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Prevuius group

Group No. 173


K. Deceptions

Group No.

K2100 – K2199

Group name

False accusations


K2100. K2100. False accusation. Missouri French: Carrière; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; West Indies: Flowers 555.
K2101. K2101. Falsely accused minister reinstates himself by his cleverness. *Marc ”Die Achikarsage“ Studien zur vgl. Literaturgeschichte II 393ff.; *DeVries FFC LXXIII 365ff.; 374ff.; Jewish: *Neuman.
K2102. K2102. Falsely accused hero sent on dangerous mission. Dickson 178 n. 45.
K2104. K2104. Jewel presented to king brings false accusation of theft. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2110. K2110. Slanders. Jewish: *Neuman.
K2110.1. K2110.1. Calumniated wife. *Types 451, 706, 707, 712, 883A, 892; BP I 20, 79ff., *86, 99ff., 295ff., II 121ff., 273, 380ff., *392, III 85ff., 488; **Arfert Das Märchen von der unterschobenen Braut; Hibbard 21ff., 35; **Schlauch Chaucer‘s Constance and Accused Queens (New York, 1927) 12ff.; *Kittredge Arthur 241 n. 1; *Cox 478, 501; – Irish myth *Cross; Jewish: *bin Gorion Born Judas@2 I 257; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 107 No. 891*; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 526, 536; N. A. Indian: *Thompson CColl II 385ff.; Africa (Wakweli): Bender 96.
K2110.1.1. K2110.1.1. Man‘s mistress accuses his wife of having leprosy. Chinese: Graham.
K2111. K2111. Potiphar’s wife. A woman makes vain overtures to a man and then accuses him of attempting to force her. *Reinhard PMLA XXXVIII 456 n. 102; **Bloomfield Trans. Am. Philos. Assoc. LIV 141; *Penzer II 120, IV 104, 107, V 176; *Dickson 178 n. 44; Boje 76; *Faverty Harvard Studies and Notes in Phil and Lit. XIII 81ff.; Heptameron No. 70; Saintyves Saints Successeurs 213ff. – Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 68, 128 Nos. 515*, 1516*, Espinosa III No. 146, Keller; Italian: Basile Pentamerone IV No. 6, *Rotunda; Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 151 n. 2, II 63 n. 4, 74 n. 2, 106 n. 3, Fox 104; Jewish: *Neuman; Persian: Carnoy 336; India: Cowell J[a]taka I 265, IV 117, *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 264, 529; Chinese: Werner 192; Chinese-Persian: *Coyajee JPASB XXIV 191; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 326 n. 178.
K2111.0.1. K2111.0.1. Telling a story to allay a woman‘s amorous desires. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2111.1. K2111.1. Woman makes vain overtures to stepson and falsely accuses him of murder. She tries to poison him but her own son accidentally takes the beverage and apparently dies. Plot is revealed when doctor states that he had substituted sleeping potion for the poison. Italian Novella: *Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys.
K2111.2. K2111.2. Spurned woman accuses man of theft. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
K2111.3. K2111.3. Friar refuses to keep promise after enjoying woman and is accused of rape. Castrated. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
K2111.4. K2111.4. Adulteress tricks husband into killing allegedly importunate lover. Heptameron No. 1.
K2111.5. K2111.5. Mother falsely accuses son of incest with her. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
K2111.6. K2111.6. Girl falsely accuses bishop. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
K2112. K2112. Woman slandered as adulteress (prostitute). (Usually by unsuccessful suitor.) (Crescentia, Genoveva, Susanna.) *Types 712, 883A; **Wallensköld Le conte de la femme chaste convoitée par son beaufrère (Acta Societatis Fennicae XXXIV, Helsingfors, 1907); *Köhler-Bolte I 392, 582; *BP I 18, 305 n. 1, Chauvin VI 159 No. 323, *167 No. 327; Ward II 680; Herbert III 342; *Dickson 72, 166 n. 12; *bin Gorion Born Judas@2 I 361f.; *Wesselski Mönchslatein 136 No. 116; Alphabet Nos. 147, 672; **J. Kentenich Die Genovefalegende (Trier, 1927); Oesterley No. 249; Scala Celi 27b, 32a Nos. 179, 183; Hilka Neue Beiträge z. Erzählungslit. des Mittelalters 13 No. 11; *Graber Festschrift für Eugen Mogk (1924) 525ff.; *Revue des Langues romanes LII 163ff.; Archiv f. Literaturgeschichte XII 132ff.; *von der Hagen I c – civ; Hibbard 12, 21, 29ff., 35; *Puckett MPh XIII 609. – Icelandic: *Boberg; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 660; Chinese: Graham; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 152.
