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Prevuius group

Group No. 185


M. Ordaining the future

Group No.

M400 – M499

Group name



M400. Curses. *Encyc. Rel. Ethics s.v. “Cursing and Blessing”; Icelandic: *Boberg; Irish: *Cross, Beal XXI 326, 328, O’Suilleabhain 73, 88; Estonian: Loorits Grundzüge I 205ff.; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
M401. Cursing match (flyting). Irish myth: *Cross.
M402. Satire. Irish myth: *Cross.
M402.1. Woman satirist. Irish myth: *Cross.
M402.1.1. Woman satirists punished in hell. Irish myth: *Cross.
M402.2. No one to go security for a satirist. Irish myth: *Cross.
M403. Curse of everlasting terror. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 318.
M404. Unintentional curse or blessing takes effect. Jewish: *Neuman.
M410. Pronouncement of curses. Icelandic: Herrmann Saxo II 119.
M411. Deliverer of curse. India: Thompson-Balys.
M411.0.1. Curse by oneself. The person in despair curses himself to sink with palace into the earth. Lithuanian: Balys Historical; India: Thompson-Balys.
M411.1. Curse by parent. Penzer IV 230 n. 2; Irish myth: *Cross; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3591; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Greek: Fox 50 (Oedipus), Grote I 247; India: Thompson-Balys.
M411.1.1. Curse by stepmother. (Cf. S31.) Icelandic: *Boberg; Modern Icelandic: Rittershaus 34, 48, 50, 58, 66, 161, Sveinsson FFC LXXXIII xxviii ff.
M411.1.2. Curse by foster mother. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
M411.2. Beggar’s curse. Beggar is refused request. “May your bread turn to stones!” *Kittredge Witchcraft 132, 452 n. 52; England: Baughman; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. No. 183; India: *Thompson-Balys.
M411.3. Dying man‘s curse. Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek: Aeschylus Agamemnon 235.
M411.4. Man pursued by hatred of the gods. Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 74ff., *Cross; Greek: Grote I 147; India: *Thompson-Balys.
M411.4.1. Curse by a god. Icelandic: *Boberg.
M411.5. Old woman’s curse (satire). Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. No. 106; Italian: Basile Pentamerone
M411.6. Druid’s curse. Irish myth: *Cross.
M411.6.1. Druid‘s curse makes land sterile. Irish myth: *Cross.
M411.7. Curse by spirit. Irish myth: Cross.
M411.8. Saint’s (prophet‘s) curse. *Loomis White Magic 100f.; Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
M411.8.1. Saints curse by ringing bells against offender. Irish myth: *Cross.
M411.8.2. Hermit curses men who kill his pet bear and all the men die. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
M411.8.3. Curses on places because of offensive answer to saint. Irish myth: Cross.
M411.8.4. Animals cursed by saint. (Cf. M471.) *Loomis White Magic 100f.
M411.8.5. Saint curses books hidden by inhospitable host: no man shall read them. Irish myth: *Cross.
M411.9. Giantess lays a curse on the one on earth who eventually hears her. Icelandic: Boberg.
M411.10. Curse by berserk, giant (ogre). Icelandic: Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys.
M411.11. Curse by girl in revenge of the murdering of her foster father. Icelandic: Boberg.
M411.11.1. Curse by amazon, “skjaldmær”. (Cf. F565.) Icelandic: Boberg.
M411.12. Curse by witch. (Cf. G269.4.) Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys.
M411.13. Curse by thrall. Icelandic: *Boberg.
M411.14. Curse by priest. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
M411.14.1. Priest curses sinner: even his grave shall not rest. The grave rolls like a wave. U.S.: Baughman.
M411.14.2. Curse by anchorite. India: Thompson-Balys.
M411.14.3. Brahmin’s curse. India: Thompson-Balys.
M411.15. Curse by monk. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
M411.16. Fairy lays curse on village. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
M411.17. Curse by king. Irish myth: *Cross.
M411.18. Curse by poet. Irish myth: *Cross.
M411.19. Curse by animal.
M411.19.1. Curse by wounded animal. India: *Thompson-Balys.
M411.19.2. Ox curses ungrateful man. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 812.
M411.20. Curse by spouse. India: Thompson-Balys; Jewish: Neuman.
M411.21. Curse by disguised deity. India: Thompson-Balys.
M411.22. Curse by head of religious order. England: *Baughman.
M411.23. Curse by other wronged man or woman. England, U.S.: *Baughman.
M411.24. Curse on city by sage. India: Thompson-Balys.
M412. Time of giving curse.
M412.1. Curse given at birth of child. *Type 410; *BP I 434; Köhler-Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. VI 70 (to Gonzenbach No. 28); Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.
M412.2. Curse given on wedding night. Icelandic: Boberg.
M413. Place of giving curse.
M413.1. Curse given from a height. Will fall with full effect on objects at which it is aimed. Irish: Plummer clxxiv, Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
