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Prevuius group

Group No. 206


Q. Rewards and punishments

Group No.

Q400 – Q499

Group name

Kinds of punishment I


Q400. Q400. Kinds of punishment – general. *Child V 492 s.v. “punishments”; Irish myth: Cross.
Q401. Q401. Chain of punishments. Horse must break leg, since he has broken leg of man who broke leg of dog which bit leg of fox. *Wesselski Hessische Blätter f. Vksk. XXXII 21.
Q402. Q402. Punishment of children for parents‘ offenses. Jewish: Neuman.
Q403. Q403. Punishment not meted out to persons below twenty years. Jewish: *Neuman.
Q404. Q404. Punishment comes in seventh generation. Jewish: *Neuman.
Q410. Q410. Capital punishment. Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
Q411. Q411. Death as punishment. (Cf. Q455, Q456, Q458.2, Q558, Q582.) F. Ström On the Sacral Origin of the Germanic Death Penalties (Stockholm, 1942); *Roberts 211; Irish myth: *Cross; Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. Nos. 108, 133, 141; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 556; S. A. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 120; Africa (Wakweli): Bender 43.
Q411.0.1. Q411.0.1. Husband kills returning adulteress. (Cf. Q241.) Italian Novella: Rotunda; Maori: Dixon 80.
Q411.0.1.1. Q411.0.1.1. Adulterer killed. Irish myth: *Cross.
Q411.0.1.2. Q411.0.1.2. Man (fairy) kills wife‘s lover. Irish myth: *Cross.
Q411.0.1.3. Q411.0.1.3. Faithless wife (mistress) seized by husband’s (lover‘s) poet, who leaps to death with her in his arms. Irish myth: Cross.
Q411.0.1.4. Q411.0.1.4. Death for repeated adultery. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1369.
Q411.0.2. Q411.0.2. Husband kills wife and paramour. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q411.1. Q411.1. Punishment: winning as wife and then killing. Type 956B; *BP I 373.
Q411.2. Q411.2. Undesired suitor hiding under girl’s bed is killed. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q411.2.1. Q411.2.1. Undesired suitor killed asleep in his tent. Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Judith and Holofernes.
Q411.3. Q411.3. Death of father (son, etc.) as punishment. Irish myth: *Cross.
Q411.4. Q411.4. Death as punishment for treachery. Irish myth: *Cross.
Q411.4.1. Q411.4.1. Man killed at once for treacherously slaying overlord. Irish myth: Cross.
Q411.4.2. Q411.4.2. Woman who disrobes to attract attention of hostile fighter killed. Irish myth: *Cross.
Q411.5. Q411.5. Hero kills mutilators of girl. Irish myth: Cross.
Q411.6. Q411.6. Death as punishment for murder. (Cf. Q211.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q411.7. Q411.7. Death as punishment for ravisher. (Cf. Q244.) Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q411.8. Q411.8. A man in every house in the land killed as punishment for abduction by their king. Irish myth: Cross.
Q411.9. Q411.9. Death as punishment for reproach concerning physical deformity (blemish). (Cf. Q284.) Irish myth: *Cross.
Q411.10. Q411.10. Death as punishment for impudence. (Cf. Q326.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q411.10.1. Q411.10.1. Man killed because of scornful singing. (Cf. Q391.) Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q411.11. Q411.11. Death as punishment for desecration of holy places (images, etc.). (Cf. Q222.) Irish myth: *Cross.
Q411.11.1. Q411.11.1. Desecrating a sanctuary (saint’s house) by murder punished. Irish myth: *Cross.
Q411.11.2. Q411.11.2. Hanging as punishment for stealing from a church. Irish myth: *Cross.
Q411.12. Q411.12. Maidens slain in revenge for deaths of young men. Irish myth: *Cross.
Q411.13. Q411.13. Death as punishment for thievery. Irish myth: Cross.
Q411.13.1. Q411.13.1. Charge of theft avenged by assault. Icelandic: Boberg.
Q411.14. Q411.14. Death as punishment for spying on uncanny persons. Irish myth: Cross.
Q411.15. Q411.15. Death as punishment for dropping on emperor’s coat. Icelandic: FSS 125, 168 – 70, Boberg.
Q412. Q412. Punishment: millstone dropped on guilty person. *Type 720; BP I 412ff., *423; Liebrecht 296; *Fb “möllesten” II 650; Herrmann Saxo II 568 n. 2, Grimm Deutsche Rechtsalterthümer II 277. – Jewish: Neuman.
Q413. Q413. Punishment: hanging. *DeCock Volkssage 74; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 1438ff.; Irish: O‘Suilleabhain 107, Beal XXI 334; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Marquesas: Handy 63.
Q413.0.1. Q413.0.1. Threat of hanging. Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q413.1. Q413.1. Hanging as punishment for theft. (Cf. Q212.) *Fb “hænge” I 731b; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q413.2. Q413.2. Hanging as punishment for adultery. (Cf. Q241.) Icelandic: *Boberg; German: Grimm No. 4; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q413.3. Q413.3. Hanging as punishment for imposture. (Cf. Q262.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q413.4. Q413.4. Hanging as punishment for murder. (Cf. Q211.) Icelandic: *Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q413.5. Q413.5. Hanging as punishment for impudence. (Cf. Q326.) Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q413.5.1. Q413.5.1. Impudent suitor or his messenger hanged or threatened with hanging. Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q413.6. Q413.6. Hanging as punishment for denying pagan gods. (Cf. Q225.2.) Der Heiligen Leben und Leiden 101 (Santa Barbara).
Q413.7. Q413.7. Hanging as punishment for silence about hidden treasure. Icelandic: Boberg.
Q413.8. Q413.8. Hanging as punishment for treachery. (Cf. Q261.) Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q413.8.1. Q413.8.1. Hanging by one foot as punishment for treachery. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q414. Q414. Punishment: burning alive. **W. Foerster Der Feuertod als Strafe in der altfr. erzählenden Dichtung (Halle, 1913); *Fb “brænde” IV 69ab, “teglovn”; Dickson 74; Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 232; Alphabet No. 353; Grimm No. 3 (Type 710). – Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 20; Spanish: Keller, Espinosa Jr. Nos. 140, 161; Italian: Basile Pentamerone II No. 2, Rotunda; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 35 No. 22; S. A. Indian (Huamachuco): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 151; Africa (Luba): DeClerq ZsKS IV 222.
Q414.0.1. Q414.0.1. Burning as punishment for uxoricide. (Cf. Q211.3.) Africa (Fjort): Dennett 54 No. 19.
Q414.0.2. Q414.0.2. Burning as punishment for adultery. (Cf. Q241.) Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 229; Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 57 No. 425; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q414.0.3. Q414.0.3. Burning as punishment for incest (incontinence). (Cf. Q242, Q243.) Child II 41 – 48 passim, 113 – 25 passim, III 508b, V 292b; Irish myth: *Cross.
Q414.0.3.1. Q414.0.3.1. Burning monastery and monks in it as punishment for incontinence. Cent Nouvelles Nouvelles No. 32; Heptameron No. 31.
Q414.0.4. Q414.0.4. Burning as punishment for ravisher. (Cf. Q244.) Malone PMLA XLIII 406.
Q414.0.4.1. Q414.0.4.1. Ravisher’s grave and body miraculously burnt. Scala Celi 111a No. 619; Wright Latin Stories 112.
