Back to motif List page

Back to Thompson motifs main page

Back to Masa Site

Back to Hebrew Masa site


Search the database

Next group

Prevuius group

Group No. 194


P. Society

Group No.

P0 – P99

Group name

Royalty and nobility


P0. Royalty and nobility.
P3. Issue of marriage of brother and sister of highest chiefly rank is a god. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 521.
P10. Kings. Jewish: *Neuman.
P10.1. Special place where occur births of royalty. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 376.
P11. Choice of kings. India: Thompson-Balys.
P11.0.1. Prophecy that brother who first kisses saint will be king. Irish myth: Cross.
P11.0.2. Choice of king of trees.
P11.0.2.1. Bramble chosen king of trees. Herbert III 34; Hebrew: Judges 9: 8 – 15.
P11.1. Choice of kings by divine will. *Egerton JAOS XXXIII 158; Krappe Revue Hispanique LVI (1922) 5 – 24; *Penzer V 175ff.; *Chauvin VI 75 No. 239; India: Thompson-Balys.
P11.1.1. Kings chosen by lot. *Chauvin VI 75 No. 239; Africa (Swahili): Steere 141.
P11.2. Winner of contest to be king. *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 269; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
P11.2.1. King chosen by contest: princes finding greatest fault with their father. Youngest can find no fault and is chosen. Type 924**.
P11.2.2. King chosen by contest. Irish myth: Cross.
P11.2.2.1. The one of two giant brothers who performs the greatest feat and procures the wildest dog elected as king. Icelandic: Boberg.
P11.2.3. The one of two giant brothers who gets the most skillful princess elected as king. Icelandic: Boberg.
P11.3. Owner of magic object chosen as king. India: Thompson-Balys.
P11.4. King chosen on basis of strength and exploits. Irish myth: Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
P11.4.1. He who can open palace door to be king. India: Thompson-Balys.
P11.4.2. Amasser of largest fortune to be king. India: Thompson-Balys.
P11.5. He who can fill out a certain wide seat chosen as king. Icelandic: Boberg.
P11.6. Inauguration of king as espousal to goddess. Irish myth: *Cross.
P12. Character of kings.
P12.1. Hunting a madness of kings. Penzer II 127; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys.
P12.2. Injustice deadliest of monarch’s sins. Penzer I 124 n. 1.
P12.2.1. Tyrannical king. Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
P12.3. Usurper imposes burdensome taxes. Dickson 175 n. 39.
P12.4. King who intends rape killed. Attackers flee into exile. Irish myth: Cross.
P12.5. Good king never retreats in battle. Irish myth: *Cross.
P12.5.0.1. Dead king carried into battle in his war-chariot. Irish myth: Cross.
P12.5.1. King in battle hides in ditch, with earth piled around him. Irish myth: *Cross.
P12.6. Just king brings good fortune upon people. Irish myth: *Cross.
P12.6.1. Four duties of king to subjects: devotion, protection of subjects, justice, and increase of his kingdom. India: Thompson-Balys.
P12.7. Clever king knows everything in advance. Icelandic: Boberg.
P12.8. King banishes nobleman whose castle he wants. Icelandic: *Boberg.
P12.9. Nobility of character a mark of kings. Kings overcomes passion for beautiful captives and sends them back untouched to their people. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
P12.10. King is superior to all in strength, beauty, largeness, etc., and usually has victory. Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman.
P12.11. Uxorious king neglects duties. India: Thompson-Balys.
P12.12. King avenges lack of homage. India: Thompson-Balys.
P12.13. King quick to anger. India: Thompson-Balys.
P12.13.1. King to be seen after anger cools. India: Thompson-Balys.
P12.14. Modesty of king. Jewish: *Neuman.
P13. Customs connected with kings. Irish myth: *Cross.
P13.0.1. Privileges of under-king. Irish myth: Cross.
P13.0.2. Duties of under-king‘s retainers. Irish myth: Cross.
P13.1. King cannot judge without crown. Fb “konge” II 264b.
P13.2. Mismanagement of king’s treasury a mortal offense. Fb “penge” II 803a.
P13.3. Royal purple (golden diadem) worn as sign of royalty. Irish myth: Cross.
P13.3.1. Kingly insignia worn only on field of battle. Irish myth: Cross.
P13.3.2. Ring can make or unmake a king. India: Thompson-Balys.
P13.4. King must marry. Irish myth: Cross.
P13.5. Crowning of kings. Icelandic: *Boberg; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 986.
P13.5.1. Anointing of kings. Jewish: *Neuman.
P13.6. Custom to appoint a king by day and slay him at night. India: Thompson-Balys.
