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Prevuius group

Group No. 202


Q. Rewards and punishments

Group No.

Q0 – Q99

Group name

Deeds rewarded


Q0. Q0. Rewards and punishments. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.
Q1. Q1. Hospitality rewarded – opposite punished. Irish myth: *Cross.
Q1.1. Q1.1. Gods (saints) in disguise reward hospitality and punish inhospitality. Usually the hospitable person is poor, the inhospitable rich. *Types 750AB, 751, 750*; *BP II 210, III 206; Aarne FFC XXIII 46; *Dh II 117; *Fb “Sankt Peder” III 164b, “rig” III 55a. – Spanish: Espinosa II No. 86, III Nos. 168 – 171, Espinosa Jr. No. 181; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 656; Japanese: Ikeda.
Q2. Q2. Kind and unkind. Churlish person disregards requests of old person (animal) and is punished. Courteous person (often youngest brother or sister) complies and is rewarded. *Types 361, 403, 431, 440, 480, 513, 550, 551, 554, 570, 571, 577, 610, 620, 707, 750**, 287**; *BP I 86, 99, 207, 503, II 21, 39, 380, 394, 427, III 84, 267, 276; **Roberts; *Cox Cinderella 481; MacCulloch Childhood 61; *Saintyves Perrault 10. – Irish: O‘Suilleabhain 18; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 15; Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 75 No. 594, Espinosa II No. 86, III Nos. 141 – 143, 153, Espinosa Jr. Nos. 117, 183, 202 – 204; Italian: Basile Pentamerone III No. 10, IV No. 7, V No. 2; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Japanese: Anesaki 318f., Ikeda; Korean: Zong in-Sob 32 No. 15, 46 No. 27; Indonesia: DeVries’s list No. 172, Dixon 210; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/167); N. A. Indian: *Thompson CColl II 383, 386ff., 432, *Thompson Tales 276 n. 18b, (California): Gayton and Newman 95; Africa: Werner African 138ff., 204, 208, 210, (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 89 No. 16, (Benga): Nassau 213 No. 23, (Ekoi): Talbot 237, 280, (Kaffir): Theal 48, 52, (Basuto): Jacottet 140, 146, 224, (Yoruba): Ellis 244 No. 1, (Fjort): Dennett 121f., (Ibo, Nigeria): Basden 282, (Duala): Lederbogen JAS IV 70, Märchen 84; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 125 No. 44.
Q3. Q3. Moderate request rewarded; immoderate punished. India: Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda; West Indies: Flowers 566.
Q3.1. Q3.1. Woodsman and the gold axe. A woodsman lets his axe fall into the water. Hermes comes to his rescue. Takes out a gold axe but the woodsman says that it is not his. The same with a silver axe. Finally he is given his own axe and rewarded for his modest choice. His companion tries this plan and loses his axe. Wienert FFC LVI 79* (ET 449), 139 (ST 444); Halm Aesop No. 308; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 729*; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 34 No. 20; Japanese: Ikeda.
Q3.2. Q3.2. Lion divides slain bullock. The thief who demands half of the bullock driven off; the traveler who modestly withdraws invited to take half. Wienert FFC LVI 70 (ET 342), 140 (ST 459).
Q4. Q4. Humble rewarded, haughty punished. Irish myth: *Cross.
Q5. Q5. Laziness punished; industry rewarded.
Q5.1. Q5.1. Lazy jackal punished; industrious pig rewarded. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q5.2. Q5.2. Lazy owl punished; industrious hummingbird rewarded. Africa (Wute): Sieber 200.
Q6. Q6. Good thoughts rewarded, bad punished. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 186f.
Q6.1. Q6.1. Foolishness brings a man to death, quiet calm to fortune. Africa (Wakweli): Bender 92f.
Q7. Q7. Deity descends and makes king and wronged subject change places. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 425.
Q10 – Q99. Deeds rewarded.
Q10. Q10. Deeds rewarded.
Q20. Q20. Piety rewarded. Irish: *Cross, O‘Suilleabhain 120, Beal XXI 336; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1153; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 70.
Q20.1. Q20.1. Reward for service of god, hero, or ascetic for a period. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q20.2. Q20.2. Fulfillment of precepts rewarded. Jewish: *Neuman.
