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Prevuius group

Group No. 113


G. Ogres

Group No.

G303.1 – G303.21

Group name

Other ogres: devil I


G303. Devil. (The Devil, Satan, The Bad Man, Old Nick, etc.)1 Not clearly differentiated, especially in German tradition, from the stupid ogre. (See also F531 (Giant), G100 – 199 and G500 – 699.) – **Wünsche Teufel; **A Graf The Story of the Devil (tr. E. N. Stone) (London, 1931); **M. J. Rudwin The Devil in Legend and Literature (Chicago 1931); P. Carus History of the Devil (Chicago, 1900); **Toldo II 329ff.; **O. A. Erich Die Darstellung des Teufels in der christlichen Kunst (Berlin, 1931); *De Vooys Middelnederlandse Legenden en Exempelen 159ff.; S. Freud Die Teufelsneurose im 17. Jahrhundert (Wien, 1928). – Irish myth: Cross; North Carolina: Brown Collection I 687; Icelandic: *Boberg; Finnish-Swedish: **P. Danielsson Djävulgestalten i Finlands svenska Folktro (Bidrag till kännedom af Finlands natur och folk LXXXIV pt. 2, [Helsingfors, 1932] 157); Estonian: Loorits Grundzüge I 135 – 152; Jewish: *Neuman.
Motif: Supplementary Bibliography for G303
Campbell, J. G. Superstitions of the Highlands and Islands of Scotland. Glasgow, 1900.
Hunt, R. Popular Romances of the West of England. London, 1903.
Danielsson, P. Djävulgestalten i Finlands Svenska Folktro. Helsingfors, 1930.
G303.1. The origin of the devil and his companions. Jewish: *Neuman.
G303.1.1. The devil originates from God. Dh I 12; Jewish: Neuman.
G303.1.1.1. God creates the devil (Satan) from his own shadow. Dh I 44.
G303.1.1.2. Devil originates from God‘s spittle. Dh I 61ff.; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3001, Legends Nos. 1, 3, 8.
G303. The devil originates from the spittle of an evil man. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
G303.1.1.3. God changes an angel into the devil, because he tried to imitate God in creating the world. Dh I 139.
G303.1.1.4. God creates the devil by striking a stone with his whip. Dh I 33.
G303.1.2. God discovers the devil.
G303.1.2.1. God finds the devil sitting under a tree which was made by his throwing his staff into the water. Dh I 35.
G303.1.2.2. God finds the devil under a stone. Dh I 31.
G303.1.2.3. God discovers the devil in a piece of solid foam. Dh I 43.
G303.1.3. The devil is created without the special aid of God.
G303.1.3.1. The devil is developed from man. Dh I 4f.; West Indies: Flowers 447.
G303.1.3.2. The devil is created out of a bubble. Dh I 19, 66f.
G303.1.3.3. The devil is created out of sea-foam. Dh I 19.
G303.1.3.4. Pagan gods became devils. *Loomis White Magic 75.
G303.1.3.5. Satan created out of hell fire. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.1.4. The devil creates other devils. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3001.
G303.1.4.1. The devil creates devils by casting water behind himself.
G303.1.4.2. Devils are created from sparks produced by Satan’s striking two stones together. Dh I 60ff.; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3001, Legends Nos. 1, 3.
G303.1.5. Five devils created by Adam create other devils in the same manner. Adam has created five devils by wetting five fingers with dew and shaking them behind him; God had commanded him to wet one finger. (Cf. G303.1.4.1.) Dh I 49.
G303.1.6. Devils are created from sinful priests. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
G303.1.7. Tuatha De Danann as demons (fallen angels). Irish myth: Cross.
G303.1.8. Two devils (male and female) extracted from corpse‘s belly. India: Thompson-Balys.
G303.2. Names applied to the devil. Jewish: *Neuman.
G303.2.1. Devil calls himself ”Puss“. Fb I 266b.
G303.2.2. Devil is called ”the black one“. Fb I 267b; Wünsche Teufel 51f.
G303.2.3. Devil says his name is ”Millearces“ (thousand ways to lead men to sin). Scala Celi 165b No. 932.
G303.2.4. Gaelic titles given to the devil: the worthless one; the one whom I will not mention; yon one; the one big one; the one from the abyss; the mean mischievous one; the big sorrow; the son of cursing; the big grizzled one; the bad one; the bad spirit; Black Donald. J. G. Campbell Superstitions of the Highlands and Islands of Scotland (Glasgow, 1900) 291.
G303.3. Forms in which the devil appears. *Toldo II 330ff.
G303.3.0.1. Devil in hideous form. (Cf. G303.3.1.4.) Irish myth: *Cross India: Thompson-Balys.
G303.3.1. The devil in human form. *Loomis White Magic 74; Danielsson Vol. II; Scala Celi 42b, 45a Nos. 243, 255; Irish: *Cross; Beal XXI 307, 313, 315, 330; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. Nos 70, 83, 91 – 93, 155, 200, 218; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 617.
G303. Devils in guise of human beings require remarkable quantity of food. India: Thompson-Balys.
G303.3.1.1. The devil as a large, strong man. Henne-Am Rhyn Deutsche Volkssage (1874) 278.
G303.3.1.2. The devil as a well-dressed gentleman. Wünsche Teufel 37f., 54, 59f.; Irish myth: Cross; Scotch: Campbell Superstitions 293; U.S.: Baughman; Georgia Negro: Harris Remus 32; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 8 No. 66; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 347ff., 353, 357, 361, 363f., 367ff., 402, 413, 415, 425ff., 430f., 433ff., 437ff., 441 – 47, 449ff., 454, 456ff., 461, 464, 466, 655ff., 684f., 737, 764, 766, 772, 776, 786f., 803, 805, 808, 844; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
G303.3.1.3. The devil as a distinguished-looking knight. Wünsche Teufel 61f.
G303. Devil as a ribald traveler. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
G303.3.1.4. Devil appears in the form of a man who is repugnantly ugly. (Cf. G303.3.0.1.) Wessman 8 No. 66, Wünsche Teufel 103f.; Irish: Cross, O’Suilleabhain 35, Beal XXI 312; England: Baughman.
G303.3.1.5. The devil as a little, gray old man. Wessman 12 No. 99; Wünsche Teufel 52f.; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 440, 448, 458.
G303.3.1.6. The devil as a black man. Wünsche Teufel 30f., 106f., Fb I 266b; Irish: *Cross, O‘Suilleabhain 35f., Beal XXI 313.
G303.3.1.7. Devil as a huntsman. Wünsche Teufel 33f., 49f.; Hunt Popular Romances of West of England (London, 1903) 222; Nouvelles de Sens No. 5.
G303.3.1.8. Devil in form of priest. Scala Celi 45a, 45b Nos. 254, 257; Crane Vitry 246 No. 263; *Loomis White Magic 74; England: Baughman; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3330, Legends Nos. 419 – 422, 424.
G303. Devil as a hermit. India: *Thompson-Balys.
G303. Devil as ascetic. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 617.
G303.3.1.9. Devil in form of pilgrim. Scala Celi 153a No. 844; Alphabet No. 620.
G303.3.1.10. Devil as a peasant. England: Hunt Popular Romances 232; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 543.
G303.3.1.11. Devil as three gentlemen. They come for a dying man. Scotch: Campbell Superstitions 295.
G303.3.1.12. Devil in form of woman. Lures man. *Loomis White Magic 75; Irish myth: *Cross; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 554ff., 762, 801, 834ff.; Italian Novella: *Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys.
G303. Devil in form of woman lures and punishes women. Introduces men disguised as women to seduce impious nuns. Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
G303. Devil as a beautiful young woman seduces man. Spanish Exempla: Keller; India: Thompson-Balys.
G303. Devil appears as a beautiful black wench. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
G303. Devil appears as old woman to seduce monk from cloister. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
G303. Devil (in queen’s form) insatiable, although she copulates with all men and horses. India: Thompson-Balys.
G303.3.1.13. Devil as cook. Italian Novella: Rotunda.
G303.3.1.14. Devil as student. Irish myth: Cross.