Q414.0.4.2. Q414.0.4.2. Burning as punishment for abductor. Irish myth: *Cross.
Q414.0.5. Q414.0.5. Burning as punishment for traitor. (Cf. Q261.) Icelandic: *Boberg; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “bûcher”; Missouri French: Carrière; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q414.0.5.1. Q414.0.5.1. Burning for traitor: unwittingly suggested by culprit. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q414.0.6. Q414.0.6. Burning as punishment for impostor. (Cf. Q262.) Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. No. 106; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Fjort): Dennett 130.
Q414.0.6.1. Q414.0.6.1. Burning as punishment for counterfeiting. (Cf. Q261.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q414.0.7. Q414.0.7. Innocent queen burned at stake. *Fb. “brænde” IV 69b.
Q414.0.8. Q414.0.8. Demons burn heretics at stake. (Cf. Q225.1.) Scala Celi 103b Nos. 555, 556.
Q414.0.9. Q414.0.9. Burning as punishment for betraying the confessional. (Cf. Q224.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q414.0.10. Q414.0.10. Burning for witchcraft. Icelandic: *Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q414.0.11. Q414.0.11. Burning for sodomy. (Cf. Q253.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q414.0.12. Q414.0.12. Burning as punishment for murder. (Cf. Q211.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Africa (Bankon): Ittman 100.
Q414.0.12.1. Q414.0.12.1. Woman saved from being burned as punishment for killing impudent suitor. Icelandic: FSS 240, Boberg.
Q414.0.13. Q414.0.13. Burning as punishment for fratricide. (Cf. Q211.9.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q414.1. Q414.1. Punishment: boiling in oil (lead, tar). DeCock Volkssage 80; Child II 312 n. 327, IV 480a, V 53, 56, 230; Icelandic: FSS 243; India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q414.1.1. Q414.1.1. Boiling in tar as punishment for impostor. (Cf. Q262.) Africa (Angola): Chatelain 49 version B.
Q414.2. Q414.2. Punishment: imprisonment in white-hot iron house. Irish myth: Cross (cf. also S112.6); Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 101.
Q414.3. Q414.3. Punishment: burning and scattering ashes. Italian: Basile Pentamerone V No. 9.
Q414.3.1. Q414.3.1. Punishment: crushing in rice mill and scattering ashes. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q414.4. Q414.4. Punishment: dancing to death in red-hot shoes. Type 709; *BP I 450ff., *464; *Loomis White Magic 118.
Q414.5. Q414.5. Punishment: king hung between two fires. Icelandic: Boberg.
Q414.6. Q414.6. Woman cast on husband‘s funeral pyre as punishment. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q415. Q415. Punishment: being eaten by animals. (Cf. Q453, Q557.) *DeCock Volkssage 88; Irish: O’Suilleabhain 46, Beal XXI 317.
Q415.0.1. Q415.0.1. Punishment: being eaten by demon. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q415.1. Q415.1. Punishment: being eaten by dogs. Eskimo: Thompson Tales 4, 272 n. 2.
Q415.1.1. Q415.1.1. Punishment: transformation to deer which is devoured by dogs. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 323 (Acteon).
Q415.1.2. Q415.1.2. Punishment: tying man to horses and setting vicious hounds after him. (Cf. Q416, S117.) Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 25.
Q415.2. Q415.2. Mice devour hard-hearted man. (Hatto and the Mouse Tower.) (Cf. Q291.) *Fb “rotte” III 83a; Veckenstedt (Veckenstedt‘s) Zs. f. Vksk. I (1888 – 9) 364ff.; **Beheim-Schwartzbach Die Mäusenturmsage von Popiel und Hatto (Posen, 1888); *Wehrhan Die Sage 51; *Liebrecht 1ff.; Jewish: Neuman.
Q415.3. Q415.3. Punishment: man eaten by worms (snake). Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 19 No. 180; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
Q415.3.1. Q415.3.1. Cobras placed in boxes and given to cruel parents, so that they are bitten. (Cf. Q285.) India: Thompson-Balys.
Q415.4. Q415.4. Punishment: being fed to lions (wild beasts). Italian Novella: *Rotunda; Jewish: Neuman.
Q415.5. Q415.5. Punishment: being devoured by tiger. India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q415.6. Q415.6. Bears devour the wicked. Jewish: *Neuman.
Q415.7. Q415.7. Wolves kill person for quenching holy fire. (Cf. Q222.) Irish myth: *Cross.
Q415.7.1. Q415.7.1. Wolves and birds eat bodies of slayers of poet. Irish myth: Cross.
Q415.8. Q415.8. Heretic preaching against God’s creation worried to death by fly. (Cf. Q225.) Spanish Exempla: Keller.
Q415.9. Q415.9. Punishment: being eaten by fish. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 3/1301); Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 504.
Q416. Q416. Punishment: drawing asunder by horses. (Cf. Q469.12.) Child V 157; BP I 306; Grimm Deutsche Rechtsalterthümer II 272; DeCock Volkssage 91. – Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: FSS 42, Boberg; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. Nos. 126, 143; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 331 n. I (Lycurgus); India: Thompson-Balys.
Q416.0.1. Q416.0.1. Quartering by horses as punishment for breaking betrothal. (Cf. Q252.) Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 136 No. 93.
Q416.0.2. Q416.0.2. Quartering by horses as punishment for murder. (Cf. Q211.3.) Icelandic: *Boberg; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q416.0.2.1. Q416.0.2.1. Quartering by horses as punishment for uxoricide. (Cf. Q211.3.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q416.0.3. Q416.0.3. Quartering by horses as punishment for impostor. (Cf. Q262.) Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q416.1. Q416.1. Punishment: trampling (kicking) to death by horses. East Gothic: De la Saussaye 135; Grimm Deutsche Rechtsalterthümer II 273; Liebrecht Orient und Occident II 270; G. Kurth Histoire poetique des Merovingiens 420ff. – Icelandic: *Boberg; Indonesia: Snouck-Hurgronje De Atjehers II 142.
Q416.1.1. Q416.1.1. Adulteress kicked to death by mule as punishment. (Cf. Q241.) *Fischer-Bolte 217.
Q416.2. Q416.2. Punishment: dragging to death by a horse. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges; Lithuanian: Balys Index Nos. 452*f., 481*; India: Thompson-Balys.
Q416.2.1. Q416.2.1. Punishment: drawing at the tails of horses. (Cf. S117.) Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.
Q416.2.2. Q416.2.2. Punishment: dragging to death tied to horns of a bull. Greek: Grote I 241.
Q416.3. Q416.3. Punishment: trampling by elephants. India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q416.3.1. Q416.3.1. Punishment: being gored to death by elephant. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q417. Q417. Punishment: dropping and dashing to pieces. (Cf. Q551.10.) Von Amira Sitzb. bair. Akad. XXXI (3) 136ff.; Irish myth: Cross; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 49 No. 327F*.
Q417.1. Q417.1. Murderess forced to leap from cliff. (Cf. Q211.) Irish myth: *Cross.
Q417.2. Q417.2. Traitor thrown into pit so that he sticks to the waist and is then chased out of the country. (Cf. Q261.) Icelandic: Boberg.
Q417.3. Q417.3. Bridge to world of dead cut from under wicked person so that he falls into hell. (Cf. F152.) India: Thompson-Balys.