Q21. Q21. Reward for religious sacrifice. India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 427.
Q21.1. Q21.1. Old woman gives her only cow believing she would receive a hundred in return from God. A bishop hearing of her faith sends her a hundred cows. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
Q22. Q22. Reward for faith. India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q23. Q23. Reward for securing converts. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q25. Q25. Reward for carrying Christ across a stream. Christ is in the form of a child. (St. Christopher.) *Type 768; Dh II 266; Legenda Aurea (ed. Graesse) 432; *Schwickert Zs. f. Vksk. NF III 14 – 26; Klapper Erzählungen des Mittelalters 111 No. 101; *Loomis White Magic 114.
Q25.1. Q25.1. Boy risks life to carry leper across stream. Leper is Christ in disguise. Irish myth: Cross.
Q26. Q26. Keeping fast rewarded. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q27. Q27. Reward for faith: boy doomed to die saved (miraculously). India: Thompson-Balys.
Q28. Q28. Reward for religious pilgrimage. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 188 No. 28.
Q32. Q32. Reward for offering food to crucifix (Madonna). BP III 474ff.
Q33. Q33. Reward for saying of prayers. (Cf. V50.) Ward II 621 No. 30; Scala Celi 136b No. 760; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q34. Q34. Reward for austerities of hermit. (Cf. Q144.1.) The further he must carry water, the greater his heavenly reward. Scala Celi 15a No. 84; Oesterley No. 80; *A. E. Schönbach Die Legende von Engel und Waldbruder (Wien, 1901); India: *Thompson-Balys.
Q35. Q35. Reward for writing hymn. (Cf. Q172.5.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q36. Q36. Reward for repentance. (Cf. Q174.1.) Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.
Q36.1. Q36.1. Reward for confession of sins. Jewish: *Neuman.
Q37. Q37. Reward for carrying out dead man’s request. Chinese: Graham.
Q38. Q38. Reward for attendance on holy man. (Cf. Q116.1.) Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 83, 158, 163f.
Q39. Q39. Piety rewarded – miscellaneous.
Q39.1. Q39.1. Asceticism rewarded. (Cf. V462.) Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 500, II 750.
Q40. Q40. Kindness rewarded. *Chauvin VI 109 No. 274 n. 2; Irish: Beal XXI 304; Missouri French: Carrière; Greek: Fox 200 (Phaon); Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 362; Chinese: Graham, Eberhard FFC CXX 132 No. 87; Africa (Bankon): Ittman 83, (Bulu): Krug 109, (Duala): Lederbogen JAS IV 71.
Q41. Q41. Politeness rewarded. *Roberts 173; Icelandic: Boberg; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “politesse”; Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish: Espinosa III No. 152, Espinosa Jr. Nos. 117, 130, 183; Italian: Basile Pentamerone IV Nos. 7, 8.
Q41.1. Q41.1. Ogre appeased by being called uncle (aunt, etc.). India: Thompson-Balys.
Q41.2. Q41.2. Reward for cleansing loathsome person. Cleansing eyelids, bathing, lousing etc. *Roberts 168; Type 480; Africa (Chaga): Gutmann 132ff. No. 83, (Alo): Pratt-Chadwick and Lamprey The Alo Man (New York, 1927) 17ff., (Batanga): Nassau JAFL XXVIII 45ff. No. 16, (Bulu): Krug JAFL XXV 113 No. 9, (Bambara): Travélé 205ff. No. 66, (Hausa): Equilbecq Contes indigènes III 291ff., Tremearne Hausa Superstitions and Customs (London, 1913) 424ff. No. 93.
Q42. Q42. Generosity rewarded. *Chauvin V 14 No. 68; *Penzer VIII 130ff.; Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “charité”; Spanish: Keller, Espinosa III No. 152, Espinosa Jr. Nos. 202 – 204, 210; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 897, 904, 934, 988; Tahiti: Beckwith Myth 38.
Q42.1. Q42.1. Spendthrift knight. Divides his last penny. He is later helped by the grateful person. *Types 508, 592, 665; BP II 490ff., Scala Celi 81b No. 467; *Hibbard 73, 79; Alphabet No. 291; Japanese: Anesaki 320.