G303.3.1.15. Devil appears as a Jew. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
G303.3.1.16. Devil appears as a child. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
G303.3.1.17. Devils appear as ladies and gentlemen. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
G303.3.1.18. Devil as shoemaker. Estonian, Livonian, Latvian, Lithuanian: *Balys Tautosakos Darbai VI 105 – 110.
G303.3.1.19. Devil as merchant. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges; Jewish: Neuman.
G303.3.1.20. Devil appears in shape of a dead man while hidden in his corpse or skin. Lithuanian: Balys Ghosts.
G303.3.1.21. The devil as a great hairy man. England: Baughman.
G303.3.1.22. Devil as astrologer. India: Thompson-Balys.
G303.3.1.23. Satan disguised as beggar. (Cf. K1817.1.) Jewish: *Neuman.
G303.3.1.24. Satan as very old man. Jewish: *Neuman.
G303.3.1.25. Satan disguised as king. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.3.2. The devil in superhuman from.
G303.3.2.1. Devil appears as Christ. Scala Celi 45a No. 256; *Loomis White Magic 74; Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
G303. Devil as crucifix. *Loomis White Magic 75; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
G303.3.2.2. Devil (Satan) appears as an angel. Dh I 228; *Loomis White Magic 74; Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: Neuman.
G303.3.2.3. Devil as a dwarf. Irish myth: Cross; German: Henne-Am Rhyn 278.
G303.3.2.4. Devil in form of dragons and monsters of various sorts. *Loomis White Magic 74.
G303.3.2.5. Devil appears as Virgin Mary. Irish: O‘Suilleabhain 41.
G303.3.3. The devil in animal form. *Loomis White Magic 74; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
G303.3.3.1. Devil in form of domestic beast.
G303. Devil in form of dog. Wünsche Teufel 83f.; Fb I 189a, 266b, 676a, II 636b, 891b, IV 227a; Tobler 46; Wessman 9 No. 67; Grunwald Hessische Blätter f. Vksk. XXX – XXXI 317; *Loomis White Magic 74. Irish: Beal XXI 321, 327, O’Suilleabhain 54, 75; Icelandic: *Boberg; Finnish-Swedish: Danielsson I 86; Spanish Exempla: Keller; South America (Colombia, Argentina, Brazil): Jijena Sanchez 90, 103, 106.
G303. Devil in form of a cat. *Loomis White Magic 74; Irish: O‘Suilleabhain 40, Beal XXI 315; Scotch: Campbell Superstitions 306; U.S.: Baughman; Finnish-Swedish: Danielsson I 99; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 454, 538ff.; French: Sébillot France III 124; Tobler 46.
G303. Devil as horse. Howey Horse in Magic and Myth 35ff.; *Loomis White Magic 74; Kittredge Witchcraft 177 n. 31; Boggs FFC XC 90 No. 762; Köhler-Bolte II 266ff.; Fb I 266b; England, U.S.: Baughman; Icelandic: Boberg; Finnish-Swedish: Danielsson op. cit. I 68; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 667ff., 760, 781f.; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
G303. Devil in form of cow (bull, ox). Tobler 46; Fb I 266b; Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 616.
G303. Devil in form of swine. Fb I 266b; Scala Celi 120b No. 659; Tobler 46; *Loomis White Magic 74; U.S.: Baughman; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 558, 705.
G303. Devil in form of goat. Irish myth: Cross; Scotch: Campbell Superstitions 290; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3300, Legends Nos. 529 – 36f., 541, 545, 550f., 554, 777ff., 832; Jewish: Neuman.
G303. Devil in form of ram. Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 537, 542ff., 546ff., 780.
G303.3.3.2. Devil in form of wild beast.
G303. Devil in form of wolf. Fb I 189; *Loomis White Magic 74; Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 594ff.; French: Sébillot France III 34, IV 118.
G303. Devil in form of fox. Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 180.
G303. Devil in form of hare. Fb I 266b; England, U.S.: Baughman; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 124 No. 51; Finnish: FFC XXXIII 42 No. 51.
G303. Devil in form of mouse. Tobler 45; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 192, 194f.
G303. Devil in form of lion. Spanish Exempla: Keller.
G303. Devil in form of squirrel. Tobler 46.
G303. Devil in form of monkey. Scala Celi 62b No. 340; Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 89.
G303. Devil in form of deer. Jewish: Neuman.
G303. Devil in form of hyena. Jewish: Neuman.
G303. Devil in form of a terrifying elephant. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 436.
G303.3.3.3. Devil in form of bird. *Loomis White Magic 74; Irish myth: Cross; England: Baughman; Jewish: Neuman.
G303. Devil in form of raven. Scotch: Campbell Superstitions 295; Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 400ff., 405ff., 411; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 314 No. 110.
G303. Devil in form of crow. Scala Celi 168a No. 954; England: Baughman.
G303. Devil in form of black bird. Tobler 45.
G303. Devil in form of woodcock. Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 42 No. 51; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 124 No. 51.
G303. Devil in form of cock. Fb IV 272b.
G303. Devil in form of owl. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
G303.3.3.4. Devil in form of insect.
G303. Devil in form of gnat. Tobler Epiphanie der Seele 45.
G303. Devil in form of spider. Hangs from the clouds. Dh I 135; Scotland, Wales, U.S.: Baughman.
G303. Devil in form of wasp. Irish myth: Cross.
G303. Devil in form of fly. *Loomis White Magic 74; Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 404.
G303.3.3.5. Devil in form of fish.
G303.3.3.6. Devil in form of reptile.
G303. Devil in form of snake. Sneaks into the ark. *Loomis White Magic 74; Dh I 268; U.S., England: Baughman; Jewish: *Neuman.
G303.3.3.7. Devil in form of amphibian.
G303. Devil in form of toad. Fb III 888b; Kittredge Witchcraft 181 n. 72; England: *Baughman.
G303.3.3.8. Miscellaneous other animal forms in which the devil appears: bear; ant; wild goose. Fb IV 99a; *Loomis White Magic 74; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
G303.3.4. Devil in form of inanimate objects.
G303.3.4.1. Devil in form of wheel on wagon. Fb I 266b.
G303.3.4.2. Devil as a black ball. Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 9 No. 68.
G303. Devil as a ball of fire. Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 848ff.
G303.3.4.3. Devil (Black Donald) as a bunch of ferns. Rolls down hill. Scotch: Campbell Superstitions 303.
G303.3.4.4. Devil as wind. Jewish: Neuman.
G303. Devil as whirlwind. Persons met by him are killed or maimed. Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 14 No. 122.
G303.3.4.5. Devil as a barrel. Rolls and is impossible to catch. Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 802.
G303.3.4.6. Devil in shape of a stone. Lithuanian: Balys Historical.
G303.3.4.7. Devil in the form of a sheaf. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
G303.3.4.8. Devil in form of round bowl. Wales: Baughman.
G303.3.4.9. Devil in form of house. Wales: Baughman.
G303.3.4.10. Devil in form of ungainly bundle. U.S.: Baughman.
G303.3.4.11. Devil as stream of water. Jewish: *Neuman.
G303.3.5. Devil changes shape. India: *Thompson-Balys.
G303.3.5.1. Devil becomes larger and larger. Wünsche Teufel 40; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 532, 539, 542, 556, 722, 780, 839; India: Thompson-Balys.
G303.3.5.2. Devil becomes smaller and smaller. Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 837f.
G303.3.5.3. Devil becomes heavier and heavier. Animal taken into cart becomes so heavy that horses are unable to pull cart. If it is brought home it turns to stone or tree-stump. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3301; Legends Nos. 533, 535, 541ff., 545 – 53, 558.
G303.3.6. Forms into which the devil cannot change.
G303.3.6.1. Devil cannot change into pike. Fb I 440a.
G303.3.6.2. Devil cannot change into dove. Tobler 46; England: Baughman.
G303.3.6.3. Devil cannot change into lamb. Tobler 46; England: Baughman.
G303. The devil cannot change into a sheep. Dh I 165.
G303.4. The devil’s physical characteristics.
G303.4.1. The devil‘s head.
G303.4.1.1. Devil has ninety-nine heads. Dh I 135.
