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Prevuius group

Group No. 135


J. The wise and the foolish

Group No.

J1100 – J1249

Group name

Clever persons and acts


J1100 – J1699. CLEVERNESS
J1100. J1100. Cleverness.
J1110. J1110. Clever persons. Irish myth: *Cross; Missouri French: Carrière.
J1111. J1111. Clever girl. **DeVries FFC LXXIII; *Chauvin VII 118 No. 387; Köhler-Bolte II 602 No. 1; *BP III 202; Bloomfield JAOS XXXVI 65. – Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.
J1111.1. J1111.1. Princess skillful in argument. Penzer VI 73 n. 3, 74f.
J1111.1.1. J1111.1.1. Princess skillful in pleading. Malone PMLA XLIII 408; India: Thompson-Balys.
J1111.2. J1111.2. Illegitimate daughter of trickster inherits father‘s ability to dupe others. Pierre Faifeu No. 43; Nouvelles de Sens No. 8.
J1111.3. J1111.3. Clever daughter-in-law. India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1111.4. J1111.4. Clever peasant daughter. *Type 875, *BP II 349; **DeVries FFC LXXIII; India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1111.5. J1111.5. Clever minister’s daughter. India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1111.6. J1111.6. Clever maidservant. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1111.6.1. J1111.6.1. Clever slave girl. Jewish: Neuman.
J1112. J1112. Clever wife. India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1112.1. J1112.1. Wife reforms wayward husband. Makes gift to husband‘s mistress so that she may receive him fittingly. Husband is shamed into reforming. Heptameron No. 38; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1112.1.1. J1112.1.1. Disguised real wife orders motley wear for her husband when he goes to fetch new bride-to-be: prospective father-in-law takes him for a fool and real wife reveals herself to husband. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1112.2. J1112.2. Wife dismisses maid who is husband’s mistress and tells him she has fled. Husband understands and reforms. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1112.3. J1112.3. Clever wife advises husband how to succeed on adventures. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1112.4. J1112.4. Wives prevent war by placing themselves and their children between two armies. Nouvelles de Sens No. 16.
J1112.5. J1112.5. Clever wife obtains secrets from husband by questioning him. Irish myth: *Cross.
J1113. J1113. Clever boy. India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1114. J1114. Clever servant. (Cf. J1111.6, J1341, J1561.4, N25, P360, W111.2.)
J1114.0.1. J1114.0.1. Clever slave. (Cf. J1111.6.1.) Jewish: *Neuman. Cf. Aesop.
J1114.1. J1114.1. Man deceived by his hireling. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 1855*.
J1115. J1115. Clever professions.
J1115.1. J1115.1. Clever gambler. Penzer IX 25 n. 1; Pierre Faifeu No. 10.
J1115.2. J1115.2. Clever physician. Penzer II 2 n. 1; Irish myth: *Cross.
J1115.2.1. J1115.2.1. Physician decides that there is no need of purging one who drinks so many liquids. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1115.2.2. J1115.2.2. Physician removes pea from patient’s ear. Knocks him down and pea rolls out. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1115.3. J1115.3. Clever barber. Penzer III 99ff.
J1115.4. J1115.4. Clever tailor. *Type 1640; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “tailleur”.
J1115.5. J1115.5. Clever minstrel. Thien Motive 28.
J1115.5.1. J1115.5.1. Clever minstrel gets a new robe. Has tattered robe mended with scarlet. Ridiculed “I wish the rest of the robe were of the same material”. Is given one. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1115.6. J1115.6. Clever peasant. *Hdwb. d. Märchens I 187b.
J1115.7. J1115.7. Clever merchant.
J1115.7.1. J1115.7.1. Clever merchant profits by being robbed. Monkeys steal his caps. Traps monkeys and sells them. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1115.8. J1115.8. Clever prostitute. Gives advice on many questions. Spanish: Childers.
J1115.9. J1115.9. Clever shepherd. India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1115.10. J1115.10. Clever official.
J1115.10.1. J1115.10.1. Clever governor. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1115.10.2. J1115.10.2. Clever minister. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1116. J1116. Foolish person becomes clever. *Hdwb. d. Märchens I 184ff. nn. 18, 95, 173 – 176; Irish myth: *Cross.
J1116.1. J1116.1. Clever madman. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1117. J1117. Animal as trickster. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 294.
J1117.1. J1117.1. Jackal as trickster. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1117.2. J1117.2. Coyote as trickster. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 294ff.
J1118. J1118. Clever bird.
J1118.1. J1118.1. Clever parrot. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1122. J1122. Clever younger generation.
J1122.1. J1122.1. Young crow‘s alertness. Crow advises young ones to fly away if they see man stooping for a stone to throw. Young crows: “What if he already has stone in hand?” India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1124. J1124. Clever court jester. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1130 – J1199.
J1130. J1130. Cleverness in law court – general. Jewish: *Neuman.
J1131. J1131. Maxims for use of law court. Jewish: *Neuman.
J1140. J1140. Cleverness in detection of truth.
J1140.1. J1140.1. Solomon able to detect truth without evidence of witnesses. Jewish: *Neuman.
J1141. J1141. Confession obtained by a ruse. *Chauvin VIII 89 No. 58; Nouvelles Récréations No. 28.
J1141.1. J1141.1. Guilty person deceived into gesture (act) which admits guilt.
J1141.1.1. J1141.1.1. Largest part of a prize to go to the guilty man. In order to obtain the prize, he confesses the earlier crime. *Type 785; *BP II 149; *Chauvin VIII 101 No. 73; Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 65 No. 9. Cf. American Negro: Harris Friends 160 No. 22.
J1141.1.2. J1141.1.2. “Thief has grease from stolen fowl on him”: thief begins to feel his beard and is detected. India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1141.1.3. J1141.1.3. Creditor: “The destroyed bond was a cubit in size.” Debtor: “That is a lie; it was only a span.” India: Thompson-Balys.
J1141.1.3.1. J1141.1.3.1. Stone as witness. Farmer will not pay servant wages due. Closing his bargain with the servant he had said: “May this stone be witness.” Judge orders stone brought to court. The farmer: “Oh, but the stone is too big (or very far away)”. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *1549.