Q42.1.1. Q42.1.1. Child divides last loaf with fairy (witch, etc.). Rewarded. Hdwb. d. Märchens I 396b; *Roberts 150, 169.
Q42.1.1.1. Q42.1.1.1. Reward for giving last loaf. Chinese: Graham.
Q42.1.2. Q42.1.2. Man who divides his food with beggar is later freed from captivity by him. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q42.1.3. Q42.1.3. Excessive hospitality causes chieftain to become poor. Irish myth: *Cross.
Q42.2. Q42.2. Reward for providing coffins for poor. Chinese: Werner 384.
Q42.3. Q42.3. Generosity to saint (god) in disguise rewarded. (Cf. Q1, Q45.1.) Alphabet Nos. 297, 344, 365; Scala Celi 39b No. 222; Irish: Beal XXI 304, 325, O‘Suilleabhain 2, 68; Spanish: Keller, Espinosa II No. 86, III Nos. 168 – 171, Espinosa Jr. Nos. 83 – 85, 181f., 210; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 485; Chinese: Graham.
Q42.4. Q42.4. Man frees slave (incognito prince): rewarded when slave becomes king. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q42.4.1. Q42.4.1. Slave freed as reward for killing enemy’s two slaves, and given as much land as he can cultivate in three days. Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q42.5. Q42.5. Reward for generosity to king‘s buffoon. Ruler rewards herald who is generous to his buffoon. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q42.6. Q42.6. Reward for tearing out eye when demanded. Irish myth: Cross.
Q42.7. Q42.7. Reward for remitting tribute. (Cf. Q172.7.) Irish myth: Cross.
Q42.8. Q42.8. Saint gives a man all his credit for good deeds so that the man may go to heaven. Saint is then rewarded with even greater credit. (Cf. Q172.) Spanish Exempla: Keller.
Q42.9. Q42.9. Cobbler gives new pair of shoes to poor boy and says: “You can pay me when you become archbishop.” Generously rewarded many years later. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q43. Q43. Reward for giving counsel. Irish myth: Cross.
Q44. Q44. Reward for almsgiving. Scala Celi 81b, 83a Nos. 465, 472; Alphabet 298, 302; Crane Vitry 175 No. 96; Spanish: Keller, Espinosa II No. 86, Espinosa Jr. No. 200; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 134, 342, II 1091, 1366; Japanese: Ikeda.
Q44.1. Q44.1. Reward to almsgiving monk given in form of restored honor and position. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
Q44.2. Q44.2. Man pardoned for short accounts when it is learned that he has given the money to the poor as alms. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
Q44.3. Q44.3. One rupee given away for charity incidentally brings back ten rupees. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q45. Q45. Hospitality rewarded. Scala Celi 51b, 81b, 83b, 104b, 152b, 158a, 164b Nos. 290, 466, 477, 569, 839, 884, 926; Alphabet No. 368; Irish myth: *Cross; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 323 No. 95; Spanish: Espinosa III No. 152, Espinosa Jr. Nos. 181f.; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 455, 989; Africa (Loango): Pechuël-Loesche 110, (Kaffir): Kidd 251 No. 13, (Ekoi): Talbot 208.
Q45.1. Q45.1. Angels entertained unawares. Hospitality to disguised saint (angel, god) rewarded. (Cf. Q42.3.) *Dh II 133ff.; *bin Gorion Born Judas@2 I 366; Scala Celi 39b, 81b Nos. 221, 464, 468; Alphabet Nos. 167, 365, 439; Herbert III 392; Literary treatment: Lowell “Vision of Sir Launfal”. – Irish: Cross, O’Suilleabhain 90; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 752B*; Spanish: Keller, Espinosa Jr. Nos. 181f.; Greek: Pauly-Wissowa s.v. “Baukis”; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 35; Japanese: Anesaki 251f.; N. A. Indian (Maliseet): Mechling JAFL XXVI 219ff.; Africa (Konnoh): Willans 140.
Q45.1.1. Q45.1.1. Three Nephites give blessings as reward for hospitality. (Mormon tradition.) **H. Lee, The Three Nephites: the Substance and Significance of the Legend in Folklore (Albuquerque, New Mexico, 1949).
Q45.1.2. Q45.1.2. King refuses to invite Patrick to feast. Poor man kills only cow and uses his only measure of meal to entertain Patrick. Patrick blesses his wife and son. Irish myth: Cross.