P13.7. Royal anniversaries. Jewish: *Neuman.
P13.8. King must never be present at funeral. Jewish: *Neuman.
P13.9. Royal perquisites.
P13.9.1. King has first choice in booty. Jewish: Neuman.
P13.9.2. Fifth of the land‘s production belongs to king. Jewish: *Neuman.
P14. Particular practices of kings.
P14.1. Prisoners released as celebration of king’s success. *Chauvin VI 101 No. 269 n. 2; Babylonian: Spence 59.
P14.2. King will not permit a one-eyed man in his presence. *Chauvin V 160 No. 84 n. 1.
P14.3. King playing chess when important news arrives. *Dickson 233 n. 30; Icelandic: *Boberg.
P14.4. King orders all gold brought to him. Wesselski Archiv Orientální I 77.
P14.5. King never touches earth: carried always by slaves. Africa (Upoto): Einstein 121.
P14.6. King‘s (prince’s) sulking chamber. He sulks here until his wishes are carried out. India: *Thompson-Balys.
P14.7. None permitted to enter hall of king unless he possesses an art. Irish myth: Cross.
P14.8. King does not want men who are unable to engage in any sport. Icelandic: Örvar-Odds saga 142 – 43.
P14.8.1. King asks all newcomers what they can do and expects a prompt answer. Icelandic: *Boberg.
P14.9. Law that nobody may give the king bad tidings. Icelandic: *Boberg.
P14.10. Kings have seat on hills. Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys.
P14.11. King angry at hero who rides straight into the castle without permission. Icelandic: Völsunga saga ch. 28 (26).
P14.12. King has his own gifts stolen back for him. India: Thompson-Balys.
P14.13. King gives his own wife as reward. India: Thompson-Balys.
P14.14. King requires everyone who comes before him to tell a story. Irish myth: Cross.
P14.15. King has champion to enforce respect. Irish myth: Cross.
P14.15.1. Old, wise counsellor of court. Irish myth: Cross.
P14.15.2. Court messenger. Irish myth: Cross.
P14.16. Threefold division of king‘s day: one third dedicated to watching boys at play; one third to playing fidehell (chess?); one third to drinking. Irish myth: Cross.
P14.17. King’s stronghold on island. Irish myth: Cross.
P14.18. King orders man whose neck the rope will fit to be executed. India: Thompson-Balys.
P14.19. King goes in disguise at night to observe his subjects. India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 424, 908.
P14.20. Tom-tom beater to spread the news of kingship. India: *Thompson-Balys.
P14.21. King shows himself in public only one day a year. Jewish: *Neuman.
P14.22. King keeps lions as pets and a lion-tamer at his palace. Jewish: Neuman.
P14.23. King does not eat much during years of famine in order not to forget the hungry. Jewish: *Neuman.
P15. Adventures of kings.
P15.1. Disguised king punished by peasant. Beaten because he does not get up early enough. (King Alfred and the cakes.) *BP III 451 n. 1.
P15.1.1. Disguised king taught courtesy by peasant. English: Wells 94 (The Taill of Rauf Coilyear).
P15.1.2. King pardons person who has made mistake of addressing one of his courtiers as king. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
P15.2. King demands subject’s wife for himself. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.
P15.2.1. King carries off subject’s wife and makes her his own. India: Thompson-Balys.
P15.3. King loses his kingdom to impostor. (Cf. K1934.1.) Jewish: Neuman.
P15.4. King is cursed by disguised dwarf-smiths whose work he criticised. Icelandic: Ásmundar saga Kappabana 466.
P15.5. King frees man sent by rival king to kill him. He sees bravery in the would-be assassin. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
P15.6. King descends to bottom of sea in glass barrel to study ways of fishes. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
P15.7. King himself works at brick building so that subjects cannot complain of enforced labor. Jewish: *Neuman.
P15.8. Subjects drive their ruler away after he has made them do forced labor. India: Thompson-Balys.
P16. End of king‘s reign.
P16.1. King (prince) retires from the world (becomes hermit, swineherd). *Chauvin VI 194 No. 363; Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.
P16.1.1. King on retiring orders funeral obsequies given him. Chauvin VIII 115 No. 98.
P16.1.2. King learning of queen‘s adultery abdicates. India: Thompson-Balys.
P16.1.3. The higher the office held in this world, the heavier the judgment of God: Cuchulinn’s reason for abjuring kingship. Irish myth: Cross.
P16.1.4. Father abdicates in favor of son. India: Thompson-Balys.
