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Prevuius group

Group No. 121


Letter

H. Tests

Group No.

H300 – H499

Group name

Marriage tests

Description

H300. H300. Tests connected with marriage.
 
H301. H301. Excessive demands to prevent marriage. *Chauvin V 63 No. 19 n. 1; Irish myth: Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
H305. H305. Task: to win ogress‘ daughter for a bride. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H310 – H359.
 
H310 – H359. SUITOR TESTS
 
H310. H310. Suitor tests. A suitor is put to severe tests by his prospective bride or father-in-law. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Wells 16 (Guy of Warwick); Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 187; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: *Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 324 n. 170, 328 n. 186; S. A. Indian (Tropical Forests): Lowie BBAE CXLIII (3) 55, (Carib): Alexander Lat. Am. 264; Africa: Werner African 153f., (Benga): Nassau 227 No. 34.
 
H310.1. H310.1. Tests for hero, husband of supernatural (divine) wife. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H310.2. H310.2. Brother unwittingly qualifies as bridegroom of sister in test. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H311. H311. Inspection test for suitors. Suitors for princess’s hand must present themselves for public inspection. (Cf. H362, T55.7.) Types 314, 502; BP III 111; Krappe Revue Hispanique LXXXI 5ff.; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 104, *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H312. H312. Physical and mental requirements for suitors. Penzer III 66; Irish myth: *Cross; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 106 n. 1.
 
H312.1. H312.1. Successful suitor to be without blotches. Africa (Mpongwe): Nassau 69 No. 15; Jamaica: *Beckwith MAFLS XVII 272 No. 85.
 
H312.2. H312.2. Successful suitor must have gold teeth. *Fb “tand” III 771a; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. No. 93; Italian: Basile Pentamerone III No. 1.
 
H312.3. H312.3. Suitors chosen with feet as only part seen. Icelandic: Boberg.
 
H312.4. H312.4. Successful suitor must have whitest hands. Blacksmith qualifies because of frequent washing of hands. Herbert III 86.
 
H312.4.1. H312.4.1. Successful suitor must have the prettiest hands; not whitest, but dark with scars and gold rings. Köhler-Bolte I 90; Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
H312.5. H312.5. Successful suitor must have cheeks like blood, skin like snow and hair like a raven. (Cf. Z65.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.
 
H312.6. H312.6. Suitor test: correct wearing of clothes. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
H312.7. H312.7. Suitor test: to be able to go through a wall. Chinese: Graham.
 
H312.8. H312.8. Bridegroom-to-be has to have three pecks, three quarts of gold and an animal with a horn on his head pointing to the sky, and a large red hair. Chinese: Graham.
 
H313. H313. Suitor test: obedience and humility before bride. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
H313.1. H313.1. Princess will marry whoever will give her anything she wishes for a month. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H313.2. H313.2. Fairy will marry king only if he will either cut off son‘s head or give up fasting on eleventh day. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H314. H314. Suitor’s sincerity tested. Chinese: Werner 272.
 
H314.1. H314.1. Suitor‘s sincerity tested by reporting girl’s death. All but one make excuses for not helping with funeral. Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 85 No. 14.
 
H314.2. H314.2. Suitor‘s sincerity tested by seven years’ banishment. Heptameron No. 24.
 
H315. H315. Suitor test: to whom the princess turns. Rival suitors sleep with princess. The one she turns to is to have her. They vie in enticements. *Type 621, 850; Köhler-Bolte I 428f.
 
H315.1. H315.1. Suitor test: to make the princess fall in love with him. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H315.2. H315.2. Suitor contest: bride offered to suitor giving the token of the greater love. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
H316. H316. Suitor test: apple thrown indicates princess‘s choice. (Often golden apple.) *Type 502; *BP III 111; Cosquin Contes Indiens 317ff.; Chauvin VI 3, *201, VIII 151, *Galtier RTP XIV 65; Fb “guldæble” I 516a; Hdwb. d. Märchens I 93a.
 
H316.1. H316.1. Orange (lemon) thrown to indicate princess’s choice. Cosquin Contes Indiens 317ff.
 
H316.2. H316.2. Flowers thrown to indicate princess‘s choice. Cosquin Contes Indiens 317ff.; Missouri French: Carrière; India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
H316.3. H316.3. Ball (goblet) thrown indicates princess’s choice. Indonesian: De Vries‘s list No. 216; Persian: Carnoy 341.
 
H316.4. H316.4. Suitor test: garland thrown indicates girl’s choice. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
H316.5. H316.5. Expressing love by throwing little stones. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H317. H317. Long term of service imposed on suitor. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
H317.1. H317.1. Seven years of service imposed on suitor. Frazer Old Testament II 342 – 368; English: Wells 149 (The Squyr of Low Degre), Child I 204 – 6, 255, V 212b; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Cowell Jataka VI 164.
 
H317.2. H317.2. Two years of silence imposed on suitor. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
 
H317.3. H317.3. Gardener‘s son to marry princess if he remains in prison twelve years. India: Thompson-Balys
 
H317.4. H317.4. Test of suitor’s love and endurance by constant postponing. Icelandic: Ragnars saga Loðbr. 127 – 29, Boberg.
 
H318. H318. Suitor preferred who will pay enormous sum for bride. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H321. H321. Suitor test: hiding from princess. She has magic sight. *Types 329, 554; *BP II 365; Köhler-Bolte I 408.
 
H322. H322. Suitor test: finding princess. Type 590; Fb “skjule”; cf. Thompson CColl II 393; Filipino: Fansler MAFLS XII 183; Tuamotu: Stimson (z-G. 13/1241); West Indies: Flowers 457.
 
H322.1. H322.1. Suitor test: finding object hidden by princess. *Type 507A; Irish myth: Cross.
 