Q45.1.3. Q45.1.3. Hospitality to saint repaid: neither he nor his posterity will ever be hurt by venomous creatures. *Loomis White Magic 131.
Q45.2. Q45.2. Hospitality to devil repaid. *Type 821A; Christiansen Norske Eventyr 105.
Q45.2.1. Q45.2.1. Man saves the unrecognized devil from thunder and is generously rewarded. Estonian, Swedish, and Lithuanian: *Balys Tautosakos Darbai VI 27 – 31; Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
Q45.3. Q45.3. Hospitality to ascetic rewarded. Buddhist Myth: Malalasekera II 221, 604, 656, 775.
Q45.3.1. Q45.3.1. Hospitality to monk rewarded. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 819.
Q45.4. Q45.4. Revenge given up as reward for hospitality. (Cf. Q151.6.) Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q45.5. Q45.5. Hospitality repaid by attack on devastating enemy. Icelandic: Boberg.
Q45.6. Q45.6. Hospitality repaid by magic procuring of provisions. Icelandic: *Boberg.
Q46. Q46. Reward for protecting fugitive.
Q46.1. Q46.1. Reward for protecting holy fugitive. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3104, Legends Nos. 198 – 206; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 280 n. 1.
Q47. Q47. Kindness to orphans repaid by dead parents. Jewish: Neuman; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 99.
Q51. Q51. Kindness to animals rewarded. Jewish: *Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 83, Africa (Wakweli): Bender 87f., (Wute): Sieber 197, (Fang): Tessman 196.
Q51.1. Q51.1. Knight covers foal with his coat to protect it from storm. English: Wells 60 (Sire Gawene and the Carle of Carelyle).
Q51.2. Q51.2. Reward for kindness to tiger. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q53. Q53. Reward for rescue. Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda.
Q53.1. Q53.1. Disguised king rewards rescuer from robbers. (Cf. K1812.) *BP III 450ff.
Q53.2. Q53.2. Magic shirt and information about sought robbers as reward for rescue of poor fisherman. Icelandic: Boberg.
Q53.2.1. Q53.2.1. Plenty of fishes as reward for rescue. Icelandic: Boberg.
Q53.3. Q53.3. Maiden queen offers her hand as reward for rescuing her town. Icelandic: Boberg.
Q53.3.1. Q53.3.1. Maiden gives her hand and riches to man who rescues her from trap. Africa (Loango): Pechuël-Loesche 109.
Q54. Q54. Uprightness rewarded. (Cf. Q151.7.)
Q54.1. Q54.1. Ruler tries in vain to intimidate judge. Rewards him with high post. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q54.2. Q54.2. Captive knight freed for having kept his word. Is allowed to leave to collect ransom (or marry fiancée). When he returns his captor frees him (or raises ransom). Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q55. Q55. Reward for sparing life when in animal form. Hartland Science 51; India: Thompson-Balys.
Q56. Q56. Love rewarded.
Q56.1. Q56.1. Ruler rewards man‘s love for his captive wife with riches and freedom. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q56.2. Q56.2. Ruler rewards captives’ love for each other. Sets them free and enriches them. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q56.3. Q56.3. Queen rewards love of man of low lineage by making him an ambassador. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q57. Q57. Attendance on the sick rewarded. Africa (Duala): Lederbogen JAS IV 66, Märchen 83.
Q57.1. Q57.1. Reward for shielding Mary in childbirth from gaze of onlookers. Irish: O‘Suilleabhain 5.
Q60. Q60. Other good qualities rewarded.
Q61. Q61. Self-abnegation rewarded. (Cf. L200.) Irish myth: Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: Neuman.
Q61.1. Q61.1. Monk who did not ask for position made abbot. He is given the bribe money paid by other ambitious monks. Wesselski Mönchslatein 124 No. 107; India: Thompson-Balys.
Q61.2. Q61.2. Devil spares abbot because of humility. Scala Celi 104b No. 570.
Q62. Q62. Reward for ability to keep secrets. Type 480; *Roberts 159; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 178.
Q64. Q64. Patience rewarded. (Cf. W26.) Jewish: Neuman.