J1141.1.4. J1141.1.4. “Guilty man‘s stick will grow during night.” Guilty man chops end off stick. India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1141.1.5. J1141.1.5. “Thief has the feathers sticking on his head”: guilty woman immediately passes her hand over her head. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1141.1.6. J1141.1.6. To decide which is master and which servant they are to put heads through window and servant’s head is to be cut off. Servant draws back. India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1141.1.7. J1141.1.7. Which is man and which demon in man‘s shape? Decision to go to whichever can go through end of reed. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1141.1.8. J1141.1.8. Accused woman to go three times around building naked: guilty one begins to strip off her clothes. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1141.1.9. J1141.1.9. Thief persuaded detective can read thoughts: confesses. (Cf. N275.) India: Thompson-Balys.
J1141.1.10. J1141.1.10. Queen flogs suspects telling them to produce stolen gem: thief promises to do so. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1141.1.11. J1141.1.11. Confession of debt secured by having defendant dispute as to whether cat was present when debt was made. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1141.1.12. J1141.1.12. B warns A not to tie his horse near B’s. Horses fight and A‘s is killed. In court B plays dumb. A says B could talk the day before, and repeats conversation. Judge blames A for not taking advice. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1141.2. J1141.2. Magician assigned three places at a table. He confesses to carrying two persons in his body. Wesselski Märchen 186 No. 1; Chavannes 500 Contes I 378.
J1141.3. J1141.3. Cheaters examined apart; first made to repeat paternoster. Others think that he has confessed and truth is discovered. *Herbert III 202; Oesterley No. 128.
J1141.4. J1141.4. Confession induced by bringing an unjust action against accused. False message to thief’s wife to send the stolen jewel case as bribe to the judge. She does. *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 723, *Zachariae Zs. f. Vksk. XXXIII – XXXIV 78; Köhler-Bolte I 535; *Wesselski Arlotto I 222f. No. 67; India: Thompson-Balys.
J1141.5. J1141.5. Detection of theft by finding bag-repairer. Two men are in a lawsuit and before witnesses seal the documents in a bag to await arrival of the king. One of the men cuts the bag open, changes the documents, and has a repairer sew it up again. On the king’s arrival the change is discovered. By having a fine carpet repaired the expert repairer is discovered. Confession follows. *Zachariae Zs. f. Vksk. XXXIII – XXXIV 70.
J1141.6. J1141.6. Thief‘s money scales borrowed. A man buries gold and a thief steals it. The owner detects the criminal. He takes some money to the thief and borrows money scales “to weigh so as to bury with the other”. The thief decides that he is detected and hastens to return the stolen money. *Wesselski Morlini 294 No. 43.
J1141.7. J1141.7. Thief suspected of crawling through hole must take off clothes. He is full of scratches and confesses. Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas IV 99, 280.
J1141.8. J1141.8. Silence points to guilt. Important man quarrels with commoner. Asks bystanders: “Who is right?” Silence. Newcomer states that the important man is wrong. “Had he been right the others would have said so.” Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1141.9. J1141.9. The guilty protests his innocence. Animals put to graze in man’s garden. Owner greets everyone with: “I know about you!” No one pays any attention to him except the guilty one who says: “I did not do it.” Confesses. (Cf. N275.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1141.10. J1141.10. Confession obtained by making thief fear for his life. (Told that crossbow would shoot guilty person as he passed before it.) Pierre Faifeu No. 22.
J1141.11. J1141.11. Detection through ruse. Husbands ask suspected priest to talk to wives on tithing, and thus obtain sufficient evidence to convict him. Cent Nouvelles Nouvelles No. 32.
J1141.12. J1141.12. Guilty man freed of murder charge is tricked into making a false accusation for which he is sentenced. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
J1141.13. J1141.13. Witness always to answer “No.” Thus gets self condemned. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1141.14. J1141.14. Minister threatens divine punishment to thief in congregation. The thief confesses. England, U.S.: *Baughman.
J1141.15. J1141.15. The thief is tricked into revealing himself in church. England: Baughman.
J1141.16. J1141.16. The thief is tricked into betraying himself in supposed ordeal. Canada, England, U.S.: *Baughman.
J1142. J1142. Pseudo-scientific methods of detecting. *Penzer Poison-Damsels 75ff.
J1142.1. J1142.1. Test of mother by weighing milk. The one with the heavier milk the mother of the boy; the other of the girl. *Chauvin VI 63 No. 231; Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas IV 155.
J1142.2. J1142.2. Love detected by quickening pulse. A woman‘s adulterous love detected through her pulse quickening at mention of her lover. *Herbert III 268; Oesterley No. 40; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
J1142.2.1. J1142.2.1. Guilt detected by quickening heartbeat. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
J1142.3. J1142.3. Adultery detected by spit marks on the wall. Too high to have been made by husband. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
J1142.4. J1142.4. Thief’s corpse carried through street to see who will weep for him. *Type 950; *BP III 395ff.
J1142.4.1. J1142.4.1. Mother‘s weeping for thief made to seem natural.
J1142.4.1.1. J1142.4.1.1. Clever son falls from tree, so mother’s tears over dead body of father being carried through street will seem natural. India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1142.4.1.2. J1142.4.1.2. Woman breaks milk jars so that weeping for thief will seem natural. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1143. J1143. Thief detected by building straw fire so that smoke escapes through thief‘s entrance. The secret hole into the building is thus discovered and the thief caught. *Type 950; BP III 395ff.; Köhler-Bolte I 200ff.; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1144. J1144. Eaters of stolen food detected.
J1144.1. J1144.1. Eaters of stolen food detected by the giving of an emetic. Italian Novella: Rotunda (J1142.4.); French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 24.
J1144.2. J1144.2. Animal thief of eggs detected when he comes to a spring to drink. All animals must tell why they are thirsty. Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 27 n. 1.
J1145. J1145. Detection through aid of animal. Icelandic: Boberg.
J1145.1. J1145.1. Murderer detected by actions of murdered man’s dog. Attacks murderer whenever possible. *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 434.
J1146. J1146. Detection by strewing ashes (sand). Trespasser (lover, mistress, ghost, fairy, etc.) leaves footprints in the ashes. *Schoepperle Tristan and Isolt I 117ff., 221ff.; *Gaster Germania XXV 290f.; Fb “mel” II 570; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 510 No. 109, 526 No. 111, 810 n. 410.
J1146.1. J1146.1. Detection by pitch-trap. Pitch is spread so that footprints are left in it, or that shoe is left behind as clue. *Type 510; Cox 1-80, 87-104 passim.
