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Prevuius group

Group No. 193


Letter

N. Chance and fate

Group No.

N800 – N899

Group name

Helpers

Description

N800. N800. Helpers.
 
N801. N801. Helper grateful for being bought from slavery. Type 516; Rösch FFC LXXVII 97.
 
N810. N810. Supernatural helpers. Irish myth: *Cross; Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish: Espinosa II Nos. 111f., Espinosa Jr. Nos. 117, 138, 140, 149, 202 – 204; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
N810.1. N810.1. Invisible guardians. Hindu: Tawney I 193, 544; Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
N810.2. N810.2. Helper‘s beard and eyebrows cut. Only after hero has performed this service is help forthcoming. *BP II 392.
 
N810.3. N810.3. Hero’s divine father as helper. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
N810.4. N810.4. Supernatural helper comes from sky. Korean: Zong in-Sob 65 No. 35.
 
N810.5. N810.5. Supernatural person disguised as servant as helper. Irish myth: *Cross.
 
N810.6. N810.6. Saint disguised (as poor man) as helper. Irish myth: Cross.
 
N811. N811. Supernatural godfather. A king chooses as the godfather of his son the first man he meets. The godfather proves to be supernatural. *Type 652; *BP I 377ff., II 121ff., III 18.
 
N812. N812. Giant or ogre as helper. *Types 531, 709; Böklen 84ff.; BP III 18ff.; Malone PMLA XLIII 412; Irish myth: *Cross; Missouri French: Carrière; India: *Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 471; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 44, (Benga): Nassau 208ff.
 
D812.11. Magic object received from giant.
 
N812.0.1. N812.0.1. Giant‘s help secured by feeding him. *Type 531; BP III 18ff.
 
N812.1. N812.1. Wise giant as foster father of hero. Icelandic: Olrik Sakses Oldhistorie I (1892) 40ff., *Boberg.
 
N812.2. N812.2. Giantess as foster mother and helper of hero. Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
N812.3. N812.3. Grateful giantess as helper. Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
N812.4. N812.4. Giantess helps the man she loves. Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
N812.5. N812.5. Monster grateful to hero for being spared becomes helpful. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
N812.6. N812.6. Ogre magically produces water for caravan. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 15.
 
N812.7. N812.7. Chief with three supernatural ogre helpers. Marquesas: Handy 76.
 
N813. N813. Helpful genie (spirit). *Types 561, 562; *Aarne MSFO XXV 3 – 82; *BP II 535ff., 547ff.; *Fischer-Bolte 215. – Missouri French: Carrière; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1302; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 182; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 67, 140, 142; Samoa: Beckwith Myth 438, 442; Easter Island: Métraux Ethnology 319, 369, 375; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 3/1007, 13/174, 221), Henry Ancient Tahiti (Honolulu, 1928) 520f., Beckwith Myth 450; S. A. Indian (Mura): Métraux MAFLS XL 36; Africa (Fang): Tessman 194.
 
N814. N814. Helpful angel. Hdwb. d. Märchens I 535b; Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
N814.1. N814.1. Man carried through air by angel. Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas I 117, 374.
 
N815. N815. Fairy as helper. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
N815.0.1. N815.0.1. Helpful tree-spirit. (Cf. F441.2.) India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 534.
 
N815.0.2. N815.0.2. Helpful water-spirit. (Cf. F420.) India: Thompson-Balys.
 
N815.0.2.1. N815.0.2.1. Gift of gold bracelet from river goddess. (Cf. A4215.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.
 
N815.1. N815.1. Fairy nurse as helper. Irish myth: Cross.
 
N816. N816. Santa Claus as bringer of Christmas gifts. *Hoffman-Krayer Zs. f. Vksk. XXV 121 nn. 7 – 9.
 
N817. N817. Deity as helper. Greek: Iliad and Odyssey passim; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 840, II 504.
 
N817.0.1. N817.0.1. God as helper. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 22, 111, 174.
 
N817.0.2. N817.0.2. Goddess as helper. Greek: Grote I 54; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 979.
 
N817.1. N817.1. Gods discuss means of settling dispute among girl’s suitors. Venus has girl make her own choice. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
N818. N818. Sky as helper. Africa (Thonga): Junod 266ff.
 
N818.1. N818.1. Sun as helper. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
N819. N819. Supernatural helpers – miscellaneous.
 
N819.1. N819.1. Immortal as helper. Chinese: Graham.
 
N819.2. N819.2. Transformed person as helper. Chinese: Graham.
 