H322.2. H322.2. Suitor test: to get to imprisoned princess in a year‘s time. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
H322.3. H322.3. Suitor test: bringing leg that fits into dragon claw left by the beloved of the princess. Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
H322.4. H322.4. Suitor test: bringing maiden’s lost shoe. Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
H323. H323. Suitor test: learning girl‘s name. Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 45 No. 5.
 
H324. H324. Suitor test: choosing princess from others identically clad. *Type 554; BP II 28; Irish myth: Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys; Indonesia: Dixon 217; Chinese: Graham; Japanese: Ikeda.
 
H324.1. H324.1. Suitor test: choosing sweetheart’s sedan chair from thirty others like it. Chinese: Graham.
 
H326. H326. Suitor test: skill.
 
H326.1. H326.1. Suitor test: aptness in handicrafts.
 
H326.1.1. H326.1.1. Suitor test: constructing automatic peacock. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H326.1.2. H326.1.2. Suitor test: skill in archery. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
H326.2. H326.2. Suitor test: eating a pomegranate without letting a single seed fall. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H326.3. H326.3. Suitor test: skill in hunt. Eskimo (Aleut): Golder JAFL XXII 17.
 
H326.4. H326.4. Suitor test: skill in fishing. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H327. H327. Suitor test: cleverness and learning. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
H328. H328. Suitor test: power of endurance.
 
H328.1. H328.1. Suitor test: resisting intoxication after much drinking. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H328.2. H328.2. Suitor test: being swung by mustache without shedding tears. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H328.3. H328.3. Suitor test: enduring blow from spear. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H328.4. H328.4. Suitor test: standing naked in river through a winter night. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H328.5. H328.5. Suitor test: bathing in boiling water. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H328.6. H328.6. Princess to be married to man who withstands twelve years‘ fight. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H331. H331. Suitor contests: bride offered as prize. *Types 513, 514, 900; Philippson FFC L 12f. – Icelandic: Egils saga einhendsa ok Ásmundar Berserkjabana (FAS III) 366; Finnish: Kalevala rune 3; Italian: Basile Pentamerone I No. 9, *Rotunda; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 18f.; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 420; Japanese: Ikeda; Oceanic (New Zealand, Tahiti, Cook Group, Society Group): Dixon 61, 64; Eskimo (Aleut): Golder JAFL XXII 17; N. A. Indian: *Thompson-Tales 328n. 186; West Indies: Flowers 457.
 
H331.1. H331.1. Suitor contest: difficult riding.
 
H331.1.1. H331.1.1. Suitor contest: riding up glass mountain. *Type 530; *BP III 111 n. 3; Köhler-Bolte I 67; Hdwb. d. Märchens II 627ff.; **Boberg Prinsessen på Glasbjærget (Danske Studier [1928] 16ff.); *Fb “glarbjærg” I 459; Krappe The Glass Mountain (Modern Language Quarterly VIII 139 – 145); India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H331.1.2. H331.1.2. Suitor contest: riding to fourth story of tower. *Type 530; *BP III 112 n. 1.
 
H331.1.2.1. H331.1.2.1. Suitor contest: jumping horse over palace. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H331.1.3. H331.1.3. Suitor contest: riding up mast (spear). *BP III 113 n. 3; N. A. Indian (Chilcotin): Farrand JE II 43.
 
H331.1.3.1. H331.1.3.1. Suitor test: jumping over high hedge. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H331.1.4. H331.1.4. Suitor contest: riding across pit. *BP III 113 n. 2.
 
H331.1.5. H331.1.5. Suitor contest: riding through fire. *Panzer Sigfrid 110; Krappe Waberlohe (Archiv fur das Studium der neueren Sprachen CLXXII 10ff.); Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
H331.1.6. H331.1.6. Suitor contest: jumping river on horseback. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
H331.1.6.1. H331.1.6.1. Suitor contest: jumping ditches and hedges of spears. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H331.1.7. H331.1.7. Contest in reaping: best reaper to get beautiful girl as wife. Irish myth: Cross.
 
H331.2. H331.2. Suitor contest: tournament. *Type 508; Cosquin Contes Indiens 329ff.; *Liljeblad 39ff.; Dickson 181; English: Wells 147 (Ipomedon); Icelandic: Boberg; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; Jewish: Neuman.
 
H331.2.1. H331.2.1. Suitor contest: success in battle. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
H331.2.1.1. H331.2.1.1. Suitor contest: bride offered to the one distinguishing himself most in battle. Girl loves both suitors equally. Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H331.3. H331.3. Suitor contest: prize to one whose staff blooms. Told of Joseph in contest for Virgin Mary. *Dh II 265; Jewish: *Neuman.
 
H331.4. H331.4. Suitor contest: shooting. Icelandic: Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Anesaki 295, Ikeda; N. A. Indian (Kutenai): Boas BBAE LIX 199 No. 64, (Sahaptin): Farrand MAFLS XI 157 No. 9, (Tsimshian): Boas BBAE XXVII 137, (Wichita): Dorsey CI XXI 130 No. 19, Dorsey Contributions to N. A. Ethnology VI 604, (Pawnee): Grinnell 87 No. 1, Dorsey MAFLS VIII 113 No. 31, 239 No. 60, (Crow): Simms FM II 292 No. 13, (Dakota): Zitkala-Sa Old Indian Legends 77; (Menomini): Skinner and Satterlee PaAM XIII 396 No. 25, (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 139, 318, 513, 567, (Wyandot): Barbeau GSCan XI 212, (Zuñi): Cushing 215; Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 126.
 
H331.4.1. H331.4.1. Suitors contest with bride‘s father in shooting. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 238 n. 1.
 
H331.4.2. H331.4.2. Suitor contest: bending bow of woman’s absent husband. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 300 n. 3; Japanese: Ikeda.
 
