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Prevuius group

Group No. 15


A. Mythological Motifs

Group No.

A900 – A949

Group name

Topographical features of the earth


A900. Topography – general considerations.
A72. Original creator followed by transformers. D683.1. Transformers.
A901. Topographical features caused by experiences of primitive hero (demigod, deity). Footprints of the gods, thoroughfares of heroes, etc. – *Dh II 8, 68, 199; *Hdwb. d. deutschen Aberglaubens III 240 s.v. "Fussspur"; *Wehrhan Die Sage 65; *Basset and others RTP XXIV 299 and references to earlier volumes. – Irish myth: Cross; Breton: MacCulloch Celtic 135; Icel.: De la Saussaye 280; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 303 Nos. 22, 23; Finnish: Kalevala rune 1; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3008, Legends Nos. 12ff.; Greek: Fox 250. – Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 331; Japanese: Anesaki 248f.; Indo-Chinese: Scott Indo-Chinese 291; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 31, 768, 957, 1211. – Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 18; Aztec: Alexander Lat. Am. 70; Africa (Fang): Trilles 153. – Cf. A911, A920.1.2, A920.1.5, A924, A931, A932,A933, A941.1, A941.2, A951, A955, A964, A972, A982.1, A984.
A2271.5. Trees bear first buds to commemorate reign of primitive hero. F960.1. Extraordinary nature phenomena at birth (death) of hero (holy person). F979.11. Trees spring up to commemorate birth of primitive hero (demigod, deity).
A901.1. Topographical changes or landmarks due to battle between gods. India: Thompson-Balys.
A901.2. Natural features because of combat of huge rock columns with each other. Marquesas: Handy 133.
A902. Topographical features of the earth arranged by creator. (Cf. A0.) – Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys. – African: Werner African 143. – N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 30.
A902.1. Two creators go by different route to establish features of the earth. Calif. Indian: Gayton and Newman 59.
A903. Topographical features caused by animals. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
                              A910 – A949. WATER FEATURES
A910. Origin of water features – general.
A910.1. Waters created on first day of creation. Jewish: Neuman.
A910.2. Waters created as punishment. Jewish: Neuman.
A910.3. Bodies of water in primitive abyss sink. Jewish: Neuman.
A910.4. Bodies of water remnant of flood. S. A. Indian (Tupinamba): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 133.
A910.5. Waters created by divine twins. S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 167.
A911. Bodies of water from tears. (Cf. A901, A920.1.5, A941.2, A1012.) – Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 135; Nebraska: Pound WF VI 305 – 316; Finnish: Kalevala rune 4; African (Upoto): Einstein 127.
A913. Origin of tides. *Hdwb. d. deutschen Aberglaubens II 513 s. v. (Ebbe und Flutв). – Persian: Carnoy 278. – Shetland Is.: Teit JAFL XXXI 198. – N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 293 n. 76a, and add (Malecite) Speck JAFL XXVIII 60, (Tahltan) Teit JAFL XXXII 201.
A913.1. Tidal wave or surge marks place of death of person. (Cf. A920.1.4, A936.) – Irish myth: Cross.
A913.2. Tide caused by breathing of sea-monster. Maori: Clark 180.
A913.3. Ebb-tide goes to great whirlpool. Tonga: Gifford 144.
A913.4. Tub that drips at high tide but holds water at low tide. Irish myth: Cross.
A914. Mountains push water westward. Calif. Indian: Gayton and Newman 54.
A915. Why waters do not engulf the earth. Jewish: Neuman.
A917. Quarrel between earth and waters. Jewish: Neuman.
A918. Male and female waters. Jewish: Neuman.
A920. Origin of the seas. Jewish: Neuman; Persian: Carnoy 270, 277f. – Gold Coast: Barker and Sinclair 87; Buin: Wheeler 28. – Hatt: Asiatic Influences 17.
A920.1. Origin of lakes. Fb (sС€в) III 731a. – Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 135 (cf. A911), Cross; Indo-Chinese: Scott Indo-Chinese 291 (cf. A901). – Tahltan: *Teit JAFL XXXII, 219f.; Malecite: Speck JAFL XXX 481.
A920.1.0.1. Origin of particular lake. India: Thompson-Balys.
A920.1.1. Inexhaustible buckets as source of lakes. Chinese: Werner 221.
A920.1.2. Lakes from digging of primeval ox. (Cf. A901.) – Kirghis: Holmberg Siberian 331.
A920.1.3. Lake bursts forth to drown thief. Irish myth: Cross.
A939.1. River bursts from well in pursuit.
A920.1.4. Lakes burst forth to commemorate birth, death, battle, etc., of primitive hero. Irish myth: Cross.