Q418. Q418. Punishment by poisoning. (Cf. S111.) India: Thompson-Balys.
Q418.1. Q418.1. Murder of faithless wife with poisoned salad. (Cf. Q241.) Heptameron No. 36.
Q418.2. Q418.2. Venomous snake put into the mouth as punishment for murder of newborn children. (Cf. Q211.4.) Icelandic: Boberg.
Q421. Q421. Punishment: beheading. DeCock Volkssage 75; *Roberts 211; Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q421.0.1. Q421.0.1. Beheading as punishment for debt. (Cf. Q271.) *Fb “gjæld” I 448.
Q421.0.2. Q421.0.2. Beheading as punishment for adultery. (Cf. Q241.) Pauli (ed. Bolte) Nos. 229, 230; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys.
Q421.0.3. Q421.0.3. Beheading as punishment for rape. (Cf. Q244.) Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q421.0.4. Q421.0.4. Beheading as punishment for murder. (Cf. Q211.) Irish myth: *Cross; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q421.0.5. Q421.0.5. Beheading as punishment for mutilation. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q421.0.6. Q421.0.6. Beheading as punishment for incest. (Cf. Q242.) Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q421.0.7. Q421.0.7. Beheading as punishment for seduction. (Cf. Q243.2.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q421.0.8. Q421.0.8. Beheading for persecution of wife. (Cf. S410.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q421.1. Q421.1. Heads on stakes. Punishment by beheading and placing the heads on stakes. *Taylor Romanic Review IX 21ff.; *BP III 368, IV 113; *B. Lewis Classical Mythology and Arthurian Romance 107ff.; Child V 482 s.v. “heads”. – Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda; Africa: Frobenius Atlantis III 78; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 214 No. 73.
Q421.1.1. Q421.1.1. Head cut off and hung on tree outside village. India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q421.2. Q421.2. Man beheaded in place where he turned his back on saint. (Cf. Q227.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q421.3. Q421.3. Punishment: cutting throat. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q422. Q422. Punishment: stoning to death. (Cf. Q220.1.1.) Von Amira Sitzb. bair. Akad. XXXI (3) 155ff.; R. Hirzel Abh. sächs. Ges. der Wiss. Phil.-Hist. Klasse XXVII No. 7. – Icelandic: Corpus Poeticum Boreale I 344, *Boberg; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q422.0.1. Q422.0.1. Punishment: beating to death. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q423. Q423. Punishment: breaking upon a wheel. Von Amira Sitzb. bair. Akad. XXXI (3) 106ff.; Icelandic: Boberg; Irish myth: Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q424. Q424. Punishment: strangling. (Cf. Q469.5, S113.) *DeCock Volkssage 77; Marquesas: Handy 113, 129.
Q424.0.1. Q424.0.1. Strangling as punishment for murder. (Cf. Q211.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q424.1. Q424.1. King strangles falcon when it kills eagle. (Cf. Q211.6.) Köhler-Bolte I 583; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q424.2. Q424.2. Strangling as punishment for adultery. (Cf. Q241.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q424.3. Q424.3. Man strangles friar for attempting to seduce his wife. (Cf. Q243.2.1.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q425. Q425. Punishment: suffocating. (Cf. Q274.2.)
Q426. Q426. Wolf cut open and filled with stones as punishment. *Type 333; BP I 37, *40; Spanish: Espinosa III No. 212, Espinosa Jr. Nos. 32 – 34; Cape Verde Islands: *Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 312 n. 1.
Q426.1. Q426.1. Punishment for murder by fatal enema. (Cf. Q211.4.2.) Africa (Wakweli): Bender 86.
Q427. Q427. Punishment: opening own veins and bleeding to death. (Seneca) Alphabet No. 224.
Q428. Q428. Punishment: drowning. (Cf. Q552.19.) Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q428.1. Q428.1. Drowning as punishment for adultery. (Cf. Q241.) Irish myth: *Cross; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q428.2. Q428.2. Magic swine cause robbers to be drowned. (Cf. B183, Q212.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q428.3. Q428.3. Drowning as punishment for disturbing holy person. (Cf. Q227.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q429. Q429. Capital punishment – miscellaneous.
Q429.1. Q429.1. Punishment: culprit eaten by cannibals. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 824.
Q429.2. Q429.2. Death at hands of foreign invaders as punishment. Jewish: Moreno Esdras.
Q429.3. Q429.3. Cutting into pieces as punishment. India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q429.4. Q429.4. Punishment: squeezing to death. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q430. Q430. Abridgment of freedom as punishment.
Q430.1. Q430.1. Imposition of tabu as punishment. Irish myth: Cross.
Q431. Punishment (exile). *Boje 63; Dickson 78; Gaster Thespis 304; Irish: *Cross, O‘Suilleabhain 88, Beal XXI 328; Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 350 n. 1 (Oedipus), Grote I 172; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 38, 143; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 205, 214; S. A. Indian (Tupinamba): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 169.
Q431.0.1. Q431.0.1. Saint prefers to die in exile. Irish myth: Cross.
Q431.1. Q431.1. Voluntary exile as punishment for murder. (Cf. Q211, Q431.9.) Greek: Fox 93 (Herakles).
Q431.2. Q431.2. Banishment for treachery. (Cf. Q261.) Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys.
Q431.2.1. Q431.2.1. Elder brothers banished for treachery. (Cf. K2211, Q261.) Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 49 No. 328A*.
Q431.2.2. Q431.2.2. Treachery punished by banishment to desert isle. (Cf. S145.) Heptameron No. 67.
Q431.2.3. Q431.2.3. King’s foster brothers banished for lawlessness. Irish myth: *Cross.
Q431.3. Q431.3. Banishment because of disobedience. Maiden wants to become nun and not marry. (Cf. Q325.) Spanish Exempla: Keller; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 260.
Q431.4. Q431.4. Banishment till rose grows from table for preventing childbirth. (Cf. F971.2, Q251, T572).) *Type 755.
Q431.5. Q431.5. Banishment for seduction. (Cf. Q243.2.) Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q431.5.1. Q431.5.1. Banishment for attempted seduction. (Cf. Q243.2.1.) Icelandic: *Boberg; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q431.5.2. Q431.5.2. Banishment for abduction of bride (girl). Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q431.5.3. Q431.5.3. Princes banished as punishment for lewd conduct with female subjects. (Cf. Q243.) India: Thompson-Balys.
Q431.6. Q431.6. Banishment for rape. (Cf. Q244.) Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q431.7. Q431.7. Banishment for imposture. (Cf. Q262.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q431.8. Q431.8. Banishment as punishment for adultery. (Cf. Q241.) Irish myth: Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q431.8.1. Q431.8.1. Banishment as punishment for incest. (Cf. Q242.2.) India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q431.9. Q431.9. Banishment for murder. (Cf. Q211.) Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q431.9.1. Q431.9.1. Banishment for attempted murder. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q431.9.2. Q431.9.2. Exile as punishment for parricide. (Cf. Q211.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.
Q431.10. Q431.10. Banishment for assault on king‘s tax collectors. Icelandic: Boberg.
Q431.11. Q431.11. Banishment as punishment for breach of faith with animals. (Cf. Q263.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q431.12. Q431.12. Banishment as punishment for fault-finding. (Cf. Q312.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q431.13. Q431.13. Banishment for desecration of holy places. (Cf. Q222.) Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q431.14. Q431.14. Berserks banished because of defeat. Icelandic: Boberg.
