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Prevuius group

Group No. 186


N. Chance and fate

Group No.

N0 – N99

Group name

Wagers and gambling


N0. N0. Wagers and gambling. *Penzer II 232 n., VII 72 n. 2; Paton Encyc. Rel. and Ethics s.v. “Gambling”; *Fb “kort” II 278; Jewish: *Neuman.
N1. N1. Gamblers. Spanish: Espinosa Jr. Nos. 70 – 73, 210; Missouri French: Carrière; Jewish: *Neuman.
N1.0.1. N1.0.1. Gambling caused by possession of men by evil demons. India: Thompson-Balys.
N1.1. N1.1. Hero makes fortune through gambling. Scotch: Campbell Tales II 253, 271.
N1.2. N1.2. Conquering gambler. Bankrupt gambler gets supernatural power and wins back his fortune. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 354 n. 276, (Zuñi): Benedict II 342, (Klikitat): Jacobs U Wash II 5.
N1.2.1. N1.2.1. The miracle of broken die at gambling saves man. Krappe Hispanic Review XIV (1946) 164ff.
N1.2.2. N1.2.2. Dice made from bones from graveyard. India: *Thompson-Balys.
N1.3. N1.3. Betting contest between two kings. Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 8.
N2. N2. Extraordinary stakes at gambling. Irish myth: Cross.
N2.0.1. N2.0.1. Play for unnamed stakes. Irish myth: *Cross; Scottish: Campbell-McKay Nos. 1, 17.
N2.0.2. N2.0.2. Stakes not claimed by winner, who insists on another game. Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 17.
N2.1. N2.1. Own body as stake: to be taken as slave. Missouri French: Carrière; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 882; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 354 n. 277.
N2.2. N2.2. Lives wagered. *Fb “spille” III 487b; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys; Burmese: Scott Indo-Chinese 323; Hawaii Beckwith Myth 111, 459; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 354 n. 277; Africa (Fjort): Dennett 71 No. 15.
N2.3. N2.3. Bodily members wagered.
N2.3.1. N2.3.1. Head wagered. India: *Thompson-Balys.
N2.3.2. N2.3.2. Hand wagered. To be cut off. Penzer II 232n.
N2.3.2.1. N2.3.2.1. Hands and feet wagered. India: Thompson-Balys.
N2.3.3. N2.3.3. Eyes wagered. *Type 613; Christiansen FFC XXIV 48ff., 55; India: *Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 82.
N2.3.4. N2.3.4. Nose wagered. India: Thompson-Balys.
N2.3.5. N2.3.5. Intestines wagered. Africa (Wute): Sieber 212f.
N2.4. N2.4. Helpful animals lost in wager. India: Thompson-Balys.
N2.5. N2.5. Whole kingdom (all property) as wager. *Fb “spille” III 487b, “konge” II 264b; Icelandic: Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 429.
N2.5.1. N2.5.1. Right of succession to the throne lost in gambling. India: Thompson-Balys.
N2.5.2. N2.5.2. Half kingdom as wager. India: Thompson-Balys.
N2.6. N2.6. Wife as wager. *Fb “spille” III 487b; Irish myth: *Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 216 No. 165; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 354 n. 276.
N2.6.1. N2.6.1. Sister as wager. India: *Thompson-Balys.
N2.6.2. N2.6.2. Daughter as wager. India: *Thompson-Balys.
N2.6.3. N2.6.3. Damsel as wager. India: Thompson-Balys.
N2.7. N2.7. Love wagered in game. Danish: Grundtvig No. 238; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
N3. N3. Supernatural adversary in gambling (witch or giant). Norse: Boberg.
N3.1. N3.1. Gambling with a god. India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian (Zuñi) *Benedict II 338.
N4. N4. Devil as gambler. Fb “kort” II 279a, “klör” II 204; Alphabet No. 450; Scala Celi 110b, 111a Nos. 615, 616; Irish: O’Suilleabhain 33, 36, Beal XXI 311, 313; Missouri French: Carrière.
N4.0.1. N4.0.1. Devil cheated at card playing. Fb “fanden” I 267b.
N4.1. N4.1. Devil makes wager with builder of Cologne Cathedral. Wünsche 83f.
N4.2. N4.2. Playing game of chance (or skill) with uncanny being. Irish myth: *Cross.
N5. N5. Card-playing parson. The parson plays cards all Saturday night, goes to sleep at church, and calls out the names of the cards. Type 1839A; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 1785E*. Cf. Type 1839B.
N6. N6. Luck in gambling.
N6.1. N6.1. Luck in gambling from compact with devil. Scala Celi 24a No. 154; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 55 No. 408A*, Espinosa Jr. Nos. 70 – 73.
N6.2. N6.2. Cuckold loses luck. A man‘s wife is deceived in order that he may lose in gambling. N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 81.
N6.3. N6.3. Saint helps gambler. Icelandic: Boberg.
N7. N7. Trained rat upsets pieces in gambling game: trained (or transformed) cat chases it away. India: *Thompson-Balys.
N8. N8. Gambler’s attention distracted by women. India: *Thompson-Balys.
N9. N9. Wagers and gambling – miscellaneous.
N9.1. N9.1. Gambler loses everything. (Cf. N2.5.) India: *Thompson-Balys.
N10. N10. Wagers on wives, husbands, or servants.
N11. N11. Wager on wife‘s complacency. Though the man has foolishly bargained everything away, she praises him and he wins the wager. Type 1415; *BP II 199; *Hdwb. d. Märchens I 187 n. 131.
N12. N12. Wager on the most obedient wife. The husband tames his shrewish wife so that he wins the wager. *Type 901; *Wesselski Märchen 216 No. 24; von der Hagen I lxxxii; *Köhler-Bolte I 137; Shakespeare‘s “The Taming of the Shrew”; N. A. Indian (Zuñi): Boas JAFL XXXV 76.