M414. Recipient of curse.
M414.1. God cursed. Jewish: *Neuman.
M414.2. Goddess cursed. Irish myth: Cross.
M414.3. Saint cursed. Irish myth: *Cross.
M414.4. Four year old girl cursed. Icelandic: Boberg.
M414.5. King cursed. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.
M414.6. Poet cursed. Irish myth: *Cross.
M414.7. Hostages cursed. Irish myth: Cross.
M414.8. Animals cursed.
M414.8.1. Mice (rats, cats) cursed. Irish myth: *Cross.
M414.8.2. Pigs cursed. Irish myth: Cross.
M414.8.3. Serpent cursed. Jewish: *Neuman.
M414.8.4. Birds cursed. Irish myth: Cross.
M414.9. Curse on wife‘s lover. India: Thompson-Balys.
M414.10. Thief cursed. Jewish: *Neuman.
M414.11. Man who betrays secrets cursed. Jewish: Neuman.
M414.12. Earth cursed. Jewish: Neuman.
M414.13. Curse on a deity.
M414.13.1. Curse: god to live life of a cat for twelve full years in house of huntsman on earth. India: Thompson-Balys.
M415. Irrevocable curse. Penzer VI 103 n. 1, 162 n. 1; Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
M416. Curse given to negate good wish. Odin gives man life three times the normal; Thor ordains that in each he is to commit crime. Odin gives him the choicest weapons; Thor denies him landed property, etc. Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 73.
M416.1. Curse: appetite of twelve men. Given with the gift of twelve men’s strength. Hartland Science 144.
M416.2. Curse: eternal life without eternal youth. Greek: Fox 246 (Tithonus).
M418. Method of cursing.
M418.1. Curse by “building a fire of stones” in fireplace. The person who removes the stones is cursed. U.S.: Baughman.
M420. Enduring and overcoming curses.
M421. Release from curse with birth of child. Penzer VIII 59 n. 2.
M422. Curse transferred to another person or thing. Irish: Plummer clxxiii, *Cross, Beal XXI 326, O‘Suilleabhain 73.
M423. Curse removed when victims reform. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
M425. Curse changed by God into blessing. Jewish: Neuman.
M427. Curse on everybody on earth who listens to the fatal mentioning of trolls’ names, is evaded by person in cave, because he is in the earth. Icelandic: *Boberg.
M428. Curse mitigated by deity when superhuman task is performed. India: Thompson-Balys.
M429. Miscellaneous ways to overcome curses. (Cf. D2071.1.)
M429.1. Release from curse by burning vomit. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
M429.2. Release from curse by putting pins around horse‘s heart and then boiling it. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
M429.3. Release from curse by burning animal in straw pile. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
M429.4. Release from curse by heating the colter of the plow in the stove. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
M429.5. Release from curse by pricking louse and hanging it on wall. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
M429.6. Release from curse by putting a five cent piece in the churn. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
M429.7. Release from curse by putting a piece of silver in the gun. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
M430. Curses on persons. Irish myth: *Cross.
M431. Curse: bodily injury. Lagerholm 106 – 107; Irish myth: Cross.
M431.1. Curse: loss of eye. *Type 1331; *BP II 219 n. 1; Irish myth: *Cross; and notes to J2074.
M431.2. Curse: toads from mouth. *Type 403; *Roberts 208; *BP I 99ff. *Fb “tudse” III 889a; India: *Thompson-Balys.
M431.3. Curse: fire to burn hands and feet. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 440.
M431.4. Curse: arm to fall off. Irish: Plummer clxxiv, Cross.
M431.4.1. Curse: hand of person cursed to drop off. U.S.: Baughman.
M431.5. Curse: wound not to heal. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.
M431.6. Wicked stepmother cursed to have fire lit under her. Icelandic: Boberg.
M431.7. Curse: leprosy. India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1050.
M431.8. Curse of sterility on wife of enemy. India: Thompson-Balys.
M431.9. Curse: head to split in seven pieces. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 279.
M431.10. Curse: to be plagued by nightmares. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 925.
M432. Curse: to be carried off by evil spirit. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 456; Hdwb. d. Märchens I 547a nn. 127 – 139.
M433. Endless sleep given Endymion. Greek: Fox 245.
M434. Curse: to be swallowed by a siren. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
M435. Curse: not to taste food from own table. Food always seized by harpies. Greek: Fox 111.
M436. Curse: prince to fall in love with witch‘s daughter. Italian: Basile Pentamerone II No. 7.
M437. Curse: monstrous birth.
M437.1. Curse: “What I carry may you carry; what you carry may I carry.” Cat thus causes ungrateful pregnant woman to bear cats and herself to bear twin girls. India: Thompson-Balys.
