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Prevuius group

Group No. 133


J. The wise and the foolish

Group No.

J900 – J999

Group name



J900. J900. Humility.
J901. J901. The seven daughters of Humility. Irish myth: *Cross.
J902. J902. Humility of angels. Jewish: *Neuman.
J903. J903. Humility one of the qualifications of a prophet. Jewish: Neuman.
J904. J904. Judge should possess humility and modesty. Jewish: Neuman.
J905. J905. Humility of the wise “Sons of the East”. (Cf. J191.) Jewish: Neuman.
J910. J910. Humility of the great.
J911. J911. Wise man acknowledges his ignorance.
J911.1. J911.1. Men not chosen for their ignorance; else he should have reached heaven. Upbraided for not knowing answer to question, man answers that he was chosen for his position because of what he knew, not of what he did not know. *Wesselski Hodscha Nasreddin II 224 No. 462.
J912. J912. Wise man humble in death.
J912.1. J912.1. King orders piece of cloth shown after his death. The measure of all that he has taken with him to the grave. Herbert III 10; *Crane Vitry 185 No. 119; Krappe Bulletin Hispanique XXXIX 24; Wesselski Mönchslatein 67 No. 54; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
J912.2. J912.2. King refuses to have fine tomb erected for him since his stay on earth is so unimportant. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
J912.3. J912.3. Rich man humbled by realization that he cannot take his wealth with him. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
J913. J913. King has earthen vessels placed on table among the golden ones. He had formerly been a potter and prefers the vessels which he had made to the ones now molding him. Spanish: Childers.
J914. J914. King shows humility by mingling with common people.
J914.1. J914.1. King David dances with common youths before the Ark of the Covenant. He humbles self to please God. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
J915. J915. King of humble lineage cannot be flattered. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
J916. J916. Abbot to avoid vainglory receives judge in rags. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
J917. J917. Opposing wise men humble themselves and become friends. Jewish: Neuman.
J918. J918. Empress sews and shows she is not too noble to work. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
J921. J921. Noble and ugly holy man embraces man who calls him ugly, saying he loves those who see him as he really is. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
J950. J950. Presumption of the lowly.
J951. J951. Lowly masks as great.
J951.1. J951.1. Ass in lion’s skin unmasked when he raises his voice. **DeCock Volkssage 184ff.; Wienert FFC LVI 57 (ET 175, 176), *91 (ST 38), 93 (ST 69); Halm Aesop Nos. 333, 336; Jacobs Aesop 211 No. 49; *Chauvin II 224 No. 22. – Spanish Exempla: Keller; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer V 99 n. 3.
J951.2. J951.2. Jay in peacock‘s (pigeon’s) skin unmasked. Type 244; Wienert FFC LVI 47, 57 (ET 61, 173), *93 (ST 66, 67, 68); Halm Aesop Nos. 200, 201, 201b; Jacobs Aesop 205 No. 21; Scala Celi 80b No. 461; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
J951.3. J951.3. Crow tries to prophesy like raven: detected by his voice. Wienert FFC LVI 73, (ET 387), 92 (ST 42); Halm Aesop No. 212.
J951.4. J951.4. Weasel paints self to deceive mice. Detected. Wienert FFC LVI *53 (ET 133), 87 (ST 7); Halm Aesop No. 87.
J951.4.1. J951.4.1. Painted jackal admitted neither to the peacocks nor to the jackals. India: Thompson-Balys.
J951.5. J951.5. King of jackals captured because of his large banner. India: Thompson-Balys.