P16.2. King must resign if maimed (disfigured). Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 25, Cross.
P16.2.1. King must resign if he begets natural son. Icelandic: *Boberg.
P16.3. King killed when old. Hawaii: Beckwith 409f.; Tonga: Gifford 31.
P16.3.0.1. King commits suicide. Irish myth: Cross.
P16.3.1. Old king attacked. Icelandic: *Boberg.
P16.3.1.1. Attempt to kill old king by suffocating him in bathroom. Icelandic: Boberg.
P16.3.2. King too old to fight goes himself into his grave mound. Icelandic: Boberg.
P16.4. Persons buried with dead king. *Wesselski Märchen 230; Icelandic: Corpus Poeticum Boreale I 303, *Boberg.
P16.4.1. Suttee. Wife burned with dead king. *Penzer IV 255 ff., 264; **Zachariae Zs. f. Vksk. XIV 198ff., 302ff., 395ff., XV 74ff.; Chauvin VII 20; Mansikka FFC XLIII 330ff.; Hert Die Indogermanen II 440, 490ff.; Grimm Deutsche Rechtsalterthümer I 622; Hoops‘ Reallexikon IV 556ff.; Schreuer Zs. f. Vgl. Rechtswissenschaft XXXIV 19ff. – Icelandic: *Boberg; Slavic: Máchal 233; India: *Thompson-Balys; Melanesia: Codrington 288ff.; Africa: Frobenius Atlantis VII 106, 227.
P16.5. Shavings of spear which killed king cast into cataract. Irish myth: Cross.
P16.6. Kings worshipped after their death. Icelandic: *Boberg.
P16.7. King slain by “his own household” in revenge for deposing his father. Irish myth: Cross.
P16.8. Land where every raja dies; if he rules for a day he dies that night; if he rules for a night, he dies that day. India: Thompson-Balys.
P16.9. King’s coffin sunk into river. Jewish: *Neuman.
P17. Succession to the throne. Missouri French: Carrière.
P17.0.1. No sons left to rule after father. Lawmaker’s sons slain in rebellion against him. Irish myth: Cross.
P17.0.2. Son succeeds father as king. Icelandic: *Boberg.
P17.0.2.1. At son‘s wedding king names him as successor. Icelandic: Boberg.
P17.0.3. Vengeance for destruction of fairy-mound pursues king’s descendants. Irish myth: Cross.
P17.1. First man to arrive after king‘s death to be heir. (Cf. N683.) Hdwb. d. Märchens I 605a n. 62; India: *Thompson-Balys.
P17.2. Queen chosen to live rather than king so that she can bear an heir to the throne. Serpents alleged to tell by their death which shall die first: male serpent predicts king’s death; female, queen‘s. King has male serpent killed. BP IV 139; Gesta Romanorum No. 92.
P17.3. Dying king names successor. Icelandic: Boberg.
P17.3.1. Second-born son declared as successor because message about the birth of first son was slower traveling. Emperor will not change proclamation. India: Thompson-Balys.
P17.4. Kingship rotates among brothers. Irish myth: Cross.
P17.5. Brothers rule jointly. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.
P17.6. Succession by mother-right. Irish myth: Cross.
P17.7. Succession will fall to line that has been wronged. Irish myth: Cross.
P17.8. Kingship given to younger brother. (Cf. P17.10.) Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: Neuman.
P17.9. Natural son succeeds to the throne. Irish myth: Cross.
P17.9.1. Natural son is refused kingship and half heritage. Icelandic: Hervarar saga 86 – 88, Boberg.
P17.10. Three sons each get a kingship, but the youngest the most important in the home country. (Cf. P17.8.) Icelandic: Boberg.
P17.11. Slayer of king marries widow and inherits kingdom. Icelandic: *Boberg.
P17.12. King to be succeeded by whoever can carry his dead body a certain distance. Irish myth: Cross.
P17.13. What the princes most desire: king asks each of three sons separately. Answers: to study, to make pilgrimages, to build a great kingdom. Last chosen. India: Thompson-Balys.
P18. Marriage of kings. Irish myth: Cross.
P18.1. After highly mourned wife‘s death the king marries another who turns out to be an evil witch. Icelandic: *Boberg.
P18.2. Limited number of wives for polygamous king. Jewish: *Neuman.
P19. Other motifs connected with kings. Irish myth: Cross.
P19.1. King’s presence necessary for army‘s victory. English romance: Malory passim.
P19.2. King may have any woman as paramour if he makes her a settlement. Irish myth: Cross.
P19.2.1. King abducts woman to be his paramour. Irish myth: Cross.
P19.3. King must procure whatever visiting poets ask, or suffer from their satire. Irish myth: Cross.
P19.4. Kingly powers (rights). Irish myth: Cross.
P19.4.0.1. King’s wand (rod). Irish myth: Cross.
P19.4.1. King may judge against all save one of highest rank in religion or learning. Irish myth: Cross.