M437.2. Jealous sisters curse the child one of them may have by the god Thor, so that it never will grow nor thrive. Icelandic: *Boberg.
M438. Curse: humiliation. Irish myth: Cross.
M438.1. Curse: man (poet) to kiss a leper. Irish myth: *Cross.
M438.2. Curse: hero not to be able to stand the sight of blood. Icelandic: *Boberg.
M438.3. Girl bewitched so that no man will remain faithful to her. Icelandic: Boberg.
M438.4. Curse: hero to remain as dead till the curser dies. Icelandic: *Boberg.
M438.5. Dying father condemns weak son to be servant of his brothers. Irish myth: Cross.
M441. Curse: failure in all undertakings. India: *Thompson-Balys.
M441.1. Curse: man’s sword will fail in danger. Icelandic: Boberg.
M441.1.1. Curse: when brothers‘ swords bite the very best, they will all be killed by a single man. Icelandic: Boberg.
M442. Curse: deformity. Irish myth: Cross.
M442.1. Curse: descendants to be unshapely. Irish myth: *Cross.
M442.2. Curse: she-wolf to carry off man’s genitals. Irish myth: *Cross.
M443. Curse: privation. Irish myth: Cross.
M443.1. Curse: lack of food, shelter, good company. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.
M444. Curse of childlessness.
M444.1. Curse laid on unborn child; it is stillborn. India: Thompson-Balys.
M445. Giant cursed: may neither heaven nor earth receive him. Irish myth: Cross.
M446. Curse: undertaking dangerous quest. Icelandic: *Boberg.
M446.1. Curse: undertaking dangerous revenge of father. Icelandic: Boberg.
M448. Curse: to sink into the earth. Tupper and Ogle Walter Map 91; India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 585.
M448.1. Curse: ground shall swallow children. India: Thompson-Balys.
M451. Curse: death. England, U.S.: *Baughman; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 126.
M451.1. Death by suicide. England, Wales: *Baughman.
M451.2. Death by drowning. England, U.S.: *Baughman.
M452. Curse: insanity. U.S., Wales: Baughman.
M453. Curse: corpse to be put in three different places after person‘s death. India: Thompson-Balys.
M454. Curse: change of sex. India: *Thompson-Balys.
M455. Curse: restlessness. (Cf. K1837.4.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Lagerholm lxi – ii.
M455.1. Hero cursed to restlessness (except on boat or in tent), till he sees girl. (Cf. D1900.) Icelandic: *Boberg.
M455.2. Curse: not to be able to love the same woman more than twelve months. Icelandic: Boberg.
M455.3. Thrall cursed to sit on chest and yell and never have rest. Icelandic: Lagerholm 99 – 100, *Boberg.
M455.4. Curse: couple to wander until new seat of race is pointed out. India: Thompson-Balys.
M458. Curse of petrifaction. India: Thompson-Balys.
M459. Miscellaneous curses on persons.
M459.1. Curse: woman will not travel far. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
M460. Curses on families. Irish: Plummer clxxiv, *Cross; England, Wales, U.S.: Baughman; Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek: Fox 120 (Tantalus), Grote I 244f. (Oedipus); Jewish: Neuman; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 108.
M460.1. Curse: children will be sick. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
M461. Curse: descendants of nine robbers never to exceed nine. Irish: Cross, Plummer clxxiv.
M461.1. Curse on village: descendants never to exceed certain number. (Cf. M475.) Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
M462. Curse: race to lose sovereignty. Irish myth: *Cross; U.S.: Baughman.
M463. Curse on tribe (district). Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
M464. Curse of a woman against her caste: they should remain unclothed and untaught. India: Thompson-Balys.
M470. Curses on objects or animals.
M471. Curses on animals. (Cf. M411.8.4.) U.S.: Baughman.
M471.1. Curse: cow will give red milk. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
M471.1.1. Curse: milk will not turn to butter. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
M471.2. Cursing to make pigs lean. Irish myth: Cross; French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
M471.3. Curse: horses will die. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
M471.3.1. Curse: horse will be lame. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
M474. Curse on land. U.S.: *Baughman.
M475. Curse on a city. (Cf. M461.1.) Irish myth: *Cross (M430.0.1).
M475.1. Curse on a city: never to grow. North Carolina: Brown Collection I 691.
M476. Curse on river. Irish myth: Cross.
M476.1. Curse on river or sea: no fish in it from that day. Irish myth: *Cross.
M477. Curse on lake.
M477.1. Curse on lake: fire from lake will burn the forest around it. Icelandic: Boberg.
M490. Curses – miscellaneous.
M491. Presence of cursed person brings disaster to land. Greek: Fox 50, 55.
M493. Whomsoever demons curse is blessed, and vice versa. Irish myth: Cross.

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