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Prevuius group

Group No. 130


Letter

J. The wise and the foolish

Group No.

J500 – J599

Group name

Prudence and discretion

Description

J510. J510. Prudence in ambition.
 
J511. J511. One should not attempt to change his color.
 
J511.1. J511.1. Negro tries in vain to be washed white. Wienert FFC LVI *46 (ET 48), *87 (ST 5); Halm Aesop No. 13; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J512. J512. Animal should not try to change his nature.
 
J512.1. J512.1. Crab comes ashore: killed by fox. Wienert FFC LVI 50 (ET 91), 90 (ST 28); Halm Aesop No. 186.
 
J512.2. J512.2. Kite tries to neigh like a horse. Loses his voice and gains nothing. Wienert FFC LVI *46 (ET 52), 90 (ST 27); Halm Aesop No. 170.
 
J512.3. J512.3. Camel tries in vain to dance. Wienert FFC LVI 46 (ET 46, 47), *88, 90 (ST 10, 20); Halm Aesop No. 182, 365.
 
J512.4. J512.4. Ass tries in vain to play lyre. *Wienert FFC LVI 45 (ET 26), 130 (ST 373).
 
J512.5. J512.5. Wolf tries in vain to be doctor. Only increases patient’s suffering. Wienert FFC LVI 46 (ET 40), 122 (ST 309).
 
J512.6. J512.6. Crow tries to imitate partridge‘s walk. Only spoils his own. Chauvin II 106 No. 70; Bødker Exempler 303 No. 73; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
J512.7. J512.7. Mouse, bird, and sausage keep house together. When they exchange duties all goes wrong. *Type 85; *BP I 206, III 558; Indonesia: DeVries’s list No. 135.
 
J512.7.1. J512.7.1. Elephant, giraffe, snake, and ant try keeping house together: requirements different. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J512.8. J512.8. Ass tries to get a cricket‘s voice. Asks crickets what they eat to get such a voice. They answer, “dew.” He tries it and starves. Wienert FFC LVI 46 (ET 43), 90 (ST 24); Halm Aesop No. 337.
 
J512.9. J512.9. Lizard tries to make himself as long as snake. Kills himself. Wienert FFC LVI 58 (ET 189), 93 (ST 62); Halm Aesop No. 388.
 
J512.10. J512.10. Fox tries to mask as dove, but loses all thoughts of murder. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J512.11. J512.11. Camel and jackal exchange food: camel is led by his good friend to thorny fruit and thorn sticks in his throat. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J512.12. J512.12. Frog wants to be shod like a horse. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J512.13. J512.13. Jackal accidentally made king but joins other jackals in howling at night. Killed. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J512.14. J512.14. Snake wants to act as pet like parrot: killed. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J512.15. J512.15. Frogs want to collect honey like bees. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J513. J513. One should let well enough alone.
 
J513.1. J513.1. Birds seeking richer lands are nearly all killed. Survivors advise their friends to let well enough alone. *Wesselski Arlotto I 201 No. 31.
 
J513.2. J513.2. Barber tries unsuccessfully to become a trader. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J514. J514. One should not be too greedy. Type 555.
 
J514.1. J514.1. Kite tries to carry off so many partridges that he drops them all. Herbert III 40ff.; Hervieux IV 211 No. 38; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
J514.2. J514.2. Wolf tries to eat bowstring. Finds hunter, gazelle, and wild boar dead. Tries first to eat the bowstring, and is mortally wounded. Chauvin II 95 No. 47; Bødker Exempler 292 No. 51; Spanish Exempla: Keller; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J514.3. J514.3. Greedy man keeps demanding one more thing from complacent man; at last is magically blinded. Campbell-McKay No. 21.
 
J514.4. J514.4. Greedy pig looks up into tree for figs. This causes his death. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
J514.5. J514.5. Greedy man dissatisfied with gold looks for jewels; finds only iron and eventually nothing. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J514.6. J514.6. Fowler wants two rubies as ransom for a caught goose; loses goose and both rubies. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J515. J515. Peacock spends so much time preening for coronation that birds become impatient and make the owl king instead. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J530. J530. Prudence in demands.
 
J531. J531. Good shepherd shears his sheep; does not skin them. Emperor thus replies to suggestion of a new tax to be laid on the people. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 742.
 
