Back to motif List page

Back to Thompson motifs main page

Back to Masa Site

Back to Hebrew Masa site


Search the database

Next group

Prevuius group

Group No. 175


K. Deceptions

Group No.

K2300 – K2399

Group name

Other deceptions


K2300. K2300. Other deceptions.
K2310. K2310. Deception by equivocation. Irish myth: *Cross; Missouri French: Carrière.
K2311. K2311. The single cake. Restricted to a single cake during Lent, the peasants make one as large as a cart wheel. Type 1565*.
K2312. K2312. Oath literally obeyed.
K2312.1. K2312.1. Oath literally obeyed: to tell no Christian. Woman thus sworn to secrecy talks to her unchristened child. Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 20.
K2312.2. K2312.2. Saint, when forced to return to his monastery after swearing not to ”come with his face before him,“ comes walking backwards. Irish myth: *Cross.
K2313. K2313. Death message softened by equivocations. Various false explanations are given to prepare the hearer. English: Child I 376 – 387 passim.
K2314. K2314. One day and one night. Saint has tribute remitted for a day and a night, i.e. forever, because there is but one day and one night in time. Irish myth: *Cross.
K2314.1. K2314.1. One day and one night: object borrowed for a day and a night retained. Irish myth: Cross.
K2314.2. K2314.2. King induced by saint to remit tribute till Luan. ”Luan“ means both ”Monday“ and ”Doomsday.“ (Cf. K2319.2.) Irish myth: *Cross.
K2314.2.1. K2314.2.1. Water-monster allows saint to place cauldron over its head until Luan. Irish myth: *Cross.
K2315. K2315. Peasant betrays fox by pointing. The peasant has hidden the fox in a basket and promised not to tell. When the hunters come, he says, ”The fox just went over the hill,“ but points to the basket. **Krohn Mann und Fuchs 61ff.; Wienert FFC LVI 68 (ET 324), 102 (ST 150); Halm Aesop No. 35; *Köhler-Bolte I l; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 35 No. *161, Espinosa Jr. No. 24.
K2316. K2316. Thieves dig field and drain tank when miser says gold is hidden there. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2319. K2319. Deception by equivocation – miscellaneous.
K2319.1. K2319.1. One foot in Ireland, one in Scotland. Man carries sods of two countries with him that his whereabouts will be so defined. Irish myth: *Cross.
K2319.2. K2319.2. Warrior proposes to fight in single combat. Fights with aid of sons and grandsons. They belong to him. Irish myth: *Cross.
K2319.3. K2319.3. Saint hides fugitive from king underground. When king demand fugitive, saint (who never lies) replies, ”Verily, I know not where he is, if he is not under thee even where thou art.“ The king is satisfied and departs. Later suspects trick and arrests fugitive. Irish myth: Cross.
K2320. K2320. Deception by frightening. Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. No. 5; West Indies: Flowers 536.
K2321. K2321. Corpse set up to frighten people. *Type 1536; *Taylor MPh XV 225 n. 1; Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 73, 360; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2321.1. K2321.1. Man who killed mother uses her corpse to get presents. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 161.
K2321.2. K2321.2. Dummy set up as corpse to frighten people. Italian Novella: Rotunda; N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 69.
K2322. K2322. The three hunchback brothers drowned. A drunken man is employed, by the woman who has accidently slain three hunchback brothers, to throw one into the river. He does so. Then she puts another out and finally the third. The man thinks they keep coming to life. Finally he sees the woman‘s hunchback husband and drowns him. *Type 1536B; *BP III 485; **Pillet Das Fablaiu von les trois bossus menestrals (1901); *Taylor MPh XV 223 n. 3; *Chauvin VIII 72; *Herbert III 203; Spanish: Espinosa II Nos. 31f.; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda.
K2323. K2323. The cowardly duelers. In the war between the wild and the domestic animals, the cat raises her tail; the wild animals think that it is a gun and flee. *Type 104; *BP I 425; Dh IV 209; Spanish: Espinosa III Nos. 246 – 248.
