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Prevuius group

Group No. 13


A. Mythological Motifs

Group No.

A760 – A799

Group name

The stars and the heavenly lights


Note: the question of implicit meanings assumed by the proponents of astralmythology is not discussed here; only explicit statements in original sources are considered.
A760. Creation and condition of the stars. *Normann Mythen der Sterne (Gotha 1925) 75ff. – Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 325 – 26; Irish myth: Cross; Babylonian: Spence 79; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham. – Tahltan: Teit JAFL XXXII 205; Eskimo (Ungava): Turner RBAE XI 266; Maori: Clark 16; S. Am. Indian (Jivaro): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 148.
A760.1. Stars created by creator. Jewish: Neuman.
A760.2. Star from union of girl with peacock. India: Thompson-Balys.
A761. Ascent to stars. People or animals ascend to the sky and become stars. – *Dh I 289. – Estonian: Loorits Grundzüge I 534f.; India: *Thompson-Balys; Korean: Zong in-Sob 14 No. 6; Japanese: Ikeda. – Hawaii: Henry 345; Tonga: Gifford 20; Maori: Clark 50; Australian: Dixon 299; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 174; S. Am. Indian (Jivaro): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 129, 140f., Steward-Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 627, (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 34, (Yuracari): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 144, (Eastern Brazil): Lowie BBAE CXLIII (1) 434, (Tapirape): Wagley-Galvao BBAE CXLIII (3) 178, (Amyara): Tschopik BBAE CXLIII (2) 571; Ekoi: Talbot 355.
A761.1. River taken to sky becomes star. Eridanos. – Fox 244.
A761.2. Chariot from heaven takes couple to live with sages in the Great Bear. India: Thompson-Balys.
A761.3. Stars as transformed lovers. India: Thompson-Balys.
A761.4. Stars as fires in the hearths of ghosts. India: Thompson-Balys.
A761.5. Stars are men peering through holes in sky. Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 30.
A761.6. Stars thought of as living beings. S. Am. Indian (Warrau): Kirchoff BBAE CXLIII (3) 879.
A762. Star descends as human being. Persian: Carnoy 269; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 56.
A762.1. Star-husband. Star takes mortal maiden as wife. – **Thompson (The Star-husband Tale,в) Studia Septentrionalia IV (Oslo 1953) 93 – 163; N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 330 n. 193, Alexander N. Am. 94, Hatt Asiatic Influences. Cf. Estonian: Loorits Grundzüge I 538f.
A762.2. Mortal marries star-girl. Chinese: Graham; African (Lamba): Doke Lamba Folk-Lore 14 No. 11; S. Am. Indian (Camacan): Métraux-NimuendajСЉ BBAE CXLIII (1) 552, (Chaco): Métraux ibid. 369, (Sherente): Louis ibid. 516, (Mataco): Métraux MAFLS XL 48, (CarajР±): Métraux ibid. 49, (Chamacoco): ibid. 48, (Apinaye, Canella): ibid. 48.
A763. Stars from objects thrown into sky. Germanic: Herrmann Nordische Mythologie 365, 440; Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 328; India: Thompson-Balys; Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 431. – African: Frobenius Atlantis I 85. – Fox: Jones PAES I 73.
A763.1. Stars from arrows shot at sky. India: Thompson-Balys.
A763.2. Stars hung by god in heavens to decorate it. India: Thompson-Balys.
A764. Stars as pieces of the moon. *BP I 232; Köhler-Bolte I 484, 505; Jewish: Neuman.
A764.1. Stars as children of the moon. Cook Zeus I 523 n. 6. – Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Indonesian: Kruyt Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land-, en Volkenkunde van Nederlandsch-Indië» LXXIX 470; Philippines: Beckwith Myth 537; S. Am. Indian (Amyara): Tschopik BBAE CXLIII (2) 571.
A764.1.1. Stars as children of sun eaten by their father. Hence no stars in the day. – Frazer Ovid III 205; Hatt Asiatic Influences 74f. – India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Fang): Trilles 172.
A764.1.2. Sun eats all his own children except morning star, while moon keeps all her children in hiding. India: Thompson-Balys.