K2112.1. K2112.1. False tokens of woman‘s unfaithfulness. Tokens are stolen from the woman, or her secret markings are seen by treachery. *Types 882, 892; *Köhler-Bolte I 211f.; bin Gorion Born Judas@2 I 257; *Grünbaum Jüdischdeutsch Chrestomathie 421ff.; *Paris Romania XXXII 481ff.; *Hilka Neuphilologische Mitteilungen (1913) 16ff.; Dunlop-Wilson II 73f.; Chauvin VII 159. – Italian Novella: *Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys; Indonesia: DeVries’s list No. 311.
K2112.1.1. K2112.1.1. Fingers as false token of wife‘s unfaithfulness. She has substituted a maid and the gallant has cut off the maid’s finger. English: Child V 22 – 7 passim.
K2112.2. K2112.2. Leper (beggar) laid in queen’s bed. She is thus incriminated. *Fb ”seng“ III 187b; *Child II 39ff.; Hibbard 35, 285 n. 5; *Dickson 166 n. 14; India: Thompson-Balys; Korean: Zong in-Sob 138 No. 63.
K2112.2.1. K2112.2.1. Man puts donkey’s foal under princess‘s bed-cover and accuses her of lying with it. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2112.2.2. K2112.2.2. Page is duped into hiding under woman’s bed (behind curtain). Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
K2112.2.3. K2112.2.3. Maidservant‘s confederate feigns coming out of woman’s bedroom. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
K2112.2.4. K2112.2.4. False abortion placed in innocent woman‘s bed. Korean: Zong in-Sob 202 No. 97.
K2112.3. K2112.3. Man taking refuge in woman’s house causes her false accusation. *Bolte Frey 253 No. 95.
K2112.4. K2112.4. Villain brings (threatens to bring) naked servant to woman‘s house. Threat of false accusation of indiscretion forces woman to yield. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
K2112.5. K2112.5. Other means of incriminating innocent woman.
K2112.5.1. K2112.5.1. Handkerchief left in woman’s room to cause accusation. (Othello.) Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
K2112.5.2. K2112.5.2. Giving madman food causes woman to be falsely accused. Irish myth: *Cross.
K2113. K2113. Princess disguised as man is accused of illicit relations with queen. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 57 No. 425.
K2113.1. K2113.1. Girl disguised as man accused of infidelity. India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2113.2. K2113.2. Rich woman, when her advances are repulsed by an ascetic (really a girl in man‘s clothes) accuses her of adulterous assault. *Loomis White Magic 111.
K2114. K2114. Man falsely accused of infidelity. (Cf. K2121.) Icelandic: Boberg; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
K2115. K2115. Animal-birth slander. A woman is accused of having given birth to animals. Her children are put out of the way and animals substituted. *Types 707, 710; *BP I 13ff., 20, II 380ff.; *Schlauch, Chaucer’s Constance and Accused Queens (New York, 1927) 21; *Huet Revue d‘Ethnographie et de Sociologie II 200; *Chauvin VII 97 No. 375 n. 1; *Dickson 39ff. nn. 39, 40, 45; Fb ”kattekilling“ II 111; *Cox 486. – Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Wells 130 (Emare); Missouri French: Carrière; Italian: Basile Pentamerone III No. 2, *Rotunda; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. No. 137, Espinosa II Nos. 99 – 104; India: *Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian: Thompson CColl II 383; Indonesia: DeVries’s list No. 116; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 190 No. 28, (Benga): Nassau No. 22.
