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Prevuius group

Group No. 174


K. Deceptions

Group No.

K2200 – K2299

Group name

Villains and traitors


K2200. K2200. Villains and traitors. Irish myth: Cross.
K2210. K2210. Treacherous relatives. Distinction between treacherous relatives and cruel relatives (S0 – S99) is frequently impossible to make. Relatives whose treachery seems to be uppermost have been listed here; those usually possessing power over their charges and exercising their power in a cruel fashion have been listed under cruel relatives. India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2211. K2211. Treacherous brother. Usually elder brother. *Types 301, 502, 506, 550, 551; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. ”jalousie“; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 21; Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 49 No. 328*A, Espinosa II Nos. 120f., III Nos. 141f., Espinosa Jr. Nos. 81, 202 – 204; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; Jewish: *Neuman; Persian: Carnoy 323; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham, Eberhard FFC CXX 125; Marquesas: Handy 86; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G. 3/615); Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 170; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 68.
K2211.0.1. K2211.0.1. Treacherous elder brother(s). India: Thompson-Balys.
K2211.0.2. K2211.0.2. Treacherous younger brother(s). India: Thompson-Balys; Jewish: *Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 43; Mono: Wheeler No. 22.
K2211.1. K2211.1. Treacherous brother-in-law. *Types 315, 712; Dickson 178, Schlauch Chaucer‘s Constance and Accused Queens (New York, 1927) 108; Icelandic: *Boberg; Spanish: Espinosa III Nos. 139, 151, 157.
K2211.2. K2211.2. Treacherous foster brother. False accusation of theft. Missouri French: Carrière; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
K2211.3. K2211.3. Treacherous stepbrother. Irish myth: Cross.
K2212. K2212. Treacherous sister. Usually elder sister. *Types 300, 315, 425, 706, 709, 780; *BP I 551, III 2; Dickson 29 n. 3; Irish myth: Cross; Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. Nos. 138-141; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 125; N. A. Indian: Thompson CColl II 382ff., 391; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 297.
K2212.0.1. K2212.0.1. Treacherous sister attempts to poison brother. Irish myth: *Cross.
K2212.0.2. K2212.0.2. Treacherous sister as mistress of robber (giant) plots against brother. *Type 315; India: Thompson-Balys.
K2212.0.3. K2212.0.3. Treacherous queen has her brother killed. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2212.1. K2212.1. Treacherous stepsisters. *Types 403, 425, 432, 450, 510, 516, 592; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.
K2212.2. K2212.2. Treacherous sister-in-law. *Type 706; BP I 295ff.; *bin Gorion Born Judas I 364; Rumanian: Schullerus FFC LXXVIII No. 315C*; India: Thompson-Balys.
K2213. K2213. Treacherous wife. *Types 560, 561, 566, 612, 670, 1350, 1510; Icelandic: *Boberg; Irish myth: *Cross; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 315B*, 894*; Russian: Andrejev No. 315B*, 894*; Prussian: Plenzat 25; Rumanian: Schullerus FFC LXXVIII No. 315B*; Missouri French: Carrière; Jewish: *Neuman, *bin Gorion Born Judas III 90ff., 95; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 93, 884, 998, II 491, 510, 516, 1014; Japanese: Ikeda; Easter Island: Métraux Ethnology 381, 385; Africa (Fang): Trilles 277, Tessman 113f.
K2213.1. K2213.1. Matron of Ephesus. (Vidua.) A woman mourns night and day by her husband‘s grave. A knight guarding a hanged man is about to lose his life because of the corpse he has stolen from the gallows. The matron offers him her love and substitutes her husband’s corpse on the gallows so that the knight can escape. *Type 1510; **Grisebach Die Wanderung der Novelle von der treulosen Witwe durch die Weltliteratur (Berlin, 1889); *Crane Vitry 228 No. 232; *Chauvin VIII 210 No. 254; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 752; Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish: Espinosa II No. 93; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; Jewish: *Neuman, bin Gorion Born Judas III 240ff.; *315.
K2213.2. K2213.2. Faithless wife and paramour throw hero overboard. *Type 612; *BP I 126ff., 129.