J952. J952. Lowly animal tries to move among his superiors. Detected.
J952.1. J952.1. Presumptuous wolf among lions. Large wolf, called by his companions “Lion”. Presumes to mix with lions but is only a wolf. Wienert FFC LVI 58 (ET 188), 91 (ST 36); Halm Aesop No. 272.
J952.2. J952.2. Ass follows after lion and is punished. Ass and cock are surprised by lion. Cock crows and scares lion, who runs. Ass thinks that he has scared lion and pursues. Wienert FFC LVI 57 (ET 174), 92 (ST 53); Halm Aesop No. 323.
J952.3. J952.3. Dog follows lion. Flees at lion‘s roar. Wienert FFC LVI 57 (ET 184), 91 (ST 35); Halm Aesop No. 226.
J952.4. J952.4. Ass who has worked with ox thinks himself equal to ox. Wienert FFC LVI 57 (ET 178), 91 (ST 39); Halm Aesop No. 104.
J952.5. J952.5. Frog heaps abuse on bullock, who scorns him. India: Thompson-Balys.
J953. J953. Self-deception of the lowly.
J953.1. J953.1. Dog proud of his clog. Thinks that the clog on his neck is a decoration. Wienert FFC LVI 57 (ET 183), 91 (ST 34); Halm Aesop No. 224.
J953.2. J953.2. Bad singer thinks he is talented: driven from theatre. Wienert FFC LVI 82 (ET 481), 93 (ST 72); Halm Aesop No. 193.
J953.2.1. J953.2.1. Bad writer who praises himself reprimanded. Wienert FFC LVI 85 (ET 515), 91 ST 41).
J953.3. J953.3. Flute-player thinks song meant for the prince is sung to him. Punished for presumption. Wienert FFC LVI 81 (ET 478), 93 (ST 71).
J953.4. J953.4. Ass who carried divine image thinks people bow before him. Wienert FFC LVI 57 (ET 177), 94 (ST 74); Halm Aesop No. 324.
J953.5. J953.5. Disdain of the wolf for the dog. Is fleeing from dog’s master not from him. Wienert FFC LVI *55 (ET 150), 91 (ST 33); Halm Aesop No. 230.
J953.6. J953.6. Gnats think they have thrown horse down. He has only rolled over. *Type 281; Russian: Andrejev No. 281; India: Thompson-Balys.
J953.7. J953.7. Crow thinks harvesters are stealing his grain. *Type 243.
J953.8. J953.8. Woman in finery in church thinks people are standing up to see her when they rise at gospel reading. Wesselski Bebel II 138 No. 119.
J953.9. J953.9. Spider thinks that it has held back the wind. Indonesian: DeVries‘s list No. 138.
J953.10. J953.10. Gnats apologize for lighting on bull’s horn. He had not felt their weight. Wienert FFC LVI *57 (ET 186), 92 (ST 49); Halm Aesop No. 235; India: Thompson-Balys; Indonesia: DeVries‘s list No. 136.
J953.10.1. J953.10.1. Raven riding on bull’s horns thinks he has brought bull home. India: Thompson-Balys.
J953.11. J953.11. Crow alighting on falling tree thinks his weight made it fall. Penzer III 70 n. 1; Bloomfield Am Journ. Philol. XL 1.
J953.12. J953.12. Glowworm thinks he shines like stars. India: Thompson-Balys.
J953.13. J953.13. Fox thinks his elongated shadow at sunrise makes him as large as elephant. India: Thompson-Balys.
J953.14. J953.14. Jackal falls into dye vat, tries to pose as peacock: detected. India: Thompson-Balys.
J953.15. J953.15. Animals each think moon shines for his benefit. India: Thompson-Balys.
J953.16. J953.16. Owl thinks echoes of his hoots are sounds of praise. India: Thompson-Balys.
J953.17. J953.17. Rat imagines himself owner of camel. He is attached to camel by string. India: Thompson-Balys.
J953.18. J953.18. Rag accidentally in king’s wardrobe thinks it is a ribbon. India: Thompson-Balys.
J954. J954. Foolish boast of ancestry by lowly.
J954.1. J954.1. Mule as descendant of king‘s war-horse. Fails to mention his mother. *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 170; *Crane Vitry 147 No. 33; Krappe Bulletin Hispanique XXXIX 30; Spanish Exempla: Keller; India: *Thompson-Balys.