H331.5. H331.5. Suitor contest: race. Dh III 145; Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 23 n. 5, 160 n. 2; India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian (Salishan): Hill-Tout British North America 229, (Shuswap): Teit JE II 684 No. 22, (Thompson River): Teit MAFLS VI 36 No. 7, (Skykomish): Haeberlin JAFL XXXVII 383 No. 9, (Achomawi): Curtin JAFL XXII 284 No. 2, (Arapaho): Dorsey and Kroeber FM V 105, (Ponca): Dorsey CNAE VI 333, (Menomini): Skinner and Satterlee PaAm XIII 396 No. 25, (California): Gayton and Newman 92; Africa (Vai): Ellis 189 No. 5; West Indies: Flowers 458.
 
H331.5.0.1. H331.5.0.1. Loser in bride-race must die. Italian Novella: Rotunda; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 160 n. 2.
 
H331.5.1. H331.5.1. Race with princess for her hand. *Types 513, 514; Missouri French: Carrière; Italian: Basile Pentamerone III No. 8; Greek: Fox 59.
 
H331.5.1.1. H331.5.1.1. Apple thrown in race with bride. Distracts girl‘s attention and as she stops to pick it up, suitor passes her. (Atalanta.) Oesterley Gesta Romanorum No. 60; *BP IV 138; Herbert III 193; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; Greek: Fox 59, *Grote I 138.
 
H331.5.1.1.1. H331.5.1.1.1. Hero’s confederate slows down princess with his breath. Extraordinary blower blows against her so that she is retarded and loses race. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
H331.5.2. H331.5.2. Suitor contest: race with bride‘s father. Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 181; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 157 n. 4.
 
H331.5.3. H331.5.3. Suitor test: winning horse-race three times. Hdwb. d. Märchens I 229a n. 3.
 
H331.5.4. H331.5.4. Suitor test: boat race. Eskimo (Aleut): Golder JAFL XXII 17.
 
H331.6. H331.6. Suitor contest: wrestling. (Cf. H1562.9.) India: Thompson-Balys Eskimo (Aleut): Golder JAFL XXII 17.
 
H331.6.1. H331.6.1. Suitor contest: wrestling with bride. N. A. Indian (Wasco): Curtin PAES II 290 No. 2.
 
H331.6.1.1. H331.6.1.1. Princess wins wrestling match with suitor by revealing her breast. He looks and is beaten. Köhler-Bolte I 561.
 
H331.7. H331.7. Suitor contest: aiming with missile. Jamaica: Beckwith: MAFLS XVII 269 No. 82.
 
H331.8. H331.8. Suitor contest: splitting antlers. N. A. Indian (Snohomish): Hill-Tout British Assn. Adv. Science (70th meeting) 525.
 
H331.9. H331.9. Suitor contest: trapping. N. A. Indian (Shoshoni): Lowie JAFL XXXVII 237 No. 18, (Pawnee): Dorsey MAFLS VIII 178 No. 45, (Gros Ventre): Kroeber PaAM I 80 No. 19.
 
H331.10. H331.10. Suitor contest: carrying one hundred jugs of water from sea to castle in one day. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H331.11. H331.11. Princess given to the one confessing all his treachery. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
H331.12. H331.12. Suitor contest: splitting block of wood. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
 
H331.13. H331.13. Suitor contest: cheating. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
H331.14. H331.14. Suitor contest: trial of strength. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H331.15. H331.15. Suitor contest: animal fight.
 
H331.15.1. H331.15.1. Suitor contest: cockfight. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H331.15.2. H331.15.2. Suitor contest: bullfight. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H331.16. H331.16. Suitor contest: throwing ball up to princess. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H331.16.1. H331.16.1. Suitor contest: throwing iron ball. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H331.17. H331.17. Suitor contest: eating one hundred carcasses at a sitting. (Cf. H1141.) India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H332. H332. Suitor in contest with bride or member of her family. See H331.4.1, H331.5.1, H331.5.2, H331.6.1.
 
H332.1. H332.1. Suitor in contest with bride.
 
H332.1.1. H332.1.1. Suitor test: duel with bride. Wesselski Archiv Orientální II 430.
 
H332.1.2. H332.1.2. Suitor test: to defeat bride in game. Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
H332.1.2.1. H332.1.2.1. Suitor test: to defeat bride at dice. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H332.1.3. H332.1.3. Suitor test: to defeat bride in harping. Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
H332.1.4. H332.1.4. Suitor test: tournament with bride. Icelandic: Boberg.
 
H332.1.5. H332.1.5. Shooting contest with bride-to-be. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
H332.2. H332.2. Suitor contest with brother-in-law. Icelandic: *Boberg; S. A. Indian (Chincha): Alexander Lat. Am. 231.
 
H332.3. H332.3. Suitor test: duel with father-in-law. Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
H332.4. H332.4. Groom and his army have to fight bride’s army. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H333. H333. Girl demands suitor‘s life (or mutilation).
 
H333.1. H333.1. Lover has head cut off at girl’s desire. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H333.2. H333.2. Suitor test: tribute of his severed hands. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H335. H335. Tasks assigned suitors. Bride as prize for accomplishment. (For nature of tasks see H1000ff.) *Types 313, 502, 513, 514, 518, 570, 577; BP II 87ff., III 267ff., 424ff.; Hibbard 275ff. (Sir Eglamour). – Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Finnish: Kalevala runes 7, 8, 13, 14, 19; Italian Novella: *Rotunda, Basile Pentamerone II Nos. 5, 7; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 87 n. 3, II 61 n. 3, Fox 107; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Indonesian: De Vries‘s list No. 168; Indo-Chinese: Scott Indo-Chinese 290; Chinese: Graham; Japanese: Anesaki 262; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/174, 13/203, 13/276, 13/317, 13/441, 13/499, 13/730, 13/243, 13/1241); Easter Island: Métraux Ethnology 57; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 324 n. 170; Africa (Mpongwe): Nassau 31 No. 4, (Benga): Nassau 134 No. 15; West Indies: Flowers 458. Cf. Wünsche Teufel 33 (devil).
 