Q431.15. Q431.15. Banishment as punishment for robbery. (Cf. Q212.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q431.16. Q431.16. Boy banished for breaking women’s water pots. India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q431.17. Q431.17. Banishment for lying. (Cf. Q263.) India: Thompson-Balys.
Q431.18. Q431.18. Banishment for association with those of another faith. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q431.19. Q431.19. Banishment for laziness. (Cf. Q321.) India: Thompson-Balys.
Q432. Q432. Punishment: ejectment.
Q432.1. Q432.1. Buzzard hatched by hawk ejected for fouling nest. (Cf. Q322.) Herbert III 37ff.; Hervieux IV 276 No. 4; Cent Nouvelles Nouvelles No. 68.
Q432.2. Q432.2. Adulteress ejected into street clad only in her shirt. (Cf. Q241, Q243, Q473.) Cent Nouvelles Nouvelles No. 8; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q433. Q433. Punishment: imprisonment. Icelandic: *Boberg; Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. Nos. 139, 206f.; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q433.1. Q433.1. Imprisonment for adultery. (Cf. Q241.) Heptameron No. 61; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q433.1.1. Q433.1.1. Adulteress confined in a cage. (Cf. Q241.) Malone PMLA XLIII 415f.
Q433.2. Q433.2. Defeated giants imprisoned in lower world. Gaster Thespis 160; Greek: Fox 8 (Titans), Grote I 8.
Q433.3. Q433.3. Zeus has embassy of dogs imprisoned for fouling his court. (Cf. Q322.) *BP III 555; Dh IV 137ff.
Q433.4. Q433.4. Imprisonment for imposture. (Cf. Q262.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q433.5. Q433.5. Imprisonment for attempted seduction. (Cf. Q243.2.1.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q433.6. Q433.6. Priest imprisoned for incontinence. (Cf. Q243.) Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q433.7. Q433.7. Imprisonment for treachery. (Cf. Q261.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q433.8. Q433.8. Imprisonment for gambling. (Cf. Q381.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q433.9. Q433.9. Wicked son confined on island. Irish myth: Cross.
Q433.10. Q433.10. Earl hunting in the king’s forest imprisoned. Icelandic: Boberg.
Q433.11. Q433.11. Undesired suitor‘s messengers imprisoned. Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q433.12. Q433.12. Punishment: abridgment of freedom till extravagant boast is confirmed. Irish myth: *Cross.
Q433.13. Q433.13. War prisoners shut up between stones. Icelandic: Boberg.
Q434. Q434. Punishment: fettering.
Q434.1. Q434.1. Adulteress and paramour fettered. (Cf. Q241.) Malone PMLA XLIII 405, 407, 421.
Q434.2. Q434.2. War prisoners fettered. Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q434.3. Q434.3. Fettering to oak. Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q435. Q435. Magic imprisonment in cleft tree. New Guinea: Dixon 137. Cf. Caliban in Shakespeare’s Tempest and Fradubio in Spenser‘s Faerie Queene Book I.
Q436. Q436. Excommunication from religious association as punishment. Jewish: *Neuman.
Q437. Q437. Sale into slavery as punishment. Jewish: *Neuman; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 526.
Q437.1. Q437.1. Criminal’s wife and children sold into slavery. *Chauvin VI 163 No. 327.
Q438. Q438. Punishment: abandonment in forest. (Cf. S143.) India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q450. Q450. Cruel punishments.
Q450.1. Q450.1. Torture as punishment. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.
Q450.1.1. Q450.1.1. Torture as punishment for murder. (Cf. Q211.) Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
Q451. Q451. Mutilation as punishment. (Cf. S160.) Missouri French: Carrière; Marquesas: Handy 78, 121.
Q451.0.1. Q451.0.1. Hands and feet cut off as punishment. Icelandic: Snorra Edda Skaldsk XLI, Herrmann Saxo II 571, *Boberg.
Q451.0.2. Q451.0.2. Threat to cut off hand or foot. Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q451.0.3. Q451.0.3. Strong girl breaks impudent suitor‘s right hand and left foot. Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q451.0.4. Q451.0.4. Hands and feet cut off as punishment for robbery. (Cf. Q212.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q451.1. Q451.1. Hands cut off as punishment. (Cf. S161.) *Type 706; *BP I 295; **Däumling Studie über den Typus des Mädchens ohne Hände (München, 1912); Krappe Zeitschrift für Englische Philologie XLIX 361 – 69; Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Latin American: *Knedler Hispanic Review X 314ff.; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda.
Q451.1.1. Q451.1.1. Hand cut off as punishment for theft. (Cf. Q212.) *Penzer V 61 n. 1, 143 n., VI 19; *Chauvin VI 80 No. 249; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q451.1.2. Q451.1.2. Hand cut off for contempt of court. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q451.1.3. Q451.1.3. Hand cut off for treachery. (Cf. Q261.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q451.1.4. Q451.1.4. Hand cut off (falls off) as punishment for murder. (Cf. Q211.) Irish myth: *Cross.
Q451.1.4.1. Q451.1.4.1. Hand cut off as punishment for fornication. (Cf. Q243.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q451.1.5. Q451.1.5. Arms cut off as punishment for adultery. (Cf. Q241.) Heptameron No. 48.
Q451.1.6. Q451.1.6. Right hands cut off enemy’s messengers. Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q451.1.7. Q451.1.7. Arms cut off as punishment for slandering. (Cf. Q263.) Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 207.
Q451.2. Q451.2. Laming as punishment. (Cf. S162.) Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q451.2.0.1. Q451.2.0.1. Limbs cut off (drop off) as punishment. Irish myth: *Cross.
Q451.2.0.2. Q451.2.0.2. Boring hole through heel as punishment. Jewish: Neuman.
Q451.2.0.3. Q451.2.0.3. Hamstringing as punishment. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 244.
Q451.2.1. Q451.2.1. Youth lamed by man whose daughter he refuses to marry. (Cf. Q245.) Köhler-Bolte I 120; *Krappe Herrig‘s Archiv CLVIII 9ff.; *P. Maurus Wielandsage in der Literatur (Münchner Beiträge zur rom u. eng. Philologie XXV (1902)).
Q451.2.2. Q451.2.2. Feet cut off as punishment for theft. (Cf. Q212.) Penzer V 143 n.; India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q451.2.3. Q451.2.3. Foot cut off as punishment for murder. (Cf. Q211.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q451.2.4. Q451.2.4. Legs cut off as punishment for adultery. (Cf. Q241.) Heptameron No. 48.
Q451.3. Q451.3. Loss of speech as punishment. *Type 710; *BP I 13ff.; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman.
Q451.3.1. Q451.3.1. Dumbness as punishment for hiding children. Fb “stum”.
Q451.3.2. Q451.3.2. Dumbness as punishment for lying. (Cf. Q263.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q451.3.3. Q451.3.3. Dumbness as punishment for opposition to holy person. (*Cf. Q227.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q451.3.3.1. Q451.3.3.1. Son stricken dumb as punishment for father’s opposition to holy person. (Cf. Q411.3.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q451.3.4. Q451.3.4. Dumbness as punishment for blasphemy. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
Q451.4. Q451.4. Tongue cut off as punishment. DeCock Volkssage 93; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 98 No. 836G*, Espinosa II No. 94; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Japanese: Ikeda; Korean: Zong in-Sob 145 No. 64.