J1147. J1147. Detection through feigned dream.
J1147.1. J1147.1. Husband relates his wife’s adultery in pretended dream. She dies from fright. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1149. J1149. Miscellaneous means of detecting.
J1149.1. J1149.1. Feigned madness unmasked by threatening man‘s child. Greek: Fox 123 (Odysseus).
J1149.2. J1149.2. Cheater discovered by fishing in the street. Man arouses the curiosity of the rascal who has swindled his wife. Type 1382.
J1149.3. J1149.3. Detection by disrobing in a dance. A man masking as a maiden has committed adultery with the queen. A clever girl by challenging him to disrobe in a dance exposes the imposture. *Wesselski Märchen 197 No. 7; Nouvelles de Sens No. 8; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1149.4. J1149.4. Urinalysis reveals coition as cure for illness. Treatment successful. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1149.5. J1149.5. Detection of guilt by smile. Buried money is stolen from blind man. Latter has boy watch and notify him when passerby smiles at him. The smiler is the thief. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1149.6. J1149.6. Thief detected by his answer to question. “How would you treat a woman who came into your possession?” Answer: “I would use her and then give her to the servants.” This reveals his true character. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1149.7. J1149.7. Thief posing as corpse detected by pricking soles of his feet. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1149.8. J1149.8. Magistrate detects thief’s complicity by associating cut hand with companion‘s severed head. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1149.9. J1149.9. Magistrate finds thieving innkeepers guilty of arson. Silver buckles are not melted by the fire. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1149.10. J1149.10. Truth detected by spies listening to reactions of defendants at night. India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1149.11. J1149.11. Washing test: defendants given basin of water. Guilty one wastes it uselessly. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1149.12. J1149.12. Ninety-nine wise men and one fool ordered to pour milk into a tank all at one time: only the fool obeys. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1150. J1150. Cleverness connected with the giving of evidence.
J1151. J1151. Testimony of witness cleverly discredited.
J1151.1. J1151.1. Testimony discredited by inducing witness to talk foolishly.
J1151.1.1. J1151.1.1. Talkative wife discredited. Husband tells his talkative wife about treasure he has discovered. To discredit her report he tells her also of impossible things (woodcock in the fish net, fish in the bird trap, etc.). She repeats it all and whole story is disbelieved. Husband may keep his treasure. *Type 1381; BP I 527; India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1151.1.2. J1151.1.2. Husband discredited by absurd truth. Wife puts fish in furrow where husband plows them up (or like absurdity). At mealtime the husband says, “Where are the fish?” – “What fish?” – “Those I plowed up.” He is laughed to scorn. Bédier Fabliaux 196, 436; India: Thompson-Balys.
J1151.1.3. J1151.1.3. The sausage rain. (Or rain of figs, fishes, or milk.) A mother in order to discredit testimony of her foolish son who has killed a man makes him believe that it has rained sausages. When he says that he killed the man on the night it rained sausages his testimony is discredited. Chauvin VI 126, VIII 35, 69; *Wesselski Hodscha Nasreddin II 184, 195, 204 Nos. 347, 383, 407; *BP I 527; Italian: Basile Pentamerone I No 4; India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1151.2. J1151.2. Witness claims the borrowed coat: discredited. Trickster summoned to court on Jew’s complaint refuses to go unless he has a new coat: Jew lends him his. In court the trickster says that the Jew is a liar: “He will even claim that I am wearing his coat.” The Jew does so and no one believes him. *Type 1642; *BP I 65; Wesselski Hodscha Nasreddin I 220ff. No. 54; *Chauvin VI 126 No. 280; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *1642A; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys.
J1151.3. J1151.3. Testimony gradually weakened. Witness agrees to the following facts in succession: that the person relating the facts may have been in anger, that he may have misunderstood, that he may not have heard it at all. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
J1151.4. J1151.4. Testimony of unsuccessful suitor discredited. Adulteress is surprised in intrigue by unsuccessful suitor. He threatens to tell her husband. She tells her husband that the scorned suitor has accused her falsely of indiscretion with many men. When the suitor tells the husband he does not believe him. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
J1152. J1152. Witness cannot speak language of accusation: discredited. Two parrots taught accusation of mistress in a particular dialect. They know nothing more of the language. (Cf. G1154.1.) Chauvin II 93 No. 41; Bødker Exempler 290 No. 44; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
J1153. J1153. Separate examination of witnesses discredits testimony. *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 114.
J1153.1. J1153.1. Susanna and the elders: separate examination of witnesses. Testimony as to exact circumstances of her deed does not agree. Witnesses discredited. **W. Baumgartner Susanna, die Geschichte einer Legende (Archiv f. Religionswiss. XXIV 259 – 80); *Chauvin VI 193 No. 362; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas I 361f., Neuman.
J1153.2. J1153.2. To which of two men does woman belong? Only one can answer questions just as she has. Other discredited. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1154. J1154. Witness discredited by inability to tell details. (Cf. J1153.1.)
J1154.1. J1154.1. Parrot unable to tell husband details as to wife‘s infidelity. Wife has parrot describe a storm very realistically. Husband observes contrast in the two tales. (Cf. J1152.) *Chauvin VIII 35f. No. 3; Bødker Exempler 286 No. 35; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys.
J1154.2. J1154.2. Witnesses to make image of diamond they claim to have seen. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1154.3. J1154.3. False witnesses cannot describe stolen jewel. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1155. J1155. “Then I woke up”: man discredits his confession by declaring it all a dream. *Type 1790; Wesselski Märchen 187 No. 2; *Toldo Zs. f. Vksk. XV 69f.; *Hilka and Soederhjelm Neuphilologische Mitteilungen (Helsingfors, 1913) 15ff.; India: Thompson-Balys.
J1155.1. J1155.1. Confession discredited by claim to be notorious liar. (Cf. X905.) U.S.: *Baughman.
J1157. J1157. Bribed witnesses nonplussed when judge asks wrong question. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1158. J1158. Witness claims not to have seen crime.
J1158.1. J1158.1. Witness says that dust storm blew and shut his eyes so that he did not see. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1160. J1160. Clever pleading.
J1161. J1161. Literal pleading: letter of law has been met.