J550. J550. Zeal – temperate and intemperate.
 
J551. J551. Intemperate zeal in truth-telling.
 
J551.1. J551.1. Cocks who crow about mistress‘s adultery killed. Discreet cock saves his life. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 9; Oesterley No. 68; Herbert III 206.
 
J551.1.1. J551.1.1. Bird warns mistress against committing adultery: gets neck wrung. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J551.2. J551.2. Fool given the truth on his back. He tells his master what the servants have done during his absence. The servants whip him on his bare back, saying at each blow, “That is the truth.” When the master returns and tells the fool to tell the truth, the latter replies, “There is nothing worse on earth than the truth.” Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 1.
 
J551.3. J551.3. Doctor loses a horse for the sake of the truth. Overlord asks two doctors whether he is entitled to all the possessions of his retainers. One doctor unrighteously answers yes and receives a horse. The other who tells the truth receives nothing. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 123.
 
J551.4. J551.4. Man asked to tell truth says that his host, his hostess, and the cat have but three eyes between them. He is driven off for his truth telling. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 3.
 
J551.5. J551.5. Magpie tells a man that his wife has eaten an eel, which she said was eaten by the otter. The woman plucks his feathers out. When the magpie sees a bald man, she says, “You too must have tattled about the eel.” *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 6.
 
J551.6. J551.6. Only youngest son tells king truth when asked where they got their food: banished. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J551.7. J551.7. Honest servant tells people that shop does not have many customers: dismissed. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J552. J552. Intemperate pugnacity.
 
J552.1. J552.1. Noblemen who quarreled over a device. Wiser of the two shows foolishness of such a fight. *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 168.
 
J552.2. J552.2. Noblemen being ruined by long lawsuit decide wisely to join their families in marriage and save their fortunes. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 402.
 
J552.2.1. J552.2.1. Bishop fond of lawsuits is ordered by king to settle them: bishop pleads for a few to be left so that he will have something to live for. Nouvelles Récréations No. 34.
 
J552.3. J552.3. Serpent (weasel) tries to bite a file. Wienert FFC LVI 75 (ET 401, 402), 98 (ST 119, 120); Halm Aesop Nos. 86, 126; Jacobs Aesop 206 No. 26.
 
J552.4. J552.4. Helmet left for woman to quarrel with. Woman insists upon quarreling with a nobleman. He says, “If you wish to quarrel, I shall leave my helmet here. You can talk to it.” Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 641.
 
J552.5. J552.5. Brothers compose quarrel and save umpire‘s fee. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J552.6. J552.6. Boast at home. In Castile a Spaniard maintains to a Portuguese that the Spanish king is best of all. In Portugal, that the Portuguese king is best. “Each cock crows in his own barnyard.” Spanish: Childers (J500).
 
J553. J553. Intemperance in work.
 
J553.1. J553.1. Aesop with the unbent bow. Upbraided when found playing with children, he unstrings a bow and shows how good relaxation is. Wienert FFC LVI 40; Phaedrus III No. 14; Thiele Hermes XLI 585; Alphabet Nos. 6, 671.
 
J553.2. J553.2. Ruler interrupts meeting of Senate to amuse his small son. When rebuked for making him a whistle he says: “I would have blown it for him had he asked me to do so.” Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
J554. J554. Intemperance in service. Emperor rebukes overzealous servant as being a nuisance. Wienert FFC LVI 85 (ET 523), 143 (ST 491).
 
J555. J555. Intemperance in obedience.
 
J555.1. J555.1. Cum grano salis. Instructions of mother followed literally by one daughter when she marries. All goes wrong. Second daughter follows them in conformity with her father’s explanations and all is well. *Type 915.
 
J556. J556. Intemperance in honesty. Irish: Beal XXI 335, O‘Suilleabhain 118.
 
J556.1. J556.1. St. George teaches the poor man, “Who steals somewhat and lies somewhat will be rich.” Type 790*.
 
J556.2. J556.2. Forget God for five years and you will become wealthy. Nouvelles Récréations No. 53.
 
J557. J557. Intemperance in undertaking labor.
 