K2323.1. K2323.1. Fox’s tail drops and frightens animals. In war between birds and quadrupeds the fox‘s lifted tail is to be the signal for the attack. Gnats sting the fox under the tail. He drops it and the quadrupeds flee. *Type 222; BP II 435ff.; Japanese: Ikeda.
K2323.2. K2323.2. He-goat bleats and frightens animals assembled for fight. Spanish: Espinosa III Nos. 246 – 248; Indonesia: DeVries’s list No. 89.
K2323.3. K2323.3. Old woman and tiger flee in terror from each other. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2324. K2324. Hiding from the strange animal. A cat shrieks and the frightened bear falls out of the tree and hurts himself. *Type 103; BP I 425; Japanese: Ikeda.
K2324.1. K2324.1. Ferocious animal frightened by ass braying. India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2325. K2325. Devil frightened by threatening to bring mother-in-law. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 51 No. 340*.
K2327. K2327. Wolf-captor scared by fiddle-playing of captive ram, who escapes. American Negro (Georgia): Harris Nights 44 No. 9.
K2335. K2335. Parson is tricked into giving up his room. Is told there is a snake in it. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
K2336. K2336. Tiger frightened away from man‘s tree refuge by man’s stick and rope. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2338. K2338. Wife, to drive away parasite priest, tells him husband has gone to get drunk and will kill him with rice mortar on his return. He leaves in haste. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2345. K2345. Ogre frightened at rustling. Man sets juniper afire. Type 1145; Japanese: Ikeda.
K2345.1. K2345.1. Tiger frightened at sound of clashing knives: thinks it is leak in house of which he is afraid. Chinese: Graham.
K2345.2. K2345.2. Bear frightened by wife‘s sneezing. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2346. K2346. Wooden image frightens away invaders. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 388.
K2350. K2350. Military strategy.
K2351. K2351. Animals help in military victory.
K2351.1. K2351.1. Sparrows of Cirencester. Fire is attached to birds who fly in and set fire to a besieged city. **Krappe MPh XXIII 7ff.; **DeVries Arkiv för Nordisk Filologi XLVII 66ff.; Stender-Petersen Edda Nordisk Tidsskrift f. Litteraturforskning 1929, 145 – 64; Herrmann Saxo II 93; *Liebrecht 109f.; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.
K2351.1.1. K2351.1.1. Fire tied to foxes’ tails: destroys enemy‘s cities and fields. Jewish: Neuman.
K2351.2. K2351.2. Bees thrown into redoubt drive out enemies. *Fb ”bi“ IV 36b; Deutschbein I 256; Hdwb. d. Abergl. I 1249; *Liebrecht 75; India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2351.2.1. K2351.2.1. Bees carried in drum attack and defeat attacking army. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2351.2.2. K2351.2.2. Ashes transformed into bees, wasps, scorpions and snakes drive invading army away for hero. India: Thompson-Balys
K2351.3. K2351.3. Mice and hogs let loose put elephant cavalry to flight. *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 528; Spanish: Espinosa III Nos. 246 – 248; Jewish: Neuman.
K2351.4. K2351.4. Elephant drunk with toddy sent to attack enemy. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 1108, II 527.
K2351.5. K2351.5. Horses frightened by instruments of war are backed into enemy’s ranks. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
K2351.5.1. K2351.5.1. Birds frighten enemy‘s horses so that they throw their riders down. Icelandic: Boberg.
K2351.6. K2351.6. Wild horses with bags containing stones tied to their tails, driven into enemy‘s camp to cause stampede. Irish myth: Cross.
K2351.6.1. K2351.6.1. Horse with basket of powdered peppers sent into hostile camp: enemy overcome. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2351.6.1.1. K2351.6.1.1. Hot pepper mixed with flour supplying enemy camp. Thinking they have been poisoned, they beat a retreat. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2351.7. K2351.7. Wild fawn sent by saint into hostile army, so that all follow it and leader (enemy of saint) is slain. Irish myth: Cross.