Q451.4.1. Q451.4.1. Tongue cut off as punishment for theft. (Cf. Q212.) *Penzer V 61 n. 1, 143 n.
Q451.4.2. Q451.4.2. Tongue cut out as punishment for gossip. (Cf. Q314.) Wienert FFC LVI 39; Halm Aesop No. 416.
Q451.4.3. Q451.4.3. Tongue cut off as punishment for incest. (Cf. Q242.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q451.4.4. Q451.4.4. Tongue cut off as punishment for treachery. (Cf. Q261.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q451.4.5. Q451.4.5. Tongue cut out as punishment for murder. (Cf. Q211.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q451.4.6. Q451.4.6. Tongue cut out as punishment for fault-finding (satire). (Cf. Q312.) Irish myth: *Cross.
Q451.4.7. Q451.4.7. Man pulls out his own tongue in remorse. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q451.4.8. Q451.4.8. Tongue cut off as punishment for alleged adultery. (Cf. Q241.) Icelandic: Boberg.
Q451.4.8.1. Q451.4.8.1. Tongue cut (bitten) off as punishment for unfaithfulness to wife. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
Q451.4.9. Q451.4.9. Hanging by tongue as punishment. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
Q451.4.10. Q451.4.10. Punishment: stretching tongue to enormous length. Korean: Zong in-Sob 145 No. 64.
Q451.5. Q451.5. Nose cut off as punishment. Bødker Exempler 280 No. 24; Irish myth: *Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa: Frobenius Atlantis IV 196.
Q451.5.1. Q451.5.1. Nose cut off as punishment for adultery. (Cf. Q241.) *Penzer II 88 n. 1, V 82 n. 1, 123, 156, VI 188 n. 1, IX 76; Saxo Grammaticus (ed. Elton) 71; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q451.5.1.1. Q451.5.1.1. Mistress‘s nose cut off as punishment for faithlessness. Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q451.5.2. Q451.5.2. Nose cut off as punishment for theft. (Cf. Q212.) Penzer II 60ff.
Q451.5.3. Q451.5.3. Nose of falsely accusing bishop bitten off. (Cf. Q263.) Dickson 46.
Q451.5.4. Q451.5.4. Nose cut off as punishment for treachery. (Cf. Q261.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q451.6. Q451.6. Ears cut off as punishment. Irish myth: Cross; Missouri French: Carrière; India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa: Frobenius Atlantis IV 196.
Q451.6.0.1. Q451.6.0.1. Girl (fairy) bites off ear of ravisher. (Cf. F304.4.1, Q244.) Irish myth: *Cross.
Q451.6.1. Q451.6.1. Ears cut off as punishment for adultery. (Cf. Q241.) *Penzer V 82 n. 1, 156; Africa (Fang): Einstein 53, Trilles 168.
Q451.6.2. Q451.6.2. Ear cut off as punishment for theft. (Cf. Q212.) Nouvelles Récréations No. 56.
Q451.7. Q451.7. Blinding as punishment. *Fb “blind” IV 45b, “øje” III 1165a; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 322; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. No. 137; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 367 n. 1; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q451.7.0.1. Q451.7.0.1. Loss of one eye as punishment. Hdwb. d. Märchens I 477a n. 5; Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q451.7.0.2. Q451.7.0.2. Miraculous blindness as punishment. (Cf. Q559.2.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q451. Q451. Miraculous blindness as punishment for opposition to holy person. (Cf. Q227, Q571.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.
Q451. Q451. Miraculous blindness as punishment for theft. (Cf. Q212.) *Loomis White Magic 98; Irish myth: Cross.
Q451. Q451. Miraculous blindness as punishment for disobedience. (Cf. Q325.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q451. Q451. Miraculous blindness as punishment for criminal intent. (Cf. Q210.1.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q451. Q451. Miraculous blindness as punishment for spying (on druids, fairies, witches, etc.). Irish myth: *Cross.
Q451.7.1. Q451.7.1. Blinding as punishment for perjury. (Cf. Q263.) Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 493; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
Q451.7.2. Q451.7.2. Blinding as punishment for ravisher. (Cf. Q244.) Herbert III 206; Oesterley No. 50.
Q451.7.2.1. Q451.7.2.1. Blinding (of father) as punishment for ravisher. (Cf. Q411.3.) Irish myth: *Cross.
Q451.7.2.2. Q451.7.2.2. Blinding as punishment for attempt to violate girl (queen). Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q451.7.3. Q451.7.3. Blinding as punishment for incest. (Cf. Q242.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q451.7.4. Q451.7.4. Blinding as punishment for murder. (Cf. Q211.) Irish myth: *Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys.
Q451.7.5. Q451.7.5. Wicked son blinded. Irish myth: Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
Q451.8. Q451.8. Punishment: thong of leather cut from back. DeCock Studien 9f.; Cosquin Contes indiens 179; Fb “rem” III 39a; Norwegian: R. Berge Eventyr II 49, 66, 71; Russian: Ralston Russian Folk Tales 146.
Q451.9. Q451.9. Punishment: woman‘s breasts cut off. Zupitza Zs. f. Vksk. XI 91; Child Nos. 5, 80, 81; Scotch: Campbell Tales I lxxxix – xc. See also Peele’s “King Edward the First”.
Q451.9.1. Q451.9.1. Punishment: woman suspended by her breasts. Jewish: Neuman.
Q451.10. Q451.10. Punishment: genitalia cut off. Liebrecht 94ff.; DeCock Volkssage 86; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
Q451.10.1. Q451.10.1. Punishment: castration. (Cf. K2111.3.) Herrmann Saxo II 354.
Q451.11. Q451.11. Piecemeal mutilation as punishment. Marquesas: Handy 78; Tonga: Gifford 67.
Q451.11.1. Q451.11.1. Deception punished by piecemeal mutilation. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q451.12. Q451.12. Lips sewed together as punishment for slander. (Cf. Q263.) Icelandic: Boberg.
Q451.13. Q451.13. Punishment: head split into many pieces. India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q451.14. Q451.14. Adulteress‘s pregnant belly pierced with pounder. (Cf. Q241.) India: Thompson-Balys.
Q452. Q452. Punishment: snake sucks woman’s breasts. Herbert III 9; *Klapper Erzählungen des Mittelalters 175ff., 372f.; Oesterley 683f.; Herrtage EETS (ES) XXXIII 275ff.
Q453. Q453. Punishment: being bitten by animal. (Cf. Q415.)
Q453.1. Q453.1. Punishment: being bitten by ants. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q453.2. Q453.2. Punishment: being bitten by scorpion. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q455. Q455. Walling up as a punishment. (Cf. S125.) *Type 652; BP II 121ff., *124; Fb “indmure” II 24; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. Nos. 110, 140f.; Italian: Basile Pentamerone I No. 2; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q455.1. Q455.1. Walling up as punishment for murder of children. (Cf. Q211.4.) *Type 652; BP II 121ff.; Fb “indmure”.
Q455.2. Q455.2. Walling up as punishment for adultery. (Cf. Q241.)