K2213.2.1. K2213.2.1. Love-mad queen pushes her husband into well, as fakir lover directs. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2213.3. K2213.3. Faithless wife plots with paramour against husband‘s life. (Cf. K2213.5.) Malone PMLA XLIII 413, 419, 432; Boje 62; Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. No. 103; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2213.3.1. K2213.3.1. Faithless wife has husband and children killed so that she can be with paramour. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
K2213.3.2. K2213.3.2. Faithless wife poisons husband to be with paramour. Paramour fearing a like fate refuses to go to her. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
K2213.3.2.1. K2213.3.2.1. Paramour demands that wife bring him her husband‘s head. India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2213.3.2.2. K2213.3.2.2. Wife plots to kill her husband, but her paramour answers that he could never touch murderess. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2213.3.3. K2213.3.3. Faithless wife deceives husband while she searches for lover. Irish myth: Cross.
K2213.3.4. K2213.3.4. Queen in love with own brother kills her husband. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2213.4. K2213.4. Betrayal of husband’s secret by his wife. *Oertel JAOS XXVIII 96; Irish myth: Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2213.4.1. K2213.4.1. Secret of vulnerability disclosed by hero‘s wife. Huet 134; Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 97, *Cross; Missouri French: Carrière; Jewish: Neuman; Persian: Carnoy 302; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Cameroon): Ittman 77.
K2213.4.2. K2213.4.2. Noah’s secret betrayed by his wife. The devil persuades his wife to intoxicate him and then find out what he is doing (building the ark). Dh I 258.
K2213.5. K2213.5. The faithless resuscitated wife. Husband at great sacrifice has brought his wife back to life. She immediately deserts him and plots with a paramour against his life. (Cf. K2213.2.) *Type 612; *BP I 126ff.; *Wesselski Märchen 188; India: *Thompson-Balys; Indonesia: DeVries’s list No. 226. Cf. Paris Zs. f. Vksk. XIII 4.
K2213.6. K2213.6. Faithless wife transforms husband. Malone PMLA XLIII 421; *Penzer VI 8.
K2213.7. K2213.7. Faithless wife betrays husband to her father. Irish myth: *Cross.
K2213.8. K2213.8. Faithless queen aids lover to dispossess king. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg, FSS 209 – 12.
K2213.9. K2213.9. Faithless wife incites sons to make war upon father. Irish myth: Cross.
K2213.10. K2213.10. Faithless wife tricks husband into setting lover free. Irish myth: Cross.
K2213.11. K2213.11. Treacherous queen tricks king into bestowing kingdom upon her son. Irish myth: *Cross (fuller text).
K2213.12. K2213.12. Young queen murders her old husband in order to get a new one. Icelandic: *Boberg.
K2213.13. K2213.13. Queen kills her husband as revenge of his killing of her father and brother. Icelandic: *Boberg.
K2213.14. K2213.14. Queen deceives her husband as revenge for his killing of her lover and brother (Helgi.) Icelandic: Boberg.
K2213.15. K2213.15. Treacherous queen lures her husband into chest and betrays him to hostile king. He is hung up between two fires, but his second wife cuts the strings so that he falls down and kills his enemy and takes his kingdom back. Icelandic: Boberg.
K2213.16. K2213.16. Wife betrays husband in revenge for his once having taken a second wife. Icelandic: Boberg.
K2214. K2214. Treacherous children. Irish myth: *Cross.
K2214.1. K2214.1. Treacherous daughter. Irish myth: Cross; Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus II 117 n. 3; India: Thompson-Balys.
K2214.1.1. K2214.1.1. Daughter has aged father cremated with dead husband to honor the latter. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
K2214.2. K2214.2. Treacherous daughter-in-law.
K2214.2.1. K2214.2.1. Treacherous daughter-in-law plots against husband‘s mother. India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2214.3. K2214.3. Treacherous son: leads revolt against his father to whom he owes all. Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: *Neuman; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 286.
K2214.3.1. K2214.3.1. Treacherous foster son. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2217. K2217. Treacherous uncle. Irish myth: Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller; India: Thompson-Balys.
K2217.1. K2217.1. Treacherous nephew kills good uncle for his money. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
K2218. K2218. Treacherous relatives-in-law. Irish myth: Cross (cf. K2211.1).
K2218.1. K2218.1. Treacherous mother-in-law accuses innocent wife. Irish myth: *Cross.
K2218.2. K2218.2. Treacherous father-in-law. Jewish: *Neuman.
K2220. K2220. Treacherous rivals. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Missouri French: Carrière; Jewish: *Neuman.