K2351.8. K2351.8. Strategy to get into enemy city: huge rat makes a burrow. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2352. K2352. Women spread shawls on enemy’s path and entangle them. They are easily defeated. *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 525.
K2352.1. K2352.1. Fresh hides spread so that enemy slips and falls. Herrmann Saxo II 327, 596; Icelandic: Boberg.
K2353. K2353. Treasure cast down crushes besiegers. English: Wells 85 (The Sowdone of Babylone).
K2354. K2354. Treacherous priests prolong mass to let enemy destroy city. Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 301 No. 17, 326 No. 28.
K2356. K2356. Women throw ashes in eyes of attacking soldiers, so that they are defeated. Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 301 No. 17; Jewish: *Neuman.
K2356.1. K2356.1. Man blinded by throwing dust in his eyes: he is robbed. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2357. K2357. Disguise to enter enemy‘s camp (castle). Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Spanish Exempla: Keller; India: Panchatantra III 5 (tr. Ryder 328ff.).
K2357.0.1. K2357.0.1. Disguise to spy on enemy. Icelandic: *Boberg.
K2357.0.2. K2357.0.2. Owner admitted into his own castle, captured in his absence, in guise of a monk. He has given news to conqueror of his purported death. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2357.1. K2357.1. Disguise as musician to enter enemy’s camp. Herrmann Saxo II 210; Irish myth: Cross; Collingwood Sagabook of the Viking Society X (1) 134.
K2357.2. K2357.2. Disguise as pilgrim to enter enemy‘s camp (castle). Massmann Kaiserchronik III 110.
K2357.3. K2357.3. Disguise as old man to enter enemies’ camp. Maori: Beckwith Myth 250.
K2357.4. K2357.4. Rabbi feigns death to be carried out of the besieged city and to approach enemy. Jewish: Neuman.
K2357.5. K2357.5. Weapons disguised permit entry to enemies‘ camp. Jewish: Neuman; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 390.
K2357.6. K2357.6. Woman disguises as man to enter enemy’s camp. Slays enemy king. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
K2357.7. K2357.7. Disguise in killed enemy’s clothes to enter enemy‘s castle. Icelandic: Boberg.
K2357.8. K2357.8. Disguise as woman to enter enemy‘s camp (castle). Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys.
K2357.9. K2357.9. Disguise as beggar (pauper) to enter enemy‘s camp (castle) or to spy. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek: Grote I 276.
K2357.10. K2357.10. Disguise as merchant to enter enemy’s castle. (Cf. K1817.4.) Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.
K2357.11. K2357.11. Disguise as leper to enter enemy‘s camp. (Cf. K1818.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.
K2357.12. K2357.12. Disguise as carpenter (tradesman) to enter enemy’s camp. (Cf. K1816.11.) Irish myth: Cross.
K2357.13. K2357.13. Disguise as juggler to enter enemy‘s camp. Irish myth: Cross.
K2357.14. K2357.14. Disguise as churl (bachlach) to enter enemy’s hall. Irish myth: *Cross.
K2357.15. K2357.15. Capture by hiding warriors in baskets on back of oxen driven into enemy‘s camp on pretence that food is being brought. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.
K2358. K2358. Man disguised as animal sent among enemy that first blood be spilled by other side. Irish myth: Cross.
K2361. K2361. Woman saves herself from soldiers by receiving them joyfully rather than fearfully. Alphabet No. 541; India: Thompson-Balys.
K2362. K2362. Capture of castle by feigning death. *DeVries Arkiv f. Nordisk Filologi XLVII 56ff., 67ff.; Wilken Geschichte der Kreuzzüge II 321ff.; Herrmann Saxo II 126; Icelandic: Boberg.
K2363. K2363. Spies’ false report of enemies‘ weakness brings on premature attack. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 394.