H335.0.1. H335.0.1. Bride helps suitor perform his tasks. *Type 313; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; German: Grimm Nos. 92, 113, 121, 196; Italian: Basile Pentamerone II No. 7, Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Japanese: Ikeda.
 
H335.0.1.1. H335.0.1.1. Otherworld mistress instructs hero how to perform tasks (imposed by her mother). Irish myth: Cross.
 
H335.0.1.2. H335.0.1.2. Bride‘s parents (supernatural) help suitor win in suitor contests. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H335.0.2. H335.0.2. Girl assigns tasks to her suitors. *De Vries FFC LXXIII 308; Irish myth: *Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Japanese: Ikeda.
 
H335.0.2.1. H335.0.2.1. Suitor task: to study philosophy for five years. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
H335.0.2.2. H335.0.2.2. Suitor task: prince to learn a trade. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 949*.
 
H335.0.3. H335.0.3. Devil as suitor assigned tasks. Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 343f., 345f., 363, 398.
 
H335.0.4. H335.0.4. Suitor tasks announced by inscription on statue. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H335.0.5. H335.0.5. Goddess assigns task to her mortal suitor. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H335.1. H335.1. Suitor task: avenging bride’s father‘s death before marriage. Icelandic: Boberg.
 
H335.1.1. H335.1.1. Suitor task: avenging bride’s former fiance before marriage. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
H335.2. H335.2. Suitor task: cutting open magic gourd. Indo-Chinese: Scott Indo-Chinese 290.
 
H335.3. H335.3. Suitor task: killing ferocious animal.
 
H335.3.1. H335.3.1. Suitor task: to kill dragon to whom the princess is to be sacrificed. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
H335.3.2. H335.3.2. Suitor task: killing lion guarding girl. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H335.3.3. H335.3.3. Suitor task: to slay thieving boar. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H335.3.4. H335.3.4. Suitor task: to kill treasure-guarding snake lying around the princess‘s chamber. Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
H335.3.5. H335.3.5. Task: hero’s servant must kill giant pig. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H335.3.6. H335.3.6. Suitor task: killing tiger demons. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H335.3.7. H335.3.7. Suitor task: to kill other monsters. Icelandic: *Boberg; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/317).
 
H335.4. H335.4. Suitor task: to defeat enemies. Icelandic: *Boberg; Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
 
H335.4.1. H335.4.1. Suitor task: to bring enemy‘s head. Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
H335.4.2. H335.4.2. Suitor task: to overcome robbers. Chinese: Graham.
 
H335.4.3. H335.4.3. Suitor task: to kill all earlier suitors. Icelandic: Boberg.
 
H335.4.4. H335.4.4. Suitor task: to kill (defeat) unwelcome suitor. Icelandic: *Boberg.
 
H335.5. H335.5. Suitor task: to bring back food as a marriage present. Chinese: Graham.
 
H335.6. H335.6. Suitor task: making weather calm. (Cf. D2141.0.8.1.) Tonga: Gifford 176.
 
H335.6.1. H335.6.1. Suitor task: controlling violent tide. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G. 3/730).
 
H336. H336. Suitors assigned quests. *Types 513, 514; Irish myth: *Cross; English: Wells 115 (Sir Eglamore); German: Grimm Nos. 6, 62, 93, 96, 97, 106, 137, 163, 197; Icelandic: *Boberg; Africa (Fjort): Dennett 74.
 
H336.1. H336.1. Prospective father-in-law requires that suitor for his daughter’s hand visit foreign country (otherworld?) to learn feats of arms. Irish myth: *Cross.
 
H336.2. H336.2. Suitor required to catch wild animals. (Cf. H335.3.) Irish myth: *Cross.
 
H338. H338. Suitor test: faithfulness. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H338.1. H338.1. Suitor test: keeping princess‘s secret. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H341. H341. Suitor test: making princess laugh. Sadfaced princess has never laughed. *Types 559, 571, 1642; *BP I 59, 61, II 39ff., 454 n. 1; *Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XXVI 89 n. 1; Italian: Basile Pentamerone Introduction, I No. 3; India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
H341.1. H341.1. Princess brought to laughter by people sticking together. *Type 571; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H341.2. H341.2. Princess brought to laughter by small animals. *Type 571; Italian: Basile Pentamerone III No. 5.
 
H341.3. H341.3. Princess brought to laughter by foolish actions of hero. *Type 571; *Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XXVI 89 n. 1; Italian: Basile Pentamerone I No. 3.
 
H341.3.1. H341.3.1. Princess brought to laughter by indecent show made in quarrel with old woman at well. Italian: Basile Pentamerone Introduction.
 
H342. H342. Suitor test: outwitting princess.
 
H342.1. H342.1. Suitor test: forcing princess to say, “That is a lie.” *Type 852; BP II 506; *Fb “løgn” II 513a; Japanese: Ikeda.
 
H343. H343. Suitor test: bringing dumb princess to speak. *Type 945; BP III 53ff.; *Gründwald Hessische Blätter f. Vksk. XXX 317; India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Yoruba): Ellis 263; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 279 No. 95; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 277 n. 1.
 
H343.0.1. H343.0.1. Princess to marry man who can make her speak to him in all watches of the night. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H343.1. H343.1. Dumb princess brought to speak by shepherd who insults her. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 105 No. 860; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H343.2. H343.2. Silent princess gives right answer when talking monkey is given wrong one by suitor-prince. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H344. H344. Suitor test: entering princess’s chamber. *Type 854.
 
H344.1. H344.1. Princess to marry man who can give her correct account of what happened in her bedchamber. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H345. H345. Suitor test: overcoming princess in strength. *Type 519.
 
H345.1. H345.1. Suitor test: lifting strong princess’s giant weapon. *Type 519.
 
H345.2. H345.2. Suitor test: riding strong princess‘s horse. *Type 519.
 