G303.4.1.2. Devil’s eyes.
G303. Devil with eye in middle of forehead. Type 756B; Fb I 189b, 266b; Andrejev FFC LXIX 62.
G303. Devil with glowing eyes. Fb I 189b, 266b, U.S.: Baughman.
G303. Two beams of fire shoot from devil‘s eyes. England: Hunt Popular Romances 218.
G303. Devil has saucer eyes. English: Hunt 224.
G303. Devil has passionate look in eyes. Wünsche Teufel 59.
G303. Devil has no eyebrows. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
G303. Devil is blind. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.4.1.3. Devil’s beard.
G303. Devil has a red beard. Dh I 239; German: Henne-Am Rhyn (1874) 278.
G303.4.1.4. Devil‘s nose.
G303. Devil has a long nose. German: Henne-Am Rhyn (1874) 277.
G303. Devil has only one nostril or is without nostrils at all. Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 349, 351, 395, 654f., 657f., 776, 785f., 799, 803, 814.
G303.4.1.5. Devil’s teeth.
G303. Devil has shining teeth. Girl wishes to marry man whose teeth shine. Such a man appears and they marry. When he removes his hat she finds he is the devil. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 52 No. 340a, Espinosa Jr. No. 93.
G303. One of devil‘s teeth grows down to the earth; another to sky. India: Thompson-Balys.
G303.4.1.6. Devil has horns. Scotland: Baughman; German: Henne-Am Rhyn 278; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Cent Nouvelles Nouvelles No. 70.
G303. Devil has two horns. Wünsche Teufel 40.
G303. Devil child born with horns. U.S.: *Baughman.
G303.4.1.7. The devil’s face.
G303. Devil‘s face is black. Irish myth: *Cross.
G303.4.1.8. Devil’s hair. Jewish: Neuman.
G303. Devil‘s hair blood-red. India: Thompson-Balys.
G303. Devil has three golden hairs. *Type 461.
G303.4.2. The devil’s wings.
G303.4.2.1. The devil has six wings. Dh I 138.
G303.4.2.2. The devil has twelve wings. Jewish: *Neuman.
G303.4.3. The devil‘s thumb.
G303.4.3.1. Devil has glowing thumb. Wünsche Teufel 44.
G303.4.3.2. Devil’s thumb the size of two fists. Wünsche Teufel 44.
G303.4.4. Devil has claws. Wünsche Teufel 42f., 83f.
G303.4.4.1. Devil has five claws. Wünsche Teufel 84.
G303.4.4.2. Devil has claws on his feet. One can tell a devil by claws protruding through his shoes. Fb II 184, 204b.
G303.4.5. The devil‘s feet and legs.
G303.4.5.1. Devils have only one leg. They broke one leg when trying to run away from God’s attack to protect himself from them. Dh I 50.
G303. Devil has only one foot. The wolf which he made has eaten the other. Dh I 148.
G303. Devil‘s shoes are empty. Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 350, 654, 657.
G303.4.5.2. Devil has a broken foot. He limps. Type 756B; Andrejev FFC LXIX 62, *231 n.; German: Henne-Am Rhyn 277.
G303.4.5.3. Devil has horse’s foot. Type 756B; Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 226; Andrejev FFC LXIX 62; Fb I 601b; Wünsche Teufel 52. – Scotch Campbell Superstitions 290; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 8 No. 66; Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 137.
G303. Devil detected by his hoofs. While playing cards the devil drops a card on the floor and his partners notice his monstrous feet. England, Wales, U.S.: Baughman; Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 41 No. 34; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 120 No. 34; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3350, Legends Nos. 676, 793.
G303. Devil’s footprints without any toes. India: Thompson-Balys.
G303.4.5.4. The devil has goat feet. Irish: O‘Suilleabhain 92, Beal XXI 330; England: Baughman; German: Henne-Am Rhyn (Leipzig, 1874) 278.
G303. Devil is betrayed by his goat hoofs. Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 8 No. 66.
G303.4.5.5. Devil has pig’s foot. Scotch: Campbell Superstitions 290.
G303.4.5.6. Devil‘s knees are backwards. Type 756B; Andrejev FFC LXIX 62; Irish myth: *Cross.
G303.4.5.7. Devil has no heels. Bitten off by wolf who was created by devil. Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 139f., 142.
G303.4.5.8. Devil has club foot. England, U.S.: Baughman.
G303.4.5.9. Devil has cock’s feet. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.4.6. The devil‘s tail. Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 792.
G303.4.6.1. A little girl recognizes the devil by his tail. Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 119 No. 29; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3675, Legends Nos. 382, 395.
G303.4.6.2. Boy recognizes devil when he fans fire with his tail. Africa (Masai): Fuchs Sagen, Mythen, und Sitten der Masai (Jena, 1910) 21ff. No. 4.
G303.4.7. Devil speaks with voice of a he-goat. Scotch: Campbell Superstitions 301.
G303.4.8. Miscellaneous characteristics of devil.
G303.4.8.1. Devil has sulphurous odor. (Cf. G303.6.3.4, G303.17.2.8.) England, U.S.: Baughman; German: Henne-Am Rhyn (1874) 271; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: Neuman.
G303.4.8.2. Devil holds molten coin in mouth. Fb I 267a.
G303. Devil holds fire in his hands. Irish: O’Suilleabhain 38.
G303.4.8.3. Devil claims to be 7,777 years old. Dh I 195.
G303.4.8.4. Devil never eats in an inn. Devil‘s coachman observes this. Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 119 No. 28.
G303.4.8.5. Devil carries a thorn stick. German: Henne-Am Rhyn 278.
G303.4.8.6. Devil is swift of foot. Type 756B; Andrejev FFC LXIX 62; Irish myth: Cross.
G303.4.8.7. Devil with pitchfork. North Carolina: Brown Collection I 688.
G303.4.8.8. Devil laughs (weeps) when men weep (laugh). Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
G303.4.8.9. Devil all speckled and spotted. England: Baughman.
G303.4.8.10. Devil’s hand marks person he touches. England, U.S.: *Baughman.
G303.4.8.11. Devil in animal form cannot be hit by bullets. Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman.
G303.4.8.12. Devil picks up live coals to light pipe. U.S.: Baughman.
G303.4.8.13. Devil invisible. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.5. How the devil is dressed.
G303.5.1. Devil is dressed in black. French: Sébillot France I 287, III 144; Jewish: *Neuman.
G303.5.1.1. Devil in a black cloak. German: Henne-Am Rhyn 278.
G303.5.2. Devil is dressed in green.
G303.5.2.1. Devil in green clothing with hat. Wünsche Teufel 34f.
G303.5.2.2. Devil as a hunter in green. Wünsche Teufel 53f., 90f.
G303.5.2.3. Devil wears a bright green coat. German: Henne-Am Rhyn 278.
G303.5.3. The devil dressed in red. French: Sébillot France II 29.
G303.5.4. Devil dressed in blue clothes. Fb I 266a; U.S.: Baughman.
G303.5.5. Devil dressed in hunting clothes. Wünsche Teufel 65f.
G303.6. Circumstances of the devil‘s appearance. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.6.1. When the devil appears. Danielsson Djävulgestalten i Finlands Svenska Folktro (Helsingfors, 1930) 74.
G303.6.1.1. Devil appears at midnight. Hunt Popular Romances 230; Wünsche Teufel 54, 59, 106f.; Danielsson op. cit. 77.
G303.6.1.2. Devil comes when called upon. Fb I 267a, IV 99a; Wünsche Teufel 54, 99; Irish: O’Suilleabhain 34, 59, Beal XXI 312, 323; English: Hunt 232, 241; England, Wales: Baughman; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 12 No. 106; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 601 – 604.
G303. Devil writes into book names of those who call on him. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
G303.6.1.3. Devil appears to claim soul offered to devil in jest. Wünsche Teufel 36f.; Irish: O’Suilleabhain 56, Beal XXI 322.
G303.6.1.4. Devil appears when a woman looks at herself in the mirror after sunset. England, Wales, U.S.: Baughman; French: Sébillot France I 139; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
G303.6.1.5. Devil appears when cards are played. Fb IV 99a; Scotch: Campbell Superstitions 292.