N12.1. N12.1. Wager: raja’s daughter will bring servant dinner in field. Merchant ignorant that she is his wife. India: *Thompson-Balys.
N13. N13. Husbands wager that they will be able to do what wives tell them to do. One is told to drown himself: loses wager. England: Baughman.
N15. N15. Chastity wager. A man makes a wager on his wife‘s chastity. In spite of unsuccessful attempts to seduce her and of false proofs presented, he wins the wager. *Type 882; *Köhler-Bolte I 211f., 375, 581; **G. Paris Romania XXXII 481ff.; *von der Hagen III lxxxiii; Boccaccio Decameron II No. 9 (Lee 42); Shakespeare’s “Cymbeline”; *Child V 500 s.v. “wager”. – Irish myth: Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 110; England: Baughman; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas@2 I 276ff., III 109, 304; India: *Thompson-Balys; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 62, 253ff.
N15.1. N15.1. Chastity wager: woman succumbs. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 51.
N15.2. N15.2. Wager on nun’s chastity. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 996.
N16. N16. Wagers on unborn children.
N16.1. N16.1. Wager on sex of unborn child. India: Thompson-Balys.
N16.2. N16.2. Fathers whose unborn children are affianced wager as to mastery in the house. (Cf. N12.) India: Thompson-Balys.
N25. N25. Wager on truthfulness of servant. The servant is sent to a neighbor‘s where he is made drunk and is seduced by the neighbor’s wife. He tells the master all. *Type 889; Wesselski Märchen 200; Wesselski Mönchslatein I No. 1; Fb “lyve” II 491a, “sandhed” III 157b; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
N50. N50. Other wagers.
N51. N51. Wager: who can call three tree names first. The bear names different varieties of the same tree, so that the fox wins the wager. *Type 7; Dh I 193; Krohn Bär (Wolf) und Fuchs (JSFO VI) 65ff.; Fb “træ” III 867b; N. A. Indian (San Carlos Apache): cf. Goddard PaAM XXIV 24.
N51.1. N51.1. Wager about tree names: learned and common names. Brahmin gives learned names but servant‘s common names are confirmed by illiterate peasants. India: Thompson-Balys.
N53. N53. Wager: it is an auspicious day. In spite of all misfortunes wagerer insists that he is right. (Cf. N127.) India: Thompson-Balys.
N55. N55. Shooting contest on wager. *Type 592; *BP II 490ff.; Spanish: Espinosa III 153.
N55.1. N55.1. Loser of shooting wager to go naked into thorns for bird. *Type 592; *BP II 490ff.
N56. N56. Wager: woman to turn somersault in middle of public square. It is performed not exactly in the center of the square; hence she loses. India: Thompson-Balys.
N61. N61. Wager that falsehood is better than truth. Left to unjust umpire, so that falsehood wins. *Type 613; *BP II 468ff.; **Christiansen FFC XXIV 47; Chauvin V 11 No. 8, 13 No. 9, 14 No. 158; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 489; India: *Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian: Thompson CColl II 395.
N63. N63. Wager: more doctors than men of other professions. The trickster feigns toothache. Everyone suggests remedies. He takes down their names as doctors and wins the wager. *Wesselski Gonnella 110 No. 11; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
N66. N66. Wager: fortune made from capital or from working at vocation. Test: money given to workman is stolen or lost; lead for his work given him is lent to fisherman who rewards him with a fish in which is a diamond. *Chauvin VI 32 No. 202.
N67. N67. Wager: woman can be forced to give alms. Trickster announces that only those who have deceived their husbands are exempt. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
N71. N71. Wager: to begin sermon with illustration from card-playing. Card-playing parson wins the wager. Type 1839B.
N72. N72. Wager on second marvelous object. First object has proved to be ordinary. King induced to make large wager that second is ordinary. He loses. India: *Thompson-Balys.
N73. N73. Wager: whose hunger is it more difficult to appease – that of man or that of beast? When nuts are strewn before master’s well-fed guests, they snatch and eat them. Herdsman wins wager. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 1545*.
N75. N75. Wager: to swallow egg with one gulp. Tricksters give numskull egg with chick in it. Fool hears chick peep as he starts to swallow his egg, but he says that the chick peeped too late. Spanish: Childers.
N77. N77. Wager: bullock to defeat elephant. Elephant is frightened and flees. India: Thompson-Balys.
N78. N78. Ghoulish wager won. England: *Baughman.
N90. N90. Wagers and gambling – miscellaneous.
N91. N91. Purchase of box without knowledge of its contents. *Chauvin VI 17 No. 189 n. 2.
N92. N92. Wager to win or lose according to whether jackal howls or ass brays before game is finished. India: Thompson-Balys.
N94. N94. Father hides wealth to keep son from gambling it away. India: Thompson-Balys.

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