J954.2. J954.2. Fox claims that certain statues are of his ancestors. Ape shows that he is a liar. Wienert FFC LVI *44 (ET 17), 100 (ST 140); Halm Aesop No. 43.
J955. J955. Lowly tries in vain to be greater than he is.
J955.1. J955.1. Frog tries in vain to be as big as ox. Bursts. Jacobs Aesop 205 No. 22; Wienert FFC LVI 58 (ET 192), 93 (ST 61); Halm Aesop No. 84; *Crane Vitry 145 No. 29; India: Thompson-Balys.
J955.1.1. J955.1.1. Fish swells with pride until it bursts. India: Thompson-Balys.
J955.1.2. J955.1.2. Bird tries to puff itself up to look like peacock. Kills itself. India: Thompson-Balys.
J955.1.2.1. J955.1.2.1. Titmouse ruffles feathers to seem big as a bear. Her young ones know her. Type 228; Africa (Hottentot): Bleek 32 No. 16.
J955.2. J955.2. Servant plays at being emperor. Master sees him and says, “Now that you are emperor remember your humble master.” Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J955.2.1. J955.2.1. Page dreams of being king. Master asks: “What would you do for me if you were king?” Answer: “Give you 100 ducats.” Master beats him for insufficient consideration. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J955.3. J955.3. Servant asks master for arms of knighthood. Is given a stalk of garlic. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J955.3.1. J955.3.1. Peasant asks to be knighted. Is told that he can be made rich but not noble. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J955.4. J955.4. Old simpleton resolves to become a senator. He is made to believe that he is wanted as an archer and is so frightened that he dies. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J956. J956. Ambitious branch chosen king of trees. Vine and fig tree have refused. Scala Celi 8b No. 55; Judges 9: 8.
J957. J957. Presumptuous man before the works of Michelangelo says: “I too am a master”. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J958. J958. Mole pretends that he sees, smells, and hears. His mother tells him to claim no more senses than he has. Wienert FFC LVI 63 (ET 260), 101 (ST 146); Halm Aesop No. 71.
J971. J971. Flies try to drink water from elephant‘s ears. He kills them. *Chauvin II 89 n. 1.
J972. J972. One cock takes glory of another’s valor. Victor in cock fight crows over his victory. He is taken off by eagle. A second cock then comes out from hiding and struts about among the hens. Wienert FFC LVI 57 (ET 180), 92 (ST 56); Halm Aesop No. 21.
J973. J973. Ass in the potter‘s shop. (Bull in china shop.) Only breaks the pots *Wienert FFC LVI 40; Halm Aesop No. 190.
J974. J974. Kid perched on house jeers at wolf. (Cf. J978.) Jacobs Aesop 204 No. 16; Wienert FFC LVI 56 (ET 162), 112 (ST 231); Halm Aesop No. 135.
J975. J975. Hare demands equal rights for all animals. Reprimanded for presumption. Wienert FFC LVI 57 (ET 181), 92 (ST 43); Halm Aesop No. 241.
J976. J976. Day after Feast Day disputes importance with Feast Day. Former reprimanded. Wienert FFC LVI 43 (ET 10), 92 (ST 52); Halm Aesop No. 133.
J977. J977. After one day of schooling children are ordered by their father to cease associating with the unlearned. Wesselski Bebel I 170 No. 5.
J978. J978. Boaster of victory over a weaker person reprimanded. Wienert FFC LVI 85 (ET 517), 91 (ST 40).
J981. J981. Presumptuous smith chants the Divine Comedy. Dante throws his tools in the street. Blacksmith: “You ruin my work!” Dante: “You ruin mine!” Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
J981.1. J981.1. Dante beats a mule driver who chants the Divine Comedy. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
J982. J982. Presumptuous officials disregarded by council. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

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