G303.6.1.6. Devil invoked through medium of a black dog. Peru: Jijena Sanchez 132.
G303.6.1.7. Devil appears on Hallowe‘en. Irish myth: Cross.
G303.6.2. People to whom the devil appears.
G303.6.2.1. Devil appears invisible among dancers. (Cf. G303.10.4.) Canada, U.S.: *Baughman (G303.6.2.12); Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 10 No. 79; Icelandic: Boberg.
G303.6.2.2. Devil appears at meetings of witches. Scotch: Campbell Superstitions 292; Finnish-Swedish: Danielsson op. cit. 84.
G303.6.2.3. Devil appears among youths who jest while they say their evening prayers. Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 10 No. 76.
G303.6.2.4. Devil visible to one who walks in minister’s (or minister‘s wife’s) holy shoes (galoshes). Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 10. No. 79.
G303.6.2.5. Devil appears to persons ready to abandon their integrity. Scotch: Campbell Superstitions 292.
G303.6.2.6. Devil appears to minister‘s serving man to warn of impending disaster to the house. Scotch: Campbell Superstitions 298f.
G303.6.2.7. Devil appears to girl who prays over pit where she has thrown the bodies of her babies. French: Sébillot France II 313.
G303.6.2.8. Devil appears to dying man. Irish myth: Cross.
G303.6.2.9. Devil appears to saint (cleric). Irish myth: *Cross.
G303. Saint is able to see devils. *Loomis White Magic 76f.
G303.6.2.10. Devil appears to scholar. Irish myth: *Cross.
G303.6.2.11. Devil appears to Eve. Irish myth: *Cross.
G303.6.2.12. Devil hides in clothes of people running from storm. See references to G303. Balys Tautosakos Darbai VI 87 – 100.
G303.6.2.13. Devil appears to person who cuts both ends off loaf of bread. England: Baughman.
G303.6.2.14. Devil appears to Sabbath breakers. (Cf. C631.) England, Wales: *Baughman.
G303.6.2.15. Devil appears when person steals.
G303. Devil causes boy to make noise of wind breaking after he has stolen bushel of corn to pay for shoes. (Cf. D2063.5.) U.S.: Baughman.
G303.6.3. Natural phenomena accompanying the devil’s appearance.
G303.6.3.1. Devil is followed by a thunderstorm. Dh I 154; England, U.S.: Baughman.
G303. The devil appears during thunderstorm, seeking shelter among people. Swedish, Lappish, Finnish, Estonian, Livonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Russian, White Russian: *Balys Tautosakos Darbai VI 87 – 100.
G303.6.3.2. Devil comes in the whirlwind. French: Sébillot France I 113.
G303.6.3.3. Devil and the wind travel together. French: Sébillot France II 313.
G303.6.3.4. Devil appears in an intense light and with strong odor of sulphur. (Cf. G303.4.8.1.) Sébillot France II 313; U.S.: Baughman.
G303.6.3.5. Devil‘s coming heralded by piercing whistle. German: Grimm No. 195.
G303.7. How the devil travels.
G303.7.1. Devil rides horse. U.S.: Baughman; Irish: Beal XXI 322, O’Suilleabhain 55.
G303.7.1.1. Devil rides on black horse. Wesselski Märchen 199; English: Hunt Popular Romances 217, 222, Baughman.
G303.7.1.2. Devil‘s horses are transformed men. Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 40 No. 33; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 118 Nos. 25, 33; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3304, Legends Nos. 469, 581ff., 585.
G303. Devil’s horse has human feet. Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 40 No. 33; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 120 No. 33.
G303. Devil (gentleman) invites traveler into his wagon. Explains that his horses are Earl X, etc. (Cf. G303.25.17.1.) Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 118 No. 25.
G303. Devil (gentleman) invites girls into his sleigh. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
G303.7.1.3. Devil rides horse at night hunting lost souls over the heath. England: Baughman.
G303.7.2. Devil rides away on an ass. Angered because God has not invited him to his wedding. Dh I 129.
G303.7.3. Devil drives horse and wagon. Fb I 266b; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 9 No. 69.
G303.7.3.1. Devil in wagon drawn by two black horses carries off impious people. Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 13 No. 118; Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 822.
G303.7.3.2. Devil drives carriage drawn by horses whose nostrils shoot fire. Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 9 No. 69; French: Sébillot France I 428.
G303.7.3.3. Devil in coach drawn by headless horses. English: Hunt Popular Romances 224ff.
G303.7.3.4. Devil pursues man from carriage drawn by four white horses. U.S.: Baughman.
G303.7.3.5. Devil travels in coach drawn by four blood-red horses, the hoofs of which strike fire from the pavement. German: Grimm No. 120.
G303.7.4. Devil comes in a cart. Fb I 266b; Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 776.
G303.7.5. Devil drives several teams of oxen. English: Hunt Popular Romances 230.
G303.7.6. Devil rides on hog, drives another. Fb III 676b.
G303.7.7. Devil drives six he-goats. Wünsche Teufel 41.
G303.7.8. Devil rides cow until she goes mad. England: Baughman.
G303.7.9. Devil flies like bird. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.8. Devil‘s expulsion from heaven and his present haunts.
G303.8.1. Devil driven from heaven. Spanish Exempla: Keller; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3002, Legends Nos. 5f.; Jewish: *Neuman.
G303.8.1.1. God has Elias drive devils from heaven. They use thunder, lightning, and rain for forty days. Dh I 133f.
G303.8.1.2. Archangels Michael and Gabriel drive Satan and other devils from heaven to earth. Dh I 67, 138; Irish: Beal XXI 323, O’Suilleabhain 59.
G303. Devil becomes an angel. Forced by monk, devil sings a hymn and becomes a white angel as he was before the sin. Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 670, Balys Ghosts.
G303.8.2. Devils carry away the sun when they fall from heaven. Dh I 136.
G303.8.3. The devil in hell. Irish myth: *Cross.
G303.8.3.1. Devil is thrust into hell by God. Dh I 5; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 5f.
G303.8.3.2. Devil builds himself a castle and calls it hell. Dh I 145.
G303.8.3.3. Devil‘s house is visible on the way to hell. Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 121 No. 38.
G303.8.4. Devil lives in a church. Fb I 266a.
G303.8.4.1. Devil bound with huge chain near northern side of Tamdrup church. Fb I 189a.
G303.8.4.2. Devil in each stone of church built with ill-gotten wealth. Scala Celi 84a No. 481; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
G303.8.5. Devil in interior of earth. Banished there by God as punishment for trying to usurp God’s rule of the world. Dh I 208.
G303.8.6. Devil and his servants live where perjurers dwell. Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 12. No. 107.
G303.8.7. Devil‘s abode is between hoofs of swine. Fb I 189a.
G303.8.8. Devil lives in the water. Dh I 56, 67.
G303.8.9. Devils in woman’s train. Scala Celi 141a No. 787; *Loomis White Magic 76.
G303.8.9.1. Devil in fold of knight‘s cloak. (Cf. G303.6.2.12.) Knight permits him to lodge there and accompany him to a tournament on condition that he leave him without harm upon request. Pauli (ed. Bolte) 93.
G303.8.10. Devil in dragon’s head on a shield. Is expelled by a knight (Percival). Dickson 197 No. 84.
G303.8.11. Devil in a stone. Irish myth: *Cross; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 9 No. 70.
G303.8.12. Devil in the stable wrapped in horse-hide. Devil chases youth as he hides himself. Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 122 No. 43.
G303.8.13. Devil in the woods.
G303.8.13.1. Youth meets devil in woods. Scala Celi 120a No. 658.
G303.8.13.2. Forest devil the one which fell in the forest when driven from heaven. Dh I 67.
G303.8.13.3. Devil in woods to gather nuts on Christmas Eve. Fb I 266a.
G303.8.14. Devils dwell in heathen idols, as well as portraits and images. *Loomis White Magic 75.
G303.8.15. Devil hidden in a corpse. *Loomis White Magic 74.
G303.9. Deeds of the devil.