K2115.0.1. K2115.0.1. Jealous queens tell child-bearing queen to put her head in the hole at the bottom of grain-bin, so that she fails to see what she delivers. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2115.1. K2115.1. Animal-descent slander. Malicious story that man is son of an animal. Icelandic: Boberg.
K2115.2. K2115.2. Slander: woman has given birth to objects. India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2115.2.1. K2115.2.1. Stone substituted for newly-born babies. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2115.2.2. K2115.2.2. Log-birth slander. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 420, II 526.
K2115.3. K2115.3. Prophecy of ogre-child so that pregnant woman will be killed. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2116. K2116. Innocent person accused of murder.
K2116.1. K2116.1. Innocent woman accused of murder. Dickson 72, 225; *Hibbard 26ff.; Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 385 n. 4; India: Thompson-Balys.
K2116.1.1. K2116.1.1. Innocent woman accused of killing her new-born children. *Type 451; BP I 70ff.; *Dickson 43, 73 n. 26; *Schlauch, Chaucer’s Constance and Accused Queens (New York, 1927) 12; *Hibbard 26ff.; Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 94f.; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 311 No. 56; Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish: Espinosa II Nos. 89, 99 – 103; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 321. See also references to K2116.1.1.1.
K2116.1.1.1. K2116.1.1.1. Innocent woman accused of eating her new-born children. *Types 652, 706, 710, 712; *BP I 13ff., 18 n. 1, 20, II 121ff.; Köhler-Bolte I 392, 582; Chauvin VI 159 No. 323; *Dickson 38ff. nn. 34, 42, 45, 48, 49; Irish myth: Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2116. K2116. Bones of puppies as false evidence of wife’s having eaten her new-born child. Irish myth: Cross.
K2116.1.2. K2116.1.2. Queen falsely accused of having poisoned husband. Ignorant doctors cannot diagnose king‘s illness. Queen burned at stake. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
K2116.1.3. K2116.1.3. Girl falsely accused of murdering her lover. Investigation reveals poisonous breath of toad as cause of death. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
K2116.1.4. K2116.1.4. Incognito queen falsely accused of having killed child left in her care. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
K2116.2. K2116.2. Man falsely accused of murder. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
K2116.2.1. K2116.2.1. Anchorite falsely accused of murder. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
K2116.2.2. K2116.2.2. Man accused of having starved woman to death and taken treasure. Icelandic: Boberg.
K2116.3. K2116.3. Person wounds self and accuses another of attempting murder. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2116.4. K2116.4. Murderer makes outcry so that innocent person is accused of murder. India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2116.5. K2116.5. Warrior falsely accused of having killed his sleeping adversary. Not supposed to have been able to do it if latter was awake. Icelandic: *Boberg.
K2117. K2117. Calumniated wife: substituted letter (falsified message). The letter announcing the birth of her children changed on the way to the king, so that the queen is falsely accused. (Cf. K2115, K2116.) *Type 706; *BP I 295ff.; Hibbard 26ff.; *Schlauch, Chaucer‘s Constance and Accused Queens (New York, 1927) 12ff.; Missouri French: Carrière; Spanish: Espinosa II No. 119; Italian: Basile Pentamerone III No. 2, Rotunda.
K2117.1. K2117.1. Husband‘s letter ordering the calumniated wife to be treated well is altered into an order of execution. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
K2121. K2121. Man slandered as having deflowered princess. (Cf. K2114.) *Boje 74ff.; Icelandic: *Boberg.
K2121.1. K2121.1. Brother accused of paternity of mystically impregnated sister. S. A. Indian (Amuesha): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 149.
K2121.2. K2121.2. King’s faithful servant falsely accused of familiarity with queen. Icelandic: Þiðriks saga II 164 – 9, Boberg; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 393.
K2123. K2123. Innocent woman accused of using witchcraft. Sham sickness. India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 427.
K2124. K2124. Woman slandered as an ogress. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2125. K2125. Slander: woman said to be possessed of demons. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2125.1. K2125.1. Girl reported possessed of demon: suitors frightened away. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2126. K2126. Knight falsely accused of sedition. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
K2126.1. K2126.1. King‘s advisor falsely accused of treason. Accusers exposed and punished. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
K2126.2. K2126.2. King’s man falsely accused of being in the secret service of another king. Icelandic: Boberg.