N819.2.1. N819.2.1. Transformed mother as helper. Chinese: Graham.
 
N819.3. N819.3. Helpful vital heads. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
N819.3.1. N819.3.1. Helpful speaking skull. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
N819.4. N819.4. Supernatural medicine-man as helper. S. A. Indian (Tupenamba): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 168.
 
N820. N820. Human helpers.
 
N821. N821. Help from little man. *Types 513B, 570; *BP III 267ff.
 
N822. N822. Lame boy (girl) as helper. Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 35, 58, 248, 280.
 
N825. N825. Old person as helper. Spanish: Espinosa II Nos. 99 – 103, 119 – 121, 126 – 132.
 
N825.1. N825.1. Childless old couple adopt hero. Malone: PMLA XLIII 399.
 
N825.2. N825.2. Old man helper. *Types 307, 329, 480, 512*; *BP III 365ff., 534ff.; *Chauvin VI 109 No. 273 n. 1; Roberts 150. – Irish myth: Cross; Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish: Espinosa II Nos. 75, 99 – 103, 138f.; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Japanese: Ikeda; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/174); Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 461; N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 88 No. 4; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 83.
 
N825.3. N825.3. Old woman helper. *Types 316, 400, 480, 707; *BP II 380ff., 466; *Cosquin Études 563; Hdwb. d. Märchens I s.v. “Alte im Walde”; Roberts 150. – Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Finnish: Kalevala rune 7; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “vieille”; Missouri French: Carrière; Italian: Basile Pentamerone V No. 9, Rotunda; Spanish: Espinosa II Nos. 99 – 103, 126 – 132, Espinosa Jr. Nos. 107, 109; India: *Thompson-Balys; Korean: Zong in-Sob 63, 166; Polynesia (general): Beckwith Myth chapt. 17 passim; Hawaii: ibid. 257 – 264, 491; Tahiti: ibid. 251; Tonga: Gifford 156; Maori: Dixon 59; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 162; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 327 n. 180; Africa: Werner African 233, (Ekoi): Talbot 18, 207, 235, 364, (Basuto): Jacottet 118 No. 17, 142 No. 20, 204 No. 30, 226 No. 33, (Kaffir): Theal 48ff., 82, 145, (Zanzibar): Bateman 128 No. 7, (Angola): Chatelain 47 No. 1, 57 No. 2, 93 No. 5, (Zulu): Callaway 217.
 
N825.3.1. N825.3.1. Help from old beggar woman. *Hdwb. d. Märchens I 248b; BP III 206 (Grimm No. 150.)
 
N825.3.2. N825.3.2. Old woman by spring as helper. *Type 480; Roberts 151; Italian: Basile Pentamerone IV No. 7.
 
N825.3.3. N825.3.3. Help from grandmother. N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 69.
 
N826. N826. Help from beggar. (Cf. N825.3.1.) *Type 531; Fb “tigger” III 794b; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
N827. N827. Child as helper. (Cf. N832.) Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 105 No. 860; Chinese: Graham; Korean: Zong in-Sob 47.
 
N828. N828. Wise woman as helper. Italian: Basile Pentamerone V No. 3.
 
N831. N831. Girl as helper. Types 311, 313; Dickson 52f.; Tobler Epiphanie der Seele 71; Missouri French: Carrière; India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
N831.1. N831.1. Mysterious housekeeper. Men find their house mysteriously put in order. Discover that it is done by a girl (frequently an animal transformed into a girl). *Type 709; **Böklen Sneewittchenstudien 89ff.; MacCulloch Childhood 261; *BP I 450ff.; Hatt Asiatic Influences 96 – 102. – Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “menage”; Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. Nos. 71 – 74, 81, Espinosa II No. 114, Boggs FFC XC 48 No. 327D*; Italian: Basile Pentamerone IV No. 6; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Korean: Zong in-Sob 30; Indonesia: DeVries‘s list No. 152, Dixon 218; New Britain, Philippine, Melanesia: Dixon 110 n. 25, 224 nn. 27, 28; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 34; Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 88, (West Hudson Bay): Boas BAM XV 223; N.A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 335 n. 207; S. A. Indian: *Jijena Sanchez 23, (Surinam): Alexander Lat. Am. 274; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 134, 136, (Basuto): Jacottet 110 No. 16, (Kaffir): Theal 74, (Congo): Weeks 215 No. 11, (Zulu): Callaway 124.
 