A764.1.3. Stars as children of sun and moon. Africa (Fang): Trilles 171, 174.
A764.2. Stars as drops of the moon's blood. India: Thompson-Balys.
A764.3. Most brilliant stars children of the sun; others are children of the moon. India: Thompson-Balys.
A764.4. Stars are transformed spittle of the moon. India: Thompson-Balys.
A765. Naming the stars. The (Great Starв) names the stars. – Bushman: Bleek and Lloyd 79.
A766. Origin of constellations. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 176. – Quileute: Farrand JAFL XXXII 266; Ojibwa: Carson JAFL XXX 493; S. Am. Indian (Amazon): Alexander Lat. Am. 288, (Mojo): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 424, (Bacairi): Lévi-Strauss ibid. 348. – African: Werner African 229. – For the origin of particular constellations see A770 – A779.
A767. Stars sing together. Hebrew: Job 38:7; Jewish: Neuman; Pawnee: Alexander N. Am. 110.
A769. Creation of the stars – miscellaneous.
A769.1. Stars are trees growing on the clouds. India: Thompson-Balys.
A769.2. Stars rebel against God. Jewish: Neuman.
A769.3. Stars supervised by angels. Jewish: Neuman.
A769.4. A769.4. Speaking stars. Jewish: Neuman.
A769.5. Sun gives light to stars. S. Am. Indian (Viracocha): Steward-Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 550.
A770. Origin of particular stars. **Normann Mythen der Sterne (Gotha 1925); *Frazer Ovid V 7 s.v. (constellationsв). – Chinese: Werner 189.
A771. Origin of the Great Bear (Ursa Major). *Andree Ethnographische Parallelen (1878) 104; *Handwb. d. Aberglaubens IX Nachträge 681f.; *Basset RTP XXVIII 112 with references to earlier volumes. – Danish: Kristensen Danske Sagn II (1893) 276; Greek: Fox 21 (Kallisto), 251; Jewish: Neuman; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 34 No. 5; Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 81 Nos. 10, 11; Egyptian: Müller 59; Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 426; Hindu: Keith 102; Chinese: Graham; Korean: Zong in-Sob 12 No. 5. – N. A. Indian (Eskimo, Iroquois, Assiniboine, Blackfoot, Mandan, Sioux): Alexander N. Am. 9, 26, 96, *278 n. 14; Aztec: Alexander Lat. Am. 93.
A771.1. Origin of the Southern Cross. Analogous legends in the southern hemisphere with those of Ursa Major in the northern. – Andree Ethnographische Parallelen (1878) 113. – Macobi (Pampean): Alexander Lat. Am. 319.
A772. Origin of Orion. Andree Ethnographische Parallelen (1878) 108; *RTP XXI 102 and references to earlier volumes; *Handwb. d. Abergl. IX Nachträge 684f. – Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 177; Greek: Fox 249f.; Egyptian: Müller 57; India: *Thompson-Balys. – Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 429; Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 81 No. 12. – S. A. Indian (Tarahumare and Tepehuane): Alexander N. Am. 176; (Amazon) Alexander Lat. Am. 307; N. American Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 67; Africa (Tonga): Gifford 100.
A773. Origin of the Pleiades. *Andree Ethnographische Parallelen (1878) 106; Frazer Ovid III 197 n. 4; *Basset RTP XXIII 396 and references to earlier volumes; *Dh II 83; Frazer Golden Bough VII 307ff.; *Fb (syvstjР¶rneв); *Handwb. d. Abergl. IX N. 687f. – Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 29; Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 336, 417, 427, 430. – India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 56. – N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 291 n. 71; (Blackfoot) Alexander N. Am. 96; (California) Gayton and Newman 65; – S. A. Indian (Tarahumare and Tepehuane): Alexander N. Am. 176; (Chaco, Pampean): Alexander Lat. Am. 323; (Amazon) ibid. 306. – Maori: Clark 106, 178. – Eskimo (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 173. – Africa: Werner African 229.
A773.1. Pleiades a princess and six suitors among whom she could not choose. *Köhler-Bolte I 439f.
A773.2. Pleiades six repudiated wives. They have been cast out for apparent infidelity. – Hindu: Keith 140.