J1161.1. J1161.1. The three joint depositors may have their money back when all demand it. Money is left by three joint depositors subject to their joint order. It is stolen by one. When the banker is sued he agrees to give up the money when he receives joint order from all three. *Type 1591; Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 113; Scala Celi 7b No. 46; Alphabet No. 139; Krappe Bulletin Hispanique XXXIX 21 No. 77; Spanish Exempla: Keller; India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1161.2. J1161.2. Pound of flesh. (Fleischpfand.) Literal pleading frees man from pound of flesh contract. Contract does not give the right to shed blood. Impossible, therefore, to carry out. *Type 890; Köhler-Bolte I 211f.; Wesselski Mönchslatein 172 No. 138; *Wesselski Märchen 252 No. 61; *Chauvin VIII 200ff. No. 245; *Taylor Hdwb. d. Märchens s.v. “Fleischpfand”; Oesterley No. 195; Dunlop-Liebrecht 262; JEGPh. XXX (1931) 348 – 60; Shakespeare‘s Merchant of Venice; Icelandic: *Boberg; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
J1161.3. J1161.3. Trespasser’s defense: standing on his own land. Man has earth from his own land in his shoes. *Type 1590; Herbert III 507 No. 62; *Anderson FFC XLII 362 n. 1; Fb “ed” I 234, “jord” II 45b; Künssberg Jahrbuch f. hist. Vksk. I 120f.; Danish: Kristensen Danske Sagn V (1897) 443ff., (1934) 324ff.; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
J1161.4. J1161.4. Money in the stick. Before swearing, the cheater hands a stick containing the stolen money to the man he has stolen it from. He then swears that he has repaid it. *Köhler-Bolte I 137; *Zachariae Zs. f. Vksk. XXXIII – XXXIV 78; **Lewy ibid. XXXVII – XXXVIII 83; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: *Neuman, *Gaster Exempla 210 No. 121a.
J1161.5. J1161.5. Literal penance: boy outwits pope. For three years not to drink wine, not to lie in bed, nor sleep with a prostitute. He goes to a convent, sleeps on eider down, and sleeps with the nuns. (God’s daughters). When the pope condemns him he says he will go to his brother-in-law (Christ: he has wedded God‘s daughters). (Cf. J1764.5.) *Fb “nonne” II 693; Danish: Kristensen Jyske Folkeminder VII No. 36.
J1161.6. J1161.6. Barber paid to change color of woman’s face burns her with acid. He has fulfilled contract. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 414.
J1161.7. J1161.7. Ruler forbids blacksmith to reveal solution of riddle unless he has seen him 100 times. Smith reveals the solution on receipt of 100 crowns bearing the ruler‘s likeness. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1161.8. J1161.8. Ruler orders doctor to wear his hair and his robe “not too long and not too short”. Has both his hair and his cloak cut half short and half long. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
J1161.8.1. J1161.8.1. Bishop orders priest to wear his beard and his robe “not too long and not too short.” Cent Nouvelles Nouvelles No. 94.
J1161.9. J1161.9. Drunk philosopher wagers that he can drink the ocean dry. Agrees to do so if the other will hold back streams emptying into the ocean. Agreed to drink only the ocean. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1161.10. J1161.10. Man tells servant that he may have anything he can take with his teeth (eat). Servant takes master’s cape with his teeth. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1161.11. J1161.11. Thief makes it fall out that he has but taken what has been given him (he has followed literal instructions). India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1162. J1162. Plea by admitting accusation and discomfiting accuser.
J1162.1. J1162.1. Nurse‘s false plea admitted: child demanded. A nurse falsely demands pay for caring for a child which she says is the hero’s. In court: “The child is indeed mine; give him to me.” The child belongs to a peasant. Nurse confesses and is punished. Wesselski Märchen 229 No. 40.
J1162.2. J1162.2. Robbers‘ false plea admitted: counteraccusation. Robbers claim a man’s knife. In court: “The knife may indeed be theirs. I and my father were attacked yesterday by robbers. I fled. On returning I found my father killed and this knife in his body.” Robbers condemned. *Wesselski Märchen 229 No. 40. Irish myth: Cross (K448.1).
J1162.3. J1162.3. Own name inscribed on a stolen object as sign of property. Irish myth: Cross.
J1162.4. J1162.4. Clever pleading: youth in court for calling king a fool, proves truth of statement because king allowed self to be duped by alchemist. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
J1163. J1163. Pleading for accused by means of parable. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1164. J1164. Clever pleading: fighting for King of Kings. Knight hailed before king for fighting blasphemer, tells king that he would fight to protect the honor of the king‘s name so why not for the name of the King of Kings? Spanish Exempla: Keller.
J1165. J1165. Plea by showing great temptation to crime.
J1165.1. J1165.1. Thieves tell judge walls of houses were so weak they could not resist temptation of breaking in. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1166. J1166. Plea by shifting blame to another.
J1166.1. J1166.1. Barber operating on child’s skin kills it: blames mother for child‘s thin skin. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1166.2. J1166.2. When royal mace-bearer is attacked he throws away mace: attackers accuse him of insult to king. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1169. J1169. Clever pleading – miscellaneous.
J1169.1. J1169.1. The woman with bad eyes. Physician called to doctor woman’s eyes bandages them and then steals things each day. She refuses to pay fee and is haled to court. She says that her sight is worse than ever for whereas she used to see many things in her house she now sees very little. Theft is thus revealed. Wesselski Mönchslatein 20 No. 15; Wienert FFC LVI 39; Halm Aesop No. 107. – India: Thompson-Balys.
J1169.2. J1169.2. Bought behind the village. Lawyer declares unjustly that stolen horse has been bought and paid for. Angry farmer: “Yes, behind the village he bought and paid for it” (meaning that he stole it from the pasture). Lawyer pleads successfully that it is as well to buy a horse outside as inside the village. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 838.
J1169.3. J1169.3. Their assistance not asked. Knight attacks enemy contrary to orders. Part of army helps him and is killed. He disclaims responsibility since he had not asked their aid. Wesselski Bebel I 157 No. 86.
J1169.4. J1169.4. The ass beheaded. King vows to sacrifice first thing he meets. It is a miller driving an ass. Miller pleads that the ass preceded him. They behead the ass. Pauli (ed. Bolte) Nos. 507, 733; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1169.5. J1169.5. The laughing ass. King has trickster‘s horse’s tail cut off. Trickster retaliates by cutting off part of upper lip of king‘s ass. At trial the animals are brought forth. Everyone laughs at the ass. Trickster: “If everyone laughs at the ass, how could the ass help laughing at her companion without a tail?” Freed. *Wesselski Gonnella 116 No. 12; U.S.: Baughman.