N831.1.1. N831.1.1. Mysterious housekeeper is fairy mistress. Irish myth: *Cross.
 
N832. N832. Boy as helper. (Cf. N827). Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
 
N832.1. N832.1. Boy as mysterious housekeeper for buffalo herd. (Cf. H831.1.) India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
N832.2. N832.2. Sons as helpers. Type 551; Icelandic: Boberg.
 
N835. N835. Wealthy (powerful) man as helper. French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 14.
 
N836. N836. King as helper. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
N836.1. N836.1. King adopts hero (heroine). English: Wells 8 (King Horn), 11 (Horn Childe and Maiden Rimnild), 17 (Reinbrun, Gy sone of Warwike), 20 (William of Palerne), 115 (Sir Eglamour of Artois), 117 (Sir Torrent of Portyngale); Icelandic: Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
N836.2. N836.2. Each of four kings does something to save dying falcon. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
N836.3. N836.3. King helps princes in exile to avenge their father and take their homeland back. Icelandic: Boberg.
 
N837. N837. Queen as helper. Icelandic: Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 239.
 
N838. N838. Hero (culture hero) as helper. Irish myth: *Cross.
 
N841. N841. Shepherd as helper. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 54 No. 405A*, Espinosa Jr. No. 215; Chinese: Graham.
 
N842. N842. Cook as helper.
 
N842.1. N842.1. Cook as foster father. Arabian: Burton I 226.
 
N843. N843. Hermit as helper. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; English: Wells 66 (Ywain and Gawain); Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 70 No. 535, Espinosa Jr. Nos. 129, 139; India: *Thompson-Balys; Hindu: Tawney I 486, II 146.
 
N844. N844. Dervish as helper. Malone PMLA XLIII 400.
 
N844.1. N844.1. Sadhu as helper. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
N844.2. N844.2. Fakir as helper. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
N845. N845. Magician as helper. Dickson 121 n. 64; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3669, Legends No. 621; India: *Thompson-Balys; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 3/1386, 13/203, 317).
 
N846. N846. Cleric as helper.
 
N846.1. N846.1. Palmer as helper. Dickson 63.
 
N846.2. N846.2. Priest as helper. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 3/1174).
 
N847. N847. Prophet as helper. Moreno Esdras (N829); Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman.
 
N848. N848. Saint (pious man) as helper. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
N848.0.1. N848.0.1. Holy man as helper. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
N848.1. N848.1. Hero ransoms maltreated picture of a saint. As reward he gets help from the grateful saint. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 506C*.
 
N848.2. N848.2. A wise man (saint, brahmin) recognizes that a man unwittingly carries a venomous serpent in his proviant sack and warns him. Krappe Moyen Age (1937) No. 4.
 
N851. N851. Merchant as helper. Malone PMLA XLIII 409; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
N852. N852. Soldier as helper. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
 
N854. N854. Peasant as helper. Icelandic: Ásmundar saga Kappabana 472, Boberg.
 
N854.1. N854.1. Peasant as foster father. Icelandic: Boberg.
 
N855. N855. Helpful smith. Missouri French: Carrière.
 
N855.1. N855.1. Smith as foster father. *Von Sydow Sigurds strid med Fåvne 19ff.; Icelandic: Boberg.
 
N856. N856. Helpful forester. English: Wells 96 (Chevalere Assigne).
 
N856.1. N856.1. Forester as foster father. *Type 652; BP II 121ff., *122; Icelandic: Boberg.
 
N856.2. N856.2. Cowherd as foster father. Irish myth: Cross.
 
N857. N857. Enemy’s servant as helper. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
N861. N861. Foundling helper. Type 516; Rösch FFC LXXVII 96; Icelandic: Boberg.
 
N863. N863. Slave (swineherd) as helper of princess. Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
H38.3. Slave recognized by his conversation, habits and character.
 
N864. N864. Leper as helper. Irish myth: *Cross.
 
N884. N884. Robber as helper. West Africa: Nassau Fetischism in West Africa (London, 1904) No. 2.
 
N884.1. N884.1. Robber helps king. *Type 952; *BP III 450ff.; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
N886. N886. Blind man carries lame man. They thus combine and are able to get along. *Type 519; *Wesselski Arlotto II 255 n. 1; Herbert III 192; Oesterley No. 71; Scala Celi 23b No. 151. – Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 68, *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 53; N. A. Indian (Navaho): Alexander N. Am. 174.
 
N886.1. N886.1. Hunchback leads blind man. India: Thompson-Balys.

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