Q65. Q65. Filial duty rewarded. Jewish: *Neuman; Chinese: Graham; Tonga: Gifford 34.
Q65.1. Q65.1. Supplying food to ungrateful stepmother rewarded. (Cf. Q151.2.) Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 129 No. 23.
Q66. Q66. Humility rewarded. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.
Q66.1. Q66.1. Humility before saint (god) in disguise rewarded. Irish myth: Cross.
Q67. Q67. Kingly duty rewarded. Irish myth: Cross.
Q68. Q68. Integrity rewarded. Irish myth: Cross.
Q68.1. Q68.1. Truth-speaking rewarded. Jewish: *Neuman.
Q68.2. Q68.2. Honesty rewarded. Finnish-Swedish: Hackman FFC VI No. 940*; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 941*; Chinese: Graham.
Q72. Q72. Loyalty rewarded. Jewish: Neuman.
Q72.1. Q72.1. Reward for loyalty to king. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q80. Q80. Rewards for other causes.
Q81. Q81. Reward for perseverance. Penzer II 97.
Q81.1. Q81.1. Nobleman’s perseverance wins him coveted place on reserved bench. Elected upon the death of one of its occupants. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q82. Q82. Reward for fearlessness. Reward given by devil or ghost. *Type 326; Penzer VII 120 n. 2; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda.
Q82.1. Q82.1. Snake helps girl who permits it to wind itself around her body. Africa (Rozwi): Posselt Fables of the Veld (London, 1929) 39ff., (Thonga): Junod 248ff., Berthoud ZsES XXI 154f. No. 10.
Q82.2. Q82.2. Ferocious animal (lion, tiger, etc.) rewards man who does not fear it. Africa (Congo): Christaller Handbuch der Duala-Sprache (Basel, 1892) 68ff.
Q83. Q83. Reward for marital fidelity. (Cf. Q87.) Jewish: Moreno Esdras, Neuman.
Q83.1. Q83.1. Reward for wife‘s fidelity. India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 845.
Q84. Q84. Reward for stoic endurance of pain. Irish myth: Cross.
Q85. Q85. Reward for asking proper questions. Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 203.
Q86. Q86. Reward for industry. Hdwb. d. Märchens II 66a; India: *Thompson-Balys; West Indies: Flowers 567.
Q86.1. Q86.1. Reward to ant for industry. Ant has food all winter because she keeps it safe and dry by airing it in the sun. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
Q87. Q87. Reward for preservation of chastity. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman, Moreno Esdras.
Q87.1. Q87.1. Ruler marries maiden who has repulsed his advances. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q87.1.1. Q87.1.1. Spurned ruler has the maiden marry highest ranking knight. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q87.1.2. Q87.1.2. Married woman spurns king’s offer of marriage. King honors her husband. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q87.1.3. Q87.1.3. Spurned suitor is offered girl by her mother. He rewards her refusal by a gift of money. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q87.2. Q87.2. Courtier rewarded for resisting princess‘s advances. When her father learns of the affair he rewards the courtier and has him marry his daughter. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q87.3. Q87.3. Reward for long-suffering nun: made abbess of convent. Heptameron No. 22.
Q88. Q88. Reward for proficiency.
Q88.1. Q88.1. Fra Lippo Lippi is freed by Moors because of his greatness as a painter. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q88.2. Q88.2. Princess kisses ugly poet while he sleeps. Kisses not the ugly face but the divine mouth. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
Q91. Q91. Reward for cleverness.
Q91.1. Q91.1. Princess given in marriage to clever thief. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q91.2. Q91.2. King rewards scullion for bon-mot. Makes him a valet. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
Q91.3. Q91.3. King rewards poem. (Cf. Q112.0.1.2, Q411.10.1.) Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys.
Q91.4. Q91.4. Answer rewarded with gold ring; message rewarded with purse with silver. Icelandic: Boberg.
Q93. Q93. Reward for supernatural help.
Q93.1. Q93.1. Reward for bringing rain. Chinese: Graham.
Q93.2. Q93.2. Reward for resuscitating dead. (Cf. E0.) Chinese: Graham.
Q94. Q94. Reward for cure. India: Thompson-Balys.
Q95. Q95. Reward for musician.
Q95.1. Q95.1. Reward for flute-playing. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 70.

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