A773.3. Pleiades girls who died of grief. Greek: Fox 248.
A773.4. Pleiades seven illegitimate children. *Fb (pigeв) II 816b.
A773.5. Pleiades from hunters marooned in sky after felling world-tree. S. Am. Indian (Mataco): Métraux MAFLS XL 25, BBAE CXLIII (1) 366.
A773.6. Pleiades as swarm of bees. S. Am. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 483.
A773.7. Two stars from Great Bear constellation transferred to Pleiades. Jewish: Neuman.
A774. Origin of the North Star. (Cf. A702.3.) – *Basset RTP XXII 355 and references to earlier volumes. – Hindu: Keith 165.
A775. Origin of Hyades. Greek: Fox 46, 248ff., Frazer Apollodorus I 321 n. 5; African: Werner African 229; S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (1) 365, MAFLS XL 21.
A776. Origin of constellation Lyra. Greek (Orpheus's lyre).
A776.1. Origin of Vega (Alpha Lyrae). Maori: Beckwith Myth 101; Korean: Zong in-Sob No. 6.
A777. Origin of constellation Scorpio. Maori: Clark 56; Cook Is.: Clark 81, 83; S. Am. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 483, (Toba, Vilela): Métraux MAFLS XL 21f.
A778. Origin of the Milky Way. *Andree Ethnographische Parallelen (1878) 109; *Basset RTP XXII 167 and references to earlier volumes; *Fb (mР¶lkevejв) II 642. – Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 100; Armenian: Ananikian 37; Bulgarian: ibid. 49. – Ekoi: Talbot 366; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 74; S. Am. Indian (Yuracari): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 503f.
A778.0.1. Origin of Magellanic Clouds. Tonga: Gifford 105, 109; S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 21f., 47, (Chiriguano): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 483.
A778.1. Milky Way a hunting party. Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 436. – Tehuelche (Pategonia): Alexander Lat. Am. 336.
A778.1.1. Milky Way is the Wild Hunt. German: Brunk Zs. f. Vksk. XIII 184; Russian: Ralston Songs of the Russian People 109; Hungarian: Spolyi Zs. f. deutsche Myth. II 161; Finno-Ugric: Holmberg Finno-Ugric 82; Greek-Latin: Cook Zeus II 37.
A778.2. Milky Way as a road. S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 20, Métraux BBAE CXLIII (1) 365.
A778.2.1. Milky Way as path of souls (demons). Finno-Ugric: Holmberg Finno-Ugric 82. – Mandan, Pawnee: Alexander N. Am. 96, 117; S. Am. Indian (Amazon): Alexander Lat. Am. 307, (Chaco, Pampean): ibid. 323.
A778.3. Milky Way as a river. Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 435; Japanese: Ikeda. – Blackfoot: De Josselyn de Jong Blackfoot Texts 29ff.
A778.4. Milky Way as a stitched seam in the sky. Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 336, 434.
A778.5. Milky Way as milk from breast of a woman. Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 414.
A778.6. Milky Way as the sperma of the gods. Eisler Weltenmantel und Himmelszelt 482.
A778.7. Milky Way as path of a bird of passage. Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 434; S. Am. Indian (Paressi): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 93, (Chiriguano): Métraux ibid. 483.
A778.8. Milky Way is smoke (ashes). African: Werner African 231; S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 21, (Mocovi): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (1) 365.
A778.9. Milky Way as race track. Calif. Indian: Gayton and Newman 66.
A778.10. Abyss at end of Milky Way. S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 20f.
A779. Origin of stars – miscellaneous. Jewish: Neuman; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 22; S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 21f.
A779.1. Origin of Coal Sack. S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 22, 47.
A779.2. Origin of constellation Aquila. Gaster Thespis 293.
A779.3. Origin of constellation Argo. Greek: Grote I 221.
A780. The planets (comets, etc.). – *Normann Mythen der Sterne (Gotha 1925). – Chinese: Graham.
A780.1. Planets supervised by angels. Jewish: Neuman.