K2364. K2364. Enemy’s ships fired by use of fireship. English: Malory X 32; Greek: Iliad XVI 84.
K2364.1. K2364.1. Enemies defeated by setting forest afire. Africa (Fang): Trilles 202.
K2365. K2365. Enemy induced to give up siege.
K2365.1. K2365.1. Enemy induced to give up siege by pretending to have plenty of food. Grimm Deutsche Sagen 460, 470, 504; Von der Leyen Sagenbuch III 1 No. 75, 2 No. 278; Lübbing Friesische Sagen 65; Laport FFC LXXXIV 182; Herodotus I ch. 22; Ovid Fasti VI 349ff.; Japanese: Ikeda.
K2365.2. K2365.2. Enemy induced to surrender city by show of wealth on part of besiegers, who shoot golden apples over walls. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
K2365.3. K2365.3. Enemy soldiers persuaded by show of great wealth and generosity of king to desert to his side. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
K2366. K2366. City is falsely promised to enemy. When they enter they are attacked and defeated. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
K2366.1. K2366.1. Trickster admits defeat: enemy and friends invited to fort for ceremony and then attacked. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2367. K2367. Besieger scatters beads in protecting hedge: besieged destroy hedge to find beads. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2368. K2368. Enemy deceived into overestimating opponents: retreat. (Cf. K548.) India: Thompson-Balys.
K2368.1. K2368.1. Sound of artillery is simulated to overawe enemy.
K2368.1.1. K2368.1.1. Persons run wagon back and forth over a corduroy bridge to simulate sound of artillery. U.S.: Baughman.
K2368.2. K2368.2. Sounds of mock battle scare away attacking force.
K2368.2.1. K2368.2.1. Sounds of battle in playhouse scare away attacking soldiers. England: Baughman.
K2368.3. K2368.3. Sham doctor prescribes medicine for king‘s army; they fall ill; invading army, seeing multitudes being carried away in litters, flee, thinking there is a plague. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2368.4. K2368.4. Enemy induced to give up siege by making it look as if the besieged have got reinforcement. Icelandic: Boberg.
K2369. K2369. Military strategy – miscellaneous. Irish myth: Cross.
K2369.1. K2369.1. Marauder pretends beggary that king will underestimate his power. Irish myth: Cross.
K2369.2. K2369.2. Division of warriors hidden in pit on battlefield. Emerge during battle. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.
K2369.2.1. K2369.2.1. Largest part of fleet does not emerge until late in battle. Icelandic: Örvar-Odds saga 86 – 89, Boberg.
K2369.2.2. K2369.2.2. Treacherous king participates in battle only when he sees who is likely to win. Icelandic: Boberg.
K2369.3. K2369.3. Treacherous ruler of city under siege sends sons to deliver city to enemy. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
K2369.4. K2369.4. Postponing of payment asked in order to get time to gather reinforcements. Icelandic: Boberg.
K2369.5. K2369.5. Besiegers drowned by diversion of river. England: Baughman.
K2369.6. K2369.6. Military strategy: city won by turning river from its course through city. Enemy soldiers march through empty bed into city. Spanish Exempla: Keller; Icelandic: Boberg.
K2369.7. K2369.7. Shammed discussing of peace while getting reinforcements. Icelandic: Boberg.
K2369.8. K2369.8. Cauldron containing lighted torch brought into enemy‘s camp ostensibly to be used for serving food: torch uncovered as signal for attack. Irish myth: Cross.
K2369.9. K2369.9. Fairy mist mistaken for smoke of enemy’s burning ships. Irish myth: Cross.
K2369.11. K2369.11. Hero causes confusion in enemy camp in dead of night: army men fall upon one another, convinced the enemy has infiltrated their camp. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2369.12. K2369.12. Poisoned food sent to enemy camp. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2369.12.1. K2369.12.1. Enemy leaders invited to banquet and poisoned. (Cf. K871.1.) Krappe Romanic Review XVI.
K2369.13. K2369.13. Brambles heaped in ford to halt enemies. Irish myth: *Cross.
