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Prevuius group

Group No. 12


A. Mythological Motifs

Group No.

A740 – A759

Group name

The moon


A740. Creation of the moon. (Cf. A710 to A719, where many of the motifs refer to the moon). – *Rühle Sonne und Mond im primitiven Mythus (TСЊbingen, 1925); *Roheim Mondmythologie und Mondreligion (Leipzig, 1927); Nielsen Die altarabische Mondreligion (Strassburg, 1904); Harley Moon Lore (London, 1885); Wolf Der Mond im deutschen Volksglauben (Bühl, Baden, 1929). – Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Babylonian: Spence 79. – Indonesian: Dixon 177; Australian: ibid. 276ff.; Gold Coast: Barker and Sinclair 97 No. 18; Hopi: Alexander N. Am. 205; Quileute: Farrand JAFL XXXII 254ff.; Tahltan: Teit JAFL XXXII 205; Inca: Alexander Lat. Am. 240.
A741. Moon from object (person) thrown into sky. Admiralty Is.: Dixon 112; Cook Group: ibid. 37; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 215.
A741.1. Moon is water slung into sky. Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 421.
A741.2. Chest of sacrificed youth becomes the moon. India: Thompson-Balys.
A741.3. Moon as grinder which brings fire out of the sun. India: Thompson-Balys.
A742. Moon made from shining fragments. A cap is opened and shining things fall out. Children pick them up and put them into a box. At the end of the month the box is full. The full moon shines when all the fragments are gathered together. – Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 349.
A743. Moon from transformed object.
A743.1. Origin of moon from shell. Nauru (Pleasant Is.), Micronesia: Dixon 250.
A744. Heavenly smith is hammering on the moon. Africa (Sudanese): Frobenius Atlantis VII 18f.
A745. Family of the moon.
A745.1. Moon born from first couple. Gilbert Is. (Micronesia): Dixon 254.
A745.2. Mother of the moon: the most distant star in the sky. India: Thompson-Balys.
A745.3. Moon younger brother of the sun. India: Thompson-Balys; S. Am. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 158, 165.
A747. Person transformed to moon. India: *Thompson-Balys; S. Am. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 165, (Cashinawa): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 684, (Warrau): Kirchoff ibid. 879, (Chibcha): Kroeber BBAE CXLIII (2) 908; Norse: Boberg.
A750. Nature and condition of the moon. Many motifs in A720 to A739 refer to the moon and are not here repeated.
A751. Man in the moon. A man is said to be seen in the moon. Various explanations are given as to how he came to be there. – *Dh I 134; *Volksmann Am Urquell V 285, VI 75, 126, 199; *Cornelissen Ons Volksleven VI 168ff., 189ff.; *Köhler-Bolte III 597; *Robinson Complete Works of Geoffrey Chaucer (Boston 1933) 929; *Brown English Lyrics of the Thirteenth Century (Oxford 1932) 234ff.; *Hench JAFL XLVIII 384; *G. de Raille RTP III 129ff.; Basset RTP XXIII 220 and references to earlier volumes. – Breton: *Sébillot Incidents s. v. (hommeв); Estonian: *Aarne FFC XXV 140 No. 7, Loorits Grundzüge I 427f.; Livonian: *Loorits FFC LXVI 81 No. 8; Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 423; Armenian: Ananikian 52; Flemish: *De Meyer FFC XXXVII 82 No. 8; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 37, 214 No. 163, 221, 250. – Maori: Dixon 88; N. A. Indian (general): *Thompson Tales 291 n. 69, (Haida, Tlingit, Kwakiutl): Alexander N. Am. 257, (Loucheux): Barbeau JAFL XXVIII 255; Hottentot: Bleek 72 No. 33: Am. Negro (Georgia): Harris Friends 130 No. 17.
A751.1. Man in moon is person thrown or sent there as punishment. *Dh I 254ff.; *ibid. II 242 (Judas); Köhler-Bolte I 114 (Judas), III 597; *Fb (mРµneв) II 659b.; Kristensen Danske Sagn II (1893) 275ff., (1928) 171; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3907; Rumanian: Schullerus FFC LXXVIII 84 No. 4; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 37f. No. 25; Madison County Virginia (U.S.A.): Hench JAFL XLVIII 384. – Isthmian tribes (Panama): Alexander Lat. Am. 192 (punishment for incest); Yuracare (West Brazil): Alexander ibid. 314.
A751.1.1. Man in moon has punishment for burning brush on Sunday. **Hench The Man in the Moon and his Sticks (SFQ XIV 169). – North Carolina: Brown Collection I 631.
A751.1.2. Man in moon is put there as punishment for cursing God. U.S.: Baughman.
A751.1.3. Man in moon as punishment for disdainful sacrifice (Cain). Emerson (Medieval Legends of Cainв) PMLA XXI 840ff.