A920.1.5. Lakes originate from tears. (Cf. A901, A911.) Irish myth: Cross.
A920.1.5.1. Lakes originate from belches. Irish myth: Cross.
A920.1.6. Lake from urine of horse. (Cf. A933.) Irish myth: Cross.
A920.1.7. Lake created by fairies. Irish myth: Cross.
A920.1.7.1. Lake bursts forth to quell fairy war. Irish myth: Cross.
A920.1.8. Lake bursts forth to drown impious people. Kristensen Danske Sagn III (1895) 241ff., (1931) 162ff.; Fb (sС€в) III 731a; G. SchСЊtte in Danske Studier (1925) 117ff.
A920.1.8.1. Lake from violating tabu. Irish myth: Cross; Africa: Bouveignes 21 – 29.
A920.1.9. Lake bursts forth where island is plowed out. (See A951.) – Olrik Danske Studier (1910) 1ff.
A920.1.10. Lakes made by giant or devil. Lithuanian: Balys Historical.
A920.1.11. Woman transformed to pool of water. Irish myth: Cross.
A920.1.12. Lake bursts forth where blind king plucks rushes. Irish myth: Cross.
A920.1.13. Lake of milk formed through virtue of saint. Irish myth: Cross.
A920.1.14. Lakes are daughters of the gods. India: Thompson-Balys.
A920.1.15. Origin of the Dead Sea. Jewish: Neuman.
A920.1.16. Lake originally filled with palm wine. Africa (Bushonga): Torday 235.
A920.2. Origin of sea channels. Tonga: Gifford 87, 94.
A921. Ocean the son of Earth and Heaven. Greek: Fox.
A922. Ocean made from blood. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 325f.; Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 51 No. 7**; Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 86 No. 45. – Oceanic: Dixon 37 n. 107, 108 (Polynesia, Samoa, Marquesas).
A923. Ocean from creator's sweat. Corpus Poeticum Boreale I 64. – Polynesian: Dixon 37 n. 106.
A923.1. Ocean from urine. (Cf. A933.) – Buin: Wheeler Mono-Alu 28, Aurora (New Hebrides): Codrington II 372.
A924. Miscellaneous origins of the ocean.
A924.1. Origin of sea from overturned calabash. Haitian: Alexander Lat. Am. 29.
A924.2. Origin of sea from rotting snakes. Buin: Wheeler Mono-Alu 28.
A924.3. Sea released from tree-top. Papua: Kerr 25.
A924.4. Sea from earth excavation. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 973.
A925. Origin of various qualities of the sea.
A925.1. Origin of high sea waves. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/441).
A925.2. Origin of sea's color. Jewish: Neuman.
A925.3. Origin of foul odor of sea. Jewish: Neuman; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 3/1110).
A925.4. Origin of fresh water welling up in sea. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 96.
A925.5. Origin of mournful sound of sea. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 21.
A925.6. Origin of surf. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 436.
A925.7. Origin of shining patches beneath sea. Tonga: Gifford 200.
A928. Giant drinks up ocean. Hindu: Keith 146. – Cf. Icel.: Meyer Mythologie der Germanen (1903) 244 (Thor lowers level of ocean).
A930. Origin of streams. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
A930.1. Creator of rivers. Jewish: Neuman.
A930.1.1. Snake as creator of rivers and lakes. Papua: Kerr 57; Mono-Alu: Wheeler 67.
A931. Meander-pursuit. (Cf. A901.) – A fugitive's doublings cause a river's windings. – N. A. Indian: Kroeber JAFL XXI 224, (Micmac): Speck JAFL XXVIII 60, (Calif.): Gayton and Newman 62.
A933. River from urine of goddess (giantess). – Irish myth: Cross; Icel.: Herrmann Nordische Mythologie 368, Boberg; French: Sébillot France II 327ff.; Sudanese: Frobenius Atlantis VI 219; India: Thompson-Balys; Korean: Zong in-Sob 15 No. 7.
A933.1. River from the slaver of the Fenris-wolf. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 328; cf. India: Thompson-Balys.
A933.2. River from vagina of first woman. S. A. Indian (Paressi): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 359.
A934. Various origins of rivers.
A934.1. Rivers from digging of primeval ox. (Cf. A920.1.2.) – Kirghis: Holmberg Siberian 331.
A934.2. Rivers formed where certain stones are placed. Each of seven children are to go in a different direction, to walk a mile and put down a stone, then another mile and a stone, etc. Thus rivers are formed. – Ekoi: Talbot 366.
A934.3. Rivers burst forth to commemorate birth, death, battle, etc., of primitive hero. (Cf. A901, A920.1.4.) – Irish myth: Cross.
A934.4. Rivers where god drags his staff. India: Thompson-Balys.
A934.5. Rivers originate through saint's prayer during drought. Irish myth: Cross.
A934.6. Hail-storm leaves twelve chief rivers in Ireland. Irish myth: Cross.
A934.7. River bursts from well in pursuit. Irish myth: Cross.
A934.8. Rivers from mythical well. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 330, 333.