G303.9.1. The devil as a builder. *Broderius 27, 58; Boberg FFC CLI.
G303.9.1.1. Devil as builder of bridges. Wünsche Teufel 30 – 37; England, Wales, U.S.: Baughman; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3285, Legends Nos. 489f.; Japanese, Korean: Ikeda.
G303.9.1.2. Devil as builder of dams. Finnish-Swedish: man 17 No. 155; Wünsche Teufel 29f.
G303.9.1.3. Devil as builder of mill. Wünsche Teufel 38ff.
G303.9.1.4. Devil as builder of walls. Wünsche Teufel 27f., 69; England: Baughman.
G303.9.1.5. Devil as builder of palaces (châteaux). Wünsche Teufel 49f.; Icelandic: Boberg; French: Sébillot France IV 126.
G303.9.1.6. Devil as builder of churches. Wünsche Teufel 42; Danish: Kristensen Danske Sagn III (1931) 26ff.; Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 491; French: Sébillot France IV 126.
G303.9.1.7. Devil builds a road. Wünsche Teufel 37; England, Scotland: Baughman.
G303.9.1.8. Devil builds a ditch. Wünsche Teufel 37f.; England: Baughman.
G303.9.1.9. Devil builds two islands in a lake. Wünsche Teufel 30.
G303.9.1.10. Devil builds an inn for a man in competition with a church being built. Wünsche Teufel 44.
G303.9.1.11. Devil builds Mont Saint Michel. French: Sébillot France IV 11.
G303.9.1.12. Devil helps build Halberstadt Cathedral thinking a tavern is being built. Wünsche Teufel 44.
G303.9.1.13. Devil builds a building. England, U.S.: *Baughman.
G303.9.1.14. Satan builds idol. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.9.1.15. Satan builds another world. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.9.2. The devil performs deeds of unusual strength.
G303.9.2.1. Devil pulls up tree to goad his oxen. English: Hunt Popular Romances 230, Baughman.
G303.9.2.2. Devil builds road for farmer in one day. Wünsche Teufel 50f.
G303.9.2.3. Devil plows and plants grain for farmer in one day. Wünsche Teufel 50f.
G303.9.2.4. Devil and Drake carry waters of English Channel from Dartmoor to Plymouth. English: Hunt Popular Romances 231, Baughman.
G303.9.2.5. Devil and Michael Scott carry tide an additional five miles up River Wansbeck. England: Baughman.
G303.9.3. The devil hires out.
G303.9.3.1. Devil hires out to a farmer. Wünsche Teufel 71f.; Irish: Beal XXI 314, O’Suilleabhain 38; Lithuanian: Balys Index Nos. 329ff., Legends Nos. 505 – 524.
G303. The devil takes service with a farmer in return for the bread he stole. Punishes the evil landowner and makes his master prosperous. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3290, Legends Nos. 505 – 511.
G303.9.3.2. Devil is employed as a midwife. Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 43 No. 30.
G303.9.3.3. Devils help people at work, but are feared nevertheless. Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 790 – 794.
G303.9.3.4. The devil is always to blame. Even when he tries to be helpful to man. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3340, Legends Nos. 659 – 663; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 41 No. 49.
G303.9.4. The devil as a tempter. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman.
G303. Satan causes storm to destroy property of man he tempts. Jewish: Neuman.
G303. Satan smites man he tempts with leprosy. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.9.4.1. Devil gives Eve two grains of corn. One is for her and one for Adam. Dh I 212.
G303.9.4.2. Devil persuades man to commit suicide. Scala Celi 153a No. 843; Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 758; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
G303. The devil teaches man how to hang himself. Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 610 – 614.
G303.9.4.3. Devil tries to get man to kill his bride (wife). Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 12 No. 104.
G303.9.4.4. Devil tempts cleric (hermit). Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 670; Scala Celi 5b, 165a, 166a Nos. 29, 930, 938; Alphabet Nos. 28, 128, 129; Irish myth: *Cross; English: Hunt Popular Romances 232; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 388, II 1059.
G303.9.4.5. Devils appear to knight to try to call him from doing penance. Scala Celi 162a No. 919.
G303. Devil by trick conjures vision to make idolators of believers. Jewish: Neuman.
G303. Disguised devil as messenger to adulterous people. Irish Myth: Cross.
G303. Satan stops men from praying. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.9.4.6. Devil tempts saints. Scala Celi 112a, 154b Nos. 623, 855; Dh I 174. – Irish myth: Cross.
G303. Devil instructs saint on virtues by which to attain Heaven. Irish myth: Cross.
G303.9.4.7. Devil tempts girl. Scala Celi 47b No. 267; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 395f., 399; West Indies: Flowers 447f.
G303. Devil and girl. ”Are you lonely?“ Girl: ”No, devil, with God and angels.“ Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 365.
G303.9.4.8. Devil tempts youth to deny Virgin. Promises youth riches. Scala Celi No. 658.
G303.9.4.9. Devil tries to move repentant sinner to despair. Irish myth: Cross.
G303.9.4.10. Woman worships the devil. Irish myth: Cross.
G303.9.5. The devil as an abductor. Fb I 266a, 267a; Dh I 176; French: Sébillot France II 38, IV 341; Jewish: *Neuman; West Indies: Flowers 448f.
G303.9.5.1. Devil abducts girl: has her hang about his neck and he flees to hell. Wünsche Teufel 65f.
G303.9.5.2. Devil carries away a lord on his back. French: Sébillot France IV 341; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
G303.9.5.3. Devil compels two miners to follow him. English: Hunt Popular Romances 218.
G303.9.5.4. Devil carries man through air as swift as wind (thought). Finnish: FFC XXXIII 41 No. 37; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 121 No.
G303.9.5.5. Devil combs Mme. Anna‘s hair while he takes her away. Fb I 266b.
G303.9.5.6. Man temporarily abducted by devil. Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 710; Estonian and Latvian: Tautosakos Darbai VI 19 – 23.
G303.9.5.7. Devil carries a Jew to hell. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3335, Legends No. 650ff.
G303.9.5.8. Devil takes violinist when he needs a good fiddler in hell. England: Baughman.
G303.9.6. The devil fights.
G303. The devil is armed. Irish myth: Cross.
G303.9.6.1. Devil fights with man. Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 121 No. 35.
G303. Devil is overcome by man in fight. Man pulls out one of his horns and beats him with it. Cent Nouvelles Nouvelles No. 70; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
G303. Satan fights Israel. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.9.6.2. Satan attacks saints. Kittredge Witchcraft 218, 525 nn. 49, 50; Dh I 138; Irish myth: Cross; England: Baughman; French: Sébillot France II 128, III 530.
G303. Devil inflames saint’s injured eye. Irish myth: Cross.
G303.9.7. The devil advises human beings.
G303.9.7.1. Devil advises young girl not to go to a castle. Later, when she returns pregnant she says that the devil advised her to serve at the castle. He slaps her and tells her she is lying. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 84; Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 664.
G303.9.7.2. Devil exhorts youth to enjoy himself and not to think of God. When the youth has grown old the devil says, ”It is now too late to think of God.“ Type 823*.
G303.9.7.3. The devil advises a suspicious husband. The Ring of Hans Garvel. Appears in a dream and hands the husband a ring. ”When you wear this ring you will be sure of your wife.“ He awakens to understand the obscene implication. Cent Nouvelles Nouvelles no. 11; Italian Novella: *Rotunda.
G303.9.7.4. Devil disguised as man tells of trip to heaven and hell. Heaven is full of wretches who weep, fast, and pray. Hell is full of wealth, power, and good living. Nouvelles de Sens No. 5.
G303.9.8. Miscellaneous actions of the devil.
G303.9.8.1. Devil spins and knits. English: Hunt Popular Romances 241.
G303.9.8.2. Devil plays fiddle at wedding. Causes bad luck (kills bridegroom). Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 40 No. 24; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 118 No. 24.
G303.9.8.3. Devil sings (dances) on grave. Irish myth: *Cross.
G303.9.8.4. Devil causes salamander to appear in glass of rum, drinks it. U.S.: Baughman.