A751.1.4. Man in moon banished there for stealing bundle of thorns. Emerson PMLA XXI 840ff.
A751.2. Man in the moon a rabbit (hare, other animal). *Werhan Die Sage 65; Fb (mРµneв) II 659b. – Hindu- Keith 137, Penzer I 109 n. 1, II 82, V 101 n. 2, IX 143, Jataka Index s. v. (moonв), Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 675, 1079; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Anesaki 339. – Aztec: Alexander Lat. Am. 57, 89; S. Am. Indian (Yuracare): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 503 (jaguar).
A751.3. Frog in moon. S. Am. Indian (Warrau): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 123.
A751.3.1. Man in moon a frog which has jumped into person's face and remains there. *Köhler-Bolte I 473ff. – N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 291 n. 69.
A751.4. Man in the moon: tarring of the moon. Man sets out to tar the moon and remains with his tar-bucket in the moon. – Finnish: *Aarne FFC VIII 4 No. 8; XXXIII 51 No. 8; Livonian: *Loorits FFC LXVI 81 No. 7; Estonian: *Aarne FFC XXV 140 No. 6.
A751.5. Man in the moon from scratches or paint. S. Am. Indian (Caviña, Tumupasa): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 448, (Chamacoco): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (1) 366, (Guarani): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 93, (TembР№): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 140, (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 142f., (Peru): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 123.
A751.5.1. Man in the moon: moon's face scratched by hare in retaliation for injury to hare. (Cf. A2216.3.) – Hottentot: Bleek 72 No. 33.
A751.5.2. Man in the moon: dung (ashes) on moon's face smeared there by sun. India: Thompson-Balys.
A751.5.2.1. Moon wants to marry his sister the sun. She is angered and throws hot ashes on his face. – India: Thompson-Balys.
A751.5.3. Mark of her mother's hand to be seen on moon's shoulder. India: Thompson-Balys.
A751.5.4. Mark of tiger's paw on moon. India. Thompson-Balys.
A751.5.5. Moon spots are tattoo marks. India: Thompson-Balys.
A751.6. Cotton tree and nettles on moon. India: Thompson-Balys.
A751.6.1. Spots on moon a banyan tree planted there by creator to diminish its light. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.
A751.7. Two children in moon with yoke and bucket. Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 184, Boberg.
A751.8. Woman in the moon. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 242, Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G. 3/1010).
A751.8.1. Man in the moon is an old woman busy with her spindle. India: Thompson-Balys.
A751.8.2. Man in moon is a woman threshing corn with a dog by her side. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.
A751.8.3. Goddess in moon with calabash at her side. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 221.
A751.8.4. Woman in moon's oven seen on clear nights. Samoa: Clark 120.
A751.8.5. Girl with tree carried to moon and is seen there. Samoa: Clark 119.
A751.8.6. Goddess in moon beating tapa beneath tree. Tonga: Gifford 181.
A751.9. Miscellaneous images on moon.
A751.9.1. Rows of palm trees (black spots) on the moon. India: Thompson-Balys.
A751.9.2. Bag in the moon. Samoa: Clark 89.
A751.9.3. Giant in moon. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 736.
A751.10. Particular individual is man in the moon.
A751.10.1. Joshua as man in the moon. Jewish: Neuman.
A751.10.2. Jacob as man in the moon. Jewish: Neuman.
A751.11. Other marks on the moon. India: Thompson-Balys; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 192.
A753. Moon as a person.
A753.1. Moon as wooer. The moon is enamored of a mortal. – Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 61 n. 2 (Endymion); Estonian: Loorits Grundzüge I 427. – N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 273 n. 6a.
A753.1.1. Moon abducts woman. Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 29, (Cape York): Rasmussen III 50.
A753.1.2. Moon (man) cohabits with woman. Maori: Beckwith Myth 74; Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 47; S. Am. Indian (Cubeo): Goldman BBAE CXLIII (3) 798.
A753.1.3. Moon (goddess, woman) cohabits with mortal man. Maori: Beckwith Myth 244.