H346. H346. Princess given to man who can heal her. *Types 610, 613; *Christiansen FFC XXIV 98; BP III 267ff.; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda; S. A. Indian (Chincha): Alexander Lat. Am. 231.
 
H346.1. H346.1. Maiden queen promises herself to the man who heals her husband and kills his bewitcher. Icelandic: Boberg.
 
H347. H347. Suitor test: to consort with princess without sleeping. Suitors are given sleeping potion. Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H351. H351. Suitor test: to live on small amount of food.
 
H351.1. H351.1. Suitor test: to live on as much food as can be piled on a leaf. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H352. H352. Suitor test: to make garden bloom in winter. (Cf. M261.1.) Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
 
H353. H353. Suitor test: to plunge into a stream. Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H355. H355. Suitor test: finding an extraordinary object. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H355.0.1. H355.0.1. Who will find the most marvelous thing? Each finds some marvelous thing. It turns out, that to save the girl’s life all the things must be used together. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 467*.
 
H355.1. H355.1. Suitor test: finding a cow with silver horns. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
 
H355.2. H355.2. Suitor test: finding a hog with silver bristles. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
 
H355.3. H355.3. Suitor test: bringing marvelous tree. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
H355.4. H355.4. Suitor test: obtaining flowers. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
H355.5. H355.5. Suitor test: obtaining for bride a necklace like her mother‘s. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H355.6. H355.6. Suitor test: to get wedding dress so fine that it will go through ring. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H359. H359. Other suitor tests.
 
H359.1. H359.1. Suitor test: building causeway. (Cf. H1131.) Irish myth: *Cross (H345.3).
 
H359.2. H359.2. Suitor test: clearing land. Icelandic: Boberg.
 
H360 – H388.
 
H360 – H388. BRIDE TESTS
 
H360. H360. Bride test. Irish myth: *Cross.
 
H361. H361. Ring (jewel) bride test. Hero will marry girl possessing certain ring or jewel. Cox 505.
 
H362. H362. Bride chosen from girls assembled at feast. (Cf. H311.) German: Grimm No. 21.
 
H363. H363. Deceased wife marriage test. Man will marry woman meeting certain specifications prescribed by his deceased wife. *Type 610B; Cox 53 – 79 passim.
 
H363.1. H363.1. Bride test: wearing deceased wife‘s clothes. *Type 510B; Cox 53 – 79 passim; Fb “kjole” II 142.
 
H363.2. H363.2. Bride test: wearing deceased wife’s ring. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
H365. H365. Bride test: size of feet. Hindu: Tawney II 356.
 
H373. H373. Bride test: performance of tasks. *Type 875; Italian: Basile Pentamerone IV No. 4; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.
 
H375. H375. Bride contest: game.
 
H375.1. H375.1. Game of hide and seek with seven princesses to determine which is to be hero’s wife. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H375.2. H375.2. Man marries girl bringing his clothes soonest. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H375.3. H375.3. Bride test: procuring food plants in shortest time. S. A. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 44, 45.
 
H381. H381. Bride test: thrift. *Types 1451, 1452.
 
H381.1. H381.1. Bride test: making dress from wasted flax. *Type 1451; BP III 239.
 
H381.2. H381.2. Bride test: thrifty cutting of cheese. Three girls tested. First eats rind and all, second cuts away good cheese, third cuts away just enough. Type 1452; BP III 236; Hdwb. d. Märchens I 92b.
 
H381.2.1. H381.2.1. Bride test: thrifty peeling of apple. Hdwb. d. Märchens I 92b.
 
H381.2.2. H381.2.2. Bride test: thrifty scraping of bread tray. North Carolina: Brown Collection I 702.
 
H382. H382. Bride test: industry. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 259.
 
H382.1. H382.1. Bride test: key in flax reveals laziness. Suitor hides key in flax on spinning wheel. Finds it there next day. Type 1453; BP III 236.
 
H383. H383. Bride test: domestic skill. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H383.1. H383.1. Bride test: bread-making. Africa (Kaffir): Theal 52.
 
H383.1.1. H383.1.1. Bride test: bread-making – dough under fingernails. After three weeks the girl still has dough under her fingernails. Type 1453***; Russian: Andrejev No. 1453*; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 1454.*
 
H383.1.2. H383.1.2. Bride test: cooking griddle cakes. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H383.2. H383.2. Bride test: cloth-working.
 
H383.2.1. H383.2.1. Bride test: spinning – girl cannot use spinning-wheel. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
H383.2.2. H383.2.2. Bride test: weaving magic cloth, sewing magic shirt. Icelandic: Boberg.
 
H383.2.3. H383.2.3. Bride test: sewing a shirt for bridegroom‘s father. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
 
H383.3. H383.3. Bride test: skillful sweeping. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H383.4. H383.4. Bride test: cooking. India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.
 
H383.4.1. H383.4.1. Bride test: ale brewing. Icelandic: Boberg.
 
H383.5. H383.5. Bride test: cutting up a monster fish with scaly hide. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H384. H384. Bride test: kindness. Jewish: Neuman.
 
H384.0.1. H384.0.1. Suitor chooses kindly girl. N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 75.
 
H384.1. H384.1. Bride test: kindness – father-in-law disguised as beggar. Type 1455.
 
H384.1.1. H384.1.1. Wealthy (handsome) suitor disguised as beggar to test bride’s kindness. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; S. A. Indian (Caraja): Métraux MAFLS XL 49.
 
H384.1.2. H384.1.2. Prince disguised as a madman to test bride‘s character. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H385. H385. Bride test: greediness. Type 1454*.
 
H386. H386. Bride test: obedience. *Type 901.
 
H386.1. H386.1. Bride test: to allow oneself to be beaten with shoe. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
H387. H387. Bride test: constancy.
 
H387.1. H387.1. Bride‘s constancy tested by seven year’s mourning over supposed dead lover. English: Wells 151 (The Squyr of Lowe Degre).
 