P19.5. King raised from dead (by saint). Irish myth: Cross.
P20. Queens. Irish myth: Cross.
P20.1. Clever queen. Icelandic: *Boberg.
P21. Queen intervenes for condemned courtiers. *Chauvin II 104 No. 65.
P21.1. Queen as intercessor with king. Greek: Odyssey VI 313; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
P22. Queen marries murderer of her fiancée. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
P22.1. Queen leaves country with her son, having killed her husband in revenge for his killing of her father and brother. Icelandic: *Boberg.
P23. Queen persuades king to make war without cause that her sons may have territory. Irish myth: Cross.
P23.1. Queen persuades husband to riot against his superior. Icelandic: Boberg.
P23.2. Queen persuades husband to claim her father’s kingdom after his death. Icelandic: Boberg.
P23.3. Queen persuades husband to avenge her father. Icelandic: Boberg
P23.4. Queen offers son to be killed in order to spur to fight and avenge her first husband. (Cf. S12.3.) Icelandic: Boberg.
P24. Queen must pay tribute to victorious queen to the amount paid by king to victorious king. Irish myth: Cross.
P25. Queen meddles in state affairs. India: Thompson-Balys.
P26. Captured queen commits suicide. (Cf. P16.3.0.1.) Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
P26.1. Queen commits suicide, as her husband vanquishes and kills her father and her brother. Icelandic: Boberg.
P27. Grief at queen‘s death. Icelandic: *Boberg.
P27.1. King sits mourning on his wife’s grave mound. Icelandic: *Boberg.
P27.2. King mourns so much at wife‘s death that he goes on piracy, (every summer afterward). Icelandic: *Boberg.
P27.3. King calls daughter in second marriage by the name of his first queen. Icelandic: Boberg.
P28. Marriage of queen.
P28.1. Chieftainess of such rank that none of her countrymen can woo her. Maori: Clark 2.
P29. Queens – miscellaneous.
P29.1. No king to rule who is not husband of certain queen. Irish myth: Cross.
P29.2. Queen commits adultery with husband’s foster son. Irish myth: Cross.
P29.3. Queen (princess) pours liquor for battle champions. Irish myth: Cross.
P30. Princes. Irish myth: Cross.
P30.1. King’s sons called kings. Icelandic: Boberg.
P31. Prince must learn a trade. (Cf. P51.) *Chauvin VI 74 No. 239.
P31.1. Princes as smiths. Irish myth: Cross.
P32. Friendship of prince and commoner. India: Thompson-Balys.
P32.1. All children born in realm on same day as chief‘s son are brought to palace to be the boy’s companions. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 441.
P34. Prince imprisoned as hostage for safety from king. Irish myth: Cross.
P35. Unknown prince chosen chief of children in play. *Type 920; *DeVries FFC LXXIII 40ff.
P36. Dispossessed prince taunted by usurper‘s son. West Africa: Frobenius Atlantis VI 182ff. No. 4.
P37. Birth rites confer royalty on infant prince. Easter Island: Métraux Ethnology 59.
P38. Prince forfeits father’s and God‘s blessing if he fails to claim throne. English romance: Malory I 4.
P40. Princesses.
P41. Princess cannot be married to someone of low caste, though he passes suitor test. India: Thompson-Balys.
P41.1. Great warrior destroyed by king when he asks for princess in marriage. India: Thompson-Balys.
P50. Noblemen (knights).
P50.0.1. King and vassals: obligations of vassals to king. Irish myth: Cross.
P50.0.1.1. King demands open gate to vassals‘ castle (city). Irish myth: Cross.
P50.1. Earl. Icelandic: *Boberg.
P50.1.1. Earl’s name preferred to king‘s. Icelandic: Boberg.
P50.2. Marshall.
P51. Noble person saves self from difficulties by knowledge of a trade. (Cf. P31.) Chauvin VIII 111 No. 90.
P52. Knight jousts with all comers. (Cf. P561.) English romance: Malory passim.
P52.1. Knight’s duty to perform as lady bids. English romance: Malory VI 5.
P55. Wild man of noble birth. (Cf. F567.) Dickson 135 n. 117; Irish myth: Cross.
P60. Noble (gentle) ladies.
P61. Noble woman given to foreigners on condition that thereafter their land be held by female right. Irish myth: Cross.
P90. Royalty and nobility – miscellaneous.
P92. Bathing pool reserved for royalty. Tahiti: Henry Ancient Tahiti (Honolulu, 1928) 608.
P93. Certain foods, ornaments, feathers, etc. reserved for royalty. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 376.
P94. Garment must be removed in presence of certain high chiefs. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 376.
P95. Impossible to refuse the request of a troubled nobleman. Greek: Odyssey IV 653.

Next group

Previous group