J1169.6. J1169.6. Receiver of stolen goods. A tailor makes a Jew a coat of stolen goods. Accused of theft, he says that the Jew has the cloth. Wesselski Hodscha Nasreddin I 257 No. 191.
J1169.7. J1169.7. Suit about the ass’s shadow. Man hires ass and driver for trip across plain. In the heat the traveler sits down in the ass‘s shadow. The driver pushes him away. Plea: he didn’t hire the ass‘s shadow. *Wienert FFC LVI 37; Halm Aesop No. 339.
J1169.8. J1169.8. The prophet’s first disciple. Judge demands that a pseudo-prophet show a miracle. Latter offers to cut off judge‘s head and resuscitate him. Judge agrees to be the first disciple. *Wesselski Hodscha Nasreddin I 257 No. 197.
J1169.9. J1169.9. Three unlawful acts in killing one sheep: two lambs were inside. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1170. J1170. Clever judicial decisions.
J1170.1. J1170.1. Series of wise judgments settles quarrels of village. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1170.2. J1170.2. The Irish Solomon (Cormac mac Airt). Famed for his clever decisions. Irish myth: *Cross.
J1171. J1171. Judgment by testing love.
J1171.1. J1171.1. Solomon’s judgment: the divided child. Two women claim a child. Judge offers to cut it in two. Real mother refuses. *Frazer Old Testament II 570; *Goebel Jüdische Motive im Märchenhaften Erzählungsgut (Gleiwitz, 1932) 21ff.; *Gaidoz Mélusine IV 313, 337, 366, 385, 414, 446, 457; *Köhler-Bolte I 531; *Chauvin VI 63 No. 231. – Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “partage”; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian (Menomini): Skinner and Satterlee PaAM XIII 397; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 348 n. 1; West Indies: Flowers 479. Cf. Cook Group: Dixon 37 (child actually cut in two to settle dispute).
J1171.1.1. J1171.1.1. The ring to be cut in two and divided between quarreling persons: real owner laments the waste of the gold. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1171.2. J1171.2. Solomon’s judgment: the divided bride. Three suitors dispute over a woman. When it is proposed to divide her, true lover is discovered. *Type 653; India: Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda.
J1171.3. J1171.3. The woman with two husbands is to be killed. One of the husbands refuses to bury her. She is awarded to the other. Type 926*; India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1171.3.1. J1171.3.1. Clever judgment: man must belong to the third wife because the first had buried him and the second did not protect him. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1171.4. J1171.4. Which mare is mother of colt: colt taken in boat to the middle of river; mother will swim to it. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1172. J1172. Judgment as rebuke to unjust plaintiff.
J1172.1. J1172.1. Not the same purse as was lost. Finder of a purse containing 800 gulden returns it to owner for reward. Latter says that purse had 900 gulden in it. In court. Decision: The rich man speaks truth. The purse found is not the one he lost. The finder may keep it. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 115; Chauvin IX 26 No. 15; Scala Celi 21b No. 135; Alphabet No. 650; *Krappe Bulletin Hispanique XXXIX 44; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
J1172.2. J1172.2. Payment with the clink of the money. Man sued for payment for enjoyment of the flavor of meat when roasting. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No 48; Nouvelles de Sens No. 9; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys; Indonesia: DeVries‘s list No. 297.
J1172.3. J1172.3. Ungrateful animal returned to captivity. A man rescues a serpent (bear) who in return seeks to kill his rescuer. Fox as judge advises the man to put the serpent back into captivity. *Type 155; **Krohn Mann und Fuchs 38; **McKenzie MPh I 497ff.; Herbert III 14, 37, 54; *Köhler-Bolte I 50; *Chauvin II 121 No. 109; IX 18 No. 4; *Gaster Exempla 268 No. 441; *Crane Vitry 201 No. 160; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 745; Wienert FFC LVI 65 (ET 293), 147 (ST 515); Halm Aesop No. 97; *Fb “utak”; Scala Celi 86b No. 502; Alphabet No. 706; Oesterley No 174; *Krappe Bulletin Hispanique XXXIX 39. -Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 27 No. 15; Indonesia: Dixon 197 n. 36; American Negro: Harris Nights 274 No. 46; Africa: Milligan Jungle 98f., (Cameroon): Lederbogen 63.
J1172.3.1. J1172.3.1. Unjust claimant of woman duped into entering jar. Jackal as judge declares that real husband shall enter jar woman carries on her head. India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1172.3.2. J1172.3.2. Animals render unjust decision against man since man has always been unjust to them. India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Bushman): Honey South African Folk Tales (New York, 1910) 101f., (Tumbuka-Kamanga): Young Customs and Folklore of the Tumbuka Kamanga (Livingstonia, 1931) 233ff., (Shilluk): Oyler Sudan Notes and Records II 221f., (Tschi): Bellon Mitt. d. Sem. f. Orient. Spr. XVII (3) 20ff. No. 4, (Saho): Reinisch Die Saho-Sprache (Wien, 1889) I (5) 205ff. No. 17, (Senegal): Colin RTP I 140f., Zeltner Contes du Senegal et du Niger (Paris, 1913) 81ff.
J1172.4. J1172.4. Turtle released by man to carry him across stream. Threatens him midway. Fox to be judge. Feigns deafness and makes turtle come so near shore man jumps and saves self. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1173. J1173. Series of clever unjust decisions: plaintiff voluntarily withdraws. (1) Man pulls off borrowed horse’s tail: he shall keep horse till tail grows on. (2) Man falls out of bed and kills a baby (or causes a miscarriage): he shall beget a new baby for the mother. (3) Man falls from a bridge and kills boatsman‘s son: shall allow boatsman to fall from bridge and kill him *Wesselski Hodscha Nasreddin II 234 No. 515; *Köhler-Bolte II 578; Penzer VI 83f.; *Feilberg Danske Studier (1920) 2ff.; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 131 No. 1535A*; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1173.1. J1173.1. Novel settlement of dispute. Judge orders woman’s second husband to return her to the first in the same condition as he received her (with child). Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1173.1.1. J1173.1.1. Novel settlement: snake‘s wife must wait to kill prince till princess bears as many sons as snake has. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1174. J1174. Clever decisions concerning kissing and rape.
