R155. Brothers rescue brothers. Icelandic: *Boberg; Missouri French: Carrière; India: Thompson-Balys.
R155.1. Youngest brother rescues his elder brothers. (Cf. L31.) *Types 303, 303*, 327**, 471, 551; MacCulloch Childhood 353; *BP I 503ff., 528ff. – Icelandic: *Boberg; Missouri French: Carrière; Arabian: Burton Nights S V 249; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Indonesia: DeVries’s list No. 182; N. A. Indian (Arapaho): Dorsey and Kroeber FM V 23ff. Nos. 10, 11, (Dakota): Wissler JAFL XX 199, (Chinook): Boas BBAE XXV 9ff. Nos. 1, 2, (Quinault): Farrand JE II 114 No. 10, (Caddo): Dorsey CI XLI 58ff. Nos. 32, 33, (Klikitat): Jacobs U Wash II 7; Africa (Thonga): Junod 229, (Fjort): Dennett 64 No. 12.
R155.2. Elder brother rescues younger. India: Thompson-Balys.
R156. Brother rescues sister(s). (Cf. G551.1.) Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Spanish: Espinosa II No. 18; Greek: Grote I 156; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.
R157. Sisters rescue sisters. (Cf. G551.2.)
R157.1. Youngest sister rescues elder. (Cf. L50.) *Type 311; *BP I 398ff.; *Roberts 219.
R158. Sister rescues brother(s). *Type 707; Icelandic: *Boberg; Rumanian: Schullerus FFC LXXVII No. 879*; India: *Thompson-Balys.
R161. Lover rescues his lady. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; West Indies: Flowers 571.
R161.0.1. Hero rescued by his lady. Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
R161.1. Lover rescues his lady from abductor. Irish myth: *Cross; English: Wells 80 (Sir Tristrem); India: Thompson-Balys.
R161.2. Princess rescued by blind man restores his sight and marries him. India: Thompson-Balys.
R161.3. Lover rescues his lady from drowning. Icelandic: *Boberg.
R161.4. Lover rescues his lady from the gallows. England, U.S.: *Baughman, Child No. 95.
R162. Rescue by captor‘s daughter (wife, mother). Types 516, 975**; *Rösch FFC LXXVII 102; *Loomis White Magic 117; Basset RTP XVI 614; Irish myth: Cross; English: Wells 85 (The Sowdone of Babylone); Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus II 135 n. 3 (Ariadne); India: *Thompson-Balys.
R163. Rescue by grateful dead man. (Cf. E341.) *Types 505 – 508; **Liljeblad passim; India: Thompson-Balys.
R164. Rescue by giant. (Cf. G100.) India: Thompson-Balys.
R164.1. Giant rescues maiden. Dickson 154.
R164.2. Giant rescues woman from burning at stake. (Cf. R175.) *Dickson 130 n. 102.
R165. Rescue by saint (holy man). (Cf. R121.6.) Alphabet No. 560; *Loomis White Magic 93; Irish: Plummer cxlix, *Cross.
R165.1. Rescue of poor girl by St. Nicholas. Saint keeps her from being sold into slavery. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
R165.2. Innocently hanged person saved by saint. Icelandic: Boberg.
R165.3. Abducted wife brought back by fakir. India: Thompson-Balys.
R166. Brothers having extraordinary skill rescue princess. *Type 653; BP III 45ff.; *Köhler-Bolte I 198, 439; Italian: Basile Pentamerone V No. 7; Japanese: Ikeda.
R167. Master rescues disciple. India: Thompson-Balys.
R168. Angels as rescuers. Irish myth: Cross (R169.12); Jewish: *Neuman.
R169. Other rescuers.
R169.1. Hero in disguise of foolish knight, then of black knight, rescues lady. (Cf. R222.) English: Wells 147 (Ipomadon).
R169.2. Boys rescued from beasts by hermit. (Cf. N843, R131.10.) Dickson 105.
R169.3. Boy saved by werwolf. (Cf. D113.1.1.) English: Wells 19 (William of Palerne).
R169.4. Hero rescued by servant. (Cf. P361, R53.4.) *Type 519, 851; India: Thompson-Balys.
R169.4.1. Rescue of bride from mysterious perils by hidden faithful servant. Type 516; *Rösch FFC LXXVII 128; India: *Thompson-Balys.
R169.4.2. Rescue of king’s children by faithful servant. Icelandic: Boberg.
R169.5. Hero rescued by friend. Icelandic: *Boberg.
R169.5.1. Hero‘s wife rescued by his faithful friend. India: Thompson-Balys.
R169.6. Youth saved from death sentence by father’s friend. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
R169.7. Royal minister rescues abandoned queen(s). (Cf. P110.) India: Thompson-Balys.
R169.8. Predestined rescuer. South Africa: Bourhill and Drake 237ff. No. 20.
R169.9. Boy rescued by childless woman. Africa (Fang): Tessman 91.
R169.10. Unpromising hero as rescuer. (Cf. L100.) India: Thompson-Balys.
R169.10.1. Fool rescues girl and wins her for his wife. India: Thompson-Balys.
R169.11. Unknown helper(s) emerge(s) in the last moment and turn(s) out later to be well known. (Cf. R222.) Icelandic: *Boberg.
R169.12. Hero rescued by sailors. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
R169.13. Child rescued by nurse. Irish myth: *Cross.
R169.14. Wounded hero restored in peasant‘s house. Icelandic: Boberg.
R169.15. Rescue by stranger. India: Thompson-Balys.
R169.16. Death as rescuer. (Cf. R185.) Africa (Dahomé): Einstein 27.
R170. Rescue – miscellaneous motifs.
R175. Rescue at the stake. (Cf. R151.2, R154.1.1, R164.2, R215.) *Dickson 78 n. 40; *Boje 116ff.; English: Wells 97 (Chevalere Assigne); Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; West Indies: Flowers 572.
R175.1. Escape from sacrificial altar on ram with golden fleece. Greek: Grote I 117.
R176. Executioner miraculously blinded: condemned man saved. Jewish: *bin Gorion Born Judas@2 I 39, 361, Neuman.
R181. Demon enclosed in bottle released. *Type 331; *BP II 414ff., IV 321; Jewish: Neuman, **Levi Revue des Études Juives LXXXV 137; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda.
R181.1. Demon imprisoned in tree released. India: Thompson-Balys.
R182. True rescuer hidden by girl when he arrives to claim her. India: Thompson-Balys.
R185. Mortal fights with “Death”. (Cf. R169.16.) *BP III 293; Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 92 n. 3, Fox 38, 107 (Alcestis, Sisyphus); India: Thompson-Balys.
R185.1. Mortal deceives Angel of Death. (Cf. V233.) Jewish: Neuman.
R187. Horn of Roncevalles. Hero calls aid of waiting soldiers on horn. *Thien Motive 32; Old French: Chanson de Roland.
R187.1. Dord fían. A call used by members of a fían (warrior band) for summoning aid. Irish myth: Cross.
R188. Rescued person horrifies rescuers: e.g., they swoon on seeing him. Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 2. and note.
R191. King (prince) returns home (from exile) and rescues his native country. Icelandic: *Boberg.

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