J557.1. J557.1. Monk discouraged by large amount of work to be done persuaded to undertake but a small amount each day. The small task will be done; the large one will merely discourage. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 262; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
J557.1.1. J557.1.1. True penance for even a day is effective. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
J558. J558. Intemperance in sacrificing. Wienert FFC LVI 80 (ET 462), 138 (ST 431); Halm Aesop No. 161; Jewish: Neuman.
 
J561. J561. Intemperance in pursuit.
 
J561.1. J561.1. Man tracking gorilla sees animal’s strength. Wisely refrains. Africa (Fjort): Dennett 69 No. 14.
 
J561.2. J561.2. Cow-herd looking for cattle thief recognizes him in the lion. Desists. Wienert FFC LVI 67 (ET 318), 109 (ST 213); Halm Aesop No. 83.
 
J562. J562. Intemperance in charity. A waste of time to make a bed for a dog who lies down wherever he happens to be tired. Likewise a waste of time to help unappreciative people. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 429.
 
J563. J563. Man resuscitates a lion which devours him. *Krappe Papers and Trans. of Jubilee Congress of Folk Lore Society (London, 1930) 277ff.; Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas II 270, *357, *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J564. J564. Intemperance in worship. Irish myth: Cross.
 
J565. J565. Intemperance in fasting.
 
J565.1. J565.1. Fool fasts on roof till he becomes so weak he falls off. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J570. J570. Wisdom of deliberation.
 
J571. J571. Avoid hasty judgment. Jewish: Neuman.
 
J571.1. J571.1. When in anger say the alphabet. Man thus restrained from hasty judgment. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 257.
 
J571.2. J571.2. King given three wheels to control his anger. *Chauvin II 127 No. 130.
 
J571.3. J571.3. King in anger punishes misdeed on Easter day. Is almost killed himself in retaliation. He submits and says that he deserves this punishment for hasty action. *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 256.
 
J571.4. J571.4. Avoid hasty punishment.
 
J571.4.1. J571.4.1. Man has disinterested party punish servant for him lest he himself be unfair in his anger. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
J571.4.2. J571.4.2. Master when angry will not punish servant who has ruined him. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
J571.5. J571.5. King restrained from hasty judgment by being told story. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J571.6. J571.6. Judge not that you be not judged: thus judge upbraided when he is later accused in court and claims mercy. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J571.7. J571.7. Answer questions of a fool the next day. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J571.8. J571.8. Unpaid servant refuses to blame master: later rewarded. Jewish: Neuman.
 
J572. J572. Wisdom of deliberation in fight. West Indies: Flowers 476.
 
J572.1. J572.1. Bravest know how to wait. Three men are pursued in battle. First throws himself on enemies; second waits a little; third does not fight until the enemy begins. Latter is bravest. *Chauvin II 152 No. 15; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
J580. J580. Wisdom of caution.
 
J581. J581. Foolishness of noise-making when enemies overhear.
 
J581.1. J581.1. Wolf as dog‘s guest sings. He has drunk too much and sings in spite of the dog’s warning. He is killed. *Type 100; *BP II 111.
 
J581.2. J581.2. Paramour who insists on quarreling with mistress about escape caught by her husband. He finds the escape different from that which had been described to him. Chauvin II 84 No. 12; Bødker Exempler 275 No. 11; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
J581.3. J581.3. Monk’s enemies quarrel and thus save him. Robber who wants to steal monk‘s cow and devil who wants to steal his soul quarrel as to which shall begin first; they thus awaken him and the neighbors. Chauvin II 97 No. 53; Bødker Exempler 296 No. 58; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
J581.4. J581.4. Drones dispute possession of honey. Ordered to make honey. Dispossessed. Wienert FFC LVI 54 (ET 140), 100 (ST 138).
 
J581.5. J581.5. Kites and crows quarrel over division of wounded fox. Meantime fox escapes. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
J582. J582. Foolishness of premature coming out of hiding.
 
J582.1. J582.1. Hidden goat discovered by his horn protruding above ground. Phaedrus II No. 8; West Indies: Flowers 476.
 
J582.2. J582.2. Hidden stag discovered when he begins to eat grapevine too soon after hunters have passed. Wienert FFC LVI 65 (ET 286), *109 (ST 209, 521); Halm Aesop No. 127.
 
J585. J585. Caution in eating.
 
J585.1. J585.1. Clever girl refrains from eating figs which would bring on magic sleep. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 116 No. 970.

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