H388. H388. Bride test: wisdom (cleverness). Irish myth: Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
H400 – H459.
 
H400 – H459. CHASTITY TESTS
 
H400. H400. Chastity test. Various means are employed to test a woman‘s (or man’s) chastity. *Types 870, 870A; *Bédier Fabliaux 465; Dunlop-Liebrecht 85; Child I 258 – 71, 507a, II 502, III 503, IV 454a, V 215f., 289a; *Cross MPh X 289; Heinrich von dem Türlin Diu Crone, lines 917f.; Clouston Tales I 173ff. – Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman; Arabian: Burton Nights V 271, 278, VII 259, IX 252ff.; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 167, *Tawney I 86 n., 329, 487, *II 601 n.; Chinese: Werner 269; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 516, 535; Samoa: Beckwith Myth 535; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 358 n. 287 m.
 
H410. H410. Chastity test by magic objects or ordeals.
 
H411. H411. Magic object points out unchaste woman.
 
H411.1. H411.1. Magic stone as chastity test. At foot of bed: cannot be stepped on by unchaste woman. (Cf. D931.) *Type 870A; Fb “sten” III 554b; English: Child I 269 n.
 
H411.1.1. H411.1.1. Stone breaks when unchaste woman looks at it. Jewish: Neuman.
 
H411.2. H411.2. Magic tree as chastity test. Cannot be climbed by unchaste woman. (Cf. D950.) Dunlop-Liebrecht 416.
 
H411.3. H411.3. Magic plant as chastity test. (Cf. D965.) Chauvin VII 168; Penzer I 168.
 
H411.4. H411.4. Magic drinking horn (cup) as chastity test. (Cf. D1171.6.) Unchaste woman cannot drink from cup. *Chauvin VII 167; Bédier Fabliaux 465; Child I 262 – 273 passim; Penzer I 165; Cross MPh X 289; Irish myth: *Cross.
 
H411.4.1. H411.4.1. Drinking bitter water as chastity test. Water will poison the unchaste. Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas II 119, 345, *Neuman.
 
H411.4.2. H411.4.2. Magic cup as chastity test: sticks to hands of adulterer. Irish myth: Cross.
 
H411.5. H411.5. Magic pin as chastity test. If it floats, woman is chaste. (Cf. D1182.) Chauvin VII 168; RTP XIV 598.
 
H411.6. H411.6. Magic chair as chastity test. Unchaste woman cannot sit in it till bidden. (Cf. D1151.2.) Chauvin VII 168; English: Child I 72f., 75.
 
H411.7. H411.7. Mantle as chastity test. Will not fit unchaste woman. (Cf. D1053.) *Chauvin VII 168; *Cross MPh X 289, XVI 649; *Child I 260ff., 265, V 289a; Bédier Fabliaux 465; BP IV 138; Oesterley No. 69; Irish myth: *Cross.
 
H411.8. H411.8. Magic bridge as chastity test. Cannot be crossed by unchaste. (Cf. D1258.) *Bolte Montanus 631; Chauvin VII 168; Child I 267, 269.
 
H411.9. H411.9. Magic statue as chastity test. Moves eyes in presence of unchaste woman. (Cf. D1268.) *Chauvin VII 169; Puymaigre Folklore (Paris, 1885) 37.
 
H411.9.1. H411.9.1. Magic idol as chastity test. Turns black in presence of unchaste woman. Lights up in presence of chaste woman. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
H411.10. H411.10. Magic bed and pillows as chastity test. Speak and reveal unchastity. (Cf. D1154.1.) Liungman Två Folkminnesundersökningar 1ff.; English: Child I 64 – 70 passim.
 
H411.11. H411.11. Magic spring as chastity test. Wells up if girl is not a virgin. (Cf. D927.) Irish myth: Cross; English: Floris and Blanchefleur line 618.
 
H411.11.1. H411.11.1. Unchaste woman dips arm into the water: skin boiled away. *Loomis White Magic 126.
 
H411.11.2. H411.11.2. Fountains as chastity tests. One fountain of clear water, other muddy. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
H411.12. H411.12. Magic harp as chastity test. Plays out of tune at approach of unchaste girl. (Cf. D1231.) English: Child I 269.
 
H411.13. H411.13. Magic lamp as chastity test. Only virgin can light it. (Cf. D1162.1.) *Oesterley No. 278; Herbert III 210.
 
H411.14. H411.14. Apple as chastity test. Fades if owner is not virgin. (Cf. D981.1.) Fb “pige” II 817a.
 
H411.15. H411.15. Magic mirror as chastity index. (Cf. D1163.) Jewish: *Neuman.
 
H411.16. H411.16. Catching salmon as proof of virginity. Irish myth: Cross.
 
H411.17. H411.17. Swan as chastity test. Irish myth: *Cross.
 
H411.18. H411.18. Dust of Tabernacle as chastity test. (Cf. D935.) Jewish: Neuman.
 
H412. H412. Chastity tested by ordeal.
 
H412.1. H412.1. Chastity ordeal: passing under magic rod. Unchaste woman bears twins. (Cf. D1254.2.) Irish myth: Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 96.
 
H412.2. H412.2. Chastity ordeal: holding shaven and greased tail of bull. Wade-Evans Welsh Mediaeval Law (Oxford, 1909) 241.
 
H412.3. H412.3. Chastity ordeal: feather over door; if girl who enters blushes she is not a virgin. Fb “pige” II 817a.
 
H412.4. H412.4. Chastity ordeal: passing through fire. Irish myth: Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys, Keith 128.
 
H412.4.1. H412.4.1. Chastity ordeal: holding hot iron. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 227; Alphabet No. 173.
 