G303.9.8.5. Devil engages in drinking contest with man for purse of gold. Gold causes man to become miser. England: Baughman.
G303.9.8.6. Satan asks God to put man into his power (Job). Jewish: *Neuman.
G303.9.8.7. Satan makes wager with God about mortal‘s piety. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.9.8.8. Satan prays to God. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.9.8.9. Satan chants songs of praise to God. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.9.8.10. Satan weeps. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.9.8.11. Satan as blasphemer. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.9.9. Pranks played by the devil.
G303.9.9.1. Devil prevents moving of little stone by sitting on it. Scala Celi 149b No. 823.
G303.9.9.2. Devil interrupts mass by pretended battle. Scala Celi 22b No. 144; Alphabet No. 105.
G303.9.9.3. Devil steals knight’s cloak. Scala Celi 153a No. 844; Alphabet No. 620.
G303.9.9.4. Devil takes an unbaptized child out of the cradle and lays a wooden log in its place. Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 14 No. 127; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3295, Legends Nos. 525ff.
G303.9.9.5. Devil piles sand in ocean so that vessels may run aground. Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 17 No. 156.
G303.9.9.6. Devil leads and misguides people. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3332, Legends Nos. 459, 500, 557, 590, 640 – 49, 746ff., 759 – 75, 784, 797f., 800, 804.
G303.9.9.7. Trying all night to catch an animal (really devil). Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 777 – 783.
G303.9.9.8. Taking snuff with the devil. Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 772, 785ff.
G303.9.9.9. Devil challenges boys to play a disc-game. Can be defeated only with rowan-sticks. (Cf. D950.9.) Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 653 – 658.
G303.9.9.10. Exchanging things with the devil. The cheat appears later. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3302, Legends Nos. 437, 441, 559 – 77.
G303.9.9.11. The devil as tailor to a dandy. The dandy demands clothes sewed without thread. The devil disguised as a tailor makes them. In church the dandy‘s clothes fall to pieces, leaving him naked. Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 685ff.
G303.9.9.12. Devil engages in horse race with man. U.S.: *Baughman.
G303.9.9.13. Devil flies away with sentry box. England: Baughman.
G303.9.9.14. Devil drinks church well dry at one draught. England: Baughman.
G303.9.9.15. Devil stampedes horses of general. England: Baughman.
G303.9.9.16. Devil takes place of girl man is embracing in private place. The man goes mad. England: Baughman.
G303.9.9.17. Devil as crow misleads travelers, puts out their lights. England, U.S.: *Baughman.
G303.9.9.18. Devil moves seats in church. Scotland: Baughman.
G303.9.9.19. Devil plays marbles in church. England: Baughman.
G303.9.9.20. Satan entangles ram’s horns on the altar. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.9.9.21. Satan liberates caught deer. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.10. Allies and possessions of the devil.
G303.10.1. Cat as follower of the devil. Fb IV 99a.
G303.10.2. Toad as follower of the devil. Fb. IV 99a.
G303.10.3. Snake as follower of the devil. Fb IV 99a.
G303.10.4. Dancers as followers of the devil. (Cf. G303.6.2.1.)
G303. Devil haunts dance halls. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
G303.10.4.1. Devil dances with a maid until she dies. Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 10 No. 81; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3251, Legends Nos. 347, 353f.
G303.10.4.2. Two devils come to a dance-loving maid and play when she bathes. Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 10 No. 82.
G303.10.4.3. Devil teaches a dance-loving maid to dance. Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 10 No. 83.
G303.10.4.4. Devil appears to girl who wants an escort for a dance. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
G303.10.4.5. Devil dances with maid and puts his claws through her hands. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
G303.10.5. Where the devil can‘t reach, he sends an old woman. (Cf. K1085.) *Type 1353; Wesselski Märchen 196.
G303.10.6. Devil in league with a freemason. *Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 32; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 13 No. 117; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3422, Legends Nos. 821ff.
G303.10.7. Devil gives luck with fishing and hunting. Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 11 No. 91.
G303.10.8. Horses are offspring of the devil. One cannot trust them. Dh I 239; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 135, 153 – 159.
G303.10.9. An all-red, all-black, or all-white calf the property of the devil. Dh I 188.
G303.10.10. Lizards are offspring of the devil. Dh I 198.
G303.10.11. The spurge-laurel is the devil’s bush. Dh I 200.
G303.10.12. The devil owns the reeds. Dh I 187.
G303.10.13. Thistles and nettles are the devil‘s vegetables. Dh I 187.
G303.10.14. The bagpipe is the devil’s bellows. Dh I 189.
G303.10.15. Devil has a hound. Irish myth: Cross.
G303.10.16. Devil has a servant. Irish myth: Cross.
G303.10.17. Bird as messenger of devil. U.S.: Baughman.
G303.10.18. Angels of Satan. Jewish: *Neuman.
G303.10.19. Devil’s well. Argentina: Jijena Sanchez 112.
G303.11. The relatives of the devil. Irish myth: Cross.
G303.11.1. The devil’s wife.
G303.11.1.1. The devil‘s son is with his mother at night in his father’s place. Type 1720*.
G303.11.2. The devil‘s son. Irish: O’Suilleabhain 35, Beal XXI 312f.
G303.11.2.1. The devil and his son fight over division of the earth. Dh I 135.
G303.11.2.2. The devil‘s children and grandchildren do his work for him. India: Thompson-Balys.
G303.11.3. The devil’s mother. Irish: Cross, O‘Suilleabhain 92, Beal XXI 330.
G303.11.3.1. Devil’s mother rides a goat. Fb I 268, 439.
G303.11.4. The devil‘s grandmother. **Lehmann Dania VIII 179ff.
G303.11.4.1. Devil‘s grandmother keeps house for devil. Is an old wrinkled woman with red eyes who locks up hell. Fb I 268a; Japanese: Ikeda.
G303.11.4.2. Devil’s grandmother is bleaching when it snows. Fb I 268a.
G303.11.5. The devil‘s daughter. Irish myth: Cross.
G303.11.5.1. The devil and his nine daughters. Irish myth: Cross.
G303.12. Marital experiences of the devil. (Cf. H1153, K216.1, K2325, T251.1.1.) Irish: Beal XXI 330; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. 91 – 93; Jewish: *Neuman.
G303.12.1. Devil wooes an innkeeper’s daughter. Wünsche Teufel 33.
G303.12.2. Devil marries a widow who maltreats him. Wünsche Teufel 62f.
G303.12.3. Devil marries old maid who proves to be a termagant and a miser. Wünsche Teufel 62.
G303.12.4. Devil visits woman and founds a family. (Cf. G303.11.) Irish myth: Cross.
G303.12.5. Devil marries girl.
G303.12.5.1. Girl married to a devil. Despairing of ever finding herself a husband, the old maid exclaims: ”I would marry even the devil, were he to marry me.“ The devil takes her at her word. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3253, Legends Nos. 367ff.
G303.12.5.2. Devil marries disdainful girl; she escapes. U.S.: *Baughman.
G303.12.5.3. Devil marries girl whose rich mother refuses to let her marry common young men of community. U.S.: Baughman.
G303.12.5.4. Devil wooes woman; she discovers identity in time to escape with aid of minister who swallows candle after getting devil to promise she could live as long as the candle lasted. (Cf. K551.9.) Scotland: Baughman.
G303.12.5.5. Girl married to devil escapes with answers to his riddles. Type 812; U.S.: Baughman.
G303.12.5.6. Girl wooed by devil is saved by magic herb she wears. (Cf. D1386.2.) U.S.: Baughman.
G303.12.5.7. Devil takes form of girl‘s lover and takes advantage of her. She meets lover on way home, learns what has happened, dies. England: Baughman.
G303.12.6. Devil in guise of woman woos man. England, U.S.: *Baughman.
G303.12.6.1. Man marries a she-devil He catches her as succubus and marries. Some years later his wife‘s brothers invite them to a feast (wedding) and he gets gifts or wife’s dowry. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *424.
G303.12.7. Devil‘s sexual relations with mortals. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.12.7.1. Satan’s sexual intercourse with Eve. Jewish: *Neuman.