J1174.1. J1174.1. Youth in court for kissing prince’s daughter pleads his love for her. Prince allows plea: “If we kill those who love us, what shall we do to those who hate us?” Pauli (ed. Bolte) Nos. 120, 733; Alphabet No. 60; Mensa Philosophica No. 16; *Krappe Bulletin Hispanique XXXIX 20; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
J1174.2. J1174.2. Complaint about the stolen kiss. Woman is allowed to take one in return. Wesselski Hodscha Nasreddin I 254 No. 173.
J1174.2.1. J1174.2.1. Man breaks promise to sleep chastely with woman. Decision: deceived fiance is to sleep with seducer‘s wife, if he ever marries. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1174.3. J1174.3. The girl screams when she is robbed. Accuses young man of raping her. When he tries to rob her of money she summons help. Decision: if she had shouted as loud before, the man could not have raped her. Youth acquitted. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 15; Herbert III 21; *Crane Vitry 242 No. 255.
J1174.4. J1174.4. Girls must pay for young man’s virginity. Girls repulsed by man climb in his window at night. Become pregnant and demand marriage. Branded as prostitutes and must pay the man. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 17.
J1174.5. J1174.5. Man‘s torn garment as proof of his innocence of rape. If he were the assaulter, the torn garment would be woman’s. Jewish: *Neuman.
J1175. J1175. Judgments concerning arson.
J1175.1. J1175.1. The cat in the warehouse. One of four companions is left in a warehouse to care for a cat which has a broken leg. Cat scratches self near flame and sets warehouse afire. The three must pay the one left behind. Broken leg could not walk and it was the three legs belonging to the three traders which caused the fire. *Zachariae Zs. f. Vksk. XXXIII – XXXIV 72; India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1175.2. J1175.2. Intentional and accidental fire. Rich man wishing to get rid of a neighbor‘s tree sets it afire. Neighbor’s house catches and burns. Must pay four times value of tree since fire is intentional, but only actual value of house, since that fire was accidental. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 625.
J1176. J1176. Decisions based on experimental tests. Icelandic: *Boberg.
J1176.1. J1176.1. Pouring water into the inkwell. Soldier accused of stealing slavegirl from author. Girl told to pour water into an inkwell. She does it so skillfully that she must have learned it from the author. *Zachariae Zs. f. Vksk. XXXIII – XXXIV 72.
J1176.2. J1176.2. Measuring the dregs. Some full and some half-full wine casks left with man by neighbor, who accuses him of theft. Fraud of accusation detected by measuring the dregs. Oesterley No. 246; Herbert III 237; Ward ibid. II 239; *Krappe Bulletin Hispanique XXXIX 45; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
J1176.3. J1176.3. Gold pieces in the honey-pot. Woman leaves honey-pot with neighbor to guard. It has gold below the honey. Neighbor steals the gold and substitutes honey. Theft proved by gold pieces sticking to sides of pot. (Cf. J1192.2.) Alphabet No. 261; Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas III 58ff., 300f., *Neuman.
J1176.4. J1176.4. A two-headed man is only one man. Two-headed man claims double inheritance. Hot water poured over one head. Other head cries out with pain. He is declared to be one man and to merit only one share. Jewish: Gaster Exempla 206 No. 113, bin Gorion Born Judas III 73, 302, *Neuman.
J1176.5. J1176.5. True husband of woman determined by assigning superhuman task. Thus god masking as husband is discovered. Hdwb. d. Märchens I 247b; Zachariae Zs. f. Vksk. XVI 139.
J1177. J1177. Story told to discover thief. Judge tells story of the lady, her husband, her lover, and the robbers (H1552.1). Which was the most generous? Witness says that robber was. This shows that he has robber‘s point of view. *Type 976; Jewish: Gaster Exempla 206 No. 111, bin Gorion Born Judas III 97, 303; India: Thompson-Balys.
J1177.0.1. J1177.0.1. None should interrupt or leave the room while story is told: treachery revealed. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1177.1. J1177.1. Story told to discover thief: sundry tales. India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1179. J1179. Clever judicial decisions – miscellaneous. Africa (Angola): Chatelain Nos. 10, 42, 49.
J1179.1. J1179.1. Damages for the field devastated by a flock. David says pay money damages. Solomon says let laborers have flock till milk and wool have paid the damages. *Chauvin VIII 99 No. 71; Irish myth: Cross.
J1179.2. J1179.2. The hog belongs to whichever place he goes of his own accord. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 121.
J1179.3. J1179.3. The short blanket must be patched. Weaver makes blanket shorter than ordered. Weaver ordered to add a piece to the blanket and then to receive full price. Bolte Frey’s Gartengesellschaft 110, 256.
J1179.4. J1179.4. Robber innocent because he is merely following traditions of his ancestors. Wesselski Bebel II 111 No. 39.
J1179.5. J1179.5. Servants would not have left the coats. Merchants complain to nobleman that his servants have robbed them of money. Nobleman asks whether merchants had on those good coats when the robbery took place. When told yes, he said that the robbers were not his servants, for they would never have left good coats. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 490; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1179.6. J1179.6. Thread awarded to disputant who knows what it was wound on. Zachariae Kleine Schriften 84; Alphabet No. 533.
J1179.7. J1179.7. Stolen necklace does not have same scent as defendant uses. Zachariae Kleine Schriften 57.
J1179.8. J1179.8. Tenant advised by landlord to steal in order to pay his taxes acquitted. Bolte Montanus‘ Gartengesellschaft 610 No. 67.
J1179.9. J1179.9. The judge pays fine himself. Tires of the bickering of two men over a trifling sum. Italian Novella: Rotunda; Spanish: Childers.
J1179.10. J1179.10. Enoch Arden decision. Man believing wife dead becomes a priest. Later finds her alive. Pope’s decision: he may remain both a priest and husband but must not consort with any other woman. Cent Nouvelles Nouvelles No. 42; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1179.11. J1179.11. Those who furnish equal number of animals for plow share equally in crop (in spite of amount of work done by each). India: Thompson-Balys.
J1179.12. J1179.12. Actual rescuer gets woman. Watchers could never have got her merely by watching. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1179.13. J1179.13. Cardinal‘s clever decision: that the monks who arise earliest may sound matins. There had been a great argument over this privilege. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
J1179.14. J1179.14. Eye of king’s foster-son damaged by sting of bee. Boy‘s friends demand eye of king’s son in forfeit; king decrees instead destruction of swarm of bees so that guilty one may perish. Irish myth: *Cross.