A781. Origin of Venus (planet). *RTP XVII 227 and references to earlier volumes. – Estonian: Loorits Grundzüge I 434f., 535 – 540; India: Thompson-Balys; Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 432. – Eskimo: Alexander N. Am. 9; S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (1) 365, (Viracocha): Steward-Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 550; Africa (Fang): Trilles 136.
A781.1. Origin of Morning Star. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 466; Chinese: Graham. – Maori: Clark 50; S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 23, (Warrau): Kirchoff BBAE CXLIII (3) 880.
A781.2. Origin of Evening Star. Greek: Fox 247; Maori: Clark 50; Tonga: Gifford 110.
A782. Métraux MAFLS XL 19.
A786. Origin of comets. Frazer Ovid III 198 n. 4. – Tahiti: Henry 227; S. Am. Indian (Viracocha): Steward-Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 551.
A787. Relation of the planets to human life. Irish myth: Cross.
A788. Origin of meteors. S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 24, (Viracocha): Steward-Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 551.
A788.1. Falling stars as pieces of the moon. S. Am. Indian (Guayaki): Métraux-Baldus BBAE CXLIII (1) 444.
A788.2. Shooting star one that has come down to graze. India: Thompson-Balys.
A762. Star descends as human being.
A788.3. Shooting stars spirits corning down to earth to make woman pregnant. India: Thompson-Balys.
A788.4. Shooting stars are star-dung. India: Thompson-Balys; S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 624.
A788.5. Shooting stars are unfaithful wives. Africa (Fang): Trilles 174.
A790. The heavenly lights.
A790.1. Heavenly lights originate from firmament. Jewish: Neuman.
A791. Origin of the Rainbow. *Wünsche "Der Regenbogen in den Mythen und Sagen der Volker" Nord und Süd LXXXII (1898) 70 – 82; *RTP XXIII 221 and references to earlier volumes. – Irish myth: Cross; Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 30; India: Thompson-Balys. – Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 234; S. Am. Indian (Amuesha): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 149, (Botocudo): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (1) 540, (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 38; Zulu: Callaway 293, 295.
N516. Treasure at end of rainbow.
A791.1. Rainbow as bow of deity. Gaster Thespis 261 n. 21; Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 443f.
A791.2. Rainbow as snake. African: Werner African 234; S. Am. Indian (Moré): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 406, (Ashluslay): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (1) 366, (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 38, (Vilela): ibid. 40.
A791.3. Rainbow made as bridge by the gods. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 329.
F152.1.1. Rainbow bridge to otherworld.
A791.4. Rainbow has three colors. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 329.
A791.5. Rainbow is a transformed king; the lesser rainbow is the king's wife. India: Thompson-Balys.
A791.6. Rainbow from gods' emptying their drinking cups. India: Thompson-Balys.
A791.7. Rainbow is horse of rain-god. India: Thompson-Balys.
A791.8. Rainbow comes out of an anthill. India: Thompson-Balys.
A791.8.1. Rainbow lives in a hole. S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 38.
A791.9. Origin of rainbow: transformed butterflies (souls of lovers). Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 266.
A791.10. Rainbow as covenant between creator and men. Jewish: Neuman.
A795. Origin of the Northern Lights (Aurora Borealis). Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 140 No. 8; Finnish: Aarne VIII 4 No. 9; Finno-Ugric: Holmberg Finno-Ugric 81, 287. – Eskimo (Labrador): Hawkes GSCan XIV 153, (Ungava): Turner RBAE XI 266.
A796. Origin of the signs of the zodiac. Jewish: Neuman.
A797. Origin of colors at sunrise and sunset. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G. 3/191).

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