G303.13. The stupid devil. Missouri French: Carrière; **Wünsche Teufel; Danielsson Djävulgestalten i Finlands svenska Folktro (Helsingfors, 1930) 35; Spanish: Espinosa Jr. Nos. 82 – 84, 201; Jewish: Neuman.
G303.13.1. Devils do not know or understand thoughts of men. Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 329 No. 50.
G303.13.2. Devil works backward. Begins building at top of house. Wünsche Teufel 52.
G303.13.3. Devil tries to wall in too large a piece of ground in a night and fails. Wünsche Teufel 70.
G303.13.4. The devil tries to learn a trade; he fails miserably at all but versemaking. He now loiters in alehouses, sings songs. Scotland: Baughman.
G303.13.5. Simple-minded devil indicates how he can be driven away. (Cf. G303.16.) India: Thompson-Balys.
G303.14. Devil’s unfinished work cannot be completed by human hands. One stone missing in church, etc. Wünsche Teufel 37f., 47, 51 – 56.
G303.14.1. The devil destroys by night what is built by day. Wünsche Teufel 30; French: Sébillot France IV 46; Canada, England, Scotland: *Baughman.
G303.14.1.1. Devil destroys Adam‘s work by night. Dh I 238.
G303.14.2. Devil builds bridge except for one stone. No one dares to add the final stone. England: Baughman.
G303.15. Places haunted by the devil. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3440, Legends Nos. 833 – 850.
G303.15.1. Devil haunts premises about to be visited by calamity. Scotch: Campbell Superstitions 292.
G303.15.2. Granary now haunted because of devil’s defeat. Wünsche Teufel 53f.
G303.15.3. Devil haunts a house. Finally is exorcised. Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 711 – 718.
G303.15.4. Devils haunt tree. (Cf. G312.3.)
G303.15.4.1. Particular species of tree abode of devils. India: Thompson-Balys.
G303.15.5. Ruins of a palace haunted by Satan. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.15.6. Satan appears at a feast where the poor are absent. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.16. How the devil‘s power may be escaped or avoided. Irish myth: *Cross; Finnish-Swedish: Danielsson 112.
G303.16.1. By the help of the Virgin Mary the devil may be escaped. Scala Celi 111a, 119a, 120b Nos. 617, 657, 659; Irish: *Cross; O‘Suilleabhain 41, Beal XXI 315; Spanish Exempla: Keller.
G303.16.2. Devil’s power over one avoided by prayer. Fb I 267a; Scala Celi 132b, 137a, 149b Nos. 729, 764, 765, 823; Alphabet No. 591; Wünsche Teufel 44, 102; Irish myth: Cross; England: Baughman, Hunt Popular Romances 224; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 14 No. 126; French: Sébillot France IV 126; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: *Neuman.
G303.16.2.1. Devil cannot take one who has read the Pater Noster. Fb I 266b, 267a.
G303. Devil cannot enter person who is thinking of God. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
G303.16.2.2. Person saved from devil by prayer to Virgin. Scala Celi 122b, 124a, 134b Nos. 673, 677, 742; Köhler-Bolte II 613ff.
G303.16.2.3. Devil‘s power avoided by blessing.
G303. Man escapes devils by reading Lord’s blessing. Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 9 No. 74.
G303. Devil flees at pope‘s blessing. Dh I 175.
G303. Devils disappear when priest blesses bread. Scala Celi 67a No. 370; Irish: Beal XXI 314, O’Suilleabhain 38.
G303. A nun eating unblessed lettuce eats a demon. Gregory the Great Dialogues Bk I Ch. 4 (tr. Edmund Gardner, London, 1911) 17; *Krappe Bulletin Hispanique XXXIX 22; Alphabet No. 108; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
G303. Blessing reveals seemingly pure stream to be devil‘s trap which kills whoever drinks from it. Irish myth: Cross.
G303.16.2.4. Devils driven away by hymn (psalm). Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman.
G303.16.2.5. Demon cannot hurt holy man or woman. India: Thompson-Balys.
G303.16.3. Devil’s power avoided by the cross. U.S.: Baughman.
G303.16.3.1. Devils driven away by cross. Scala Celi Nos. 367, 392.
G303.16.3.2. Devil cannot endure cross made by straps of knapsack. Type 1166*; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *1168; Russian: Andrejev No. 1166*; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV No. 1166*.
G303.16.3.3. Devils put to flight by cross made of leaves. Scala Celi No. 391.
G303.16.3.4. Devil made to disappear by making sign of the cross. Dh I 48; Scala Celi 13a, 45a, 45b, 66b, 67a, 67b, 70b, 77b Nos 77, 256, 257, 368, 369, 371, 372, 393, 394, 442; Pauli (ed. Bolte) 90; Crane Vitry 189 No. 131, 246 No. 263; Alphabet No. 64. – Irish: O‘Suilleabhain 92, Beal XXI 330; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 642 – 645, 648, 650, 776, 786, 800, 825; French: Sébillot France I 160, II 403, IV 12; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Argentina: Jijena Sanchez 103; West Indies: Flowers 450.
G303.16.3.5. Knight dismisses devil in name of cross. Scala Celi 127b No. 696; Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 93.
G303.16.3.6. Devil made visible by making sign of cross. Irish myth: *Cross.
G303.16.4. Words of religious comfort cause devil and his crew to vanish. England: Baughman, Hunt Popular Romances 218; Jewish: Neuman.
G303.16.5. Administering sacrament destroys devil’s power.
G303.16.5.1. Chaplain administers sacrament and saves woman‘s soul from devil. Wünsche Teufel 37.
G303.16.5.2. Devil disappears when offered host. Scala Celi 64b No. 353; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
G303.16.6. Man is rescued from devil by baptism. Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 14 No. 131.
G303.16.7. Devil is chased by holy water. Type 756B; Andrejev FFC LXIX 103; Irish: Cross, Beal XXI 313 – 315, 322, O’Suilleabhain 35, 38, 40, 56; Wales, U.S.: Baughman; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 82 No. 676; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 639, 708, 715; French: Sébillot France IV 126; West Indies: Flowers 450.
G303.16.8. Devil leaves at mention of God‘s name. England, Ireland, Wales, U.S.: Baughman; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 651, 774f., 780, 814; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 95 No. *817, Keller; Jewish: *Neuman.
G303.16.9. Devil is made impotent by confession. Scala Celi 42a – 46b Nos. 239, 241, 243, 245, 246, 249, 255, 260.
G303.16.10. Angels save person from the devil. Scala Celi 45a, 84a Nos. 253, 479, 660; Alphabet No. 178; Wünsche Teufel 42.
G303.16.11. Various holy persons save one from devil.
G303.16.11.1. Devil is driven out of a man by Peter. Dh I 170.
G303.16.11.2. Devil prevented from revenge by pious priest. Wünsche Teufel 45.
G303.16.11.3. Person chases the devil away. Devil says, ”You also have stolen once.“ Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 40 No. 30; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 119 No. 30; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 706, 715.
G303.16.11.4. Saint expels devil to hell. Nouvelles de Sens No. 5; Irish myth: Cross.
G303.16.11.5. Saint’s dispute with devil. *Loomis White Magic 76.
G303.16.12. Ringing of churchbell causes devil to lose his power. Wünsche Teufel 40, 42, 43f.
G303.16.13. Devil may be escaped by going to church every day. Fb I 267a.
G303.16.14. The devil exorcised. Alphabet No. 595; Wünsche Teufel 104f., 106f.; Fb I 267a; Irish: *Cross, Beal XXI 315; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 14 No. 132, 15 Nos. 133, 134; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *1169; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 328 No. 28; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Italian Novella: Rotunda.
G303.16.14.1. Priest chases devil away. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
G303. Priest separates girl from devil‘s claws. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.
G303.16.14.2. Devil chased by the fumes of burning arsenic. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
G303. Devil exorcised by burning wood. Irish: O’Suilleabhain 39.
G303.16.14.3. Devil overpowered or chased with a stick of rowan-tree. Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 653f., 657f., 671f., 799.
G303. Why the devil fears the rowan-tree. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3346.
G303.16.14.4. The devil is exorcised with bell, book, and candle. U.S.: Baughman.