J1180. J1180. Clever means of avoiding legal punishment.
J1181. J1181. Execution escaped by use of special permissions granted the condemned.
J1181.0.1. J1181.0.1. Execution: man induced to kill self. King may not execute Brahmin, but gets him drunk and brings about his death. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1181.1. J1181.1. Execution evaded by using three wishes. King ordains that guest who turns his plate shall be executed, but orders that anyone so condemned shall have three wishes granted. One of the wishes: to have all blinded who saw him turn the plate. He is freed. *Wesselski Märchen des Mittelalters 230 No. 40; Herbert III 197; Oesterley No. 194.
J1181.2. J1181.2. Execution evaded by having three wishes granted: to be emperor, judge and the emperor‘s son-in-law during the last week of his life. As judge he frees himself and is in reality freed. Köhler-Bolte II 651 – 57; Zs. f. Vksk. XV 222; Icelandic: Boberg.
J1181.3. J1181.3. Condemned man wins pardon by clever remark. Fool is allowed to jump off cliff (balcony) as punishment. Master expresses surprise that in three trials he has failed to hurl himself from the height. The jester offers the prince four trials. Amused prince pardons the jester. Spanish: Childers.
J1182. J1182. Punishment escaped by discomfiting condemner.
J1182.1. J1182.1. To be beaten by deceiver of husband. Lady has her women ready to give a trickster a beating. He is allowed to make one request. The one who has most often deceived her husband shall strike first. *Wesselski Gonnella 121 No. 16; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
J1183. J1183. Execution escaped by invoking laws of hospitality.
J1183.1. J1183.1. Prisoner has drunk water furnished by the king and thus becomes king‘s guest. Spared. *Chauvin VI 72 No. 238.
J1184. J1184. No second punishment for same offense.
J1184.1. J1184.1. Adulteress hurled from high rock escapes injury: she may not be punished again. Herbert III 211; Oesterley Gesta Romanorum No. 3.
J1184.2. J1184.2. Ears not to be cut off a second time. Executioner discovers that the prisoner’s ears are of stucco, having been clipped for a previous offense. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1185. J1185. Execution escaped by story-telling. Cf. Browning‘s “Balaustion’s Adventure.”
J1185.1. J1185.1. Scheherazade: story with indefinite sequels told to stave off execution. *Chauvin V 190 No. 111.
J1189. J1189. Clever means of avoiding legal punishment – miscellaneous.
J1189.1. J1189.1. Youth will answer question only when king places him on throne: then youth calls executioners to punish cruel king. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1189.2. J1189.2. Execution escaped by threatening with malediction. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
J1189.3. J1189.3. King substitutes for condemned man when he is told that whoever is executed that day is destined to become king in his next birth. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1190. J1190. Cleverness in the lawcourt – miscellaneous.
J1191. J1191. Reductio ad absurdum of judgment. *Chauvin VI 63, 231; *Zachariae Zs f. Vksk. XXX – XXXII 50 n. 2; *Wesselski Arlotto II 215 No. 73; India: Thompson-Balys; Oceanic: *Dixon 199 n. 37; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 197 No. 26.
J1191.1. J1191.1. Reductio ad absurdum: the decision about the colt. A man ties his mare to a second man’s wagon. The mare bears a colt which the wagon-owner claims, saying that the wagon has borne a colt. Real owner of the colt shows the absurdity (1) by fishing in the street or (2) by telling that his wife is shooting fish in the garden. Neither of these things are so absurd as the decision. *Type 875; **DeVries FFC LXXIII; India: *Thompson-Balys; Köhler-Bolte I 460; *BP II 349ff., 371; *Wesselski Hodscha Nasreddin II 212 No. 434; India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1191.1.1. J1191.1.1. “The sea is on fire” – not more absurd than the decision about the colt. India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1191.2. J1191.2. Suit for chickens produced from boiled eggs. Countertask: harvesting crop produced from cooked seeds. *DeVries FFC LXXIII 244; Jewish: *Neuman.
J1191.3. J1191.3. The funeral for the ineligible husband. A king awards a young woman to a gardener, who is already married. The young woman performs a funeral ceremony for him. The king is pleased with the jest and takes her into the harem. Chauvin V 245 No. 146.
J1191.4. J1191.4. To return the dead elephant alive. Hired elephant dies. Owner demands the live elephant. The god causes the elephant‘s owner to break pots of the other. Is unable to make specific restitution. India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1191.5. J1191.5. Reductio ad absurdum of accusation: object-birth slander. (Later children tell toy animals to drink. No harder than for woman to bear objects.) India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1191.5.1. J1191.5.1. Impossible to eat pearls: also impossible for woman to bear animals (objects). India: Thompson-Balys.
J1191.6. J1191.6. Plaintiff in court beats thief since he had not warned him ahead of time to have witnesses to robbery. Judge has refused to inquire for lack of witnesses. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1191.7. J1191.7. Rice pot on pole, fire far away. As easy to cook rice thus as to warm a man at a distance from a lamp on a balcony. India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1192. J1192. The bribed judge. *Krappe Bulletin Hispanique XXXIX 38; Spanish Exempla: Keller; India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1192.1. J1192.1. Judge awards decision to the greater bribe. *DeVries FFC LXXIII 263; Pauli (ed. Bolte) Nos. 125, 128, 852, 853; Scala Celi 20a No. 122; England: Baughman; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
J1192.1.1. J1192.1.1. Buffalo has eaten up turban. Judge decides for greater bribe. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1192.1.2. J1192.1.2. Judge favors poor defendant so he may obtain money from rich without begging. Jewish: Neuman.
J1192.2. J1192.2. Error was in the honey. Trickster takes jar filled with earth but with honey on top as bribe to the judge. He takes the decision in writing. Cheat is discovered and judge sends message that an error has been made. Reply: the decision was right; the error is in the honey. (Cf. J1176.3.) *Wesselski Hodscha Nasreddin I 252 No. 170.
J1192.3. J1192.3. The bribed judge‘s ancestors. Clever animal says in court that she drops dung on ancestors of judges who take bribes (unless they confess). Judges confess. India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1193. J1193. Clever interpretation of judge’s statement.