K2127. K2127. False accusation of theft. Icelandic: Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys.
K2127.1. K2127.1. Desiring woman they quarrel over, man accuses group of men of having abducted his wife. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2127.2. K2127.2. False queen puts horseflesh in bed of one with child so as to identify her as horse-eating thief. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2128. K2128. Slander: prince is bastard. India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2129. K2129. Slanders – miscellaneous.
K2129.1. K2129.1. Jealous monk falsely accuses novice of laziness. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 792.
K2129.2. K2129.2. Sick crew accused of being magicians so that nobody wants to have anything to do with them. Icelandic: Flateyjarbók III 435.
K2129.3. K2129.3. Stepsisters scatter sugar in girl‘s litter so that flies congregate; would-be bridegroom disgusted and tells bearers to abandon her in jungle. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2129.4. K2129.4. Family is accused of stinginess by recipients of their hospitality. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T – G. 3/515).
K2130. K2130. Trouble-makers. Irish myth: *Cross.
K2131. K2131. Trickster makes two friends each suspicious of the other’s intentions. BP II 129; Irish myth: *Cross (cf. K2130); India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1028; Africa (Wakweli): Bender 40.
K2131.1. K2131.1. Cat brings suspicion between eagle and sow. Eagle lives in the top of the branches, cat in the middle, and sow at bottom; all are happy. Cat tells eagle that sow is trying to root down the tree: eagle is frightened and dares not leave tree. Cat tells sow that eagle plans to carry off pigs: sow dares not leave. They starve and fall victims to the cat. Wienert FFC LVI 54 (ET 143), 99 (ST 130, 421).
K2131.2. K2131.2. Envious jackal makes lion suspicious of his friend, the bull. The lion kills the bull. Chauvin II 86 No. 18; Penzer V 42-63, 130 n. 1; B[ö]dker Exempler 277 No. 17; Spanish Exempla: Keller; India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2131.3. K2131.3. Woman destroys men‘s friendship by pretending to whisper to one. India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2131.4. K2131.4. Trickster fills supposed treasure box with trash. Joint owners each accuse other of theft. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2131.5. K2131.5. Treasure-animal introduced into family’s flock in order to stir up dissension and enmity. Greek: Grote I 149.
K2132. K2132. False message of love carried to hero and maiden by troublemaker. Irish myth: *Cross.
K2134. K2134. Servant lays skin of dead dog in the bed of his mistress and master. Makes trouble between them. Type 1573*; Russian: Andrejev No. 1573*.
K2135. K2135. The complaint about bad breath: trouble for the king‘s favorite. A steward advises the courtier to hold his head away when serving the king, since the king objects to his bad breath. He then tells the king that the courtier holds his head back to avoid the king’s bad breath. Penzer II 113; *Chauvin VIII 144 No. 145 B; *Zs. f. Vksk. IX 188ff., 311ff.; *Oesterley No. 283; Herbert III 198; *Cosquin Études 82, 116; *Paris Romania V 454ff.; Hertz Deutsche Sage im Elsass (1872) 283ff.; Dunlop-Wilson II 49; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys.
K2136. K2136. Officers praised in reverse from their real merit: trouble for them and their master. Type 1579*.
K2137. K2137. The priest‘s guest and the eaten chickens. The servant who has eaten the chickens tells the guest to flee because the priest is going to cut off his ears, and he tells the priest that the guest has stolen two chickens The priest runs after him. *Type 1741; *BP II 129; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 364; *Wesselski Hodscha Nasreddin II 245 No. 543; Chauvin VI 179 No. 341; *Fb ”[ö]re“ III 1181a; India: Thompson-Balys.
K2138. K2138. Trouble-maker in night-lodging. Comes riding a wolf and asks for hospitality. Wolf kills sheep. Beehive in bed. Bees sting family and cause father to kill son. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 1878*.