H412.4.2. H412.4.2. Chastity ordeal: oath on boiling oil. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H412.5. H412.5. Chastity ordeal: poisonous snake around girl‘s neck. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H412.6. H412.6. Chastity ordeal: drawing lover out of wall with single thread rope. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H412.7. H412.7. Chastity ordeal: jumping.
 
H412.7.1. H412.7.1. Chastity ordeal: jumping over magic thread. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H412.7.2. H412.7.2. Chastity ordeal: jumping over pit. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H413. H413. Special powers of chaste woman.
 
H413.1. H413.1. Special power of chaste woman: blowing out candle with one puff and relighting it with another. English: Child I 270.
 
H413.2. H413.2. Special power of chaste woman: making ball of water. English: Child I 270; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H413.3. H413.3. Special power of chaste woman: carrying water in sieve. English: Child I 270; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H413.4. H413.4. Special power of chaste woman: raising fallen elephant. India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 166.
 
H413.5. H413.5. Chastity test: throwing certain number on dice. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H413.6. H413.6. If princess is chaste her weight will be only that of five flowers; if not, normal. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H421. H421. Tests for true lover.
 
H421.1. H421.1. Valley from which no false lover can escape until it has been entered by a true lover. Irish myth: *Cross; English: Child I 267.
 
H422. H422. Tests for true husbands.
 
H422.1. H422.1. Crown exposes infidelity of husbands. English: Child I 266f.
 
H425. H425. Tests for cuckolds.
 
H425.1. H425.1. Cuckold‘s knife cannot carve boar’s head. English: Child I 273.
 
H425.2. H425.2. Horns grow on cuckold. *New English Dictionary V 385c s.v. “horn”; Dunger Germania XXIX 59; Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas IV 122.
 
H426. H426. Chastity tests of holy men and monks. Irish myth: Cross.
 
H430. H430. Chastity index. Objects indicate faithfulness or unfaithfulness of separated lovers (husband or wife). *Type 888; *Penzer I 165ff.; *BP III 517ff.; Clouston Tales II 290ff.; Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas III 110f.
 
H431. H431. Clothing (cloth) as chastity index.
 
H431.1. H431.1. Shirt as chastity index. Remains white as long as woman (man) is true (Cf. D1056.) *Type 888; BP III 517ff.; Penzer I 44, 165; Oesterley No. 69; Herbert III 233; English: Child I 268.
 
H431.2. H431.2. Handkerchief as chastity index. Will not soil as long as woman (man) is true. *Type 888; BP III 517ff.
 
H431.3. H431.3. Veil as chastity index. Flowers on veil fade on head of unchaste. Bédier Fabliaux 465.
 
H432. H432. Flower as chastity index. (Cf. D975.) Fb “brudekrans” IV 65b; English: Child I 268; India: *Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 165.
 
H432.1. H432.1. Rose as chastity index. Fading rose indicates unfaithfulness. (Cf. D975.2.) G. Paris Romania XXIII 102ff.; Bédier Fabliaux 465; Köhler-Bolte II 444; Penzer I 165.
 
H432.1.1. H432.1.1. Three roses fall as sign of unfaithfulness. *Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XX 70 n. 12.
 
H432.2. H432.2. Lily as chastity index. Penzer I 165.
 
H432.3. H432.3. Lotus flower as chastity index. (Cf. D975.1.) Penzer I 42, 156.
 
H432.4. H432.4. Blooming staff as chastity index. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H433. H433. Ornament as chastity index.
 
H433.1. H433.1. Ring as chastity index. Indicates faithfulness by color. (Cf. D1076.) Penzer I 168; Child I 269; Zingerle Zs. f. Deutsche Myth. und Sittenkunde II (1855) 353.
 
H434. H434. Fruit as chastity index.
 
H434.1. H434.1. Apple as chastity index: shines as long as woman is chaste. (Cf. D981.1.) *Fb “guldæble” I 516b.
 
H435. H435. Weapon as chastity index.
 
H435.1. H435.1. Sword as chastity index: will not spot while woman is faithful. (Cf. D1081.) English: Child I 268.
 
H439. H439. Chastity index – miscellaneous.
 
H439.1. H439.1. Picture as chastity index: indicates by its color. (Cf. D1266.2.) English: Child I 269; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
H439.1.1. H439.1.1. Painting on wife‘s stomach as chastity index. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
 
H439.2. H439.2. Drinking-tube as chastity index: retains taste of another’s lips. Irish myth: *Cross.
 
H440. H440. Other indications of chastity.
 
H451. H451. Talking private parts betray unchastity. *Taylor MLN XXI 249 n. 2; Gering Hermes LI (1916) 632ff.; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 296 n. 83d.
 
H452. H452. Disguise to test bride‘s chastity. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H455. H455. Chastity test: king weighs princess against a flower. India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
H460. H460. Wife tests. Chinese: Graham.
 
H461. H461. Test of wife‘s patience. Griselda. Children stolen and attendance at wedding to another demanded. *Type 887; *Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XXXV – XXXVI 290; Hdwb. d. Märchens s.v. “Geduldsprüfung”; **H. Siefkin Das geduldige Weib in der englischen Literatur bis auf Shakespeare (Leipzig, 1903); *Loomis White Magic 118; *Laserstein; Ilse von Stach Griseldis (1922); Köhler-Bolte II 501, 534; *Fb “Griselda” IV 486a; Huet 66; *Cate Studies in Philology XXIX 389ff.; *Hibbard Medieval Romance in Eng. 289 n. 9; Philippson FFC 1 48ff. – Italian Novella: *Rotunda. Cf. also Types 712, 881, 900.
 
H461.1. H461.1. The clever wife in disguise wins a second wife for her husband. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H465. H465. Test of wife’s endurance. Haughty princess married to beggar and must endure poverty and menial work. *Type 900; BP I 443ff.; *Philippson FFC L 34ff.; *Fb “tigge” III 793b; Italian: Basile Pentamerone IV No. 10.
 