K2370. K2370. Miscellaneous deceptions.
K2371. K2371. Deceiving the higher powers (God, the saints, the gods, fate). U.S.: Baughman.
K2371.1. K2371.1. Heaven entered by a trick. *Type 330; *BP I 343, II 189, III 303; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. No. 210; Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas II 164, 349; India: Thompson-Balys.
K2371.1.1. K2371.1.1. Heaven entered by trick: permission to pick up cap. Trickster throws a cap or leather apron inside the gate. *BP II 163, 189; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. No. 83.
K2371.1.2. K2371.1.2. Heaven entered by trick: demanding back the charity gift. The trickster demands of Peter an article which he has given in charity. He then sits on it as his own property within the gates. *BP II 163.
K2371.1.3. K2371.1.3. Heaven entered by trick: ”wishing sack“ thrown in. Trickster wishes himself in the sack. *Type 330; *BP II 158, 163, 188f.; *Fb ”Himmerige“ I 611a.
K2371.1.4. K2371.1.4. Heaven entered by trick: sitting on Peter‘s chair. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 49 No. 330.
K2371.1.5. K2371.1.5. Heaven entered by trick: slipping in along with holy person. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 94 No. 807*.
K2371.1.6. K2371.1.6. Heaven entered by trick: angel tricked by drink into telling woman how to enter. *Stiefel Zs. f. Vksk. VIII 280.
K2371.2. K2371.2. Gods tricked into help in escaping one’s fate. *Penzer VI 92 n. 2, IX 25 n. 1; India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2371.3. K2371.3. Ingeniously worded boon asked of God combines riches, issue, and restoration of eyesight: ”Oh God! I want to see from above the seventh story of my mansion my great-grandsons playing in the streets and eating their cakes from golden vessels.“ India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2371.4. K2371.4. Dog sent ahead so as to avoid seeing husband transformed. (Cf. S241.1.) Chinese: Graham.
K2373. K2373. Enemies reconciled by gifts which the one‘s son tells are sent from the other. Icelandic: Boberg.
K2376. K2376. The returned box on the ears. At table each gives his neighbor a box on the ears. The soldier is to give it to the king, but he returns it to the courtier from whom he has received it. Anderson FFC XLII 360; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 924B*; Russian: Andrejev No. 1637*.
K2377. K2377. Entering a garden by swimming down a stream that flows into it. Malone PMLA XLIII 399.
K2378. K2378. Temporary advantage gained by pretending to yield in a combat. *Dickson 175 n. 38.
K2378.1. K2378.1. Person allowed to win first game so that he will play for higher stakes. Irish myth: *Cross.
K2378.2. K2378.2. Warrior consents to flee for the sake of future victory. Irish myth: Cross.
K2378.3. K2378.3. Enemies deceived through shammed flight. Icelandic: *Boberg.
K2378.4. K2378.4. Ammunition saved till enemy has used his. Icelandic: *Boberg.
K2378.5. K2378.5. Hero sleeps during the first part of battle and emerges only later. Herrmann Saxo II 185 – 87; Icelandic: *Boberg.
K2381. K2381. Ruler diverts attention from misgovernment by beginning a war. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 443.
K2382. K2382. One animal injures another by deception. B[ö]dker Exempler 281 No. 25; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
K2382.1. K2382.1. Bird plucks another bird’s feathers out. Indonesia: DeVries‘s list No. 105.
K2382.2. K2382.2. Dwarf-deer pastes other animal’s eyes shut and pretends that hunters are coming. Indonesia: DeVries‘s list No. 36.
K2383. K2383. Tying cat to balky horse’s tail to make him move. Nouvelles Récréations No. 41.
K2384. K2384. Man tricked to be one‘s sworn brother in order to secure his help against his mother. Icelandic: Boberg.
K2385. K2385. Demon enters person and refuses to leave until wishes have been fulfilled. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas II 193ff., 352f.; India: Thompson-Balys.
K2388. K2388. Attempt to kill by throwing knife. *Boje 90; Icelandic: Boberg.

Next group

Previous group