K2141. K2141. Jealous courtiers shake king lion’s confidence in his councillor, the virtuous jackal, by accusing the jackal of stealing the lion‘s food. *Chauvin II 102 No. 64; B[ö]dker Exempler 303 No. 74.
K2142. K2142. Two persons separately informed about each other’s death. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2150. K2150. Innocent made to appear guilty. B[ö]dker Exempler 303 No. 74; Spanish Exempla: Keller; West Indies: Flowers 555.
K2151. K2151. The corpse handed around. (The thrice-killed corpse.) Dupes are accused of murder when the corpse is left with them. The trickster is paid to keep silent. *Types 1536C, 1537; *Taylor MPh XV 221ff., 226 n. 1; **Suchier Der Schwank von der viermal getöteten Leiche (Halle a. S., 1922); *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 598; *Wesselski Hodscha Nasreddin II 214 No. 438; Köhler-Bolte I 190; Bédier Fabliaux 469; BP II 10; Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 73 n. 3. – Spanish: Espinosa III Nos. 176, 189, *Espinosa JAFL XLIX 181 – 193; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda.
K2151.1. K2151.1. Live man thought to be returning corpse pleads with trickster to save him. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2152. K2152. Unresponsive corpse. Corpse is set up so that dupe addresses it and when it does not respond knocks it over. He is accused of murder. Most references to K2151 apply to this motif as well. *Cox 501; Christiansen Norske Eventyr No. 1536; *Clouston Tales II 242; Spanish: Espinosa III Nos. 176, 189; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys; Korean: Zong in-Sob 197 No. 96; N. A. Indian (Micmac): Rand No. 57, (Zuñi): Cushing 255, (Ojibwa): Schoolcraft Hiawatha 246.
K2152.1. K2152.1. Dead dog set up so that woman knocks it over. Must pay damages. India: Thompson-Balys.
K2152.2. K2152.2. Legs of a corpse cause accusation of murder. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 1537A*; Russian: Andrejev No. 1537 I*.
K2153. K2153. Trickster wounds self and accuses others. India: *Thompson-Balys; Marquesas: Handy 87, 110.
K2153.1. K2153.1. Animal nurse wounds self so as to throw blame for eaten young on other animal. Africa (Kaffir): Alexander and Mohl Mitteilungen des Seminars für orientalische Sprachen VIII (3) 24ff., (Vandau): Boas and Simango JAFL XXXV 170ff. No. 7, (Thonga): Junod 232ff. No. 2, (Lamba): Doke MAFLS XX (1927) 71 No. 31.
K2155. K2155. Evidence of crime left so that dupe is blamed. Irish: O’Suilleabhain 26, 44, Beal XXI 307, 316; India: *Thompson-Balys; West Indies: Flowers 555.
K2155.1. K2155.1. Blood smeared on innocent person brings accusation of murder. *Types 652, 712; *BF I 18 n. 1; Spanish: Espinosa II No. 89, India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Ila, Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 369 No. 20. See also all references to K2116.1.1. West Indies: Flowers 536.
K2155.1.1. K2155.1.1. Bloody knife left in innocent person‘s bed brings accusation of murder. See references to K2155.1. Dickson 74, 225; Hibbard 25 n. 5.
K2155.2. K2155.2. Slanderers kill a woman and put her body near Buddha‘s cell. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 1216.
K2156. K2156. Innocent man compelled to write treasonable letter. It brings about his death sentence. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 178 n. 1 (Palamedes).
K2165. K2165. Sham blind man throws suspicion on real blind. He admits his deception so that his companion, who is really blind, is punished. *Chauvin V 159 No. 83.
K2171. K2171. The dog receives the blows. The cat steals a sausage from the table but the dog receives the blows from the mistress. Type 200*.
K2172. K2172. Rats cause cats to be killed. The rats unite and all go to houses together, increasing or decreasing their ravages with the increase or decrease in the number of cats. Thus the cats are suspected of the damage and are killed. *Chauvin II 110 No. 74.
K2175. K2175. Grandmother causes grandchildren to be whipped: puts dirt and hairs into cooking pot by stealth and sand in the water they draw. India: Thompson-Balys.

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