A934.9. Stream unexpectedly bursts from side of mountain. Irish myth: Cross.
A934.10. Origin of river: from a girl drowned in a well. India: Thompson-Balys.
A934.11. River from transformation.
A934.11.1. Girl reincarnated as river so god Vishnu can lie in its bed in the form of a stone. India: Thompson-Balys.
A934.11.2. Person transforms self to river. India: Thompson-Balys.
A934.11.3. Goddess in anger breaks herself into five parts: hence, five branches of a river. India: Thompson-Balys.
A934.11.4. Origin of river: transformed flowing honey. India: Thompson-Balys.
A934.12. Peacock shows rivers the way to the big valley so they will not go round and round. India: Thompson-Balys.
A935. Origin of falls (cataracts). Irish myth: Cross. – Malecite: Speck JAFL XXX 480; S. A. Indian (Chibcha): Kroeber BBAE CXLIII (2) 908; African (Upoto): Einstein 135.
A937. Why there is no mist on a certain river: fanned away with a pair of eagle's wings. India: Thompson-Balys.
A938. Rivers and streams offspring of marriage of Ocean and his sister. Greek: Grote I 6.
A940. Origin of other bodies of water.
A941. Origin of springs. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman. – Japanese: Ikeda; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 114 No. 69; S. A. Indian (Amuesa): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 131.
A941.0.1. Origin of a particular spring. India: Thompson-Balys.
A941.1. Springs originate from horse's hoof-prints. (Cf. A901.) – Malten Jahrb. d. kaiserlichen deutschen archРґologischen Inst. XXIX 185. – Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 134, 328, Herrmann Saxo II 216; Greek: Fox 40, 213; Hungarian: Ipolyi Zs. f. deutsche Mythologie u. Sittenkunde II 273; German: Hdwb. d. deutschen Aberglaubens s.v. (Brunnenв); India: Thompson-Balys.
A941.1.1. Spring from urine of horse. (Cf. A920.1.6., A933.) – Irish myth: Cross.
A941.1.2. Spring breaks forth where fairy horse lies down. Irish myth: Cross.
A941.2. Springs originate from tears. (Cf. A901, A911.) – Greek: Fox 41; Jewish: Neuman.
A941.3. Spring from striking earth with sword. Sébillot France II 181ff.; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 114 No. 69.
A941.3.1. Spring breaks forth where magic spear strikes ground. (Cf. A941.5.1.). Irish myth: Cross.
A941.3.2. Spring where god throws his staff or spear. Oceanic: Beckwith Myth 64ff.
A941.4. Spring breaks forth to commemorate experiences of hero (deity). (Cf. A901, A913.1, A920.1.4.)
A941.4.1. Spring breaks forth to commemorate place of death or burial. Irish myth: Cross; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 188.
A941.4.2. Spring breaks forth at primitive hero's need. Irish myth: Cross.
A941.4.2.1. Spring breaks forth at need of demigod's warriors. Icel.: Herrmann Saxo II 216, MacCulloch Eddic 134, Boberg.
A941.5. Spring breaks forth through power of saint. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.
A941.5.0.1. Fountain breaks forth through power of Virgin Mary. Irish myth: Cross.
A941.5.0.2. Wells break forth at birth of Christ. Irish myth: Cross.
A941.5.1. Spring breaks forth where saint smites rock. (Cf. A941.3.1.) Irish myth: Cross.
A941.5.2. Many-colored fountain breaks forth where saint strikes earth with his foot.
A941.5.3. Spring breaks forth through power of saint at place where leper pulls out clump of rushes. Irish myth: Cross.
A941.5.4. Spring breaks forth where animal delivers book left behind by saint. Irish myth: Cross.
A941.5.5. Spring breaks forth where saint's stolen cow is found. Irish myth: Cross.
A941.5.6. Cloth from goddess, when spread by holy man over a spot, causes water to spring from earth. India: Thompson-Balys.
A941.5.7. Origin of springs where deity dug. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 212.
A941.5.8. Spring from innocent king's blood. Icel.: Boberg.
A941.6. Breaking forth of springs partial cause of Flood. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman.
A941.7. Springs from beneath magic (holy) object.
A941.7.1. Spring from beneath world-tree. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 330 – 333; Jewish: Neuman.
A941.7.2. Spring from roots of sacred tree when arrow is shot into it. Fiji: Beckwith Myth 317.
A941.7.3. Stream from under holy of holies in temple. Jewish: Neuman.
A942. Origin of hot springs (geysers). Jewish: Neuman.
A942.1. Hot springs rise where Christ bathed his feet. (Cf. A901.) – Dh II 68.
A942.2. Origin of salt springs. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 326.

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