A753.1.4. Moon married to mortal woman. India: Thompson-Balys (A753.2); Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 29ff., (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 198, (Greenland): Rasmussen III 50, 52, Rink 441, Holm 47.
A753.1.4.1. Moon married to son of sky-god. India: Thompson-Balys.
A753.1.4.2. Moon is wife to all twelve brothers of the sun and they have her a month at a time because she ate up her sisters. India: Thompson-Balys.
A753.1.5. A753.1.5. Moon and mortal have child. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 199, (Greenland): Holm 47.
A753.2. Moon has house. Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 30, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 598, (Greenland): Rasmussen I 81, 83, II 25, 33, III 51, 170, Rink 442, Holm 73, 75, 80.
A753.3. Moon as person – miscellaneous.
A753.3.1. A753.3.1. Moon deceives sun. India: Thompson-Balys.
A753.3.2. Moon steals from a garden. India: Thompson-Balys.
A753.3.3. During day moon stays with his mother under the earth. S. Am. Indian (Ipurina): Métraux MAFLS XL 19.
A753.3.4. Moon endowed with wisdom and passion. Jewish: Neuman.
A754. Moon kept in box. (Cf. A755.1). – French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 11. – N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 282 n. 45; German New Guinea: Dixon 112. – Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 421; Chinese: Graham.
A754.1. Moon buried in pit. India: Thompson-Balys.
A754.1.1. Moon falls into pit but is rescued by man. S. Am. Indian (Guayaki): Métraux-Baldus BBAE CXLIII (1) 444.
A755. Causes of moon's phases. Irish: Beal XXI 323; Icel.: MacCulloch Eddic 183; Baltic: (Lithuanian and Lettish): Gray 320; Estonian: Loorits Grundzüge I 422f.; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 34 No 4; Hindu: Oldenberg Religion des Veda 171; Yakuts: Holmberg Siberian 424; India: *Thompson-Balys. – Maori: Dixon 88. – African: Werner African 227f. (Ekoi): Talbot 349, (Fang): Trilles 172.
A755.1. Moon's phases caused by its being put in box. (Cf.A754). When it is closed up in the box, it is dark; when taken out of the box, light. – Ekoi: Talbot 344.
A755.2. Moon's phases caused by watcher's death. Moon is hung in tree and is tended by four men. As one dies it loses a quarter. Later it is united in the lower world. – BP III 288ff. (Gr. No. 175). – Cf. Ekoi: Talbot 344.
A755.3. Moon's waning caused by her sickness. Belden MLN XX 205; Penzer VI 119 n. 1. – Maori: Clark 182; S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 19.
A755.3.1. Sacrifice made to free moon from sickness and allow waxing. India: Thompson-Balys.
A755.4. Moon cut in two by sun: hence waxes and wanes. India: Thompson-Balys.
A755.4.1. Moon cut in half. India: Thompson-Balys.
A755.4.2. Moon stolen and divided into quarters. German: Grimm No. 175.
A755.4.3. Moon's phases caused by animals gnawing at edge. S. Am. Indian (Paressi): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 360.
A755.5. Moon's phases caused by feeding or starving. S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 19, (Ipurina): Métraux ibid. 20.
A755.6. Moon's phases as punishment for moon's misdoing. Jewish: Neuman.
A755.7. Moon's waning caused by menstrual period. India: Thompson-Balys.
A756. Moon as sun's representative at night. Egyptian: Müller 84.
A757. A757. Moon-boat. Lappish: Friis Lappisk Mythologi 79.
A757.1. Moon-chariot. Icel.: Boberg.
A758. Theft of moon. Moon is kept by a monster. It is stolen and brought to earth. – *BP III 288f. Cf. Thompson Tales 281 n. 42; Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 483. – Finnish: Kalevala runes 47, 49.
A759. Condition and nature of the moon – miscellaneous. For eclipse of the moon see A737, where both eclipses of the sun and moon are handled.
A759.1. Moon has wooden weapons, therefore vulnerable. S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 19.
A759.2. Sun and moon as divine hero's wedding presents. India: Thompson-Balys.
A759.3. Why the moon is pale. India: Thompson-Balys.
A759.4. Moon is hare covered with silver, which lives in crystal house with fifteen windows. It rests on a chariot and travels around Mount Meru. – India: Thompson-Balys.
A759.5. Formerly seven moons. India: Thompson-Balys.
A759.6. Moon under direct control of deity. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 854.
A759.7. Planet Mars lies on moon to impart warmth to her lest she freeze the earth. (Cf. A780). Jewish: Neuman.

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