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Prevuius group

Group No. 207


Letter

Q. Rewards and punishments

Group No.

Q500 – Q549

Group name

Kinds of punishment II

Description

Q500. Q500. Tedious punishments.
 
Q501. Q501. Unremitting torture as punishment.
 
Q501.1. Q501.1. Punishment of Sisyphus. Must keep rolling a great stone up hill. It continually falls down. Reinach Revue Archéologique 1903 (4) Series I 154ff.; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 78 n. 3.
 
Q501.2. Q501.2. Punishment of Tantalus. Stands in a pool that ever recedes from his thirsty lips; branches of fruit spring away from him; stone over his head continually threatens to fall. Reinach Revue Archéologique 1903 (4) series I 154ff.; *Frazer Pausanias V 392; Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus II 154 n. 2; Jewish: *Neuman.
 
Q501.2.1. Q501.2.1. When hungry man tries to gather fruit it flies out of his reach. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
Q501.2.2. Q501.2.2. Punishment: delicious food always fills with maggots just as man is about to eat it. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
Q501.3. Q501.3. Punishment of Loki. A serpent above him continually drops venom in his face. Icelandic: Boberg.
 
Q501.4. Q501.4. Punishment of Prometheus. Chained to a mountain with eagle preying on his vitals, which are restored nightly. (Punishment for theft of fire.) Greek: *W. Schmid Untersuchungen zum gefesselten Prometheus (Stuttgart, 1929), Fox 13, *Frazer Apollodorus I 228 n. 2; Jewish: Neuman.
 
Q501.5. Q501.5. Punishment of Ixion. Lashed to a wheel which revolves continually. Greek: Fox 144, *Frazer Apollodorus II 148 n. 1.
 
Q501.6. Q501.6. Punishment of Io. Transformed to cow with gadfly ceaselessly pursuing. Greek: Fox 29.
 
Q501.7. Q501.7. Unremittent thirst as punishment. Irish myth: Cross.
 
Q501.7.1. Q501.7.1. Salt food without drink as punishment for man who accepts Christianity. (Cf. Q232.) Irish myth: Cross.
 
Q501.8. Q501.8. Ceaseless humming (singing) as punishment for immoderate request. (Cf. Q338.) Irish myth: *Cross.
 
Q501.9. Q501.9. Spirit in hell must bathe people endlessly. (Cf. Q578.) Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
Q502. Q502. Wandering as a punishment.
 
Q502.1. Q502.1. The Wandering Jew. Ceaseless wandering with inability to die as punishment for blasphemy. (Cf. Q221.3.) Type 754**; **L. Neubaur Die Sage vom Ewigen Jude@2 (Leipzig, 1893); **Zirus Ahasverus, der Ewige Jude (Stoff- und Motivgeschichte der deutschen Literatur No. 6 [Berlin, 1930]); Gielen de Wandelende Jood (Amsterdam, 1931); *K. Nyrop Den evige Jøde (København, 1907); **Neubaur Zs. f. Vksk. XXII 33, Zentralblatt für Bibliothekswesen XXVIII 495ff.; *Dübe Zs. F. Vksk. XVII 143; *Bolte ibid. XIX 308; G. Paris. Légendes du moyen âge@2 (1904) 149ff.; *Fb “Jerusalems skomager” II 40, IV 246a; *Wehrhan 50; Taylor MLN XXXIII 394ff.; Anderson Journal of English and Germanic Philology XLVI 367 – 82; Braddy California Folklore Quarterly IV 82f.; Bagatti Franciscan Studies IX 1 – 9. – Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 105 No. 933; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 778*; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV No. 754*.
 
Q502.2. Q502.2. Punishment: wandering till iron shoes are worn out. *Types 400, 425; *BP II 272; Missouri French: Carrière; Italian: Basile Pentamerone V No. 4.
 
Q502.3. Q502.3. Tribe’s long wandering in wilderness as punishment. Jewish: Neuman.
 
Q503. Q503. Wandering after death as punishment.
 
Q503.1. Q503.1. Skull of suicide must roll in dust until it has saved a life. Man uses the skull to kill an owl that was about to kill a rabbit; thus after 777 years of rolling it has saved a life and is freed. (Cf. Q211.5.) Köhler-Bolte I 406.
 
Q511. Q511. Punishment: carrying corpse of murdered man. (Cf. Q211.) RTP II 267, VIII 586; FL IX 375ff. No. 3; Zs. f. österreichische Volkskunde VII 197; Irish myth: *Cross.
 
Q511.1. Q511.1. Punishment: carrying corpse of murdered man until stone as long as murdered man is found. This is to be put on the grave. Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 72, Cross.
 
Q511.2. Q511.2. Punishment: carrying corpse of murdered man until another can be induced to take it. Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 66 No. 9.
 
Q512. Q512. Punishment: performing impossible task. (Cf. H1010.)
 