Q455.2.1. Q455.2.1. Adulteress walled up with corpse of paramour. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q455.2.1.1. Q455.2.1.1. Adulteress confined in room containing the corpse of her paramour. She becomes ill and dies. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q456. Q456. Burial alive as punishment. (Cf. S123.) *Müllenhoff Deutsche Alterthumskunde (ed. Roediger, Berlin, 1920) IV 244ff.; **Feilberg “Levende Begravet” (Årbog for dansk Kulturhistorie [1892] pp. 1 – 60); DeCock Volkssage 83. – Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Greek: Aeschylus Prometheus Bound 366, 1016; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q456.0.1. Q456.0.1. Burial alive as punishment for adultery. (Cf. Q241.) *Schoepperle II 420 n. 1; Irish myth: *Cross.
Q456.0.2. Q456.0.2. Burial alive as punishment for swindling. (Cf. Q274.) Alphabet No. 755.
Q456.0.3. Q456.0.3. Burial alive as punishment for disobedience to king. (Cf. Q325.) Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 373 n. 2 (Antigone).
Q456.1. Q456.1. Punishment: burial alive up to the breast (neck). BP I 432; Köhler-Bolte I 571; Cowell Jataka I 130; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 597.
Q456.1.1. Q456.1.1. Cast-forth wife buried up to the waist for seven years and despitefully used. Wesselski Märchen 174 No. 64.
Q456.2. Q456.2. Burial alive for uncharitableness. (Cf. Q286.2.) Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q457. Q457. Flaying alive as punishment. Grimm Deutsche Rechtsalterthümer II 291; DeCock Volkssage 85f.; Fb “menneskehud” II 579; Irish: O‘Suilleabhain 43, Beal XXI 316; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 309 No. 18.
Q457.1. Q457.1. Flaying alive as punishment for contesting with a god. Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 30 n. 1 (Apollo and Marsyas).
Q457.2. Q457.2. Devil flays impious person. (Cf. G303, Q220.) Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 42 No. 50**; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 12 No. 108.
Q457.3. Q457.3. Flaying alive as punishment for adultery. (Cf. Q241.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q457.4. Q457.4. Flaying alive as punishment for opposition to holy person. (Cf. Q227.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q458. Q458. Flogging as punishment. *Roberts 212; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. Nos. 109, 164f.; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q458.0.1. Q458.0.1. Flogging as punishment for adultery. (Cf. Q241.) Malone PMLA XLIII 410.
Q458.0.2. Q458.0.2. Flogging as punishment for disobedience to rulers. (Cf. Q325.) Alphabet No. 441; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. No. 142.
Q458.0.3. Q458.0.3. Flogging as punishment for theft. (Cf. Q212.) Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q458.0.4. Q458.0.4. Flogging as punishment for imposture. (Cf. Q262.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q458.0.5. Q458.0.5. Flogging as punishment for reviling church. (Cf. Q225.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q458.0.6. Q458.0.6. Flogging as punishment for desire to commit adultery. (Cf. Q241.1.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q458.1. Q458.1. Daily beatings as punishment. Chauvin V 266 No. 154 and frequently elsewhere in Chauvin.
Q458.2. Q458.2. Flogging to death as punishment. (Cf. Q410, S122.) Africa (Fang): Trilles 270.
Q458.2.1. Q458.2.1. Brother flogs unchaste sister to death. (Cf. Q243.) Child II 102.
Q458.2.2. Q458.2.2. Flogging to death as punishment for theft. (Cf. Q212.) Fb “piske” II 834.
Q458.2.3. Q458.2.3. Flogging to death as punishment for seduction. (Cf. Q243.2.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q461. Q461. Impalement as punishment. Chauvin V 3 No. 2; Taylor Romanic Review IX 21ff.; India: Thompson-Balys; Hindu: Penzer I 111, Meyer Hindu Tales 226.
Q461.1. Q461.1. Impalement as punishment for faithlessness. Enemy chief has the faithless widow of his victim impaled. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q461.2. Q461.2. Bodies from which limbs have been cut hung on stakes as punishment. Irish myth: *Cross.
Q461.3. Q461.3. Impaling as punishment for adultery. (Cf. Q241.) India: Thompson-Balys.
Q462. Q462. Crucifixion as punishment. (Cf. Q522.1.) Irish myth: Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: *Neuman; Hindu: Tawney I 147, 396.
Q462.1. Q462.1. Punishment: nailing to pillar. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q462.2. Q462.2. Punishment by hanging up by the feet. Eskimo (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 179.
Q463. Q463. Spiked-cask punishment. Rolling down hill in a cask with spikes on inside. DeCock Volkssage 87; BP I 108; Sébillot France I 302, II 90, 271, IV 293ff.; Fb “spigertønde”; Child II 343, IV 30 n. 32, V 48; *Page JAFL LIX 20ff.; Italian: Basile Pentamerone V No. 8; Icelandic: Boberg.
Q464. Q464. Covering with honey and exposing to flies. DeCock Studien 11ff.; Boccaccio Decameron II No. 9; *Gaster Beiträge zur vgl. Sagen- und Märchenkunde 21; Grimm Deutsche Rechtsalterthümer (1828) 701; Icelandic: Heinzel Beschreibung der isländischen Saga 162, Boberg; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “supplice”; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; Jewish: *Neuman.
Q465. Q465. Throwing into a pit as punishment. Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q465.1. Q465.1. Throwing into pit of snakes as punishment. *Type 403; BP I 99ff.; Krappe “The Snake Tower” Scandinavian Studies XVI (1940) 22 – 33. – Icelandic: *Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q465.2. Q465.2. Prisoners put into pit filled with corpses in order to starve. Icelandic: Boberg.
Q465.3. Q465.3. Punishment: pushing into well. India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q465.4. Q465.4. Punishment: throwing into water-filled lime pit. Jewish: Neuman.
Q466. Q466. Embarkation in leaky vessel as punishment. *Type 612; BP I 126, *127.
Q466.0.1. Q466.0.1. Embarkation in rudderless boat as punishment. Icelandic: Herrmann Saxo II 650.
Q466.0.2. Q466.0.2. Punishment: setting adrift in boat. Irish myth: Cross.
Q466.1. Q466.1. Husband substitutes leaky vessel so that his wife and paramour are drowned. (Cf. Q241.) *Fischer-Bolte 131.
Q466.2. Q466.2. Punishment: abandonment on cliff that is submerged at high tide. Icelandic: Boberg; Maurer Bekehrung des norwegischen Stammes I 301 and n. 8.
Q467. Q467. Punishment by drowning. (Cf. Q552.19.) India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.
Q467.1. Q467.1. Casting into water in sack (barrel) as punishment. (Cf. Q474, S142.) H. Goldsmith Zs. f. vgl. Rechtswissenschaft LXI – LXII; Fb “sæk” III 720b, “tønde” III 934b; Italian: Basile Pentamerone IV No. 6.
Q467.2. Q467.2. Thief cast into water in a sack containing a cock, a snake, and a monkey. He had stolen a sacred statue of gold. (Cf. Q212, Q220.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q467.3. Q467.3. Punishment: drowning in swamp. (Cf. Q474.) Grimm Rechtsalterthümer II 276ff.; Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q467.3.1. Q467.3.1. Punishment: sea-spell chanted by druidess causes rival to drown. Irish myth: Cross.
Q467.4. Q467.4. Man thrown into waterfall as punishment for alleged violating of princess. (Cf. Q244.) Icelandic: FSS 110, Boberg.
Q467.5. Q467.5. Marooning as punishment. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 499f.; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G 13/346).