K2220.0.1. K2220.0.1. Jealous rivals prevail on person to break tabu (prohibition). Type 425; India: Thompson-Balys.
K2221. K2221. Treacherous rival lover. Wife’s paramour or rival in love. (Cf. K2230.) *Type 560, 561; Malone PMLA XLIII 417; Missouri French: Carrière; India: *Thompson-Balys; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/10).
K2221.1. K2221.1. Woman poisons her successful rival. Irish myth: Cross; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
K2222. K2222. Treacherous co-wife (concubine). Type 450; Dickson 29 n. 3, 41 n. 41; Irish myth: Cross; Italian: Basile Pentamerone I No. 2; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 526; Africa: Werner 203, (Basuto): Jacottet 246 No. 36, (Fjort): Dennett 47 No. 7, (Ekoi): Talbot 312.
K2230. K2230. Treacherous lovers. (Cf. K2221.)
K2231. K2231. Treacherous mistress. *Dickson 245 n. 51; Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
K2231.1. K2231.1. Adulteress has lover killed. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
K2232. K2232. Treacherous lover (man). English and Scottish: Child Ballads Nos. 4; India: Thompson-Balys.
K2232.1. K2232.1. Treacherous lover betrays woman‘s love and deserts her. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
K2240. K2240. Treacherous officers and tradesmen.
K2241. K2241. Treacherous inn-keeper. *Type 563; Missouri French: Carrière; India: Thompson-Balys.
K2242. K2242. Treacherous steward. Malone PMLA XLIII 437; Icelandic: Boberg; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
K2243. K2243. Treacherous seneschal. Dickson 74 n. 31; *Boje 62; Schlauch Chaucer’s Constance and Accused Queens (New York, 1927) 98.
K2244. K2244. Treacherous porter. Dickson 240; *Boje 71.
K2245. K2245. Treacherous marshall. Hdwb. d. Märchens I 241b n. 6.
K2246. K2246. Treacherous prince. Hdwb. d. Märchens I 241b n. 7; Irish myth: Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
K2246.0.1. K2246.0.1. Treacherous princess (queen). Irish myth: *Cross.
K2246.1. K2246.1. Treacherous king. Icelandic: *Boberg; Irish myth: *Cross; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (Z-G. 13/420).
K2246.1.1. K2246.1.1. Treacherous king spies so that he may levy fines. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2247. K2247. Treacherous lord. Hdwb. d. Märchens I 241b n. 8; Icelandic: Boberg.
K2248. K2248. Treacherous minister. Hdwb. d. Märchens I 241b n. 9; Spanish Exempla: Keller; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 715; Jewish: Neuman.
K2248.1. K2248.1. Treacherous minister‘s son. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2249. K2249. Other treacherous officers and tradesmen.
K2249.1. K2249.1. Treacherous potter. Hdwb. d. Märchens I 241b n. 17.
K2249.2. K2249.2. Treacherous treasurer. Icelandic: Boberg.
K2249.3. K2249.3. Treacherous goldsmith. India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2249.4. K2249.4. Treacherous merchant. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2249.4.1. K2249.4.1. Treacherous butcher. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2250. K2250. Treacherous servants and workmen. Types 450, 652; Dickson 236 n. 37; Hdwb. d. Märchens I 241b n. 12; Malone PMLA XLIII 417 n. 9; Icelandic: FFC LXXXIII xxxvi – vii, *Boberg; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. ”jalousie“. P365. Faithless servants.
K2250.1. K2250.1. Treacherous servant. Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2251. K2251. Treacherous slave. Hdwb. d. Märchens I 241b n. 19; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Icelandic: *Boberg.
K2251.1. K2251.1. Treacherous slave-girl. *Penzer VI 47 n. 1; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 61 No. *445B, Espinosa Jr. No. 114.
K2252. K2252. Treacherous maidservant. *Types 408, 553; Missouri French: Carrière; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
K2253. K2253. Treacherous barber. India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2254. K2254. Treacherous cook. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2255. K2255. Treacherous herdsman.
K2255.1. K2255.1. Treacherous swineherd. Malone PMLA VLIII 417 n. 9.
K2255.2. K2255.2. Treacherous ox-herd. Chinese: Chavannes I 382 No. 112.
K2256. K2256. Treacherous stable-groom. Malone PMLA XLIII 406; Hdwb. d.
Märchens I 241b n. 13.
K2257. K2257. Treacherous gardener. *Type 314.
K2258. K2258. Treacherous peasant. Hdwb. d. Märchens I 241b n. 16; Icelandic: *Boberg; Italian: Basile Pentamerone I No. 7; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
K2259. K2259. Other treacherous servants and workmen.
K2259.1. K2259.1. Treacherous woodsman. Hdwb. d. Märchens I 241b n. 15.