Q512.0.1. Q512.0.1. Performing impossible task as punishment for murder. (Cf. Q211.) Irish myth: Cross.
 
Q512.1. Q512.1. Punishment: filling leaky vessels with water from a bottomless jar. (Cf. H1023.2.) Greek: Fox 31.
 
Q512.2. Q512.2. Punishment: binding together sand and string. (Cf. H1021.1.) Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 304 No. 24.
 
Q512.3. Q512.3. Punishment: ridding country of pests. Irish myth: *Cross.
 
Q520. Q520. Penances. *Types 756ABC; *BP III 463; **Andrejev FFC LIV, LXIX 126ff., 234ff.; *Toldo II 87; Irish: Beal XXI 316, *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.
 
Q520.0.1. Q520.0.1. Substitutions for penances. Irish myth: *Cross.
 
Q520.1. Q520.1. Murderer does penance. (Cf. Q171.1.1, Q211.) *Types 756BC; **Andrejev FFC LIV, LXIX 85, 118ff., 238ff.; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
Q520.2. Q520.2. Robber does penance. (Cf. Q212.) *Types 756B; **Andrejev FFC LXIX 81, 118ff., 236ff; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
 
Q520.3. Q520.3. Life-long penance for brother-sister marriage. *Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XXVIII 75.
 
Q520.4. Q520.4. King who loved to give death sentence accepts penance of always postponing sentence until thirty days period of examination has passed. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
Q520.5. Q520.5. Penance in wilderness as punishment for men who left holy orders to marry. (Cf. Q226.) Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
Q520.6. Q520.6. Warrior retires to a cloister which he later defends against robbers. Icelandic: Boberg.
 
Q521. Q521. Tedious penances. (Cf. H1110, Q500.)
 
Q521.1. Q521.1. Doing penance till green leaves grow on a dry branch. *Types 756ABC; *BP III 463; **Andrejev FFC LIV 34, LXIX 126, 129ff., 241ff.; Irish: O’Suilleabhain 49; Spanish: Espinosa II Nos. 79f., Espinosa Jr. No. 186; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 143.
 
Q521.1.1. Q521.1.1. Penance: crawling on knees and watering a dry staff until it blooms. Types 756BC; **Andrejev FFC LIV 34, LXIX 132; *BP III 471 n. 1; Scala Celi 136a No. 755; Alphabet No. 568.
 
Q521.1.2. Q521.1.2. Penance: carrying water in mouth from a distance and watering dry staff until it blooms. *Types 756BC; **Andrejev FFC LIV 34, LXIX 133; *BP III 471 n. 1.
 
Q521.2. Q521.2. Penance: carrying bag of stones (one for each murder) on the back until it falls off. (Cf. Q211.) *Type 756C; *Andrejev FFC LIV 35.
 
Q521.3. Q521.3. Penance: carrying iron hoop on head until it falls off. *Types 756C; *Andrejev FFC LIV 35.
 
Q521.4. Q521.4. Penance: pasturing black sheep until they become white. *Types 756C; *Andrejev FFC LIV 35.
 
Q521.5. Q521.5. Penance: ferryman setting people over a stream until relieved by another. *Types 460, 461; *Aarne FFC XXIII 138.
 
Q521.6. Q521.6. Penance: holding midnight mass until someone will make responses. *Sébillot RTP X 584, XIII 179, XV 621; Ireland: Baughman, O’Suilleabhain 27, Beal XXI 308; Spanish: Espinosa II Nos. 70f.
 
Q521.7. Q521.7. Penance to be done until seven spires of Benares are reduced to powder and rebuilt. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
Q522. Q522. Self-torture as penance. *Andrejev FFC LXIX 127, 156.
 
Q522.1. Q522.1. Self-crucifixion as penance. (Cf. Q462.) *Andrejev FFC LXIX 156f.
 
Q522.2. Q522.2. Penance: killing oneself with wooden knife. *Andrejev FFC LXIX 156.
 
Q522.3. Q522.3. Penance: creeping naked through thorns. *Type 756B; *Andrejev FFC LXIX 127; Hdwb. d. Märchens I 202a; Irish: O‘Suilleabhain 44, Beal XXI 316; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
Q522.4. Q522.4. Penance: pilgrimage with hands and loins weighted with iron. Child II 128.
 
Q522.5. Q522.5. Penance: iron band forged round a man’s waist. Child I 172.
 
Q522.6. Q522.6. Penance: hanging for a thousand years head downward over a fire of chaff. Hindu: Keith 168.
 
Q522.7. Q522.7. Penance: wearing friar‘s cord about bare skin. Heptameron No. 41.
 
Q522.8. Q522.8. Penance: man wears huge serpent coiled around him in lieu of clothing. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
Q523. Q523. Humiliating penances. (Cf. Q470.)
 
Q523.1. Q523.1. Penance: crawling to Rome on knees. *Andrejev FFC LXIX 127.
 