Q469. Q469. Other cruel punishments.
Q469.1. Q469.1. Adulteress caused to fall down stairs from which steps have been removed. (Cf. Q241.) *Fischer-Bolte 217.
Q469.2. Q469.2. Punishment: climbing red-hot rod. (Cf. S112.2.) Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 75 No. 68.
Q469.3. Q469.3. Punishment: grinding up in a mill. Liebrecht 258f.; Fb “male” II 535a; India: Thompson-Balys.
Q469.4. Q469.4. Punishment: millstone hung around neck. Woman has had desire to kill frog. (Cf. Q211.8.) Tobler 28.
Q469.5. Q469.5. Punishment: choking with smoke. This given a lawyer who has “sold smoke”, i.e., idle words. BP III 495 n.; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 786; Scala Celi 7b No. 48.
Q469.6. Q469.6. Heart and liver of murderer torn out. (Cf. Q211.) Icelandic: *Boberg; Chinese: Werner 339.
Q469.6.0.1. Q469.6.0.1. Heart of murderer cut out. (Cf. Q211.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q469.6.1. Q469.6.1. Heart and liver of son to be torn out. (Cf. S194.) French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
Q469.7. Q469.7. Punishment: twisting entrails from body. Fb III 776a; Mannhardt Wald- und Feldkulte I 28; Heinzel Beschreibung der isländischen Saga 162.
Q469.7.1. Q469.7.1. Man fettered with the entrails of his own sons as punishment for treachery. (Cf. Q261.) Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 146 (Loki).
Q469.8. Q469.8. Punishment: sawing in twain. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q469.9. Q469.9. Punishment: boring hot irons through ears. (Cf. S112.2.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q469.9.1. Q469.9.1. Punishment: tearing off flesh with hot pincers. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q469.9.2. Q469.9.2. Punishment: piercing with needles. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q469.10. Q469.10. Scalding as punishment.
Q469.10.1. Q469.10.1. Scalding as punishment for attempted seduction. (Cf. Q243.2.1.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q469.10.2. Q469.10.2. Scalding as punishment for theft. (Cf. Q212.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q469.10.3. Q469.10.3. Scalding as punishment for insult. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q469.11. Q469.11. Baby son hurled into battle as punishment for desertion of fairy mistress. (Cf. Q247, Q411.3.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q469.12. Q469.12. Murderer torn limb from limb. (Cf. Q211, Q416.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: Neuman.
Q469.13. Q469.13. Hands in cleft log as punishment. (Cf. K1111, Q435.) India: Thompson-Balys.
Q470. Q470. Humiliating punishments. Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
Q471. Q471. Spitting in face as punishment. Spanish: Espinosa Jr. No. 138; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
Q471.1. Q471.1. Persecuted queen meanly clothed and set where all are commanded to spit on her. Köhler-Bolte I 571.
Q471.2. Q471.2. Beggar avenges self on queen who spits at him by disguising as prince and spitting in her face. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q472. Q472. Branding as punishment. (Cf. H55.) BP III 114 n. 1; Cosquin Études 428ff.; *Fischer-Bolte 215; Child II 240ff., 513a, III 514, IV 476, V225b; Icelandic: *Boberg; Spanish: Espinosa III No. 192; India: *Thompson-Balys; Hindu: Meyer Hindu Tales 110.
Q473. Q473. Punishment: disgraceful journey through streets. (Cf. Q432.2.)
Q473.0.1. Q473.0.1. Insolvent debtor drawn through streets. (Cf. Q271.) Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “débiteur”.
Q473.0.2. Q473.0.2. Corpse of adulteress drawn through streets. (Cf. Q241.) Icelandic: Boberg.
Q473.1. Q473.1. Punishment: riding through street on bull.
Q473.1.1. Q473.1.1. Adulteress ridden through street on bull. (Cf. Q241.) *Wesselski Hodscha Nasreddin II 185 No. 349.
Q473.2. Q473.2. Punishment: tying to horse‘s tail. Fb “hest” IV 212a; Icelandic: Boberg.
Q473.2.1. Q473.2.1. Wife’s paramour tied to horse‘s tail and conducted through streets. (Cf. Q241.) Malone PMLA XLIII 413.
Q473.3. Q473.3. Seducer, who had disguised as woman, is led naked through streets. (Cf. Q243.2.) Cent Nouvelles Nouvelles No. 45; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q473.4. Q473.4. Importunate lover put asleep in street. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q473.5. Q473.5. Punishment: sending out of town on donkeys. India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q473.5.1. Q473.5.1. Punishment: shaving head and covering with tar and driving forth on back of donkey to sound of drum. Stranger thinks he is being honored. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q473.5.2. Q473.5.2. Riding backwards on donkey as punishment. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q473.6. Q473.6. Punishment: princess to display self on roof. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q474. Q474. “Cucking-stool” as punishment. (Cf. Q467.3, Q467.1.) Victim is suspended in a basket over filth and thrown in. *Spargo Virgil the Necromancer (Cambridge, Mass., 1934) 147ff.; *J. Grimm Deutsche Rechtsalterthümer (ed. Hensler u. Hübner, Leipzig, 1899) II 162, 363ff.
Q475. Q475. Tar and feathers as punishment. (Cf. K31.1, K216.2.) *Fb “tjære” III 811a, “fjer” I 301; Icelandic: *Boberg; Japanese: Ikeda.
Q475.1. Q475.1. Tar and feathers as punishment for vanity. Type 833*.
Q475.2. Q475.2. Shower of pitch as punishment. Roberts 208.
Q476. Q476. Exposing mistress‘s person (excepting face) to her husband (paramour’s friends). Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q478. Q478. Frightful meal as punishment. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 597.
Q478.1. Q478.1. The Eaten Heart. Adulteress is caused unwittingly to eat her lover‘s heart. (Sometimes other parts of his body.) (Cf. Q241.) **Matzke MLN XXVI 1; **K. Nyrop Sangerens Hjærte (København, 1908); *Child V 482 s.v. “heart”; Clouston Tales II 187ff.; *v. d. Hagen I cxvi; DeCock Volkssage 94ff.; *Hibbard 253ff.; Boccaccio Decameron IV Nos. 1, 9 (Lee 116, 143); Schofield PMLA XV 123; Malone PMLA XLIII 413, 430; Numes “A lenda de coraçao comido” Revista Lusitana XXVIII 5 – 15. – Italian Novella: *Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys; Marquesas: Handy 104; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 136; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 223, (Greenland): Rasmussen III 241; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 344 n. 241; Cape Verde Islands: *Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 140 n. 1.
Q478.1.1. Q478.1.1. Man sends his daughter the heart of her lover. She pours poison over it and drinks the potion. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q478.1.2. Q478.1.2. Adulteress made to drink from paramour’s skull. (Cf. Q241, Q491.5.) Heptameron No. 32.
Q478.1.2.1. Q478.1.2.1. Adulteress forced to eat out of lover‘s skull. Irish myth: Cross.
Q478.1.3. Q478.1.3. Adulteress punished by having skeleton of her former paramour hang in her room. Heptameron No. 32.
Q478.1.4. Q478.1.4. Adulteress forced to have lover’s head before her at meals. Irish myth: Cross.
Q478.2. Q478.2. Adulteress compelled to eat with dog. (Cf. Q241, Q478.) *Chauvin VIII 162 No. 170; Malone PMLA XLIII 430; Gibb History of the Forty Vezirs 331ff.; Irish myth: Cross.