K2259.2. K2259.2. Treacherous lamplighter. Hdwb. d. Märchens I 241b. n. 18.
K2259.3. K2259.3. Treacherous potter. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2259.4. K2259.4. Treacherous sailor. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2260. K2260. Dark traitors. Persons darks by race, habitual occupation, or complexion, or even marvelously colored, are frequently traitors in folk-tales.
K2260.1. K2260.1. Treacherous dark man. Malone PMLA XLIII 417 n. 9; Icelandic: Boberg.
K2260.2. K2260.2. Treacherous dark woman. *Dickson 43 n. 47.
K2261. K2261. Treacherous negro (Moor). Malone PMLA XLIII 408 – 432 passim; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56, 60 Nos. 408A*, 435*, Espinosa II Nos. 120f., Espinosa Jr. Nos. 106 – 110; Italian: Basile Pentamerone Int., I No. 2, V No. 5.
K2261.1. K2261.1. Treacherous gypsy. Type 450.
K2262. K2262. Treacherous charcoal-burner. *Type 300; Hdwb. d. Märchens I 241b n. 14; Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. No. 68.
K2265. K2265. Treacherous red knight. *Type 300; *Fb ”Ridder R[ö]d“; *Ranke FFC CXIV 236.
K2270. K2270. Deformed villains.
K2271. K2271. Hunchback villain. *Cosquin Lorraine I 46 No. 3; Malone PMLA XLIII 417 n. 9; Icelandic: *Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys.
K2272. K2272. Crippled villain. Malone PMLA XLIII 417 n. 9.
K2273. K2273. One-eyed villain. Hdwb. d. Märchens I 477a; BP I 83 (Grimm No. 11); India: Thompson-Balys.
K2273.1. K2273.1. Blind villain. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2275. K2275. Beardless villain. *Cosquin Lorraine I 44 No. 3.
K2276. K2276. Leper as villain. West Africa: Tremearne FL XXII 464ff.
K2277. K2277. Treacherous dwarf. Schlauch Chaucer‘s Constance and Accused Queens (New York, 1927) 104.
K2280. K2280. Treacherous churchmen.
K2281. K2281. Treacherous bishop. Dickson 46 n. 55.
K2282. K2282. Treacherous cardinal.
K2282.1. K2282.1. Boniface VIII, when cardinal, impersonates angel and dupes Clement V into abdicating. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
K2284. K2284. Treacherous priest. India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2284.1. K2284.1. Treacherous chaplain. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2284.2. K2284.2. Treacherous brahmin. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2285. K2285. Villain disguised as ascetic or nun. **M. Bloomfield ”On False Ascetics and Nuns in Hindu Fiction“ JAOS XLIV 202ff.; *Penzer III 211 n. 1, V 102 n. 2, VI 12 n. 1, IX 23 n. 2; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
K2285.1. K2285.1. Ascetic as villain. India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 531.
K2285.2. K2285.2. Treacherous anchorite. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2286. K2286. Sage as villain. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2290. K2290. Other villains and traitors.
K2291. K2291. Treacherous beggar. Tawney I 132f., 349f.
K2292. K2292. Treacherous physician. Penzer II 2; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
K2293. K2293. Treacherous old woman. *Type 1353; Irish myth: *Cross.
K2294. K2294. Treacherous host. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.
K2295. K2295. Treacherous animals. Wienert FFC LVI *134.
K2295.1. K2295.1. Treacherous partridge. Wienert FFC LVI 51 (ET 111), *65 (ET 290), 139 (ST 448); Halm Aesop No. 356.
K2295.2. K2295.2. Treacherous eagle. Wienert FFC LVI *51, 59 (ET 108, 200), 135, 139 (ST 404, 446); Halm Aesop No. 5.
K2295.3. K2295.3. Treacherous cock. Wienert FFC LVI 49 (ET 84); 135 (ST 407, 449).
K2295.4. K2295.4. Treacherous lizard. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2295.5. K2295.5. Treacherous camel. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2296. K2296. Treacherous partner. Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 23 and notes.
K2296.1. K2296.1. Treacherous robber-partner. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2297. K2297. Treacherous friend. Irish myth: *Cross.
K2297.1. K2297.1. Man leaves his sweetheart in charge of friend. He tries to force his attentions upon her and then claims it was a test of fidelity. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
K2297.2. K2297.2. Man takes his friend‘s mistress when the friend is away. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
K2298. K2298. Treacherous counselor. Icelandic: *Boberg.
K2299. K2299. Other villains and traitors – miscellaneous.
K2299.1. K2299.1. Treacherous astrologer. India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2299.2. K2299.2. Treacherous peoples (tribes). Jewish: *Neuman.

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