Q523.1.1. Q523.1.1. Penance: crawling to grave on knees. Irish: O’Suilleabhain 48.
 
Q523.2. Q523.2. Penance: walking on all-fours like beast. Herbert III 131, 339, 465, 571; *Williams 10; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
Q523.3. Q523.3. Penance: eating food offered to dogs. *Dickson 257 n. 80; English: Wells 136 (Sir Gowther); Irish: Beal XXI 330; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 86 No. 756B.
 
Q523.4. Q523.4. Penance: living under stairs as mendicant. *Dickson 255 n. 77; Alphabet No. 600 (Alexius).
 
Q523.5. Q523.5. Penance: planting garden and offering free hospitality to all. (Cf. Q481.) *Type 756C; *Andrejev FFC LIV.
 
Q523.6. Q523.6. Penance: slain cats, dogs, etc. to be hung up and covered with grain by man who has killed them. Köhler-Bolte I 261.
 
Q523.7. Q523.7. Penance: seven years‘ service for seven days’ neglect of religious duty. (Cf. Q223.) Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas@2 I 179f., 374.
 
Q523.8. Q523.8. Penance: performing all services asked for by anyone. Klapper Erzählungen des Mittelalters 112 No. 101.
 
Q523.9. Q523.9. Penance: king to take off crown and lick spittle from ground. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
Q523.10. Q523.10. Penance: fasting in sackcloth and ashes. Jewish: *Neuman.
 
Q524. Q524. Fearful penances. Irish myth: Cross.
 
Q524.1. Q524.1. Penance: spending lonely night in cave. Irish myth: *Cross.
 
Q524.2. Q524.2. Penance: lying the first night with every corpse brought to certain church. Irish myth: *Cross.
 
Q525. Q525. Dangerous penances. Irish myth: Cross.
 
Q525.1. Q525.1. Penance: staying on rock in dashing sea. Irish myth: Cross.
 
Q526. Q526. Pilgrimage as penance. Irish myth: *Cross.
 
Q527. Q527. Penance: inviting one Brahmin for dinner every Wednesday. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
Q535. Q535. Negative penances. Irish myth: Cross.
 
Q535.1. Q535.1. Penance: not to speak. *Krappe Balor 181ff.; *Toldo II 91; *Dickson 255 nn. 76, 77; English: Wells 136 (Sir Gowther); Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 86 No. 756B, Keller.
 
Q535.2. Q535.2. Penance: lioness foregoes meat. Her two cubs are killed. The jackal tells her that he has had the same experience. She gives up eating meat and lives on grass. Chauvin II 105 No. 68; Bødker Exempler 302 No. 71; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
Q535.3. Q535.3. Refraining from sexual intercourse as penance. (Cf. C110.) Irish myth: Cross.
 
Q535.4. Q535.4. Lone fasting as penance. Jewish: Neuman.
 
Q537. Q537. Penance: resisting temptation. (Cf. T330.)
 
Q537.1. Q537.1. Penance: adulteress masks as monk and lives chastely in monastery. (Cf. Q241.) Toldo Zs. f. Vksk. XIV 52 (St. Theodora).
 
Q537.2. Q537.2. Cleric tempts self among beautiful women, lives chastely. Irish myth: Cross.
 
Q541. Q541. Sitting (standing) in uncomfortable position as penance.
 
Q541.1. Q541.1. Penance: sitting in water. *Dickson 91f. nn. 57 – 69; *Toldo II 94f.; Irish myth: *Cross.
 
Q541.1.1. Q541.1.1. Standing in (Jordan and Tigris) rivers as penance (by Adam and Eve). (Cf. A1331.) Irish myth: *Cross.
 
Q541.2. Q541.2. Penance: standing in water for forty days. Dh I 228ff.; Irish: O‘Suilleabhain 49, Beal XXI 318.
 
Q541.3. Q541.3. Penance: Gregory on the stone. Standing on a stone (pillar) as penance for incest. (Cf. Q242, T415.) *Type 933; Köhler-Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. VI 173 to Gonzenbach No. 85; *Baum PMLA XXXI 562 n. 59; *Toldo II 89.
 
Q541.4. Q541.4. Penance: keeping self suspended on two iron hooks placed under armpits. Irish myth: *Cross.
 
Q541.5. Q541.5. Penance: staying for ten months rooted to one spot, with eyes closed, while birds build nests in one’s hair. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
Q542. Q542. Penance: giving all earnings to poor. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 86 No. 756B.
 
Q544. Q544. Penance: being locked in cellar (well) with key thrown into water. *Type 756B; *Andrejev FFC LXIX 127, 248.
 
Q545. Q545. Murderer‘s penance complete when he kills a greater murderer and prevents a crime. (Cf. Q211.) *Type 756C; **Andrejev FFC LIV; Wesselski Archiv Orientální II 39ff.

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