H466. H466. Feigned death to test wife’s faithfulness. *Type 1350; *Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XIX 92 n. 2; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 144.
 
H466.1. H466.1. Feigned absence to test wife‘s faithfulness. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H467. H467. Other tests of wife’s love or faithfulness. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.
 
H467.1. H467.1. Feigned illness to test wife‘s love. Husband feigns loss of genitalia. Italian Novella: Rotunda (H384.1.1.)
 
H467.2. H467.2. Wife’s faithfulness tested by proposal in another‘s name. Olrik Zs. f. Vksk. II (1892) 254ff.; Icelandic: Boberg.
 
H472. H472. Test of wife’s ability to keep secret. Jewish: Neuman.
 
H472.1. H472.1. Test of wife‘s ability to keep secret: the buried sheep’s head. Husband tells her that he is burying head of murdered man. She is to keep secret. She tells. When head is dug up it is sheep‘s head. *T. Zachariae Zs. f. Vksk. XXXII – XXXIV 77; *De Vries FFC LXXIII 220ff., 224 n. 1; Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas IV 25, 275; India: *Thompson-Balys.
 
H473. H473. Test of wife’s obedience. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H473.1. H473.1. Test of wife‘s obedience: finger in hole. Disobedient wife puts her finger into the hole where her husband has fixed sharp nails. Herbert III 18; Crane Vitry 226 No. 228; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 318.
 
H473.2. H473.2. Test of wife’s obedience: the one command. Upon his wife‘s insistence that he test her by giving one command the husband tells her not to go into the oven while he is away. She does so and oven falls on her. Herbert III 19; *Crane Vitry 231 No. 236; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 318; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
 
H473.3. H473.3. Test of wife’s obedience: not to eat leeks. Although she does not like them, she immediately begins to want them. Herbert III 24; Crane Vitry 258 No. 284; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 317.
 
H473.4. H473.4. Man leaving home warns wife not to wash face in puddle in dunghill. She does. He cannot understand why; she cannot explain. England: Baughman.
 
H473.5. H473.5. Test of wife‘s obedience: decorating house. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H474. H474. Complacent wife agrees with all of husband’s absurd statements. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H476. H476. Husband tests false wife by sleeping on her hair. Had always done so with true bride. Chinese: Graham.
 
H479. H479. Wife tests – miscellaneous motifs.
 
H479.1. H479.1. Widow prepared for suttee can lift by little finger heavy stone by temple. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H480. H480. Father tests. Test as to who is unknown father of child. Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s.v. “père”, “enfant”; Arabian: Burton Nights S V 236 n.
 
H481. H481. Infant picks out his unknown father. *Type 675; BP I 485; *Fb “barn” IV 27b; Missouri French: Carrière; Italian: Basile Pentamerone I No. 3; India: *Thompson-Balys; Indonesian: De Vries’s list No. 208; Japanese: Ikeda; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 336 n. 212; S. A. Indian (Yunca): Alexander Lat. Am. 228.
 
H481.1. H481.1. Infant indicates his unknown father by handing him an apple. *Fb “æble” III 1135b, “guldæble” I 516a; Hdwb. d. Märchens I 93b.
 
H481.1.1. H481.1.1. Baby picks out his disguised father from a crowd by handing him a bow. S. A. Indian (Chaco): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (1) 369.
 
H482. H482. Infant picks out his unknown mother. Chinese: Graham.
 
H483. H483. Animals compete as messenger to call father of new-born child. Their voices are tried. Jamaica: *Beckwith MAFLS XVII 265 No. 71.
 
H485. H485. Test of unknown father: gold on street. Princess has gold put on street leading to her. The man who rides over the gold-covered street without noticing is the father of her child. Köhler-Bolte I 56.
 
H486. H486. Test of paternity. Child tested to see if it is child of certain father. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
H486.1. H486.1. Test of paternity: adhesion of blood. Blood of real son will adhere to dead father‘s bones. Oesterley No. 196; Herbert III 191; Zachariae Kleine Schriften 305; Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas III 61, Neuman.
 
H486.2. H486.2. Test of paternity: shooting at father’s corpse. Youngest of supposed sons refuses to shoot and is judged the only genuine son of dead emperor. *Herbert III 206; Oesterley No. 45; Scala Celi 98a No. 526; Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 835; Nouvelles de Sens. No 29; Krappe Bulletin Hispanique XXXIX 28; L. Schmidt Oesterr. Zs. f. Vksk. 1955, 70 ff. – Spanish Exempla: Keller; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; *Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas II 123, 345, IV 102, 280, *Neuman.
 
H490. H490. Other marriage tests.
 
H491. H491. Test of mother‘s and father’s love for children.
 
H491.1. H491.1. In large family father unwilling but mother willing to sell children. Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas III 87, 303, Neuman.
 
H492. H492. Test of faithfulness of husband and wife.
 
H492.1. H492.1. Husband refuses to murder his wife for high honors; wife agrees to murder husband. Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas III 90, 303, Neuman.
 
H492.2. H492.2. Husband has a friend woo his wife: she is seduced. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
 
H492.2.1. H492.2.1. Husband has friend woo his wife: wife is generous to certain point only. Husband makes her wear dress symbolic of her generosity – blouse of coarse cloth; dress of gold brocade. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
H492.2.2. H492.2.2. Husband has friend woo his wife: seduction narrowly averted by frightened husband’s intervention. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
H492.3. H492.3. Husband castrates himself to test wife‘s faithfulness. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
 
H493. H493. Virility test for husband. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
 
H494. H494. Maternity test: to produce a baby within a year. India: Thompson.
 
H495. H495. Mother test.
 
H495.1. H495.1. Baby finds its mother, goes to her for suckling. Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H495.2. H495.2. Mother test: milk goes long distance into child’s mouth. India: Thompson-Balys.
 
H495.3. H495.3. Old woman suckles all babies at son‘s circumcision to prove she has borne child. Jewish: *Neuman.

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