Q478.3. Q478.3. Adulteress compelled to eat a dog‘s leavings. (Cf. Q241, Q523.3.) Malone PMLA XLIII 405 – 430 passim.
Q478.4. Q478.4. Punishment: using fat rendered from daughter’s mutilated corpse to cook with and to light candles. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q478.5. Q478.5. Punishment: eating ashes instead of food. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q478.5.1. Q478.5.1. Punishment: eating ashes (coal) mixed with food. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q481. Q481. Princess (queen) compelled to keep an inn. (Cf. Q523.5.) *Type 304; BP II 503; Fb “kro” II 303.
Q482. Q482. Punishment: noble person must do menial service. (Cf. A181, H465.) Irish: *Cross, Beal XXI 319f., O‘Suilleabhain 53; Missouri French: Carrière; Greek: Grote I 54; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/48, z-G. 3/1386).
Q482.1. Q482.1. Princess serves as menial. *Type 425; India: Thompson-Balys.
Q482.1.1. Q482.1.1. Second wife (slave) must serve as menial. Irish myth: *Cross.
Q482.2. Q482.2. Queen placed in kitchen and abused by butcher. Irish myth: Cross. Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 101.
Q482.2.1. Q482.2.1. Queen forced to do menial service rescued by son. Irish myth: *Cross.
Q482.2.2. Q482.2.2. Queen ordered to go and live in woodcutter’s house as servant. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q482.3. Q482.3. Nobleman after death must serve as menial. *Herbert III 283ff.
Q482.4. Q482.4. Cast-forth wife must sit at horse-block of palace and tell story to each newcomer and offer to carry him inside. Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 94.
Q482.5. Q482.5. Queen made to scare crows away in fields. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q482.6. Q482.6. Punishment: man must do women‘s work. Jewish: Neuman.
Q483. Q483. Princess must sell goods on market as punishment. *Type 304, 900; BP I 443ff., II 505; India: Thompson-Balys.
Q483.1. Q483.1. Condemned queen exposed in leather on market place. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q484. Q484. Husband fondles second wife in presence of first as punishment for adultery. (Cf. Q241.) Malone PMLA XLIII 423.
Q485. Q485. Noble person must live in hovel.
Q485.1. Q485.1. Princess married to lowly hero must live in slave quarters. Africa (Kordofan): Frobenius Atlantis IV 216ff. No. 19.
Q486. Q486. Criminal’s property destroyed as punishment. Jewish: Neuman.
Q486.1. Q486.1. Criminal‘s house burned down. *Chauvin VI 163 No. 327; Irish myth: *Cross.
Q486.1.1. Q486.1.1. Sinful city burnt as punishment. Jewish: Moreno Esdras (Q488), Neuman.
Q487. Q487. Adulteress forced to wear symbolic dress. Husband makes her dress in coarse cloth except for her undefiled parts which are covered with gold brocade. (Cf. Q241.) Cent Nouvelles Nouvelles No. 49; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q488. Q488. Cutting hair as punishment.
Q488.1. Q488.1. Lying goat punished by being half-shorn. (Cf. Q263, K1151.) *Type 212; *BP I 346ff.
Q488.2. Q488.2. Head shaved as punishment. India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q491. Q491. Indignity to corpse as punishment. (Cf. Q271.1.) Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
Q491.1. Q491.1. Disgraceful burial as punishment. Jewish: Neuman.
Q491.1.1. Q491.1.1. Swindler buried on dungheap. (Cf. Q274.) Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 143 No. 1720.
Q491.1.2. Q491.1.2. Burial in deserted barn as punishment for desecration of holy places. (Cf. Q222.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q491.2. Q491.2. Debtor’s corpse flogged. (Cf. Q271.) *Fb “gjæld” I 448.
Q491.3. Q491.3. Devil beats wicked man‘s corpse. Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 124 No. 50.
Q491.4. Q491.4. Toads and snakes devour corpse of rich man in his grave. Scala Celi 74b No. 426; Herbert III 99 No. 65, 666 No. 261; Irish: Beal XXI 327, O’Suilleabhain 74.
Q491.5. Q491.5. Skull used as drinking cup. (Cf. Q478.1.2.) DeCock Volkssage 96ff.; Icelandic: *Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys.
Q491.6. Q491.6. Corpse of murderer mutilated. (Cf. Q211.) Italian Novella: *Rotunda; Greek: Grote I 275, 278.
Q491.6.1. Q491.6.1. Murderer’s corpse cut into pieces. Irish myth: Cross.
Q491.7. Q491.7. Punishment: throwing dead body into river. Africa (Fang): Trilles 270.
Q492. Q492. Woman must relight magic fires as punishment. Magician in revenge for ill-treatment causes the lights of the city to go out. They can be relighted only from the naked body of the woman in the public square. None can be relighted until all have applied their torches. Spargo Virgil the Necromancer (Cambridge, Mass., 1934) 199ff.; *Oertel Studien zur vgl. Literaturgeschichte VIII 113; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q493. Q493. Punishment: being saddled and ridden as horse. India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q493.1. Q493.1. Adulteress transformed to mare and stirruped. (Cf. Q241.) *Penzer VI 8.
Q494. Q494. Loss of social position as punishment. Jewish: Neuman.
Q494.1. Q494.1. Line of kingship taken from king who defies saint. (Cf. Q227.) Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.
Q494.1.1. Q494.1.1. Uncharitable king loses power. (Cf. Q286.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q494.2. Q494.2. Removal from priesthood as punishment. Jewish: *Neuman.
Q495. Q495. Punishment: unseemly exposure of body. Jewish: Neuman.
Q495.1. Q495.1. Lazy wife taken naked in bundle of straw to a wedding. (Cf. Q321.) Type 902*; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 902*; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV No. 902*; Russian: Andrejev No. 902*; Japanese: Ikeda.
Q497. Q497. Beard shaved as punishment for murder. (Cf. Q211, P672.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q497.1. Q497.1. Moustache pulled out as punishment. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q499. Q499. Other humiliating punishments. Irish myth: Cross.
Q499.1. Q499.1. Humiliating kiss as punishment.
Q499.1.1. Q499.1.1. Humiliation through kissing a leper as punishment. Irish myth: *Cross.
Q499.2. Q499.2. Humiliating death as punishment. (Cf. Q411.) Irish myth: *Cross.
Q499.2.1. Q499.2.1. Humiliating death as punishment for adultery. (Cf. Q241.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q499.2.2. Q499.2.2. Humiliating death as punishment for taking concubine. (Cf. Q243.3.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q499.3. Q499.3. Sacrament refused as punishment for desecration of holy place. (Cf. Q222.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q499.4. Q499.4. Satirizing as punishment for refusal to grant request. (Cf. Q287.) Irish myth: *Cross.
Q499.4.1. Q499.4.1. Satirizing as punishment for breaking treaty. Irish myth: Cross.
Q499.5. Q499.5. Debtor clerics forbidden churchly offices. (Cf. Q271.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q499.6. Q499.6. Penance for three years and a half for eating horseflesh. Irish myth: *Cross.
Q499.7. Q499.7. Humiliating marriage as punishment. India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q499.8. Q499.8. Humiliating penance: king to rub nose five times on red hot griddle. India: Thompson-Balys.

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