G303.16.14.5. Devil avoids cockscomb flowers. India: Thompson-Balys.
G303.16.15. Devils leave hermit who turns other cheek when struck. Scala Celi No. 795.
G303.16.16. Devil is cheated of his reward when priest dismisses mass early. Wünsche Teufel 84.
G303.16.17. Devil cannot enter a house with horseshoe over door. Fb I 267a; North Carolina: Brown Collection I 650; Japanese: Ikeda.
G303.16.18. One must not whistle after sunset, else the devil will go along with one. Fb I 267b.
G303.16.18.1. Christians are prohibited from whistling in dark lest the devil appear. Sébillot France I 159.
G303.16.19. Miscellaneous ways in which the devil may be escaped or his power destroyed. England, Ireland, U.S.: Baughman.
G303.16.19.1. Man secure from devil on horse. Scotch: Campbell Superstitions of the Highlands and Islands of Scotland (Glasgow 1900) 293.
G303.16.19.2. Devil goes with one if one spits on old castaway brooms. Fb I 267b.
G303.16.19.3. One is freed if he can set a task the devil cannot perform. Fb I 267a; **Wesselski Niederdeutsche Zeitschrift für Volkskunde X 1ff.; England: *Baughman; India: *Thompson-Balys.
G303. Task for devil: sweeping and winnowing peas on ice. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 1177.
G303. Task for devil: making needles. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *1188.
G303. Task for devil: washing a Jew (Jewess), to rid him (her) of the evil smell. (Cf. A1662.1.) Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *1187.
G303.16.19.4. Devil (Satan) flees when cock is made to crow. (Cf. G303.17.1.1.) U.S.: Baughman; Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 811; French: Sébillot France IV 126; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 218f. No. 168.
G303. Man imitates cock crowing: devil is deceived. Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 343.
G303.16.19.5. Demon has to serve girl whom he cannot persuade to break vow of chastity. (Cf. D1714.) Scala Celi 154b 854.
G303.16.19.6. Man protected from devil by holding three-year old child through night. Wünsche Teufel 36f.
G303.16.19.7. Devil comes out of man when monk recognizes devil‘s voice in man. Scala Celi 25b No. 168; Alphabet No. 123.
G303.16.19.8. Knight saved from devil by friends. Scala Celi 135b No. 752.
G303.16.19.9. Devil becomes powerless when called by name. Wünsche Teufel 119; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 641, 647, 768, 779, 809.
G303.16.19.10. Devil exorcised at time of Christ’s Nativity. Irish myth: Cross.
G303.16.19.11. Devil frustrated by charity. Irish myth: Cross.
G303.16.19.12. Devil can‘t approach Christian girl. Nouvelles de Sens No. 5.
G303.16.19.13. Devil cannot follow man over running water. (Cf. F383.2, G273.4.) England, Ireland: *Baughman.
G303.16.19.14. Devil escaped by injuring him with silver bullet. (Cf. D1384.5.) U.S.: Baughman.
G303.16.19.15. Devil cannot enter magic circle made to keep him out. (Cf. D1381.11.) Scotland, Wales: *Baughman.
G303.16.19.16. Devil can be driven away by sacrifice. Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Bays.
G303.16.19.17. Devil disappears because he is frightened.
G303. Devil frightened by a woman. India: *Thompson-Balys.
G303.16.19.18. Catching the devil. The devil is caught with the help of a sacred article (rosary, scapular) or some other thing (band for binding breeches, a switch of the rowan-tree). Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3345, Legends Nos. 665 – 668, 677.
G303.16.19.19. Beating the devil. One must give him an odd number of strokes. Devil asks for one stroke more. Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 657f., 773, 795.
G303.16.19.20. Devil is killed by hunter. A slake of tar remains. Lithuanian: Balys Legends No. 796; Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.
G303.17. The devil’s disappearance from the world.
G303.17.1. When the devil disappears.
G303.17.1.1. Devil disappears when cock crows. (Cf. G303.16.19.4.) Scotch: Campbell Superstitions 294 U.S.: Baughman; German: Grimm No. 121, 195, Penzer I 77, IX 143; Lithuanian: Balys Index Nos. 3252, Legends Nos. 344ff., 353 – 357, 359f., 363, 493, 495, 593, 690, 696ff., 737f., 759, 761, 763, 772, 812, 822, 829, 856; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.
G303.17.1.2. Devil rebels and disappears on last day. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.17.1.3. Devil disappears after erection of Tabernacle. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.17.2. Physical circumstances of devil‘s disappearance.
G303.17.2.1. Devil detected, goes up chimney in smoke. Scotch: Campbell Superstitions 292.
G303.17.2.2. Devil disappears in a whirlpool. Wünsche Teufel 31f.
G303.17.2.3. Devil goes out through stove with great noise. Finnish: FFC XXXIII 41 No. 45; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 123 No. 45.
G303.17.2.4. Devil and sinful priest disappear amid blaze of fire in the river. England: Baughman.
G303.17.2.5. Devil retreats into hell amid thunder and lightning. Wünsche Teufel 32f.
G303.17.2.6. Devil disappears in a puddle. Wünsche Teufel 60.
G303.17.2.7. Devil disappears amid terrible rattle. Zs. f. Vksk. IV 294.
G303.17.2.8. Devil disappears amid terrible stench. (Cf. G303.4.8.1.) Wünsche Teufel 49f., 51f., 61f.
G303.17.2.9. Devil disappears in carriage drawn by four black horses. Wünsche Teufel 60.
G303.17.3. Why the devil has disappeared from the world.
G303.17.3.1. The devil dies of a nosebleed resulting from overheat. Wünsche Teufel 84f.
G303.17.3.2. The devil dies when he is fastened in hell’s door by his beard. German: Henne-Am Rhyn (1874) 276f.
G303.17.3.3. Wolf eats the devil; therefore, devil no longer lives in the world. Dh I 153.
G303.17.3.4. Devil has not been seen since he created the bramble. Dh I 170.
G303.17.3.5. Satan punished in hell fire. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.18. Devil enters body of another. India: *Thompson-Balys.
G303.18.0.1. When devil leaves dead sinner‘s body, only bones remain. Irish myth: Cross.
G303.18.1. Devil enters body of dead boy. Scala Celi 67a No. 369; India: Thompson-Balys.
G303.18.2. Devil in place of dead man in shroud (in dead man’s skin). Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 42 No. 49**.
G303.18.3. Devil blows skin off man who belongs to him and goes in the skin. Fb I 267a; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3365, Legends Nos. 693 – 697, 700.
G303.18.4. Satan enters the Golden Calf. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.19. The devil takes the hindmost. (Cf. F1038.2.) England: Baughman.
G303.19.1. The last belongs to the devil. BP III 14; Fb III 196b; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 327 No. 37.
G303.19.2. Farmer has devil aid in reaping contest, loses his shadow when devil attempts to take hindmost. (Cf. K42.) Scotland: Baughman.
G303.20. Ways in which the devil kills people.
G303.20.1. Devil kills man with fiery sword. Scala Celi No. 662.
G303.20.2. Devil destroys hunting party with terrible wind. Scotch: Campbell Superstitions 301f.
G303.20.3. Devil strikes man dead with iron bar. Two men are fighting and devil thus kills one of them. Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 122 No. 44.
G303.20.4. Devil strikes man dead with disease. Irish myth: Cross.
G303.20.5. The devil unpeels a bold woman’s skin. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3257, Legends Nos. 378 – 387.
G303.20.6. Devil as black dog kills people. (Cf. G303. England, Scotland: *Baughman.
G303.20.7. Satan swallows victim. Jewish: *Neuman.
G303.20.8. Satan injures man. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.20.9. Satan slays the first born of the Egyptians. Jewish: Neuman.
G303.21. The devil‘s money.
G303.21.1. Devil’s money becomes ashes. Fb I 803f.; U.S.: Baughman; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 426, 428, 432f., 444, 447, 449 – 53, 577, 736.
G303.21.2. Devil’s money becomes manure. U.S.: Baughman.
G303.21.3. The devil‘s money is hot. U.S.: *Baughman.

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