J1193.1. J1193.1. Killing the fly on the judge‘s nose. The judge has told the boy that he should kill a fly wherever he sees one. Type 1586; *BP I 519; *Wesselski Hodscha Nasreddin I 271 No. 280; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 673; Fansler MAFLS XII 390, 435; Rumanian: Schullerus FFC LXXVIII 69 No. 4.
J1193.2. J1193.2. The value of a blow. A judge awards damages of a penny against a friend of his for giving a blow. The defendant goes to get the money and is gone long. Meanwhile the plaintiff gives the judge a blow and tells him to use the penny as damages. *Wesselski Hodscha Nasreddin I 254 No. 172; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 718; India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1193.2.1. J1193.2.1. The Court keeps the change. Man is fined half-ducat. Judge has no change. Defendant strikes judge for the change. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1195. J1195. Judge frightened into awarding decision. India: *Thompson-Balys.
J1197. J1197. Judge finds offense is not great when it is his own son who is guilty. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1198. J1198. Pardon in return for confession.
J1198.1. J1198.1. King promises thieves pardon for confession: pleased with their cleverness. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1210 – J1229.
J1210. J1210. Clever man puts another out of countenance.
J1211. J1211. Putting out of countenance by telling evil stories.
J1211.1. J1211.1. Peasant preaches about bishop’s amour. Bishop has instructed him to tell the truth and spare no one when he preaches. *Type 1825A; Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 711.
J1211.1.1. J1211.1.1. Priest preaches about bishop‘s amour. Bishop has fined priest for incontinence. Priest hides and witnesses amorous intrigue between bishop and abbess, hearing bishop refer to the abbess’s charms in biblical similes. Priest incorporates overheard references in his introduction to the Mass and is asked for an explanation. Bishop returns his fine. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1211.2. J1211.2. Clever thief may keep booty. He has seen his victim in a disgraceful position and is allowed the booty as a price for his silence. *Köhler-Bolte II 594; *Wesselski Hodscha Nasreddin I 263 No. 236; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
J1211.2.1. J1211.2.1. The drunken officer‘s stolen mantle. Thief confronted by the officer tells all the circumstances of the drunkenness (with many shameful additions). The officer denies the ownership. *Wesselski Hodscha Nasreddin I 239 No. 120.
J1211.3. J1211.3. Courtier having observed king’s amour shields him and gains pardon. Answers in clever proverbs when called on to say what he has seen. India: Thompson-Balys.
J1212. J1212. Judge put out of countenance.
J1212.1. J1212.1. The doubly-bribed judge. One of the disputants keeps the hens he is to give the judge in his hand and when the decision begins to go against him makes the hens cry out. *Wesselski Arlotto I 208 No. 48.
J1213. J1213. Thief exposes owner‘s unjust claim.
J1213.1. J1213.1. Complaint about the stolen ox. A thief steals a calf and keeps the hide. The owner makes a hue and cry about a stolen ox. The thief produces the calfhide: “You thief, to demand an ox for a calf!” Wesselski Hodscha Nasreddin I 209 No. 16, cf. 254 No. 177.
J1214. J1214. Absurd pretence, when allowed, puts pretender out of countenance.
J1214.1. J1214.1. Claim that dog-head captured game. Two hunters, one with dog and other with dog-head, dispute. The claim that the dog-head captured the game is allowed and then the alarm is raised that the owner of the, game is coming to punish the theft. Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 243 No. 19.
J1216. J1216. Cheater put out of countenance by raising alarm. Wine seller carries water into his cellar. Man raises alarm pretending that he thought the house must be afire. Wesselski Bebel II 109 No. 31.
J1217. J1217. Worldly man puts religious man out of countenance.
J1217.1. J1217.1. One dueller fights with God’s help; the other with his brother‘s. First claims that the odds are unfair; second agrees that he will fight without his brother if the first will fight without God. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 312.
J1217.2. J1217.2. Simple holy man puts philosopher out of countenance when he says to him that wisdom came before learning. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
J1218. J1218. Thirty years old for twelve years. Man claims to be thirty; has been doing so for the last twelve years. Spanish, Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
J1221. J1221. Old man in love with young woman puts his critics out of countenance. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
J1223. J1223. Rebuke for telling a poor and long-winded story. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
J1224. J1224. Poet puts others out of countenance.
J1224.1. J1224.1. Poet is importuned by admirers. Vaults away from them saying: “You may tell me anything you wish – in your own homes! Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J1224.2. J1224.2. Poet (Dante) puts ruler out of countenance. Ruler had instructed jesters to tease him. The poet cleverly answers his questioners pretending to have the impression that the questions are addressed to the ruler. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
J1230. Clever dividing.
J1241. J1241. Clever dividing which favors the divider. India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda; West Indies: Flowers 481.
J1241.1. J1241.1. Dividing two sheep and a ram: trickster to divide with two friends. You two take one sheep; the ram and I will take the other. Wesselski Hodscha Nasreddin II 202 No. 399.
J1241.2. J1241.2. Dividing four coins among three persons. Two coins apiece given to two; other is to wait till two more coins are found. Wesselski Hodscha Nasreddin II 181 No. 339.
J1241.3. J1241.3. Dividing three fish among two men. Fools submit problem to trickster who solves problem by taking third fish himself. Indonesia: DeVries’s list No. 259.
J1241.4. J1241.4. Division of the fat and lean fowls. Two fat fowls and one lean one at meal. Hero is lean, his two hosts fat. He is to divide. One lean fowl for the two fat people; two fat fowls for the one lean man. *Wesselski Märchen 229 No. 40.
J1241.5. J1241.5. Dividing the eggs: one man‘s hand in the pot at a time. Trickster alternates hands so fast that the other man never gets to put his hand in. He finally puts his foot in the pan. Spanish: Childers.
J1242. J1242. Dividing by scripture quoting.
J1242.1. J1242.1. Hog’s head divided according to scripture. To be divided among three students according to their skill in quoting. First: ”And they cut one ear off“ (takes ear). Second: ”And they gave him a box on the ear“ (takes other ear). Third: ”And they took him away secretly“ (takes whole hog away). BP II 361.
J1242.2. J1242.2. Three men divide a large fish by quoting scripture. Spanish: Childers.
J1243. J1243. Inherited gold ring divided between three by selling it and dividing the money. Icelandic: Boberg.
J1249. J1249. Clever dividing – miscellaneous.
J1249.1. J1249.1. Dividing five eggs equally between two men and one woman. Three to the woman and one each to the men. Men already have two (testicles). *Fischer-Bolte 207.

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